Bio


Jean C. Oi is the William Haas Professor in Chinese Politics in the department of political science and a Senior Fellow of the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies at Stanford University. She is the founding director of the Stanford China Program at the Walter H. Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center. Professor Oi also is the founding Lee Shau Kee Director of the Stanford Center at Peking University.

A PhD in political science from the University of Michigan, Oi first taught at Lehigh University and later in the department of government at Harvard University before joining the Stanford faculty in 1997.

Her work focuses on comparative politics, with special expertise on political economy and the process of reform in transitional systems. Oi has written extensively on China's rural politics and political economy. Her State and Peasant in Contemporary China (University of California Press, 1989) examined the core of rural politics in the Mao period—the struggle over the distribution of the grain harvest—and the clientelistic politics that ensued. Her Rural China Takes Off (University of California Press, 1999) examined the property rights necessary for development and showed how "local state corporatism" facilitated rapid growth of rural industry.

More recently, she has been researching the politics of corporate restructuring, with a focus on the incentives and institutional constraints of state actors. She recently published three edited volumes, one on China, Going Private in China: The Politics of Corporate Restructuring and System Reform (2011), and one on Korea, co-edited with Byung-Kook Kim and Eun Mee Kim, Adapt, Fragment, Transform: Corporate Restructuring and System Reform in Korea, and the third of the edited volumes: Syncretism: The Politics of Economic Restructuring and System Reform in Japan, co-edited with Kenji E. Kushida and Kay Shimizu. Brookings Institution, 2013.

Oi also continues her research on rural finance and local governance in China and published “Shifting Fiscal Control to Limit Cadre Power in China’s Townships and Villages,” in The China Quarterly, with Kim Singer Babiarz, Linxiu Zhang, Renfu Luo, Scott Rozelle. Most recently, she has been studying challenges in China’s rapid urbanization. She has been doing fieldwork on the organization of rural communities and the provision of public goods, especially affordable housing.

Her other recent publications include Growing Pains: Tensions and Opportunity in China's Transformation (Brookings Institution Press, 2010), co-edited with Scott Rozelle and Xueguang Zhou; "Fiscal Crisis in China's Townships," co-authored with Zhao Shukai, in Grassroots Political Reform in Contemporary China (Harvard University Press, 2007), Merle Goldman and Elizabeth Perry, eds.; and At the Crossroads of Empires: Middlemen, Social Networks, and State-building in Republican Shanghai (Stanford University Press, 2007), co-edited with Nara Dillon.

Academic Appointments


Administrative Appointments


  • Founding Director, Stanford Center at Peking University (2012 - Present)
  • Founding Director, Stanford China Program (2007 - Present)
  • Senior Fellow, Stanford University, Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies (2006 - Present)
  • MBA Class of 1962 Visiting Professor of Business Administration, Harvard Business School (2005 - 2006)
  • William Haas Professor in Chinese Politics, Stanford University, Department of Political Science (2001 - Present)
  • Professor, Stanford University, Department of Political Science (2000 - Present)
  • Director, Stanford University, Center for East Asian Studies (1998 - 2005)
  • Guest Professor, Foundation Nationale des Sciences Politiques, Institute d’etudes Politiques de Paris, France (1998 - 1998)
  • Fellow, by Courtesy, Stanford University, Stanford Institute of International Studies (1997 - 2006)
  • Associate Professor, Stanford University, Department of Political Science (1997 - 2000)
  • Visiting Professor, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Division of Social Science (1995 - 1997)
  • Associate Professor, Harvard University, Department of Government (1987 - 1995)
  • Assistant Professor, Lehigh University, Department of Government (1983 - 1987)
  • Instructor, Lehigh University, Department of Government (1982 - 1983)

Honors & Awards


  • Bass University Fellow in Undergraduate Education, Stanford University (2005-2010, 2011-2015)
  • Dean's Award for Distinguished Teaching, Stanford University (2004-2005)
  • Stanford Cap and Gown Honorary, Stanford University (2003)
  • William Haas Professorship in Chinese Politics, Stanford University (2001)
  • Outstanding Faculty Advisor, Stanford University (1999-2000)
  • Outstanding Academic Title, Choice Magazine (1999)
  • Nina C. Crocker Faculty Scholar, Stanford University (1998-2001)

