Bio


Franklin M. ("Lynn") Orr, Jr. served as Under Secretary for Science and Energy at the US Department of Energy from December 2014 to January 2017. He director of the Precourt Institute for Energy at Stanford from its establishment in 2009 to 2013. He served as director of the Global Climate and Energy Project from 2002 to 2008. Orr was the Chester Naramore Dean of the School of Earth Sciences at Stanford University from 1994 to 2002. He has been a member of the Stanford faculty since 1985 and holds the Keleen and Carlton Beal Chair of Petroleum Engineering in the Department of Energy Resources Engineering, and was a Senior Fellow at the Woods Institute for the Environment and the Precourt Institute for Energy. His research activities focus on how complex fluid mixtures flow in the porous rocks in the Earth's crust, the design of gas injection processes for enhanced oil recovery, and CO2 storage in subsurface formations. Orr is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He served as vice chair of the board of directors of the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute until 2014 and rejoined that board in 2017. He chaired the Advisory Panel of the Packard Fellowships for Science and Engineering for the David and Lucile Packard Foundation until 2014, rejoining that panel in 2017, and was a foundation board member from 1999-2008. He is a member of the ClimateWorks Foundation Board of Directors.

Academic Appointments


Administrative Appointments


  • Under Secretary for Science and Energy, U.S. Department of Energy (2014 - 2017)
  • Senior Fellow, Precourt Institute for Energy (2009 - 2014)
  • Senior Fellow, Woods Institute for the Environment, Stanford University (2005 - 2014)
  • Professor (by Courtesy), Chemical Engineering, Stanford University (1994 - 2011)
  • Professor of Petroleum Engineering, Stanford University (1987 - Present)
  • Associate Professor (Research) of Petroleum Engineering, Stanford University (1985 - 1987)
  • Head, Miscible Flooding and Gas Injection, New Mexico Petroleum Recovery Research Center, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology (1978 - 1984)
  • Research Engineer, Shell Development Company, Bellaire Research Center (1976 - 1977)
  • Assistant to the Director, Office of Federal Activities, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (1970 - 1972)

Honors & Awards


  • Distinguished Lecturer, Society of Petroleum Engineers (1989-1990)
  • Distinguished Achievement Award for Petroleum Engineering Faculty, Society of Petroleum Engineers (1993)
  • Earth Sciences Teaching Award, School of Earth Sciences (1994)
  • Keleen and Carlton Beal Chair, School of Earth Sciences (1994)
  • Election, National Academy of Engineering (2000)
  • Robert Earl McConnell Award, AIME (2001)
  • National Associate, National Academies of Sciences (2002)
  • Honorary Doctorate in Engineering, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, Scotland (2005)
  • IOR Pioneer, Society of Petroleum Engineers (2006)

Boards, Advisory Committees, Professional Organizations


  • Member, Division Committee for the Division of Earth and Life Sciences, National Research Council (2012 - 2014)
  • Member, Technical Advisory Board, Center for Sustainable Energy at Notre Dame (2013 - 2014)
  • Member, Advisory Committee, Center for Frontiers of Subsurface Energy Security, University of Texas, Austin (2011 - 2014)
  • Committee Member, National Research Council on Subsurface Modeling, Monitory, and Remediation of Fractured Rocks (2013 - 2014)
  • Member, Advisory Committee, Climateworks Foundation (2011 - 2014)
  • Director, Precourt Institute for Energy, Stanford University (2009 - 2013)
  • Member, California's Energy Future Task Force (2009 - 2011)
  • Member, NRC Committee on America's Energy Future (2007 - 2009)
  • Member, Visting Committee, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Southern California (2007 - 2007)
  • Co-chair, Workshop on Basic Research Needs for the Geosciences, US Dept. of Energy (2007 - 2007)
  • Member, Committee to Visit Earth and Planetary Sciences, Harvard University (2006 - 2006)
  • Member, Advisory Board, Carbon Mitigation Initiative, Princeton University (2004 - Present)
  • Member, Faculty Leadership Committee, Stanford Institute for the Environment, Stanford University (2004 - 2005)
  • Director, Global Climate and Energy Project, Stanford University (2002 - 2008)
  • Chairman, Committee on Coal Waste Impoundments, National Research Council (2001 - 2001)
  • Chair, Provost's Committee on Faculty Housing Policy, Stanford University (1999 - 2000)
  • Member, Board of Directors, David and Lucile Packard Foundation (1998 - 2008)
  • Chairman, Panel to Review Energy Resources Programs of the U.S. Geological Survey, National Research Council (1998 - 1999)
  • Member, Board of Directors, American Geological Institute Foundation (1997 - 2002)
  • Member, Search Committee for Director, Institute of International Studies, Stanford University (1997 - 1998)
  • Member, Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee,, U.S. Department of Energy (1996 - 2000)
  • Member, Provost's Committee on the Environment, Stanford University (1995 - 2004)
  • Member, Commission on Technology in Teaching and Learning, Stanford University (1995 - 1999)
  • Member, Stanford in Washington Program Committee, Stanford University (1994 - 2002)
  • Dean, School of Earth Sciences, Stanford University (1994 - 2002)
  • Member, Board of Directors, Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (1987 - Present)
  • Freshman advisor, Stanford University (1986 - 2003)

Professional Education


  • Ph.D, University of Minnesota, Chemical Engineering (1976)
  • B.Sc., Stanford University, Chemical Engineering (1969)

Current Research and Scholarly Interests


Research
My students and I work to understand the physical mechanisms that control flow of multiphase, multicomponent fluids in the subsurface, using a combination of experiments and theory. The theory part includes numerical simulation of flow in heterogeneous porous rocks and coalbeds, often using streamline approaches, and it also involves solving by analytical methods the differential equations that describe the interactions of complex phase equilibrium and flow (porous rocks containing more than one flowing phase can sometimes act like a chromatograph, separating components as they flow). The experiments are used to test how well the models describe reality. Applications of this work range from enhanced oil and gas recovery to geologic storage of carbon dioxide (to reduce greenhouse gas emissions) to the transport of contaminants in aquifers.

