Bio


Siegfried Glenzer, who is the recipient of the recent E. O. Lawrence award, is Professor and High-Energy-Density division director at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. He joined SLAC as a distinguished scientist in 2013 to build a new discovery-class program in exploring matter in extreme conditions using high-power lasers and the world-class Linac Coherent Light Source x-ray beam. Before joining SLAC, he held the plasma physics group leader position at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory for 12 years, where he led the first inertial confinement fusion experiments on the National Ignition Facility. He has also been visiting lecturer at the University of California, Berkeley. Siegfried is the individual recipient of the American Physical Society “Excellence in Plasma Physics” Award (2003). He also won two DOE Excellence in Publications Awards (2011 & 2014) and two Science and Technology Awards (2005 & 2012). In 2004, he received the Alexander-von-Humboldt senior research prize and spent a research and teaching year at the Universität Rostock and at the Deutsche Elektronen Synchrotron in Hamburg, Germany. Since then, he has been the host for two Alexander-von-Humboldt Lynen postdoctoral fellows, two Lawrence postdoctoral fellows, three Peter-Paul-Ewald fellows, and has supervised more than 30 postdoctoral scientists both at LLNL and SLAC.
Siegfried authored and co-authored more than 400 journal publications. Siegfried published the textbook “Plasma Scattering of Electromagnetic Radiation” by D. H. Froula, S. H. Glenzer, N. C. Luhamn, Jr., J. Sheffield, 2nd edition (Elsevier, 2010) and is a fellow of the American Physical Society.

Academic Appointments


  • Professor, Photon Science Directorate

Honors & Awards


  • E. O. Lawrence Award, US Department of Energy (2014)
  • Humboldt Senior Research Prize, Alexander from Humboldt foundation (2004)
  • Excellence in Plasma Physics Award, American Physical Society (2003)
  • Fellow, American Physical Society (2001)

Boards, Advisory Committees, Professional Organizations


  • Member, Advisory Committee of MIT's Center of Excellence HEDP Science (2018 - Present)
  • Member, National Ignition Facility Discovery Science Technical Review Committee (2016 - Present)
  • Member, INERTIAL CONFINEMENT FUSION IGNITION & HIGH YIELD (ICF) PROGRAM RED TEAM (ICF RED TEAM) (2017 - Present)

Current Research and Scholarly Interests


Please see our website for detailed information: https://heds.slac.stanford.edu

2018-19 Courses


Stanford Advisees


All Publications


  • Author Correction: Generation and characterization of ultrathin free-flowing liquid sheets. Nature communications Koralek, J. D., Kim, J. B., Bruza, P., Curry, C. B., Chen, Z., Bechtel, H. A., Cordones, A. A., Sperling, P., Toleikis, S., Kern, J. F., Moeller, S. P., Glenzer, S. H., DePonte, D. P. 2019; 10 (1): 1615

    Abstract

    The original version of this Article contained an error in Eq. (1). This has been corrected in both the PDF and HTML versions of the Article.

    View details for DOI 10.1038/s41467-019-09457-7

    View details for PubMedID 30944301

  • Characterization of defect clusters in ion-irradiated tungsten by X-Ray diffuse scattering JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MATERIALS Sun, P., Wang, Y., Frost, M., Schoenwaelder, C., Levitan, A. L., Mo, M., Chen, Z., Hastings, J. B., Tynan, G. R., Glenzer, S. H., Heimann, P. 2018; 510: 322–30
  • Author Correction: Generation and characterization of ultrathin free-flowing liquid sheets. Nature communications Koralek, J. D., Kim, J. B., Bruza, P., Curry, C. B., Chen, Z., Bechtel, H. A., Cordones, A. A., Sperling, P., Toleikis, S., Kern, J. F., Moeller, S. P., Glenzer, S. H., DePonte, D. P. 2018; 9 (1): 2860

    Abstract

    The original version of this article omitted the following from the Acknowledgements:'P.B. was funded by the ELI Extreme Light Infrastructure Phase 2 (CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/15008/0000162) from the European Regional Development Fund and the EUCALL project funded from the EU Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 654220,' which replaces the previous 'P.B. was funded by the ELI Extreme Light Infrastructure Phase 2 (CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/15008/0000162) from the European Regional Development Fund.'This has been corrected in both the PDF and HTML versions of the article.

