Bio


See my personal website.

Academic Appointments


Administrative Appointments


  • Editor, Economic Development and Cultural Change (2013 - Present)

Boards, Advisory Committees, Professional Organizations


  • Research Associate, NBER (2014 - Present)
  • Research Fellow, IZA (2014 - Present)
  • Senior Fellow, BREAD (2013 - Present)
  • Research Fellow, CEPR (2007 - Present)
  • Affiliate, CEGA (2014 - Present)

Current Research and Scholarly Interests


See my personal website for all my recent working papers.

2017-18 Courses


All Publications


  • Keep up with the winners: Experimental evidence on risk taking, asset integration, and peer effects EUROPEAN ECONOMIC REVIEW Fafchamps, M., Kebede, B., Zizzo, D. J. 2015; 79: 59-79
  • The Formation of Community-Based Organizations: An Analysis of a Quasi-Experiment in Zimbabwe WORLD DEVELOPMENT Barr, A., Dekker, M., Fafchamps, M. 2015; 66: 131-153
  • Mobile Phone Coverage and Producer Markets: Evidence from West Africa WORLD BANK ECONOMIC REVIEW Aker, J. C., Fafchamps, M. 2015; 29 (2): 262-292
  • SOCIAL NETWORKS AND RESEARCH OUTPUT REVIEW OF ECONOMICS AND STATISTICS Ductor, L., Fafchamps, M., Goyal, S., van der Leij, M. J. 2014; 96 (5): 936-948
  • Education and Household Welfare ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND CULTURAL CHANGE Fafchamps, M., Shilpi, F. 2014; 63 (1): 73-115

    View details for DOI 10.1086/677805

    View details for Web of Science ID 000342280300003

  • Microenterprise growth and the flypaper effect: Evidence from a randomized experiment in Ghana JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS Fafchamps, M., McKenzie, D., Quinn, S., Woodruff, C. 2014; 106: 211-226
  • Local financial development and firm performance: Evidence from Morocco JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS Fafchamps, M., Schuendeln, M. 2013; 103: 15-28
  • Determinants of the Choice of Migration Destination OXFORD BULLETIN OF ECONOMICS AND STATISTICS Fafchamps, M., Shilpi, F. 2013; 75 (3): 388-409
  • Political violence and social networks: Experimental evidence from a Nigerian election JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS Fafchamps, M., Vicente, P. C. 2013; 101: 27-48
  • Bridging the Gender Divide: An Experimental Analysis of Group Formation in African Villages WORLD DEVELOPMENT Barr, A., Dekker, M., Fafchamps, M. 2012; 40 (10): 2063-2077
  • Reprint of development, agglomeration, and the organization of work REGIONAL SCIENCE AND URBAN ECONOMICS Fafchamps, M. 2012; 42 (5): 765-778
  • Matching in community-based organizations JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS Arcand, J., Fafchamps, M. 2012; 98 (2): 203-219
  • Self-Help Groups and Mutual Assistance: Evidence from Urban Kenya ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND CULTURAL CHANGE Fafchamps, M., La Ferrara, E. 2012; 60 (4): 707-733
  • Who Shares Risk with Whom under Different Enforcement Mechanisms? ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND CULTURAL CHANGE Barr, A., Dekker, M., Fafchamps, M. 2012; 60 (4): 677-706
  • Development, agglomeration, and the organization of work REGIONAL SCIENCE AND URBAN ECONOMICS Fafchamps, M. 2012; 42 (3): 459-472
  • Using PDA consistency checks to increase the precision of profits and sales measurement in panels Conference on Survey Design and Measurement in Development Economics Fafchamps, M., McKenzie, D., Quinn, S., Woodruff, C. ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV. 2012: 51–57
  • Impact of SMS-Based Agricultural Information on Indian Farmers WORLD BANK ECONOMIC REVIEW Fafchamps, M., Minten, B. 2012; 26 (3): 383-414
  • Development, social norms, and assignment to task PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Fafchamps, M. 2011; 108: 21308-21315

    Abstract

    Economic development involves a structural transformation in the way people are allocated to tasks. There is a shift from self-provision to market exchange, facilitating specialization. There is also a shift from self-employment to wage employment in large firms and organizations, driven by innovation and increasing returns to scale. Changes in allocation mechanisms require changes in norms and attitudes. Because different labor assignment domains coexist, conflicts arise among norms that apply to different domains, possibly resulting in dysfunctional outcomes. I argue that religion, humanism, and schools have all played an important historical role in fostering the changes in social norms and attitudes that are needed to accompany structural changes in the way economies allocate workers to tasks.

