Bio


Jon Krosnick is a social psychologist who does research on attitude formation, change, and effects, on the psychology of political behavior, and on survey research methods. He is the Frederic O. Glover Professor in Humanities and Social Sciences, Professor of Communication, Political Science, and (by courtesy) Psychology. At Stanford, in addition to his professorships, he directs the Political Psychology Research Group and the Summer Institute in Political Psychology.

To read reports on Professor Krosnick’s research program exploring public opinion on the environment visit the Woods Institute for the Environment and the Public Opinion on Climate Change web sites.

Research Interests
Author of four books and more than 140 articles and chapters, Dr. Krosnick conducts research in three primary areas: (1) attitude formation, change, and effects, (2) the psychology of political behavior, and (3) the optimal design of questionnaires used for laboratory experiments and surveys, and survey research methodology more generally.

His attitude research has focused primarily on the notion of attitude strength, seeking to differentiate attitudes that are firmly crystallized and powerfully influential of thinking and action from attitudes that are flexible and inconsequential. Many of his studies in this area have focused on the amount of personal importance that an individual chooses to attach to an attitude. Dr. Krosnick’s studies have illuminated the origins of attitude importance (e.g., material self-interest and values) and the cognitive and behavioral consequences of importance in regulating attitude impact and attitude change processes.

Honors
Dr. Krosnick’s scholarship has been recognized by election as a fellow by the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and by the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Erik Erikson Early Career Award for Excellence and Creativity in the Field of Political Psychology from the International Society of Political Psychology, a fellowship at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, the Phillip Brickman Memorial Prize for Research in Social Psychology, the American Political Science Association’s Best Paper Award, the American Association for Public Opinion Research Student Paper Award, the Midwest Political Science Association’s Pi Sigma Alpha Award, and the University of Wisconsin’s Brittingham Visiting Scholar Position.

Academic Appointments


Administrative Appointments


  • Visiting Research Collaborator, Princeton University (2013 - 2014)
  • Research Psychologist, Center for Survey Measurement, U.S. Census Bureau, United States Department of Commerce (2010 - Present)
  • Research Psychologist, Statistical Research Division, U.S. Census Bureau, United States Department of Commerce (2009 - 2010)
  • Research Professor, Survey Research Laboratory, University of Illinois (2006 - Present)
  • Co-Principal Investigator, American National Election Studies (2005 - 2011)
  • Frederic O. Glover Professor, Humanities and Social Sciences, Stanford University (2004 - Present)
  • Professor, Department of Communication, Stanford University (2004 - Present)
  • Professor, Department of Political Science, Stanford University (2004 - Present)
  • Professor, Department of Psychology (by courtesy), Stanford University (2004 - Present)
  • Associate Director, Institute for Research in the Social Sciences, Stanford University (2004 - 2008)
  • Senior Fellow, Woods Institute for the Environment (by courtesy), Stanford University (2008 - 2014)
  • Senior Fellow, Woods Institute for the Environment, Stanford University (2005 - 2008)
  • Director, Methods of Analysis Program in the Social Sciences, Stanford University (2004 - 2007)
  • Visiting Professor, Department of Psychology, The Ohio State University (2004 - 2006)
  • Visiting Professor, Department of Communication, Stanford University (2003 - 2004)
  • Assistant to Associate to Full Professor, Departments of Psychology and Political Science, The Ohio State University (1986 - 2004)
  • Adjunct Research Investigator, Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan (1987 - 1989)
  • Visiting Scholar, Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan (1986 - 1987)
  • Research Assistant, Center for Political Studies and Survey Research Center, Inst. for Social Research, U. of Michigan (1982 - 1985)
  • Senior Research Assistant, Department of Psychology, Harvard University (1980 - 1981)
  • Senior Research Assistant, Department of Behavioral Sciences, School of Public Health, Harvard University (1979 - 1981)
  • Fellow, Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, Stanford, California (1996 - 1997)
  • Elected Fellow, American Psychological Association (1998 - 1998)
  • Elected Fellow, Society for Personality and Social Psychology (1998 - 1998)
  • Elected Fellow, American Psychological Society (1998 - 1998)
  • Appointed University Fellow, Resources for the Future, Washington, DC (2001 - Present)
  • Elected Fellow, American Academy of Arts and Sciences (2009 - 2009)
  • Elected Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science (2010 - 2010)
  • Fellow, Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, Stanford, California (2013 - 2014)
  • Graduate Training Fellowship, National Institute of Mental Health (1982 - 1982)
  • Graduate Training Fellowship, National Institute of Mental Health (1984 - 1984)

Honors & Awards


  • Science Award, Bausch and Lomb (1976)
  • Phillip Brickman Memorial Prize for Research in Social Psychology, University of Michigan (1984)
  • Student Paper Award, American Association for Public Opinion Research (1984)
  • Pi Sigma Alpha Award, Best Paper Presented at the 1983 Midwest Political Science Association Annual Meeting (1984)
  • Elected Departmental Associate, Department of Psychology, University of Michigan (1984)
  • Brittingham Visiting Scholar, University of Wisconsin (1993)
  • Erik H. Erikson Early Career Award, International Society of Political Psychology (1995)
  • Prize for the Best Paper Presented at the 2002, Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association (2003)
  • The AAPOR Award, American Association for Public Opinion Research (2014)

