Assessing healthcare provider knowledge of human trafficking.
2022; 17 (3): e0264338
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Human trafficking is a significant problem in which healthcare workers are in a unique position to intervene. This study sought to determine the self-reported knowledge levels of healthcare providers most likely to come in direct contact with victims of human trafficking.METHODS: An anonymous survey assessing self-reported knowledge of human trafficking was developed and distributed online. Demographic information and questions pertaining to training and knowledge of trafficking in a healthcare setting were asked. The primary outcomes were descriptive statistics and secondary outcomes were comparisons among demographic groups. Qualitative methodology via content analysis was implemented on an open-ended question.RESULTS: The 6,603 respondents represented all regions of the country. Medical, nursing, and physician assistant students comprised 23% of the sample, while 40% were either physicians, fellows, or residents. Less than half the respondents (42%) have received formal training in human trafficking, while an overwhelming majority (93%) believe they would benefit by such training. Overall, respondents thought their level of knowledge of trafficking was average to below average (mean = 2.64 on a 5-point scale). There were significant differences in knowledge of trafficking by age group (p < .001), region (p < .001), and educational training level (p < .001). 949 respondents (14.4%) provided free-text comments that further described their opinions.CONCLUSION: Most respondents stated they have not received training but felt they would benefit from it. There were significant differences between demographic groups. Further innovation is needed to design a universally appropriate curriculum on human trafficking that is accessible to all healthcare providers as well as mandatory training programs for healthcare institutions.
View details for DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0264338
View details for PubMedID 35263364
A comparison of kinematic demands placed on the knee and hip during two ACL return-to-sport screening maneuvers and an agility test.
Physical therapy in sport : official journal of the Association of Chartered Physiotherapists in Sports Medicine
2021; 52: 155-161
OBJECTIVES: This study's purpose was to compare the kinematic demands placed on the knee and the hip during various biomechanical tests.DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional design.SETTING: A university research laboratory.PARTICIPANTS: The study sample consisted of 70 NCAA Division I female athletes.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: During the performance of three test maneuvers, a drop vertical jump (DVJ), single leg cross over hop (COH) and modified T-test (AT), the hip and knee joint angles at maximum knee valgus were obtained from marker displacement data collected using a 20-camera motion analysis system. A linear mixed model was used to compare the effect of test on joint angle.RESULTS: A significant difference (p<0.001) in the frontal and sagittal plane position of the knee and hip was noted between the DVJ, COH, and AT tests at maximum knee valgus.CONCLUSIONS: The DVJ, COH, and AT maneuvers do not appear to place the same kinematic stress on the knee, supporting the need for the development of return to sport tests that mimic on field demands.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.ptsp.2021.09.001
View details for PubMedID 34530211
Preferences to improve rounding efficiency amongst hospitalists: a survey analysis
JOURNAL OF COMMUNITY HOSPITAL INTERNAL MEDICINE PERSPECTIVES
2021; 11 (4): 501-506
Background: There is no 'gold standard' method of rounding for hospitalists. This study investigates hospitalist rounding preferences to improve efficiency based on resources categorized under work assignment and communication. Methods: An anonymous survey containing demographics and questions on preferences for rounding efficiently by hospitalists were widely distributed online. Res6ponses were presented using descriptive statistics and SPSS v26. Results: There were 143 respondents, majority male (60%) with (40%) female. Most (80%) expect higher patient volumes when working with an advanced practitioner (AP). Half (50%) preferred rounding independently, (34%) with an AP, and majority (62%) with a resident. Geographic rounding was most efficient at 85%. Text messaging for paging was preferred (70.1%) to pagers (23.4%). Respondents preferred calling a consultant (52%) or text messaging (40%). Majority have not used a WOW yet (74%) believe WOWs could improve efficiency. Majority prefer dictation via Dragon (47%) to the phone application (23%). Only 29% believe their EMR is too complex to navigate. Preference difference due to age was insignificant. Discussion and Conclusion: In this study, 143 hospitalists provided preferences for improving rounding efficiency based on elements from work assignment and communication. This analysis can provide insights on designing best practices for hospitalists rounding efficiently.
View details for DOI 10.1080/20009666.2021.1929047
View details for Web of Science ID 000664335700017
View details for PubMedID 34211657
View details for PubMedCentralID PMC8221154
Physician perceptions of documentation methods in electronic health records
HEALTH INFORMATICS JOURNAL
2021; 27 (1): 1460458221989399
This study sought to determine physician, specialty and practice factors influencing choice of method for electronic health record (EHR) documentation: direct typing (DT), electronic transcription (ET), human transcription (HT), and scribes. A survey assessing physician documentation practices was developed and distributed online. The primary outcome was the proportion of physicians using each method. Secondary outcomes were provider-rated accuracy, efficiency, and ease of navigation on a 1-5 Likert scale. Means were compared using linear mixed models with Bonferroni adjustment. The 818 respondents were mostly outpatient (46%) adult (79%) physicians, practiced for a mean 15.8 years, and used DT for EHR documentation (72%). Emergency physicians were more likely to use scribes (p < 0.0001). DT was rated less efficient than all other methods (p < 0.0001). ET was rated less accurate than DT (p < 0.001) and HT (p < 0.001). HT was rated less easy to navigate than DT (p = 0.002) and scribe (p < 0.001), and ET less than scribe (p = 0.002). Two hundred and forty-three respondents provided free-text comments that further described opinions. DT was the most commonly used EHR method but rated least efficient. Scribes were rated easy to navigate and efficient but infrequently used outside of emergency settings. Further innovation is needed to design systems responsive to all physician EHR needs.
View details for DOI 10.1177/1460458221989399
View details for Web of Science ID 000645567000035
View details for PubMedID 33535853
- Development of a method to compare microsurgery techniques across different levels of surgical experience INTERDISCIPLINARY NEUROSURGERY-ADVANCED TECHNIQUES AND CASE MANAGEMENT 2017; 10: 52-56
Congenital neurodevelopmental anomalies in pediatric and young adult cancer
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MEDICAL GENETICS PART A
2017; 173 (10): 2670-2679
Congenital anomalies that are diagnosed in at least 120,000 US infants every year are the leading cause of infant death and contribute to disability and pediatric hospitalizations. Several large-scale epidemiologic studies have provided substantial evidence of an association between congenital anomalies and cancer risk in children, suggesting potential underlying cancer-predisposing conditions and the involvement of developmental genetic pathways. Electronic medical records from 1,107 pediatric, adolescent, and young adult oncology patients were reviewed. The observed number (O) of congenital anomalies among children with a specific pediatric cancer subtype was compared to the expected number (E) of anomalies based on the frequency of congenital anomalies in the entire study population. The O/E ratios were tested for significance using Fisher's exact test. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to compare overall and neurological malignancy survival rates following tumor diagnosis. Thirteen percent of patients had a congenital anomaly diagnosis prior to their cancer diagnosis. When stratified by congenital anomaly subtype, there was an excess of neurological anomalies among children with central nervous system tumors (O/E = 1.56, 95%CI 1.13-2.09). Male pediatric cancer patients were more likely than females to have a congenital anomaly, particularly those <5 years of age (O/E 1.35, 95%CI 0.97-1.82). Our study provides additional insight into the association between specific congenital anomaly types and pediatric cancer development. Moreover, it may help to inform the development of new screening policies and support hypothesis-driven research investigating mechanisms underlying tumor predisposition in children with congenital anomalies.
View details for DOI 10.1002/ajmg.a.38387
View details for Web of Science ID 000411036600014
View details for PubMedID 28851129
View details for PubMedCentralID PMC5639360