Teaching
I teach a courses for graduate students on the mathematics of multiphase, multicomponent flow in porous media and on the thermodynamics of phase behavior. I also teach an undergraduate course on energy for freshmen.

Professional Activities
Member, National Research Council Committee on Subsurface Characterization, Modeling, Monitoring, and Remediation of Fractured Rocks, 2013-present, Member, Technical Advisory Committee, Center for Sustainable Energy at Notre Dame; Member, Division Committee for the Division of Earth and Life Sciences of the National Research Council, 2012-present; Member, Energy Technology Innovation System Working Group, President's Council of Advisers on Science and Technology, 2010; Member, California Energy Future study committee (2009-2010); Member, NRC Committee on America's Energy Future (2007-2009); co-chair, Workshop on Basic Research Needs for the Geosciences, U.S. Dept. of Energy (2007); IOR Pioneer, Society of Petroleum Engineers (2006); Honorary Doctorate in Engineering, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, Scotland (2005); member, Advisory Board, Carbon Mitigation Initiative, Princeton University (2004-present); director, Global Climate & Energy Project, Stanford University; member, Faculty Leadership Committee, Stanford Institute for the Environment (2004-05); National Associate of the National Academies (2002); Robert Earl McConnell Award, AIME (2001); election to National Academy of Engineering (2000); member, Board of Directors, David and Lucile Packard Foundation (1999-2008); member, Provost's Committee on the Environment (1995-2004); member, Board of Directors, Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (1987-present); Chair, Fellowships for Science and Engineering Advisory Panel, David and Lucile Packard Foundation (1990-present);

2017-18 Courses


All Publications


  • A Trillion Tons DAEDALUS Harvey, H., Orr, F. M., Vondrich, C. 2013; 142 (1): 8-25
  • Magnetometer measurements to characterize a subsurface coal fire INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COAL GEOLOGY Ide, T. S., Crook, N., Orr, F. M. 2011; 87 (3-4): 190-196
  • Real-Time Tracking of CO2 Injected into a Subsurface Coal Fire through High-Frequency Measurements of the (CO2)-C-13 Signature ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Krevor, S. C., Ide, T., Benson, S. M., Orr, F. M. 2011; 45 (9): 4179-4186

    Abstract

    CO₂ was injected into a coal fire burning at a depth of 15 m in the subsurface in southwestern Colorado, USA. Measurements were made of the ¹³CO₂ isotopic signature of gas exhaust from an observation well and two surface fissures. The goal of the test was to determine (1) whether CO₂ with a distinct isotopic signature could be used as a tracer to identify flow pathways and travel times in a combustion setting where CO₂ was present in significant quantities in the gases being emitted from the coalbed fire, and (2) to confirm the existence of a self-propagating system of air-intake and combustion gas exhaust that has been previously proposed. CO₂ was injected in three separate periods. The ¹³CO₂ isotopic signature was measured at high frequency (0.5 Hz) before, during, and after the injection periods for gas flowing from fissures over the fire and from gas entering an observation well drilled into the formation just above the fire but near the combustion zone. In two cases, a shift in the isotopic signature of outgassing CO₂ provided clear evidence that injected CO₂ had traveled from the injection well to the observation point, while in a third case, no response was seen and the fissure could not be assumed to have a flowpath connected with the injection well. High-frequency measurements of the ¹³CO₂ signature of gas in observation wells is identified as a viable technique for tracking CO₂ injected into subsurface formations in real-time. In addition, a chimney-like coupled air-intake and exhaust outlet system feeding the combustion of the coal seam was confirmed. This can be used to further develop strategies for extinguishing the fire.

    View details for DOI 10.1021/es103761x

    View details for Web of Science ID 000289819400056

    View details for PubMedID 21466184

  • Comparison of methods to estimate the rate of CO2 emissions and coal consumption from a coal fire near Durango, CO INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COAL GEOLOGY Ide, S. T., Orr, F. M. 2011; 86 (1): 95-107
  • Experimental Confirmation of Analytical Composition Routes in Three-Phase Partially Miscible Flow 2006 SPE/DOE Symposium on Improved Oil Recovery LaForce, T., Cinar, Y., Johns, R. T., Orr, F. M. SOC PETROLEUM ENG. 2010: 160–70
  • Extinguishing a coalbed fire: CO2 Pilot Injection Design, Implementation, and Results 32nd National Assoc. Abandoned Mine Lands Program Conf Ide, S. T., Siesser, K. G., Flint, W. B., Orr, F. M. 2010
  • Fissure formation and subsurface subsidence in a coalbed fire INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ROCK MECHANICS AND MINING SCIENCES Ide, T. S., Pollard, D., Orr, F. M. 2010; 47 (1): 81-93
  • Onshore Geologic Storage of CO2 SCIENCE Orr, F. M. 2009; 325 (5948): 1656-1658

    Abstract

    The possibility that substantial quantities of CO2 can be injected into subsurface porous rock formations has been investigated sufficiently to show that pore space available to contain the CO2 is abundant. Multiple rock types and physical mechanisms can be used to trap the CO2 indefinitely. With careful site selection and operations, leakage to the near-surface region can be avoided. The next step is to test these injection processes at the scale of a large power plant.

    View details for DOI 10.1126/science.1175677

    View details for Web of Science ID 000270131800034

    View details for PubMedID 19779190

  • Four-Component Gas/Water/Oil Displacements in One Dimension: Part III, Development of Miscibility TRANSPORT IN POROUS MEDIA LaForce, T., Orr, F. M. 2009; 79 (2): 225-247
  • Analytical Solutions for Multicomponent, Two-Phase Flow in Porous Media with Double Contact Discontinuities TRANSPORT IN POROUS MEDIA Seto, C. J., Orr, F. M. 2009; 78 (2): 161-183
  • A Multicomponent, Two-Phase-Flow Model for CO2 Storage and Enhanced Coalbed-Methane Recovery 2006 SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition Seto, C. J., Jessen, K., Orr, F. M. SOC PETROLEUM ENG. 2009: 30–40
  • CO2 capture and storage: are we ready? ENERGY & ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE Orr, F. M. 2009; 2 (5): 449-458