Boards, Advisory Committees, Professional Organizations


  • Editorial Board Member, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (1989 - 2000)
  • Editorial Board Member, Journal of Experimental Social Psychology (1990 - 1994)
  • Editorial Board Member, Basic and Applied Social Psychology (1997 - 2003)
  • Editorial Board Member, Public Opinion Quarterly (1988 - 1991)
  • Editorial Board Member, Public Opinion Quarterly (1994 - 2002)
  • Editorial Board Member, Media Psychology (1998 - 2005)
  • Editorial Board Member, Sociological Methodology (2006 - 2008)
  • Editorial Board Member, Pathways (2008)
  • Editorial Board Member, Journal of Survey Statistics and Methodology (2012)
  • Chair, Student Paper Competition Committee, American Association for Public Opinion Research (1989 - 1990)
  • Member, Planning Committee for the 1990 National Election Study (1990 - 1990)
  • Member, Student Paper Competition Committee, American Association for Public Opinion Research (1994 - 1994)
  • Member, National Science Foundation Special Grant Proposal Evaluation Panel on Valuation for Environmental Policy (1995 - 1995)
  • Member, Student Paper Competition Committee, American Association for Public Opinion Research (1996 - 1996)
  • Member, Planning Committee for the 1996 National Election Study (1996 - 1996)
  • Member, Planning Committee for the 1998 National Election Pilot Study (1998 - 1998)
  • Senior Research Advisor, The Gallup Organization (1999 - 1999)
  • Member, Board of Overseers, National Election Studies, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan (1997 - 2006)
  • Member, Governing Council, International Society of Political Psychology (2000 - 2003)
  • Member, Conference Committee, International Society of Political Psychology (2000 - 2003)
  • Member, Survey Methodology Group of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (2000 - 2002)
  • Member, Board of Overseers, General Social Survey, National Opinion Research Center, University of Chicago (2000 - 2008)
  • Member, Advisory Board of the Canadian Election Study, McGill University, U. of Montreal, and U. of Toronto (2001 - 2001)
  • Associate Conference Chair, American Association for Public Opinion Research (2001 - 2002)
  • Conference Chair, American Association for Public Opinion Research (2002 - 2003)
  • Chair, Committee to Award the Erik H. Erikson Early Career Award for Excellence and Creativity in the Field of Political Psychology, International Society of Political Psychology (2001 - 2002)
  • Member, Visiting Committee to Evaluate a Proposed PhD. Program in Survey Research and Methodology, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska (2001 - 2001)
  • Member, Advisory Panel, Special Competition to Fund Research on Survey and Statistical Methodology; Methodology, Measurement, and Statistics Program, National Science Foundation (2002 - 2002)
  • Member, Advisory Board of the Canadian Election Study, McGill University, U. of Montreal, and U. of Toronto (2003 - 2003)
  • Member, Advisory Com.for the Div. of Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences, National Science Foundation (2004 - 2006)
  • Member, Scientific Advisory Board, Polimetrix, Palo Alto, California (2004 - 2006)
  • Member, Philip E. Converse Book Award Committee, American Political Science Association (2005 - 2005)
  • Member, Nominating committee, International Society for Political Psychology (2005 - 2005)
  • Member, Working Group on Public Attitudes and Ethical Issues, Global Roundtable on Climate Change, Earth Institute, Columbia University (2005 - 2005)
  • Dissertation committee member, William M. van der Veld, Faculty of Social and Behavioral Sciences, University of Amsterdam (2006 - 2006)
  • Associated Scientist, Statistics and Methodology Department, National Opinion Research Center, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois (2007 - 2007)
  • Member, Advisory Board, Book Series on Political Psychology, Oxford University Press (2007)
  • Member, International Advisory Board, Measurement and Experiments in the Social Sciences, Institute for Data Collection and Research, University of Tilburg, The Netherlands (2007)
  • Member, Board of Directors, Climate Central, Princeton, New Jersey, and Palo Alto, California (2008 - 2012)
  • Member, AAPOR Opt-in Panel Online Panel Task Force (2009 - 2010)
  • Chair, Committee to Conduct a Site Visit Review of the General Social Survey for the National Science Foundation (2011 - 2011)
  • Member, Advisory Committee for the Division of Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences, National Science Foundation (2011 - Present)
  • Member, Policy Impact Award Committee, American Association for Public Opinion Research (2012 - 2012)
  • Member, Advisory Committee on Study to Evaluate the Impact of Survey Response Rates, Pew Researcher Center, Washington, DC (2012 - 2012)
  • Member, Advisory Board, Voice of the People (2012)
  • Chair, Subcommittee on the Future of Survey Research, National Science Foundation (2012 - 2012)
  • Chair, Advisory Committee for the Division of Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences, National Science Foundation (2012 - 2012)
  • Member, Governing Council, International Society of Political Psychology (2013 - 2014)
  • Member, Subcommittee on Replication in Social, Behavioral, and Economic Science Research, National Science Foundation (2012 - 2013)
  • Member, Advisory Committee for the Division of Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences, National Science Foundation (2012 - 2013)
  • Faculty Advisor, Social Psychology Colloquium Series, Ohio State University (1985 - 1996)
  • Faculty Advisor, Social Psychology Colloquium Series, Ohio State University (2001 - 2003)
  • Chair, Social Psychology Area Admissions Committee, Ohio State University (1985 - 1990)
  • Member, Psychology Department Admissions Committee, Ohio State University (1985 - 1990)
  • Member, Psychology Department Stipends Committee, Ohio State University (1986 - 1987)
  • Member, Lazenby Equipment Committee, Ohio State University (1986 - 1988)
  • Member, Social Psychology Area Search Committee for Two Permanent Senior Faculty Members, Ohio State University (1986 - 1987)
  • Member, Social Psychology Area Search Committee for Junior Faculty Member, Ohio State University (1988 - 1989)
  • Member, Search Committee for Junior Faculty Member in Industrial/Organizational Psychology, Ohio State University (1990 - 1991)
  • Co-Coordinator, Political Psychology Minor Program Steering Committee, Political Science Department, Ohio State University (1989 - 1994)
  • Member, Psychology Department Speakers Committee, Ohio State University (1989 - 1996)
  • Member, Psychology Department Speakers Committee, Ohio State University (1999 - 2003)
  • Member, Psychology Department Subject Pool Supervisory Committee, Ohio State University (1990 - 1996)
  • Chair, College of Social and Behavioral Sciences Survey Research Advisory Committee, Ohio State University (1995 - 1996)
  • Member, Political Science Department Search Committee, Ohio State University (1995 - 1996)
  • Member, College of Social and Behavioral Sciences Center for Survey Research Advisory Committee, Ohio State University (1997 - 2003)
  • Chair, Social Psychology Senior Faculty Search Committee, Ohio State University (2000 - 2000)
  • Member, College of Social and Behavioral Sciences Oversight Committee for the Center for Human Resource Research, Ohio State University (2000 - 2000)
  • Member, Psychology Department Promotion and Tenure Committee, Ohio State University (2001 - 2003)
  • Chair, Social Psychology Junior Faculty Search Committee, Ohio State University (2001 - 2002)
  • Faculty advisor, Summer Research Opportunity Program, Committee on Instructional Cooperation (CIC), Ohio State University (2002 - 2002)
  • Member, Planning Committee for the Social Science Research Institute, Stanford University (2003 - 2004)
  • Member, Steering Committee for the Methods of Analysis Program in the Social Sciences, Stanford University (2003 - 2004)
  • Faculty Affiliate, Center for Comparative Studies in Race and Ethnicity, Stanford University (2004)
  • Member, Grant proposal review committee, Environmental Interdisciplinary Initiatives Program, Stanford Institute for the Environment, Stanford University (2004 - 2004)
  • Member, Planning Committee for the Stanford Center on Longevity, Stanford University (2004 - 2005)
  • Member, Faculty Leadership Committee, Stanford Institute for the Environment, Stanford University (2005 - 2008)
  • Member, Grant proposal review committee, Environmental Venture Grants Program, Woods Institute for the Environment, Stanford University (2006 - 2006)
  • Co-chair, Grant proposal review committee, Environmental Venture Grants Program, Woods Institute for the Environment, Stanford University (2007 - 2007)
  • Member, Grant proposal review committee, Environmental Venture Grants Program, Woods Institute for the Environment, Stanford University (2012)
  • Member, Course Evaluation Committee, Stanford University (2012 - Present)
  • Member, Provost’s Advisory Committee on Postdoctoral Affairs, Stanford University (2012 - 2013)
  • Member, Evaluation committee for applicants to the Emmett Interdisciplinary Program in Environment & Resources, Stanford University (2012 - 2012)
  • Member, Evaluation committee for applicants to the Emmett Interdisciplinary Program in Environment & Resources, Stanford University (2013 - 2013)
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Journal of Experimental Social Psychology
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Social Psychology Quarterly
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, European Journal of Social Psychology
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Social Cognition
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Basic and Applied Social Psychology
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Journal of Personality
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Psychological Review
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Psychological Bulletin
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Psychological Science
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Psychological Assessment
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Personality and Social Psychology Review
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Psychology and Aging
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Psychology, Public Policy, and Law
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, American Political Science Review
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, American Journal of Political Science
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, American Politics Quarterly
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Western Political Quarterly
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Political Research Quarterly
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Political Behavior
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Journal of Politics
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Political Analysis
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Harvard International Journal of Press/Politics
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Southeastern Political Review
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Public Opinion Quarterly
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, International Journal of Public Opinion Research
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Journal of Survey Statistics and Methodology
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Political Psychology
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Political Communication
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, International Studies Quarterly
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, American Sociological Review
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Sociological Methods and Research
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Sociological Methodology
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Social Science Quarterly
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Journal of Official Statistics
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Journal of the American Statistical Association
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Journal of Economic Psychology
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Communication Research
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Journal of Consumer Research
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Journal of Research in Personality
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Developmental Psychology
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Motivation and Emotion
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Psychophysiology
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Climatic Change
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Climate Change Letters
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Review of Policy Research
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Annals of Epidemiology
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Communication Methods and Measures
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Preventive Medicine
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, New Jersey Medicine
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Academic Press
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Praeger Publishers
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Alfred A. Knopf Publishers
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Brooks/Cole Publishing Company
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Harper and Row Publishers
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, MacMillan Publishing Company
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Cambridge University Press
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Oxford University Press
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, W. W. Norton
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, W. H. Freeman
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, National Academy of Sciences
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, National Science Foundation - Social Psychology Program
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, National Science Foundation - Sociology Program
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, National Science Foundation - Political Science Program
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, National Science Foundation - Program in Methodology, Measurement, and Statistics in the Social Sciences
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Society for Consumer Psychology
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, American Psychological Association
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Time-sharing Experiments for the Social Sciences (TESS)
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, University of Michigan, Department of Political Science (P&T)
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, University of Minnesota, Department of Political Science (P&T)
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, University of Minnesota, Department of Psychology (P&T)
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, University of Southern California, Department of Psychology (P&T)
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, University of Texas – Austin, Department of Communication Studies (P&T)
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, London School of Economics and Political Science, Methodology Institute (P&T)
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, University of Nebraska, Department of Political Science (P&T)
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, University of Nebraska, Department of Psychology (P&T)
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Political Science (P&T)
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, University of Chicago, Harris School of Public Policy (P&T)
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, University of Chicago, Department of Political Science (P&T)
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Iowa State University, Department of Psychology (P&T)
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Ohio State University, University Libraries (P&T)
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, University of Florida, Department of Psychology (P&T)
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, University of Pennsylvania, Department of Political Science (P&T)
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan (P&T)
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Columbia University, Department of Political Science (P&T)
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, American University, School of Public Affairs (P&T)
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Center for Advanced Study in the Social and Behavioral Sciences
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, University of Mannheim, School of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science (P&T)
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Netherlands Institute for Advanced Study in the Humanities and Social Sciences
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research, Division of Social Sciences
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Workers’ Compensation Board of British Columbia
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, Fund for Scientific Research – Flanders, Brussels, Belgium

Professional Education


  • Ph.D., University of Michigan, Social Psychology (1986)
  • M.A., University of Michigan, Social Psychology (1983)
  • A.B., Harvard University, Psychology (1980)

2017-18 Courses


Stanford Advisees


All Publications


  • Moderators of Candidate Name-Order Effects in Elections: An Experiment POLITICAL PSYCHOLOGY Kim, N., Krosnick, J., Casasanto, D. 2015; 36 (5): 525-542

    View details for DOI 10.1111/pops.12178

    View details for Web of Science ID 000361039200003

  • Misinformed About the Affordable Care Act? Leveraging Certainty to Assess the Prevalence of Misperceptions JOURNAL OF COMMUNICATION Pasek, J., Sood, G., Krosnick, J. A. 2015; 65 (4): 660-673

    View details for DOI 10.1111/jcom.12165

    View details for Web of Science ID 000358695900006

  • The American public's preference for preparation for the possible effects of global warming: impact of communication strategies CLIMATIC CHANGE MacInnis, B., Krosnick, J. A., Abeles, A., Caldwell, M. R., Prahler, E., Dunne, D. D. 2015; 128 (1-2): 17-33
  • The impact of candidate name order on election outcomes in North Dakota ELECTORAL STUDIES Chen, E., Simonovits, G., Krosnick, J. A., Pasek, J. 2014; 35: 115-122
  • PREVALENCE AND MODERATORS OF THE CANDIDATE NAME-ORDER EFFECT EVIDENCE FROM STATEWIDE GENERAL ELECTIONS IN CALIFORNIA PUBLIC OPINION QUARTERLY Pasek, J., Schneider, D., Krosnick, J. A., Tahk, A., Ophir, E., Milligan, C. 2014; 78 (2): 416-439

    View details for DOI 10.1093/poq/nfu013

    View details for Web of Science ID 000343202300003

  • PUBLIC MISUNDERSTANDING OF POLITICAL FACTS: HOW QUESTION WORDING AFFECTED ESTIMATES OF PARTISAN DIFFERENCES IN BIRTHERISM PUBLIC OPINION QUARTERLY Krosnick, J. A., Malhotra, N., Mittal, U. 2014; 78 (1): 147-165

    View details for DOI 10.1093/poq/nft080

    View details for Web of Science ID 000339949000007

  • Choosing the Number of Categories in Agree-Disagree Scales SOCIOLOGICAL METHODS & RESEARCH Revilla, M. A., Saris, W. E., Krosnick, J. A. 2014; 43 (1): 73-97
  • ATTITUDES TOWARD BLACKS IN THE OBAMA ERA CHANGING DISTRIBUTIONS AND IMPACTS ON JOB APPROVAL AND ELECTORAL CHOICE, 2008-2012 PUBLIC OPINION QUARTERLY Pasek, J., Stark, T. H., Krosnick, J. A., Tompson, T., Payne, B. K. 2014; 78: 276-302

