Bio


I have taught the early history of science and medicine for many years on the premise that one of the most important ways to understand how science, medicine and technology have become so central to contemporary society comes from examining the process by which scientific knowledge emerged. I also take enormous pleasure in examining a kind of scientific knowledge that did not have an autonomous existence from other kinds of creative endeavors, but emerged in the context of humanistic approaches to the world (in defiance of C.P. Snow's claim that the modern world is one of "two cultures" that share very little in common). More generally, I am profoundly attracted to individuals in the past who aspired to know everything. It still seems like a worthy goal.

My other principal interest lies in understanding the world of the Renaissance, with a particular focus on Italy. I continue to be fascinated by a society that made politics, economics and culture so important to its self-definition, and that obviously succeeded in all these endeavors for some time, as the legacy of such figures as Machiavelli and Leonardo suggests. Renaissance Italy, in short, is a historical laboratory for understanding the possibilities and the problems of an innovative society. As such, it provides an interesting point of comparison to Gilded Age America, where magnates such as J.P. Morgan often described themselves as the "new Medici," and to other historical moments when politics, art and society combined fruitfully.

Finally, I have a certain interest in the relations between gender, culture and knowledge. Virginia Woolf rightfully observed at the beginning of the twentieth century that one could go to a library and find a great deal about women but very little that celebrated or supported their accomplishments. This is no longer true a century later, in large part thanks to the efforts of many scholars, male and female, who have made the work of historical women available to modern readers and who have begun to look at relations between the sexes in more sophisticated ways. Our own debates and disagreements on such issues make this subject all the more important to understand.

Academic Appointments


  • Professor, History
  • Professor (By courtesy), French and Italian

Administrative Appointments


  • Ubaldo Pierotti Professor in Italian History, Stanford University (2002 - Present)
  • Professor of History (and Italian, by courtesy), Stanford University (1999 - 2002)
  • Associate Professor of History, Stanford University (1996 - 1999)
  • Associate Professor of History, University of California, Davis (1993 - 1996)
  • Assistant Professor of History, University of California, Davis (1989 - 1993)
  • Director, SIMILE Freshman Program (2013 - 2016)
  • Director, Suppes Center for the History and Philosophy of Science (2012 - 2015)
  • Chair, Department of History (2008 - 2011)
  • Co-Director and Co-Founder, Center for Medieval and Early Modern Studies (2006 - 2010)
  • Associate Director, Suppes Center for the Interdisciplinary Study of Science and Technology (2004 - 2008)
  • Associate Director, Suppes Center for the Interdisciplinary Study of Science and Technology (2010 - 2011)
  • Co-Director, Program in the History and Philosophy of Science (2004 - 2007)
  • Co-Director, Program in the History and Philosophy of Science (2010 - 2011)
  • Co-Director, Science, Technology and Society Program, Stanford University (1999 - 2003)
  • Douglas Southall Freeman Visiting Professor, University of Richmond (2005 - 2005)
  • Visiting Professor, Folger Shakespeare Library (2003 - 2003)
  • Professeur Associe, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (2002 - 2002)
  • Visiting Professor, University of Groningen (2000 - 2000)
  • Visiting Associate Professor, Department of the History of Science, Harvard University (1994 - 1994)

