Bio


Michael Bernstein is an Assistant Professor of Computer Science at Stanford University, where he is a member of the Human-Computer Interaction group. His research focuses on the design of crowdsourcing and social computing systems. His research has received numerous best paper awards at premier computing venues, and his Ph.D. students have gone on both to industry (e.g., Adobe Research, Facebook Data Science) and faculty positions (e.g., Carnegie Mellon, UC Berkeley). Michael has been recognized as a Robert N. Noyce Family Faculty Scholar, and has received an NSF CAREER award, an Outstanding Academic Title citation from the American Library Association, and an Alfred P. Sloan Fellowship. He holds a bachelor's degree in Symbolic Systems from Stanford University, as well as a master's degree and a Ph.D. in Computer Science from MIT.

Academic Appointments


Honors & Awards


  • Outstanding Academic Title, "Handbook of Collective Intelligence", American Library Association, Choice
  • Best paper award, CHI 2017, CSCW 2017, CHI 2016, UIST 2014, ICWSM 2011, UIST 2010, UIST 2006
  • Sloan Research Fellowship, Sloan Foundation
  • NSF CAREER award, National Science Foundation
  • Robert N. Noyce Family Faculty Scholar, Stanford University
  • George M. Sprowls Award for best doctoral thesis in Computer Science, MIT

Professional Education


  • PhD, MIT, Computer Science (2012)
  • SM, MIT, Computer Science (2008)
  • BS, Stanford University, Symbolic Systems (2006)

2018-19 Courses


Stanford Advisees


All Publications


  • Flash Organizations: Crowdsourcing Complex Work by Structuring Crowds As Organizations Valentine, M., Retelny, D., To, A., Rahmati, N., Doshi, T., Bernstein, M.

    View details for DOI 10.1145/3025453.3025811

  • Ink: Increasing Worker Agency to Reduce Friction in Hiring Crowd Workers ACM TRANSACTIONS ON COMPUTER-HUMAN INTERACTION Salehi, N., Bernstein, M. S. 2018; 25 (2)