    View details for DOI 10.1093/poq/nfu012

    View details for Web of Science ID 000338832200005

  • Online panel research: A data quality perspective edited by Callegaro, M., Baker, R., Bethlehem, J., Göritz, A., Krosnick, J. A., Lavrakas, P. J. 2014
  • The impact of candidate name order on election outcomes in North Dakota Electoral Studies Chen, E., Simonovits, G., Krosnick, J. A., Pasek, J. 2014; 35: 115-122
  • A critical review of studies investigating the quality of data obtained with online panels Online panel research: A data quality perspective Callegaro, M., Villar, A., Krosnick, J. A., Yeager, D. edited by Callegaro, M., Baker, R., Bethlehem, J., Göritz, A., Krosnick, J. A., Lavrakas, P. J. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley and Sons. 2014
  • Public misunderstanding of political facts: How question wording affected estimates of partisan differences in birtherism Public Opinion Quarterly Krosnick, J. A., Malhotra, N., Mittal, U. 2014; 78: 147-165
  • The impact of the Gulf War on the ingredients of presidential evaluations: Multidimensional effects of political involvement Methodological Innovations in Social Psychology Krosnick, J. A., Brannon, L. A. edited by Reis, H. T. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. 2014: 963–975
  • Survey research Handbook of research methods in social psychology Krosnick, J. A., Kim, N., Lavrakas, P. edited by Reis, H. T., Judd, C. M. New York: Cambridge University Press. 2014; Second
  • Introduction to Part IV Online panel research: A data quality perspective Göritz, A., Krosnick, J. A. edited by Callegaro, M., Baker, R., Bethlehem, J., Göritz, A., Krosnick, J. A., Lavrakas, P. J. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley and Sons. 2014
  • Introduction to Part I. Online panel research: A data quality perspective Callegaro, M., Krosnick, J. A. edited by Callegaro, M., Baker, R., Bethlehem, J., Göritz, A., Krosnick, J. A., Lavrakas, P. J. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley and Sons. 2014
  • Online panel research: History, concepts, applications, and a look at the future Online panel research: A data quality perspective Callegaro, M., Baker, R., Bethlehem, J., Göritz, A., Krosnick, J. A., Lavrakas, P. J. edited by Callegaro, M., Baker, R., Bethlehem, J., Göritz, A., Krosnick, J. A., Lavrakas, P. J. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley and Sons. 2014
  • A comparison of mindless and survey satisficing The Wiley-Blackwell Handbook of Mindfulness Vannette, D. L., Krosnick, J. A. edited by Ie, A., Ngnoumen, C. T., Langer, E. J. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons. 2014
  • Does the American Public Support Legislation to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions? DAEDALUS Krosnick, J. A., MacInnis, B. 2013; 142 (1): 26-39
  • Attitude strength: One construct or many related constructs? Social Cognition Krosnick, J. A., Boninger, D. S., Chuang, Y. C., Berent, M. K., Carnot, C. G. edited by Fiske, S. T. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. 2013
  • A NEW QUESTION SEQUENCE TO MEASURE VOTER TURNOUT IN TELEPHONE SURVEYS RESULTS OF AN EXPERIMENT IN THE 2006 ANES PILOT STUDY PUBLIC OPINION QUARTERLY Holbrook, A. L., Krosnick, J. A. 2013; 77: 106-123

    View details for DOI 10.1093/poq/nfs061

    View details for Web of Science ID 000316740400007

  • Complete anonymity compromises the accuracy of self-reports JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY Lelkes, Y., Krosnick, J. A., Marx, D. M., Judd, C. M., Park, B. 2012; 48 (6): 1291-1299
  • Improving ability measurement in surveys by following the principles of IRT: The Wordsum vocabulary test in the General Social Survey SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH Cor, M. K., Haertel, E., Krosnick, J. A., Malhotra, N. 2012; 41 (5): 1003-1016

    Abstract

    Survey researchers often administer batteries of questions to measure respondents' abilities, but these batteries are not always designed in keeping with the principles of optimal test construction. This paper illustrates one instance in which following these principles can improve a measurement tool used widely in the social and behavioral sciences: the GSS's vocabulary test called "Wordsum". This ten-item test is composed of very difficult items and very easy items, and item response theory (IRT) suggests that the omission of moderately difficult items is likely to have handicapped Wordsum's effectiveness. Analyses of data from national samples of thousands of American adults show that after adding four moderately difficult items to create a 14-item battery, "Wordsumplus" (1) outperformed the original battery in terms of quality indicators suggested by classical test theory; (2) reduced the standard error of IRT ability estimates in the middle of the latent ability dimension; and (3) exhibited higher concurrent validity. These findings show how to improve Wordsum and suggest that analysts should use a score based on all 14 items instead of using the summary score provided by the GSS, which is based on only the original 10 items. These results also show more generally how surveys measuring abilities (and other constructs) can benefit from careful application of insights from the contemporary educational testing literature.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.ssresearch.2012.05.007

    View details for Web of Science ID 000306620600001

    View details for PubMedID 23017913

  • Does Mentioning "Some People" and "Other People" in an Opinion Question Improve Measurement Quality? PUBLIC OPINION QUARTERLY Yeager, D. S., Krosnick, J. A. 2012; 76 (1): 131-141

    View details for DOI 10.1093/poq/nfr066

    View details for Web of Science ID 000301068300008

  • Public opinion on environmental policy in the United States Handbook of U.S. Environmental Policy Daniels, D. P., Krosnick, J. A., Tichy, M. P., Tompson, T. edited by Kraft, M., Kamieniecki, S. New York: Oxford University Press. 2012
  • The development of attitude strength over the life cycle: Surge and decline The psychology of attitudes: Key readings Visser, P. S., Krosnick, J. A. edited by Haddock, G., Madio, G. R. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. 2012
  • Does Mentioning "Some People" and "Other People" in a Survey Question Increase the Accuracy of Adolescents' Self-Reports? DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY Yeager, D. S., Krosnick, J. A. 2011; 47 (6): 1674-1679

    Abstract

    A great deal of developmental research has relied on self-reports solicited using the "some/other" question format ("Some students think that… but other students think that…"). This article reports tests of the assumptions underlying its use: that it conveys to adolescents that socially undesirable attitudes, beliefs, or behaviors are not uncommon and legitimizes reporting them, yielding more valid self-reports than would be obtained by "direct" questions, which do not mention what other people think or do. A meta-analysis of 11 experiments embedded in four surveys of diverse samples of adolescents did not support the assumption that the some/other form increases validity. Although the some/other form led adolescents to think that undesirable attitudes, beliefs, or behaviors were more common and resulted in more reports of those attitudes and behaviors, answers to some/other questions were lower in criterion validity than were answers to direct questions. Because some/other questions take longer to ask and answer and require greater cognitive effort from participants (because they involve more words), and because they decrease measurement accuracy, the some/other question format seems best avoided.

    View details for DOI 10.1037/a0025440

    View details for Web of Science ID 000296613600015

    View details for PubMedID 21910530

  • Measuring Americans' Issue Priorities PUBLIC OPINION QUARTERLY Yeager, D. S., Larson, S. B., Krosnick, J. A., Tompson, T. 2011; 75 (1): 125-138

    View details for DOI 10.1093/poq/nfq075

    View details for Web of Science ID 000288268800008

  • Re: Response to the Validity of Self-Reported Nicotine Product Use in the 2001-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey MEDICAL CARE Yeager, D., Krosnick, J. A. 2011; 49 (3): 332-332
  • Global warming vs. climate change, taxes vs. prices: Does word choice matter? CLIMATIC CHANGE Villar, A., Krosnick, J. A. 2011; 105 (1-2): 1-12
  • COMPARING THE ACCURACY OF RDD TELEPHONE SURVEYS AND INTERNET SURVEYS CONDUCTED WITH PROBABILITY AND NON-PROBABILITY SAMPLES PUBLIC OPINION QUARTERLY Yeager, D. S., Krosnick, J. A., Chang, L., Javitz, H. S., Levendusky, M. S., Simpser, A., Wang, R. 2011; 75 (4): 709-747

    View details for DOI 10.1093/poq/nfr020

    View details for Web of Science ID 000296630500005

  • How the ANES used online commons proposals and pilot study reports to develop its 2008 questionnaires Improving public opinion surveys: Interdisciplinary innovation and the American National Election Studies Krosnick, J. A., Lupia, A. edited by Aldrich, J. A., McGraw, K. M. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. 2011
  • Experiments for evaluating survey questions Question evaluation methods Krosnick, J. A. edited by Miller, K., Madans, J., Willis, G., Maitland, A. New York, NY: Wiley. 2011
  • Measuring Americans’ issue priorities: A new version of the most important problem question reveals more concern about global warming and the environment Public Opinion Quarterly Yeager, D. S., Larson, S. B., Krosnick, J. A., Tompson, T. 2011; 75: 125-138
  • The American National Election Studies and the importance of new ideas Improving public opinion surveys: Interdisciplinary innovation and the American National Election Studies Krosnick, J. A., Lupia, A. edited by Aldrich, J. A., McGraw, K. M. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. 2011
  • The Validity of Self-Reported Nicotine Product Use in the 2001-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey MEDICAL CARE Yeager, D. S., Krosnick, J. A. 2010; 48 (12): 1128-1132

    Abstract

    Many researchers rely on high-quality face-to-face national surveys conducted by the federal government to estimate the prevalence of nicotine product use, but some scholars have suggested that adults' self-reports in such surveys are intentionally distorted by social desirability response bias, thus raising questions about the validity of those data.To assess the validity of face-to-face survey self-reports by comparing them with physiological tests.Respondents in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey provided self-reports of nicotine product use and gave blood samples that were analyzed for levels of serum cotinine, an indicator of nicotine exposure.Nationally representative samples of thousands of American adults in National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey surveys conducted in 2001-2002, 2003-2004, 2005-2006, and 2007-2008.Serum cotinine levels and self-reports of nicotine product use.On average, only 1.17% to 1.25% of adult respondents said that they did not use a product containing nicotine, but had elevated cotinine levels. After eliminating the potential influence of passive smoking, these figures dropped to 0.89% to 0.94%. This small discrepancy between the 2 assessments could be due to measurement error in the cotinine test results or to recent use of cotinine-elevating medication.These data do not support the claim that a substantial number of adult respondents intentionally under-report nicotine consumption in face-to-face interviews. The remarkable accuracy of self-reports of nicotine consumption seen here justifies confidence in self-reports of this behavior in such surveys.