    View details for DOI 10.1038/s41467-018-05365-4

    View details for PubMedID 30018291

  • Heterogeneous to homogeneous melting transition visualized with ultrafast electron diffraction. Science (New York, N.Y.) Mo, M. Z., Chen, Z., Li, R. K., Dunning, M., Witte, B. B., Baldwin, J. K., Fletcher, L. B., Kim, J. B., Ng, A., Redmer, R., Reid, A. H., Shekhar, P., Shen, X. Z., Shen, M., Sokolowski-Tinten, K., Tsui, Y. Y., Wang, Y. Q., Zheng, Q., Wang, X. J., Glenzer, S. H. 2018; 360 (6396): 1451–55

    Abstract

    The ultrafast laser excitation of matters leads to nonequilibrium states with complex solid-liquid phase-transition dynamics. We used electron diffraction at mega-electron volt energies to visualize the ultrafast melting of gold on the atomic scale length. For energy densities approaching the irreversible melting regime, we first observed heterogeneous melting on time scales of 100 to 1000 picoseconds, transitioning to homogeneous melting that occurs catastrophically within 10 to 20 picoseconds at higher energy densities. We showed evidence for the heterogeneous coexistence of solid and liquid. We determined the ion and electron temperature evolution and found superheated conditions. Our results constrain the electron-ion coupling rate, determine the Debye temperature, and reveal the melting sensitivity to nucleation seeds.

    View details for DOI 10.1126/science.aar2058

    View details for PubMedID 29954977

  • Generation and characterization of ultrathin free-flowing liquid sheets NATURE COMMUNICATIONS Koralek, J. D., Kim, J. B., Bruza, P., Curry, C. B., Chen, Z., Bechtel, H. A., Cordones, A. A., Sperling, P., Toleikis, S., Kern, J. F., Moeller, S. P., Glenzer, S. H., DePonte, D. P. 2018; 9: 1353

    Abstract

    The physics and chemistry of liquid solutions play a central role in science, and our understanding of life on Earth. Unfortunately, key tools for interrogating aqueous systems, such as infrared and soft X-ray spectroscopy, cannot readily be applied because of strong absorption in water. Here we use gas-dynamic forces to generate free-flowing, sub-micron, liquid sheets which are two orders of magnitude thinner than anything previously reported. Optical, infrared, and X-ray spectroscopies are used to characterize the sheets, which are found to be tunable in thickness from over 1 μm  down to less than 20 nm, which corresponds to fewer than 100 water molecules thick. At this thickness, aqueous sheets can readily transmit photons across the spectrum, leading to potentially transformative applications in infrared, X-ray, electron spectroscopies and beyond. The ultrathin sheets are stable for days in vacuum, and we demonstrate their use at free-electron laser and synchrotron light sources.

    View details for DOI 10.1038/s41467-018-03696-w

    View details for Web of Science ID 000429521200005

    View details for PubMedID 29636445

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC5893585

  • Relativistic Electron Streaming Instabilities Modulate Proton Beams Accelerated in Laser-Plasma Interactions PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Goede, S., Roedel, C., Zeil, K., Mishra, R., Gauthier, M., Brack, F., Kluge, T., MacDonald, M. J., Metzkes, J., OBST, L., Rehwald, M., RUYER, C., Schlenvoigt, H., Schumaker, W., Sommer, P., Cowan, T. E., Schramm, U., Glenzer, S., Fiuza, F. 2017; 118 (19)

    Abstract

    We report experimental evidence that multi-MeV protons accelerated in relativistic laser-plasma interactions are modulated by strong filamentary electromagnetic fields. Modulations are observed when a preplasma is developed on the rear side of a μm-scale solid-density hydrogen target. Under such conditions, electromagnetic fields are amplified by the relativistic electron Weibel instability and are maximized at the critical density region of the target. The analysis of the spatial profile of the protons indicates the generation of B>10  MG and E>0.1  MV/μm fields with a μm-scale wavelength. These results are in good agreement with three-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations and analytical estimates, which further confirm that this process is dominant for different target materials provided that a preplasma is formed on the rear side with scale length ≳0.13λ_{0}sqrt[a_{0}]. These findings impose important constraints on the preplasma levels required for high-quality proton acceleration for multipurpose applications.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.194801

