Bio


W. Gary Ernst held pre- and postdoctoral fellowships at the Geophysical Laboratory, then joined the UCLA faculty in January 1960. Moving to Stanford in 1989, Ernst went emeritus in September 2004. A member of the National Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts & Sciences, and the American Philosophical Society, Ernst was president of the Mineralogical Society of America (1980-81) and the Geological Society of America (1985-86). He received the MSA Award (1969), the Geological Society of Japan Medal (1998), the Penrose Medal of the GSA (2004), the Roebling Medal of the MSA (2006), the AGI Legendary Geoscientist Award (2008), and the Distinguished Career Award of the International Section of the GSA (2010). Author of seven books and research memoirs, editor or co-editor of 19 others, Ernst is author or co-author of >260 scientific papers dealing with: physical chemistry of rocks and minerals; Phanerozoic interactions of lithospheric plates and orogenic belts, especially in central Asia, the Circumpacific and the western Alps; early Precambrian petrotectonic evolution; high- and ultrahigh-pressure subduction-zone metamorphism and tectonics; geobotanical studies/remote sensing; and geology and human health. He teaches Introduction to Earth Systems fall quarter at Stanford, and conducts research chiefly in northern California and eastern Asia.

Administrative Appointments


  • 1960 – 1963 | Assistant Professor of Geology and Geophysics, UCLA, University of California, Los Angeles (1960 - 1963)
  • Associate Professor of Geology and Geophysics, UCLA (1963 - 1968)
  • Professor of Geology and Geophysics, UCLA (1968 - 1989)
  • Chair, Department of Geology, UCLA (1970 - 1974)
  • Chair, Department of Earth and Space Sciences, UCLA (1978 - 1982)
  • Director, Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics, UCLA (1987 - 1989)
  • Dean, School of Earth Sciences, Stanford (1989 - 1994)
  • Professor of Geology and Geophysics, Stanford University (1989 - 1993)
  • Professor of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Stanford University (1993 - 2004)
  • Professor Emeritus of Geological and Environmental Sciences,, Stanford University (2004 - Present)

Honors & Awards


  • Mineralogical Society of America Award, Mineralogical Society of America (1969)
  • Member, National Academy of Sciences (1975)
  • Fellow, American Academy of Arts and Science (1976)
  • Chair, Section 15, National Academy of Sciences (1979-1982)
  • President, Mineralogical Society of America (1980-1981)
  • President, Geological Society of America (1985-1986)
  • Member, American Philosophical Society (1994)
  • Secretary, Class I, National Academy of Sciences (1997 – 2000)
  • Geological Society of Japan Medal, Geological Society of Japan (1998)
  • Benjamin M. Page Chair, Benjamin M. Page Organization (1999)
  • Chair, Class I, National Academy of Sciences (2000-2003)
  • Penrose Medal of the Geological Society of America, Geological Society of America (2004)
  • Roebling Medal, Mineralogical Society of America (2006)
  • AGI Legendary Geoscientist Award, AGI (2008)
  • Distinguished Career Award, GSA International Section (2010)

Boards, Advisory Committees, Professional Organizations


  • Invited lectures, Virginia Tech University, Cal State San Jose (2012 - 2012)
  • Invited lectures, Academia Sinica Institute of Earth Sciences, National Taiwan University, National Dong Hwa University, Cal State Fresno, Cal State San Jose (2011 - 2011)
  • Invited lectures, University of Oklahoma, Academia Sinica Institute of Earth Sciences, National Taiwan University, University of Texas at Austin; Palo Alto Fellowship Forum (2010 - 2010)
  • Invited lectures, Northern California Geological Society, Seoul National University, Korea Basic Science Institute, Institute for Study of the Earth’s Interior, Okayama University (2), University of California, Los Angeles, Central Washington University, Northern California Section, Society of Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration (2009 - 2009)
  • Editorial Board, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2007 - Present)
  • Member, Jasper Ridge Advisory Committee (2006 - Present)
  • Member, International Initiative Executive Committee (2005 - 2007)
  • Member, Institute for the Environment Academic Committee (2005 - 2007)
  • Invited lectures, University of Texas at Austin (3) (2005 - 2005)
  • Invited lectures, Cal State San Francisco (2004 - 2004)
  • Member, 15-Year Review Committee, U. C. Statewide Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics (2004 - 2005)
  • Member, Visiting Committee, U. C. Santa Barbara (2004 - 2004)
  • Member, Interdisciplinary Graduate Program in the Environment and Resources (2003 - Present)
  • Organizer, Dec.6-7, 2003 Coleman Symposium (2003 - 2003)
  • Invited lectures, University of Tennessee (2), Virginia Tech (2003 - 2003)
  • Chair, Visiting Committee, Texas A & M University (2002 - 2002)
  • Invited lectures, exas A & M University; Potsdam University (3) (2002 - 2002)
  • Editorial Board, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2001 - 2004)
  • Invited lectures, Carnegie Institution Geophysical Laboratory; San Jose State University; University of Arizona; White Mountain Research Station, U. C. (2); Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences; Hopkins Marine Station; Peninsula Geological Society; Caltech; Universit di Genova (2001 - 2001)
  • Chair, Visiting Committee, University of Arizona (2001 - 2001)
  • Organizer with Simon Klemperer, Dec. 8-9, 2001 Thompson Symposium (2001 - 2001)
  • Invited lectures, Peninsula Geological Society, University of Oklahoma (2) (2000 - 2000)
  • Chair, Visiting Committee, Carnegie Institution Geophysical Laboratory (1999 - 1999)
  • Invited lectures, White Mountain Research Station, U. C.; Alfred Wegener Conference, Verbania, Italy (1999 - 1999)
  • Member, (NRC/BESR) Committee to Review Volcano Hazards Program, USGS (1999 - 2000)
  • Member, Visiting Committee, Iowa State University (1998 - 2006)
  • Member, Visiting Committee, Carnegie Institution Department of Terrestrial Magnetism (1998 - 1998)
  • Invited lectures, UCLA; Iowa State University; American Philosophical Society; Caltech (1998 - 1998)
  • Chair, MSA Public Service Medal Committee (1998 - 2001)
  • Member, Visiting Committee, Carnegie Institution Observatories (1997 - 1997)
  • Invited lectures, Peninsula Geological Society; U. C. White Mountain Research Station; Kyoto University; Waseda University; Arizona State University; Texas Tech University; Geophysical Laboratory; U.S.G.S., Reston; Geological Society of Washington, D.C. (1997 - 1997)
  • President, Peninsula Geological Society (1996 - 2002)
  • Editor, International Geology Review (1995 - 2013)
  • Member, Visiting Committee, Harvard University (1995 - Present)
  • Member, Committee on Public Affairs, American Geophysical Union (1993 - 1996)
  • Member, Dibblee Geological Foundation (1991 - 2000)
  • Trustee, Carnegie Institution of Washington (1990 - Present)
  • Member, White Mountain Research Station Advisory Committee to U.C. President (1990 - Present)
  • Member, U.S. National Committee, Pacific Sciences Association, National Research Council (1988 - 1996)

Professional Education


  • Ph.D., Johns Hopkins University, Geochemistry, (1959)
  • M.S., University of Minnesota, Geology (1955)
  • B.A., Carleton College, Geology (1953)

Current Research and Scholarly Interests


Petrology/geochemistry and plate tectonics of Circumpacific and Alpine mobile belts; ultrahigh-pressure metamorphism in Eurasia; geology of the California Coast Ranges, the cental Klamath Mountains, and White-Inyo Range; geobotany and remote sensing of the Southwest; mineralogy and human health.