Boards, Advisory Committees, Professional Organizations


  • Board Member, Stanford Project on International and Cross-Cultural Education (SPICE), Stanford University
  • Fellowship Reviewer, National Academy of Science
  • Fellowship Reviewer, Trinity College, Cambridge, England
  • Fellowship Reviewer, Hong Kong University Grant Council
  • Fellowship Reviewer, Committee on Scholarly Communication with the People’s Republic of China
  • Fellowship Reviewer, Research and Grants Committee of Hong Kong
  • Fellowship Reviewer, City University of New York Consortium on Political Science
  • Fellowship Reviewer, American Council of Learned Societies
  • Manuscript reviewer, World Politics
  • Manuscript reviewer, Comparative Politics
  • Manuscript reviewer, Corruption and Reform
  • Manuscript reviewer, China Journal
  • Manuscript reviewer, Environment and Planning A
  • Manuscript reviewer, China Quarterly
  • Manuscript reviewer, University of California Press
  • Manuscript reviewer, Australian Journal of Chinese Affairs
  • Manuscript reviewer, Rationality and Society
  • Manuscript reviewer, World Development
  • Manuscript reviewer, Routledge Press
  • Manuscript reviewer, Economic Development and Political Change
  • Manuscript reviewer, Comparative Political Studies
  • Manuscript reviewer, American Political Science Review
  • Manuscript reviewer, Stanford Press
  • Manuscript reviewer, Politics and Society
  • Manuscript reviewer, Harvard University Press
  • Manuscript reviewer, Cambridge University Press
  • Manuscript reviewer, Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics (JITE)
  • Manuscript reviewer, Asian Survey
  • Academic Advisory Board, Schwarzman Scholars Program (2014 - Present)
  • Founding Director, Stanford Center at Peking University (2012 - Present)
  • Member, Standing Review Board, Research Grants Council (RGC) under the U. Grants Committee Hong Kong (UGC) (2012 - 2014)
  • Member, Center for East Asian Studies, M.A. Admissions Committee, Stanford University (2012 - 2012)
  • Sophomore Advisor, Administrative Panel on Human Subjects in Non-medical Research Committee, Stanford University (2011 - 2012)
  • Member, Center for East Asian Studies, M.A. Admissions Committee, Stanford University (2011 - 2011)
  • Freshman Advisor, Administrative Panel on Human Subjects in Non-medical Research Committee, Stanford University (2010 - 2011)
  • Member, Department of Political Science, Admissions Committee, Stanford University (2008 - 2009)
  • Sophomore Advisor, Administrative Panel on Human Subjects in Non-medical Research Committee, Stanford University (2008 - 2009)
  • Founding Director, Stanford China Program, Stanford University (2007 - Present)
  • Freshman Advisor, Administrative Panel on Human Subjects in Non-medical Research Committee, Stanford University (2007 - 2008)
  • Member, Asia Pacific Business Review, Editorial Board (2005 - Present)
  • Chair, Center for East Asian Studies, M.A. Admissions Committee, Stanford University (2005 - 2005)
  • External Reader for Doctoral Dissertation, Australian National University (2005 - 2005)
  • Member, Asian Survey, Editorial Board (2004 - Present)
  • Member, Asian Journal of Political Science, Editorial Board (2004 - Present)
  • Chair, H&S and IIS Japan Social Science Search Committee, Stanford University (2004 - 2005)
  • Director Search Committee, Overseas Studies Program, Stanford University (2004 - 2005)
  • Freshman Advisor, Administrative Panel on Human Subjects in Non-medical Research Committee, Stanford University (2004 - 2005)
  • Chair, Center for East Asian Studies, M.A. Admissions Committee, Stanford University (2004 - 2004)
  • Member, Provost’s Faculty Steering Committee for the International Initiative, Stanford University (2003 - 2005)
  • Director Search Committee, International Comparative Area Studies, Stanford University (2003 - 2004)
  • Chair, Center for East Asian Studies, M.A. Admissions Committee, Stanford University (2003 - 2003)
  • Member, Woodrow Wilson Foundation Award Committee, American Political Science Association (2003 - 2003)
  • Faculty Advisor, Forum for Chinese/American Exchange at Stanford (FACES), Stanford University (2002 - Present)
  • Member, Department of Political Science, Comparative Search Subcommittee Committees, Stanford University (2002 - 2004)
  • Member, Overseas Studies Advisory Board, Stanford University (2002 - 2004)
  • Chair, China Inner Asia Council, Association for Asian Studies (2002 - 2003)
  • Chair, Senior Fellow/Faculty Search Committee for Oksenberg, Stanford University (2002 - 2003)