    View details for DOI 10.1039/b822107n

    View details for Web of Science ID 000265856800001

  • On Interfacial-Tension Measurements To Estimate Minimum Miscibility Pressures SPE RESERVOIR EVALUATION & ENGINEERING Jessen, K., Orr, F. M. 2008; 11 (5): 933-939
  • Gravity currents with residual trapping JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS Hesse, M. A., Orr, F. M., Tchelepi, H. A. 2008; 611: 35-60
  • A new model of trapping and relative permeability hysteresis for all wettability characteristics 2005 SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition Spiteri, E. J., Juanes, R., Blunt, M. J., Orr, F. M. SOC PETROLEUM ENG. 2008: 277–88
  • Geoscience research for our energy future PHYSICS TODAY DePaolo, D. J., Orr, F. M. 2008; 61 (8): 46-51
  • Carbon dioxide capture and storage MRS BULLETIN Benson, S. M., Orr, F. M. 2008; 33 (4): 303-305
  • Sustainability and energy conversions MRS BULLETIN Benson, S. M., Orr, F. M. 2008; 33 (4): 297-302
  • Four-component gas/water/oil displacements in one dimension: part II, example solutions TRANSPORT IN POROUS MEDIA LaForce, T., Jessen, K., Orr, F. M. 2008; 72 (1): 83-96
  • Four-component gas/water/oil displacements in one dimension: Part I. structure of the conservation law TRANSPORT IN POROUS MEDIA LaForce, T., Jessen, K., Orr, F. M. 2008; 71 (2): 199-216
  • Development of Gas/Oil Miscibility in Water and Gas Injection SPE Annual Technical Conference LaForce, T., Orr, F. M. 2008
  • Storage of CO2 in saline aquifers: Effects of gravity, viscous, and capillary forces on amount and timing of trapping INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GREENHOUSE GAS CONTROL Ide, S. T., Jessen, K., Orr, F. M. 2007; 1 (4): 481-491
  • Compositional gravity drainage 2: experimental measurements using an analog system TRANSPORT IN POROUS MEDIA DiCarlo, D. A., Jessen, K., Orr, F. M. 2007; 69 (2): 159-174
  • Using analytical solutions in compositional streamline simulation of a field-scale CO2-injection project in a condensate reservoir 2003 SPE Reservoir Simulation Symposium Seto, C. J., Jessen, K., Orr, F. M. SOC PETROLEUM ENG. 2007: 393–405
  • Compositional gravity drainage 1. Equilibrium solutions and controlling Bond numbers for a two-phase, three-component system TRANSPORT IN POROUS MEDIA DiCarlo, D. A., Orr, F. M. 2007; 69 (1): 13-32
  • An analysis of the vanishing interfacial tension technique for determination of minimum miscibility pressure FLUID PHASE EQUILIBRIA Orr, F. M., Jessen, K. 2007; 255 (2): 99-109
  • Effect of IFT variation and wettability on three-phase relative permeability 2004 SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition Cinar, Y., Marquez, S., Orr, F. M. SOC PETROLEUM ENG. 2007: 211–20
  • Gravity currents in horizontal porous layers: transition from early to late self-similarity JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS Hesse, M. A., Tchelepi, H. A., Cantwell, B. J., Orr, F. M. 2007; 577: 363-383
  • Theory of Gas Injection Processes Orr, F. M. Tie-Line Publications, Copenhagen, Denmark. 2007
  • Transition in the propagation regime of a gravity current in a horizontal porous layer J. Fluid Mech Hesse, M. A., Tchelepi, H. A., Cantwell, B. J., Orr, F. M. 2007; 577: 363-383
  • Response to 'Comments on "An analysis of the vanishing interfacial tension experiment for determination of minimum miscibility pressure"' Fluid Phase Equilibria Orr, F. M., Jessen, K. 2007; 259
  • Comments on 'A new mechanistic parachor model to predict dynamic interfacial tension and miscibility in multicomponent hydrocarbon systems' by S. Ayirala and D.N. Rao J. Colloid and Interface Sci. Orr, F. M., Jessen, K. 2007; 306: 1-2
  • Impact of relative permeability hysteresis on geological CO2 storage WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH Juanes, R., Spiteri, E. J., Orr, F. M., Blunt, M. J. 2006; 42 (12)
  • An experimental and numerical investigation of crossflow effects in two-phase displacements 2004 SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition Cinar, Y., Jessen, K., Berenblyum, R., Juanes, R., Orr, F. M. SOC PETROLEUM ENG. 2006: 216–26
  • Onset of convection in a gravitationally unstable diffusive boundary layer in porous media JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS Riaz, A., Hesse, M., Tchelepi, H. A., Orr, F. M. 2006; 548: 87-111
  • Time scales for migration and trapping of CO2 in saline aquifers Proc. 8th Intl. Conf. on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies Ide, S., Jessen, K., Orr, F. M. 2006
  • Analytical Solutions for Three-Phase, Four-Component Partially Miscible Flow SPE Annual Technical Conference LaForce, T., Jessen, K., Orr, F. M. 2006
  • Scaling Analysis of the Migration of CO2 in Saline Aquifers SPE Annual Technical Conference Hesse, M., Tchelepi, H., Orr, Jr., F. M. 2006
