Bio


Shanto Iyengar holds the Chandler Chair in Communication at Stanford University where he is also Professor of Political Science and Director of the Political Communication Laboratory. Iyengar’s areas of expertise include the role of mass media in democratic societies, public opinion, and political psychology. Iyengar’s research has been supported by grants from the National Science Foundation, the National Institutes of Health, the Ford Foundation, the Pew Charitable Trusts, and the Hewlett Foundation. He is the recipient of several professional awards including the Philip Converse Award of the American Political Science Association for the best book in the field of public opinion, the Murray Edelman Lifetime Achievement Award, and the Goldsmith Book Prize from Harvard University. Iyengar is author or co-author of several books, including News That Matters (University of Chicago Press, 1987), Is Anyone Responsible? (University of Chicago Press, 1991), Explorations in Political Psychology (Duke University Press, 1995), Going Negative (Free Press, 1995), and Media Politics: A Citizen’s Guide (Norton, 2011).

Academic Appointments


Administrative Appointments


  • Visiting Distinguished Fellow, Sage Center for the Study of the Mind, University of California - Santa Barbara (2007 - 2007)

Honors & Awards


  • Goldsmith Book Award, Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University (1996)
  • Murray Edelman Lifetime Achievement Award, American Political Science Association (1999)
  • Philip Converse Book Award, American Political Science Association (2004)
  • Distinguished Alumni Award, University of Iowa (2006)
  • Book Award, American Association for Public Opinion Research (2009)

Boards, Advisory Committees, Professional Organizations


  • Editor, Political Communication (2007 - Present)
  • President, Experimental Research Section, American Political Science Association (2012 - 2012)

2017-18 Courses


Stanford Advisees


All Publications


  • Sources in the News: A Comparative Study Journalism Studies Iyengar, S., et al 2014; 15 (4): 374-391
  • Auntie Knows Best? Public Broadcasters and Current Affairs Knowledge BRITISH JOURNAL OF POLITICAL SCIENCE Soroka, S., Andrew, B., Aalberg, T., Iyengar, S., Curran, J., Coen, S., Hayashi, K., Jones, P., Mazzoleni, G., Rhee, J. W., Rowe, D., Tiffen, R. 2013; 43: 719-739
  • DO ATTITUDES ABOUT IMMIGRATION PREDICT WILLINGNESS TO ADMIT INDIVIDUAL IMMIGRANTS? A CROSS-NATIONAL TEST OF THE PERSON-POSITIVITY BIAS PUBLIC OPINION QUARTERLY Iyengar, S., Jackman, S., Messing, S., Valentino, N., Aalberg, T., Duch, R., Hahn, K. S., Soroka, S., Harell, A., Kobayashi, T. 2013; 77 (3): 641-665

    View details for DOI 10.1093/poq/nft024

    View details for Web of Science ID 000326187900001

  • INTERNATIONAL TV NEWS, FOREIGN AFFAIRS INTEREST AND PUBLIC KNOWLEDGE: A comparative study of foreign news coverage and public opinion in 11 countries JOURNALISM STUDIES Aalberg, T., Papathanassopoulos, S., Soroka, S., Curran, J., Hayashi, K., Iyengar, S., Jones, P. K., Mazzoleni, G., Rojas, H., Rowe, D., Tiffen, R. 2013; 14 (3): 387-406
  • AFFECT, NOT IDEOLOGY A SOCIAL IDENTITY PERSPECTIVE ON POLARIZATION PUBLIC OPINION QUARTERLY Iyengar, S., Sood, G., Lelkes, Y. 2012; 76 (3): 405-431