    View details for DOI 10.1073/pnas.1019457108

    View details for Web of Science ID 000298474700006

    View details for PubMedID 22198757

  • Randomised Controlled Trials or Structural Models (or Both ... or Neither ... )? JOURNAL OF AFRICAN ECONOMIES Fafchamps, M. 2011; 20 (4): 596-599

    View details for DOI 10.1093/jae/ejr032

    View details for Web of Science ID 000293622000003

  • Social Identity and the Formation of Health Insurance Networks JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES De Weerdt, J., Fafchamps, M. 2011; 47 (8): 1152-1177
  • Taboos, Agriculture and Poverty JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES Stifel, D., Fafchamps, M., Minten, B. 2011; 47 (10): 1455-1481
  • MATCHING AND NETWORK EFFECTS JOURNAL OF THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION Fafchamps, M., Goyal, S., van der Leij, M. J. 2010; 8 (1): 203-231
  • Wage Gaps and Job Sorting in African Manufacturing JOURNAL OF AFRICAN ECONOMIES Fafchamps, M., Soderbom, M., Benhassine, N. 2009; 18 (5): 824-868

    View details for DOI 10.1093/jae/ejp005

    View details for Web of Science ID 000271385400004

  • Human Capital, Exports, and Earnings ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND CULTURAL CHANGE Fafchamps, M. 2009; 58 (1): 111-141
  • Intrahousehold Welfare in Rural Ethiopia OXFORD BULLETIN OF ECONOMICS AND STATISTICS Fafchamps, M., Kebede, B., Quisumbing, A. R. 2009; 71 (4): 567-599
  • Insecurity and Welfare: Evidence from County Data JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES Fafchamps, M., Minten, B. 2009; 45 (6): 831-863
  • Isolation and Subjective Welfare: Evidence from South Asia ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND CULTURAL CHANGE Fafchamps, M., Shilpi, F. 2009; 57 (4): 641-683
  • The Determinants of Funding to Ugandan Nongovernmental Organizations WORLD BANK ECONOMIC REVIEW Fafchamps, M., Owens, T. 2009; 23 (2): 295-321
  • Price transmission and trader entry in domestic commodity markets ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND CULTURAL CHANGE Fafchamps, M., Hill, R. V. 2008; 56 (4): 729-766
  • Quality control in nonstaple food markets: evidence from India AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS Fafchamps, M., Hill, R. V., Minten, B. 2008; 38 (3): 251-266
  • Subjective welfare, isolation, and relative consumption JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS Fafchamps, M., Shilpi, F. 2008; 86 (1): 43-60
  • Learning to export: Evidence from Moroccan manufacturing JOURNAL OF AFRICAN ECONOMIES Fafchamps, M., El Hamine, S., Zeufack, A. 2008; 17 (2): 305-355

    View details for DOI 10.1093/jae/ejm008

    View details for Web of Science ID 000253747300005

  • The formation of risk sharing networks Pew Conference on Social Dynamics and the Microeconomics of Poverty Fafchamps, M., Gubert, F. ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV. 2007: 326–50
  • Contingent loan repayment in the Philippines ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND CULTURAL CHANGE Fafchamps, M., Gubert, F. 2007; 55 (4): 633-667
  • Public service provision, user fees and political turmoil JOURNAL OF AFRICAN ECONOMIES Fafchamps, M., Minten, B. 2007; 16 (3): 485-518

    View details for DOI 10.1093/jae/ejl040

    View details for Web of Science ID 000247529900005

  • Risk sharing and network formation 119th Annual Meeting of the American-Economic-Association Fafchamps, M., Gubert, F. AMER ECONOMIC ASSOC. 2007: 75–79
  • Development and social capital JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES Fafchamps, M. 2006; 42 (7): 1180-1198
  • Employment concentration across US counties REGIONAL SCIENCE AND URBAN ECONOMICS Desmet, K., Fafchamps, M. 2006; 36 (4): 482-509
  • Land lease markets and agricultural efficiency in Ethiopia JOURNAL OF AFRICAN ECONOMIES Pender, J., Fafchamps, M. 2006; 15 (2): 251-284