    View details for Web of Science ID 000401240300008

    View details for PubMedID 28548516

  • Relativistic Electron Streaming Instabilities Modulate Proton Beams Accelerated in Laser-Plasma Interactions PHYSICAL REVIEW ACCELERATORS AND BEAMS Goede, S., Roedel, C., Zeil, K., Mishra, R., Gauthier, M., Brack, F., Kluge, T., MacDonald, M. J., Metzkes, J., OBST, L., Rehwald, M., RUYER, C., Schlenvoigt, H., Schumaker, W., Sommer, P., Cowan, T. E., Schramm, U., Glenzer, S., Fiuza, F. 2017; 20 (5)
  • Ab initio simulations of the dynamic ion structure factor of warm dense lithium PHYSICAL REVIEW B Witte, B. B., Shihab, M., Glenzer, S. H., Redmer, R. 2017; 95 (14)
  • Calibration and characterization of a highly efficient spectrometer in von Hamos geometry for 7-10 keV x-rays REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Jarrott, L. C., Wei, M. S., McGuffey, C., Beg, F. N., Nilson, P. M., Sorce, C., Stoeckl, C., Theoboald, W., Sawada, H., Stephens, R. B., Patel, P. K., McLean, H. S., Landen, O. L., Glenzer, S. H., Doppner, T. 2017; 88 (4)

    Abstract

    We have built an absolutely calibrated, highly efficient, Bragg crystal spectrometer in von Hamos geometry. This zinc von Hamos spectrometer uses a crystal made from highly oriented pyrolytic graphite that is cylindrically bent along the non-dispersive axis. It is tuned to measure x-ray spectra in the 7-10 keV range and has been designed to be used on a Ten Inch Manipulator for the Omega and OmegaEP target chambers at the Laboratory for Laser Energetics in Rochester, USA. Significant shielding strategies and fluorescence mitigation have been implemented in addition to an imaging plate detector making it well suited for experiments in high-intensity environments. Here we present the design and absolute calibration as well as mosaicity and integrated reflectivity measurements.

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4981793

    View details for Web of Science ID 000400392800011

    View details for PubMedID 28456236

  • Observation of Betatron X-Ray Radiation in a Self-Modulated Laser Wakefield Accelerator Driven with Picosecond Laser Pulses PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Albert, F., Lemos, N., Shaw, J. L., Pollock, B. B., Goyon, C., Schumaker, W., Saunders, A. M., Marsh, K. A., Pak, A., Ralph, J. E., Martins, J. L., Amorim, L. D., Falcone, R. W., Glenzer, S. H., Moody, J. D., Joshi, C. 2017; 118 (13)

    Abstract

    We investigate a new regime for betatron x-ray emission that utilizes kilojoule-class picosecond lasers to drive wakes in plasmas. When such laser pulses with intensities of ∼5×10^{18}  W/cm^{2} are focused into plasmas with electron densities of ∼1×10^{19}  cm^{-3}, they undergo self-modulation and channeling, which accelerates electrons up to 200 MeV energies and causes those electrons to emit x rays. The measured x-ray spectra are fit with a synchrotron spectrum with a critical energy of 10-20 keV, and 2D particle-in-cell simulations were used to model the acceleration and radiation of the electrons in our experimental conditions.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.134801

    View details for Web of Science ID 000399152300008

    View details for PubMedID 28409970

  • A strong diffusive ion mode in dense ionized matter predicted by Langevin dynamics NATURE COMMUNICATIONS Mabey, P., Richardson, S., WHITE, T. G., Fletcher, L. B., Glenzer, S. H., HARTLEY, N. J., Vorberger, J., Gericke, D. O., Gregori, G. 2017; 8

    Abstract

    The state and evolution of planets, brown dwarfs and neutron star crusts is determined by the properties of dense and compressed matter. Due to the inherent difficulties in modelling strongly coupled plasmas, however, current predictions of transport coefficients differ by orders of magnitude. Collective modes are a prominent feature, whose spectra may serve as an important tool to validate theoretical predictions for dense matter. With recent advances in free electron laser technology, X-rays with small enough bandwidth have become available, allowing the investigation of the low-frequency ion modes in dense matter. Here, we present numerical predictions for these ion modes and demonstrate significant changes to their strength and dispersion if dissipative processes are included by Langevin dynamics. Notably, a strong diffusive mode around zero frequency arises, which is not present, or much weaker, in standard simulations. Our results have profound consequences in the interpretation of transport coefficients in dense plasmas.