  • Member, East Asian Library, Stanford University (2002 - 2003)
  • Member, Department of Political Science, Africa Search Subcommittee, Stanford University (2002 - 2003)
  • Member, Stanford University Library, Stanford University (2002 - 2003)
  • Member, Asian Languages and Literature Department, Search Committee, Stanford University (2002 - 2003)
  • Member, Department of Political Science, Comparative Politics General Search Committee, Stanford University (2002 - 2003)
  • Member, Board of Directors, Association for Asian Studies (2002 - 2003)
  • Member, Head/Curator Search Committee, Stanford University (2002 - 2003)
  • Chair, Center for East Asian Studies, M.A. Admissions Committee, Stanford University (2002 - 2002)
  • Alternate Member, Administrative Panel on Human Subjects in Non-medical Research Committee, Stanford University (2001 - 2005)
  • Chair, Center for East Asian Studies, Post-Doctoral Selection Committee, Stanford University (2001 - 2005)
  • Member, China Fund Grant Committee, Stanford University (2001 - 2005)
  • Member, China Inner Asia Council, Association for Asian Studies: (2001 - 2003)
  • Convener, Department of Political Science, Comparative Politics Group, Stanford University (2001 - 2002)
  • Member, Nomination Committee, American Political Science Association (2001 - 2002)
  • Member, Department of Political Science, Policy and Personnel Committee, Stanford University (2001 - 2002)
  • Member, Department of Political Science, Comparative Politics General Search Committee, Stanford University (2001 - 2002)
  • Chair, Center for East Asian Studies, M.A. Admissions Committee, Stanford University (2001 - 2001)
  • Chair (at Stanford), Stanford-Berkeley Seminar, Stanford University (2000 - 2005)
  • Convener, Department of Political Science, Comparative Politics Group, Stanford University (2000 - 2001)
  • Member, Nomination Committee, American Political Science Association (2000 - 2001)
  • Member, Department of Political Science, Policy and Personnel Committee, Stanford University (2000 - 2001)
  • External Reader for Doctoral Dissertation, Australian National University (2000 - 2000)
  • Convener, Department of Political Science, Comparative Politics Group, Stanford University (1999 - 2000)
  • Chair, Department of Political Science, Comparative Politics Search Committee, Stanford University (1999 - 1999)
  • Member, O'Bie Shultz Graduate Research Fellowship Selection Committee, Stanford University (1999 - 1999)
  • Director, Center for East Asian Studies, Stanford University (1998 - 2005)
  • Member, Committee on International Political Science, American Political Science Association (1998 - 2001)
  • Chair, Department of Political Science, Encina Move Committee, Stanford University (1998 - 2000)
  • Chair, Department of Political Science, IR/Comparative Search Committee, Stanford University (1998 - 1999)
  • Chair, Sage Paper Award Committee, American Political Science Association (1998 - 1999)
  • Co-Convener, Department of Political Science, Comparative Politics Group, Stanford University (1998 - 1999)
  • Member, Department of Political Science, Other Departmental Search Committees (3), Stanford University (1998 - 1999)
  • Member, Southeast Asia Senior Fellow Search Committee, Stanford University (1998 - 1999)
  • Member, Department of Political Science, Policy and Personnel Committee, Stanford University (1998 - 1999)
  • Chair, Contemporary China Seminar Series, Stanford University (1997 - 2005)
  • Member, Steering Committee, Stanford University (1997 - 2005)
  • Co-Chair (at Stanford), Stanford-Berkeley Seminar, Stanford University (1997 - 2000)
  • Chair, Student Awards Committee, Stanford University (1997 - 1998)
  • Co-Convener, Department of Political Science, Comparative Politics Group, Stanford University (1997 - 1998)
  • Member, Millennium Committee, Stanford University (1997 - 1998)
  • Member, Department of Political Science, Admissions Committee, Stanford University (1997 - 1998)
  • Member, Department of Political Science, Senior Comparative Politics Search Committee, Stanford University (1997 - 1998)
  • Member, Department of Political Science, Other Departmental Search Committees (3), Stanford University (1997 - 1998)
  • Member, The China Quarterly, Editorial Board (1994 - 2009)
  • International Advisory Group Member for the State Council Leading Group on the Economic Development of Poor Areas, People Republic of China (1992 - 1992)
  • External Examiner for Master's Degree Examination, The Chinese University of Hong Kong (1991 - 1993)

