Honors & Awards

  • The Katharine McCormick Fellowship, Stanford

Professional Education

  • Doctor of Philosophy, Princeton University (2020)
  • PhD, Princeton University

Stanford Advisors

All Publications

  • Global population profile of tropical cyclone exposure from 2002 to 2019. Nature Jing, R., Heft-Neal, S., Chavas, D. R., Griswold, M., Wang, Z., Clark-Ginsberg, A., Guha-Sapir, D., Bendavid, E., Wagner, Z. 2023


    Tropical cyclones have far-reaching impacts on livelihoods and population health that often persist years after the event [1,2,3,4]. Characterizing the demographic and socioeconomic profile and the vulnerabilities of exposed populations is essential to assess health and other risks associated with future tropical cyclone events [5]. Estimates of exposure to tropical cyclones are often regional rather than global [6] and do not consider population vulnerabilities [7]. Here, we combine spatially resolved annual demographic estimates with tropical cyclone wind fields estimates to construct a global profile of the populations exposed to tropical cyclones between 2002 and 2019. We find that approximately 560 million people are exposed yearly and that the number of people exposed has increased across all cyclone intensities over the study period. The age distribution of those exposed has shifted away from children (under-5) and towards older people (over-60) in recent years compared to the early 2000s. Populations exposed to tropical cyclones are more socioeconomically deprived than those unexposed within the same country, and this relationship is more pronounced for people exposed to higher-intensity storms. By characterizing the patterns and vulnerabilities of exposed populations, our results can help identify mitigation strategies and assess the global burden and future risks of tropical cyclones.

    View details for DOI 10.1038/s41586-023-06963-z

    View details for PubMedID 38122822

  • Infant and Neonatal Mortality During the Covid-19 Pandemic: An Interrupted Time Series Analysis From Five Low- and Middle-Income Countries. medRxiv : the preprint server for health sciences Wagner, Z., Heft-Neal, S., Wang, Z., Jing, R., Bendavid, E. 2023


    The Covid-19 pandemic led to widespread changes to health and social institutions. The effects of the pandemic on neonatal and infant health outcomes in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are poorly understood, and nationally representative data characterizing changes to health care and outcomes is only now emerging.We used nationally representative survey data with vital status and perinatal care information on 2,959,203 children born in India, Madagascar, Cambodia, Nepal, and the Philippines. Using interrupted time series models, we estimated the change in neonatal mortality (death in first 30 days of life) and infant mortality (death in first year of life) following the start of the Covid-19 pandemic, controlling for granular location fixed-effects and seasonality.We analyzed 2,935,052 births (146,820 deaths) before March 2020 and 24,151 births (799 deaths) after March 2020. We estimated that infant mortality increased by 9.9 deaths per 1,000 live births after March 2020 (95% CI 5.0, 15.0; p<0.01; 22% increase) and neonatal mortality increased by 6.7 deaths per 1,000 live births (95% CI 2.4, 11.1; p<0.01; 27% increase). We observe increased mortality in all study countries. We also estimated a 3.8 percentage point reduction in antenatal care use (95% CI -4.9, -2.7; p<0.01) and a 5.6 percentage point reduction in facility deliveries (95% CI -7.2, -4.0; p<0.01) during the pandemic.Since the start of the Covid-19 pandemic, neonatal and infant mortality are higher than expected in five LMICs. Helping LMICs resume pre-pandemic declines in neonatal and infant mortality should be a major global priority.

    View details for DOI 10.1101/2023.08.03.23293619

    View details for PubMedID 37609306

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC10441505