    View details for DOI 10.1038/ncomms14125

    View details for Web of Science ID 000392857900001

    View details for PubMedID 28134338

  • Using neutrons to measure keV temperatures in highly compressed plastic at multi-Gbar pressures HIGH ENERGY DENSITY PHYSICS Nilsen, J., Bachmann, B., Zimmerman, G. B., Hatarik, R., Doppner, T., Swift, D., Hawreliak, J., Collins, G. W., Falcone, R. W., Glenzer, S. H., Kraus, D., Landen, O. L., Kritcher, A. L. 2016; 21: 20-26
  • Experimental room temperature hohlraum performance study on the National Ignition Facility PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Ralph, J. E., Strozzi, D., Ma, T., Moody, J. D., Hinkel, D. E., Callahan, D. A., MacGowan, B. J., Michel, P., Kline, J. L., Glenzer, S. H., ALBERT, F., Benedetti, L. R., Divol, L., MacKinnon, A. J., Pak, A., Rygg, J. R., Schneider, M. B., Town, R. P., Widmann, K., Hsing, W., Edwards, M. J. 2016; 23 (12)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4972548

    View details for Web of Science ID 000392013000063

  • A single-shot spatial chirp method for measuring initial AC conductivity evolution of femtosecond laser pulse excited warm dense matter REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Chen, Z., Hering, P., Brown, S. B., Curry, C., Tsui, Y. Y., Glenzer, S. H. 2016; 87 (11)

    Abstract

    To study the rapid evolution of AC conductivity from ultrafast laser excited warm dense matter (WDM), a spatial chirp single-shot method is developed utilizing a crossing angle pump-probe configuration. The pump beam is shaped individually in two spatial dimensions so that it can provide both sufficient laser intensity to excite the material to warm dense matter state and a uniform time window of up to 1 ps with sub-100 fs FWHM temporal resolution. Temporal evolution of AC conductivity in laser excited warm dense gold was also measured.

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4962057

    View details for Web of Science ID 000390242300263

    View details for PubMedID 27910393

  • The design of the optical Thomson scattering diagnostic for the National Ignition Facility REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Datte, P. S., Ross, J. S., Froula, D. H., Daub, K. D., Galbraith, J., Glenzer, S., Hatch, B., Katz, J., Kilkenny, J., Landen, O., Manha, D., Manuel, A. M., Molander, W., Montgomery, D., Moody, J., Swadling, G. F., Weaver, J. 2016; 87 (11)

    Abstract

    The National Ignition Facility (NIF) is a 192 laser beam facility designed to support the Stockpile Stewardship, High Energy Density and Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) programs. We report on the design of an Optical Thomson Scattering (OTS) diagnostic that has the potential to transform the community's understanding of NIF hohlraum physics by providing first principle, local, time-resolved measurements of under-dense plasma conditions. The system design allows operation with different probe laser wavelengths by manual selection of the appropriate beam splitter and gratings before the shot. A deep-UV probe beam (λ0-210 nm) will be used to optimize the scattered signal for plasma densities of 5 × 1020electrons/cm3while a 3ω probe will be used for experiments investigating lower density plasmas of 1 × 1019electrons/cm3. We report the phase I design of a two phase design strategy. Phase I includes the OTS telescope, spectrometer, and streak camera; these will be used to assess the background levels at NIF. Phase II will include the design and installation of a probe laser.

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4962043

    View details for Web of Science ID 000390242300264

    View details for PubMedID 27910656

  • Simulated performance of the optical Thomson scattering diagnostic designed for the National Ignition Facility REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Ross, J. S., Datte, P., Divol, L., Galbraith, J., Froula, D. H., Glenzer, S. H., Hatch, B., Katz, J., Kilkenny, J., Landen, O., Manuel, A. M., Molander, W., Montgomery, D. S., Moody, J. D., Swadling, G., Weaver, J. 2016; 87 (11)

    Abstract

    An optical Thomson scattering diagnostic has been designed for the National Ignition Facility to characterize under-dense plasmas. We report on the design of the system and the expected performance for different target configurations. The diagnostic is designed to spatially and temporally resolve the Thomson scattered light from laser driven targets. The diagnostic will collect scattered light from a 50 × 50 × 200 μm volume. The optical design allows operation with different probe laser wavelengths. A deep-UV probe beam (λ0= 210 nm) will be used to Thomson scatter from electron plasma densities of ∼5 × 1020cm-3while a 3ω probe will be used for plasma densities of ∼1 × 1019cm-3. The diagnostic package contains two spectrometers: the first to resolve Thomson scattering from ion acoustic wave fluctuations and the second to resolve scattering from electron plasma wave fluctuations. Expected signal levels relative to background will be presented for typical target configurations (hohlraums and a planar foil).