2017-18 Courses


All Publications


  • Subduction-zone metamorphism, calc-alkaline magmatism, and convergent-margin crustal evolution Gondwana Research Ernst, W. G. Go; 18: 8-16
  • U-Pb Ages and Sedimentary Provenance of Detrital Zircons from Eastern Hayfork Meta-argillites, Sawyers Bar Area, Northwestern California JOURNAL OF GEOLOGY Ernst, W. G., Wu, C., Lai, M., Zhang, X. 2017; 125 (1): 33-44

    View details for DOI 10.1086/689186

    View details for Web of Science ID 000392384000002

  • High-pressure metamorphism in the Chinshuichi area, Yuli belt, eastern Taiwan TECTONOPHYSICS Keyser, W., Tsai, C., Iizuka, Y., Oberhaensli, R., Ernst, W. G. 2016; 692: 191-202
  • Plate-tectonic evolution of the Earth: bottom-up and top-down mantle circulation1 CANADIAN JOURNAL OF EARTH SCIENCES Ernst, W. G., Sleep, N. H., Tsujimori, T. 2016; 53 (11): 1103-1120
  • Zircon U-Pb ages and petrologic evolution of the English Peak granitic pluton: Jurassic crustal growth in northwestern California GEOSPHERE Ernst, W. G., Gottlieb, E. S., Barnes, C. G., Hourigan, J. K. 2016; 12 (5): 1422-1436

    View details for DOI 10.1130/GES01340.1

    View details for Web of Science ID 000390991300003

  • Petrology and Geochemistry of an Upper Crustal Pluton: a view into Crustal-scale Magmatism during Arc to Retro-arc Transition JOURNAL OF PETROLOGY Barnes, C. G., Ernst, W. G., Berry, R., Tsujimori, T. 2016; 57 (7): 1361-1388
  • Discovery of in situ super-reducing, ultrahigh-pressure phases in the Luobusa ophiolitic chromitites, Tibet: New insights into the deep upper mantle and mantle transition zone AMERICAN MINERALOGIST Zhang, R. Y., Yang, J., Ernst, W. G., Jahn, B., Iizuka, Y., Guo, G. 2016; 101 (5-6): 1285-1294
  • Franciscan melanges: coherent blocks in a low-density, ductile matrix INTERNATIONAL GEOLOGY REVIEW Ernst, W. G. 2016; 58 (5): 626-642
  • Assembling the world's type shallow subduction complex: Detrital zircon geochronologic constraints on the origin of the Nacimiento block, central California Coast Ranges GEOSPHERE Chapman, A. D., Jacobson, C. E., Ernst, W. G., Grove, M., Dumitru, T., Hourigan, J., Ducea, M. N. 2016; 12 (2): 533-557

    View details for DOI 10.1130/GES01257.1

    View details for Web of Science ID 000373226700009

  • Detrital zircon geochronology of Neoproterozoic-Lower Cambrian passive-margin strata of the White-Inyo Range, east-central California: Implications for the Mojave-Snow Lake fault hypothesis GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA BULLETIN Chapman, A. D., Ernst, W. G., Gottlieb, E., Powerman, V., Metzger, E. P. 2015; 127 (7-8): 926-944

    View details for DOI 10.1130/B31142.1

    View details for Web of Science ID 000359010800002

  • Detrital zircon U-Pb reconnaissance of the Franciscan subduction complex in northwestern California INTERNATIONAL GEOLOGY REVIEW Dumitru, T. A., Ernst, W. G., Hourigan, J. K., Mclaughlin, R. J. 2015; 57 (5-8): 767-800
  • Franciscan geologic history constrained by tectonic/olistostromal high-grade metamafic blocks in the iconic California Mesozoic-Cenozoic accretionary complex AMERICAN MINERALOGIST Ernst, W. G. 2015; 100 (1): 6-13
  • Recycling of crustal materials through study of ultrahigh-pressure minerals in collisional orogens, ophiolites, and mantle xenoliths: A review JOURNAL OF ASIAN EARTH SCIENCES Liou, J. G., Tsujimori, T., Yang, J., Zhang, R. Y., Ernst, W. G. 2014; 96: 386-420
  • Lawsonite blueschists and lawsonite eclogites as proxies for palaeo-subduction zone processes: a review JOURNAL OF METAMORPHIC GEOLOGY Tsujimori, T., Ernst, W. G. 2014; 32 (5): 437-454

    View details for DOI 10.1111/jmg.12057

    View details for Web of Science ID 000337516200002

  • Petrogenesis of the Barcroft pluton, northern White-Inyo Mountains, east-central California CONTRIBUTIONS TO MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY Ernst, W. G. 2013; 165 (3): 419-435
  • SHRIMP U-Pb ages of detrital zircons in metasedimentary rocks of the central Ogcheon fold-thrust belt, Korea: Evidence for tectonic assembly of Paleozoic sedimentary protoliths JOURNAL OF ASIAN EARTH SCIENCES Cho, M., Cheong, W., Ernst, W. G., Yi, K., Kim, J. 2013; 63: 234-249
  • Diverse mineral compositions, textures, and metamorphic P-T conditions of the glaucophane-bearing rocks in the Tamayen melange, Yuli belt, eastern Taiwan JOURNAL OF ASIAN EARTH SCIENCES Tsai, C., Iizuka, Y., Ernst, W. G. 2013; 63: 218-233
  • Eocene extension in Idaho generated massive sediment floods into the Franciscan trench and into the Tyee, Great Valley, and Green River basins GEOLOGY Dumitru, T. A., Ernst, W. G., Wright, J. E., Wooden, J. L., Wells, R. E., Farmer, L. P., Kent, A. J., Graham, S. A. 2013; 41 (2): 187-190

    View details for DOI 10.1130/G33746.1

    View details for Web of Science ID 000314327200023

  • Earliest Cretaceous Pacificward offset of the Klamath Mountains salient, NW California-SW Oregon LITHOSPHERE Ernst, W. G. 2013; 5 (1): 151-159

    View details for DOI 10.1130/L247.1

    View details for Web of Science ID 000315671300011

  • Overview of naturally occurring Earth materials and human health concerns JOURNAL OF ASIAN EARTH SCIENCES Ernst, W. G. 2012; 59: 108-126
  • Mineralogy, petrology, U-Pb geochronology, and geologic evolution of the Dabie-Sulu classic ultrahigh-pressure metamorphic terrane, East-Central China AMERICAN MINERALOGIST Liou, J. G., Zhang, R., Liu, F., Zhang, Z., Ernst, W. G. 2012; 97 (10): 1533-1543
  • LEON KNOPOFF 1 JULY 1925 . 20 JANUARY 2011 PROCEEDINGS OF THE AMERICAN PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY Ernst, W. G., Davis, P. M., Jackson, D. D., Gilbert, F. 2012; 156 (3): 347-352
  • Vertical zonation of the Barcroft granodiorite, White Mountains, California: Implications for magmatic processes AMERICAN MINERALOGIST Ferre, E. C., Michelsen, K. J., Ernst, W. G., Boyd, J. D., Canon-Tapia, E. 2012; 97 (7): 1049-1059
  • Detrital zircons from the Tananao metamorphic complex of Taiwan: Implications for sediment provenance and Mesozoic tectonics TECTONOPHYSICS Yui, T. F., Maki, K., Lan, C. Y., Hirata, T., Chu, H. T., Kon, Y., Yokoyama, T. D., JAHN, B. M., Ernst, W. G. 2012; 541: 31-42
  • Presentation of the 2011 Roebling Medal of the Mineralogical Society of America to Juhn G. Liou AMERICAN MINERALOGIST Ernst, W. G. 2012; 97 (5-6): 1005-1005
  • Mineral parageneses, regional architecture, and tectonic evolution of Franciscan metagraywackes, Cape Mendocino-Garberville-Covelo 30 ' x 60 ' quadrangles, northwest California TECTONICS Ernst, W. G., Mclaughlin, R. J. 2012; 31
  • Two different magma series imply a Palaeogene tectonic transition from contraction to extension in the SE Korean Peninsula INTERNATIONAL GEOLOGY REVIEW Hwang, B., Ernst, W. G., Yang, K. 2012; 54 (11): 1284-1295
  • Overview of naturally occurring Earth materials and human health concerns Journal of Asian Earth Science Ernst, W. G. 2012
  • Vertical zonation of the Barcroft granodiorite, White Mountains, California: implications for magmatic processes American Mineralogist Ferré, E. C., Michelsen, K. C., Ernst, W. G., Boyd, J. D., Canon-Tapia, E. J. 2012
  • Mineral parageneses, regional architecture, and tectonic evolution of Franciscan metagraywackes, Cape Mendocino-Garberville-Covelo 30' x 60' quadrangles, northwest California Tectonics Ernst, W. G., McLaughlin, R. J. 2012; 31

