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  • Siglec-6 Signaling Uses Src Kinase Tyrosine Phosphorylation and SHP-2 Recruitment. Cells Stefanski, A. L., Renecle, M. D., Kramer, A., Sehgal, S., Narasimhan, P., Rumer, K. K., Winn, V. D. 2022; 11 (21)


    Preeclampsia is a pregnancy-specific disorder involving placental abnormalities. Elevated placental Sialic acid immunoglobulin-like lectin (Siglec)-6 expression has been correlated with preeclampsia. Siglec-6 is a transmembrane receptor, expressed predominantly by the trophoblast cells in the human placenta. It interacts with sialyl glycans such as sialyl-TN glycans as well as binds leptin. Siglec-6 overexpression has been shown to influence proliferation, apoptosis, and invasion in the trophoblast (BeWo) cell model. However, there is no direct evidence that Siglec-6 plays a role in preeclampsia pathogenesis and its signaling potential is still largely unexplored. Siglec-6 contains an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM) and an ITIM-like motif in its cytoplasmic tail suggesting a signaling function. Site-directed mutagenesis and transfection were employed to create a series of Siglec-6 expressing HTR-8/SVneo trophoblastic cell lines with mutations in specific functional residues to explore the signaling potential of Siglec-6. Co-immunoprecipitation and inhibitory assays were utilized to investigate the association of Src-kinases and SH-2 domain-containing phosphatases with Siglec-6. In this study, we show that Siglec-6 is phosphorylated at ITIM and ITIM-like domains by Src family kinases. Phosphorylation of both ITIM and ITIM-like motifs is essential for the recruitment of phosphatases like Src homology region 2 containing protein tyrosine phosphatase 2 (SHP-2), which has downstream signaling capabilities. These findings suggest Siglec-6 as a signaling molecule in human trophoblasts. Further investigation is warranted to determine which signaling pathways are activated downstream to SHP-2 recruitment and how overexpression of Siglec-6 in preeclamptic placentas impacts pathogenesis.

    View details for DOI 10.3390/cells11213427

    View details for PubMedID 36359823