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4959568

    View details for Web of Science ID 000390242300225

    View details for PubMedID 27910648

  • High resolution x-ray Thomson scattering measurements from cryogenic hydrogen jets using the linac coherent light source REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Fletcher, L. B., Zastrau, U., Galtier, E., Gamboa, E. J., Goede, S., Schumaker, W., Ravasio, A., Gauthier, M., MacDonald, M. J., Chen, Z., Granados, E., Lee, H. J., FRY, A., Kim, J. B., Roedel, C., Mishra, R., PELKA, A., Kraus, D., Barbrel, B., Doppner, T., Glenzer, S. H. 2016; 87 (11)

    Abstract

    We present the first spectrally resolved measurements of x-rays scattered from cryogenic hydrogen jets in the single photon counting limit. The 120 Hz capabilities of the LCLS, together with a novel hydrogen jet design [J. B. Kim et al., Rev. Sci. Instrum. (these proceedings)], allow for the ability to record a near background free spectrum. Such high-dynamic-range x-ray scattering measurements enable a platform to study ultra-fast, laser-driven, heating dynamics of hydrogen plasmas. This measurement has been achieved using two highly annealed pyrolytic graphite crystal spectrometers to spectrally resolve 5.5 keV x-rays elastically and inelastically scattered from cryogenic hydrogen and focused on Cornell-SLAC pixel array detectors [S. Herrmann et al., Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 718, 550 (2013)].

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4959792

    View details for Web of Science ID 000390242300239

    View details for PubMedID 27910564

  • Measurement of high-dynamic range x-ray Thomson scattering spectra for the characterization of nano-plasmas at LCLS REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS MacDonald, M. J., Gorkhover, T., Bachmann, B., Bucher, M., Carron, S., Coffee, R. N., Drake, R. P., Ferguson, K. R., Fletcher, L. B., Gamboa, E. J., Glenzer, S. H., Gode, S., Hau-Riege, S. P., Kraus, D., Krzywinski, J., Levitan, A. L., Meiwes-Broer, K., O'Grady, C. P., Osipov, T., Pardini, T., Peltz, C., Skruszewicz, S., Swiggers, M., Bostedt, C., Fennel, T., Doppner, T. 2016; 87 (11)

    Abstract

    Atomic clusters can serve as ideal model systems for exploring ultrafast (∼100 fs) laser-driven ionization dynamics of dense matter on the nanometer scale. Resonant absorption of optical laser pulses enables heating to temperatures on the order of 1 keV at near solid density conditions. To date, direct probing of transient states of such nano-plasmas was limited to coherent x-ray imaging. Here we present the first measurement of spectrally resolved incoherent x-ray scattering from clusters, enabling measurements of transient temperature, densities, and ionization. Single shot x-ray Thomson scattering signals were recorded at 120 Hz using a crystal spectrometer in combination with a single-photon counting and energy-dispersive pnCCD. A precise pump laser collimation scheme enabled recording near background-free scattering spectra from Ar clusters with an unprecedented dynamic range of more than 3 orders of magnitude. Such measurements are important for understanding collective effects in laser-matter interactions on femtosecond time scales, opening new routes for the development of schemes for their ultrafast control.

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4960502

    View details for Web of Science ID 000390242300287

    View details for PubMedID 27910491

  • Development of a cryogenic hydrogen microjet for high-intensity, high-repetition rate experiments REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Kim, J. B., Gode, S., Glenzer, S. H. 2016; 87 (11)

    Abstract

    The advent of high-intensity, high-repetition-rate lasers has led to the need for replenishing targets of interest for high energy density sciences. We describe the design and characterization of a cryogenic microjet source, which can deliver a continuous stream of liquid hydrogen with a diameter of a few microns. The jet has been imaged at 1 μm resolution by shadowgraphy with a short pulse laser. The pointing stability has been measured at well below a mrad, for a stable free-standing filament of solid-density hydrogen.