Honors & Awards


  • Margaret W. Rossiter History of Women in Science Prize, History of Science Society (2004)
  • Pfizer Prize, History of Science Society (1996)
  • Howard Marraro Prize, American Catholic Historical Association (1995)
  • Derek Price Prize, History of Science Society (1995)
  • Nelson Prize, Renaissance Society of America (1990)
  • Invited Fellow, Center for Advanced Studies in the Behavioral Sciences (2007 - 2008)
  • Senior Fellowship, American Council of Learned Societies (2003 - 2004)
  • Sabbatical Fellowship, American Philosophical Society (2003 - 2004)
  • Senior Fellow, Stanford Humanities Postdoctoral Fellowship Program (2002 - 2005)
  • Invited Fellow, UCHRI Workshop on "Microcosms" (1998 - 1999)
  • Fellowship, Stanford Humanities Center (1998 - 1999)
  • Invited Scholar, Getty Center Senior Scholar-in-Residence (1995 - 1996)
  • Fellowship, American Council for Learned Societies (1992 - 1993)
  • Research Award, UC Faculty Development (1992 - 1993)
  • Fellow, UC Davis Humanities Institute (1992 - 1993)
  • Regents' Fellowship, UC Berkeley (1988 - 1989)
  • Graduate Fellowship, Wellesley College (1987 - 1988)
  • Fellowship, Sidney Ehrman History Department (1986 - 1987)
  • Ellen Andrews Wright Senior Fellow, Stanford Humanities Center (2011-2012)
  • Fellow, Guggenheim (1998-1999)
  • Heller Grant, UC Berkeley (1987, 1989)

Boards, Advisory Committees, Professional Organizations


  • Reviewer, American Historical Review
  • Reviewer, American Scholar
  • Reviewer, Catholic Historical Review
  • Reviewer, Journal of Modern History
  • Reviewer, Journal of Interdisciplinary History
  • Reviewer, Renaissance Quarterly
  • Reviewer, Renaissance Studies
  • Reviewer, Sixteenth Century Journal
  • Reviewer, Central European History
  • Reviewer, Isis
  • Reviewer, Bulletin of the History of Medicine
  • Reviewer, Archive of Natural History
  • Reviewer, History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
  • Reviewer, Early Science and Medicine
  • Reviewer, Science
  • Reviewer, Studi Storici
  • Advisory Board, I Tatti Studies (2012)
  • Advisory Board, The Medici Archive Project (2012)
  • Advisory Board, Max-Planck-Institut fUr Wissenschaftsgeschichte (2005 - 2010)
  • Advisory Board, The History of Scientific Thought (2005 - 2005)
  • Advisory Board, Eighteenth Century Studies (2000 - 2003)
  • Editorial Board, Journal of the History of Collections (1999 - Present)
  • Editorial Board, Sixteenth Century Essays and Studies (1999 - Present)
  • Editorial Board, Medicina e storia (1999 - Present)
  • Co-Editor, Configurations (1997 - 2002)
  • Editorial Board, Isis (1996 - 1999)
  • Bookshelf Board, Journal of the History of Biology (1990 - 1998)
  • Program Committee, American Historical Association (1998 - 1998)
  • Nominating Committee, American Historical Association (2003 - 2006)
  • Chair, Howard Marraro Prize Committee, American Historical Association (2010)
  • President, Renaissance Society of Northern California (1989 - 1990)
  • Advisory Board, Renaissance Society of Northern California (1990 - 1991)
  • Advisory Board, Renaissance Society of Northern California (1993 - 1994)
  • Council, Renaissance Society of America (1991 - 1993)
  • Council, Renaissance Society of America (2003 - 2005)
  • Local Arrangements Committee, Renaissance Society of America (1992 - 1992)
  • Member, Sixteenth Century Studies Council (1996 - 1998)
  • Program Committee, Sixteenth Century Studies Council (1997 - 1998)
  • President, West Coast History of Science Society (1995 - 1996)
  • Council, West Coast History of Science Society (1991 - 1992)
  • Co-organizer, UC-Stanford History of Science Workshop (1997 - 1997)
  • Committee on Publications, History of Science Society (2006 - 2012)
  • Chair, History of Science Society (2011 - 2012)
  • Dibner Visiting Scholar, History of Science Society (1996 - 1998)
  • Pfizer Prize Committee, History of Science Society (1996 - 1999)
  • Chair, History of Science Society (1999 - 1999)
  • Council, History of Science Society (1998 - 2000)
  • Chair, Nominating Committee, History of Science Society (1998 - 1999)
  • Co-founder, Cross-Cultural Women's History Program, UC Davis (1991 - 1991)
  • Fellowship Reviewer, Guggenheim (2004 - 2006)
  • Fellowship Reviewer, Guggenheim (2008)
  • Chair, Fellowship Committee, Mabelle McLeod Lewis (2008)
  • Fellowship Committee, Huntington-Dibner History of Science (2007 - 2010)
  • Reviewer, Mellon Bibliography Fellowship (2013)
  • Nominator and occasional reviewer, MacArthur Foundation
  • Occasional reviewer, NSF
  • External department or program reviews, Harvard
  • External department or program reviews, Notre Dame
  • External department or program reviews, Wesleyan
  • External department or program reviews, University of New Mexico
  • External department or program reviews, Emory