    View details for DOI 10.1097/MLR.0b013e3181ef9948

    View details for Web of Science ID 000284380200013

    View details for PubMedID 20940652

  • MEASURING VOTER TURNOUT BY USING THE RANDOMIZED RESPONSE TECHNIQUE EVIDENCE CALLING INTO QUESTION THE METHOD'S VALIDITY PUBLIC OPINION QUARTERLY Holbrook, A. L., Krosnick, J. A. 2010; 74 (2): 328-343

    View details for DOI 10.1093/poq/nfq012

    View details for Web of Science ID 000278731600007

  • Social desirability bias in voter turnout reports PUBLIC OPINION QUARTERLY Holbrook, A. L., Krosnick, J. A. 2010; 74 (1): 37-67

    View details for DOI 10.1093/poq/nfp065

    View details for Web of Science ID 000275270700002

  • Comparing Oral Interviewing with Self-Administered Computerized QuestionnairesAn Experiment PUBLIC OPINION QUARTERLY Chang, L., Krosnick, J. A. 2010; 74 (1): 154-167

    View details for DOI 10.1093/poq/nfp090

    View details for Web of Science ID 000275270700007

  • Implicit and explicit prejudice in the 2008 American presidential election JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY Payne, B. K., Krosnick, J. A., Pasek, J., Lelkes, Y., Akhtar, O., Tompson, T. 2010; 46 (2): 367-374
  • Research Synthesis PUBLIC OPINION QUARTERLY Baker, R., Blumberg, S. J., Brick, J. M., Couper, M. P., Courtright, M., Dennis, J. M., Dillman, D., Frankel, M. R., Garland, P., Groves, R. M., Kennedy, C., Krosnick, J., Lavrakas, P. J., Lee, S., Link, M., Piekarski, L., Rao, K., Thomas, R. K., Zahs, D. 2010; 74 (4): 711-781

    View details for DOI 10.1093/poq/nfq048

    View details for Web of Science ID 000283678400006

  • AAPOR report on online panels Public Opinion Quarterly Baker, R., Blumberg, S., Brick, J. M., Couper, M. P., Courtright, M., Dennis, M., Dillman, D., Frankel, M. R., Garland, P., Groves, R. M., Kennedy, C., Krosnick, J. A., Lee, D., Lavrakas, P. J., Link, M., Piekarski, L., Rao, K., Thomas, R. K., Zahs, D. 2010: 1-71
  • Using the American National Election Study surveys to test social psychological hypotheses Secondary Data Analysis: An Introduction for Psychologists Schneider, D., DeBell, M., Krosnick, J. A. edited by Trzesniewski, K., Donnellan, M. B., Lucas, R. E. 2010
  • Comparing questions with agree/disagree response options to questions with item-specific response options Survey Research Methods Saris, W., Revilla, M., Krosnick, J. A., Shaeffer, E. 2010; 4: 61-79
  • Operative and meta-psychological manifestations of attitude accessibility: Two different constructs, not two measures of the same construct The Psychology of Attitudes and Attitude Change Holbrook, A. L., Krosnick, J. A. edited by Forgas, J. P., Cooper, J., Crano, W. D. Florence, Kentucky: Psychology Press. 2010
  • Questionnaire design Handbook of survey research Krosnick, J. A., Presser, S. edited by Wright, J. D., Marsden, P. V. West Yorkshire, England: Emerald Group. 2010; Second
  • Optimizing survey questionnaire design in political science: Insights from psychology Oxford handbook of American elections and political behavior Pasek, J., Krosnick, J. A. edited by Leighley, J. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. 2010
  • Attitudes toward presidential candidates and political parties: Initial optimism, inertial first impressions, and a focus on flaws Political psychology Holbrook, A. L., Krosnick, J. A., Visser, P. S., Gardner, W. L., Cacioppo, J. T. edited by Lavine, H. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. 2010
  • Social Power and Attitude Strength Over the Life Course PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY BULLETIN Eaton, A. A., Visser, P. S., Krosnick, J. A., Anand, S. 2009; 35 (12): 1646-1660

    Abstract

    Past findings indicate that middle-aged adults in the United States tend to be more resistant to attitude change than younger and older adults, but little is known about why this is so. The authors propose that midlife adults' disproportionate occupation of high-power social roles (which call for resoluteness) may partly explain their heightened resistance to persuasion. Using nationally representative data sets, the article first documents that in various domains the possession of social power peaks in midlife. It next documents that middle-aged adults place a high value on resoluteness, which suggests that they have internalized powerful role norms. Next, it shows that directly activating the concept of social power increases the perceived value of resoluteness. Finally, it demonstrates that the possession of powerful social roles partially mediates the relationship between age and resistance to persuasion. This work is the first to uncover a mechanism responsible for changes in attitude strength over the adult life course.

    View details for DOI 10.1177/0146167209349114

    View details for Web of Science ID 000271621200008

    View details for PubMedID 19903975

  • Why Do White Americans Oppose Race-Targeted Policies? Clarifying the Impact of Symbolic Racism POLITICAL PSYCHOLOGY Rabinowitz, J. L., Sears, D. O., Sidanius, J., Krosnick, J. A. 2009; 30 (5): 805-828
  • Optimal Design of Branching Questions to Measure Bipolar Constructs PUBLIC OPINION QUARTERLY Malhotra, N., Krosnick, J. A., Thomas, R. K. 2009; 73 (2): 304-324

    View details for DOI 10.1093/poq/nfp023

    View details for Web of Science ID 000266968000004

  • The Association of Knowledge with Concern About Global Warming: Trusted Information Sources Shape Public Thinking RISK ANALYSIS Malka, A., Krosnick, J. A., Langer, G. 2009; 29 (5): 633-647

    Abstract

    During the last decade, a great deal of news media attention has focused on informing the American public about scientific findings on global warming (GW). Has learning this sort of information led the American public to become more concerned about GW? Using data from two surveys of nationally representative samples of American adults, this article shows that the relation between self-reported knowledge and concern about GW is more complex than what previous research has suggested. Among people who trust scientists to provide reliable information about the environment and among Democrats and Independents, increased knowledge has been associated with increased concern. But among people who are skeptical about scientists and among Republicans more knowledge was generally not associated with greater concern. The association of knowledge with concern among Democrats and Independents who trust scientists was mediated by perceptions of consensus among scientists about GW's existence and by perceptions that humans are a principal cause of GW. Moreover, additional analyses of panel survey data produced findings consistent with the notion that more knowledge yields more concern among Democrats and Independents, but not among Republicans. Thus, when studying the relation of knowledge and concern, it is important to take into account the content of the information that different types of people acquire and choose to rely upon.

    View details for DOI 10.1111/j.1539-6924.2009.01220.x

    View details for Web of Science ID 000264892100003

    View details for PubMedID 19302280

  • National Surveys Via Rdd Telephone Interviewing Versus the Internet PUBLIC OPINION QUARTERLY Chang, L., Krosnick, J. A. 2009; 73 (4): 641-678

    View details for DOI 10.1093/poq/nfp075

    View details for Web of Science ID 000272689000002

  • The psychological underpinnings of political behavior Handbook of social psychology Krosnick, J. A., Visser, P. S., Harder, J. edited by Fiske, S. T., Gilbert, D. T., Lindzey, G. New York, NY: John Wiley. 2009
  • State of the nation: Getting warmer Boston Review Krosnick, J. A., Malka, A., Yeager, D. S. 2009; 34 (6)
  • Altering the Foundations of Support for the President Through Priming Politisk psykologi-antologi Krosnick, J. A., Kinder, D. R. edited by Høgenhagen, T., Nielsen, S. W. Århus, Denmark: Aarhus University Press. 2009
  • DETERMINANTS OF TURNOUT AND CANDIDATE CHOICE IN THE 2008 US PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION ILLUMINATING THE IMPACT OF RACIAL PREJUDICE AND OTHER CONSIDERATIONS PUBLIC OPINION QUARTERLY Pasek, J., Tahk, A., Lelkes, Y., Krosnick, J. A., Payne, B. K., Akhtar, O., Tompson, T. 2009; 73 (5): 943-994