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4961089

    View details for Web of Science ID 000390242300196

    View details for PubMedID 27910321

  • High-intensity laser-accelerated ion beam produced from cryogenic micro-jet target REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Gauthier, M., Kim, J. B., Curry, C. B., Aurand, B., Gamboa, E. J., Gode, S., Goyon, C., Hazi, A., Kerr, S., Pak, A., PROPP, A., Ramakrishna, B., Ruby, J., Willi, O., Williams, G. J., Roedel, C., Glenzer, S. H. 2016; 87 (11)

    Abstract

    We report on the successful operation of a newly developed cryogenic jet target at high intensity laser-irradiation. Using the frequency-doubled Titan short pulse laser system at Jupiter Laser Facility, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, we demonstrate the generation of a pure proton beam a with maximum energy of 2 MeV. Furthermore, we record a quasi-monoenergetic peak at 1.1 MeV in the proton spectrum emitted in the laser forward direction suggesting an alternative acceleration mechanism. Using a solid-density mixed hydrogen-deuterium target, we are also able to produce pure proton-deuteron ion beams. With its high purity, limited size, near-critical density, and high-repetition rate capability, this target is promising for future applications.

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4961270

    View details for Web of Science ID 000390242300111

    View details for PubMedID 27910336

  • Single-shot mega-electronvolt ultrafast electron diffraction for structure dynamic studies of warm dense matter REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Mo, M. Z., Shen, X., Chen, Z., Li, R. K., Dunning, M., Sokolowski-Tinten, K., Zheng, Q., WEATHERSBY, S. P., Reid, A. H., Coffee, R., Makasyuk, I., Edstrom, S., McCormick, D., Jobe, K., Hast, C., Glenzer, S. H., Wang, X. 2016; 87 (11)

    Abstract

    We have developed a single-shot mega-electronvolt ultrafast-electron-diffraction system to measure the structural dynamics of warm dense matter. The electron probe in this system is featured by a kinetic energy of 3.2 MeV and a total charge of 20 fC, with the FWHM pulse duration and spot size at sample of 350 fs and 120 μm respectively. We demonstrate its unique capability by visualizing the atomic structural changes of warm dense gold formed from a laser-excited 35-nm freestanding single-crystal gold foil. The temporal evolution of the Bragg peak intensity and of the liquid signal during solid-liquid phase transition are quantitatively determined. This experimental capability opens up an exciting opportunity to unravel the atomic dynamics of structural phase transitions in warm dense matter regime.

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4960070

    View details for Web of Science ID 000390242300094

    View details for PubMedID 27910490

  • Single-shot measurements of plasmons in compressed diamond with an x-ray laser (vol 22, 056319, 2015) PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Gamboa, E. J., Fletcher, L. B., Lee, H. J., Zastrau, U., Galtier, E., MacDonald, M. J., Gauthier, M., Vorberger, J., Gericke, D. O., Granados, E., Hastings, J. B., Glenzer, S. H. 2016; 23 (10)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4966204

    View details for Web of Science ID 000387445500127

  • Dual crystal x-ray spectrometer at 1.8 keV for high repetition-rate single-photon counting spectroscopy experiments JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION Gamboa, E. J., Bachmann, B., Kraus, D., MacDonald, M. J., Bucher, M., Carron, S., Coffee, R. N., Drake, R. P., Emig, J., Ferguson, K. R., Fletcher, L. B., Glenzer, S. H., Gorkhover, T., Hau-Riege, S. P., Krzywinski, J., Levitan, A. L., Meiwes-Broer, K., Osipov, T., Pardini, T., Peltz, C., Skruszewicz, S., Bostedt, C., Fennel, T., Doeppner, T. 2016; 11
  • X-ray scattering measurements on imploding CH spheres at the National Ignition Facility PHYSICAL REVIEW E Kraus, D., Chapman, D. A., Kritcher, A. L., Baggott, R. A., Bachmann, B., Collins, G. W., Glenzer, S. H., Hawreliak, J. A., Kalantar, D. H., Landen, O. L., Ma, T., Le Pape, S., Nilsen, J., Swift, D. C., Neumayer, P., Falcone, R. W., Gericke, D. O., Doeppner, T. 2016; 94 (1)
  • Tracking the density evolution in counter-propagating shock waves using imaging X-ray scattering APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS Zastrau, U., Gamboa, E. J., Kraus, D., Benage, J. F., Drake, R. P., Efthimion, P., Falk, K., Falcone, R. W., Fletcher, L. B., Galtier, E., Gauthier, M., Granados, E., Hastings, J. B., Heimann, P., Hill, K., Keiter, P. A., Lu, J., MacDonald, M. J., Montgomery, D. S., Nagler, B., Pablant, N., Schropp, A., Tobias, B., Gericke, D. O., Glenzer, S. H., Lee, H. J. 2016; 109 (3)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4959256

    View details for Web of Science ID 000381385900008

  • Absolute dosimetric characterization of Gafchromic EBT3 and HDv2 films using commercial flat-bed scanners and evaluation of the scanner response function variability. Review of scientific instruments Chen, S. N., Gauthier, M., Bazalova-Carter, M., Bolanos, S., Glenzer, S., Riquier, R., Revet, G., Antici, P., Morabito, A., PROPP, A., Starodubtsev, M., Fuchs, J. 2016; 87 (7): 073301-?

