Bio


David Sirkin is a Research Associate at Stanford University's Center for Design Research, where he focuses on design methodology, as well as the design of physical interactions between humans and robots, and autonomous vehicles and their interfaces. He is also a Lecturer in Electrical Engineering, where he teaches interactive device design. David frequently collaborates with, and consults for, local Silicon Valley and global technology companies including Siemens, SAP and Microsoft Research. He grew up in Florida, near the Everglades, and in Maine, near the lobsters.

Academic Appointments


  • Research Engineer, Mechanical Engineering

Patents


  • Gina D Venolia, George G Robertson, John C Tang, David M Sirkin, Bongshin Lee. "United States Patent 8520052, 9270936 Functionality for indicating direction of attention", Microsoft Research, Aug 27, 2013

2021-22 Courses


All Publications


  • Evaluation of smartphone interactions on drivers' brain function and vehicle control in an immersive simulated environment. Scientific reports Baker, J. M., Bruno, J. L., Piccirilli, A. n., Gundran, A. n., Harbott, L. K., Sirkin, D. M., Marzelli, M. n., Hosseini, S. M., Reiss, A. L. 2021; 11 (1): 1998

    Abstract

    Smartphones and other modern technologies have introduced multiple new forms of distraction that color the modern driving experience. While many smartphone functions aim to improve driving by providing the driver with real-time navigation and traffic updates, others, such as texting, are not compatible with driving and are often the cause of accidents. Because both functions elicit driver attention, an outstanding question is the degree to which drivers' naturalistic interactions with navigation and texting applications differ in regard to brain and behavioral indices of distracted driving. Here, we employed functional near-infrared spectroscopy to examine the cortical activity that occurs under parametrically increasing levels of smartphone distraction during naturalistic driving. Our results highlight a significant increase in bilateral prefrontal and parietal cortical activity that occurs in response to increasingly greater levels of smartphone distraction that, in turn, predicts changes in common indices of vehicle control.

    View details for DOI 10.1038/s41598-021-81208-5

    View details for PubMedID 33479322

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC7820246

  • Aladdin's magic carpet: Navigation by in-air static hand gesture in autonomous vehicles INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HUMAN-COMPUTER INTERACTION Qian, X., Ju, W., Sirkin, D. 2020
  • On-Road and Online Studies to Investigate Beliefs and Behaviors of Netherlands, US and Mexico Pedestrians Encountering Hidden-Driver Vehicles Li, J., Currano, R., Sirkin, D., Goedicke, D., Tennent, H., Levine, A., Evers, V., Ju, W., ACM ASSOC COMPUTING MACHINERY. 2020: 141–49
  • Half Day Workshop on Mental Models of Robots Rueben, M., Nikolaidis, S., de Graaf, M., Phillips, E., Robert, L., Sirkin, D., Kwon, M., Thellman, S., Assoc Comp Machinery ASSOC COMPUTING MACHINERY. 2020: 658-659
  • Defense Against the Dark Cars: How People Grief Autonomous Vehicles Moore, D., Currano, R., Shanks, M., Sirkin, D., Assoc Comp Machinery ASSOC COMPUTING MACHINERY. 2020: 642
  • The Forgotten in HRI: Incidental Encounters with Robots in Public Spaces Rosenthal-von der Putten, A., Sirkin, D., Abrams, A., Platte, L., Assoc Comp Machinery ASSOC COMPUTING MACHINERY. 2020: 656-657
  • Make This! Introduction to Electronics Prototyping Using Arduino Martelaro, N., Zamfirescu-Pereria, J. D., Goedicke, D., Sirkin, D., Ju, W., Assoc Comp Machinery ASSOC COMPUTING MACHINERY. 2020
  • Autonomous Vehicle-Pedestrian Interaction Across Cultures: Towards Designing Better External Human Machine Interfaces (eHMIs) Ranasinghe, C., Hollaender, K., Currano, R., Sirkin, D., Moore, D., Schneegass, S., Ju, W., Assoc Comp Machinery ASSOC COMPUTING MACHINERY. 2020
  • Defense Against the Dark Cars: Design Principles for Griefing of Autonomous Vehicles Moore, D., Currano, R., Shanks, M., Sirkin, D., ACM ASSOC COMPUTING MACHINERY. 2020: 201–9
  • The Car That Cried Wolf: Driver Responses to Missing, Perfectly Performing, and Oversensitive Collision Avoidance Systems Fu, E., Sibi, S., Miller, D., Johns, M., Mok, B., Fischer, M., Sirkin, D., IEEE IEEE. 2019: 1830–36
  • The Case for Implicit External Human-Machine Interfaces for Autonomous Vehicles Moore, D., Currano, R., Strack, G., Sirkin, D., Assoc Comp Machinery ASSOC COMPUTING MACHINERY. 2019: 295–307
  • ActiveNavigator: Toward Real-Time Knowledge Capture and Feedback in Design Workspaces Moore, D., Ge, X., Sirkin, D., Stenholm, D., Ju, W. TEMPUS PUBLICATIONS. 2018: 723–33
  • Toward measurement of situation awareness in autonomous vehicles Proceedings of the 35th ACM CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems Sirkin, D., Martelaro, N., Johns, M., Ju, W. 2017

    View details for DOI 10.1145/3025453.3025822

  • Designing the behavior of interactive objects Proceedings of the 11th ACM International Conference on Tangible, Embedded, and Embodied Interaction Spadafora, M., Chahuneau, V., Martelaro, N., Sirkin, D., Ju, W. 2016