    View details for DOI 10.1093/poq/nfp079

    View details for Web of Science ID 000273828100006

  • Why do people vote? A psychological analysis of the causes of voter turnout JOURNAL OF SOCIAL ISSUES Harder, J., Krosnick, J. A. 2008; 64 (3): 525-549
  • Education moderates some response effects in attitude measurement Quantitative research in education Narayan, S., Krosnick, J. A. edited by Gorard, S. London, UK: Sage Publications. 2008
  • Altering the Foundations of Support for the President Through Priming Electoral Behaviour Krosnick, J. A., Kinder, D. R. edited by Arzheimer, K., Evans, J. London: Sage Publications. 2008
  • The causes and consequences of response rates in surveys by the news media and government contractor survey research firms Advances in telephone survey methodology Holbrook, A. L., Krosnick, J. A., Pfent, A. M. edited by Lepkowski, J. M., Tucker, C., Brick, J. M., De Leeuw, E. D., Japec, L., Lavrakas, P. J., Link, M. W., Sangster, R. L. New York: Wiley. 2008
  • An Evaluation of a Cognitive Theory of Response Order Effects in Survey Measurement Attitude Measurement Krosnick, J. A., Alwin, D. F. edited by Roberts, C., Jowell, R. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. 2008
  • Knowledge and attitudes Handbook of public opinion research Visser, P. S., Holbrook, A. L., Krosnick, J. A. edited by Donsbach, W., Traugott, M. W. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. 2008
  • The measurement of attitudes Attitude measurement Krosnick, J. A., Judd, C. M., Wittenbrink, B. edited by Roberts, C., Jowell, R. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. 2008
  • The impact of “no opinion” response options on data quality: Non-attitude reduction or an invitation to satisfice? Attitude measurement Krosnick, J. A., Holbrook, A. L., Berent, M. K., Carson, R. T., Hanemann, W. M., Kopp, R. J., Mitchell, R. C., Presser, S., Rnud, P. A., Smith, V. K., Moody, W. R., Green, M. C., Conaway, M. edited by Roberts, C., Jowell, R. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. 2008
  • Attitude Intensity, Importance and Certainty and Susceptibility to Response Effects Attitude Measurement Krosnick, J. A., Schuman, H. edited by Roberts, C., Jowell, R. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. 2008
  • The Causes and Consequences of Response Rates in Surveys by the News Media and Government Contractor Survey Research Firms 2nd International Conference on Telephone Survey Methodology Holbrook, A. L., Krosnick, J. A., Pfent, A. JOHN WILEY & SONS. 2008: 499–528
  • Selective exposure to campaign communication: The role of anticipated agreement and issue public membership JOURNAL OF POLITICS Iyengar, S., Hahn, K. S., Krosnick, J. A., Walker, J. 2008; 70 (1): 186-200
  • Response order effects in dichotomous categorical questions presented orally - The impact of question and respondent attributes PUBLIC OPINION QUARTERLY Holbrook, A. L., Krosnick, J. A., Moore, D., Tourangeau, R. 2007; 71 (3): 325-348

    View details for DOI 10.1093/poq/nfm024

    View details for Web of Science ID 000249823400001

  • The effect of survey mode and sampling on inferences about political attitudes and behavior: Comparing the 2000 and 2004 ANES to Internet surveys with nonprobability samples POLITICAL ANALYSIS Malhotra, N., Krosnick, J. A. 2007; 15 (3): 286-323

    View details for DOI 10.1093/pan/mpm003

    View details for Web of Science ID 000248544000005

  • Retrospective and prospective performance assessments during the 2004 election campaign: Tests of mediation and news media priming Conference on the Wartime Election of 2004 Malhotra, N., Krosnick, J. A. SPRINGER/PLENUM PUBLISHERS. 2007: 249–78
  • Procedures for updating classification systems: A study of biotechnology and the standard occupational classification system Journal of Official Statistics Malhotra, N., Krosnick, J. A. 2007; 23: 409-432
  • The effect of survey mode on inferences about political attitudes and behavior: Comparing the 2000 and 2004 ANES to internet surveys with non-probability samples Political Analysis Malhotra, N., Krosnick, J. A. 2007; 15: 286-323
  • Reconsidering the impact of behavior prediction questions on illegal drug use: The importance of using proper analytic methods in social psychology Social Influence Schneider, D., Tahk, A., Krosnick, J. A. 2007; 2: 178-196
  • Student reactions to being wrongly informed of failing a high-stakes test - The case of the Minnesota Basic Standards Test EDUCATIONAL POLICY Cornell, D. G., Krosnick, J. A., Chang, L. 2006; 20 (5): 718-751
  • The origins and consequences of democratic citizens' policy agendas: A study of popular concern about global warming Workshop on Global Warming - The Psychology of Long Term Risk Krosnick, J. A., Holbrook, A. L., Lowe, L., Visser, P. S. SPRINGER. 2006: 7–43
  • The effects of beliefs about the health consequences of cigarette smoking on smoking onset JOURNAL OF COMMUNICATION Krosnick, J. A., Chang, L., Sherman, S. J., Chassin, L., Presson, C. 2006; 56: S18-S37
  • Optimizing brief assessments in research on the psychology of aging: A pragmatic approach to survey and self-report measurement National Research Council, When I'm 64 Krosnick, J. A., Holbrook, A. L., Visser, P. S. edited by Carstensen, L. L., Hartnel, C. R. Washington DC: The National Academies Press. 2006
  • Attitude measurement: Techniques for measuring the unobservable Persuasion: Psychological insights and perspectives Fabrigar, L. R., Krosnick, J. A., MacDougall, B. L. edited by Green, M. C., Shavitt, S., Brock, T. C. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. 2006
  • The measurement of values in surveys: A comparison of ratings and rankings Measurement Alwin, D. F., Krosnick, J. A. edited by Bartholomew, D. Oxford, UK: The Bardwell Press. 2006
  • Exploring the latent structure of strength-related attitude attributes ADVANCES IN EXPERIMENTAL SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, VOL 38 Visser, P. S., Bizer, G. Y., Krosnick, J. A. 2006; 38: 1-67
  • Exploring the latent structure of strength-related attitude attributes Advances in Experimental Social Psychology Visser, P. S., Bizer, G. Y., Krosnick, J. A. edited by Zanna, M. New York, NY: Academic Press. 2006
  • Comparing the quality of data obtained by minimally balanced and fully balanced attitude questions PUBLIC OPINION QUARTERLY Shaeffer, E. M., Krosnick, J. A., Langer, G. E., Merkle, D. M. 2005; 69 (3): 417-428

    View details for DOI 10.1093/poq/nfi028

    View details for Web of Science ID 000231670700005

  • Attitude importance and the accumulation of attitude-relevant knowledge in memory JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY Holbrook, A. L., Berent, M. K., Krosnick, J. A., VISSER, P. S., Boninger, D. S. 2005; 88 (5): 749-769

    Abstract

    People who attach personal importance to an attitude are especially knowledgeable about the attitude object. This article tests an explanation for this relation: that importance causes the accumulation of knowledge by inspiring selective exposure to and selective elaboration of relevant information. Nine studies showed that (a) after watching televised debates between presidential candidates, viewers were better able to remember the statements made on policy issues on which they had more personally important attitudes; (b) importance motivated selective exposure and selective elaboration: Greater personal importance was associated with better memory for relevant information encountered under controlled laboratory conditions, and manipulations eliminating opportunities for selective exposure and selective elaboration eliminated the importance-memory accuracy relation; and (c) people do not use perceptions of their knowledge volume to infer how important an attitude is to them, but importance does cause knowledge accumulation.

    View details for DOI 10.1037/022-3514.88.5.749

    View details for Web of Science ID 000229109300003

    View details for PubMedID 15898873

  • Demographic predictors of media use among infants, toddlers, and preschoolers AMERICAN BEHAVIORAL SCIENTIST Anand, S., Krosnick, J. A. 2005; 48 (5): 539-561
  • Meta-psychological vs. operative measures of ambivalence: Differentiating the consequences of perceived intra-psychic conflict and real intra-psychic conflict Ambivalence and the structure of public opinion Holbrook, A. L., Krosnick, J. A. edited by Craig, S. C., Martinez, M. D. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan. 2005
  • The measurement of attitudes Handbook of attitudes and attitude change Krosnick, J. A., Judd, C. M., Wittenbrink, B. 2005
  • The measurement of attitudes Handbook of attitudes and attitude change Krosnick, J. A., Judd, C. M., Wittenbrink, B. edited by Albarracin, D., Johnson, B. T., Zanna, M. P. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum. 2005
  • The impact of personality on cognitive, behavioral, and affective political processes: The effects of need to evaluate JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY Bizer, G. Y., Krosnick, J. A., HOLBROOK, A. L., Wheeler, S. C., Rucker, D. D., Petty, R. E. 2004; 72 (5): 995-1027

    Abstract

    Need to evaluate (NE) is a personality trait that reflects a person's proclivity to create and hold attitudes; people high in NE are especially likely to form attitudes toward all sorts of objects. Using data from the 1998 National Election Survey Pilot and the 2000 National Election Survey, NE was shown to predict a variety of important attitude-relevant cognitive, behavioral, and affective political processes beyond simply holding attitudes: NE predicted how many evaluative beliefs about candidates a person held, the likelihood that a person would use party identification and issue stances to determine candidate preferences, the extent to which a person engaged in political activism, the likelihood that a person voted or intended to vote, the extent to which a person used the news media for gathering information, and the intensity of emotional reactions a person felt toward political candidates. Thus, NE appears to play a powerful role in shaping important political behavior, emotion, and cognition.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000223589300005