    Abstract

    Radiochromic films (RCF) are commonly used in dosimetry for a wide range of radiation sources (electrons, protons, and photons) for medical, industrial, and scientific applications. They are multi-layered, which includes plastic substrate layers and sensitive layers that incorporate a radiation-sensitive dye. Quantitative dose can be retrieved by digitizing the film, provided that a prior calibration exists. Here, to calibrate the newly developed EBT3 and HDv2 RCFs from Gafchromic™, we used the Stanford Medical LINAC to deposit in the films various doses of 10 MeV photons, and by scanning the films using three independent EPSON Precision 2450 scanners, three independent EPSON V750 scanners, and two independent EPSON 11000XL scanners. The films were scanned in separate RGB channels, as well as in black and white, and film orientation was varied. We found that the green channel of the RGB scan and the grayscale channel are in fact quite consistent over the different models of the scanner, although this comes at the cost of a reduction in sensitivity (by a factor ∼2.5 compared to the red channel). To allow any user to extend the absolute calibration reported here to any other scanner, we furthermore provide a calibration curve of the EPSON 2450 scanner based on absolutely calibrated, commercially available, optical density filters.

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4954921

    View details for PubMedID 27475550

  • Calculation of Debye-Scherrer diffraction patterns from highly stressed polycrystalline materials JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS MacDonald, M. J., Vorberger, J., Gamboa, E. J., Drake, R. P., Glenzer, S. H., Fletcher, L. B. 2016; 119 (21)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4953028

    View details for Web of Science ID 000378923100056

  • Matter under extreme conditions experiments at the Linac Coherent Light Source JOURNAL OF PHYSICS B-ATOMIC MOLECULAR AND OPTICAL PHYSICS Glenzer, S. H., Fletcher, L. B., Galtier, E., Nagler, B., Alonso-Mori, R., Barbrel, B., Brown, S. B., Chapman, D. A., Chen, Z., Curry, C. B., Fiuza, F., Gamboa, E., Gauthier, M., Gericke, D. O., Gleason, A., Goede, S., Granados, E., Heimann, P., Kim, J., Kraus, D., MacDonald, M. J., MacKinnon, A. J., Mishra, R., Ravasio, A., Roedel, C., Sperling, P., Schumaker, W., Tsui, Y. Y., Vorberger, J., Zastrau, U., FRY, A., White, W. E., Hasting, J. B., Lee, H. J. 2016; 49 (9)
  • X-ray scattering measurements of dissociation-induced metallization of dynamically compressed deuterium NATURE COMMUNICATIONS Davis, P., Doppner, T., Rygg, J. R., FORTMANN, C., Divol, L., Pak, A., Fletcher, L., Becker, A., Holst, B., Sperling, P., Redmer, R., Desjarlais, M. P., Celliers, P., Collins, G. W., Landen, O. L., Falcone, R. W., Glenzer, S. H. 2016; 7

    Abstract

    Hydrogen, the simplest element in the universe, has a surprisingly complex phase diagram. Because of applications to planetary science, inertial confinement fusion and fundamental physics, its high-pressure properties have been the subject of intense study over the past two decades. While sophisticated static experiments have probed hydrogen's structure at ever higher pressures, studies examining the higher-temperature regime using dynamic compression have mostly been limited to optical measurement techniques. Here we present spectrally resolved x-ray scattering measurements from plasmons in dynamically compressed deuterium. Combined with Compton scattering, and velocity interferometry to determine shock pressure and mass density, this allows us to extract ionization state as a function of compression. The onset of ionization occurs close in pressure to where density functional theory-molecular dynamics (DFT-MD) simulations show molecular dissociation, suggesting hydrogen transitions from a molecular and insulating fluid to a conducting state without passing through an intermediate atomic phase.

