Dr. Nevins specializes in the treatment of infections. He has practiced infectious disease medicine for more than 10 years. Dr. Nevins has a special interest in medical education.
- Infectious Disease
- medical education
Clinical Associate Professor, Medicine - Infectious Diseases
Medical Director, Standardized Patient Program, Stanford University School of Medicine (2007 - Present)
Medical Director, Masters of Science in Physician Assistant Studies Program (2016 - Present)
Associate Course Director, Practice of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine (2006 - Present)
Chair, California Consortium for the Assessment of Clinical Competence (2016 - 2018)
Chair, California Consortium for the Assessment of Clinical Competence (2012 - 2014)
Co-director, Infectious Diseases Training Program, Stanford University School of Medicine (2008 - 2015)
Senator At Large, Medical School Faculty Senate (2006 - 2012)
Honors & Awards
Outstanding Lecture/Presentation Award, Stanford University School of Medicine (2018)
Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation Award for Excellence in Preclinical Teaching, Stanford University School of Medicine (2017)
Asia Pacific Meeting on Simulation in Health Care Research Abstract Award, Society for Simulation in Health Care (2016)
Arthur L. Bloomfield Award in Recognition of Excellence in the Teaching of Clinical Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine (2009)
Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation Award for Excellence in Clinical Teaching, Stanford University School of Medicine (2008)
Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation Award for Excellence in Preclinical Teaching, Stanford University School of Medicine (2007)
Beckett Award for Excellence in Clinical Teaching, Department of Internal Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine (2003)
Medical Education:Weill Cornell Medical College (1999) NY
Fellowship:Stanford University Medical Center (2005) CA
Residency:Stanford University School of Medicine Registrar (2002) CA
Internship:Stanford University School of Medicine Registrar (2000) CA
MD, Cornell University Medical College, Medicine (1999)
MS, Stanford University, Epidemiology (1995)
BS, Stanford University, Biological Sciences (1994)
Board Certification: Infectious Disease, American Board of Internal Medicine (2004)
Board Certification: Internal Medicine, American Board of Internal Medicine (2002)
Current Research and Scholarly Interests
Clinical general infectious diseases. Medical education.
- Foundations of Clinical Medicine
PAS 201 (Aut)
- Medical Improvisation
INDE 273 (Aut)
- Independent Studies (5)
- Prior Year Courses
Promoting student case creation to enhance instruction of clinical reasoning skills: a pilot feasibility study
Advances in Medical Education and Practice
2018; 2018 (9): 249-257
It is a common educational practice for medical students to engage in case-based learning (CBL) exercises by working through clinical cases that have been developed by faculty. While such faculty-developed exercises have educational strengths, there are at least two major drawbacks to learning by this method: the number and diversity of cases is often limited; and students decrease their engagement with CBL cases as they grow accustomed to the teaching method. We sought to explore whether student case creation can address both of these limitations. We also compared student case creation to traditional clinical reasoning sessions in regard to tutorial group effectiveness, perceived gains in clinical reasoning, and quality of student-faculty interaction.Ten first-year medical students participated in a feasibility study wherein they worked in small groups to develop their own patient case around a preassigned diagnosis. Faculty provided feedback on case quality afterwards. Students completed pre- and post-self-assessment surveys. Students and faculty also participated in separate focus groups to compare their case creation experience to traditional CBL sessions.Students reported high levels of team engagement and peer learning, as well as increased ownership over case content and understanding of clinical reasoning nuances. However, students also reported decreases in student-faculty interaction and the use of visual aids (P < 0.05).The results of our feasibility study suggest that student-generated cases can be a valuable adjunct to traditional clinical reasoning instruction by increasing content ownership, encouraging student-directed learning, and providing opportunities to explore clinical nuances. However, these gains may reduce student-faculty interaction. Future studies may be able to identify an improved model of faculty participation, the ideal timing for incorporation of this method in a medical curriculum, and a more rigorous assessment of the impact of student case creation on the development of clinical reasoning skills.
View details for DOI 10.2147/AMEP.S155481
View details for PubMedCentralID PMC5903478
Validity Evidence and Scoring Guidelines for Standardized Patient Encounters and Patient Notes From a Multisite Study of Clinical Performance Examinations in Seven Medical Schools.
Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
2017; 92 (11S Association of American Medical Colleges Learn Serve Lead: Proceedings of the 56th Annual Research in Medical Education Sessions): S12–S20
To examine validity evidence of local graduation competency examination scores from seven medical schools using shared cases and to provide rater training protocols and guidelines for scoring patient notes (PNs).Between May and August 2016, clinical cases were developed, shared, and administered across seven medical schools (990 students participated). Raters were calibrated using training protocols, and guidelines were developed collaboratively across sites to standardize scoring. Data included scores from standardized patient encounters for history taking, physical examination, and PNs. Descriptive statistics were used to examine scores from the different assessment components. Generalizability studies (G-studies) using variance components were conducted to estimate reliability for composite scores.Validity evidence was collected for response process (rater perception), internal structure (variance components, reliability), relations to other variables (interassessment correlations), and consequences (composite score). Student performance varied by case and task. In the PNs, justification of differential diagnosis was the most discriminating task. G-studies showed that schools accounted for less than 1% of total variance; however, for the PNs, there were differences in scores for varying cases and tasks across schools, indicating a school effect. Composite score reliability was maximized when the PN was weighted between 30% and 40%. Raters preferred using case-specific scoring guidelines with clear point-scoring systems.This multisite study presents validity evidence for PN scores based on scoring rubric and case-specific scoring guidelines that offer rigor and feedback for learners. Variability in PN scores across participating sites may signal different approaches to teaching clinical reasoning among medical schools.