  • Phase Diagrams Petroleum Engineering Handbook Orr, F., Jessen, K. edited by Fanchi, J. R. Society of Petroleum Engineers. 2006: 371–396
  • Natural convection during aquifer CO2 storage Proc. 8th Intl. Conf. on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies Hesse, M. A., Tchelepi, H. A., Orr, Jr. , F. M. 2006
  • Analytical Solutions for Compositional Three-Phase Four-Component Displacements SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, San Antonio, Texas LaForce, T., Jessen, K., Orr, F. M. 2006
  • Analytical modeling of CO2 storage and enhanced coal bed methane recovery Proceedings of the 8th Intl. Conf. on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies Seto, C. J., Jessen, K., Orr, Jr., F. M. 2006
  • Four-component gas/oil displacements in one dimension: Part II: Analytical solutions for constant equilibrium ratios TRANSPORT IN POROUS MEDIA Wang, Y., Dindoruk, B., Johansen, T., Orr, F. M. 2005; 61 (2): 177-192
  • Four-component gas/oil displacements in one dimension: Part I: Global triangular structure TRANSPORT IN POROUS MEDIA Johansen, T., Wang, Y., Orr, F., Dindoruk, B. 2005; 61 (1): 59-76
  • High-order upwind schemes for two-phase, multicomponent flow 2003 SPE Reservoir Simulation Symposium Mallison, B. T., Gerritsen, M. G., Jessen, K., Orr, F. M. SOC PETROLEUM ENG. 2005: 297–311
  • Measurement of three-phase relative permeability with IFT variation 2004 SPE/DOE Symposium on Improved Oil Recovery Cinar, Y., Orr, F. M. SOC PETROLEUM ENG. 2005: 33–43
  • Increasing CO2 storage in oil recovery ENERGY CONVERSION AND MANAGEMENT Jessen, K., Kovscek, A. R., Orr, F. M. 2005; 46 (2): 293-311
  • Relative Permeability Hysteresis: Trapping Models and Application to Geological CO2 Sequestration SPE Annual Technical Conference Spiteri, E. J., Juanes, R., Blunt, M. R., Orr, F. M. 2005
  • Analytical modeling of CO2 storage and enhanced coal bed methane recovery American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting Seto, C., Jessen, K., Orr, F. M. 2005
  • Gas cycling and the development of miscibility in condensate reservoirs 2003 SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition Jessen, C., Orr, F. M. SOC PETROLEUM ENG. 2004: 334–41
  • Interplay of phase behavior and numerical dispersion in finite-difference compositional simulation 2002 SPE/DOE Improved Oil Recovery Symposium Jessen, K., Stenby, E. H., Orr, F. M. SOC PETROLEUM ENG. 2004: 193–201
  • Storage of Carbon Dioxide in Geologic Formations Journal of Petroleum Technology Orr, F. M. 2004; 56: 90-97
  • Analytical Solution for Gas-Oil Displacement with Temperature Variation SPE/DOE Fourteenth Symposium on Improved Oil Recovery Zhu, J., Jessen, K., Orr, F. M. 2004
  • Gravity Segregation and Compositional Streamline Simulation SPE/DOE Fourteenth Symposium on Improved Oil Recovery Jessen, K., Orr, F. M. 2004
  • Analytical theory of coalbed methane recovery by gas injection 2002 SPE/DOE Improved Oil Recovery Symposium Zhu, J. C., Jessen, K., Kovscek, A. R., Orr, F. M. SOC PETROLEUM ENG. 2003: 371–79
  • The GEO-SEQ Project: A status report 6th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies Myer, L. R., Benson, S. M., Byrer, C., Cole, D., Doughty, C. A., Gunter, W., Hoversten, G. M., Hovorka, S., Johnson, J. W., Knauss, K. G., Kovscek, A., Law, D., Lippmann, M. J., Majer, E. L., van der Meer, B., MOLINE, G., NEWMARK, R. L., Oldenburg, C. M., Orr, F. M., Pruess, K., Tsang, C. F. ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV. 2003: 1625–1628
  • Black Oil Streamline Simulator with Capillary Effects SPE Annual Technical Conference Berenblyum, R. A., Shapiro, A. A., Jessen, K., Stenby, E. H., Orr, F. M. 2003
  • Compositional Streamline Simulation SPE Annual Technical Conference Jessen, K., Orr, F. M. 2002
  • Fast, approximate solutions for 1D multicomponent gas-injection problems 1999 SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition Jessen, K., Wang, Y., Ermakov, P., Zhu, J. C., Orr, F. M. SOC PETROLEUM ENG. 2001: 442–51
  • Terrestrial sequestration of CO2: An assessment of research needs ADVANCES IN GEOPHYSICS, VOL. 43 Wawersik, W. R., Orr, F. M., Rudnicki, J. W., Ortoleva, P. J., Dove, P., Richter, F., Harris, J., Warpinski, N. R., Logan, J. M., Wilson, J. L., Pyrak-Nolte, L., Wong, T. F. 2001; 43: 97-177
  • Direct Experiments on the Ocean Disposal of CO2 Annual Technical Conference Brewer, P. G., Peltzer, E. T., Orr, Jr., F. M. 2001
  • CO2: the burning issue CHEMISTRY & INDUSTRY Brewer, P. G., Orr, F. M. 2000: 567-571
  • Calculation of minimum miscibility pressure 1998 SPE/DOE Symposium on Improved Oil Recovery Wang, Y., Orr, F. M. ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV. 2000: 151–64
  • Direct experiments on the ocean disposal of fossil fuel CO2 SCIENCE Brewer, P. G., Friederich, C., Peltzer, E. T., Orr, F. M. 1999; 284 (5416): 943-945
