Bio


Prashant Loyalka is an Assistant Professor at the Graduate School of Education, a Center Research Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies, and a faculty member of the Rural Education Action Program at Stanford University. His research focuses on examining/addressing inequalities in the education of youth and on understanding/improving the quality of education received by youth in large developing economies including China, Russia and India. In the course of addressing educational inequalities, Prashant examines the consequences of financial constraints, limited information and choices, tracking and admissions rules, and social psychological factors in competitive education environments. His work on understanding educational quality is built around research that assesses and compares student learning in higher education, high school and compulsory schooling. Furthermore, he conducts large-scale evaluations of educational programs and policies that seek to improve student outcomes.

Academic Appointments


Professional Education


  • Ph.D., Stanford University, International Comparative Education (2009)
  • M.A., Stanford University, Economics (2008)
  • B.A., Stanford University, Economics (1997)

Research Interests


  • Assessment, testing and measurement
  • Diversity and Identity
  • Higher Education
  • Immigrants and Immigration
  • International and Comparative Education
  • Poverty and Inequality
  • Teachers and Teaching

Current Research and Scholarly Interests


Prashant's research focuses on examining/addressing inequalities in the education of youth and on understanding/improving the quality of education received by youth in a number of countries including China, India, Russia, and the United States. In the course of addressing educational inequalities, Prashant examines the consequences of tracking, financial and informational constraints, as well as social and psychological factors in highly competitive education systems. His work on understanding educational quality is built around research that assesses and compares student learning in higher education, high school and compulsory schooling. He furthermore conducts large-scale evaluations of educational programs and policies that seek to improve student outcomes.

All Publications


  • Does Teacher Training Actually Work? Evidence from a Large-Scale Randomized Evaluation of a National Teacher Training Program AMERICAN ECONOMIC JOURNAL-APPLIED ECONOMICS Loyalka, P., Popova, A., Li, G., Shi, Z. 2019; 11 (3): 128–54
  • Pay by Design: Teacher Performance Pay Design and the Distribution of Student Achievement JOURNAL OF LABOR ECONOMICS Loyalka, P., Sylvia, S., Liu, C., Chu, J., Shi, Y. 2019; 37 (3): 621–62

    View details for DOI 10.1086/702625

    View details for Web of Science ID 000471691100001

  • Computer science skills across China, India, Russia, and the United States PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Loyalka, P., Liu, O., Li, G., Chirikov, I., Kardanova, E., Gu, L., Ling, G., Yu, N., Guo, F., Ma, L., Hu, S., Johnson, A., Bhuradia, A., Khanna, S., Froumin, I., Shi, J., Choudhury, P., Beteille, T., Marmolejo, F., Tognatta, N. 2019; 116 (14): 6732–36
  • Human Capital and China's Future Growth JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC PERSPECTIVES Li, H., Loyalka, P., Rozelle, S., Wu, B. 2017; 31 (1): 25-48
  • Can Social-Emotional Learning Reduce School Dropout in Developing Countries? JOURNAL OF POLICY ANALYSIS AND MANAGEMENT Wang, H., Chu, J., Loyalka, P., Xin, T., Shi, Y., Qu, Q., Yang, C. 2016; 35 (4): 818-?

    View details for DOI 10.1002/pam.21915

    View details for Web of Science ID 000383668300005

  • Revisiting the Relationship Between International Assessment Outcomes and Educational Production: Evidence From a Longitudinal PISA-TIMSS Sample AMERICAN EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH JOURNAL Carnoy, M., Khavenson, T., Loyalka, P., Schmidt, W. H., Zakharov, A. 2016; 53 (4): 1054-1085
  • The Impact of Vocational Schooling on Human Capital Development in Developing Countries: Evidence from China WORLD BANK ECONOMIC REVIEW Loyalka, P., Huang, X., Zhang, L., Wei, J., Yi, H., Song, Y., Shi, Y., Chu, J. 2016; 30 (1): 143-170
  • China's Left-Behind Children: Impact Of Parental Migration On Health, Nutrition, And Educational Outcomes. Health affairs Zhou, C., Sylvia, S., Zhang, L., Luo, R., Yi, H., Liu, C., Shi, Y., Loyalka, P., Chu, J., Medina, A., Rozelle, S. 2015; 34 (11): 1964-1971

