Education & Certifications

  • B.Tech, IIT Bombay, Engineering Physics with Honors and minor in Computer Science (2018)

All Publications

  • Torsional force microscopy of van der Waals moirés and atomic lattices. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America Pendharkar, M., Tran, S. J., Zaborski, G., Finney, J., Sharpe, A. L., Kamat, R. V., Kalantre, S. S., Hocking, M., Bittner, N. J., Watanabe, K., Taniguchi, T., Pittenger, B., Newcomb, C. J., Kastner, M. A., Mannix, A. J., Goldhaber-Gordon, D. 2024; 121 (10): e2314083121


    In a stack of atomically thin van der Waals layers, introducing interlayer twist creates a moiré superlattice whose period is a function of twist angle. Changes in that twist angle of even hundredths of a degree can dramatically transform the system's electronic properties. Setting a precise and uniform twist angle for a stack remains difficult; hence, determining that twist angle and mapping its spatial variation is very important. Techniques have emerged to do this by imaging the moiré, but most of these require sophisticated infrastructure, time-consuming sample preparation beyond stack synthesis, or both. In this work, we show that torsional force microscopy (TFM), a scanning probe technique sensitive to dynamic friction, can reveal surface and shallow subsurface structure of van der Waals stacks on multiple length scales: the moirés formed between bi-layers of graphene and between graphene and hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) and also the atomic crystal lattices of graphene and hBN. In TFM, torsional motion of an Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) cantilever is monitored as it is actively driven at a torsional resonance while a feedback loop maintains contact at a set force with the sample surface. TFM works at room temperature in air, with no need for an electrical bias between the tip and the sample, making it applicable to a wide array of samples. It should enable determination of precise structural information including twist angles and strain in moiré superlattices and crystallographic orientation of van der Waals flakes to support predictable moiré heterostructure fabrication.

    View details for DOI 10.1073/pnas.2314083121

    View details for PubMedID 38427599

  • Toward Robust Autotuning of Noisy Quantum dot Devices PHYSICAL REVIEW APPLIED Ziegler, J., McJunkin, T., Joseph, E. S., Kalantre, S. S., Harpt, B., Savage, D. E., Lagally, M. G., Eriksson, M. A., Taylor, J. M., Zwolak, J. P. 2022; 17 (2)
  • Josephson detection of time-reversal symmetry broken superconductivity in SnTe nanowires NPJ QUANTUM MATERIALS Trimble, C. J., Wei, M. T., Yuan, N. Q., Kalantre, S. S., Liu, P., Han, H., Han, M., Zhu, Y., Cha, J. J., Fu, L., Williams, J. R. 2021; 6 (1)
  • Ray-Based Framework for State Identification in Quantum Dot Devices PRX QUANTUM Zwolak, J. P., McJunkin, T., Kalantre, S. S., Neyens, S. F., MacQuarrie, E. R., Eriksson, M. A., Taylor, J. M. 2021; 2 (2)
  • Anomalous phase dynamics of driven graphene Josephson junctions PHYSICAL REVIEW RESEARCH Kalantre, S. S., Yu, F., Wei, M. T., Watanabe, K., Taniguchi, T., Hernandez-Rivera, M., Amet, F., Williams, J. R. 2020; 2 (2)
  • Autotuning of Double-Dot Devices In Situ with Machine Learning PHYSICAL REVIEW APPLIED Zwolak, J. P., McJunkin, T., Kalantre, S. S., Dodson, J. P., MacQuarrie, E. R., Savage, D. E., Lagally, M. G., Coppersmith, S. N., Eriksson, M. A., Taylor, J. M. 2020; 13 (3)


    The current practice of manually tuning quantum dots (QDs) for qubit operation is a relatively time-consuming procedure that is inherently impractical for scaling up and applications. In this work, we report on the in situ implementation of a recently proposed autotuning protocol that combines machine learning (ML) with an optimization routine to navigate the parameter space. In particular, we show that a ML algorithm trained using exclusively simulated data to quantitatively classify the state of a double-QD device can be used to replace human heuristics in the tuning of gate voltages in real devices. We demonstrate active feedback of a functional double-dot device operated at millikelvin temperatures and discuss success rates as a function of the initial conditions and the device performance. Modifications to the training network, fitness function, and optimizer are discussed as a path toward further improvement in the success rate when starting both near and far detuned from the target double-dot range.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevApplied.13.034075

    View details for Web of Science ID 000522555700002

    View details for PubMedID 33304939

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC7724994

  • Supercurrent interference in semiconductor nanowire Josephson junctions PHYSICAL REVIEW B Sriram, P., Kalantre, S. S., Gharavi, K., Baugh, J., Muralidharan, B. 2019; 100 (15)
  • Machine learning techniques for state recognition and auto-tuning in quantum dots NPJ QUANTUM INFORMATION Kalantre, S. S., Zwolak, J. P., Ragole, S., Wu, X., Zimmerman, N. M., Stewart, M. D., Taylor, J. M. 2019; 5