Program Affiliations


  • Feminist, Gender, and Sexuality Studies
  • Science, Technology and Society

Professional Education


  • B.A., Wellesley College, Medieval/Renaissance Studies (1984)
  • M.A., University of California, Berkeley, History (1985)
  • Exchange Scholar, The University of Chicago (1986)
  • Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley, History (1989)

2018-19 Courses


Stanford Advisees


All Publications


  • Early Modern Things: Objects and Their Histories Findlen, P. London: Routledge. 2013
  • Laura Bassi: A Passion for Physics Physics World Findlen, P. 2013
  • Early Modern Romans and Their Things The Taste for Things: A History of Objects in Seventeenth-Century Rome Findlen, P. University of Chicago Press. 2013: ix-xxxiii
  • Kircher's Cosmos The Nation Findlen, P. 2013
  • What Counts: Books, Articles, and Productivity Perspectives Findlen, P. 2013
  • Man of the Museum Times Literary Supplement Findlen, P. 2013
  • The Eighteenth-Century Invention of the Renaissance: Lessons from the Uffizi Renaissance Quarterly Findlen, P. 2013
  • Early Modern Things: Objects in Motion, 1500-1800 Early Modern Things: Objects and Their Histories, 1500 - 1800 Findlen, P. London: Routledge. 2013: 1–27
  • How Google Rediscovered the 19th Century The Chronicle of Higher Education Findlen, P. 2013
  • The Taste for Things: A History of Ofbjects in Seventeenth-Century Rome Findlen, P. University of Chicago Press. 2013
  • Science under inquisition: heresy and knowledge in Catholic reformation Rome. Isis; an international review devoted to the history of science and its cultural influences Findlen, P., Marcus, H. 2012; 103 (2): 376-382