Program Affiliations


  • Center for East Asian Studies

Professional Education


  • Ph.D., University of Michigan, Political Science (1983)
  • M.A., University of Michigan, Political Science (1975)
  • B.A., Indiana University, Political Science and East Asian Languages and Literatures (1971)

Current Research and Scholarly Interests


Political economy and the process of reform in transitional systems, with particular focus on corporate restructuring and fiscal reform, including the tax-for-fee system in China's countryside

2019-20 Courses


Stanford Advisees


  • Doctoral Dissertation Advisor (AC)
    Haemin Jee, Eunhou Song, Tongtong Zhang
  • Doctoral Dissertation Co-Advisor (AC)
    Anna Zhang
  • Doctoral (Program)
    Yiqin Fu, Jason Luo

All Publications


  • Will Demographic Change Slow China's Rise? JOURNAL OF ASIAN STUDIES Eggleston, K., Oi, J. C., Rozelle, S., Sun, A., Walder, A., Zhou, X. 2013; 72 (3): 505-518
  • Syncretism: The Politics of Economic Restructuring and System Reform in Japan Oi, J., Kushida, K. E., Shimizu, K. Brookings Institution. 2013; 3
  • Shifting Fiscal Control to Limit Cadre Power in China's Townships and Villages CHINA QUARTERLY Oi, J. C., Babiarz, K. S., Zhang, L., Luo, R., Rozelle, S. 2012: 649-675
  • Children of China's Future YaleGlobal Online Oi, J. C. 2012
  • Adapt, Fragment, Transform: Corporate Restructuring and System Reform in South Korea edited by Oi, J. C., Kim, B., Kim , E. M. Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center. 2012
  • Going Private in China: The Politics of Corporate Restructuring and System Reform edited by Oi , J. C. Walter H Shorenstein Asia Pacific Research Center. 2011
  • Turning Around State-Owned Enterprises under China’s Political Business Model The People’s Republic of China at 60: An International Assessment Oi, J. C. Harvard University Press . 2011: 212–219
  • China’s Corporate Restructuring: A Multi-step Process Going Private in China: The Politics of Corporate Restructuring and System Reform Oi, J. C., Chaohua, H. edited by Oi, J. C. Walter H Shorenstein Asia Pacific Research Center. 2011: 19–38
  • Growing Pains: Tensions and Opportunity in China's Transformation edited by Oi , J. C., Rozelle, S., Zhou, X. Brookings Institution. 2010
  • Political Crosscurrents in China’s Corporate Restructuring Growing Pains: Tensions and Opportunities in China’s Transformation Oi , J. C. edited by Oi, J. C., Rozelle, S., Zhou, X. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution. 2010
  • Uncertain Outcomes of Rural Industrialization: A Reassessment Dynamics of Local Governance in China During the Reform Era Oi, J. C., Shimizu , K. edited by Leng, T., Chu, Y. Lexington Books . 2010: 11–32
  • Fiscal Crisis in China's Townships: Causes and Consequences Grassroots Political Reform in Contemporary China Oi , J. C., Shukai, Z. edited by Goldman, M., Perry, E. Harvard University Press . 2007: 75–96
  • Chinese Firms Under Transformation: Corporate Restructuring, Employee Layoff and Manager Turnover in 1990s Politics and Neoliberalism: Structure, Process and Outcome Oi , J. C. edited by Prechel, H. Oxford: Elsevier JAI. 2007: 167–200
  • At the Crossroads of Empires: Middlemen, Social Networks, and State-building in Republican Shanghai edited by Oi , J. C., Dillon , N. Stanford University Press. 2007
