Stanford Advisors

All Publications

  • Optimizing image quality for holographic near-eye displays with Michelson Holography OPTICA Choi, S., Kim, J., Peng, Y., Wetzstein, G. 2021; 8 (2): 143–46
  • Neural Holography with Camera-in-the-loop Training ACM TRANSACTIONS ON GRAPHICS Peng, Y., Choi, S., Padmanaban, N., Wetzstein, G. 2020; 39 (6)
  • Volumetric Head-Mounted Display with Locally Adaptive Focal Blocks. IEEE transactions on visualization and computer graphics Yoo, D. n., Lee, S. n., Jo, Y. n., Cho, J. n., Choi, S. n., Lee, B. n. 2020; PP


    A commercial head-mounted display (HMD) for virtual reality (VR) presents three-dimensional imagery with a fixed focal distance. The VR HMD with a fixed focus can cause visual discomfort to an observer. In this work, we propose a novel design of a compact VR HMD supporting near-correct focus cues over a wide depth of field (from 18 cm to optical infinity). The proposed HMD consists of a low-resolution binary backlight, a liquid crystal display panel, and focus-tunable lenses. In the proposed system, the backlight locally illuminates the display panel that is floated by the focus-tunable lens at a specific distance. The illumination moment and the focus-tunable lens' focal power are synchronized to generate focal blocks at the desired distances. The distance of each focal block is determined by depth information of three-dimensional imagery to provide near-correct focus cues. We evaluate the focus cue fidelity of the proposed system considering the fill factor and resolution of the backlight. Finally, we verify the display performance with experimental results.

    View details for DOI 10.1109/TVCG.2020.3011468

    View details for PubMedID 32746283

  • Tomographic Projector: Large Scale Volumetric Display with Uniform Viewing Experiences ACM TRANSACTIONS ON GRAPHICS Jo, Y., Lee, S., Yoo, D., Choi, S., Kim, D., Lee, B. 2019; 38 (6)
  • Optimal binary representation via non-convex optimization on tomographic displays OPTICS EXPRESS Choi, S., Lee, S., Jo, Y., Yoo, D., Kim, D., Lee, B. 2019; 27 (17): 24362–81


    There have been many recent developments in 3D display technology to provide correct accommodation cues over an extended focus range. To this end, those displays rely on scene decomposition algorithms to reproduce accurate occlusion boundaries as well asretinal defocus blur. Recently, tomographic displays have been proposed with improved trade-offs of focus range, spatial resolution, and exit-pupil. The advantage of the system partly stems from a high-speed backlight modulation system based on a digital micromirror device, which only supports 1-bit images. However, its inherent binary constraint hinders achieving the optimal scene decomposition, thus leaving boundary artifacts. In this work, we present a technique for synthesizing optimal imagery of general 3D scenes with occlusion on tomographic displays. Requiring no prior knowledge of the scene geometry, our technique addresses the blending issue via non-convex optimization, inspired by recent studies in discrete tomography. Also, we present a general framework for this rendering algorithm and demonstrate the utility of the technique for volumetric display systems with binary representation.

    View details for DOI 10.1364/OE.27.024362

    View details for Web of Science ID 000482098300060

    View details for PubMedID 31510326