  • Outcrop-Aided Characterization of a Faulted Hydrocarbon Reservoir: Arroyo Grande Oil Field, California, USA Faults and Subsurface Fluid Flow in the Shallow Crust Antonellini, M., Aydin, A., Orr, F. M. American Geophysical Union. 1999: 7–26
  • Experimental tests of the ocean sequestration of fossil fuel CO2 Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium CO2 in the Oceans Brewer, P. G., Friederich, G., Peltzer, E. T., Orr, F. M. 1999: 425–428
  • Analysis of Rising Bubble Experiments for Determination of Minimum Miscibility Pressures Soc. Pet. Eng. J. Zhou, D., Orr, F. M. 1998; 13 (1)
  • Gas hydrate formation in the deep sea: In situ experiments with controlled release of methane, natural gas, and carbon dioxide ENERGY & FUELS Brewer, P. G., Orr, F. M., Friederich, G., Kvenvolden, K. A., Orange, D. L. 1998; 12 (1): 183-188
  • Analytical calculation of minimum miscibility pressure AIChE 1997 Spring Meeting Wang, Y., Orr, F. M. ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV. 1997: 101–24
  • Deep-ocean field test of methane hydrate formation from a remotely operated vehicle GEOLOGY Brewer, P. G., Orr, F. M., Friederich, G., Kvenvolden, K. A., Orange, D. L., McFarlane, J., Kirkwood, W. 1997; 25 (5): 407-410
  • Hydrocarbon drainage along corners of noncircular capillaries JOURNAL OF COLLOID AND INTERFACE SCIENCE Zhou, D. G., Blunt, M., Orr, F. M. 1997; 187 (1): 11-21
  • High-Throughput TVD-Based Simulation of Tracer Flow Soc. Pet. Eng. J Wattenbarger, R. C. 1997; 2 (3): 254-267
  • Theory of Multicontact Miscible Displacement with Nitrogen Soc. Pet. Eng. J. Dindoruk, B., Orr, F. M., Johns, R. T. 1997; 2 (3): 268-279
  • Simulating flow in heterogeneous systems using streamtubes and streamlines SPE RESERVOIR ENGINEERING Thiele, M. R., Batycky, R. P., Orr, J. 1996; 11 (1): 5-12
  • Analysis of the Buckley-Leverett Problem in the Presence of Nonuniform Initial Data 11th Petroleum Congress of Turkey Dindoruk, B., Orr, F. M. 1996
  • Miscible Gas Displacement of Multicomponent Oils Soc. Pet. Eng. J. Johns, R. T., Orr, F. M. 1996; 1 (1): 39-50
  • Effect of Wettability on Three-Phase Distribution Proc. 4th Intl. Symp. on Evaluation of Reservoir Wettability and its Effect on Oil Recovery Zhou, D., Blunt, M. J., Orr, F. M. 1996
  • Scale-up of Miscible Flood Processes for Heterogeneous Reservoirs Final Report, U.S. Dept. of Energy Grant No. DE-FG22-92BC14852 Orr, F. M. 1996: 255
  • THEORY OF MULTICOMPONENT GAS OIL DISPLACEMENTS INDUSTRIAL & ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY RESEARCH Orr, F. M., Dindoruk, B., Johns, R. T. 1995; 34 (8): 2661-2669
  • THE EFFECTS OF GRAVITY AND VISCOUS FORCES ON RESIDUAL NONWETTING-PHASE SATURATION IN SITU Zhou, D., Orr, F. M. 1995; 19 (3): 249-273
  • MODELING FLOW IN HETEROGENEOUS MEDIA USING STREAMTUBES .1. MISCIBLE AND IMMISCIBLE DISPLACEMENTS IN SITU Thiele, M. R., Blunt, M. J., Orr, F. M. 1995; 19 (3): 299-339
  • MODELING FLOW IN HETEROGENEOUS MEDIA USING STREAMTUBES .2. COMPOSITIONAL DISPLACEMENTS IN SITU Thiele, M. R., Blunt, M. J., Orr, F. M. 1995; 19 (4): 367-391
  • INTERACTION OF VISCOUS FINGERING, PERMEABILITY HETEROGENEITY, AND GRAVITY SEGREGATION IN 3 DIMENSIONS SPE RESERVOIR ENGINEERING Tchelepi, H. A., Orr, F. M. 1994; 9 (4): 266-271
  • LOW IFT DRAINAGE AND IMBIBITION JOURNAL OF PETROLEUM SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING Schechter, D. S., Zhou, D., Orr, F. M. 1994; 11 (4): 283-300
  • Predicting multicomponent, multiphase flow in heterogeneous systems using streamtubes 4th European Conference on the Mathematics of Oil Recovery (ECMOR IV) Thiele, M. R., Blunt, M. J., Orr, F. M. ICMOR IV. 1994: 43–54
  • A New Technique for Predicting Flow in Heterogeneous Systems using Streamtubes SPE/DOE Ninth Symposium on Enhanced Oil Recovery Thiele, M. R., Blunt, M. J., Orr, F. M. 1994
  • Effect of Viscous Crossflow on Miscibility Development in a Two-Layer Flow System: Part II -- Ternary Condensing Gas Drives Soc. Pet. Eng. Advanced Technology Series Pande, K. K., Orr, F. M. 1994; 2 (2): 17-25
  • Scaling Multiphase Flow in Simple Heterogeneous Porous Media SPE/DOE Ninth Symposium on Enhanced Oil Recovery Zhou, D., Fayers, F. J., Orr, F. M. 1994
  • Effect of Gas Enrichment and Dispersion on Nearly Miscible Displacements in Condensing/Vaporizing Drives Soc. Pet. Eng. Advanced Technology Series Johns, R. T., Fayers, F. J., Orr, F. M. 1994; 2 (2): 26-34
  • Component Partitioning in CO2/Crude Oil Systems: Effects of Oil Composition on CO2 Displacement Performance Soc. Pet. Eng. Advanced Technology Series Hagedorn, K. D., Orr, F. M. 1994; 2 (2): 177-184
  • Effect of Viscous Crossflow on Miscibility Development in a Two-Layer Flow System: Part I -- Ternary Vaporizing Gas Drives Soc. Pet. Eng. Advanced Technology Series Pande, K. K., Orr, F. M. 1994; 2 (2): 7-17
  • Prediction of CO2/Crude Oil Phase Behavior Using Supercritical Fluid Chromatography SPE/DOE Eighth Symposium on Enhanced Oil Recovery Stadler, M. P., Stessman, A. N., Orr, F. M. 1994
