Bio


What is the origin and the global structure of the universe?

For a long time, scientists believed that our universe was born in the big bang, as an expanding ball of fire. This scenario dramatically changed during the last 35 years. Now we think that initially the universe was rapidly inflating, being in an unstable energetic vacuum-like state. It became hot only later, when this vacuum-like state decayed. Quantum fluctuations produced during inflation are responsible for galaxy formation. In some places, these quantum fluctuations are so large that they can produce new rapidly expanding parts of the universe. This process makes the universe immortal and transforms it into a multiverse, a huge fractal consisting of many exponentially large parts with different laws of low-energy physics operating in each of them.

Professor Linde is one of the authors of inflationary theory and of the theory of an eternal inflationary multiverse. His work emphasizes the cosmological implications of string theory and supergravity.

Current areas of focus:

- Construction of realistic models of inflation based on supergravity and string theory
- Investigation of conceptual issues related to the theory of inflationary multiverse

Academic Appointments


Administrative Appointments


  • Harald Trap Friis Professor in Physics, Stanford University (2008 - 2015)
  • Professor of Physics, Stanford University (1990 - Present)
  • Professor, Lebedev Physical Institute (1985 - 1989)
  • Junior Research Fellow, Lebedev Physical Institute (1975 - 1985)

Honors & Awards


  • Kavli Prize in Astrophysics, The Kavli Foundation (2014)
  • Member, The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters (2014)
  • Fundamental Physics Prize, Fundamental Physics Prize Foundation (2012)
  • Member, American Academy of Arts and Sciences (2011)
  • Correspondent Member, Academy of Sciences and Humanties in Hamburg (2010)
  • Member, National Academy of Sciences (2008)
  • Medal of the Institute of Astrophysics, Institute of Astrophysics (2006)
  • Thomson Scientific Laureate in Physics, Thomson Reuters (2006)
  • Robinson Prize for Cosmology, Newcastle University (2005)
  • Humboldt Research Award, The Alexander von Humboldt Foundation (2004)
  • Peter Gruber Prize for Cosmology, The Gruber Foundation (2004)
  • Dirac Medal, International Centre for Theoretical Physics (2002)
  • Oskar Klein medal, Stockholm University (2001)
  • Lomonosov Award, Academy of Sciences of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (1978)

Boards, Advisory Committees, Professional Organizations


  • Staff Member, European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) (1989 - 1990)

Professional Education


  • Ph.D., Lebedev Physical Institute, Physics (1975)
  • B.S., Moscow State University, Physics (1971)

2016-17 Courses


All Publications


  • Inflation physics from the cosmic microwave background and large scale structure ASTROPARTICLE PHYSICS Abazajian, K. N., Arnold, K., Austermann, J., Benson, B. A., Bischoff, C., Bock, J., Bond, J. R., Borrill, J., Buder, I., Burke, D. L., Calabrese, E., Carlstrom, J. E., Carvalho, C. S., Chang, C., Chiang, H. C., Church, S., Cooray, A., Crawford, T. M., Crill, B. P., Dawson, K. S., Das, S., Devlin, M. J., Dobbs, M., Dodelson, S., Dore, O., Dunkley, J., Feng, J. L., Fraisse, A., Gallicchio, J., Giddings, S. B., Green, D., Halverson, N. W., Hanany, S., Hanson, D., Hildebrandt, S. R., HINCKS, A., Hlozek, R., Holder, G., Holzapfel, W. L., Honscheid, K., Horowitz, G., Hu, W., Hubmayr, J., Irwin, K., Jackson, M., Jones, W. C., Kallosh, R., Kamionkowski, M., Keating, B., Keisler, R., Kinney, W., Knox, L., Komatsu, E., Kovac, J., Kuo, C., Kusaka, A., Lawrence, C., Lee, A. T., Leitch, E., Linde, A., Linder, E., Lubin, P., Maldacena, J., Martinec, E., McMahon, J., Miller, A., Mukhanov, V., Newburgh, L., Niemack, M. D., Nguyen, H., Nguyen, H. T., Page, L., Pryke, C., Reichardt, C. L., Ruhl, J. E., Sehgal, N., Seljak, U., Senatore, L., Sievers, J., Silverstein, E., Slosar, A., Smith, K. M., Spergel, D., Staggs, S. T., Stark, A., Stompor, R., Vieregg, A. G., Wang, G., Watson, S., Wollack, E. J., Wu, W. L., Yoon, K. W., Zahn, O., Zaldarriaga, M. 2015; 63: 55-65
  • Dark energy equation of state and anthropic selection PHYSICAL REVIEW D Garriga, J., Linde, A., Vilenkin, A. 2004; 69 (6)
  • Supersymmetry and the brane world JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS Kallosh, R., Linde, A. 2000
  • INFLATION AND THE LARGE-SCALE STRUCTURE OF THE UNIVERSE IAU SYMPOSIA KOFMAN, L. A., Linde, A. D., Mukhanov, V. F. 1988: 51-62
  • COSMIC BUBBLES AS REMNANTS FROM INFLATION NATURE KOFMAN, L. A., Linde, A. D., Einasto, J. 1987; 326 (6108): 48-49
  • GENERATION OF DENSITY PERTURBATIONS IN INFLATIONARY COSMOLOGY NUCLEAR PHYSICS B KOFMAN, L. A., Linde, A. D. 1987; 282 (3-4): 555-588
  • INFLATIONARY UNIVERSE GENERATED BY THE COMBINED ACTION OF A SCALAR FIELD AND GRAVITATIONAL VACUUM POLARIZATION PHYSICS LETTERS B KOFMAN, L. A., Linde, A. D., Starobinsky, A. A. 1985; 157 (5-6): 361-367