Becky is a fellowship-trained Pediatric Hospitalist, who enjoys working at both a tertiary center and a community hospital, California Pacific Medical Center, within the Stanford network. Her roles include direct clinical care, LPCH resident rotation director for the nighttime rotation and surgical co-management rotations, community hospital medical education director for pediatrics (medical students and fellows), clinical research, and local quality improvement projects.
- Pediatric Hospital Medicine
Clinical Associate Professor, Pediatrics
Fellowship: UCSD Pediatric Hospital Medicine (2016) CA
Board Certification: American Board of Pediatrics, Pediatric Hospital Medicine (2019)
Medical Education: University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine (2009) CA
Residency: Children's Hospital and Research Center Oakland Pediatric Residency (2012) CA
Board Certification: American Board of Pediatrics, Pediatrics (2012)
Teachers and Teaching
Current Research and Scholarly Interests
Medical Education Projects
- Needs assessment and curriculum design studying what gaps exist in PHM Fellowship education in Community Hospital Medicine
- Stanford site lead; Using PHIS database to develop algorithm for studying MIS-C; multi-center study led by Auger, Brady, Shah et. al.
Epidemiology and Severity of Illness of MIS-C and Kawasaki Disease During the COVID-19 Pandemic.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) is a novel, severe condition following severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection. Large epidemiologic studies comparing MIS-C to Kawasaki disease (KD) and evaluating the evolving epidemiology of MIS-C over time are lacking. We sought to understand the illness severity of MIS-C compared with KD and evaluate changes in MIS-C illness severity over time during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic compared with KD.METHODS: We included hospitalizations of children with MIS-C and KD from April 2020 to May 2022 from the Pediatric Health Information System administrative database. Our primary outcome measure was the presence of shock, defined as the use of vasoactive/inotropic cardiac support or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. We examined the volume of MIS-C and KD hospitalizations and the proportion of hospitalizations with shock over time using 2-week intervals. We compared the proportion of hospitalizations with shock in MIS-C and KD patients over time using generalized estimating equations adjusting for hospital clustering and age, with time as a fixed effect.RESULTS: We identified 4868 hospitalizations for MIS-C and 2387 hospitalizations for KD. There was a higher proportion of hospitalizations with shock in MIS-C compared with KD (38.7% vs 5.1%). In our models with time as a fixed effect, we observed a significant decrease in the odds of shock over time in MIS-C patients (odds ratio 0.98, P < .001) but not in KD patients (odds ratio 1.00, P = .062).CONCLUSIONS: We provide further evidence that MIS-C is a distinct condition from KD. MIS-C was a source of lower morbidity as the pandemic progressed.
View details for DOI 10.1542/peds.2023-062101
View details for PubMedID 37791428
Identifying and Validating Pediatric Hospitalizations for MIS-C Through Administrative Data.
BACKGROUND: Individual children's hospitals care for a small number of patients with multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C). Administrative databases offer an opportunity to conduct generalizable research; however, identifying patients with MIS-C is challenging.METHODS: We developed and validated algorithms to identify MIS-C hospitalizations in administrative databases. We developed 10 approaches using diagnostic codes and medication billing data and applied them to the Pediatric Health Information System from January 2020 to August 2021. We reviewed medical records at 7 geographically diverse hospitals to compare potential cases of MIS-C identified by algorithms to each participating hospital's list of patients with MIS-C (used for public health reporting).RESULTS: The sites had 245 hospitalizations for MIS-C in 2020 and 358 additional MIS-C hospitalizations through August 2021. One algorithm for the identification of cases in 2020 had a sensitivity of 82%, a low false positive rate of 22%, and a positive predictive value (PPV) of 78%. For hospitalizations in 2021, the sensitivity of the MIS-C diagnosis code was 98% with 84% PPV.CONCLUSION: We developed high-sensitivity algorithms to use for epidemiologic research and high-PPV algorithms for comparative effectiveness research. Accurate algorithms to identify MIS-C hospitalizations can facilitate important research for understanding this novel entity as it evolves during new waves.
View details for DOI 10.1542/peds.2022-059872
View details for PubMedID 37102310
- Sepsis Caring for the Hospitalized Child: Handbook of Inpatient Pediatrics AAP. 2023; 3rd: 503-512
Imperative Instruction for Pressurized Metered-Dose Inhalers: Provider Perspectives
2019; 64 (3): 292–98
Reports show that many patients do not use their pressurized metered-dose inhalers (pMDIs) effectively. The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute recommends that health-care providers educate and assess patients' pMDI technique at each opportunity. However, limited data exist regarding how often pediatric primary care providers perform assessments and which methods they use. We sought to (1) identify instructional methods used to teach pMDI use, (2) describe how pMDI use is reassessed at follow-up visits, and (3) describe primary care provider attitudes and barriers to in-office pMDI instruction.A 34-item electronic survey was distributed from August to December 2016 via E-mail to local pediatric primary care providers. Descriptive statistics were used for analysis.Sixty two of 223 potential primary care providers (28%) responded. Physicians and nurse practitioners were identified most often as the providers of pMDI education (53%). When first prescribing a pMDI, only 10% reported having the patient practice inhaler use in the office and receive feedback. Only 19% "always" reassessed the technique, even for patients with poorly controlled asthma. Among those who reassessed the technique, most (76%) did so verbally, and only 42% asked the patients to demonstrate pMDI use. Only 32% reported that typical patient education in their setting was adequate to ensure proper pMDI use. Commonly cited barriers included time (84%) and access to demo pMDIs (67%). Provider solutions included video tutorials and access to demo inhalers.Many pediatric primary care providers did not demonstrate or have patients practice pMDI use when teaching or assessing pMDI technique, and the reassessment rate was low even for patients with poorly controlled asthma. Identifying and training a consistent pMDI educator and obtaining demo pMDIs may abate some barriers. Respiratory therapists could appropriately fulfill this educator role. Brief, repeated pMDI practice for motor learning could promote more stable pMDI mastery.
View details for PubMedID 30254041
- Sepsis Caring for the Hospitalized Child: A Handbook of Inpatient Pediatrics edited by Gershel, J., Rauch, D. A. 2017; 2nd: 439–446
Somatosensory stimulation enhances the effects of training functional hand tasks in patients with chronic stroke.
Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation
2007; 88 (11): 1369-76
To test the hypothesis that somatosensory stimulation would enhance the effects of training functional hand tasks immediately after practice and 1 day later in chronic subcortical stroke patients.Single-blinded and randomized, crossover study.Human research laboratory.Nine chronic subcortical stroke patients.Three separate sessions of motor training preceded by (1) synchronous peripheral nerve stimulation (PNS), (2) no stimulation, or (3) asynchronous PNS.Time to complete the Jebsen-Taylor Hand Function Test (JTHFT time) and corticomotor excitability tested with transcranial magnetic stimulation.After familiarization practice, during which all patients reached a performance plateau, training under the effects of PNS reduced JTHFT time by 10% beyond the post-familiarization plateau. This behavioral gain was accompanied by a specific reduction in GABAergically mediated intracortical inhibition in the motor cortex. These findings were not observed after similar practice under the influence of no stimulation or asynchronous PNS sessions.Somatosensory stimulation may enhance the training of functional hand tasks in patients with chronic stroke, possibly through modulation of intracortical GABAergic pathways.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.apmr.2007.08.001
View details for PubMedID 17964875