Professional Education

  • Bachelor of Science, Tsinghua University (2009)
  • Doctor of Philosophy, Johns Hopkins University (2019)
  • B.S., Tsinghua University, Biological Sciences (2009)
  • Ph.D., Johns Hopkins University, Biochemistry (2019)

Stanford Advisors

All Publications

  • Dual-specificity RNA aptamers enable manipulation of target-specific O-GlcNAcylation and unveil functions of O-GlcNAc on beta-catenin. Cell Zhu, Y., Hart, G. W. 2022


    O-GlcNAc is a dynamic post-translational modification (PTM) that regulates protein functions. In studying the regulatory roles of O-GlcNAc, a major roadblock is the inability to change O-GlcNAcylation on a single protein at a time. Herein, we developed a dual RNA-aptamer-based approach that simultaneously targeted O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) and beta-catenin, the key transcription factor of the Wnt signaling pathway, to selectively increase O-GlcNAcylation of the latter without affecting other OGT substrates. Using the OGT/beta-catenin dual-specificity aptamers, we found that O-GlcNAcylation of beta-catenin stabilizes the protein by inhibiting its interaction with beta-TrCP. O-GlcNAc also increases beta-catenin's interaction with EZH2, recruits EZH2 to promoters, and dramatically alters the transcriptome. Further, by coupling riboswitches or an inducible expression system to aptamers, we enabled inducible regulation of protein-specific O-GlcNAcylation. Together, our findings demonstrate the efficacy and versatility of dual-specificity aptamers for regulating O-GlcNAcylation on individual proteins.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.cell.2022.12.016

    View details for PubMedID 36626902