    View details for DOI 10.1377/hlthaff.2015.0150

    View details for PubMedID 26526256

  • Giving kids a head start: The impact and mechanisms of early commitment of financial aid on poor students in rural China JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS Yi, H., Song, Y., Liu, C., Huang, X., Zhang, L., Bai, Y., Ren, B., Shi, Y., Loyalka, P., Chu, J., Rozelle, S. 2015; 113: 1-15
  • The Cost of Disability in China DEMOGRAPHY Loyalka, P., Liu, L., Chen, G., Zheng, X. 2014; 51 (1): 97-118
  • Can information and counseling help students from poor rural areas go to high school? Evidence from China JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE ECONOMICS Loyalka, P., Liu, C., Song, Y., Yi, H., Huang, X., Wei, J., Zhang, L., Shi, Y., Chu, J., Rozelle, S. 2013; 41 (4): 1012-1025
  • The impact of teacher professional development programs on student achievement in rural China: evidence from Shaanxi Province JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT EFFECTIVENESS Lu, M., Loyalka, P., Shi, Y., Chang, F., Liu, C., Rozelle, S. 2019
  • The role of faculty in reducing academic dishonesty among engineering students STUDIES IN HIGHER EDUCATION Chirikov, I., Shmeleva, E., Loyalka, P. 2019
  • Parental migration, educational achievement, and mental health of junior high school students in rural China CHINA ECONOMIC REVIEW Chang, F., Jiang, Y., Loyalka, P., Chu, J., Shi, Y., Osborn, A., Rozelle, S. 2019; 54: 337–49
  • Catching the Big Fish in the Little Pond Effect: Evidence from 33 Countries and Regions COMPARATIVE EDUCATION REVIEW Loyalka, P., Zakharov, A., Kuzmina, Y. 2018; 62 (4): 542–64

    View details for DOI 10.1086/699672

    View details for Web of Science ID 000447999700005

  • Assessing the Quality of Upper-Secondary Vocational Education and Training: Evidence from China COMPARATIVE EDUCATION REVIEW Yi, H., Li, G., Li, L., Loyalka, P., Zhang, L., Xu, J., Kardanova, E., Shi, H., Chu, J. 2018; 62 (2): 199–230
  • Ability tracking and social trust in China's rural secondary school system SCHOOL EFFECTIVENESS AND SCHOOL IMPROVEMENT Li, F., Loyalka, P., Yi, H., Shi, Y., Johnson, N., Rozelle, S. 2018; 29 (4): 545–72
  • Validating the Use of Translated and Adapted HEIghten (R) Quantitative Literacy Test in Russia ASSESSMENT OF LEARNING OUTCOMES IN HIGHER EDUCATION: CROSS-NATIONAL COMPARISONS AND PERSPECTIVES Gu, L., Liu, O., Xu, J., Kardonova, E., Chirikov, I., Li, G., Hu, S., Yu, N., Ma, L., Guo, F., Su, Q., Shi, J., Shi, H., Loyalka, P., ZlatkinTroitschanskaia, O., Toepper, M., Pant, H. A., Lautenbach, C., Kuhn, C. 2018: 267–84
  • Assessing college critical thinking: preliminary results from the Chinese HEIghten (R) Critical Thinking assessment HIGHER EDUCATION RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT Liu, O., Shaw, A., Gu, L., Li, G., Hu, S., Yu, N., Ma, L., Xu, C., Guo, F., Su, Q., Kardanovaj, E., Chirikov, I., Shi, J., Shi, Z., Wang, H., Loyalka, P. 2018; 37 (5): 999–1014
  • The impact of conditional cash transfers on the matriculation of junior high school students into rural China's high schools JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT EFFECTIVENESS Li, F., Song, Y., Yi, H., Wei, J., Zhang, L., Shi, Y., Chu, J., Johnson, N., Loyalka, P., Rozelle, S. 2017; 9 (1): 41-60
  • Inequalities in the Pathway to College in China: When Do Students from Poor Areas Fall Behind? CHINA QUARTERLY Loyalka, P., Chu, J., Wei, J., Johnson, N., Reniker, J. 2017; 229: 172-194
  • Sidestepping the Elephant in the Classroom: Using Culturally Localized Technology to Teach Around Taboos Sorcar, P., Strauber, B., Loyalka, P., Kumar, N., Goldman, S., ACM ASSOC COMPUTING MACHINERY. 2017: 2792–2804
  • China's Looming Human Capital Crisis: Upper Secondary Educational Attainment Rates and the Middle-income Trap CHINA QUARTERLY Khor, N., Pang, L., Liu, C., Chang, F., Mo, D., Loyalka, P., Rozelle, S. 2016; 228: 905-926
  • Does shadow education help students prepare for college? Evidence from Russia INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT Loyalka, P., Zakharov, A. 2016; 49: 22-30
  • The Impact of Vocational Teachers on Student Learning in Developing Countries: Does Enterprise Experience Matter? COMPARATIVE EDUCATION REVIEW Johnston, J., Loyalka, P., Chu, J., Song, Y., Yi, H., Huang, X. 2016; 60 (1): 131-150
  • Developing instruments to assess and compare the quality of engineering education: the case of China and Russia ASSESSMENT & EVALUATION IN HIGHER EDUCATION Kardanova, E., Loyalka, P., Chirikov, I., Liu, L., Li, G., Wang, H., Enchikova, E., Shi, H., Johnson, N. 2016; 41 (5): 770-786
  • The impact of teacher credentials on student achievement in China CHINA ECONOMIC REVIEW Chu, J. H., Loyalka, P., Chu, J., Qu, Q., Shi, Y., Li, G. 2015; 36: 14-24
  • Dropping Out of Rural China's Secondary Schools: A Mixed-methods Analysis CHINA QUARTERLY Shi, Y., Zhang, L., Ma, Y., Yi, H., Liu, C., Johnson, N., Chu, J., Loyalka, P., Rozelle, S. 2015; 224: 1048-1069
  • Exploring the dropout rates and causes of dropout in upper-secondary technical and vocational education and training (TVET) schools in China INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT Yi, H., Zhang, L., Yao, Y., Wang, A., Ma, Y., Shi, Y., Chu, J., Loyalka, P., Rozelle, S. 2015; 42: 115-123
  • Unequal Access to College in China: How Far Have Poor, Rural Students Been Left Behind? CHINA QUARTERLY Li, H., Loyalka, P., Rozelle, S., Wu, B., Xie, J. 2015; 221: 185-207
  • The Impacts of Building Elite High Schools for Students from Disadvantaged Areas ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND CULTURAL CHANGE Loyalka, P., Wei, J., Song, Y., Zhong, W., Chu, J. 2015; 63 (2): 393-422