    View details for DOI 10.1029/2011TC002987

  • Detrital zircons from the Tananao Metamorphic Complex of Taiwan: implications for sediment provenance and Mesozoic tectonics Tectonophysics Yui, T. F., Lan, C. Y., Maki, K., Hirata, T., Chu, H. T., Kon, Y., Yokoyama, T. D., Jahn, B. M., Ernst, W. G. 2012; 541-543
  • Two different magma series imply a Paleocene tectonic transition from contraction to extension in the SE Korean Peninsula International Geology Review Hwang, B. H., Ernst, W. G. 2012; 54
  • Origin of similar to 2.5 Ga potassic granite from the Nellore Schist Belt, SE India: textural, cathodoluminescence, and SHRIMP U-Pb data CONTRIBUTIONS TO MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY Kumar, K. V., Ernst, W. G., Leelanandam, C., Wooden, J. L., Grove, M. J. 2011; 162 (4): 867-888
  • Accretion of the Franciscan Complex attending Jurassic-Cretaceous geotectonic development of northern and central California GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA BULLETIN Ernst, W. G. 2011; 123 (9-10): 1667-1678

    View details for DOI 10.1130/B30398.1

    View details for Web of Science ID 000293286100001

  • Zircon U-Pb age of the Pescadero felsite: A Late Cretaceous igneous event in the forearc, west-central California Coast Ranges GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA BULLETIN Ernst, W. G., Martens, U. C., McLaughlin, R. J., Clark, J. C., Moore, D. E. 2011; 123 (7-8): 1497-1512

    View details for DOI 10.1130/B30270.1

    View details for Web of Science ID 000291248800015

  • Experimental kinetic study of organic matter maturation: Time and pressure effects on vitrinite reflectance at 400 degrees C ORGANIC GEOCHEMISTRY Le Bayon, R., Brey, G. P., Ernst, W. G., Maehlmann, R. F. 2011; 42 (4): 340-355
  • Formation and fragmentation of the Palaeoproterozoic supercontinent Columbia: evidence from the Eastern Ghats Granulite Belt, southeast India INTERNATIONAL GEOLOGY REVIEW Kumar, K. V., Leelanandam, C., Ernst, W. G. 2011; 53 (11-12): 1297-1311
  • U-Pb ages of detrital zircons from Korean fold-thrust belts: Implications for the Paleozoic crustal architecture of East Asia Geology Cho, M., Cheong, W., Ernst, W. G., Yi, K., Kim, J. 2011
  • Experimental kinetic study of organic matter maturation: Time and pressure effects on vitrinite reflectance at 400°C Organic Geochemistry Bayon, L., R., M., Brey, G. P., Ernst, W. G., Ferreiro Mählmann, R. 2011; 42: 340-355
  • Origin of 2.5 Ga potassic granite from the Nellore Schist Belt, SE India: Textural, cathodoluminescence and SHRIMP U-Pb data Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology Kumar, V., K., Ernst, G., W., Leelanandam, C., Wooden, J. L., M. J. Grove, M. J. 2011; 162: 867-888
  • Accretion of the Franciscan Complex attending Jura-Cretaceous geotectonic development of northern and central California Geological Society of America Bulletin Ernst, W. G. 2011; 123: 1667-1678
  • Formation and fragmentation of the Paleoproterozoic supercontinent Columbia: Evidence from the Eastern Ghats Granulite Belt, SE India International Geology Review Vijaya Kumar, K., C., Leelanandam, Ernst, W. 2011; 53: 1297-1311
  • Regional Detrital Zircon Provenance of Exotic Metasandstone Blocks, Eastern Hayfork Terrane, Western Paleozoic and Triassic Belt, Klamath Mountains, California JOURNAL OF GEOLOGY Scherer, H. H., Ernst, W. G., Wooden, J. L. 2010; 118 (6): 641-653

    View details for DOI 10.1086/656352

    View details for Web of Science ID 000282221400004

  • Subduction-zone metamorphism, calc-alkaline magmatism, and convergent-margin crustal evolution GONDWANA RESEARCH Ernst, W. G. 2010; 18 (1): 8-16
  • Late Mesozoic subduction-induced hydrothermal gold deposits along the eastern Asian and northern Californian margins: Oceanic versus continental lithospheric underflow ISLAND ARC Ernst, W. G. 2010; 19 (2): 213-229
  • First Paleoproterozoic ophiolite from Gondwana: Geochronologic-geochemical documentation of ancient oceanic crust from Kandra, SE India TECTONOPHYSICS Kumar, K. V., Ernst, W. G., Leelanandam, C., Wooden, J. L., Grove, M. J. 2010; 487 (1-4): 22-32
  • Young convergent-margin orogens, climate, and crustal thickness-A Late Cretaceous-Paleogene Nevadaplano in the American Southwest? LITHOSPHERE Ernst, W. G. 2010; 2 (2): 67-75

    View details for DOI 10.1130/L84.1

    View details for Web of Science ID 000280361000001

  • Detrital zircon evidence for progressive underthrusting in Franciscan metagraywackes, west-central California GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA BULLETIN Snow, C. A., Wakabayashi, J., Ernst, W. G., Wooden, J. L. 2010; 122 (1-2): 282-291

