Bio


Professor Winograd's focus is on human-computer interaction design and the design of technologies for development. He directs the teaching programs and HCI research in the Stanford Human-Computer Interaction Group, which recently celebrated it's 20th anniversary. He is also a founding faculty member of the Hasso Plattner Institute of Design at Stanford (the "d.school") and on the faculty of the Center on Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law (CDDRL)

Winograd was a founding member and past president of Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility. He is on a number of journal editorial boards, including Human Computer Interaction, ACM Transactions on Computer Human Interaction, and Informatica. He has advised a number of companies started by his students, including Google. In 2011 he received the ACM SIGCHI Lifetime Research Award.

Administrative Appointments


  • Co-director, Liberation Technology Program (2009 - Present)
  • Founder, Hasso Plattner Institute of Design (2006 - Present)

Honors & Awards


  • Lifetime Research Award, ACM SIGCHI (2011)
  • Felllow, ACM (2009)
  • Member, ACM CHI Academy (2004)
  • Rigo Award, SIGDOC (1999)
  • Founders Award, Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility (1996)

Professional Education


  • PhD, MIT (1970)

2013-14 Courses


Journal Articles


  • Backtracking Events as Indicators of Usability Problems in Creation-Oriented Applications ACM TRANSACTIONS ON COMPUTER-HUMAN INTERACTION Akers, D., Jeffries, R., Simpson, M., Winograd, T. 2012; 19 (2)
  • Undo and Erase Events as Indicators of Usability Problems CHI2009: PROCEEDINGS OF THE 27TH ANNUAL CHI CONFERENCE ON HUMAN FACTORS IN COMPUTING SYSTEMS, VOLS 1-4 Akers, D., Simpson, M., Jeffries, R., Winograd, T. 2009: 659-668
  • Improving the Accuracy of Gaze Input for Interaction PROCEEDINGS OF THE EYE TRACKING RESEARCH AND APPLICATIONS SYMPOSIUM (ETRA 2008) Kumar, M., Klingner, J., Puranik, R., Winograd, T., Paepcke, A. 2008: 65-68
  • Taskpose: Exploring Fluid Boundaries in an Associative Window Visualization UIST 2008: PROCEEDINGS OF THE 21ST ANNUAL ACM SYMPOSIUM ON USER INTERFACE SOFTWARE AND TECHNOLOGY Bernstein, M., Shrager, J., Winograd, T. 2008: 231-234
  • Visual analysis of network flow data with timelines and event plots VIZSEC 2007 Phan, D., Gerth, J., Lee, M., Paepcke, A., Winograd, T. 2008: 85-99
  • The bodily incorporation of mechanical devices: Ethical and religious issues - (part 2) CAMBRIDGE QUARTERLY OF HEALTHCARE ETHICS Campbell, C. S., Clark, L. A., Loy, D., Keenan, J. E., Matthews, K., Winograd, T., Zoloth, L. 2007; 16 (3): 268-280

    View details for DOI 10.1017/S0963180107070302

    View details for Web of Science ID 000247254500003

    View details for PubMedID 17695618

  • The bodily incorporation of mechanical devices: Ethical and religious issues (part 1) CAMBRIDGE QUARTERLY OF HEALTHCARE ETHICS Campbell, C. S., Clark, L. A., Loy, D., Keenan, J. F., Matthews, K., Winograd, T., Zoloth, L. 2007; 16 (2): 229-239

    View details for DOI 10.1017/S0963180107070259

    View details for Web of Science ID 000245113000011

    View details for PubMedID 17539475

  • Eyepatch: Prototyping Camera-based Interaction through Examples UIST 2007: PROCEEDINGS OF THE 20TH ANNUAL ACM SYMPOSIUM ON USER INTERFACE SOFTWARE AND TECHNOLOGY Maynes-Aminzade, D., Winograd, T., Igarashi, T. 2007: 33-42
  • Gaze-enhanced Scrolling Techniques UIST 2007: PROCEEDINGS OF THE 20TH ANNUAL ACM SYMPOSIUM ON USER INTERFACE SOFTWARE AND TECHNOLOGY Kumar, M., Winograd, T. 2007: 213-216
  • EyePoint: Practical Pointing and Selection Using Gaze and Keyboard CONFERENCE ON HUMAN FACTORS IN COMPUTING SYSTEMS, VOLS 1 AND 2 Kumar, M., Paepcke, A., Winograd, T. 2007: 421-430
  • Shifting viewpoints: Artificial intelligence and human-computer interaction ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE Winograd, T. 2006; 170 (18): 1256-1258
  • Mediating group dynamics through tabletop interface design IEEE COMPUTER GRAPHICS AND APPLICATIONS Morris, M. R., Cassanego, A., Paepcke, A., Winograd, T., Piper, A. M., Huang, A. 2006; 26 (5): 65-73