    View details for PubMedID 15335335

  • Threat as a motivator of political activism: A field experiment POLITICAL PSYCHOLOGY Miller, J. M., Krosnick, J. A. 2004; 25 (4): 507-523
  • Valuing oil spill prevention: A case study of California's central coast Carson, R. T., Conaway, M. B., Hanemann, W. M., Krosnick, J. A., Mitchell, R. C., Presser, S. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers. 2004
  • Importance, knowledge, and accessibility: Exploring the dimensionality of strength-related attitude properties Studies in public opinion: Gauging attitudes, nonattitudes, measurement error and change Bizer, G. Y., Visser, P. S., Berent, M. K., Krosnick, J. A. edited by Saris, W. E., Sniderman, P. M. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. 2004
  • Altering the Foundations of Support for the President Through Priming Political Psychology: Key Readings Krosnick, J. A., Kinder, D. R. edited by Jost, J. T., Sidanius, J. New York, NY: Psychology Press. 2004
  • Question Wording and Reports of Survey Results: The Case of Louis Harris and Aetna Life and Casualty Questionnaires Krosnick, J. A. edited by Bulmer, M. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. 2004
  • An unrecognized need for ballot reform: Effects of candidate name order Rethinking the vote: The politics and prospects of American election reform Krosnick, J. A., Miller, J. M., Tichy, M. P. edited by Crigler, A. N., Just, M. R., McCaffery, E. J. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. 2004
  • Proceedings of the Fifty-Eighth Annual Conference of the American Association for Public Opinion Research PUBLIC OPINION QUARTERLY Krosnick, J. A. 2003; 67 (3): 441-445
  • Psychosocial predictors of heavy television viewing among preadolescents and adolescents BASIC AND APPLIED SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY Krosnick, J. A., ANAND, S. N., Hartl, S. P. 2003; 25 (2): 87-110
  • Telephone versus face-to-face interviewing of national probability samples with long questionnaires - Comparisons of respondent satisficing and social desirability response bias PUBLIC OPINION QUARTERLY HOLBROOK, A. L., Green, M. C., Krosnick, J. A. 2003; 67 (1): 79-125
  • Distinguishing the cognitive and behavioral consequences of attitude importance and certainty: A new approach to testing the common-factor hypothesis JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY Visser, P. S., Krosnick, J. A., Simmons, J. P. 2003; 39 (2): 118-141
  • Introduction Survey research methodology, 1990-1999: An annotated bibliography Krosnick, J. A. edited by Walden, G. R. Westpoint, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. 2003
  • Measuring the frequency of regular behaviors: Comparing the "typical week" to the "past week" SOCIOLOGICAL METHODOLOGY, VOL 33 Chang, L. C., Krosnick, J. A. 2003; 33: 55-80
  • The impact of attitudes toward foreign policy goals on public preferences among presidential candidates: A study of issue publics and the attentive public in the 2000 U.S. Presidential election Presidential Studies Quarterly Anand, S., Krosnick, J. A. 2003; 33: 31-71
  • The impact of "no opinion" response options on data quality - Non-attitude reduction or an invitation to satisfice? PUBLIC OPINION QUARTERLY Krosnick, J. A., HOLBROOK, A. L., Berent, M. K., Carson, R. T., Hanemann, W. M., Kopp, R. J., Mitchell, R. C., Presser, S., RUUD, P. A., Smith, V. K., MOODY, W. R., Green, M. C., Conaway, M. 2002; 66 (3): 371-403
  • Context dependence and aggregation in disaggregate choice analysis 5th Triennial Symposium on Choice Modeling Swait, J., Adamowicz, W., Hanemann, M., Diederich, A., Krosnick, J., Layton, D., Provencher, W., SCHKADE, D., Tourangeau, R. SPRINGER. 2002: 195–205
  • Is political psychology sufficiently psychological? Distinguishing political psychology from psychological political science Thinking about political psychology Krosnick, J. A. edited by Kuklinski, J. New York: Cambridge University Press. 2002
  • Psychological political science vs. political psychology true to its name: A plea for balance Political psychology Krosnick, J. A., McGraw, K. M. edited by Monroe, K. R. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum. 2002
  • The causes of no-opinion responses to attitude measures in surveys: They are rarely what they appear to be Survey nonresponse Krosnick, J. A. edited by Groves, R. M., Dillman, D. A., Eltinge, J. L., Little, J. A. New York: Wiley. 2002
  • The challenges of political psychology: Lessons to be learned from research on attitude perception Thinking about political psychology Krosnick, J. A. edited by Kuklinski, J. New York: Cambridge University Press. 2002
  • Exploring the structure of strength-related attitude features: The relation between attitude importance and attitude accessibility JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY Bizer, G. Y., Krosnick, J. A. 2001; 81 (4): 566-586

    Abstract

    One of the most significant current controversies in the attitude literature involves the latent structure of attitude attributes related to their strength. Four studies were conducted to explore whether 2 strength-related attributes (importance and accessibility) are affected identically by various manipulations (which would suggest that they reflect a single latent construct) and whether the attributes cause one another (which would suggest they are distinct constructs). Three laboratory experiments and I survey study show that (a) repeated expression and personal relevance manipulations have different effects on importance and accessibility and (b) increased importance can cause heightened accessibility. Thus, these 2 attitude attributes appear to constitute related but independent constructs. These studies therefore help to illuminate the nature of attitude strength and the interplay of its sources.

    View details for DOI 10.1037//0022-3514.81.4.566

    View details for Web of Science ID 000171577400002

    View details for PubMedID 11642346

  • Attitudes toward presidential candidates and political parties: Initial optimism, inertial first impressions, and a focus on flaws AMERICAN JOURNAL OF POLITICAL SCIENCE Holbrook, A. L., Krosnick, J. A., Visser, P. S., Gardner, W. L., Cacioppo, J. T. 2001; 45 (4): 930-950
  • Comparing telephone and face-to-face interviewing in terms of data quality: The 1982 National Election Studies Method Comparison Project Health survey research methods Green, M. C., Krosnick, J. A. edited by O'Rourke, D. 2001
  • Optimizing survey measurement accuracy by matching question design to respondent memory organization Federal Committee on Statistical Methodology Research Conference, 2001 Silver, M. D., Krosnick, J. A. 2001
  • Violating conversational conventions disrupts cognitive processing of attitude questions JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY Holbrook, A. L., Krosnick, J. A. 2000; 36 (5): 465-494
  • The impact of the fall 1997 debate about global warming on American public opinion PUBLIC UNDERSTANDING OF SCIENCE Krosnick, J. A., HOLBROOK, A. L., VISSER, P. S. 2000; 9 (3): 239-260
  • News media impact on the ingredients of presidential evaluations: Politically knowledgeable citizens are guided by a trusted source AMERICAN JOURNAL OF POLITICAL SCIENCE Miller, J. M., Krosnick, J. A. 2000; 44 (2): 301-315
  • Do strength-related attitude properties determine susceptibility to response effects? New evidence from response latency, attitude extremity, and aggregate indices POLITICAL PSYCHOLOGY BASSILI, J. N., Krosnick, J. A. 2000; 21 (1): 107-132
  • Thinking about politics: Comparisons of experts and novices edited by Krosnick, J. A. Guilford Press. 2000
  • Political behavior of the individual Encyclopedia of psychology Holbrook, A. L., Bizer, G. Y., Krosnick, J. A. edited by Kazdin, A. E. Oxford University Press. 2000
  • Survey research Handbook of research methods in social psychology Visser, P. S., Krosnick, J. A., Lavrakas, P. edited by Reis, H. T., Judd, C. M. New York: Cambridge University Press. 2000
  • Improving election forecasting: Allocation of undecided respondents, identification of likely voters, and response order effects Election polls, the news media, and democracy Visser, P. S., Krosnick, J. A., Marquette, J., Curtin, M. edited by Lavrakas, P., Traugott, M. 2000
  • Maximizing questionnaire quality Measures of political attitudes Krosnick, J. A. edited by Robinson, J. P., Shaver, P. R., Wrightsman, L. S. New York: Academic Press. 1999
  • Survey research ANNUAL REVIEW OF PSYCHOLOGY Krosnick, J. A. 1999; 50: 537-567

    Abstract

    For the first time in decades, conventional wisdom about survey methodology is being challenged on many fronts. The insights gained can not only help psychologists do their research better but also provide useful insights into the basics of social interaction and cognition. This chapter reviews some of the many recent advances in the literature, including the following: New findings challenge a long-standing prejudice against studies with low response rates; innovative techniques for pretesting questionnaires offer opportunities for improving measurement validity; surprising effects of the verbal labels put on rating scale points have been identified, suggesting optimal approaches to scale labeling; respondents interpret questions on the basis of the norms of everyday conversation, so violations of those conventions introduce error; some measurement error thought to have been attributable to social desirability response bias now appears to be due to other factors instead, thus encouraging different approaches to fixing such problems; and a new theory of satisficing in questionnaire responding offers parsimonious explanations for a range of response patterns long recognized by psychologists and survey researchers but previously not well understood.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000078701400021

    View details for PubMedID 15012463

  • Development of attitude strength over the life cycle: Surge and decline JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY Visser, P. S., Krosnick, J. A. 1998; 75 (6): 1389-1410

    Abstract

    This article explores the relation of age to manifestations and antecedents of attitude strength. Three studies demonstrate that susceptibility to attitude change is greater during early and late adulthood than during middle adulthood. Three additional studies demonstrate that attitude importance, certainty, and perceived quantity of attitude-relevant knowledge are greater in middle adulthood than during early or late adulthood. These antecedents may therefore explain life cycle shifts in susceptibility to change. Susceptibility to change, importance, certainty, and perceived knowledge differ from one another in terms of their correlations with education, gender, and race, challenging the notion that attitude strength is a unitary construct. Evidence that people incorrectly believe that susceptibility to change declines steadily over the life course reinforces the distinction between operative and meta-attitudinal measures of attitude strength.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000077966600001

