Management of Pregnancy in Lupus
RHEUMATIC DISEASE CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA
2021; 47 (3): 441-455
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease that primarily affects women of childbearing age. Pregnancy-related morbidity and mortality are well described in SLE; however, better management of disease activity throughout the disease course have minimized periods of disease activity and damage accrual, making pregnancy more feasible and desirable. A growing body of literature has defined risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes in patients with SLE, and coordinated medical and obstetric management has allowed most patients with SLE to safely achieve full-term pregnancies by timing pregnancy to maximal disease quiescence and use of pregnancy-compatible medications from preconception through lactation.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.rdc.2021.04.008
View details for Web of Science ID 000669224000011
View details for PubMedID 34215373
- REFRACTORY HEMORRHAGIC SHOCK SECONDARY TO ACQUIRED HEMOPHILIA A ELSEVIER. 2019: 1964A
Kikuchi-Fujimoto Disease: An Atypical Presentation of a Rare Disease
2019; 11 (2): e3999
Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease (KFD), or necrotizing histiocytic lymphadenitis, is a rare cause of lymphadenopathy and fever. Although the clinical course is usually benign, KFD is often mistaken for malignancy or infection. Recognition of typical and atypical cases of KFD is necessary to avoid unnecessary interventions. Here we report an atypical presentation of KFD with diffuse lymphadenopathy and leukocytosis associated with high levels of circulating Epstein-Barr viral DNA.
View details for DOI 10.7759/cureus.3999
View details for Web of Science ID 000461528200006
View details for PubMedID 30989008
View details for PubMedCentralID PMC6445562
Significantly reduced lymphadenopathy, salivary gland infiltrates and proteinuria in MRL-lpr/lpr mice treated with ultrasoluble curcumin/turmeric: increased survival with curcumin treatment
LUPUS SCIENCE & MEDICINE
2015; 2 (1): e000114
Commercial curcumin (CU), derived from food spice turmeric (TU), has been widely studied as a potential therapeutic for a variety of oncological and inflammatory conditions. Lack of solubility/bioavailability has hindered curcumin's therapeutic efficacy in human diseases. We have solubilised curcumin in water applying heat/pressure, obtaining up to 35-fold increase in solubility (ultrasoluble curcumin (UsC)). We hypothesised that UsC or ultrasoluble turmeric (UsT) will ameliorate systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and Sjögren's syndrome (SS)-like disease in MRL-lpr/lpr mice.Eighteen female MRL-lpr/lpr (6 weeks old) and 18 female MRL-MpJ mice (6 weeks old) were used. Female MRL-lpr/lpr mice develop lupus-like disease at the 10th week and die at an average age of 17 weeks. MRL-MpJ mice develop lupus-like disease around 47 weeks and typically die at 73 weeks. Six mice of each strain received autoclaved water only (lpr-water or MpJ-water group), UsC (lpr-CU or MpJ-CU group) or UsT (lpr-TU or MpJ-TU group) in the water bottle.UsC or UsT ameliorates SLE in the MRL-lpr/lpr mice by significantly reducing lymphoproliferation, proteinuria, lesions (tail) and autoantibodies. lpr-CU group had a 20% survival advantage over lpr-water group. However, lpr-TU group lived an average of 16 days shorter than lpr-water group due to complications unrelated to lupus-like illness. CU/TU treatment inhibited lymphadenopathy significantly compared with lpr-water group (p=0.03 and p=0.02, respectively) by induction of apoptosis. Average lymph node weights were 2606±1147, 742±331 and 385±68 mg, respectively, for lpr-water, lpr-CU and lpr-TU mice. Transferase dUTP nick end labelling assay showed that lymphocytes in lymph nodes of lpr-CU and lpr-TU mice underwent apoptosis. Significantly reduced cellular infiltration of the salivary glands in the lpr-TU group compared with the lpr-water group, and a trend towards reduced kidney damage was observed in the lpr-CU and lpr-TU groups.These studies show that UsC/UsT could prove useful as a therapeutic intervention in SLE/SS.
View details for DOI 10.1136/lupus-2015-000114
View details for Web of Science ID 000447601100029
View details for PubMedID 26380101
View details for PubMedCentralID PMC4567741
Chloroquine Is a Zinc Ionophore
2014; 9 (10): e109180
Chloroquine is an established antimalarial agent that has been recently tested in clinical trials for its anticancer activity. The favorable effect of chloroquine appears to be due to its ability to sensitize cancerous cells to chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and induce apoptosis. The present study investigated the interaction of zinc ions with chloroquine in a human ovarian cancer cell line (A2780). Chloroquine enhanced zinc uptake by A2780 cells in a concentration-dependent manner, as assayed using a fluorescent zinc probe. This enhancement was attenuated by TPEN, a high affinity metal-binding compound, indicating the specificity of the zinc uptake. Furthermore, addition of copper or iron ions had no effect on chloroquine-induced zinc uptake. Fluorescent microscopic examination of intracellular zinc distribution demonstrated that free zinc ions are more concentrated in the lysosomes after addition of chloroquine, which is consistent with previous reports showing that chloroquine inhibits lysosome function. The combination of chloroquine with zinc enhanced chloroquine's cytotoxicity and induced apoptosis in A2780 cells. Thus chloroquine is a zinc ionophore, a property that may contribute to chloroquine's anticancer activity.
View details for DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0109180
View details for Web of Science ID 000343729600103
View details for PubMedID 25271834
View details for PubMedCentralID PMC4182877