    View details for DOI 10.1130/B26399.1

    View details for Web of Science ID 000273295200016

  • Subduction-zone metamorphism--pioneering contributions from the Alps International Geology Review Ernst, W. G. 2010; 52: 1021-1039
  • Late Mesozoic subduction-induced gold deposits along the eastern Asian and northern Californian margins: efficacy of oceanic versus continental lithospheric underflow Island Arc Ernst, W. G. 2010; 19: 213-229
  • Young convergent plate-margin orogens, climate, and crustal thickness--A Late Cretaceous-Paleogene Nevadaplano in the American Southwest? Lithosphere Ernst, W. G. 2010; 2: 67-75
  • SHRIMP-based depositional ages of Franciscan metagraywackes, west-central California Geological Society of America Bulletin Snow, C. A., Wakabayashi, J., Ernst, W. G., Wooden, J. L. 2010; 122: 282-291
  • First Paleoproterozoic ophiolite from Gondwana: Geochronologic-geochemical documentation of ancient oceanic from Kandra, SE India Tectonophysics Kumar, V., K., Ernst, G., W., Leelanandam, C., Wooden, J. L., M. J. Grove, M. J. 2010; 487: 22-32
  • Subduction zone metamorphism - pioneering contributions from the Alps INTERNATIONAL GEOLOGY REVIEW Ernst, W. G. 2010; 52 (10-12): 1021-1039
  • U-Pb ages of detrital zircons in Pacheco Pass metagraywackes: Sierran-Klamath source of mid-Cretaceous and Late Cretaceous Franciscan deposition and underplating TECTONICS Ernst, W. G., Martens, U., Valencia, V. 2009; 28
  • Metamorphic P-T conditions and thermal structure of Chinese Continental Scientific Drilling main hole eclogites: Fe-Mg partitioning thermometer vs. Zr-in-rutile thermometer 33rd International Geological Congress (IGC) Zhang, R. Y., Iizuka, Y., Ernst, W. G., Liou, J. G., Xu, Z., Tsujimori, T., Lo, C., Jahn, B. WILEY-BLACKWELL. 2009: 757–72
  • Guadalupe pluton-Mariposa Formation age relationships in the southern Sierran Foothills: Onset of Mesozoic subduction in northern California? JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SOLID EARTH Ernst, W. G., Saleeby, J. B., Snow, C. A. 2009; 114
  • The Dabie-Sulu continental collision zone: A comprehensive review GONDWANA RESEARCH Zhang, R. Y., Liou, J. G., Ernst, W. G. 2009; 16 (1): 1-26
  • Tectonics and HP-UHP metamorphism of northern Tibet - Preface JOURNAL OF ASIAN EARTH SCIENCES Liou, J. G., Ernst, W. G., Song, S. G., JAHN, B. M. 2009; 35 (3-4): 191-198
  • Ultrahigh-pressure minerals and metamorphic terranes - The view from China 8th International Eclogite Conference Liou, J. G., Ernst, W. G., Zhang, R. Y., Tsujimori, T., JAHN, B. M. PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD. 2009: 199–231
  • Archean plate tectonics, rise of Proterozoic supercontinentality and onset of regional, episodic stagnant-lid behavior GONDWANA RESEARCH Ernst, W. G. 2009; 15 (3-4): 243-253
  • Rise and fall of the Nevadaplano PREFACE INTERNATIONAL GEOLOGY REVIEW Ernst, W. G. 2009; 51 (7-8): 583-588
  • Mining, Society and a Sustainable World Ernst, W. G. Springer-Verlag. 2009
  • Tectonics and HP-UHP metamorphism of northern Tibet: Preface Journal of Asian Earth Science Liou, J. G., Ernst, W. G., Song, S. G., Jahn, B. M. 2009; 35: 191-198
  • Archean plate tectonics, rise of Proterozoic supercontinentality and onset of regional, episodic stagnant-lid behavior Gondwana Research Ernst, W. G. 2009; 15: 243-253
  • U-Pb ages of detrital zircons in Pacheco Pass metagraywackes: Sierran-Klamath source of mid- and Late Cretaceous Franciscan deposition and underplating Tectonics Ernst, W. G., Martens, U., Valencia, V. 2009; 28

    View details for DOI 10.1029/2008TC002352

  • Metamorphic P-T conditions and thermal structure of Chinese Continental Scientific Drilling main hole eclogites: Fe-Mg partitioning thermometer v. Zr-in-rutile thermometer Journal of Metamorphic Geology Zhang, R. Y., Iizuka, Y., Ernst, W. G., Liou, J. G., Xu, Z. Q., Tsujimori, T., Lo, C., Jahn, B. 2009; 27: 16
  • Rise and fall of the Nevadaplano International Geology Review Ernst, W. G. 2009; 51: 583-588
  • Guadalupe pluton-Mariposa Formation age relationships in the southern Sierran Foothills: Onset of Mesozoic subduction in northern California? Journal of Geophysical Research Ernst, W. G., Saleeby, J. B., Snow, C. A. 2009; 114

    View details for DOI 10.1029/2009JB006607

  • The Dabie-Sulu collision zone: A comprehensive review Gondwana Research Zhang, R. Y., Liou, J. G., Ernst, W. G. 2009; 16: 1-26
  • Ultrahigh-pressure minerals and metamorphic terranes--The view from China Journal of Asian Earth Science Liou, J. G., Ernst, W. G., Zhang, R. Y., Tsujimori, T., Jahn, B. M. 2009; 35: 199-231
  • Geometric model of conjugate faulting in the Gyeongsang Basin, southeast Korea TECTONICS Hwang, B., Ernst, W. G., McWilliams, M., Yang, K. 2008; 27 (6)
  • High- and ultrahigh-pressure metamorphism: Past results and future prospects AMERICAN MINERALOGIST Ernst, W. G., Liou, J. G. 2008; 93 (11-12): 1771-1786
  • Mesozoic transpression, transtension, subduction and metallogenesis in northern and central California TERRA NOVA Ernst, W. G., Snow, C. A., Scherer, H. H. 2008; 20 (5): 394-413
  • Tectonic evolution of the Gyeongsang basin, southeastern Korea from 140 ma to the present, based on a strike-slip and block rotation tectonic model INTERNATIONAL GEOLOGY REVIEW Hwang, B., Son, M., Yang, K., Yoon, J., Ernst, W. G. 2008; 50 (4): 343-363
  • Geologic implications of new zircon U-Pb ages from the White Mountain Peak Metavolcanic Complex, eastern California TECTONICS Scherer, H. H., Ernst, W. G., Hanson, R. B. 2008; 27 (2)
  • North Fork terrane, Klamath Mountains, California: Geologic, geochemical, and geochronologic evidence for an early Mesozoic forearc Symposium on Ophiolites, Batholiths and Regional Geology in Honor of Cliff Hopson Scherer, H. H., Ernst, W. G. GEOLOGICAL SOC AMER INC. 2008: 289–309
  • Ores and Orogenesis: Circum-Pacific Tectonics, Geologic Evolution, and Ore Deposits v 22 Ernst, W. G., Tsujimori, T., Zhang, R. Y., Liou, J. G. Arizona Geol. Soc. Digest. 2008: 151–180
  • Mesozoic transpression, transtension, subduction, and metallogenesis in northern and central California Terra Nova Ernst, W. G., Snow, C. A., Scherer, H. H. 2008; 20: 394-413
  • Geologic implications of new zircon U-Pb ages from the White Mountain Peak Metavolcanic Complex, eastern California Tectonics Scherer, H. H., Ernst, W. G., Hanson, R. B. 2008; 27: 9

    View details for DOI 10.1029/2007TC002141

  • Detrital zircon constraints on sediment distribution and provenance of the Mariposa Formation, central Sierra Nevada foothills, California Symposium on Ophiolites, Batholiths and Regional Geology in Honor of Cliff Hopson Snow, C. A., Ernst, W. G. GEOLOGICAL SOC AMER INC. 2008: 311–330
  • Geometric model of conjugate faulting in the Gyeongsang Basin, southeast Korea Tectonics Hwang, B. H., Ernst, W. G., McWilliams, M. O., Yang, K. H. 2008; 27

    View details for DOI 10.1029/2008TC002343

  • High- and ultrahigh-pressure metamorphism--past results and future prospects American Mineralogist Ernst, W. G., Liou, J. G. 2008; 93: 1771-1786
  • Ophiolites, Arcs, and Batholiths: A Tribute to Cliff Hopson Scherer, H. H., Ernst, W. G. Geological Society of America Special Paper No. 438. 2008: 289–310
  • Contrasting early and late Mesozoic petrotectonic evolution of northern California GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA BULLETIN Ernst, W. G., Snow, C. A., Scherer, H. H. 2008; 120 (1-2): 179-194