    View details for DOI 10.1145/3177882

    View details for Web of Science ID 000431849700003

  • Mosaic: Designing Online Creative Communities for Sharing Works-in-Progress DESIGN THINKING RESEARCH: MAKING DISTINCTIONS: COLLABORATION VERSUS COOPERATION Kim, J., Agrawala, M., Bernstein, M. S., Plattner, H., Meinel, C., Leifer, L. 2018: 105–29
  • Mechanical Novel: Crowdsourcing Complex Work Through Reflection and Revision DESIGN THINKING RESEARCH: MAKING DISTINCTIONS: COLLABORATION VERSUS COOPERATION Kim, J., Sterman, S., Cohen, A., Bernstein, M. S., Plattner, H., Meinel, C., Leifer, L. 2018: 79–104
  • Visual Genome: Connecting Language and Vision Using Crowdsourced Dense Image Annotations INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COMPUTER VISION Krishna, R., Zhu, Y., Groth, O., Johnson, J., Hata, K., Kravitz, J., Chen, S., Kalantidis, Y., Li, L., Shamma, D. A., Bernstein, M. S., Li Fei-Fei, F. F. 2017; 123 (1): 32-73
  • MyriadHub: Efficiently Scaling Personalized Email Conversations with Valet Crowdsourcing Kokkalis, N., Fan, C., Roith, J., Bernstein, M. S., Klemmer, S., ACM ASSOC COMPUTING MACHINERY. 2017: 73–84
  • Examining Crowd Work and Gig Work Through The Historical Lens of Piecework Alkhatib, A., Bernstein, M. S., Levi, M., ACM ASSOC COMPUTING MACHINERY. 2017: 4599–4616
  • ImageNet Large Scale Visual Recognition Challenge INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COMPUTER VISION Russakovsky, O., Deng, J., Su, H., Krause, J., Satheesh, S., Ma, S., Huang, Z., Karpathy, A., Khosla, A., Bernstein, M., Berg, A. C., Fei-fei, L. 2015; 115 (3): 211-252
  • Soylent: A Word Processor with a Crowd Inside COMMUNICATIONS OF THE ACM Bernstein, M. S., Little, G., Miller, R. C., Hartmann, B., Ackerman, M. S., Karger, D. R., Crowell, D., Panovich, K. 2015; 58 (8): 85-94
  • Learning Perceptual Kernels for Visualization Design IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VISUALIZATION AND COMPUTER GRAPHICS Demiralp, C., Bernstein, M. S., Heer, J. 2014; 20 (12): 1933-1942
  • Catalyst: Triggering Collective Action with Thresholds Cheng, J., Bernstein, M. 2014
  • Ensemble: Exploring Complementary Strengths of Leaders and Crowds in Creative Collaboration Kim, J., Cheng, J., Bernstein, M. 2014
  • Quantifying the Invisible Audience in Social Networks Bernstein, Michael, S., Bakshy, E., Burke, M., Karrer, B. 2013
  • EmailValet: Managing Email Overload through Private, Accountable Crowdsourcing Kokkalis, N., Köhn, T., Pfeiffer, C., Chornyi, D., Bernstein, Michael, S., Klemmer, Scott, R. 2013
  • Crowd-scale Interactive Formal Reasoning and Analytics Fast, E., Lee, C., Aiken, A., Bernstein, M., Koller, D., Smith, E. 2013
  • The Future of Crowd Work Kittur, A., Nickerson, Jeffrey, V., Bernstein, Michael, S., Gerber, Elizabeth, M., Shaw, A., Zimmerman, J. 2013
  • Leveraging Online Populations for Crowdsourcing IEEE INTERNET COMPUTING Chi, E. H., Bernstein, M. S. 2012; 16 (5): 10-12
  • Who Gives A Tweet? Evaluating Microblog Content Value Andre, P., Bernstein, M., Luther, K. 2012
  • Direct Answers for Search Queries in the Long Tail Bernstein, M., Teevan, J., Dumais, S., Liebling, D., Horvitz, E. 2012
  • Analytic Methods for Optimizing Realtime Crowdsourcing CI: Collective Intelligence 2012 Bernstein, M., Karger, D., Miller, R., Brandt, J. 2012
  • The Trouble with Social Computing Systems Research Bernstein, M., Ackerman, M., Chi, Ed, H., Miller, R. 2011
  • Crowds in Two Seconds: Enabling Realtime Crowd-Powered Interfaces Bernstein, M., Brandt, J., Miller, R., Karger, D. 2011
  • PingPong++: Community Customization in Games and Entertainment Xiao, X., Bernstein, M., Yao, L., Lakatos, D., Gust, L., Acquah, K. 2011
  • TwitInfo: Aggregating and Visualizing Microblogs for Event Exploration Marcus, A., Bernstein, M., Badar, O., Karger, D., Madden, S., Miller, R. 2011
  • 4chan and /b/: An Analysis of Anonymity and Ephemerality in a Large Online Community Bernstein, M., Monroy-Hernandez, A., Harry, D., Andre, P., Panovich, K., Vargas, G. 2011
  • Eddi: Interactive Topic-Based Browsing of Social Status Streams Bernstein, M., Suh, B., Hong, L., Chen, J., Kairam, S., Chi, Ed, H. 2010
  • Short and Tweet: Experiments on Recommending Content from Information Streams Chen, J., Nairn, R., Nelson, L., Bernstein, M., Chi, E. 2010
  • Personalization via Friendsourcing ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction 2010 Bernstein, M., Tan, D., Smith, G., Czerwinski, M., Horvitz, E. 2010
  • Who Am I? Two-Four-Six-Oh-One! Bernstein, M., Marcus, A., Karger, D., Miller, R. 2010
  • Enhancing Directed Content Sharing on the Web Bernstein, M., Marcus, A., Karger, D., Miller, R. 2010
  • A Torrent of Tweets: Managing Information Overload in Online Social Streams Bernstein, M., Kairam, S., Suh, B., Hong, L., Chi, Ed, H. 2010
  • Soylent: A Word Processor with a Crowd Inside Bernstein, M., Little, G., Miller, R., Hartmann, B., Ackerman, M., Karger, D. 2010
  • Collabio: A Game for Annotating People within Social Networks Bernstein, M., Tan, D., Smith, G., Czerwinski, M., Horvitz, E. 2009
  • Note to Self: Examining Personal Information Keeping in a Lightweight Note-Taking Tool Van Kleek, M., Bernstein, M., Panovich, K., Vargas, G., Karger, D., schraefel, m. c. 2009
  • CHIstory Bernstein, M., Andre, P., Luther, K., Poole, E. S., Solovey, E., Paul, S. 2009
  • Information Scraps: How and Why Information Eludes our Personal Information Management Tools ACM Transactions on Information Systems 2008 Bernstein, M., Kleek, M. V., Karger, D., schraefel, m. 2008
  • Taskpose: Exploring Fluid Boundaries in an Associative Window Visualization 21st Annual ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology Bernstein, M., Shrager, J., Winograd, T. ASSOC COMPUTING MACHINERY. 2008: 231–234
  • Simplifying Knowledge Creation and Access for End-Users on the Semantic Web Van Kleek, M., Bernstein, M., Andre, P., Pertunnen, M., Karger, D., schraefel, m. c. 2008
  • Evolution and Evaluation of an Information Scrap Manager Bernstein, M., Van Kleek, M., schraefel, m. c., Karger, D. 2008
  • Inky: A Sloppy Command Line for the Web with Rich Visual Feedback Miller, R., Chou, V., Bernstein, M., Little, G., Van Kleek, M., Karger, D. 2008
  • Wicked Problems and Gnarly Results: Reflecting on Design and Evaluation Methods for Idiosyncratic Personal Information Management Tasks MIT-CSAIL-TR-2008-007 2008 Bernstein, M., Kleek, M. V., Khushraj, D., Nayak, R., Liu, C., Karger, D. 2008
  • GUI — Phooey!: The Case for Text Input Van Kleek, M., Bernstein, M., Karger, D., schraefel, m. c. 2007
  • Personal Information Management, Personal Information Retrieval? Bernstein, M., Van Kleek, M., Karger, D., schraefel, m. c. 2007
  • Management of Personal Information Scraps Bernstein, M., Van Kleek, M., schraefel, m. c., Karger, D. 2007
  • Diamond's Edge: From Notebook to Table and Back Again Ubicomp: Posters 2006 Bernstein, M., Robinson-Mosher, A., Yeh, R., Klemmer, S. 2006
  • Reflective Physical Prototyping through Integrated Design, Test, and Analysis Hartmann, B., Klemmer, Scott, R., Bernstein, M., Abdulla, L., Burr, B., Robinson-Mosher, A. 2006
  • D.tools: Integrated prototyping for physical interaction design IEEE PERVASIVE COMPUTING Hartmann, B., Klemmer, S. R., Bernstein, M. 2005; 4 (4): 79-79
  • d.tools: Visually Prototyping Physical UIs through Statecharts UIST: Extended Abstracts 2005 Hartmann, B., Klemmer, S. R., Bernstein, M., Mehta, N. 2005