    View details for DOI 10.1093/poq/nfs038

    View details for Web of Science ID 000309684100001

  • The Impact of Economic and Cultural Cues on Support for Immigration in Canada and the United States CANADIAN JOURNAL OF POLITICAL SCIENCE-REVUE CANADIENNE DE SCIENCE POLITIQUE Harell, A., Soroka, S., Iyengar, S., Valentino, N. 2012; 45 (3): 499-530
  • Who is a 'Deserving' Immigrant? An Experimental Study of Norwegian Attitudes SCANDINAVIAN POLITICAL STUDIES Aalberg, T., Iyengar, S., Messing, S. 2012; 35 (2): 97-116
  • The state of framing research: A call for new directions Oxford Handbook of Political Communication Sheufele, D., Iyengar, S. edited by Jamieson, K., Kenski, K. Oxford University Press. 2012
  • A typology of media effects Oxford Handbook of Political Communication Iyengar, S. edited by Jamieson, K., Kenski, K. Oxford University Press. 2012
  • The state of media effects research Media and Society Iyengar, S. edited by Curran, J. Bloomsbury Academic Press. 2011
  • Does knowledge of hard news go with knowledge of soft news How Media Inform Democracy Iyengar, S., Hahn, K., Aelst, P. V., Curran, J. edited by Aalberg, T., Curran, J. Routledge. 2011
  • News Content, Media Consumption, and Current Affairs Knowledge How Media Inform Democracy Curran, J., Coen, S., Iyengar, S. edited by Aalberg, T., Curran, J. Routledge. 2011: 81–97
  • Online panels and the future of political communication research Handbook of Political Communication Research Iyengar, S., Vavreck, L. edited by Semetko, H., Scammell, M. Sage Publishers. 2011
  • Attacks make a better sales campaign The Australian Iyengar, S. 2011
  • Media Politics: A Citizen's Guide Iyengar, S. W.W. Norton. 2011
  • The future of political communication research: Online panels and experimentation Oxford Handbook of Public Opinion and Media Research Vavreck, L., Iyengar, S. edited by Shapiro, R., Jacobs, L. Oxford University Press. 2011
  • Laboratory experiments in political science Handbook of Experimentation in Political Science Druckman, J. N., et al Cambridge University Press. 2011
  • Experimental designs for political communication research: From shopping malls to the Internet Sourcebook for Political Communication Research: Methods, Measures, and Analytical Techniques Iyengar, S. edited by Bucy, E. P., Holbert, R. L. Routledge. 2010
  • Cross‐National versus Individual‐Level Differences in Political Information: A Media Systems Perspective Journal of Elections, Public Opinion, and Parties Iyengar, S., Curran, J., Lund, A. B., Salovaara-Moring, I., Hahn, K. S., Coen, S. 2010; 20 (3): 291-309
  • Absence of diversity: Market-based journalism, vote-seeking candidates, and racial cues in broadcast media programming Race and Culture in the 21st Century Iyengar, S., Markus, H., Moya, P. W. W. Norton. 2010
  • "Dark Areas of Ignorance" Revisited Comparing International Affairs Knowledge in Switzerland and the United States COMMUNICATION RESEARCH Iyengar, S., Hahn, K. S., Bonfadelli, H., Marr, M. 2009; 36 (3): 341-358
  • Red Media, Blue Media: Evidence of Ideological Selectivity in Media Use JOURNAL OF COMMUNICATION Iyengar, S., Hahn, K. S. 2009; 59 (1): 19-U6
  • Media System, Public Knowledge and Democracy A Comparative Study EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF COMMUNICATION Curran, J., Iyengar, S., Lund, A. B., Salovaara-Moring, I. 2009; 24 (1): 5-26
  • A New Era of Minimal Effects? The Changing Foundations of Political Communication JOURNAL OF COMMUNICATION Bennett, W. L., Iyengar, S. 2008; 58 (4): 707-731
  • FACIAL SIMILARITY BETWEEN VOTERS AND CANDIDATES CAUSES INFLUENCE PUBLIC OPINION QUARTERLY Bailenson, J. N., Iyengar, S., Yee, N., Collins, N. A. 2008; 72 (5): 935-961