    View details for PubMedID 22908427

  • Tra uomini. Laura Bassi all'Istituto delle Scienze (1732-78) Laura Bassi. Emblema e primate nella scienza del Settecento edited by Cifarelli, L., Simili, R. 2012: 71–88
  • Rethinking 1633: Writing the Life of Galileo after the Trial Nature Engaged: Science in Practice from the Renaissance to the Present edited by Biagioli, M., Riskin, J. London: Palgrave. 2012
  • The Books on the (Medieval and Renaissance) Shelf Stanford CMEMS Blog Findlen, P. 2012
  • Galileo's Credo The Nation Findlen, P. 2012
  • Agostino Scilla: A Baroque Painter in Pursuit of Science Science in the Age of the Baroque edited by Gal, O., Morris, R. C. Dordrecht: Springer. 2012: 119–159
  • The Rebirth of a Gallery: The Uffizi in the Eighteenth Century The First Modern Museums of Art: Eighteenth-Century Culture and the Formation of an Institution edited by Paul, C. 2012
  • Scissor Work The Nation Findlen, P. 2012
  • Jobs at the End of the (Academic) Road Stanford CMEMS Blog Findlen, P. 2011
  • The Museum: It's Classical Etymology and Renaissance Genealogy Museum Studies: An Anthology of Contexts Findlen, P. John Wiley & Sons. 2011
  • Before the Flood The Nation Findlen, P. 2011
  • Mio filosofo caro: Clelia Grillo Borromeo, Antonio Vallisneri and The Nature of Philosophical Friendship in Eighteenth-Century Italy Clelia Grillo Borromeo edited by Generali, D. 2010
  • The Enhancement of the Senses The Nation Findlen, P. 2010
  • Regress and Rhetoric at the Tuscan Court Experiment and Natural Philosophy in Seventeenth-Century Tuscany: The History of the Accademia del Cimento Beretta, M., Feingold, M., Boschiero, L., Findlen, P. 2010; 19: 1 - 24
  • Academies, Networks, and Projects: The Accademia del Cimento and Its Legacy Galileiana Findlen, P. 2010; 7: 277 - 298
  • Ludic Afterthoughts Ludi naturae- Spiele der Natur in Kunst und Wisssenschaft edited by Adamowsky, N., Boehme, H., Felfe, R. 2010
  • "Museums" and "Collecting" The Classical Tradition Grafton, A., Most, G., Settis, S. Harvard University Press. 2010
  • Calculations of Faith: Mathematics, Philosophy, and Sanctity in Eighteenth-Century Italy Historia mathematica Findlen, P. 2010
  • Living in the Shadow of Galileo: Antonio Baldigiani (1647-1711), a Jesuit Scientist in Seventeenth-Century Rome Conflicting Duties: Science, Medicine, and Religion in Rome edited by Donato, M. P., Kraye, J. 2010: 1550–1750
  • Gender and Culture in Eighteenth-Century Italy Italy's Eighteenth Century: Gender and Culture in the Age of the Grand Tour edited by Findlen, P., Roworth, W., Sama, C. Stanford University Press. 2009
  • Italy's Eighteenth Century: Gender and Culture in the Age of the Grand Tour edited by Sama, C., Roworth, W. Stanford University Press. 2009
  • Founding an Academy: Gender, Patronage, and Knowledge in Early Eighteenth-Century Milan Republics of Letters Findlen, P. 2009
  • The Anatomy of a Lesbian: Medicine, Pornography, and Culture in Eighteenth-Century Italy Italy's Eighteenth Century: Gender and Culture in the Age of the Grand Tour edited by Findlen, P., Roworth, W., Sama, C. Stanford University Press. 2009
  • De Asia alias Americas: las visions enciclopedicas de Athanasius Kircher y su recepcion 6rdenes religiosas entre America y Asia: Ideas para una historia misionera de los espacios coloniales Ambrosetti, E. C. 2008: 105–140
  • A Hungry Mind The Nation Findlen, P. 2008
  • A Tulip for a Cup of Tea? Commerce and Nature in the Dutch Golden Age Annals of Science Findlen, P. 2008; 66: 267 -276
  • The Sun at the Center of the World The Renaissance World Martin, J. New York: Routledge. 2007
  • "Athanasius Kircher" New Dictionary of Scientific Biography Koertge, N. Charles Scribner's & Sons. 2007
  • Letters of Recommendation: The Art and Science Perspectives Findlen, P. 2007
  • History of science: How buildings matter JOURNAL OF THE SOCIETY OF ARCHITECTURAL HISTORIANS Findlen, P. 2006; 65 (1): 7-8
  • "Copernicus," "Galileo," and "Kepler," World Book Encyclopedia Findlen, P. 2006
  • The two cultures of scholarship? ISIS Findlen, P. 2005; 96 (2): 230-237

    Abstract

    This essay examines different approaches to writing the history of science in light of the increased importance of microhistorical studies in the past two decades. It specifically examines the role of microhistory within the history of science and the importance of Thomas Kuhn's concept of the "normal exception" in early methodological statements about the function of microhistory. It also considers the possibilities for writing archivally based history of science for a general readership as a means of bridging the divide between specialized research within the subfields of the history of science and more general accounts of the nature and growth of science.