    View details for DOI 10.1130/B26173.1

    View details for Web of Science ID 000252096800011

  • Ultrahigh-pressure metamorphic belts in China: Major progress in the past several years INTERNATIONAL GEOLOGY REVIEW Zhang, R. Y., Liou, J. G., Ernst, W. G. 2007; 49 (6): 504-519
  • Very high-pressure orogenic garnet peridotites PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Liou, J. G., Zhang, R. Y., Ernst, W. G. 2007; 104 (22): 9116-9121

    Abstract

    Mantle-derived garnet peridotites are a minor component in many very high-pressure metamorphic terranes that formed during continental subduction and collision. Some of these mantle rocks contain trace amounts of zircon and micrometer-sized inclusions. The constituent minerals exhibit pre- and postsubduction microstructures, including polymorphic transformation and mineral exsolution. Experimental, mineralogical, petrochemical, and geochronological characterizations using novel techniques with high spatial, temporal, and energy resolutions are resulting in unexpected discoveries of new phases, providing better constraints on deep mantle processes.

    View details for DOI 10.1073/pnas.0607300104

    View details for Web of Science ID 000246935700007

    View details for PubMedID 17519341

  • Acceptance of the Mineralogical Society of America Roebling Medal for 2006 AMERICAN MINERALOGIST Ernst, W. G. 2007; 92 (5-6): 979-979
  • Speculations on evolution of the terrestrial lithosphere-asthenosphere system - Plumes and plates GONDWANA RESEARCH Ernst, W. G. 2007; 11 (1-2): 38-49
  • Whence the Mountains? Inquiries into the Evolution of Orogenic Systems: A Volume in Honor of Raymond A. Price Ernst, W. G., Hacker, B. R., Liou, J. G. Geological Society of America Special Paper No. 433. 2007: 27–49
  • 4-D Framework of Continental Crust Ernst, W. G. Geological Society of America Memoir 200. 2007: 159–179
  • Plant species distributions under present conditions and forecasted for warmer climates in an arid mountain range American Geophysical Union Earth Interactions de Ven, V., M., C., Weiss, S. B., Ernst, W. G. 2007; 11

    View details for DOI 10.1175/EI205.1

  • Speculations on evolution of the terrestrial lithosphere-asthenosphere system--Plumes and plates Gondwana Research Ernst, W. G. 2007; 11: 38-49
  • Acceptance of the Mineralogical Society of America Roebling Medal for 2006 American Mineralogist Ernst, W. G. 2007; 92: 979
  • Permo-Triassic collision, subduction-zone metamorphism, and tectonic exhumation along the east Asian continental margin ANNUAL REVIEW OF EARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCES Ernst, W. G., Tsujimori, T., Zhang, R., Liou, J. G. 2007; 35: 73-110
  • Plant species distributions under present conditions and forecasted for warmer climates in an arid mountain range EARTH INTERACTIONS Van de Ven, C. M., Weiss, S. B., Ernst, W. G. 2007; 11

    View details for DOI 10.1175/EI205.1

    View details for Web of Science ID 000248167900001

  • Preservation/exhumation of ultrahigh-pres sure subduction complexes LITHOS Ernst, W. G. 2006; 92 (3-4): 321-335
  • Presentation of the Mineralogical Society of America Dana Medal for 2005 to William D. Carlson AMERICAN MINERALOGIST Ernst, W. G. 2006; 91 (5-6): 976-976
  • Earth materials and human health INTERNATIONAL GEOLOGY REVIEW Ernst, W. G. 2006; 48 (3): 191-208
  • Geologic Studies in the Klamath Mountains Province, California and Oregon: A volume in Honor of William P. Irwin Scherer, H. H., Snow, C. A., Ernst, W. G. Geol. Soc. Amer. Special Paper No. 410, 505p. 2006
  • Preservation/exhumation of ultrahigh-pressure subduction complexes Lithosphere Ernst, W. G. 2006; 92: 321-335
  • Earth and Mind: How Geologists Think and Learn about the Earth Ernst, W. G. Geol. Soc. Amer. Special Paper No. 413. 2006: 13–28
  • Presentation of the Mineralogic Society of America Dana Medal for 2005 to William D. Carlson American Mineralogist Ernst, W. G. 2006; 91: 976
  • Triassic paragonite- and garnet-bearing epidote-amphibolite from the Hida Mountains, Japan Gondwana Research Tsujimori, T., Liou, J. G. Ernst, G., W., Itaya, T. 2006; 9: 1676-175
  • Triassic paragonite- and garnet-bearing epidote-amphibolite from the Hida Mountains, Japan GONDWANA RESEARCH Tsujimori, T., Liou, J. G., Ernst, W. G., Itaya, T. 2006; 9 (1-2): 167-175
  • Konrad B. Krauskopf - 30 November 1910 - 4 May 2003 - Biographical memoirs PROCEEDINGS OF THE AMERICAN PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY Ernst, W. G. 2005; 149 (3): 421-425
  • Aluminous xenoliths in Miocene andesite, Central California Coast Ranges: Magma-crust interaction in a subduction-transform transitional setting INTERNATIONAL GEOLOGY REVIEW Metzger, E. P., Ernst, W. G., Sorg, D. 2005; 47 (6): 573-590
  • Alpine and Pacific styles of Phanerozoic mountain building: subduction-zone petrogenesis of continental crust TERRA NOVA Ernst, W. G. 2005; 17 (2): 165-188
  • Contact metamorphism of the White Mountain Peak metavolcanic complex, eastern California AMERICAN MINERALOGIST Ernst, W. G. 2005; 90 (1): 1-12
  • Net dextral slip, Neogene San Gregorio-Hosgri fault zone, coastal California: Geologic evidence and implications Geological Society of America Special Paper 391 Dickinson, W. R., Ducea, M., Rosenberg, L. I., Greene, H. G., Graham, S. A., Clark, J. C., Weber, G. E., Kidder, S., Ernst, W. G., Brabb, E. E. 2005; 391: 43
  • Regional crustal thickness and precipitation in young mountain chains PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Ernst, W. G. 2004; 101 (42): 14998-15001

    Abstract

    Crustal thickness is related to climate through precipitation-induced erosion. Along the Andes, the highest mountains and thickest crust (approximately 70 km) occur at 25 degrees south, a region of low precipitation. Westerly winds warm passing over the Atacama Desert; precipitation is modest in the High Andes and eastward over the Altiplano. Severe aridity, hence low erosion rates, helps to account for the elevated volcanogenic contractional arc and high, internally draining plateau in its rain shadow. Weak erosion along the north-central arc provides scant amounts of sediment to the Chile-Peru Trench, starving the subduction channel. Subcrustal removal might be expected to reduce the crustal thickness, but is not a factor at 25 degrees south. The thickness of the gravitationally compensated continental crust cannot reflect underplating and/or partial fusion of sediments, but must be caused chiefly by volcanism-plutonism and contraction. Contrasting climate typifies the terrain at 45 degrees south where moisture-laden westerly winds encounter a cool margin, bringing abundant precipitation. The alpine landscape is of lower average elevation compared with the north-central Andes and is supported by thinner continental crust (approximately 35 km). Intense erosion supplies voluminous clastic debris to the offshore trench, and vast quantities are subducted. However, the southern Andean crust is only about half as thick as that at 25 degrees south, suggesting that erosion, not subcrustal sediment accretion or anatexis, is partly responsible for the thickness of the mountain belt. The Himalayas plus Tibetan Plateau, the Sierra Nevada plus Colorado Plateau, and the Japanese Islands exhibit analogous relationships between crustal thickness and climate.