    View details for DOI 10.1145/2839462.2839502

  • Monitoring driver cognitive load using near infrared spectroscopy in partially autonomous cars Proceedings of the 2016 IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium Sibi, S., Ayaz, H., Kuhns, D., Sirkin, D., Ju, W. 2016
  • Exploring shared control in automated driving Proceedings of the 11th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human Robot Interaction Johns, M., Mok, B., Sirkin, D., Gowda, N., Miller, D., Talamonti, W., Ju, W. 2016

    View details for DOI 10.1109/HRI.2016.7451738

  • Ghost driver: A field study investigating the interaction between pedestrians and driverless vehicles Proceedings of the 24th IEEE International Symposium on Robot and Human Interactive Communication Dirk, R., Li, J., Sirkin, D., Mok, B., Ju, W. 2016
  • A Faust based driving simulator sound synthesis engine Proceedings of the 2016 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics Michon, R., Johns, M., O’Modhrain, S., Gang, N., Gowda, N., Sirkin, D., Chafe, C., Wright, M., Ju, W. 2016

    View details for DOI 10.5281/zenodo.851260

  • Behavioral measurement of trust in automation: The trust fall Proceedings of the 60th International Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Miller, D., Johns, M., Mok, B., Gowda, N., Sirkin, D., Lee, K., Ju, W. 2016

    View details for DOI 10.1177/1541931213601422

  • Exploring transitional automation with new and old drivers Proceedings of the 2016 SAE International World Congress Miller, D., Johns, M., Gowda, N., Sirkin, D., Sibi, S., Mok, B., Aich, S., Ju, W. 2016

    View details for DOI 10.4271/2016-01-1442

  • Robots need humans in the loop to improve the hopefulness of disaster survivors Proceedings of the 24th IEEE International Symposium on Robot and Human Interactive Communication Dole, L., Sirkin, D., Murphy, R., Nass, C. 2015
  • A place for every tool and every tool in Its place: Performing collaborative tasks with interactive robotic drawers Proceedings of the 23rd IEEE International Symposium on Robot and Human Interactive Communication Mok, B., Yang, S., Sirkin, D., Ju, W. 2015
  • Distraction becomes engagement in automated driving Proceedings of the 2015 Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Miller, D., Sun, A., Johns, M., Ive, P., Sirkin, D., Aich, S., Ju, W. 2015

    View details for DOI 10.1177/1541931215591362

  • Emergency, automation off: Unstructured transition timing for distracted drivers of automated vehicles Proceedings of the 18th IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems Mok, B., Johns, M., Lee, K., Miller, D., Sirkin, D., Ju, W. 2015

    View details for DOI 10.1109/ITSC.2015.396

  • Experiences developing socially acceptable interactions for a robotic trash barrel Proceedings of the 23rd IEEE International Symposium on Robot and Human Interactive Communication Yang, S., Mok, B., Sirkin, D., Ive, P., Maheshwari, R., Fischer, K., Ju, W. 2015
  • Understanding driver-automated vehicle interactions through Wizard-of-Oz design improvisation Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on Human Factors in Driving Assessment Mok, B., Sirkin, D., Sibi, S., Miller, D., Ju, W. 2015
  • Mechanical ottoman: How robotic furniture offers and withdraws support Proceedings of the 10th Annual ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction Sirkin, D., Mok, B., Yang, S., Wendy 2015

    View details for DOI 10.1145/2696454.2696461

  • Displayed uncertainty improves driving experience and behavior: The case of range anxiety in an electric car Proceedings of the 33rd Annual ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems Jung, M., Sirkin, D., Gür, T., Steinert, M. 2015

    View details for DOI 10.1145/2702123.2702479

  • Using embodied design improvisation as a design research tool Proceedings of the International Conference on Human Behavior in Design Sirkin, D., Ju, W. 2014
  • Press play: A course in interactive device design Proceedings of the 2014 Annual Conference of the American Society of Engineering Education Sirkin, D., Ju, W. 2014
  • Empathy: Interactions with emotive robotic drawers Proceedings of the 9th Annual ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human Robot Interaction Mok, B., Yang, S., Sirkin, D., Ju, W. 2014

    View details for DOI 10.1145/2559636.2563720

  • Where to Look and Who to Be Designing Attention and Identity for Search-and-Rescue Robots 8th Annual ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (HRI) Dole, L. D., Sirkin, D. M., Currano, R. M., Murphy, R. R., Nass, C. I. IEEE. 2013: 119–120
  • Consistency in physical and on-screen action improves perceptions of telepresence robots Proceedings of the 7th Annual ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction Sirkin, D., Ju, W. 2012

    View details for DOI 10.1145/2157689.2157699

  • Motion and attention in a kinetic videoconferencing proxy Proceedings of the 13th IFIP TC13 Conference on Human-Computer Interaction Sirkin, D., Venolia, G., Tang, J., Robertson, G., Kim, T., Inkpen, K., Sedlins, M., Lee, B., Sinclair, M. 2011
  • Animate Objects: How Physical Motion Encourages Public Interaction 5th International Conference on Persuasive Technology Ju, W., Sirkin, D. SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN. 2010: 40–51
  • Lowering barriers to distributed design research collaboration Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Engineering Design Sirkin, D., Sonalkar, N., Jung, M., Leifer, L. 2009