    View details for PubMedID 9914661

  • The impact of candidate name order on election outcomes PUBLIC OPINION QUARTERLY MILLER, J. M., Krosnick, J. A. 1998; 62 (3): 291-330
  • Referendum design and contingent valuation: The NOAA panel's no-vote recommendation REVIEW OF ECONOMICS AND STATISTICS Carson, R. T., Hanemann, W. M., Kopp, R. J., Krosnick, J. A., Mitchell, R. C., Presser, S., RUUD, P. A., Smith, V. K., Conaway, M., Martin, K. 1998; 80 (2): 335-338
  • American opinion on global warming: The impact of the Fall 1997 debate Resources Krosnick, J. A., Visser, P. S., Holbrook, A. L. 1998; 133: 5-9
  • Review of What Americans Know about Politics and Why It Matters The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science Krosnick, J. A. 1998; 559: 189-191
  • Temporal reliability of estimates from contingent valuation LAND ECONOMICS Carson, R. T., Hanemann, W. M., Kopp, R. J., Krosnick, J. A., Mitchell, R. C., Presser, S., RUUD, P. A., Smith, V. K., Conaway, M., Martin, K. 1997; 73 (2): 151-163
  • Public attitudes toward Israel: A study of the attentive and issue publics U.S.-Israeli relations at the crossroads (Israeli history, politics, and society) Krosnick, J. A., Telhami, S. edited by Sheffer, G. London: Frank Cass & Co., Ltd. 1997
  • Review of Thinking About Answers: The Application of Cognitive Processes to Survey Methodology Public Opinion Quarterly Krosnick, J. A. 1997; 61: 664-667
  • The anatomy of news media priming Do the media govern? Politicians, voters, and reporters in America Miller, J. M., Krosnick, J. A. edited by Iyengar, S., Reeves, R. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. 1997
  • Designing rating scales for effective measurement in surveys International Conference on Survey Measurement and Process Quality Krosnick, J. A., Fabrigar, L. R. JOHN WILEY & SONS INC. 1997: 141–164
  • Answering questions: Methodology for determining cognitive and communicative processes in survey research. (Book Review) PUBLIC OPINION QUARTERLY Book Review Authored by: Krosnick, J. A. 1997; 61 (4): 664-667
  • Mail surveys for election forecasting? An evaluation of the Columbus Dispatch poll PUBLIC OPINION QUARTERLY VISSER, P. S., Krosnick, J. A., MARQUETTE, J., Curtin, M. 1996; 60 (2): 181-227
  • Education moderates some response effects in attitude measurement PUBLIC OPINION QUARTERLY Narayan, S., Krosnick, J. A. 1996; 60 (1): 58-88
  • Public attitudes toward Israel: A study of the attentive and issue publics Israel Affairs Krosnick, J. A. 1996
  • Satisficing in surveys: Initial evidence Advances in survey research Krosnick, J. A., Narayan, S. S., Smith, W. R. edited by Braverman, M. T., Slater, J. K. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. 1996: 29–44
  • Introduction to survey research, polling, and data analysis Weisberg, H., Krosnick, J. A., Bowen, B. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.. 1996
  • News media impact on the ingredients of presidential evaluations: A program of research on the priming hypothesis Political persuasion and attitude change Miller, J. M., Krosnick, J. A. edited by Mutz, D., Sniderman, P. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press. 1996
  • PUBLIC-ATTITUDES TOWARD ISRAEL - A STUDY OF THE ATTENTIVE AND ISSUE PUBLICS INTERNATIONAL STUDIES QUARTERLY Krosnick, J., Telhami, S. 1995; 39 (4): 535-554
  • ATTITUDE IMPORTANCE AND THE FALSE CONSENSUS EFFECT PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY BULLETIN Fabrigar, L. R., Krosnick, J. A. 1995; 21 (5): 468-479
  • Attitude strength: Antecedents and consequences edited by Petty, R. E., Krosnick, J. A. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. 1995
  • Attitude measurement and questionnaire design Blackwell encyclopedia of social psychology Fabrigar, L. R., Krosnick, J. A. edited by Manstead, A. R., Hewstone, M. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers. 1995
  • Attitude strength: An overview Attitude strength: Antecedents and consequences Krosnick, J. A., Petty, R. E. edited by Petty, R. E., Krosnick, J. A. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. 1995
  • The relation between political attitude importance and knowledge structure Political judgment: Structure and process Berent, M. K., Krosnick, J. A. edited by Lodge, M., McGraw, K. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press. 1995
  • Voting behavior Blackwell encyclopedia of social psychology Fabrigar, L. R., Krosnick, J. A. edited by Manstead, A. R., Hewstone, M. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers. 1995
  • The causes and consequences of attitude importance Attitude strength: Antecedents and consequences Boninger, D. S., Krosnick, J. A., Berent, M. K., Fabrigar, L. R. edited by Petty, R. E., Krosnick, J. A. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. 1995
  • Measures and manipulations of strength-related properties of attitudes: Current practice and future directions Attitude strength: Antecedents and consequences Wegener, D. T., Downing, J., Krosnick, J. A., Petty, R. E. edited by Petty, R. E., Krosnick, J. A. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. 1995
  • Social group polarization in 1992 Democracy's feast: Elections in America Weisberg, H. F., Haynes, A. A., Krosnick, J. A. edited by Weisberg, H. F. 1995
  • ORIGINS OF ATTITUDE IMPORTANCE - SELF-INTEREST, SOCIAL IDENTIFICATION, AND VALUE RELEVANCE JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY Boninger, D. S., Berent, M. K., Krosnick, J. A. 1995; 68 (1): 61-80

    Abstract

    Five studies examined the relations between attitude importance and 3 of its hypothesized determinants: self-interest, social identification with reference groups or reference individuals, and cherished values. Verbal protocols, multivariate analysis of survey data, and laboratory experimentation revealed that (1) people's theories of the causes of attitude importance pointed to all 3 hypothesized predictors, (2) the 3 predictors each had significant, unique statistical associations with importance, and (3) a manipulation of self-interest yielded a corresponding change in importance. These results help clarify the nature and origins of attitude importance, challenge the widely believed claim that self-interest has little or no impact on political cognition, and identify new likely consequences of social identification processes and values.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1995PZ70500005

    View details for PubMedID 7861315

  • POCKETS OF RESPONSIBILITY IN THE AMERICAN ELECTORATE - FINDINGS OF A RESEARCH-PROGRAM ON ATTITUDE IMPORTANCE POLITICAL COMMUNICATION Krosnick, J. A., Berent, M. K., Boninger, D. S. 1994; 11 (4): 391-411
  • RATIONALIZATION AND DERIVATION PROCESSES IN SURVEY STUDIES OF POLITICAL CANDIDATE EVALUATION Annual Conference of the American-Association-for-Public-Opinion-Research Rahn, W. M., Krosnick, J. A., Breuning, M. BLACKWELL PUBLISHING. 1994: 582–600
  • Attitude scales: How we measure the unmeasurable Persuasion: Psychological insights and perspectives Ostrom, T. M., Bond, C., Krosnick, J. A., Sedikides, C. edited by Shavitt, S., Brock, T. C. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon. 1994
  • Attitude strength Encyclopedia of human behavior Krosnick, J. A., Smith, W. A. edited by Ramachandran, V. S. San Diego, CA: Academic Press. 1994
  • A new introduction to survey methods: Review of Questionnaire Design, Interviewing and Attitude Measurement Contemporary Psychology Krosnick, J. A. 1994; 39: 221-222
  • THE IMPACT OF THE GULF-WAR ON THE INGREDIENTS OF PRESIDENTIAL EVALUATIONS - MULTIDIMENSIONAL EFFECTS OF POLITICAL INVOLVEMENT AMERICAN POLITICAL SCIENCE REVIEW Krosnick, J. A., Brannon, L. A. 1993; 87 (4): 963-975
  • ATTITUDE STRENGTH - ONE CONSTRUCT OR MANY RELATED CONSTRUCTS JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY Krosnick, J. A., Boninger, D. S., Chuang, Y. C., Berent, M. K., CARNOT, C. G. 1993; 65 (6): 1132-1151
  • COMPARISONS OF PARTY IDENTIFICATION AND POLICY PREFERENCES - THE IMPACT OF SURVEY QUESTION FORMAT AMERICAN JOURNAL OF POLITICAL SCIENCE Krosnick, J. A., Berent, M. K. 1993; 37 (3): 941-964
  • REPORT ON THE 1991 OHIO-STATE-UNIVERSITY SUMMER INSTITUTE IN POLITICAL PSYCHOLOGY POLITICAL PSYCHOLOGY Krosnick, J. A., HERMANN, M. G. 1993; 14 (2): 363-373
  • THE MEDIA AND THE FOUNDATIONS OF PRESIDENTIAL SUPPORT - BUSH,GEORGE AND THE PERSIAN-GULF CONFLICT American-Association-for-Public-Opinion-Research Annual Meeting Krosnick, J. A., Brannon, L. A. PLENUM PUBL CORP. 1993: 167–82
  • Review of Measurement Errors in Surveys Public Opinion Quarterly Krosnick, J. A. 1993; 57: 277-280
  • The media and the foundations of Presidential support: George Bush and the Persian Gulf conflict Journal of Social Issues Krosnick, J. A., Brannon, L. A. 1993; 49: 167-182
  • THE FOCUS OF JUDGMENT EFFECT - A QUESTION WORDING EFFECT DUE TO HYPOTHESIS CONFIRMATION BIAS PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY BULLETIN Lehman, D. R., Krosnick, J. A., West, R. L., Li, F. 1992; 18 (6): 690-699
  • SUBLIMINAL CONDITIONING OF ATTITUDES PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY BULLETIN Krosnick, J. A., Betz, A. L., JUSSIM, L. J., LYNN, A. R. 1992; 18 (2): 152-162
  • The impact of question order on cognitive effort in survey responding Proceedings of the Sixth National Conference on Undergraduate Research Smith, W. R., Culpepper, I. J., Krosnick, J. A. 1992
  • The case for measuring attitude strength in surveys Questions about questions: Inquiries into the cognitive bases of surveys Krosnick, J. A., Abelson, R. P. edited by Tanur, J. New York: Russell Sage. 1992: 177–203
  • The impact of cognitive sophistication and attitude importance on response order effects and question order effects Order effects in social and psychological research Krosnick, J. A. edited by Schwarz, N., Sudman, S. New York: Springer-Verlag. 1992: 203–218
  • THE STABILITY OF POLITICAL PREFERENCES - COMPARISONS OF SYMBOLIC AND NONSYMBOLIC ATTITUDES AMERICAN JOURNAL OF POLITICAL SCIENCE Krosnick, J. A. 1991; 35 (3): 547-576
  • THE RELIABILITY OF SURVEY ATTITUDE MEASUREMENT - THE INFLUENCE OF QUESTION AND RESPONDENT ATTRIBUTES SOCIOLOGICAL METHODS & RESEARCH Alwin, D. F., Krosnick, J. A. 1991; 20 (1): 139-181
  • AGING, COHORTS, AND THE STABILITY OF SOCIOPOLITICAL ORIENTATIONS OVER THE LIFE-SPAN AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY Alwin, D. F., Krosnick, J. A. 1991; 97 (1): 169-195
  • RESPONSE STRATEGIES FOR COPING WITH THE COGNITIVE DEMANDS OF ATTITUDE MEASURES IN SURVEYS APPLIED COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY Krosnick, J. A. 1991; 5 (3): 213-236
  • SOME DYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF ATTITUDE STRUCTURES - CONTEXT-INDUCED RESPONSE FACILITATION AND POLARIZATION JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY JUDD, C. M., Downing, J. W., Drake, R. A., Krosnick, J. A. 1991; 60 (2): 193-202
  • CONVERSATIONAL CONVENTIONS, ORDER OF INFORMATION ACQUISITION, AND THE EFFECT OF BASE RATES AND INDIVIDUATING INFORMATION ON SOCIAL JUDGMENTS JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY Krosnick, J. A., Fan, L., Lehman, D. R. 1990; 59 (6): 1140-1152
  • AMERICANS PERCEPTIONS OF PRESIDENTIAL-CANDIDATES - A TEST OF THE PROJECTION HYPOTHESIS JOURNAL OF SOCIAL ISSUES Krosnick, J. A. 1990; 46 (2): 159-182
  • ALTERING THE FOUNDATIONS OF SUPPORT FOR THE PRESIDENT THROUGH PRIMING AMERICAN POLITICAL SCIENCE REVIEW Krosnick, J. A., KINDER, D. R. 1990; 84 (2): 497-512
  • LESSONS LEARNED - A REVIEW AND INTEGRATION OF OUR FINDINGS SOCIAL COGNITION Krosnick, J. A. 1990; 8 (1): 154-158
  • PSYCHOLOGICAL DETERMINANTS OF POLITICAL OPINIONATION SOCIAL COGNITION Krosnick, J. A., MILBURN, M. A. 1990; 8 (1): 49-72
  • EXPERTISE AND POLITICAL PSYCHOLOGY SOCIAL COGNITION Krosnick, J. A. 1990; 8 (1): 1-8
  • The uses and abuses of public opinion polls: The case of Louis Harris and Associates Chronicles Krosnick, J. A. 1990; 14: 47-49
  • Self-monitoring and self-protective biases in the use of consensus information to predict one's own behavior Journal of Personality and Social Psychology Krosnick, J. A., Sedikides, C. 1990; 58: 718-728
  • Government policy and citizen passion: A study of issue publics in contemporary America Political Behavior Krosnick, J. A. 1990; 12: 59-92
  • The impact of satisficing on survey data quality Proceedings of the Bureau of the Census 1990 Annual Research Conference Krosnick, J. A. 1990: 835–845
  • Lessons learned: A review and integration of our findings Thinking about politics: Comparisons of experts and novices edited by Krosnick, J. New York: Guilford. 1990: 154–158
  • Psychological determinants of political opinionation Thinking about politics: Comparisons of experts and novices Krosnick, J. A., Milburn, M. A. edited by Krosnick, J. A. New York: Guilford. 1990: 49–72
  • Expertise in political psychology Thinking about politics: Comparisons of experts and novices Krosnick, J. A. edited by Krosnick, J. A. New York: Guilford Press. 1990
  • ATTITUDE IMPORTANCE AND ATTITUDE ACCESSIBILITY PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY BULLETIN Krosnick, J. A. 1989; 15 (3): 297-308
  • AGING AND SUSCEPTIBILITY TO ATTITUDE-CHANGE JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY Krosnick, J. A., Alwin, D. F. 1989; 57 (3): 416-425