    View details for DOI 10.1073/pnas.0406557101

    View details for Web of Science ID 000224688700005

    View details for PubMedID 15471988

  • Vitrinite alteration rate as a function of temperature, time, starting material, aqueous fluid pressure and oxygen fugacity - Laboratory corroboration of prior work Annual Meeting of the Geological-Society-of-America Ernst, W. G., Mahlmann, R. F. ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV. 2004: 341–57
  • Geochemical Investigations in Earth and Space Science: Geochem. Soc. Special Pub. No. 9 Ernst, W. G., Ferreiro Mählmann, R. 2004: 341–357
  • Relationships among vegetation, climatic zonation, soil, and bedrock in the central White-Inyo Range, eastern California: A ground-based and remote-sensing study GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA BULLETIN Ernst, W. G., van de Ven, C. M., Lyon, R. J. 2003; 115 (12): 1583-1597
  • Low-temperature microdiamond aggregates in the Maksyutov Metamorphic Complex, South Ural Mountains, Russia AMERICAN MINERALOGIST Bostick, B. C., Jones, R. E., Ernst, W. G., Chen, C., Leech, M. L., Beane, R. J. 2003; 88 (11-12): 1709-1717
  • Konrad Bates Krauskopf - Obituary PHYSICS TODAY Ernst, W. G. 2003; 56 (11): 90-91
  • Ultrarapid exhumation of ultrahigh-pressure diamond-bearing metasedimentary rocks of the Kokchetav Massif, Kazakhstan? 6th International Eclogite Conference on Eclogite and Related High and Ultrahigh Pressure Metamorphic Rocks Hacker, B. R., Calvert, A., Zhang, R. Y., Ernst, W. G., Liou, J. G. ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV. 2003: 61–75
  • Thermal relaxation of a magmatic arc complex, mount barcroft area, eastern california: Ar-40/Ar-39 geochronologic study of horublende and biotite from igneous and metamorphic rocks INTERNATIONAL GEOLOGY REVIEW Hourigan, J., Ernst, W. G., Inan, E. E. 2003; 45 (10): 863-885
  • Low delta O-18 eclogites from the Kokchetav massif, northern Kazakhstan 4th International Eclogite Conference Masago, H., Rumble, D., Ernst, W. G., Parkinson, C. D., Maruyama, S. WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC. 2003: 579–87
  • Petrochemical and tectonic processes of UHP/HP terranes II: Preface JOURNAL OF METAMORPHIC GEOLOGY Liou, J. G., Ernst, W. G., Ogasawara, Y. 2003; 21 (6): 513-514
  • Petrochemistry of granitic rocks in the Mount Barcroft area - Implications for arc evolution, central White Mountains, easternmost California GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA BULLETIN Ernst, W. G., Coleman, D. S., van de Ven, C. M. 2003; 115 (4): 499-512
  • Oxygen isotopic study of late mesozoic cooling of the mount Barcroft Area, central White Mountains, Eastern California CONTRIBUTIONS TO MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY Ernst, W. G., Rumble, D. 2003; 144 (6): 639-651
  • Granulysin crystal structure and a structure-derived lytic mechanism JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR BIOLOGY Anderson, D. H., Sawaya, M. R., Cascio, D., Ernst, W., Modlin, R., Krensky, A., Eisenberg, D. 2003; 325 (2): 355-365

    Abstract

    Our crystal structure of granulysin suggests a mechanism for lysis of bacterial membranes by granulysin, a 74-residue basic protein from human cytolytic T lymphocyte and natural killer cells. We determined the initial crystal structure of selenomethionyl granulysin by MAD phasing at 2A resolution. We present the structure model refined using native diffraction data to 0.96A resolution. The five-helical bundle of granulysin resembles other "saposin folds" (such as NK-lysin). Positive charges distribute in a ring around the granulysin molecule, and one face has net positive charge. Sulfate ions bind near the segment of the molecule identified as most membrane-lytic and of highest hydrophobic moment. The ion locations may indicate granulysin's orientation of initial approach towards the membrane. The crystal packing reveals one way to pack a sheet of granulysin molecules at the cell surface for a concerted lysis effort. The energy of binding granulysin charges to the bacterial membrane could drive the subsequent lytic processes. The loosely packed core facilitates a hinge or scissors motion towards exposure of hydrophobic surface that we propose tunnels the granulysin into the fracturing target membrane.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/S0022-2836(02)01234-2