View details for DOI 10.1097/ACM.0000000000001918
View details for PubMedID 29065018
Assessing 3rd year medical students' interprofessional collaborative practice behaviors during a standardized patient encounter: A multi-institutional, cross-sectional study.
2015; 37 (10): 915-925
To understand how third-year medical student interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP) is affected by self-efficacy and interprofessional experiences (extracurricular experiences and formal curricula).The authors measured learner IPCP using an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) with a standardized nurse (SN) and standardized patient (SP) during a statewide clinical performance examination. At four California medical schools from April to August 2012, SPs and SNs rated learner IPCP (10 items, range 0-100) and patient-centered communication (10 items, range 0-100). Post-OSCE, students reported their interprofessional self-efficacy (16 items, 2 factors, range 1-10) and prior extracurricular interprofessional experiences (3 items). School representatives shared their interprofessional curricula during guided interviews.Four hundred sixty-four of 530 eligible medical students (88%) participated. Mean IPCP performance was 79.6 ± 14.1 and mean self-efficacy scores were 7.9 (interprofessional teamwork) and 7.1 (interprofessional feedback and evaluation). Seventy percent of students reported prior extracurricular interprofessional experiences; all schools offered formal interprofessional curricula. IPCP was associated with self-efficacy for interprofessional teamwork (β = 1.6, 95% CI [0.1, 3.1], p = 0.04) and patient-centered communication (β = 12.5, 95% CI [2.7, 22.3], p = 0.01).Medical student IPCP performance was associated with self-efficacy for interprofessional teamwork and patient-centered communication. Increasing interprofessional opportunities that influence medical students' self-efficacy may increase engagement in IPCP.
View details for DOI 10.3109/0142159X.2014.970628
View details for PubMedID 25313933
- Assessing 3rd year medical students' interprofessional collaborative practice behaviors during a standardized patient encounter: A multi-institutional, cross-sectional study MEDICAL TEACHER 2015; 37 (10): 915-925
Impact of student ethnicity and patient-centredness on communication skills performance
2010; 44 (7): 653-661
The development of patient-centred attitudes by health care providers is critical to improving health care quality. A prior study showed that medical students with more patient-centred attitudes scored higher in communication skills as judged by standardised patients (SPs) than students with less patient-centred attitudes. We designed this multicentre study to examine the relationships among students' demographic characteristics, patient-centredness and communication scores on an SP examination.Early Year 4 medical students at three US schools completed a 12-item survey during an SP examination. Survey items addressed demographics (gender, ethnicity, primary childhood language) and patient-centredness. Factor analysis on the patient-centredness items defined specific patient-centred attitudes. We used multiple regression analysis incorporating demographic characteristics, school and patient-centredness items and examined the effect of these variables on the outcome variable of communication score.A total of 351 students took the SP examination and 329 (94%) completed the patient-centredness questionnaire. Responses indicated generally high patient-centredness. Student ethnicity and medical school were significantly associated with communication scores; gender and primary childhood language were not. Two attitudinal factors were identified: patient perspective and impersonal attitude. Multiple regression analysis revealed that school and scores on the impersonal factor were associated with communication scores. The effect size was modest.In a medical student SP examination, modest differences in communication scores based on ethnicity were observed and can be partially explained by student attitudes regarding patient-centredness. Curricular interventions to enhance clinical experiences, teaching and feedback are needed to address key elements of a patient-centred approach to care.
View details for DOI 10.1111/j.1365-2923.2010.03632.x
View details for Web of Science ID 000278928700005
View details for PubMedID 20636584
Beyond Knowledge, Toward Linguistic Competency: An Experiential Curriculum
JOURNAL OF GENERAL INTERNAL MEDICINE
2010; 25: S155-S159
Training is essential for future health care providers to effectively communicate with limited English proficient (LEP) patients during interpreted encounters. Our aim is to describe an innovative skill-based medical school linguistic competency curriculum and its impact on knowledge and skills.At Stanford University School of Medicine, we incorporated a linguistic competency curriculum into a 2-year Practice of Medicine preclinical doctoring course and pediatrics clerkship over three cohorts.First year students participated in extensive interpreter-related training including: a knowledge-based online module, interactive role-play exercises, and didactic skill-building sessions. Students in the pediatrics clerkship participated in interpreted training exercises with facilitated feedback.Knowledge and skills were evaluated in the first and fourth years. First year students' knowledge scores increased (pre-test = 0.62, post-test = 0.89, P < 0.001), and they demonstrated good skill attainment during an end-year performance assessment. One cohort of students participated in the entire curriculum and maintained performance into the fourth year.Our curriculum increased knowledge and led to skill attainment, each of which showed good durability for a cohort of students evaluated 3 years later. With a growing LEP population, these skills are essential to foster in future health care providers to effectively communicate with LEP patients and reduce health disparities.