    View details for PubMedID 16170923

  • The Contest for Knowledge: Debates about Women's Education in Eighteenth-Century Italy Agnesi, M. G. edited by Messbarger, R. University of Chicago Press. 2005
  • An Artificial Nature: Anatomy Theaters, Botanical Gardens, and Natural History Collections The Cambridge History of Early Modern Science edited by Park, K., Daston, L. J. Cambridge University Press. 2005
  • Women on the Verge of Science: Aristocratic Women and Science in Early EighteenthCentury Italy Women, Equality and Enlightenment edited by Knott, S., Taylor, B. London: Palgrave Press. 2005: 265–287
  • Natural History The Cambridge History of Early Modern Science edited by Park, K., Daston, L. J. Cambridge University Press. 2005
  • The Market and the World: Science, Culture, and Collecting in the Venetian Republic II collezionismo a Venezia e nel Veneto ai tempi della Serenissima edited by Aikema, B., Lauber, R., Seidel, M. 2005: 55–68
  • The Museum: It's Classical Etymology and Renaissance Genealogy Grasping the World: The Idea of the Museum edited by Carbonell, B. Ashgate Publishing. 2004
  • Ereditare un museo. Collezionismo, strategie familiari e pratiche culturali nel Cinquecento Quaderni storz'c Findlen, P. 2004; 115: 45 - 81
  • A Jesuit's Books in the New World: Athanasius Kircher and His American Readers Athanasius Kircher: The Last Man Who Knew Everything Findlen, P. New York: Routledge. 2004: 329–364
  • "Academies," "Pornography," "Ulisse Aldrovandi," "Athanasius Kircher" and "Laura Bassi," Encyclopedia of Early Modern Europe edited by Dewald, J. Charles Scribner's Sons. 2004
  • The Last Man Who Knew Everything ... or Did He? The Last Man Who Knew Everything edited by Findlen, P. New York: Routledge. 2004: 1–48
  • Athanasius Kircher: The Last Man Who Knew Everything Findlen, P. New York: Routledge. 2004
  • Science, Art, and Knowledge in Seventeenth-Century Rome: New Work on the Accademia dei Lincei (1603-30) Metascience Findlen, P. 2004; 13: 275 - 302
  • Becoming a scientist: Gender and knowledge in eighteenth-century Italy SCIENCE IN CONTEXT Findlen, P. 2003; 16 (1-2): 59-87
  • Beyond Florence: The Contours of Medieval and Early Modern Italy edited by Fontaine, M., Osheim, D. Stanford University Press. 2003
  • The Museum: It's Classical Etymology and Renaissance Genealogy Museum Studies: An Anthology of Contexts edited by Preziosi, D., Farago, C. Blackwell. 2003: 23–50
  • The Scientist's Body: The Nature of a Woman Philosopher in Enlightenment Italy The Faces of Nature in Enlightenment Europe edited by Pomata, G., Daston, L. 2003: 211–236
  • Merchants and marvels: Commerce, science, and art in early modern Europe. (Book Review) TECHNOLOGY AND CULTURE Book Review Authored by: Reynard, P. C. 2002; 43 (3): 591-593
  • Commerce and the Representation of Nature in Art and Science Merchants and Marvels: Commerce, Science, and Art in Early Modern Europe edited by Smith, P. H., Findlen, P. New York: Routledge. 2002
  • Science and Society Early Modern Italy Findlen, P. Oxford University Press. 2002: 166–187
  • The Renaissance in the Museum The Italian Renaissance in the Twentieth Century edited by Grieco, A., Rocke, M., Superbi, F. 2002: 93–116
  • The Italian Renaissance: Essential Readings Paula, F. 2002
  • Scientific Spectacle in Baroque Rome: Athanasius Kircher and the Roman College Museum The Jesuits and the Scientific Revolution edited by Feingold, M. MIT Press. 2002: 225–284