  • Unstable Flow in 2D and 3D Heterogeneous Porous Media Proc., 15th Workshop and Symposium of the International Energy Agency Collaborative Project on Enhanced Oil Recovery Tchelepi, H. A., Orr, F. M. 1994
  • Global triangular structure in four-component conservation laws 4th European Conference on the Mathematics of Oil Recovery (ECMOR IV) Johansen, T., Dindoruk, B., Orr, F. M. ICMOR IV. 1994: 71–85
  • An Analytical Solution for Steam/Oil/Water Displacements SPE Advanced Technology Series Wingard, J. S., Orr, F. M. 1994; 2 (2): 167-176
  • CARBON-DIOXIDE IN ENHANCED OIL-RECOVERY SYMP ON CARBON DIOXIDE DISPOSAL Blunt, M., FAYERS, F. J., Orr, F. M. PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD. 1993: 1197–1204
  • DISPERSION, PERMEABILITY HETEROGENEITY, AND VISCOUS FINGERING - ACOUSTIC EXPERIMENTAL-OBSERVATIONS AND PARTICLE-TRACKING SIMULATIONS PHYSICS OF FLUIDS A-FLUID DYNAMICS Tchelepi, H. A., Orr, F. M., Rakotomalala, N., Salin, D., WOUMENI, R. 1993; 5 (7): 1558-1574
  • DEVELOPMENT OF MISCIBILITY IN 4-COMPONENT CO2 FLOODS SPE RESERVOIR ENGINEERING Orr, F. M., Johns, R. T., Dindoruk, B. 1993; 8 (2): 135-142
  • Scaling of Multiphase Flow in Simple Heterogeneous Porous Media Proc., Fourth Symp. on Multiphase Transport in Porous Media Zhou, D., Fayers, F. J., Orr, F. M. 1993
  • Analytical Theory of Combined Condensing/Vaporizing Gas Drives Soc. Pet. Eng. Advanced Technology Series Johns, R. T., Dindoruk, B., Orr, F. M. 1993; 1 (2): 7-16
  • Scale-up of Miscible Flood Processes for Heterogeneous Reservoirs Annual Report, DOE Grant No. DE-FG-22-92BC14852 Orr, F. M. 1993: 118
  • Interactions of Viscous Fingering, Permeability Heterogeneity and Gravity Segregation in 2D and 3D Flow in Porous Media Proc., 14th Workshop and Symposium of the International Energy Agency Collaborative Project on Enhanced Oil Recovery Tchelepi, H. A., Orr, F. M. 1993
  • Crude Oil Characterization Using Gas Chromatography and Supercritical Fluid Chromatography SPE Symposium on Oilfield Chemistry Stadler, M. P., Deo, M. D., Orr, F. M. 1993
  • Schmidt-Wenzel and Peng-Robinson Equations of State for CO2/Hydrocarbon Mixtures: Binary Interaction Parameters and Volume Translation Factors SPE Advanced Technology Series Deo, M. D., Nutakki, R., Orr, F. M. 1993; 1 (2): 142-151
  • Viscous Fingering in Heterogeneous Porous Media SPE Advanced Technology Series Araktingi, U. G., Orr, F. M. 1993; 1 (1): 71-80
  • Mathematical Modeling of Four Component Displacements with Volume Change on Mixing: Analytical Solution Approach by the Method of Characteristics Proc. 9th Petroleum Congress of Turkey Dindoruk, B., Orr, F. M. 1992
  • Analytical Solution for Four Component Gas Displacements with Volume Change on Mixing Proc. Third European Conference on the Mathematics of Oil Recovery Dindoruk, B., Johns, R. T., Orr, F. M. 1992
  • Scale-up of Miscible Flood Processes Annual Report, DOE Grant No. DE-FG-21-89MC26253-7 Orr, F. M. 1992: 174
  • Development of Miscibility in Four Component Carbon Dioxide and Nitrogen Floods Proc., 12th Workshop and Symposium of the International Energy Agency Collaborative Project on Enhanced Oil Recovery Orr, F. M., Johns, R. T., Dindoruk, B. 1991
  • Flow Visualizations of Viscous Fingering in Heterogeneous Porous Media 1991 Fall Society of Petroleum Engineerings Meeting Schecter, D. S., Zhou, D., Orr, F. M. 1991
  • Scale-up of Miscible Flood Processes Annual Report, DOE Grant No. DE-FG21-89MC26253-5 Orr, F. M. 1991
  • Effects of Permeability Heterogeneity on Miscibility Development in Condensing Gas Drive Processes 1991 Fall Society of Petroleum Engineers Meeting Pande, K. K., Orr, F. M. 1991
  • Development of Miscibility in Four Component Carbon Dioxide and Nitrogen Floods Proc., 12th Workshop and Symposium of the International Energy Agency Collaborative Project on Enhanced Oil Recovery Orr, F. M., Johns, R. T., Dindoruk, B. 1991
  • Tracer- and Pressure-Test Analysis for Characterization of Areally Heterogeneous Reservoirs SPE Formation Evaluation Mishra, S., Brigham, W. E., Orr, F. M. 1991; 6 (1): 45-54
  • Viscous Fingering, Gravity Segregation, and Reservoir Heterogeneity in Miscible Displacements in Vertical Cross Sections SPE/DOE Seventh Symposium on Enhanced Oil Recovery Araktingi, U. G., Orr, F. M. 1990
  • Viscous Fingering and Gravity Segregation during Miscible Displacement in Heterogeneous Porous Media Proceedings of the 11th International Workshop and Symposium on Enhanced Oil Recovery Brock, D. C., H 1990
  • Relative Permeability in Heterogeneous Porous Media Interfacial Phenomena in Petroleum Recovery Orr, F. M., Pande, K. K., White, C. D. Marcel Dekker. 1990
  • Thermodynamics Enhanced Oil Recovery Orr, F. M. Inst. Francais du Petrole. 1990
