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  • Cryo-EM structure and molecular mechanism of abscisic acid transporter ABCG25 NATURE PLANTS Huang, X., Zhang, X., An, N., Zhang, M., Ma, M., Yang, Y., Jing, L., Wang, Y., Chen, Z., Zhang, P. 2023


    Abscisic acid (ABA) is one of the plant hormones that regulate various physiological processes, including stomatal closure, seed germination and development. ABA is synthesized mainly in vascular tissues and transported to distal sites to exert its physiological functions. Many ABA transporters have been identified, however, the molecular mechanism of ABA transport remains elusive. Here we report the cryogenic electron microscopy structure of the Arabidopsis thaliana adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette G subfamily ABA exporter ABCG25 (AtABCG25) in inward-facing apo conformation, ABA-bound pre-translocation conformation and outward-facing occluded conformation. Structural and biochemical analyses reveal that the ABA bound with ABCG25 adopts a similar configuration as that in ABA receptors and that the ABA-specific binding is dictated by residues from transmembrane helices TM1, TM2 and TM5a of each protomer at the transmembrane domain interface. Comparison of different conformational structures reveals conformational changes, especially those of transmembrane helices and residues constituting the substrate translocation pathway during the cross-membrane transport process. Based on the structural data, a 'gate-flipper' translocation model of ABCG25-mediated ABA cross-membrane transport is proposed. Our structural data on AtABCG25 provide new clues to the physiological study of ABA and shed light on its potential applications in plants and agriculture.

    View details for DOI 10.1038/s41477-023-01509-7

    View details for Web of Science ID 001061915300005

    View details for PubMedID 37666961

    View details for PubMedCentralID 2836657

  • Molecular mechanism underlying regulation of Arabidopsis CLCa transporter by nucleotides and phospholipids NATURE COMMUNICATIONS Yang, Z., Zhang, X., Ye, S., Zheng, J., Huang, X., Yu, F., Chen, Z., Cai, S., Zhang, P. 2023; 14 (1): 4879


    Chloride channels (CLCs) transport anion across membrane to regulate ion homeostasis and acidification of intracellular organelles, and are divided into anion channels and anion/proton antiporters. Arabidopsis thaliana CLCa (AtCLCa) transporter localizes to the tonoplast which imports NO3- and to a less extent Cl- from cytoplasm. The activity of AtCLCa and many other CLCs is regulated by nucleotides and phospholipids, however, the molecular mechanism remains unclear. Here we determine the cryo-EM structures of AtCLCa bound with NO3- and Cl-, respectively. Both structures are captured in ATP and PI(4,5)P2 bound conformation. Structural and electrophysiological analyses reveal a previously unidentified N-terminal β-hairpin that is stabilized by ATP binding to block the anion transport pathway, thereby inhibiting the AtCLCa activity. While AMP loses the inhibition capacity due to lack of the β/γ- phosphates required for β-hairpin stabilization. This well explains how AtCLCa senses the ATP/AMP status to regulate the physiological nitrogen-carbon balance. Our data further show that PI(4,5)P2 or PI(3,5)P2 binds to the AtCLCa dimer interface and occupies the proton-exit pathway, which may help to understand the inhibition of AtCLCa by phospholipids to facilitate guard cell vacuole acidification and stomatal closure. In a word, our work suggests the regulatory mechanism of AtCLCa by nucleotides and phospholipids under certain physiological scenarios and provides new insights for future study of CLCs.

    View details for DOI 10.1038/s41467-023-40624-z

    View details for Web of Science ID 001049310000012

    View details for PubMedID 37573431

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC10423218