Academic Appointments

  • Assistant Professor, Philosophy
  • Assistant Professor (By courtesy), Computer Science

2017-18 Courses

Stanford Advisees

All Publications

  • Normality and actual causal strength. Cognition Icard, T. F., Kominsky, J. F., Knobe, J. 2017; 161: 80-93


    Existing research suggests that people's judgments of actual causation can be influenced by the degree to which they regard certain events as normal. We develop an explanation for this phenomenon that draws on standard tools from the literature on graphical causal models and, in particular, on the idea of probabilistic sampling. Using these tools, we propose a new measure of actual causal strength. This measure accurately captures three effects of normality on causal judgment that have been observed in existing studies. More importantly, the measure predicts a new effect ("abnormal deflation"). Two studies show that people's judgments do, in fact, show this new effect. Taken together, the patterns of people's causal judgments thereby provide support for the proposed explanation.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.cognition.2017.01.010

    View details for PubMedID 28157584

  • Pragmatic Considerations on Comparative Probability PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE Icard, T. F. 2016; 83 (3): 348-370
  • A note on cancellation axioms for comparative probability THEORY AND DECISION Harrison-Trainor, M., Holliday, W. H., Icard, T. F. 2016; 80 (1): 159-166
  • Higher-Order Syllogistics 19th International Conference on Formal Grammar (FG) Icard, T. F. SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN. 2014: 1–14
  • Information dynamics and uniform substitution SYNTHESE Holliday, W. H., Hoshi, T., Icard, T. F. 2013; 190: 31-55
  • Iterating semantic automata LINGUISTICS AND PHILOSOPHY Steinert-Threlkeld, S., Icard, T. F. 2013; 36 (2): 151-173
  • Inclusion and Exclusion in Natural Language STUDIA LOGICA Icard, T. F. 2012; 100 (4): 705-725
  • Provability and Interpretability Logics with Restricted Realizations NOTRE DAME JOURNAL OF FORMAL LOGIC Icard, T. F., Joosten, J. J. 2012; 53 (2): 133-154
  • A Topological Study of the Closed Fragment of GLP JOURNAL OF LOGIC AND COMPUTATION Icard, T. 2011; 21 (4): 683-696
  • Schematic Validity in Dynamic Epistemic Logic: Decidability 3rd International Workshop on Logic, Rationality and Interaction Holliday, W. H., Hoshi, T., Icard, T. F. SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN. 2011: 87–96