Applications of Machine Learning in Routine Laboratory Medicine: Current State and Future Directions.
Machine learning is able to leverage large amounts of data to infer complex patterns that are otherwise beyond the capabilities of rule-based systems and human experts. Its application to laboratory medicine is particularly exciting, as laboratory testing provides much of the foundation for clinical decision making. In this article, we provide a brief introduction to machine learning for the medical professional in addition to a comprehensive literature review outlining the current state of machine learning as it has been applied to routine laboratory medicine. Although still in its early stages, machine learning has been used to automate laboratory tasks, optimize utilization, and provide personalized reference ranges and test interpretation. The published literature leads us to believe that machine learning will be an area of increasing importance for the laboratory practitioner. We envision the laboratory of the future will utilize these methods to make significant improvements in efficiency and diagnostic precision.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.clinbiochem.2022.02.011
View details for PubMedID 35227670
Machine Learning Predictability of Clinical Next Generation Sequencing for Hematologic Malignancies to Guide High-Value Precision Medicine.
AMIA ... Annual Symposium proceedings. AMIA Symposium
2021; 2021: 641-650
Advancing diagnostic testing capabilities such as clinical next generation sequencing methods offer the potential to diagnose, risk stratify, and guide specialized treatment, but must be balanced against the escalating costs of healthcare to identify patient cases most likely to benefit from them. Heme-STAMP (Stanford Actionable Mutation Panel for Hematopoietic and Lymphoid Malignancies) is one such next generation sequencing test. Our objective is to assess how well Heme-STAMP pathological variants can be predicted given electronic health records data available at the time of test ordering. The model demonstrated AUROC 0.74 (95% CI: [0.72, 0.76]) with 99% negative predictive value at 6% specificity. A benchmark for comparison is the prevalence of positive results in the dataset at 58.7%. Identifying patients with very low or very high predicted probabilities of finding actionable mutations (positive result) could guide more precise high-value selection of patient cases to test.
View details for PubMedID 35308914