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  • Pecan Shell-Derived Activated Carbon for High-Electrochemical Performance Supercapacitor Electrode. Materials (Basel, Switzerland) Zou, S. J., Patel, M. D., Smith, L. M., Cha, E., Shi, S. Q., Choi, W. 2024; 17 (13)


    Carbon nanomaterials-based electric double-layer capacitors (EDLCs) are reliable and appealing energy-storage systems offering high power density and long cycling stability. However, these energy storage devices are plagued with critical shortcomings, such as low specific capacitance, inefficient physical/chemical activation process, and self-discharge of electrode materials, hindering their future application. In this work, we use a self-activation process, an environmentally benign and low-cost process, to produce high-performance activated carbon (AC). Novel activated carbon from pecan shells (PS) was successfully synthesized through a single-step self-activation process, which combines the carbonization and activation processes. The as-synthesized pecan shell-derived activated carbon (PSAC) provides a high-porosity, low-resistance, and ordered pore structure with a specific pore volume of 0.744 cm3/g and BET surface area of 1554 m2/g. The supercapacitors fabricated from PSAC demonstrate a specific capacitance of 269 F/g at 2 A/g, excellent cycling stability over 15,000 cycles, and energy and power density of 37.4 Wh/kg and of 2.1 kW/kg, respectively. It is believed that the high-efficiency PSAC synthesized from the novel self-activation method could provide a practical route to environmentally friendly and easily scalable supercapacitors.

    View details for DOI 10.3390/ma17133091

    View details for PubMedID 38998174