School of Engineering
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Jennifer R. Cochran
Shriram Chair of Bioengineering, Professor of Bioengineering and, by courtesy, of Chemical Engineering
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsMolecular Engineering, Protein Biochemistry, Biotechnology, Cell and Tissue Engineering, Molecular Imaging, Chemical Biology
BioBill is an innovation evangelist, inventor, and member of Stanford Design.
A long-time Lecturer in the School of Engineering, he currently leads the Stanford Foresight research program, the university’s Silicon Valley Innovation Academy, the Moonshot Garage, and his award-winning course series to “design the future”, ME410ABC Foresight & Innovation.
Across these programs, Bill empowers students to practice building the better future we all want, by converting long-range, technology-enabled visions into today’s radical innovations. This work has been scaled from a small emerging technology research focus (in partnership with Dr. John Feland) to become the long-running ME410 course series, which provided a stepping stone in the late 00s to power Stanford University’s Silicon Valley Innovation Academy with Dr. Tamara Carleton, which develops and launches over two-hundred moonshot leaders each year to tackle game-changing opportunities across the globe. He and his team now lead the Moonshot Alliance, a global expansion of these innovation-enabling programs, which has it’s own Moonshot Garage at Stanford.
The culmination of Stanford Foresight’s early work in vision-led innovation is available in “The Playbook for Strategic Foresight and Innovation—A Hands-on Guide for Modeling, Designing and Leading Your Company's Next Radical Innovation” authored by Dr. Carleton, which can be downloaded as a free PDF from https://www.innovation.io/playbook and found in print at Amazon.
Companies that Bill has worked with run the gamut: [As an employee] Apple Computer, DaimlerBenz Research & Technology, Eastman Kodak, SK Telecom; [That he founded] Scout Electromedia, Handstand; [Collaborated on foresight-led innovation] Airbus Group, Aalto University, Bank of the West, Crown Confectionery Co., Deutsche Bahn, Deutsche Bank, Forbes Marshall, Fortum, Institute for the Future (IFTF), Luleå University of Technology, Mahindra, Microsoft, Panasonic Corporation , Royal Institute of Technology [KTH], Sweden, Samsung Electronics, SAP, SKF Group, South Africa Energy Sector Education & Training Authority (ESETA), South Africa Services Sector Education and Training Authority (SSETA), South Africa Transport Education & Training Authority (TETA), Tata Chemicals Ltd., Tekes, UPM, Volkswagen/Audi, Volvo Aero, Volvo Construction Equipment (CE), Volvo IT, YLE, and likely a handful more.
Bill holds a Doctorate in Mechanical Engineering – Design from Stanford University where he was a researcher in the Center for Design Research studying the emergence of new ideas and new teams in Silicon Valley’s innovation ecosystem with Professors Larry Leifer, Woody Powell, and Steve Barley, and a Master in Computer Science from the Naval Postgraduate School where he was part of the ground-breaking NPSnet lab under Professor Mike Zyda, a researcher on Dr. Rick Satava’s DARPA Advanced Biomedical Training Program seeking to immerse a person wholly into virtual reality using two-handed haptics and omni-directional treadmills, and a co-founder of the Modelling, Virtual Environments, and Simulations degree which brought together the school’s Computer Science and Operations Research expertise.
Steven Hartley Collins
Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering
BioSteve Collins is an Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering at Stanford University, where he teaches courses on design and robotics and directs the Stanford Biomechatronics Laboratory. His primary focus is to speed and systematize the design and prescription of prostheses and exoskeletons using versatile device emulator hardware and human-in-the-loop optimization algorithms (Zhang et al. 2017, Science). Another interest is efficient autonomous devices, such as highly energy-efficient walking robots (Collins et al. 2005, Science) and exoskeletons that use no energy yet reduce the metabolic energy cost of human walking (Collins et al. 2015, Nature).
Prof. Collins received his B.S. in Mechanical Engineering in 2002 from Cornell University, where he performed research on passive dynamic walking robots with Andy Ruina. He received his Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering in 2008 from the University of Michigan, where he performed research on the dynamics and control of human walking with Art Kuo. He performed postdoctoral research on humanoid robots with Martijn Wisse at T. U. Delft in the Netherlands. He was a professor of Mechanical Engineering and Robotics at Carnegie Mellon University for seven years. In 2017, he joined the faculty of Mechanical Engineering at Stanford University.