  • Inventing Nature: Commerce, Science, and Art in the Early Modern Cabinet of Curiosities Merchants and Marvels: Commerce, Science, and Art in Early Modern Europe edited by Smith, P. H., Findlen, P. New York: Routledge. 2002: 297–323
  • Understanding the Italian Renaissance The Italian Renaissance: Essential Readings edited by Findlen, P. 2002: 4–45
  • In and Out of Florence Beyond Florence: The Contours of Medieval and Early Modern Italy edited by Findlen, P., Fontaine, M., Osheim, D. Stanford University Press. 2002: 13–28
  • Ideas in the Mind: Gender and Knowledge in the Seventeenth Century Hypatia Findlen, P. 2002; 17: 183 - 196
  • Historical Thought in the Renaissance Companion to Historical Thought edited by Kramer, L., Maza, S. 2001: 99–120
  • Il Museo: la sua etimologia classica e genealogia rinascimentale 'vista di estetica Findlen, P. 2001; 16: 4 - 30
  • Science, History, and Erudition: Athanasius Kircher's Museum at the Collegia Romano The Great Art of Knowing: The Athanasius Kircher Collection at Stanford University Findlen, P. 2001: 17–26
  • Un'incontro con Kircher aRoma S.J. II Musco del mondo edited by Kircher, A. 2001: 39–48
  • Building the House of Knowledge: The Structures of Thought in Late Renaissance Europe The Structure of Knowledge: Classifications of Science and Learning since the Renaissance edited by Frangsmyr, T. Science History Publications. 2001: 5–51
  • Foreward The Scientific Revolution Findlen, P. 2001
  • Towards a New Kind of Scientist Storia della scienza edited by Petruccioli, S. 2001
  • Surveying the history of science ISIS Findlen, P. 2000; 91 (1): 117-120
  • The Janus Faces of Science in the Seventeenth Century: Athanasius Kircher and Isaac Newton Rethinking the Scientific Revolution edited by Osler, M. Cambridge University Press. 2000: 221–246
  • "Academies," "Museums," "Pornography," "Women and Science," Encyclopedia of the Renaissance edited by Grendler, P. Charles Scibner's Sons. 2000
  • Mr. Murray's Cabinet of Wonder Museums, Their History and Their Use Findlen, P. Pober Publishing. 2000: i-xvii
  • The Modern Muses: Collecting and the Cult of Remembrance in Renaissance Italy Museums and Memory edited by Crane, S. Stanford University Press. 2000: 161–178,240–244
  • "Ulisse Aldrovandi," "Athanasius Kircher," "Francesco Redi," and "Museums and Collecting" Enryclopedia of the Scientific Revolution edited by Applebaum, W. New York: Garland Press. 2000
  • A Site of Encounter: The Emergence of the Science Museum Science and Power Findlen, P. 2000
  • A Forgotten Newtonian: Women and Science in the Italian Provinces The Sciences in Enlightenment Europe edited by Clark, W., Golinski, J., Schaffer, S. University of Chicago Press. 1999: 313–349
  • The Formation of a Scientific Community: Natural History in Sixteenth-Century Italy Natural Particulars: Renaissance Natural Philosophy and the Disciplines edited by Grafton, A., Siraisi, N. (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. 1999: 369–400
  • Scientific Publishing in the Seventeenth Century Scientific Books, Libraries and Readers Nummedal, T. London: Scolar Press. 1999: 164–215
  • Masculine Prerogatives: Gender, Space and Knowledge in the Early Modern Museum The Architecture of Science edited by Galison, P., Thompson, E. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. 1999: 29–57
  • Science as a Career in Enlightenment Italy: The Strategies of Laura Bassi (1711-1778) History of Women in the Sciences Findlen, P. University of Chicago Press. 1999
  • Between carnival and Lent: The Scientific Revolution at the margins of culture CONFIGURATIONS Findlen, P. 1998; 6 (2): 243-267

