All Publications

  • Linear-in-temperature resistivity for optimally superconducting (Nd,Sr)NiO2. Nature Lee, K., Wang, B. Y., Osada, M., Goodge, B. H., Wang, T. C., Lee, Y., Harvey, S., Kim, W. J., Yu, Y., Murthy, C., Raghu, S., Kourkoutis, L. F., Hwang, H. Y. 2023; 619 (7969): 288-292


    The occurrence of superconductivity in proximity to various strongly correlated phases of matter has drawn extensive focus on their normal state properties, to develop an understanding of the state from which superconductivity emerges1-4. The recent finding of superconductivity in layered nickelates raises similar interests5-8. However, transport measurements of doped infinite-layer nickelate thin films have been hampered by materials limitations of these metastable compounds: in particular, a high density of extended defects9-11. Here, by moving to a substrate (LaAlO3)0.3(Sr2TaAlO6)0.7 that better stabilizes the growth and reduction conditions, we can synthesize the doping series of Nd1-xSrxNiO2 essentially free from extended defects. In their absence, the normal state resistivity shows a low-temperature upturn in the underdoped regime, linear behaviour near optimal doping and quadratic temperature dependence for overdoping. This is phenomenologically similar to the copper oxides2,12 despite key distinctions-namely, the absence of an insulating parent compound5,6,9,10, multiband electronic structure13,14 and a Mott-Hubbard orbital alignment rather than the charge-transfer insulator of the copper oxides15,16. We further observe an enhancement of superconductivity, both in terms of transition temperature and range of doping. These results indicate a convergence in the electronic properties of both superconducting families as the scale of disorder in the nickelates is reduced.

    View details for DOI 10.1038/s41586-023-06129-x

    View details for PubMedID 37438595

    View details for PubMedCentralID 7812792

  • Effects of rare-earth magnetism on the superconducting upper critical field in infinite-layer nickelates. Science advances Wang, B. Y., Wang, T. C., Hsu, Y. T., Osada, M., Lee, K., Jia, C., Duffy, C., Li, D., Fowlie, J., Beasley, M. R., Devereaux, T. P., Fisher, I. R., Hussey, N. E., Hwang, H. Y. 2023; 9 (20): eadf6655


    The search for superconductivity in infinite-layer nickelates was motivated by analogy to the cuprates, and this perspective has framed much of the initial consideration of this material. However, a growing number of studies have highlighted the involvement of rare-earth orbitals; in that context, the consequences of varying the rare-earth element in the superconducting nickelates have been much debated. Here, we show notable differences in the magnitude and anisotropy of the superconducting upper critical field across the La-, Pr-, and Nd-nickelates. These distinctions originate from the 4f electron characteristics of the rare-earth ions in the lattice: They are absent for La3+, nonmagnetic for the Pr3+ singlet ground state, and magnetic for the Nd3+ Kramer's doublet. The unique polar and azimuthal angle-dependent magnetoresistance found in the Nd-nickelates can be understood to arise from the magnetic contribution of the Nd3+ 4f moments. Such robust and tunable superconductivity suggests potential in future high-field applications.

    View details for DOI 10.1126/sciadv.adf6655

    View details for PubMedID 37196089