View details for DOI 10.1007/s11606-010-1271-7
View details for Web of Science ID 000277270300016
View details for PubMedID 20352511
View details for PubMedCentralID PMC2847115
International Cohort Analysis of the Antiviral Activities of Zidovudine and Tenofovir in the Presence of the K65R Mutation in Reverse Transcriptase
ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS AND CHEMOTHERAPY
2010; 54 (4): 1520-1525
A K65R mutation in HIV-1 reverse transcriptase can occur with the failure of tenofovir-, didanosine-, abacavir-, and, in some cases, stavudine-containing regimens and leads to reduced phenotypic susceptibility to these drugs and hypersusceptibility to zidovudine, but its clinical impact is poorly described. We identified isolates with the K65R mutation within the Stanford Resistance Database and a French cohort for which subsequent treatment and virological response data were available. The partial genotypic susceptibility score (pGSS) was defined as the genotypic susceptibility score (GSS) excluding the salvage regimen's nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI) component. A three-part virologic response variable was defined (e.g., complete virologic response, partial virologic response, and no virologic response). Univariate, multivariate, and bootstrap analyses evaluated factors associated with the virologic response, focusing on the contributions of zidovudine and tenofovir. Seventy-one of 130 patients (55%) achieved a complete virologic response (defined as an HIV RNA level of <200 copies/ml). In univariate analyses, pGSS and zidovudine use in the salvage regimen were predictors of the virologic response. In a multivariate analysis, pGSS and zidovudine and tenofovir use were associated with the virologic response. Bootstrap analyses showed similar reductions in HIV RNA levels with zidovudine or tenofovir use (0.5 to 0.9 log(10)). In the presence of K65R, zidovudine and tenofovir are associated with similar reductions in HIV RNA levels. Given its tolerability, tenofovir may be the preferred agent over zidovudine even in the presence of the K65R mutation.
View details for DOI 10.1128/AAC.01380-09
View details for Web of Science ID 000275662700017
View details for PubMedID 20124005
- An Elderly Man with Mediastinal Mass and Sepsis RESPIRATION 2010; 80 (2): 157-160
Acute pancreatitis after gastrointestinal endoscopy
JOURNAL OF CLINICAL GASTROENTEROLOGY
2002; 34 (1): 94-95
Acute pancreatitis is a well-recognized complication of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography but is not considered to be a complication associated with other endoscopic procedures. We present a case of acute pancreatitis that occurred after uneventful upper and lower gastrointestinal endoscopy. The temporal relationship of the endoscopic procedures and development of acute pancreatitis suggests a causal relation. Furthermore, the patient had none of the usual etiologic factors associated with pancreatitis, i.e., alcoholism, cholelithiasis, hypertriglyceridemia, hypercalcemia, or use of a drug associated with pancreatitis. The causal mechanism of acute pancreatitis is uncertain but might potentially involve local trauma to the pancreas during a procedure or release of as yet undefined inflammatory mediators. In summary, three previous reports of clinical pancreatitis associated with endoscopy, in addition to the current case, suggests that acute pancreatitis should be considered as a rare complication of routine upper endoscopy or colonoscopy.
View details for Web of Science ID 000172991300019
View details for PubMedID 11743255
Particle embolization for hepatocellular carcinoma
JOURNAL OF VASCULAR AND INTERVENTIONAL RADIOLOGY
1998; 9 (5): 822-828
To evaluate the outcome of all patients undergoing particle embolization for hepatocellular carcinoma at a single institution from January 1, 1993, through December 31, 1995.The charts and radiographs of all patients undergoing particle embolization during the study period were reviewed. The following information was collected: patient demographics, Child class and Okuda stage, number of embolization treatment sessions, length of hospital stay, complications related to the embolization procedure, including postembolization syndrome, current patient status, and date of death.Forty-six patients underwent 86 embolization sessions during the study period. Postembolization syndrome developed after 70 of the 86 sessions (81%); in four cases (4.6%) this required treatment that extended the patient's hospital stay. Three other complications occurred (3.5%), including a splenic infarct and two episodes of transient hepatic failure, all treated supportively. There was one death within 30 days, but it was not directly attributable to embolotherapy. Follow-up was available for all of the patients who underwent treatment. Thirty-four patients were classified as Child class A, and 12 were classified as Child class B. Thirty patients were classified as Okuda stage I, 14 were classified as Okuda stage II, and two were classified as Okuda stage III. Overall actuarial survival was 50% at 1 year and 33% at 2 years. There was a statistically significant difference in survival between Okuda stage I and stage II patients, but not between Child class A and class B patients.Particle embolization for hepatocellular carcinoma is well tolerated and demonstrates actuarial survival of 50% at 1 year and 33% at 2 years.
View details for Web of Science ID 000075979200017
View details for PubMedID 9756073