    View details for DOI 10.1093/poq/nfn054

    View details for Web of Science ID 000263833700007

  • Selective exposure to campaign communication: The role of anticipated agreement and issue public membership JOURNAL OF POLITICS Iyengar, S., Hahn, K. S., Krosnick, J. A., Walker, J. 2008; 70 (1): 186-200
  • History versus media management as determinants of presidential popularity La Présidence Impériale. De Franklin D. Roosevelt à George W. Bush Iyengar, S., Hahn, K. edited by Lacorne, D., Vasse, J. Odile Jacob. 2007
  • Transformed facial similarity as a political cue: A preliminary investigation POLITICAL PSYCHOLOGY Bailenson, J. N., Garland, P., Iyengar, S., Yee, N. 2006; 27 (3): 373-385
  • Political persuasion in the era of mass media Persuasion: Psychological Insights and Perspectives Iyengar, S., McGrady, J. edited by Brock, T., Green, M. Sage Publications. 2005
  • Super-predators or victims of societal neglect? Framing effects in juvenile crime coverage Framing American Politics Iyengar, S., Gilliam, F. edited by Callaghan, K., Schnell, F. University of Pittsburgh. 2005
  • Looking behind the scenes of political coverage Nieman Reports Iyengar, S., McGrady, J., Woo, W. 2005: 85-89
  • Speaking of values: The framing of American politics The Berkeley Electronic Forum Iyengar, S. 2005: 1-7
  • Consumer demand for election news: The horserace sells JOURNAL OF POLITICS Iyengar, S., Norpoth, H., Hahn, K. S. 2004; 66 (1): 157-175
  • Engineering consent: The renaissance of mass communications research in politics The Yin and Yang of Social Cognition: Perspectives on the Social Psychology of Thought Systems Iyengar, S. edited by Jost, J. T., Banaji, M. R., Prentice, D. American Psychological Association. 2004
  • Giving advertising a bad name? The effect of political ads on commercial advertising Understanding Public Opinion Iyengar, S., Prior, M. edited by Norrander, B., Wilcox, C. CQ Press. 2003
  • The effects of media-based campaigns on candidate and voter behavior: Implications for judicial elections Indiana Law Review Iyengar, S. 2002: 691-699
  • The method is the message: The current state of political communication research 50th Annual Meeting of the International-Communication-Association Iyengar, S. TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC. 2001: 225–29
  • The stealth campaign: Experimental studies of slate mail in California Journal of Law and Politics Iyengar, S., Lowenstein, D., Masket, S. 2001: 295-332
  • Prime suspects: The influence of local television news on the viewing public AMERICAN JOURNAL OF POLITICAL SCIENCE Gilliam, F. D., Iyengar, S. 2000; 44 (3): 560-573
  • New perspectives and evidence on political communication and campaign effects ANNUAL REVIEW OF PSYCHOLOGY Iyengar, S., Simon, A. F. 2000; 51: 149-169

    Abstract

    We review recent empirical evidence that shows political campaigns are more potent than widely believed, focusing on the conceptual and methodological advances that have produced these findings. Conceptually, a broader definition of effects--that includes learning and agenda-control, as well as vote choice--characterizes contemporary research. This research also features two kinds of interactive models that are more complex than the traditional hypodermic (message-based) approach. The resonance model considers the relationship between message content and receivers' predispositions, while the strategic model highlights the interactions between competing messages. Finally, we attribute the emergence of stronger evidence in favor of campaign effects to the use of new methodologies including experimentation and content analysis, as well as the more sophisticated use of sample surveys.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000085974100007

