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  • Detecting High-Dose Methotrexate-Induced Brain Changes in Pediatric and Young Adult Cancer Survivors Using [18F]FDG PET/MRI: A Pilot Study. Journal of nuclear medicine : official publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine Baratto, L., Singh, S. B., Williams, S. E., Spunt, S. L., Rosenberg, J., Adams, L., Suryadevara, V., Iv, M., Daldrup-Link, H. 2024

    Abstract

    Significant improvements in treatments for children with cancer have resulted in a growing population of childhood cancer survivors who may face long-term adverse outcomes. Here, we aimed to diagnose high-dose methotrexate-induced brain injury on [18F]FDG PET/MRI and correlate the results with cognitive impairment identified by neurocognitive testing in pediatric cancer survivors. Methods: In this prospective, single-center pilot study, 10 children and young adults with sarcoma (n = 5), lymphoma (n = 4), or leukemia (n = 1) underwent dedicated brain [18F]FDG PET/MRI and a 2-h expert neuropsychologic evaluation on the same day, including the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence, second edition, for intellectual functioning; Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System (DKEFS) for executive functioning; and Wide Range Assessment of Memory and Learning, second edition (WRAML), for verbal and visual memory. Using PMOD software, we measured the SUVmean, cortical thickness, mean cerebral blood flow (CBFmean), and mean apparent diffusion coefficient of 3 different cortical regions (prefrontal cortex, cingulate gyrus, and hippocampus) that are routinely involved during the above-specified neurocognitive testing. Standardized scores of different measures were converted to z scores. Pairs of multivariable regression models (one for z scores < 0 and one for z scores > 0) were fitted for each brain region, imaging measure, and test score. Heteroscedasticity regression models were used to account for heterogeneity in variances between brain regions and to adjust for clustering within patients. Results: The regression analysis showed a significant correlation between the SUVmean of the prefrontal cortex and cingulum and DKEFS-sequential tracking (DKEFS-TM4) z scores (P = 0.003 and P = 0.012, respectively). The SUVmean of the hippocampus did not correlate with DKEFS-TM4 z scores (P = 0.111). The SUVmean for any evaluated brain regions did not correlate significantly with WRAML-visual memory (WRAML-VIS) z scores. CBFmean showed a positive correlation with SUVmean (r = 0.56, P = 0.01). The CBFmean of the cingulum, hippocampus, and prefrontal cortex correlated significantly with DKEFS-TM4 (all P < 0.001). In addition, the hippocampal CBFmean correlated significantly with negative WRAML-VIS z scores (P = 0.003). Conclusion: High-dose methotrexate-induced brain injury can manifest as a reduction in glucose metabolism and blood flow in specific brain areas, which can be detected with [18F]FDG PET/MRI. The SUVmean and CBFmean of the prefrontal cortex and cingulum can serve as quantitative measures for detecting executive functioning problems. Hippocampal CBFmean could also be useful for monitoring memory problems.

    View details for DOI 10.2967/jnumed.123.266760

    View details for PubMedID 38575193

  • Multimodal Pediatric Lymphoma Detection using PET and MRI. AMIA ... Annual Symposium proceedings. AMIA Symposium Wang, H., Sarrami, A., Wu, J. T., Baratto, L., Sharma, A., Wong, K. C., Singh, S. B., Daldrup-Link, H. E., Syeda-Mahmood, T. 2023; 2023: 736-743

    Abstract

    Lymphoma is one of the most common types of cancer for children (ages 0 to 19). Due to the reduced radiation exposure, PET/MR systems that allow simultaneous PET and MR imaging have become the standard of care for diagnosing cancers and monitoring tumor response to therapy in the pediatric population. In this work, we developed a multimodal deep learning algorithm for automatic pediatric lymphoma detection using PET and MRI. Through innovative designs such as standardized uptake value (SUV) guided tumor candidate generation, location aware classification model learning and weighted multimodal feature fusion, our algorithm can be effectively trained with limited data and achieved superior tumor detection performance over the state-of-the-art in our experiments.

    View details for PubMedID 38222333

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC10785920