    View details for DOI 10.1093/jae/eji024

    View details for Web of Science ID 000238816500003

  • A client-community assessment of the NGO sector in Uganda JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES Barr, A., Fafchamps, M. 2006; 42 (4): 611-639
  • Crime, transitory poverty, and isolation: Evidence from Madagascar ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND CULTURAL CHANGE Fafchamps, M., Minten, B. 2006; 54 (3): 579-603
  • Child labor, urban proximity, and household composition Conference held in Honor of Pramab Bardhan Fafchamps, M., Wahba, J. ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV. 2006: 374–97
  • Increasing returns and market efficiency in agricultural trade JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS Fafchamps, M., Gabre-Madhin, E., Minten, B. 2005; 78 (2): 406-442
  • Selling at the farmgate or traveling to market AMERICAN JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS Fafchamps, M., Hill, R. V. 2005; 87 (3): 717-734
  • Assets at marriage in rural Ethiopia JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS Fafchamps, M., Quisumbing, A. 2005; 77 (1): 1-25
  • Cities and specialisation: Evidence from South Asia ECONOMIC JOURNAL Fafchamps, M., Shilpi, F. 2005; 115 (503): 477-504
  • The governance of non-governmental organizations in Uganda WORLD DEVELOPMENT Barr, A., Fafchamps, M., OWENS, T. 2005; 33 (4): 657-679
  • Marriage, bequest, and assortative matching in rural Ethiopia ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND CULTURAL CHANGE Fafchamps, M., Quisumbing, A. R. 2005; 53 (2): 347-380
  • Do African manufacturing firms learn from exporting? JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES Bigsten, A., Collier, P., Dercon, S., Fafchamps, M., Gauthier, B., Gunning, J. W., Oduro, A., Oostendorp, R., Pattillo, C., Soderbom, M., Teal, F., Zeufack, A. 2004; 40 (3): 115-141
  • Crime, isolation and law enforcement JOURNAL OF AFRICAN ECONOMIES Fafchamps, M., Moser, C. 2003; 12 (4): 625-671
  • The spatial division of labour in Nepal JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES Fafchamps, M., Shilpi, F. 2003; 39 (6): 23-66
  • Risk-sharing networks in rural Philippines JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS Fafchamps, M., Lund, S. 2003; 71 (2): 261-287
  • Credit constraints in manufacturing enterprises in Africa JOURNAL OF AFRICAN ECONOMIES Bigsten, A., Collier, P., Dercon, S., Fafchamps, M., Gauthier, B., Gunning, J. W., Oduro, A., Oostendorp, R., Patillo, C., Soderbom, M., Teal, F., Zeufack, A. 2003; 12 (1): 104-125
  • Social roles, human capital, and the intrahousehold division of labor: evidence from Pakistan OXFORD ECONOMIC PAPERS-NEW SERIES Fafchamps, M., Quisumbing, A. R. 2003; 55 (1): 36-80
  • Risk sharing in labor markets WORLD BANK ECONOMIC REVIEW Bigsten, A., Collier, P., Dercon, S., Fafchamps, M., Gauthier, B., Gunning, J. W., Oduro, A., Oostendorp, R., Pattillo, C., Soderbom, M., Teal, F., Zeufack, A. 2003; 17 (3): 349-366
  • Control and ownership of assets within rural Ethiopian households JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES Fafchamps, M., Quisumbing, A. R. 2002; 38 (6): 47-82
  • Returns to social network capital among traders OXFORD ECONOMIC PAPERS-NEW SERIES Fafchamps, M., Minten, B. 2002; 54 (2): 173-206
  • Insurance market efficiency and crop choices in Pakistan JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS Kurosaki, T., Fafchamps, M. 2002; 67 (2): 419-453
  • Networks, communities and markets in sub-saharan Africa: Implications for firm growth and investment JOURNAL OF AFRICAN ECONOMIES Fafchamps, M. 2001; 10: 109-142
  • Social capital and agricultural trade ASSA Winter Meeting Fafchamps, M., Minten, B. OXFORD UNIV PRESS INC. 2001: 680–85
  • Exporting and efficiency in African manufacturing International Conference on Emerging Africa Bigsten, A., Collier, P., Dercon, S., Fafchamps, M., Gauthier, B., Gunning, J. W., Habarurema, J., Oduro, A., Oostendorp, R., Pattillo, C., Soderbom, M., Teal, F., Zeufack, A. ORGANIZATION ECONOMIC COOPERATION & DEVELOPMENT. 2001: 111–121
  • Property rights in a flea market economy ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND CULTURAL CHANGE Fafchamps, M., MINTEN, F. 2001; 49 (2): 229-267
  • Inventories and risk in African manufacturing ECONOMIC JOURNAL Fafchamps, M., Gunning, J. W., Oostendorp, R. 2000; 110 (466): 861-893