    View details for PubMedID 10751968

  • Who said what? Source credibility as a mediator of campaign advertising Elements of Reason Iyengar, S., Valentino, N. edited by Lupia, A., McCubbins, M., Popkin, S. Cambridge University Press. 2000
  • Basic rule voting: The impact of campaigns on party and approval-based voting Crowded Airwaves: Campaign Advertising in Modern Elections Iyengar, S., Petrocik, J. edited by Thurber, J., Nelson, C. Brookings Institution Press. 2000
  • Media effects paradigms for the analysis of local news Democracy, Deliberation, and the Media Iyengar, S., Costain, A. Rowman, Littlefield. 2000
  • Replicating experiments using aggregate and survey data: The case of negative advertising and turnout AMERICAN POLITICAL SCIENCE REVIEW Ansolabehere, S. D., Iyengar, S., Simon, A. 1999; 93 (4): 901-909
  • Do the Media Govern? Reporters, Politicians and the American People edited by Iyengar, S., Reeves, R. Sage. 1997
  • Framing responsibility for political issues ANNALS OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF POLITICAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCE Iyengar, S. 1996; 546: 59-70
  • Can the press monitor campaign advertising? Harvard International Journal of Press/Politics Iyengar, S., Ansolabehere, S. 1996: 72-86
  • Crime in black and white: the violent, scary world of local news Harvard International Journal of Press/Politics Iyengar, S., Gilliam, F., Simon, A., Wright, O. 1996: 6-23
  • To be or not to be? Campaigning as a woman Women, the Media and Politics Iyengar, S., Valentino, N., Ansolabehere, S. edited by Norris, P. Oxford University Press. 1996
  • Perpectives on campaign communication Research in Political Sociology Iyengar, S., Simon, A., Ansolabehere, S. edited by Washburn, P. JAI Press. 1995
  • Going Negative: How Political Advertisements Shrink and Polarize the Electorate Iyengar, S., Ansolabehere, S. Free Press. 1995
  • The craft of political advertising Political Persuasion and Attitude Change Iyengar, S., Ansolabehere, S. edited by Mutz, D., Sniderman, P., Brody, R. University of Michigan Press. 1995
  • Winning through advertising; it's all in the context Campaigns and Elections Iyengar, S., Ansolabehere, S. edited by Nelson, C., Thurber, J. Westview Press. 1995
  • Campaigning through the media: was 1992 really different? The New American Politics Iyengar, S. edited by Jones, B. Westview Press. 1995
  • RIDING THE WAVE AND CLAIMING OWNERSHIP OVER ISSUES - THE JOINT EFFECTS OF ADVERTISING AND NEWS COVERAGE IN CAMPAIGNS PUBLIC OPINION QUARTERLY Ansolabehere, S., Iyengar, S. 1994; 58 (3): 335-357
  • OF HORSESHOES AND HORSE RACES - EXPERIMENTAL STUDIES OF THE IMPACT OF POLL RESULTS ON ELECTORAL-BEHAVIOR POLITICAL COMMUNICATION Ansolabehere, S., Iyengar, S. 1994; 11 (4): 413-430
  • The cognitive perspective in political psychology Handbook of Social Cognition Iyengar, S., Otatti, V. edited by Srull, T., Wyer Jr., R. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. 1994; 2
  • How citizens think about political issues: a matter of responsibility American State and Local Politics Iyengar, S. edited by Stonecash, J. Harcourt Brace College Publishers. 1994
  • Experimental demonstrations of the `not-so-minimal' consequences of television newscasts Politics and the Media Iyengar, S., Peters, M., Kinder, D. edited by Davis, R. Prentice Hall. 1994
  • Does negative advertising demobilize the electorate? American Political Science Review Iyengar, S., Ansolabehere, S., Valentino, N., Simon, A. 1994: 829-838
  • NEWS COVERAGE OF THE GULF CRISIS AND PUBLIC-OPINION - A STUDY OF AGENDA-SETTING, PRIMING, AND FRAMING COMMUNICATION RESEARCH Iyengar, S., Simon, A. 1993; 20 (3): 365-383
  • Experimental demonstrations of the `not-so-minimal' consequences of television newscasts Political Psychology: Classic and Contemporary Readings Iyengar, S., Peters, M., Kinder, D. edited by Kressel, N. Paragon House. 1993
  • Experimental demonstrations of the `not-so-minimal' consequences of television newscasts Experimental Foundations of Political Science Iyengar, S., Peters, M., Kinder, D. edited by Kinder, D., Palfrey, T. University of Michigan Press. 1993
  • Explorations in Political Psychology edited by Iyengar, S., McGuire, W. J. Duke University Press. 1993
  • Information and electoral attitudes: a case of judgment under uncertainty Explorations in Political Psychology Iyengar, S. edited by Iyengar, S., McGuire, J. Durham: Duke University Press. 1993
  • Agenda-setting and beyond: television news and the strength of political issues Agenda Formation Iyengar, S. edited by Riker, W. University of Michigan Press. 1993
  • The Media Game: American Politics in the Age of Television Iyengar, S., Ansolabehere, S., Behr, R. Macmillan. 1993
  • How television news affects voters: from setting agendas to defining standards Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics and Public Policy Iyengar, S. 1992; 6: 33-48