    View details for Web of Science ID 000240285500010

    View details for PubMedID 16983890

  • Designing a new foundation for design COMMUNICATIONS OF THE ACM Winograd, T. 2006; 49 (5): 71-73
  • TeamSearch: Comparing techniques for co-present collaborative search of digital media FIRST IEEE INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON HORIZONTAL INTERACTIVE HUMAN-COMPUTER SYSTEMS Morris, M. R., Paepcke, A., Winograd, T. 2006: 97-104
  • Alternative input devices for efficient navigation of large CT angiography data sets RADIOLOGY Sherboncly, A., Holmlund, D., Rubin, G. D., Schraedley, P. K., Winograd, T., Napel, S. 2005; 234 (2): 391-398

    Abstract

    To compare devices for the task of navigating through large computed tomographic (CT) data sets at a picture archiving and communication system workstation.The institutional review board approved this study, and all subjects provided informed consent. Five radiologists were asked to find 25 different vascular targets in three CT angiography data sets (average number of sections, 1025) by using several devices (trackball, tablet, jog-shuttle wheel, and mouse). For each trial, the total time to acquire the targets (T1) was recorded. A secondary study in which 13 nonradiologists performed seven trials with an artificial target inserted at a random location in the same image data was also performed. For each trial, the following items were recorded: time until first target sighting (t2), time to manipulate the device after seeing the target, sections traversed during t2 (d1), time from first sight to target acquisition (t4), sections traversed during t4 (d2), and total trial time. Statistical analysis involved repeated-measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) and pairwise comparisons.Repeated-measures ANOVA revealed that the device used had a significant (P < .05) effect on T1. Pairwise comparisons revealed that the trackball was significantly slower than the tablet (P < .05) and marginally slower than the jog-shuttle wheel (P < .10). Further repeated-measures ANOVA for each secondary outcome measure revealed significant differences between devices for all outcome measures (P < .005). Pairwise comparisons revealed the trackball to be significantly slower than the other devices in all measures (P < .05). The trackball was significantly (P < .05) more accurate than the other devices for d1 and d2.The trackball may not be the optimal device for navigation of large CT angiography data sets; the use of other existing devices may improve the efficiency of interpretation of these sets.