    View details for Web of Science ID 000073530500007

    View details for PubMedID 11619985

  • Possessing the past: The material world of the Italian Renaissance AMERICAN HISTORICAL REVIEW Findlen, P. 1998; 103 (1): 83-114
  • Introduction: The persistence of the Renaissance AMERICAN HISTORICAL REVIEW Findlen, P., Gouwens, K. 1998; 103 (1): 51-54
  • Les cabinets du monde ou le triomphe de l'empiricisme Les Cahiers de science et vie Findlen, P. 1998: 82 - 89
  • Francis Bacon and the Reform of Natural History in the Seventeenth Century History and the Disciplines: The Reclassification of Knowledge in Ear!J Modern Europe Findlen, P. University of Rochester Press. 1997: 239–260
  • La nascita della civilta scientifica, o !a storia sociale della verita Quaderni storici Findlen, P. 1997
  • II nuovo Columbo: Conoscenza e ignoto nell'Europa del Rinascimento La rappresentazione letteraria de//'alteritd nel Cinquecento edited by Bolzoni, L., Zatti, S. 1997
  • Possedere la natura Stanze delle meraviglie. I musei della natura tra storia e progetto Peressut, L. B. 1997: 25–48
  • Cabinets, Collecting and Natural Philosophy Rudolf !I and Prague: The Imperial Court and Residential City as the Cultural and Spiritual Heart of Central Europe Findlen, P. 1997: 209–219
  • Science Encyclopedia of the Reformation edited by Hillerbrand, H. J. Oxford University Press. 1996: 24–28
  • Die Okonomie des Wissenschaftlichen Austauschs im friihmodernen Italien Economy of Scientific Exchange Findlen, P. 1996: 43 - 52
  • A World of Wonders in One Closet Shut: The Natural History of Museums Findlen, P. 1996: 42 - 49
  • TRANSLATING THE NEW SCIENCE - WOMEN AND THE CIRCULATION OF KNOWLEDGE IN ENLIGHTENMENT ITALY CONFIGURATIONS Findlen, P. 1995; 3 (2): 167-206
  • Scientific Spectacle in Baroque Rome: Athanasius Kircher and the Roman College Museum Roma moderna e contemporanea 3 Findlen, P. 1995: 625 - 665
  • Courting Nature Cultures of Natural History edited by Jardine, N., Second, J., Spary, E. Cambridge University Press. 1995: 57–75
  • Containment: Objects, Places, Museums Thresholds Findlen, P. 1995; 11: 3 - 9
  • Possessing Nature: Museums, Collecting and Scientiftc Culture in Early Modern Italy edited by Septien, V. T. University of California Press. 1994
  • Die Zeit vor dem Laboratorium: Das Museum und der Bereich der Wissenschaft 1550- 1700 Macrocosmos in Microcosmo: Die Welt in der Stube. Zur Geschichte des Sammelns Findlen, P. Opladen. 1994: 191–207
  • Humanism, Politics and Pornography in Renaissance Italy The Invention of Pornography edited by Hunt, L. (New York: Zone Books. 1993: 49–108
  • Controlling the Experiment: Rhetoric, Court Patronage and the Experimental Method of Francesco Redi History of Science Findlen, P. 1993; 31: 35 - 64
  • Science as a Career in Enlightenment Italy: The Strategies of Laura Bassi (1711-1778) Isis Findlen, P. 1993; 83: 441 - 469
  • From Aldrovandi to Algarotti: the contours of science in early modern Italy. British journal for the history of science Findlen, P. 1991; 24 (82): 353-360

    View details for PubMedID 11622945

  • ESSAY REVIEW - GENDER AND THE SCIENTIFIC CIVILIZING PROCESS JOURNAL OF THE HISTORY OF BIOLOGY Findlen, P. 1991; 24 (2): 331-338

    View details for Web of Science ID A1991FZ87900007

    View details for PubMedID 11612556

  • The Economy of Scientific Exchange in Early Modern Italy Patronage and Institutions Moran, B. 1991: 5 - 24
  • JOKES OF NATURE AND JOKES OF KNOWLEDGE - THE PLAYFULNESS OF SCIENTIFIC DISCOURSE IN EARLY-MODERN EUROPE RENAISSANCE QUARTERLY Findlen, P. 1990; 43 (2): 292-331

    View details for Web of Science ID A1990DW58100002

    View details for PubMedID 11620275

  • Quanto scherzevole la natura' La scienza che gioca dal Rinascimento all'Illuminismo Findlen, P. 1990: 413 - 436
  • "Empty Signs? Reading the Book of Nature in Renaissance Science Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science Findlen, P. 1990; 21: 511 - 518
  • The Museum: Its Classical Etymology and Renaissance Genealogy Journal of the History of Collections Carbonell, B. M. 1989: 59 - 78