  • Composition Paths in Four-Component Systems: The Effect of Dissolved Methane on CO2 Flood Performance in One Dimension Soc. Pet. Eng. Res. Eng. Monroe, W. W., Silva, M. K., Larson, L. L., Orr, F. M. 1990; 5 (3): 423-432
  • Analytical Computation of Breakthrough Recovery for CO2 Floods in Layered Reservoirs SPE/DOE 7th Symposium on Enhanced Oil Recovery Pande, K. K., Orr, F. M. 1990
  • Composition Paths in Binary CO2-C10 Displacements: Effects of Reservoir Heterogeneity and Crossflow on Displacements with Limited Solubility Proceedings of the Second European Conference on the Mathematics of Oil Recovery Pande, K. K., Orr, F. M. 1990
  • PREDICTION OF MISCIBLE FLOOD PERFORMANCE - THE EFFECT OF DISPERSION ON COMPOSITION PATHS IN TERNARY-SYSTEMS IN SITU Walsh, B. W., Orr, F. M. 1990; 14 (1): 19-47
  • EFFECT OF MULTICOMPONENT, MULTIPHASE EQUILIBRIA IN GAS INJECTION PROCESSES FLUID PHASE EQUILIBRIA Orr, F. M., Pande, K. K. 1989; 52: 247-261
  • Development of Miscibility during Flow in a Two-Layer System Proceedings of International Energy Agency Workshop on Enhanced Oil Recovery Pande, K. K., Orr, F. M. 1989
  • Simulation of PVT Experiments SPE Reservoir Engineering Bouett, L. W., Sageev, A., Orr, F. M. 1989; 4 (4): 481-487
  • Reservoir Characterization for the CO2 Enhanced Oil Recovery Process Final Report, DOE Contract No. DE-AC21-2204 Orr, F. M. 1989: 375
  • Interaction of Phase Behavior, Reservoir Heterogeneity, and Crossflow in CO2 Floods Fall Meeting of SPE of AIME Pande, K. K., Orr, F. M. 1989
  • Temperature Dependence of L1/L2/V Behavior in CO2/Hydrocarbon Systems SPE Reservoir Engineering Larson, L. L., Silva, M. K., Taylor, M. A., Orr, F. M. 1989; 4 (1): 105-114
  • Reservoir Characterization for CO2 Flooding Annual Report, DOE Contract No. DE-AC21-22042-10 Orr, F. M., Grader, A. S. 1988: 254
  • Solubility and Extraction in Multiple Contact Miscible Displacements Soc. Pet. Eng. Res. Eng. Bahralolom, I. M., Orr, F. M. 1988; 3 (1): 213-219
  • Effect of Pore Structure on Miscible Displacements in Laboratory Cores Soc. Pet. Eng. Res. Eng. Bretz, R. E., Specter, R. M., Orr, F. M. 1988; 3 (3): 857-866
  • Diffusion of CO2 at Reservoir Conditions: Models and Measurements SPE Reservoir Engineering Grogan, A. T., Pinczewski, V. W., Ruskauff, G. J., Orr, F. M. 1988: 93-102
  • Experimental Investigation of the Interaction of Phase Behavior with Microscopic Heterogeneity in CO2 Floods SPE Reservoir Engineering Bahralolom, I. M., Bretz, R. E., Orr, F. M. 1988; 3 (2): 662-672
  • Viscous Fingering in Heterogeneous Porous Media Proceedings of the International Symposium on Enhanced Oil Recovery Araktingi, U. G., Brock, D. C., Orr, F. M. 1988
  • Frontal Advance Theory for Flow in Heterogeneous Porous Media California Regional Meeting of SPE of AIME Pande, K. K., Ramey, H. J., Brigham, W. E., Orr, F. M. 1987
  • Prediction of CO2 Flood Performance: Interaction of Phase Behavior with Microscopic Pore Structure Heterogeneity SPE Reservoir Engineering Dai, K. K., Orr, F. M. 1987; 2 (4): 531-542
  • Reservoir Characterization for CO2 Flooding Annual Report, DOE Contract No. . DE-AC21-22042-5 Orr, F. M., Sageev, A. 1987: 142
  • Interpretation of Miscible Displacements in Laboratory Cores SPE Reservoir Engineering Bretz, R. E., Orr, F. M. 1987; 2 (4): 492-500
  • Phase Diagrams Petroleum Production Handbook, Revised Edition Orr, F. M., Taber, J. J. Society of Petroleum Engineers. 1987
  • Effect of Oil Composition on Minimum Miscibility Pressure - Part 2: Correlation SPE Resevoir Engineering Orr, F. M., Silva, M. K. 1987; 2 (4)
  • Reservoir Characterization for CO2 Flooding Proc. Third Wyoming Enhanced Oil Recovery Symposium Orr, F. M. 1987
  • Effect of Oil Composition on Minimum Miscibility Pressure - Part 1: Solubility of Hydrocarbons in Dense CO2 SPE Reservoir Engineering Silva, M. K., Orr, F. M. 1987; 2 (4): 468-478
  • Mixing during Two-Phase, Steady-State Laboratory Displacements in Sandstone Cores Fall Meeting of SPE of AIME, New Orleans Bretz, R. E., Welch, S. L., Morrow, N. R., Orr, F. M. 1986
  • Diffusion of CO2 at Reservoir Conditions Proceedings of the World Congress III of Chemical Engineering Grogan, A. T., Pinczewski, V. W., Ruskauff, G. J., Orr, F. M. 1986
  • Mixing during Single Phase Flow in Reservoir Rocks: Models, Effects of Pore Structure and Interpretation of Experiments Reservoir Characterization Bretz, R. E., Specter, R. M., Orr, F. M. 1986
  • FLOW VISUALIZATION FOR CO2/CRUDE-OIL DISPLACEMENTS SOCIETY OF PETROLEUM ENGINEERS JOURNAL Campbell, B. T., Orr, F. M. 1985; 25 (5): 665-678
  • A SMALL-VOLUME CONTINUOUS OIL-WATER SEPARATOR FOR LABORATORY DISPLACEMENT EXPERIMENTS JOURNAL OF PETROLEUM TECHNOLOGY BRETZ, R. E., PELLETIER, M. T., Orr, F. M. 1984; 36 (3): 487-488
  • Displacement of Oil By Carbon Dioxide Final Report, Rep. No. DOE/BC/10331-13 Orr, F. M., Taber, J. J. 1984: 272
  • USE OF CARBON-DIOXIDE IN ENHANCED OIL-RECOVERY SCIENCE Orr, F. M., Taber, J. J. 1984; 224 (4649): 563-569