    View details for DOI 10.1148/radiol.2342032017

    View details for Web of Science ID 000226483200013

    View details for PubMedID 15670996

  • Flow map layout INFOVIS 05: IEEE SYMPOSIUM ON INFORMATION VISUALIZATION, PROCEEDINGS Phan, D., Xiao, L., Yeh, R., Hanrahan, P., Winograd, T. 2005: 219-224
  • Interactive workspaces COMPUTER Johanson, B., Winograd, T., Fox, A. 2003; 36 (4): 99-101
  • Extreme temporal photo browsing VISUAL INTERFACES TO DIGITAL LIBRARIES Graham, A., Garcia-Molina, H., Paepcke, A., Winograd, T. 2002; 2539: 81-97
  • Efficient web browsing on handheld devices using page and form summarization ACM TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION SYSTEMS Buyukkokten, O., Kaljuvee, O., Garcia-Molina, H., Paepcke, A., Winograd, T. 2002; 20 (1): 82-115
  • Architectures for context HUMAN-COMPUTER INTERACTION Winograd, T. 2001; 16 (2-4): 401-419
  • Integrating information appliances into an interactive workspace IEEE COMPUTER GRAPHICS AND APPLICATIONS Fox, A., Johanson, B., Hanrahan, P., Winograd, T. 2000; 20 (3): 54-65
  • Designing the user interface for multimodal speech and pen-based gesture applications: State-of-the-art systems and future research directions HUMAN-COMPUTER INTERACTION Oviatt, S., Cohen, P., Wu, L. Z., Vergo, J., Duncan, L., Suhm, B., Bers, J., Holzman, T., Winograd, T., Landay, J., Larson, J., Ferro, D. 2000; 15 (4): 263-322
  • Interoperability for digital libraries worldwide COMMUNICATIONS OF THE ACM Paepcke, A., Chang, C. C., Garcia-Molina, H., Winograd, T. 1998; 41 (4): 33-43
  • Using distributed objects for digital library interoperability COMPUTER Paepcke, A., Cousins, S. B., GARCIAMOLINA, H., Hassan, S. W., Ketchpel, S. P., ROSCHEISEN, M., Winograd, T. 1996; 29 (5): 61-?
  • FROM PROGRAMMING ENVIRONMENTS TO ENVIRONMENTS FOR DESIGNING COMMUNICATIONS OF THE ACM Winograd, T. 1995; 38 (6): 65-74
  • THE NORBERT-WIENER-AWARD FOR SOCIAL AND PROFESSIONAL-RESPONSIBILITY CYBERNETICA Winograd, T. 1994; 37 (3-4): 387-392
  • DESIGNING THE DESIGNER HUMAN-COMPUTER INTERACTION Winograd, T. 1994; 9 (1): 128-132
  • GROUPWARE - SYSTEMS-DESIGN FROM PERSPECTIVE OF GETTING THINGS DONE IEEE SOFTWARE Winograd, T. 1991; 8 (6): 81-82
  • ARE THINKING MACHINES POSSIBLE - ARE WE THEY REVISTA DE OCCIDENTE Winograd, T. 1991: 113-150
  • CAN RESEARCH REINVENT THE CORPORATION HARVARD BUSINESS REVIEW ZUBOFF, S., SUTHERLAND, W. R., WLADAWSKYBERGER, I., SENGE, P. M., ARGYRIS, C., Schon, D. A., Ciborra, C. U., Winograd, T., GUILE, B. R., Kraut, R. E., Yoshida, K., Fisher, P. A., Nakanishi, M., WASSERMAN, A. S. 1991; 69 (2): 164-?
  • ON THE CRUELTY OF REALLY TEACHING COMPUTING SCIENCE COMMUNICATIONS OF THE ACM Winograd, T. 1989; 32 (12): 1412-1413
  • EXPERT SYSTEMS - HOW FAR CAN THEY GO .1. AI MAGAZINE Davis, R., Winograd, T., DREYFUSS, S. E. 1989; 10 (1): 61-67
  • WHERE THE ACTION IS BYTE Winograd, T. 1988; 13 (13): A256-?
  • COMPUTER-SYSTEMS AND THE DESIGN OF ORGANIZATIONAL INTERACTION ACM TRANSACTIONS ON OFFICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS Flores, F., Graves, M., HARTFIELD, B., Winograd, T. 1988; 6 (2): 153-172
  • SPECIAL ISSUE ON THE LANGUAGE ACTION PERSPECTIVE - INTRODUCTION ACM TRANSACTIONS ON OFFICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS Winograd, T. 1988; 6 (2): 83-86
  • ARTIFICIAL-INTELLIGENCE - WHERE ARE WE .2. ABACUS-NEW YORK Bobrow, D. G., Hayes, P. J., LONGUETHIGGINS, C., McCarthy, J., Berliner, H., Michie, D., Nilsson, N., Brown, J. S., Feldman, J., Dreyfus, H., Dennett, D., Boden, M., Winograd, T., Newell, A., Sloman, A., Schank, R., McCorduck, P., AMAREL, S. 1987; 4 (4): 33-48
  • ARTIFICIAL-INTELLIGENCE - WHERE ARE WE - EXPERTS WHO EXCHANGE VIEWS ON THE FUTURE OF AI FIND THAT CONSENSUS IS DIFFICULT .1. ABACUS-NEW YORK Bobrow, D. G., Hayes, P. J., AMAREL, S., Berliner, H., Boden, M. A., Brown, J. S., Dennett, D., Dreyfus, H., Feldman, J., LONGUETHIGGINS, H. C., McCarthy, J., McCorduck, P., Meltzer, B., Michie, D., Newell, A., Nilsson, N., Schank, R., Sloman, A., Winograd, T. 1987; 4 (3): 8-?
  • MOVING THE SEMANTIC FULCRUM LINGUISTICS AND PHILOSOPHY Winograd, T. 1985; 8 (1): 91-104
  • COMPUTER SOFTWARE FOR WORKING WITH LANGUAGE SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN Winograd, T. 1984; 251 (3): 130-?
  • WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO UNDERSTAND LANGUAGE COGNITIVE SCIENCE Winograd, T. 1980; 4 (3): 209-241
  • EXTENDED INFERENCE MODES IN REASONING BY COMPUTER-SYSTEMS ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE Winograd, T. 1980; 13 (1-2): 5-26
  • BEYOND PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES COMMUNICATIONS OF THE ACM Winograd, T. 1979; 22 (7): 391-401
  • TOWARDS A PROCEDURAL UNDERSTANDING OF SEMANTICS REVUE INTERNATIONALE DE PHILOSOPHIE Winograd, T. 1976; 30 (117-): 260-303

Conference Proceedings


  • The distance geometry of music Demaine, E. D., Gomez-Martin, F., Meijer, H., Rappaport, D., Taslakian, P., Toussaint, G. T., Winograd, T., Wood, D. R. ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV. 2009: 429-454
  • The digital library integrated task environment (DLITE) Cousins, S. B., Paepcke, A., Winograd, T., BIER, E. A., Pier, K. ASSOC COMPUTING MACHINERY. 1997: 142-151
  • Interspace and an every-citizen interface to the national information infrastructure Winograd, T. NATL ACADEMY PRESS. 1997: 260-264
  • Grassroots: A system providing a uniform framework for communicating, structuring, sharing information, and organizing people Kamiya, K., ROSCHEISEN, M., Winograd, T. ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV. 1996: 1157-1174
  • A communication agreement framework for access/action control ROSCHEISEN, M., Winograd, T. I E E E, COMPUTER SOC PRESS. 1996: 154-163
  • BEYOND BROWSING - SHARED COMMENTS, SOAPS, TRAILS, AND ONLINE COMMUNITIES ROSCHEISEN, M., Mogensen, C., Winograd, T. ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV. 1995: 739-749