  • Is Anyone Responsible?: How Television Frames Political Issues Iyengar, S. University Chicago Press. 1991
  • MASS-MEDIA AND ELECTIONS - AN OVERVIEW AMERICAN POLITICS QUARTERLY Ansolabehere, S., Behr, R., Iyengar, S. 1991; 19 (1): 109-139
  • The accessibility bias in politics: television news and public opinion Mass Media and Democratic Government Iyengar, S. edited by Rothman, S. Paragon House Press. 1991
  • Shortcuts to political knowledge: selective attention and the accessibility bias Information and Democratic Processes Iyengar, S. edited by Ferejohn, J., Kuklinski, J. University of Illinois Press. 1990
  • Framing responsibility for political issues: the case of poverty Political Behavior Iyengar, S. 1990: 19-40
  • The accessibility bias in politics: television news and public opinion International Journal of Public Opinion Iyengar, S. 1990: 1-15
  • HOW CITIZENS THINK ABOUT NATIONAL ISSUES - A MATTER OF RESPONSIBILITY AMERICAN JOURNAL OF POLITICAL SCIENCE Iyengar, S. 1989; 33 (4): 878-900
  • Experimental demonstrations of the `not-so-minimal' consequences of television newscasts Agenda-Setting: Readings on Media, Public Opinion and Policy Making Iyengar, S., Peters, M., Kinder, D. edited by McCombs, M. Lawrence Erlbaum. 1989
  • Television news and citizens' explanations of national issues Media Power in Politics Iyengar, S. edited by Graber, D. Congressional Quarterly Press. 1989
  • Beyond "minimal consequences;" a review of media political effects Research in Micropolitics: Volume 3 Iyengar, S., Lenart, S. edited by Long, S. Westview Press. 1989
  • New directions for agenda-setting research Communication Yearbook: Volume 11 Iyengar, S. edited by Anderson, J. Sage Publications. 1988
  • Trends in public support for Egypt and Israel, 1956-1978 Arabs in the Mind of America Iyengar, S., Suleiman, M. Amana Books. 1988
  • News That Matters: Television and American Opinion Iyengar, S., Kinder, D. R. University of Chicago Press. 1987
  • Television news and citizens' explanations of national issues American Political Science Review Iyengar, S. 1987; 81: 815-832
  • The evening news and presidential evaluations Readings in Social Psychology: Classic and Contemporary Contributions Iyengar, S., Kinder, D., Peters, M., Krosnick, J. edited by Peplau, L. A., Sears, D. O., Freedman, J. Prentice-Hall. 1986
  • More than meets the eye: television news, priming, and public evaluations of the president Public Communication and Behavior, Volume 1 Iyengar, S., Kinder, D. edited by Comstock, G. Academic Press. 1986
  • TELEVISION-NEWS, REAL-WORLD CUES, AND CHANGES IN THE PUBLIC AGENDA PUBLIC OPINION QUARTERLY BEHR, R. L., Iyengar, S. 1985; 49 (1): 38-57
  • Psychological accounts of media agenda-setting Mass Media and Political Thought Iyengar, S., Kinder, D. edited by Kraus, S., Perloff, R. Sage Publications. 1985
  • Experimental demonstrations of the `not-so-minimal' consequences of television newscasts Readings in Social Psychology Iyengar, S., Peters, M., Kinder, D. edited by Sears, D., Peplau, A. Prentice-Hall. 1985
  • THE EVENING NEWS AND PRESIDENTIAL EVALUATIONS JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY Iyengar, S., Peters, M. D., KINDER, D. R., Krosnick, J. A. 1984; 46 (4): 778-787
  • Experimental demonstrations of the `not-so-minimal' consequences of television newscasts Media Power in Politics Iyengar, S., Peters, M., Kinder, D. edited by Graber, D. Congressional Quarterly Press. 1984
  • Experimental demonstrations of the `not-so-minimal' consequences of television newscasts Mass Communication Review Yearbook Iyengar, S., Peters, M., Kinder, D. edited by Whitney, C. Sage Publications. 1984
  • Assessing linguistic equivalence in multilingual surveys Social Research in Developing Countries Iyengar, S. edited by Warwick, D. P., Bulmer, M. John Wiley. 1983: 173–182
  • EXPERIMENTAL DEMONSTRATIONS OF THE NOT-SO-MINIMAL CONSEQUENCES OF TELEVISION-NEWS PROGRAMS AMERICAN POLITICAL SCIENCE REVIEW Iyengar, S., Peters, M. D., KINDER, D. R. 1982; 76 (4): 848-858
  • SUBJECTIVE POLITICAL EFFICACY AS A MEASURE OF DIFFUSE SUPPORT PUBLIC OPINION QUARTERLY Iyengar, S. 1980; 44 (2): 249-256
  • TRUST, EFFICACY AND POLITICAL REALITY - A LONGITUDINAL ANALYSIS OF INDIAN HIGH-SCHOOL STUDENTS COMPARATIVE POLITICS Iyengar, S. 1980; 13 (1): 37-51
  • TRENDS IN PUBLIC SUPPORT FOR EGYPT AND ISRAEL, 1956-1978 AMERICAN POLITICS QUARTERLY Iyengar, S., Suleiman, M. 1980; 8 (1): 34-60
  • POLITICAL KNOWLEDGE AMONG INDIAN-CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS - EXAMINATION OF THE MASS IGNORANCE THESIS SOCIAL SCIENCE QUARTERLY Iyengar, S. 1979; 60 (2): 328-335
  • LEARNING ABOUT THE POPULATION PROBLEM - CHILDRENS ATTITUDES TOWARD FAMILY-PLANNING IN INDIA YOUTH & SOCIETY Iyengar, S. 1979; 10 (3): 275-295