    View details for Web of Science ID 000180514700009

    View details for PubMedID 12488100

  • Report on Pardee Symposium K4, 2002 GSA Annual Meeting, Denver, Colorado, October 28, 2002 GSA Today Ernst, W. G., Heiken, G., Landon, S. M., Leahy, P. P., Moores, E. 2003; 13: 27-28
  • Thermal relaxation of a magmatic arc complex, Mount Barcroft area, eastern California: 40Ar/39Ar geochronologic study of hornblende and biotite from igneous and metamorphic rocks International Geology Review Hourigan, J., Ernst, W. G., Inan, E. E. 2003; 45: 863-885
  • Oxygen isotopic study of Late Mesozoic cooling of the Mount Barcroft area, central White Mountains, eastern California Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology Ernst, W. G., Rumble, D. III 2003; 144: 637-651
  • Ultra-rapid exhumation of ultrahigh pressure diamond-bearing metasedimentary and meta-igneous rocks of the Kokchetav Massif Lithosphere Hacker, B. R., Calvert, A. T., Zhang, R. Y., Ernst, W. G., Liou, J. G. 2003; 70: 61-75
  • Relationships among vegetation, geology, and climatic zones in the central White-Inyo Range, eastern California Geological Society of America Bulletin Ernst, W. G., de Ven, V., M., C., Lyon, R. J. P. 2003; 115: 1583-1597
  • Geological Society of America Special Paper No. 373 Ernst, W. G. Soc. Amer. Special Paper No. 373. 504p. 2003: 365–384
  • Low d18O eclogites from the Kokchetav massif, northern Kazakhstan Journal of Metamorphic Geology Masago, H., Rumble, D., Iii, E., G., W., Parkinson, C. D., Maruyama, S. 2003; 21: 579-587
  • Petrochemistry of granitic rocks in the Mount Barcroft area--implications for arc evolution, central White Mountains, easternmost California Geological Society of America Bulletin Ernst, W. G., Coleman, D. S., Van de Ven, C. M. 2003; 115: 499-512
  • Global equity and sustainable earth resource consumption requires super-efficient extraction-conservation-recycling and ubiquitous, inexpensive energy INTERNATIONAL GEOLOGY REVIEW Ernst, W. G. 2002; 44 (12): 1072-1091
  • Petrochemical and tectonic processes of UHP/HP terranes I: Preface INTERNATIONAL GEOLOGY REVIEW Liou, J. G., Ernst, W. G., Ogasawara, Y. 2002; 44 (9): 765-769
  • Paragenesis and thermobarometry of Ca-amphiboles in the Barcroft granodioritic pluton, central White Mountains, eastern California AMERICAN MINERALOGIST Ernst, W. G. 2002; 87 (4): 478-490
  • Subduction, ultrahigh-pressure metamorphism, and regurgitation of buoyant crustal slices - implications for arcs and continental growth Workshop on Processes and Consequences of Deep Subduction Ernst, W. G. ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV. 2001: 253–75
  • The increasing severity of circumpacific natural disasters Annual Meeting of the American-Association-for-the-Advancement-of-Science Ernst, W. G. BELLWETHER PUBL LTD. 2001: 380–90
  • Chemical fine structure of Franciscan jadeitic pyroxene from Ward Creek, Cazadero area, California AMERICAN MINERALOGIST Banno, S., Shibakusa, H., Enami, M., Wang, C. L., Ernst, W. G. 2000; 85 (11-12): 1795-1798
  • Petrotectonic evolution of the high- to ultrahigh-pressure Maksyutov Complex, Karayanova area, south Ural Mountains: structural and oxygen isotope constraints International Workshop on UHP Metamorphism and Exhumation Leech, M. L., Ernst, W. G. ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV. 2000: 235–52
  • Continental collision, mountain building, and diamonds in the rough (Geology, tectonics) PROCEEDINGS OF THE AMERICAN PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY Ernst, W. G. 2000; 144 (1): 1-32
  • Petrological characterization and tectonic significance of retrogressed garnet peridotites, Raobazhai area, North Dabie Complex, east-central China AGU Special Session on UHP Metamorphism and Geodynamics in Collision-Type Orogenic Belts Tsai, C. H., Liou, J. G., Ernst, W. G. WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC. 2000: 181–92
  • H2O and ultrahigh-pressure subsolidus phase relations for mafic and ultramafic systems INTERNATIONAL GEOLOGY REVIEW Ernst, W. G. 1999; 41 (10): 886-894
  • Hornblende, the continent maker-Evolution of H2O during circum-Pacific subduction versus continental collision GEOLOGY Ernst, W. G. 1999; 27 (8): 675-678
  • Island arc-related, back-arc basinal, and oceanic-island components of the Bela Ophiolite-Melange complex, Pakistan INTERNATIONAL GEOLOGY REVIEW Ahmed, Z., Ernst, W. G. 1999; 41 (8): 739-763
  • Mesozoic petrotectonic development of the Sawyers Bar suprasubduction-zone arc, central Klamath Mountains, northern California GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA BULLETIN Ernst, W. G. 1999; 111 (8): 1217-1232
  • Metamorphism, partial preservation, and exhumation of ultrahigh-pressure belts ISLAND ARC Ernst, W. G. 1999; 8 (2): 125-153
  • Overview of UHP metamorphism and tectonics in well-studied collisional orogens INTERNATIONAL GEOLOGY REVIEW Ernst, W. G., Liou, J. G. 1999; 41 (6): 477-493
  • Experimental phase-equilibrium study of Al- and Ti-contents of calcic amphibole in MORB - A semiquantitative thermobarometer AMERICAN MINERALOGIST Ernst, W. G., Liu, J. 1998; 83 (9-10): 952-969
  • Graphite pseudomorphs after diamond? A carbon isotope and spectroscopic study of graphite cuboids from the Maksyutov Complex, south Ural Mountains, Russia GEOCHIMICA ET COSMOCHIMICA ACTA Leech, M. L., Ernst, W. G. 1998; 62 (12): 2143-2154
  • Deformation and metamorphism of the Marble Mountain and Pony Camp areas, Western Triassic and Paleozoic belt, central Klamath Mountains, northwestern California INTERNATIONAL GEOLOGY REVIEW Miller, D. E., Ernst, W. G. 1998; 40 (5): 411-451
  • Ultrahigh-pressure metamorphism and decompressional P-T paths of eclogites and country rocks from Weihai, eastern China: Reply ISLAND ARC Zhang, R. Y., Liou, J. G., Ernst, W. G. 1998; 7 (1-2): 250-252
  • Chemical microstructure of Franciscan jadeite from Pacheco Pass, California AMERICAN MINERALOGIST Radvanec, M., Banno, S., Ernst, W. G. 1998; 83 (3-4): 273-279
  • Mineral parageneses in the Piampaludo eclogitic body, Gruppo di Voltri, Western Ligurian Alps 5th International Eclogite Conference 1997 (FIEC) Liou, J. G., Zhang, R. Y., Ernst, W. G., Liu, J., McLimans, R. STAUBLI VERLAG AG. 1998: 317–35
  • Deformation and metamorphism of the Marble Mountain and Pony Camp areas, Western Triassic and Paleozoic belt, central Klamath Mountains, northwestern California Symposium on Integrated Earth and Environmental Evolution of the Southwestern United States Miller, D. E., Ernst, W. G. BELLWETHER PUBLISHING, LTD. 1998: 443–483
  • High-pressure minerals from deeply subducted metamorphic rocks Short Course on Ultrahigh-Pressure Mineralogy - Physics and Chemistry of the Earths Deep Interior Liou, J. G., Zhang, R. Y., Ernst, W. G., Rumble, D., Maruyama, S. MINERALOGICAL SOC AMER. 1998: 33–96
  • Buoyancy-driven, rapid exhumation of ultrahigh-pressure metamorphosed continental crust PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Ernst, W. G., Maruyama, S., Wallis, S. 1997; 94 (18): 9532-9537

    Abstract

    Preservation of ultrahigh-pressure (UHP) minerals formed at depths of 90-125 km require unusual conditions. Our subduction model involves underflow of a salient (250 +/- 150 km wide, 90-125 km long) of continental crust embedded in cold, largely oceanic crust-capped lithosphere; loss of leading portions of the high-density oceanic lithosphere by slab break-off, as increasing volumes of microcontinental material enter the subduction zone; buoyancy-driven return toward midcrustal levels of a thin (2-15 km thick), low-density slice; finally, uplift, backfolding, normal faulting, and exposure of the UHP terrane. Sustained over approximately 20 million years, rapid ( approximately 5 mm/year) exhumation of the thin-aspect ratio UHP sialic sheet caught between cooler hanging-wall plate and refrigerating, downgoing lithosphere allows withdrawal of heat along both its upper and lower surfaces. The intracratonal position of most UHP complexes reflects consumption of an intervening ocean basin and introduction of a sialic promontory into the subduction zone. UHP metamorphic terranes consist chiefly of transformed, yet relatively low-density continental crust compared with displaced mantle material-otherwise such complexes could not return to shallow depths. Relatively rare metabasaltic, metagabbroic, and metacherty lithologies retain traces of phases characteristic of UHP conditions because they are massive, virtually impervious to fluids, and nearly anhydrous. In contrast, H2O-rich quartzofeldspathic, gneissose/schistose, more permeable metasedimentary and metagranitic units have backreacted thoroughly, so coesite and other UHP silicates are exceedingly rare. Because of the initial presence of biogenic carbon, and its especially sluggish transformation rate, UHP paragneisses contain the most abundantly preserved crustal diamonds.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1997XU45500005