Prof. Collins is a member of the Scientific Board of Dynamic Walking and the Editorial Board of Science Robotics. He has received the Young Scientist Award from the American Society of Biomechanics, the Best Medical Devices Paper from the International Conference on Robotics and Automation, and the student-voted Professor of the Year in his department.
Daniel Norbert Congreve
Acting Assistant Professor, Electrical Engineering
BioDan Congreve received his B.S. and M.S. from Iowa State in 2011, working with Vik Dalal studying defect densities of nano-crystalline and amorphous silicon. He received his PhD from MIT in 2015, studying under Marc Baldo. His thesis work focused on photonic energy conversion using singlet fission and triplet fusion as a downconverting and upconverting process, respectively. He joined the Rowland Institute at Harvard University in August 2016, where his current research efforts focus on controlling light and energy at the nanoscale. He will start as an Assistant Professor of Electrical Engineering at Stanford in Fall 2020.
BioCareer Highlights: successfully managed three $1b+ businesses (one as co-founder/President), two successful IPO’s, raised over $300m in private and public financing, former President of leader in clean energy services with successful IPO and successful Tesla merger, co-founder and former President/COO of worldwide leader in web development services with $3b+ market cap and successful IPO, managed 7,000+ employee organization, operating globally, awarded two "messaging" patents, executed 40+ M&A transactions while career path disrupted information technology, digital economy, Renewable Energy and Mobile sectors. Currently sitting on the boards of Buoy, Advanced MicroGrid Solutions, WildLifeDirect with Chairman Dr. Richard Leakey (former board member) and advisory boards at Inboard Technologies, YaDoggi and CruzFoam.
Professor of Management Science and Engineering, Emeritus
BioRichard W. (Dick) Cottle was born in Chicago in 1934. He received his elementary and high school education in the neighboring village of Oak Park. Dick enrolled at Harvard College to take up political science and premedical studies in order to become a physician (or possibly a foreign service officer if that didn't work out). As it happened, both of these alternatives were abandoned because he was strongly attracted to mathematics and ultimately received his bachelor's degree in that field. He stayed on at Harvard and received the master's degree in mathematics in 1958. This was the Sputnik era, and Dick was moved by a passion to teach secondary-level mathematics. In the first of a series of fateful decisions, he joined the Mathematics Department at the Middlesex School in Concord, Massachusetts where for two years he taught grades 7-12. Midway through this period he married his wife Suzanne (Sue). At this time he began to think of returning to graduate school for a doctorate in mathematics. He decided to study geometry at the University of California at Berkeley and was admitted there. Just before leaving Middlesex, Dick received a telephone call from the Radiation Laboratory at Berkeley offering him the part- time job as a computer programmer for which he had applied. Through this job, he became aware of linear and quadratic programming and the contributions of George Dantzig and Philip Wolfe. Before long, Dick left the Rad Lab to join Dantzig's team at the Operations Research Center at UC Berkeley. Under the tutelage of George Dantzig (and the late Edmund Eisenberg), Dick developed a symmetric duality theory and what was then called the "composite problem". These topics along with a reÃ«xamination of the Fritz John conditions, formed the core of his doctoral dissertation. The composite problem involved a fusion of the primal and dual first-order optimality conditions. It was realized that the resulting inequality system could be studied without reference to the primal-dual structure out of which it was born. The name "complementarity problem" was suggested by Dick and introduced in a joint paper with Habetler and Lemke. After Berkeley, Dick's work took two closely related directions. One was the study of quadratic programming; the other was what we now call "linear complementarity". The interesting role played by classes of matrices in both these areas has always held a special fascination for Dick. In quadratic programming, for instance, with Jacques Ferland he obtained characterizations of quasi- and pseudo-convexity of quadratic functions. Dick (and others) were quick to recognize the importance of matrix classes in linear complementarity theory. It was he who proposed the name "copositive-plus" for a matrix class that arose in Lemke's seminal paper of 1965. The name first appeared in the classic paper of Cottle and Dantzig called "Complementary Pivot Theory of Mathematical Programming". The subjects of quadratic programming and linear complementarity (and the associated matrix theory) remain central to his research interests.
Professor of Bioengineering and, by courtesy, of Chemical and Systems Biology
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsOur focus is on building computational models of complex biological processes, and using them to guide an experimental program. Such an approach leads to a relatively rapid identification and validation of previously unknown components and interactions. Biological systems of interest include metabolic, regulatory and signaling networks as well as cell-cell interactions. Current research involves the dynamic behavior of NF-kappaB, an important family of transcription factors.