  • Rates of return on physical and human capital in Africa's manufacturing sector ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND CULTURAL CHANGE Bigsten, A., Isaksson, A., Soderbom, M., Collier, P., Zeufack, A., Dercon, S., Fafchamps, M., Gunning, J. W., Teal, F., Appleton, S., Gauthier, B., Oduro, A., Oostendorp, R., Pattillo, C. 2000; 48 (4): 801-827
  • Contract flexibility and dispute resolution in African manufacturing JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES Bigsten, A., Collier, P., Dercon, S., Fafchamps, M., Gauthier, B., Gunning, J. W., Oduro, A., Oostendorp, R., Patillo, C., Soderbom, M., Teal, F., Zeufack, A. 2000; 36 (4): 1-37
  • Ethnicity and credit in African manufacturing JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS Fafchamps, M. 2000; 61 (1): 205-235
  • Relationships and traders in Madagascar JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES Fafchamps, M., Minten, B. 1999; 35 (6): 1-35
  • Human capital, productivity, and labor allocation in rural Pakistan JOURNAL OF HUMAN RESOURCES Fafchamps, M., Quisumbing, A. R. 1999; 34 (2): 369-406
  • Social heterogeneity and wasteful lobbying PUBLIC CHOICE Fafchamps, M., de Janvry, A., Sadoulet, E. 1999; 98 (1-2): 5-27
  • The tragedy of the commons, livestock cycles and sustainability JOURNAL OF AFRICAN ECONOMIES Fafchamps, M. 1998; 7 (3): 384-423
  • Drought and saving in West Africa: are livestock a buffer stock? JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS Fafchamps, M., Udry, C., Czukas, K. 1998; 55 (2): 273-305
  • Mobile capital, local externalities, and industrialization JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE ECONOMICS Fafchamps, M. 1997; 25 (3): 345-365
  • The determinants of livestock prices in Niger JOURNAL OF AFRICAN ECONOMIES Fafchamps, M., Gavian, S. 1997; 6 (2): 255-295
  • Trade credit in Zimbabwean manufacturing WORLD DEVELOPMENT Fafchamps, M. 1997; 25 (5): 795-815
  • Precautionary saving, credit constraints, and irreversible investment: Theory and evidence from semiarid India JOURNAL OF BUSINESS & ECONOMIC STATISTICS Fafchamps, M., Pender, J. 1997; 15 (2): 180-194
  • Sovereign debt, structural adjustment, and conditionality JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS Fafchamps, M. 1996; 50 (2): 313-335
  • Land tenure and allocative efficiency in Niger AMERICAN JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS Gavian, S., Fafchamps, M. 1996; 78 (2): 460-471
  • Local demand, investment multipliers, and industrialization: Theory and application to the Guatemalan highlands JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS Fafchamps, M., Helms, B. 1996; 49 (1): 61-92
  • The enforcement of commercial contracts in Ghana WORLD DEVELOPMENT Fafchamps, M. 1996; 24 (3): 427-448
  • Transaction costs, market failures, competitiveness and the state 22nd International Conference of Agricultural Economists - Agricultural Competitiveness: Market Forces and Policy Choice Fafchamps, M., DEJANVRY, A., Sadoulet, E. DARTMOUTH PUBLISHING CO LTD. 1995: 343–354
  • Discussion report section III 22nd International Conference of Agricultural Economists - Agricultural Competitiveness: Market Forces and Policy Choice Fafchamps, M. DARTMOUTH PUBLISHING CO LTD. 1995: 315–323
  • INDUSTRIAL-STRUCTURE AND MICROENTERPRISES IN AFRICA JOURNAL OF DEVELOPING AREAS Fafchamps, M. 1994; 29 (1): 1-30
  • SEQUENTIAL LABOR DECISIONS UNDER UNCERTAINTY - AN ESTIMABLE HOUSEHOLD MODEL OF WEST-AFRICAN FARMERS ECONOMETRICA Fafchamps, M. 1993; 61 (5): 1173-1197
  • SOLIDARITY NETWORKS IN PREINDUSTRIAL SOCIETIES - RATIONAL PEASANTS WITH A MORAL ECONOMY ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND CULTURAL CHANGE Fafchamps, M. 1992; 41 (1): 147-174
  • CASH CROP PRODUCTION, FOOD PRICE VOLATILITY, AND RURAL MARKET INTEGRATION IN THE THIRD-WORLD AMERICAN JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS Fafchamps, M. 1992; 74 (1): 90-99
  • A COMPUTABLE HOUSEHOLD MODEL APPROACH TO POLICY ANALYSIS - STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT AND THE PEASANTRY IN MOROCCO 21ST INTERNATIONAL CONF OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMISTS DEJANVRY, A., Fafchamps, M., Raki, M., Sadoulet, E. DARTMOUTH PUBLISHING CO LTD. 1992: 298–306
  • PEASANT HOUSEHOLD BEHAVIOR WITH MISSING MARKETS - SOME PARADOXES EXPLAINED ECONOMIC JOURNAL DEJANVRY, A., Fafchamps, M., Sadoulet, E. 1991; 101 (409): 1400-1417