  • Corporate Restructuring and Social Security in State Owned Enterprises: Lessons from China India-China: Managing Globalization Oi , J. C. edited by Kelly, D. A., Rajan , R. World Scientific Publishing. 2006: 147–166
  • Patterns of corporate restructuring in China: Political constraints on privatization Conference on the First 40 Years of the Universities Service Centre for China Studies OI, J. C. UNIV CHICAGO PRESS. 2005: 115–136
  • Old Problems for New Leaders: Institutional Disjunctions in Rural China The New Chinese Leadership: Challenges and Opportunities after the 16th Party Congress Oi , J. C. edited by Chu, Y., Lo, C., Myers, R. Cambridge University Press. 2004: 141–155
  • Guojia shehuizhuyi zhihou: Zhongguo qiye gaizhide zhengzhi yueshu (After State Socialism: Political Constraints on Corporate Restructuring in China) Ershiyi Shiji (Twenty First Century) Oi, J. C. 2004; 84: 15-23
  • Realms of Freedom in Post-Mao China Realms of Freedom in Modern China Oi , J. C. edited by Kirby, W. Stanford University Press . 2003: 264–284
  • Bending without Breaking, The Adaptability of Chinese Political Institutions How Far Across the River? Chinese Policy Reform at the Millennium Oi , J. C. edited by Hope, N. Stanford University Press . 2003: 450–468
  • Michel Charles Oksenberg: In memoriam CHINA QUARTERLY Goldstein, S. M., Lieberthal, K., Oi, J., Walder, A. 2001: 474-475
  • Elections and power: The locus of decision-making in Chinese villages CHINA QUARTERLY OI, J. C., Rozelle, S. 2000: 513-539
  • Property rights in the Chinese economy: Contours of the process of change Conference on Property Rights in Transitional Economies - Insights from Research on China Walder, A. G., OI, J. C. STANFORD UNIV PRESS. 2000: 1-?
  • Elections and Power: The Locus of Decision Making in Chinese Villages Elections and Democracy in Greater China Oi, J. C., Rozelle, S. edited by Diamond, L., Myers, R. Oxford University Press. 2000: 149–175
  • Two decades of rural reform in China: An overview and assessment CHINA QUARTERLY OI, J. C. 1999: 616-628
  • Property Rights and Economic Reform in China edited by Oi , J. C., Walder , A. G. Stanford University Press. 1999
  • Two Decades of Rural Reform in China: An Overview and Assessment The People’s Republic of China After 50 Years Oi, J. C. edited by Edmonds, R. Oxford University Press. 1999: 54–66
  • Rural China Takes Off: Institutional Foundations of Economic Reform Oi , J. C. University of California Press. 1999
  • The Collective Foundation of Rapid Rural Industrialization Cooperative and Collective in China's Rural Development: Between State and Private Interest Oi, J. C. edited by Vermeer, E., Pieke, F. N., Chong, W. L. M.E. Sharpe. 1998: 93–109
  • The Evolution of Local State Corporatism Zouping in Transition: The Process of Reform in Rural North China Oi , J. C. edited by Walder, A. Harvard University Press. 1998 : 35–61
  • Fiscal Reform and the Economic Foundations of Local State Corporatism in China The Political Economy of Chinese Reforms Oi , J. C. edited by Yang, G., Zhiyuan, C. Hong Kong: Oxford University Press. 1997: 15–36
  • The Role of the Local State in China's Transitional Economy The International Library of Politics and Comparative Government Oi, J. C. edited by Ware, A. J., Smith, G., Arter, D. Ashgate Publishing Ltd.. 1997
  • The Role of the Local State in China's Transitional Economy China's Transitional Economy Oi, J. C. edited by Walder, A. Oxford University Press. 1996: 170–187