    Abstract

    Large volumes of oil will remain in U.S. oil reservoirs when standard recovery methods have been completed. Supercritical carbon dioxide can be used to recover part of that remaining oil. If carbon dioxide is dense enough, it extracts hydrocarbons from the oil to make a mixture miscible with crude oil. Such a mixture can recover 95 percent of the oil in controlled laboratory flow settings. Heterogeneity of reservoir rocks and the low viscosity of carbon dioxide reduce the fraction of oil recovered in projects to lower but still significant levels. With the construction of three pipelines to carry naturally occurring carbon dioxide from Colorado and New Mexico to Permian basin oil fields, large-scale implementation of enhanced oil recovery by carbon dioxide flooding is now beginning.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1984SP77000006

    View details for PubMedID 17838341

  • INTERPRETATION OF PRESSURE-COMPOSITION PHASE-DIAGRAMS FOR CO2 CRUDE-OIL SYSTEMS SOCIETY OF PETROLEUM ENGINEERS JOURNAL Orr, F. M., Jensen, C. M. 1984; 24 (5): 485-497
  • Minimum Miscibility Pressure: Effects of Crude Oil Composition Proceedings of the International Energy Agency Workshop on Enhanced Oil Recovery Silva, M. K., Taber, J. J., Orr, F. M. 1984
  • Displacement of Oil by Carbon Dioxide Annual Report, Rep. No. DOE/BC/10331-9 Orr, F. M., Taber, J. J. 1983: 108
  • CO2 AS SOLVENT FOR OIL-RECOVERY CHEMTECH Orr, F. M., Heller, J. P., Taber, J. J., Card, R. J. 1983; 13 (8): 482-487
  • EQUILIBRIUM PHASE COMPOSITIONS OF CO2/HYDROCARBON MIXTURES .1. MEASUREMENT BY A CONTINUOUS MULTIPLE-CONTACT EXPERIMENT SOCIETY OF PETROLEUM ENGINEERS JOURNAL Orr, F. M., Silva, M. K. 1983; 23 (2): 272-280
  • EQUILIBRIUM PHASE COMPOSITIONS OF CO2 CRUDE-OIL MIXTURES .2. COMPARISON OF CONTINUOUS MULTIPLE-CONTACT AND SLIM-TUBE DISPLACEMENT TESTS SOCIETY OF PETROLEUM ENGINEERS JOURNAL Orr, F. M., Silva, M. K., Lien, C. L. 1983; 23 (2): 281-291
  • Recovery of Oil by Miscible Flooding AIChE Diamond Jubilee Meeting, Washington, D.C. Orr, F. M. 1983
  • CARBON-DIOXIDE FLOODING FOR ENHANCED OIL-RECOVERY - PROMISE AND PROBLEMS JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS SOCIETY Orr, F. M., Heller, J. P., Taber, J. J. 1982; 59 (10): A810-A817
  • Displacement of Oil by Carbon Dioxide Annual Report, Rep. No. DOE/BC/10331-4 Orr, F. M., Taber, J. J. 1982: 117
  • LABORATORY EXPERIMENTS TO EVALUATE FIELD PROSPECTS FOR CO2 FLOODING JOURNAL OF PETROLEUM TECHNOLOGY Orr, F. M., Silva, M. K., Lien, C. L., PELLETIER, M. T. 1982; 34 (4): 888-898
  • THE EFFECT OF PHASE-BEHAVIOR ON CO2-FLOOD DISPLACEMENT EFFICIENCY JOURNAL OF PETROLEUM TECHNOLOGY Gardner, J. W., Orr, F. M., Patel, P. D. 1981; 33 (11): 2067-2081
  • Liquid-Liquid Phase Behavior in CO2-Hydrocarbon Systems Symposium on Chemistry of Enhanced Oil Recovery Orr, F. M., Lien, C. L., Pelletier, M. T. 1981
  • PHASE-BEHAVIOR OF CO2 AND CRUDE-OIL IN LOW-TEMPERATURE RESERVOIRS SOCIETY OF PETROLEUM ENGINEERS JOURNAL Orr, F. M., Yu, A. D., Lien, C. L. 1981; 21 (4): 480-492
  • Displacement of Oil by Carbon Dioxide Final Report, Rep. No. DOE/ET/12082-9 Orr, F. M., Taber, J. J. 1981: 156
  • Effect of Solution Gas on the Phase Behavior of CO2-Crude Oil Mixtures Proceedings of the International Energy Agency Workshop on Enhanced Oil Recovery Orr, F. M., Jensen, C. M., Silva, M. K. 1981
  • Displacement of Oil by Carbon Dioxide Annual Report, Rep. No. DOE/MC/03260-4 Orr, F. M., Tabber, J. J. 1980: 62
  • STATIC DROP ON AN INCLINED PLATE - ANALYSIS BY THE FINITE-ELEMENT METHOD JOURNAL OF COLLOID AND INTERFACE SCIENCE Brown, R. A., Orr, F. M., SCRIVEN, L. E. 1980; 73 (1): 76-87
  • Simulation of the One-Dimensional Convection of Four-Phase, Four-Component Mixtures Topical Report, Rep. No. DOE/ET/12082-8 Orr, F. M. 1980: 131
  • RIMMING FLOW - NUMERICAL-SIMULATION OF STEADY, VISCOUS, FREE-SURFACE FLOW WITH SURFACE-TENSION JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS Orr, F. M., SCRIVEN, L. E. 1978; 84 (JAN): 145-165
  • MENISCI AROUND PLATES AND PINS DIPPED IN LIQUID - INTERPRETATION OF WILHELMY PLATE AND SOLDERABILITY MEASUREMENTS JOURNAL OF COLLOID AND INTERFACE SCIENCE Orr, F. M., SCRIVEN, L. E., Chu, T. Y. 1977; 60 (2): 402-405
  • 3-DIMENSIONAL MENISCI - NUMERICAL-SIMULATION BY FINITE-ELEMENTS JOURNAL OF COLLOID AND INTERFACE SCIENCE Orr, F. M., Brown, R. A., SCRIVEN, L. E. 1977; 60 (1): 137-147
  • Comments on "The Capillary Binding Force of a Liquid Bridge" Powder Technology Orr, F. M., Scriven, L. E. 1975; 12: 191-193
  • Capillary Attraction and Capillary Repulsion Latin American Journal of Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry Rivas, A. P., Orr, F. M., Scriven, L. E. 1975; 5: 93-100
  • PENDULAR RINGS BETWEEN SOLIDS - MENISCUS PROPERTIES AND CAPILLARY FORCE JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS Orr, F. M., SCRIVEN, L. E., RIVAS, A. P. 1975; 67 (FEB25): 723-742
  • MENISCI IN ARRAYS OF CYLINDERS - NUMERICAL-SIMULATION BY FINITE-ELEMENTS JOURNAL OF COLLOID AND INTERFACE SCIENCE Orr, F. M., SCRIVEN, L. E., RIVAS, A. P. 1975; 52 (3): 602-610