    View details for PubMedID 11038569

  • Experimental study on the pressure dependence of vitrinite maturation GEOCHIMICA ET COSMOCHIMICA ACTA Torre, M. D., Mahlmann, R. F., Ernst, W. G. 1997; 61 (14): 2921-2928
  • Metamorphic evolution of diamond-bearing and associated rocks from the Kokchetav Massif, northern Kazakhstan JOURNAL OF METAMORPHIC GEOLOGY Zhang, R. Y., Liou, J. G., Ernst, W. G., Coleman, R. G., Sobolev, N. V., Shatsky, V. S. 1997; 15 (4): 479-496
  • Metamorphism of mafic dikes from the central White-Inyo Range, eastern California CONTRIBUTIONS TO MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY Ernst, W. G. 1997; 128 (1): 30-44
  • Tectonics - Seeing a mountain in a grain of garnet SCIENCE Liou, J. G., Maruyama, S., Ernst, W. G. 1997; 276 (5309): 48-49
  • Submarine and superimposed contact metamorphic oxygen isotopic exchange in an oceanic arc, Sawyers Bar area, central Klamath Mountains, California, USA GEOCHIMICA ET COSMOCHIMICA ACTA Ernst, W. G., Kolodny, Y. 1997; 61 (4): 821-834
  • Petrochemical study of regional/contact metamorphism in metaclastic strata of the central White-Inyo Range, eastern California GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA BULLETIN Ernst, W. G. 1996; 108 (12): 1528-1548
  • Stability of hydrous phases in subducting oceanic crust EARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCE LETTERS Liu, J., Bohlen, S. R., Ernst, W. G. 1996; 143 (1-4): 161-171
  • Study of the reed dolomite aided by remotely sensed imagery, Central White-Inyo Range, easternmost California AAPG BULLETIN-AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF PETROLEUM GEOLOGISTS Ernst, W. G., Paylor, E. D. 1996; 80 (7): 1008-1026
  • TIMESCALES OF OROGENY - JURASSIC CONSTRUCTION OF THE KLAMATH MOUNTAINS TECTONICS Hacker, B. R., Donato, M. M., Barnes, C. G., McWilliams, M. O., Ernst, W. G. 1995; 14 (3): 677-703
  • CONTRASTING PLATE-TECTONIC STYLES OF THE QINLING-DABIE-SULU AND FRANCISCAN METAMORPHIC BELTS GEOLOGY Ernst, W. G., Liou, J. G. 1995; 23 (4): 353-356
  • PRESENTATION OF THE ROEBLING MEDAL OF THE MINERALOGICAL-SOCIETY-OF-AMERICA FOR 1992 TO YODER,HATTEN,S. AMERICAN MINERALOGIST Ernst, W. G. 1993; 78 (7-8): 850-850
  • HIGH-PRESSURE LOW-TEMPERATURE METAMORPHISM IN NORTHERN HUBEI PROVINCE, CENTRAL CHINA JOURNAL OF METAMORPHIC GEOLOGY Zhou, G., Liu, Y. J., Eide, E. A., Liou, J. G., Ernst, W. G. 1993; 11 (4): 561-574
  • METAMORPHISM OF FRANCISCAN TECTONOSTRATIGRAPHIC ASSEMBLAGE, PACHECO PASS AREA, EAST-CENTRAL DIABLO RANGE, CALIFORNIA COAST RANGES GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA BULLETIN Ernst, W. G. 1993; 105 (5): 618-636
  • GENESIS AND EVOLUTION OF A PERMIAN-JURASSIC MAGMATIC ARC ACCRETIONARY WEDGE, AND REEVALUATION OF TERRANES IN THE CENTRAL KLAMATH MOUNTAINS TECTONICS Hacker, B. R., Ernst, W. G., McWilliams, M. O. 1993; 12 (2): 387-409
  • CHEMICALLY DISTINCT MAFIC DIKE SILL SEQUENCES OF CONTRASTING AGE RANGES, SAWYERS BAR AREA, CENTRAL KLAMATH MOUNTAINS, NORTHERN CALIFORNIA JOURNAL OF PETROLOGY Ernst, W. G. 1993; 34 (1): 63-75
  • EVOLUTION IN THE UNDERSTANDING OF METAMORPHISM OF BASALTIC ROCKS AND THEIR TECTONIC SETTINGS - A PERSONAL PERSPECTIVE NEW ZEALAND JOURNAL OF GEOLOGY AND GEOPHYSICS Ernst, W. G. 1993; 36 (3): 269-280
  • METAMORPHISM, GEOCHEMISTRY AND ORIGIN OF MAGNESIAN VOLCANIC-ROCKS, KLAMATH MOUNTAINS, CALIFORNIA JOURNAL OF METAMORPHIC GEOLOGY Hacker, B. R., Ernst, W. G., BARTON, M. D. 1992; 10 (1): 55-69
  • PETROLOGICAL SETTING AND INFERRED PLATE TECTONIC HISTORY OF THE SAWYERS BAR TERRANE, CENTRAL KLAMATH MOUNTAINS, NORTHERN CALIFORNIA CANADIAN MINERALOGIST Ernst, W. G. 1991; 29: 1051-1068
  • AN EXPERIMENTAL-DETERMINATION OF CALCIC AMPHIBOLE SOLID-SOLUTION ALONG THE JOIN TREMOLITE-TSCHERMAKITE AMERICAN MINERALOGIST Cho, M. S., Ernst, W. G. 1991; 76 (5-6): 985-1001
  • IGNEOUS PETROGENESIS OF MAGNESIAN METAVOLCANIC ROCKS FROM THE CENTRAL KLAMATH MOUNTAINS, NORTHERN CALIFORNIA GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA BULLETIN Ernst, W. G., Hacker, B. R., BARTON, M. D., Sen, G. 1991; 103 (1): 56-72
  • LASER SPECTROSCOPY OF CROSSED MOLECULAR-BEAMS - THE DISSOCIATION-ENERGY OF BAL FROM ENERGY-BALANCE MEASUREMENTS JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS VACCARO, P. H., Zhao, D., Tsekouras, A. A., Leach, C. A., Ernst, W. E., Zare, R. N. 1990; 93 (12): 8544-8556
  • METAMORPHISM IN ALLOCHTHONOUS AND AUTOCHTHONOUS TERRANES OF THE WESTERN UNITED-STATES PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON SERIES A-MATHEMATICAL PHYSICAL AND ENGINEERING SCIENCES Ernst, W. G. 1990; 331 (1620): 549-570
  • LATE ARCHEAN SM-ND ISOCHRON AGE FOR MAFIC-ULTRAMAFIC SUPRACRUSTAL AMPHIBOLITES FROM THE NORTHEASTERN SINO-KOREAN CRATON, CHINA PRECAMBRIAN RESEARCH JAHN, B. M., Ernst, W. G. 1990; 46 (4): 295-306
  • STARK-EFFECT STUDIES IN XENON AUTO-IONIZING RYDBERG STATES USING A TUNABLE EXTREME-ULTRAVIOLET LASER SOURCE PHYSICAL REVIEW A Ernst, W. E., Softley, T. P., Zare, R. N. 1988; 37 (11): 4172-4183
  • A GENERAL-PURPOSE XUV LASER SPECTROMETER - SOME APPLICATIONS TO N-2, O-2 AND CO2 CHEMICAL PHYSICS Softley, T. P., Ernst, W. E., TASHIRO, L. M., Zare, R. N. 1987; 116 (3): 299-309
  • CRUSTAL ACCRETION AND METAMORPHISM IN TAIWAN, A POSTPALEOZOIC MOBILE BELT PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY A-MATHEMATICAL PHYSICAL AND ENGINEERING SCIENCES Ernst, W. G., JAHN, B. M. 1987; 321 (1557): 129-161
  • HYPERFINE-STRUCTURE OF THE BAL X 2-SIGMA+ AND C-PI-STATES JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS Ernst, W. E., Kandler, J., Noda, C., MCKILLOP, J. S., Zare, R. N. 1986; 85 (7): 3735-3743
  • PALEOGEOGRAPHIC ORIGINS OF THE MIOCENE EAST TAIWAN OPHIOLITE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SCIENCE Suppe, J., Liou, J. G., Ernst, W. G. 1981; 281 (3): 228-246
  • OCEANIC RIDGE METAMORPHISM OF THE EAST TAIWAN OPHIOLITE CONTRIBUTIONS TO MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY Liou, J. G., Ernst, W. G. 1979; 68 (3): 335-348