All Publications

  • Hematopoiesis post anti-CD117 monoclonal antibody treatment in wild-type and Fanconi anemia settings. Haematologica Denis, M., Swartzrock, L., Willner, H., Bubb, Q. R., Haslett, E., Chan, Y. Y., Chen, A., Krampf, M. R., Czechowicz, A. D. 2024


    Anti-CD117 monoclonal antibody (mAb) agents have emerged as exciting alternative conditioning strategies to traditional genotoxic irradiation or chemotherapy conditioning for both allogeneic and autologous gene-modified hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Further, these agents are concurrently being explored in the treatment of mast cell disorders. Despite promising results in animal models and more recently in patients, the short-term and long-term effects of these treatments have not been fully explored. We conducted rigorous assessments to evaluate the effects of antagonistic anti-mCD117 mAb, ACK2, on hematopoiesis in wild-type (WT) and Fanconi Anemia (FA) mice. Importantly, we found no evidence of short-term DNA damage in either setting following this treatment suggesting that ACK2 does not induce immediate genotoxicity, providing crucial insights into its safety profile. Surprisingly, FA mice exhibited an increase in colony formation post-ACK2 treatment without accompanying DNA damage, indicating a potential targeting of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and expansion of hematopoietic progenitor cells. Moreover, the long-term phenotypic and functional changes in hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells did not significantly differ between the ACK2-treated and control groups, in either setting, supporting that ACK2 does not adversely affect hematopoietic capacity. These finding underscore the safety of these agents when utilized as a short-course treatment in the conditioning context, as they did not induce significant changes in DNA damage amongst hematopoietic stem or progenitor cells. However, through a comparison of gene expression via single-cell RNA sequencing between untreated and treated mice, it was revealed that the ACK2 mAb, via c-Kit downregulation, effectively modulated the MAPK pathway with Fos down-regulation in WT and FA mice. Importantly, this modulation was achieved without causing prolonged disruptions. These findings validate the safety of the treatment and also enhance our understanding of its intricate mode of action at the molecular level.

    View details for DOI 10.3324/haematol.2023.284275

    View details for PubMedID 38572555

  • Folding and binding pathways of BH3-only proteins are encoded within their intrinsically disordered sequence, not templated by partner proteins JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY Crabtree, M. D., Mendonca, C. F., Bubb, Q. R., Clarke, J. 2018; 293 (25): 9718–23


    Intrinsically disordered regions are present in one-third of eukaryotic proteins and are overrepresented in cellular processes such as signaling, suggesting that intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) may have a functional advantage over folded proteins. Upon interacting with a partner macromolecule, a subset of IDPs can fold and bind to form a well-defined three-dimensional conformation. For example, disordered BH3-only proteins bind promiscuously to a large number of homologous BCL-2 family proteins, where they fold to a helical structure in a groove on the BCL-2-like protein surface. As two protein chains are involved in the folding reaction, and the structure is only formed in the presence of the partner macromolecule, this raises the question of where the folding information is encoded. Here, we examine these coupled folding and binding reactions to determine which component determines the folding and binding pathway. Using Φ value analysis to compare transition state interactions between the disordered BH3-only proteins PUMA and BID and the folded BCL-2-like proteins A1 and MCL-1, we found that, even though the BH3-only protein is disordered in isolation and requires a stabilizing partner to fold, its folding and binding pathway is encoded in the IDP itself; the reaction is not templated by the folded partner. We suggest that, by encoding both its transition state and level of residual structure, an IDP can evolve a specific kinetic profile, which could be a crucial functional advantage of disorder.

    View details for DOI 10.1074/jbc.RA118.002791

    View details for Web of Science ID 000436102300016

    View details for PubMedID 29716994

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC6016464