    View details for Web of Science ID A1979GR64300004

    View details for PubMedID 12156350

  • TELEVISION-NEWS AND ISSUE SALIENCE - RE-EXAMINATION OF THE AGENDA-SETTING HYPOTHESIS AMERICAN POLITICS QUARTERLY Iyengar, S. 1979; 7 (4): 395-416
  • CHILDHOOD POLITICAL LEARNING IN A NEW NATION - IMPACT OF PARTISANSHIP COMPARATIVE POLITICS Iyengar, S. 1979; 11 (2): 205-223
  • DEVELOPMENT OF POLITICAL EFFICACY IN A NEW NATION - CASE OF ANDHRA-PRADESH COMPARATIVE POLITICAL STUDIES Iyengar, S. 1978; 11 (3): 337-354
  • CHILDRENS PARTISAN LOYALTIES IN A NEW NATION - RESEARCH NOTE USING INDIAN DATA PUBLIC OPINION QUARTERLY Iyengar, S. 1978; 42 (1): 115-125
  • TESTING TRANSFER OF AFFECT HYPOTHESIS IN A NEW NATION USING PANEL DATA AMERICAN JOURNAL OF POLITICAL SCIENCE Iyengar, S. 1978; 22 (4): 905-916
  • POLITICAL AGITATION AND CHILDHOOD POLITICAL LEARNING - CASE OF ANDHRA-PRADESH JOURNAL OF DEVELOPING AREAS Iyengar, S. 1977; 12 (1): 3-16
  • LEARNING TO SUPPORT PRIME-MINISTER - POLITICAL-SOCIALIZATION IN INDIA COMPARATIVE POLITICAL STUDIES Iyengar, S. 1977; 9 (4): 409-428
  • ASSESSING LINGUISTIC EQUIVALENCE IN MULTILINGUAL SURVEYS COMPARATIVE POLITICS Iyengar, S. 1976; 8 (4): 577-589
  • CHILDHOOD LEARNING OF PARTISANSHIP IN A NEW NATION - CASE OF ANDHRA-PRADESH AMERICAN JOURNAL OF POLITICAL SCIENCE Iyengar, S. 1976; 20 (3): 407-423
  • DEVELOPMENT OF POLITICAL AGITATORS - POLITICAL-SOCIALIZATION IN AN INDIAN STATE YOUTH & SOCIETY Iyengar, S. 1975; 7 (1): 27-48
  • MAGNIFYING RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN ATTITUDINAL VARIABLES USING PANEL ANALYSIS PUBLIC OPINION QUARTERLY Iyengar, S. 1974; 38 (1): 90-97
  • PROBLEM OF RESPONSE STABILITY - SOME CORRELATES AND CONSEQUENCES AMERICAN JOURNAL OF POLITICAL SCIENCE Iyengar, S. 1973; 17 (4): 797-808