    View details for DOI 10.1086/678992

    View details for Web of Science ID 000346349600006

  • Factors affecting the quality of engineering education in the four largest emerging economies HIGHER EDUCATION Loyalka, P., Carnoy, M., Froumin, I., Dossani, R., Tilak, J. B., Yang, P. 2014; 68 (6): 977-1004
  • The concept of public goods, the state, and higher education finance: a view from the BRICs HIGHER EDUCATION Carnoy, M., Froumin, I., Loyalka, P. K., Tilak, J. B. 2014; 68 (3): 359-378
  • Which teaching practices improve student performance on high-stakes exams? Evidence from Russia INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT Zakharov, A., Carnoy, M., Loyalka, P. 2014; 36: 13-21
  • Information, college decisions and financial aid: Evidence from a cluster-randomized controlled trial in China ECONOMICS OF EDUCATION REVIEW Loyalka, P., Song, Y., Wei, J., Zhong, W., Rozelle, S. 2013; 36: 26-40
  • University Expansion in the BRIC Countries and the Global Information Economy Change: The Magazine of Higher Learning Carnoy, M., Loyalka , P., Froumin , I. 2013: 36-43
  • The distribution of financial aid in China: Is aid reaching poor students? CHINA ECONOMIC REVIEW Loyalka, P., Song, Y., Wei, J. 2012; 23 (4): 898-917
  • The effects of attending selective college tiers in China SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH Loyalka, P., Song, Y., Wei, J. 2012; 41 (2): 287-305

    Abstract

    We estimate the effects of attending the first versus second-tier of higher education institutions on Chinese students' at-college and expected post-college outcomes using various quasi-experimental methods such as regression discontinuity, genetic matching, and regression discontinuity controlling for covariates. Overall we find that just attending the first versus second-tier makes little difference in terms of students' class ranking, net tuition, expected wages, or likelihood of applying for graduate school. The results do show, however, that just attending the first versus second tier makes it less likely that students will get their preferred major choice.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.ssresearch.2011.11.015

    View details for Web of Science ID 000300523400007

    View details for PubMedID 23017752

  • The effect of primary school mergers on academic performance of students in rural China INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT Liu, C., Zhang, L., Luo, R., Rozelle, S., Loyalka, P. 2010; 30 (6): 570-585