    Abstract

    Two hypotheses about the relation between age and susceptibility to attitude change were tested. The impressionable years hypothesis proposes that individuals are highly susceptible to attitude change during late adolescence and early adulthood and that susceptibility drops precipitously immediately thereafter and remains low throughout the rest of the life cycle. The increasing persistence hypothesis proposes that people become gradually more resistant to change throughout their lives. Structural equation models were applied to data from the 1956-1960, 1972-1976, and 1980 National Election Panel Studies in order to estimate the stability of political attitudes and unreliability in measures of them. The results support the impressionable years hypothesis and disconfirm the increasing persistence hypothesis. A decrease in the over-time consistency of attitude reports among 66- to 83-year-olds was found to be due to increased random measurement error in their reports, not to increased attitude change.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1989AM84900005

    View details for PubMedID 2778632

  • QUESTION WORDING AND REPORTS OF SURVEY RESULTS - THE CASE OF LOUIS-HARRIS-AND-ASSOCIATES AND AETNA-LIFE-AND-CASUALTY - REVIEW PUBLIC OPINION QUARTERLY Krosnick, J. A. 1989; 53 (1): 107-113
  • Introduction to survey research and data analysis Weisberg, H., Krosnick, J. A., Bowen, B. Chicago: Scott, Foresman. 1989
  • The structural bases of consistency among political attitudes: The effects of political expertise and attitude importance Attitude Structure and Function Judd, C. M., Krosnick, J. A. edited by Pratkanis, A. R., Breckler, S. J., Greenwald, A. G. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. 1989
  • The measurement of values in surveys: A comparison of ratings and rankings Survey Research Methods: A Reader Alwin, D. F., Krosnick, J. A. edited by Singer, E., Presser, S. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 1989
  • THE ROLE OF ATTITUDE IMPORTANCE IN SOCIAL EVALUATION - A STUDY OF POLICY PREFERENCES, PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE EVALUATIONS, AND VOTING-BEHAVIOR JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY Krosnick, J. A. 1988; 55 (2): 196-210

    Abstract

    According to a number of social psychological theories, attitudes toward government policies that people consider important should have substantial impact on presidential candidate preferences, and unimportant attitudes should have relatively little impact. Surprisingly, the accumulated evidence evaluating this hypothesis offers little support for it. This article reexamines the hypothesis, applying more appropriate analysis methods to data collected during the 1968, 1980, and 1984 American presidential election campaigns. The impact of policy attitudes on candidate preferences was indeed found to depend on the importance of those attitudes, just as theory suggests. The analysis also documented two mechanisms of this increased impact: People for whom a policy attitude is important perceive larger differences between competing candidates' attitudes, and important attitudes appear to be more accessible in memory than unimportant ones.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1988P577700004

    View details for PubMedID 3171904

  • ATTITUDE INTENSITY, IMPORTANCE, AND CERTAINTY AND SUSCEPTIBILITY TO RESPONSE EFFECTS JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY Krosnick, J. A., Schuman, H. 1988; 54 (6): 940-952
  • ATTITUDE IMPORTANCE AND ATTITUDE-CHANGE JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY Krosnick, J. A. 1988; 24 (3): 240-255
  • Review of The Choice Questionnaire Public Opinion Quarterly Krosnick, J. A. 1988; 52: 408-411
  • A TEST OF THE FORM-RESISTANT CORRELATION HYPOTHESIS - RATINGS, RANKINGS, AND THE MEASUREMENT OF VALUES PUBLIC OPINION QUARTERLY Krosnick, J. A., Alwin, D. F. 1988; 52 (4): 526-538
  • The evening news and presidential evaluation Readings in social psychology: Classic and contemporary contributions Iyengar, S., Kinder, D. R., Peters, M. D., Krosnick, J. A. edited by Peplau, L. A., Sears, D. O., Taylor, S. E., Freedman, J. L. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall. 1988
  • AN EVALUATION OF A COGNITIVE THEORY OF RESPONSE-ORDER EFFECTS IN SURVEY MEASUREMENT PUBLIC OPINION QUARTERLY Krosnick, J. A., Alwin, D. F. 1987; 51 (2): 201-219
  • Review of Political Cognition: The 19th Annual Carnegie Symposium on Cognition American Political Science Review Krosnick, J. A. 1987; 81: 266-268
  • THE PERCEIVED THREAT OF NUCLEAR-WAR, SALIENCE, AND OPEN QUESTIONS PUBLIC OPINION QUARTERLY Schuman, H., Ludwig, J., Krosnick, J. A. 1986; 50 (4): 519-536
  • THE MEASUREMENT OF VALUES IN SURVEYS - A COMPARISON OF RATINGS AND RANKINGS PUBLIC OPINION QUARTERLY Alwin, D. F., Krosnick, J. A. 1985; 49 (4): 535-552
  • THE EVENING NEWS AND PRESIDENTIAL EVALUATIONS JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY Iyengar, S., Peters, M. D., KINDER, D. R., Krosnick, J. A. 1984; 46 (4): 778-787
  • CAUSES OF ADOLESCENT CIGARETTE-SMOKING - TESTS OF A STRUCTURAL EQUATION MODEL SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY QUARTERLY McAlister, A. L., Krosnick, J. A., MILBURN, M. A. 1984; 47 (1): 24-36

    View details for Web of Science ID A1984SK99200003

    View details for PubMedID 6719148

  • JUDGING THE POSITIONS OF POLITICAL CANDIDATES - MODELS OF ASSIMILATION AND CONTRAST JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY JUDD, C. M., Kenny, D. A., Krosnick, J. A. 1983; 44 (5): 952-963
  • Teaching percussion: Growing with your students National Association of College Wind and Percussion Instructors Journal Krosnick, J. A. 1982: 4-7
  • TRANSITIONS IN SOCIAL-INFLUENCE AT ADOLESCENCE - WHO INDUCES CIGARETTE-SMOKING DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY Krosnick, J. A., JUDD, C. M. 1982; 18 (3): 359-368
  • ATTITUDE CENTRALITY, ORGANIZATION, AND MEASUREMENT JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY JUDD, C. M., Krosnick, J. A. 1982; 42 (3): 436-447
  • POLITICAL INVOLVEMENT AND ATTITUDE STRUCTURE IN THE GENERAL PUBLIC AMERICAN SOCIOLOGICAL REVIEW JUDD, C. M., Krosnick, J. A., MILBURN, M. A. 1981; 46 (5): 660-669
  • One approach to the analysis of drumset playing Percussive Notes Krosnick, J. A. 1978: 143-149