Clinical Focus

  • Diagnostic Radiology

Academic Appointments

  • Clinical Assistant Professor, Radiology

Professional Education

  • Board Certification: American Board of Radiology, Diagnostic Radiology (2018)
  • Fellowship: Allegheny General Hospital Radiology Program (2017) PA
  • Residency: Allegheny General Hospital Radiology Program (2016) PA
  • Internship: Maimonides Medical Center Internal Medicine Residency (2012) NY
  • Medical Education: University of Toledo College of Medicine (2011) OH

All Publications

  • Breast Hemangiomas: Imaging Features With Histopathology Correlation. Journal of breast imaging Dhami, A., Hao, M., Waheed, U., Dashevsky, B. Z., Bean, G. R. 2024


    Breast hemangiomas are rare benign vascular lesions. In a previously performed review of approximately 10,000 breast surgical pathology results, roughly 0.15% (15/~10,000) were hemangiomas. Hemangiomas are more frequent in women and have a documented age distribution of 1.5 to 82 years. They are most often subcutaneous or subdermal and anterior to the anterior mammary fascia but may rarely be seen in the pectoralis muscles or chest wall. On imaging, breast hemangiomas typically present as oval or round masses, often measuring less than 2.5cm, with circumscribed or mostly circumscribed, focally microlobulated margins, equal or high density on mammography, and variable echogenicity on US. Calcifications, including phleboliths, can be seen. Color Doppler US often shows hypovascularity or avascularity. MRI appearance can vary, although hemangiomas are generally T2 hyperintense and T1 hypointense with variable enhancement. Pathologic findings vary by subtype, which include perilobular, capillary, cavernous, and venous hemangiomas. If core biopsy pathology results are benign, without atypia, and concordant with imaging and clinical findings, surgical excision is not routinely indicated. Because of histopathologic overlap with well-differentiated or low-grade angiosarcomas, surgical excision may be necessary for definitive diagnosis. Findings that are more common with angiosarcomas include size greater than 2cm, hypervascularity on Doppler US, irregular shape, and invasive growth pattern.

    View details for DOI 10.1093/jbi/wbae011

    View details for PubMedID 38557759

  • Prospective Multicenter Diagnostic Performance of Technologist-Performed Screening Breast Ultrasound After Tomosynthesis in Women With Dense Breasts (the DBTUST). Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology Berg, W. A., Zuley, M. L., Chang, T. S., Gizienski, T. A., Chough, D. M., Böhm-Vélez, M., Sharek, D. E., Straka, M. R., Hakim, C. M., Harnist, K. S., Tyma, C. S., Kelly, A. E., Waheed, U., Houshmand, G., Nair, B. E., Shinde, D. D., Lu, A. H., Bandos, A. I., Berg, J. M., Lettiere, N. B., Ganott, M. A. 2023: JCO2201445


    To assess diagnostic performance of digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) alone or combined with technologist-performed handheld screening ultrasound (US) in women with dense breasts.In an institutional review board-approved, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act-compliant multicenter protocol in western Pennsylvania, 6,179 women consented to three rounds of annual screening, interpreted by two radiologist observers, and had appropriate follow-up. Primary analysis was based on first observer results.Mean participant age was 54.8 years (range, 40-75 years). Across 17,552 screens, there were 126 cancer events in 125 women (7.2/1,000; 95% CI, 5.9 to 8.4). In year 1, DBT-alone cancer yield was 5.0/1,000, and of DBT+US, 6.3/1,000, difference 1.3/1,000 (95% CI, 0.3 to 2.1; P = .005). In years 2 + 3, DBT cancer yield was 4.9/1,000, and of DBT+US, 5.9/1,000, difference 1.0/1,000 (95% CI, 0.4 to 1.5; P < .001). False-positive rate increased from 7.0% for DBT in year 1 to 11.5% for DBT+US and from 5.9% for DBT in year 2 + 3 to 9.7% for DBT+US (P < .001 for both). Nine cancers were seen only by double reading DBT and one by double reading US. Ten interval cancers (0.6/1,000 [95% CI, 0.2 to 0.9]) were identified. Despite reduction in specificity, addition of US improved receiver operating characteristic curves, with area under receiver operating characteristic curve increasing from 0.83 for DBT alone to 0.92 for DBT+US in year 1 (P = .01), with smaller improvements in subsequent years. Of 6,179 women, across all 3 years, 172/6,179 (2.8%) unique women had a false-positive biopsy because of DBT as did another 230/6,179 (3.7%) women because of US (P < .001).Overall added cancer detection rate of US screening after DBT was modest at 19/17,552 (1.1/1,000; CI, 0.5- to 1.6) screens but potentially overcomes substantial increases in false-positive recalls and benign biopsies.

    View details for DOI 10.1200/JCO.22.01445

    View details for PubMedID 36626696

  • Multishot Diffusion-Weighted MRI of the Breasts in the Supine vs. Prone Position. Journal of magnetic resonance imaging : JMRI Moran, C. J., Middione, M. J., Mazzoli, V., McKay-Nault, J. A., Guidon, A., Waheed, U., Rosen, E. L., Poplack, S. P., Rosenberg, J., Ennis, D. B., Hargreaves, B. A., Daniel, B. L. 2022


    BACKGROUND: Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) may allow for breast cancer screening MRI without a contrast injection. Multishot methods improve prone DWI of the breasts but face different challenges in the supine position.PURPOSE: To establish a multishot DWI (msDWI) protocol for supine breast MRI and to evaluate the performance of supine vs. prone msDWI.STUDY TYPE: Prospective.POPULATION: Protocol optimization: 10 healthy women (ages 22-56), supine vs. prone: 24 healthy women (ages 22-62) and five women (ages 29-61) with breast tumors.FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: 3-T, protocol optimization msDWI: free-breathing (FB) 2-shots, FB 4-shots, respiratory-triggered (RT) 2-shots, RT 4-shots, supine vs. prone: RT 4-shot msDWI, T2-weighted fast-spin echo.ASSESSMENT: Protocol optimization and supine vs. prone: three observers performed an image quality assessment of sharpness, aliasing, distortion (vs. T2), perceived SNR, and overall image quality (scale of 1-5). Apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs) in fibroglandular tissue (FGT) and breast tumors were measured.STATISTICAL TESTS: Effect of study variables on dichotomized ratings (4/5 vs. 1/2/3) and FGT ADCs were assessed with mixed-effects logistic regression. Interobserver agreement utilized Gwet's agreement coefficient (AC). Lesion ADCs were assessed by Bland-Altman analysis and concordance correlation (rhoc ). P value <0.05 was considered statistically significant.RESULTS: Protocol optimization: 4-shots significantly improved sharpness and distortion; RT significantly improved sharpness, aliasing, perceived SNR, and overall image quality. FGT ADCs were not significantly different between shots (P=0.812), FB vs. RT (P=0.591), or side (P=0.574). Supine vs. prone: supine images were rated significantly higher for sharpness, aliasing, and overall image quality. FGT ADCs were significantly higher supine; lesion ADCs were highly correlated (rhoc =0.92).DATA CONCLUSION: Based on image quality, supine msDWI outperformed prone msDWI. Lesion ADCs were highly correlated between the two positions, while FGT ADCs were higher in the supine position.EVIDENCE LEVEL: 2.TECHNICAL EFFICACY: Stage 1.

    View details for DOI 10.1002/jmri.28582

    View details for PubMedID 36583628

  • Nipple Adenoma: Correlation of Imaging Findings and Histopathology JOURNAL OF BREAST IMAGING Leo, M. E., Carter, G. J., Waheed, U., Berg, W. A. 2022