  • Economic Development, Stability, and Democratic Village Self-Governance China Review 1996 Oi, J. C. edited by Brosseau, M., Pepper, S., Shu-ki, T. Chinese University Press. 1996: 125–144
  • The role of the local state in China's transitional economy CHINA QUARTERLY OI, J. C. 1995: 1132-1149
  • Reform and Urban Bias in China The Sociology of Developoment Oi, J. C. edited by Roberts, B., Woo, C., Cushing, B. England: Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd.. 1995
  • Rational Choices and the Attainment of Wealth and Power in China's Countryside China Quiet Revolution: New Interactions Between State and Society Oi , J. C. edited by Goodman, D. S., Hooper, B. Longman Chesire . 1994
  • The Chinese and Their Future: Beijing, Taipei, and Hong Kong Oi , J. C. American Enterprise Institute. 1994
  • Chinese Agriculture: Modernization, but at What Costs? The Chinese and Their Future: Beijing, Taipei and Hong Kong Oi, J. C. edited by Lin, Z., Robinson, T. The AEI Press. 1994: 153–171
  • REFORM AND URBAN BIAS IN CHINA JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES OI, J. C. 1993; 29 (4): 129-148
  • Reform and Urban Bias in China Beyond Urban Bias Oi, J. C. edited by Varshney, A. London: Frank Cass . 1993
  • FISCAL REFORM AND THE ECONOMIC FOUNDATIONS OF LOCAL STATE CORPORATISM IN CHINA WORLD POLITICS OI, J. C. 1992; 45 (1): 99-126
  • Shandong Nourish the People: State Civilian Granaries in China, 1650-1850 Oi, J. C., Will, P. edited by Wong, R. B., Will, P. University of Michigan Center for Chinese Studies. 1992: 321–388
  • Mobilization and Participation: The Case of China Guide to Asian Case Studies in the Social Sciences Oi , J. C. edited by Cohen, M. National Endowment for the Humanities. 1992: 257–266
  • Partial Reform and Corruption in Rural China China's Post-Mao Reforms: A Comparative Assessment Oi, J. C. edited by Baum, R. New York: Routledge. 1991: 143–161
  • The Fate of the Collective after the Commune Chinese Society on the Eve of Tiananmen: The Impact of Reform Oi, J. C. edited by Davis, D., Vogel, E. Council on East Asian Studies, Harvard University. 1990: 15–36
  • MARKET REFORMS AND CORRUPTION IN RURAL CHINA STUDIES IN COMPARATIVE COMMUNISM OI, J. C. 1989; 22 (2-3): 221-233
  • State and Peasant in Contemporary China: The Political Economy of Village Government Oi , J. C. University of California Press . 1989
  • The Chinese Village, Inc. Chinese Economic Policy Oi , J. C. edited by Reynolds, B. Paragon Press . 1988: 67–87
  • COMMERCIALIZING CHINA RURAL CADRES PROBLEMS OF COMMUNISM OI, J. C. 1986; 35 (5): 1-15
  • PEASANT HOUSEHOLDS BETWEEN PLAN AND MARKET - CADRE CONTROL OVER AGRICULTURAL INPUTS MODERN CHINA OI, J. C. 1986; 12 (2): 230-251
  • Peasant Grain Marketing and State Procurements: China's Grain Contracting System China Quarterly Oi, J. C. 1986; 106: 272-290
  • COMMUNISM AND CLIENTELISM - RURAL POLITICS IN CHINA WORLD POLITICS OI, J. C. 1985; 37 (2): 238-266
  • The Harvest and the Politics of Local Grain Reserves Agricultural and Rural Development in China Today: Selected Papers from a Cornell University Workshop Oi, J. C. edited by Barker, R., Rose, B. Program in International Agriculture, Cornell University. 1983: 97–119
  • Politics in China's Local Grain Reserve System Development and Change in China Oi , J. C. edited by Chen, E. K., Chin, S. S. University of Hong Kong Centre of Asian Studies. 1981: 157–177