    View details for DOI 10.1038/ncomms11189

    View details for Web of Science ID 000374120600001

    View details for PubMedID 27079420

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC4835540

  • A direct-drive exploding-pusher implosion as the first step in development of a monoenergetic charged-particle backlighting platform at the National Ignition Facility HIGH ENERGY DENSITY PHYSICS Rosenberg, M. J., Zylstra, A. B., Seguin, F. H., Rinderknecht, H. G., Frenje, J. A., Johnson, M. G., SIO, H., WAUGH, C. J., Sinenian, N., Li, C. K., Petrasso, R. D., Lepape, S., Ma, T., MacKinnon, A. J., Rygg, J. R., Amendt, P. A., Bellei, C., Benedetti, L. R., Hopkins, L. B., Bionta, R. M., Casey, D. T., Divol, L., Edwards, M. J., Glenn, S., Glenzer, S. H., Hicks, D. G., Kimbrough, J. R., Landen, O. L., Lindl, J. D., MacPhee, A., McNaney, J. M., Meezan, N. B., Moody, J. D., Moran, M. J., Park, H., Pino, J., Remington, B. A., Robey, H., Rosen, M. D., Wilks, S. C., Zacharias, R. A., McKenty, P. W., Hohenberger, M., Radha, P. B., Edgell, D., Marshall, F. J., Delettrez, J. A., Glebov, V. Y., Betti, R., Goncharov, V. N., Knauer, J. P., Sangster, T. C., Herrmann, H. W., Hoffman, N. M., Kyrala, G. A., Leeper, R. J., Olson, R. E., Kilkenny, J. D., Nikroo, A. 2016; 18: 38-44
  • Nanosecond formation of diamond and lonsdaleite by shock compression of graphite NATURE COMMUNICATIONS Kraus, D., Ravasio, A., Gauthier, M., Gericke, D. O., Vorberger, J., Frydrych, S., Helfrich, J., Fletcher, L. B., Schaumann, G., Nagler, B., Barbrel, B., Bachmann, B., Gamboa, E. J., Goede, S., Granados, E., Gregori, G., Lee, H. J., Neumayer, P., Schumaker, W., Doeppner, T., Falcone, R. W., Glenzer, S. H., Roth, M. 2016; 7

    Abstract

    The shock-induced transition from graphite to diamond has been of great scientific and technological interest since the discovery of microscopic diamonds in remnants of explosively driven graphite. Furthermore, shock synthesis of diamond and lonsdaleite, a speculative hexagonal carbon polymorph with unique hardness, is expected to happen during violent meteor impacts. Here, we show unprecedented in situ X-ray diffraction measurements of diamond formation on nanosecond timescales by shock compression of pyrolytic as well as polycrystalline graphite to pressures from 19 GPa up to 228 GPa. While we observe the transition to diamond starting at 50 GPa for both pyrolytic and polycrystalline graphite, we also record the direct formation of lonsdaleite above 170 GPa for pyrolytic samples only. Our experiment provides new insights into the processes of the shock-induced transition from graphite to diamond and uniquely resolves the dynamics that explain the main natural occurrence of the lonsdaleite crystal structure being close to meteor impact sites.

    View details for DOI 10.1038/ncomms10970

    View details for Web of Science ID 000372186800001

    View details for PubMedID 26972122

  • Resonance between heat-carrying electrons and Langmuir waves in inertial confinement fusion plasmas PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Rozmus, W., Chapman, T., Brantov, A., Winjum, B. J., Berger, R. L., Brunner, S., Bychenkov, V. Y., Tableman, A., Tzoufras, M., Glenzer, S. 2016; 23 (1)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4939603

    View details for Web of Science ID 000375853700040

  • Development of a WDM platform for charged-particle stopping experiments 9TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INERTIAL FUSION SCIENCES AND APPLICATIONS (IFSA 2015) Zylstra, A. B., Frenje, J. A., Grabowski, P. E., Li, C. K., Collins, G. W., Fitzsimmons, P., Glenzer, S., Graziani, F., Hansen, S. B., Hu, S. X., Johnson, M. G., Keiter, P., Reynolds, H., Rygg, J. R., Seguin, F. H., Petrasso, R. D. 2016; 717
  • High-Energy Density science at the Linac Coherent Light Source 8TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INERTIAL FUSION SCIENCES AND APPLICATIONS (IFSA 2013) Glenzer, S. H., Fletcher, L. B., Hastings, J. B. 2016; 688
  • Hydrodynamic instabilities and mix studies on NIF: predictions, observations, and a path forward 8TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INERTIAL FUSION SCIENCES AND APPLICATIONS (IFSA 2013) Remington, B. A., Atherton, L. J., Benedetti, L. R., Berzak-Hopkins, L., Bradley, D. K., Callahan, D. A., Casey, D. T., Celliers, P. M., Cerjan, C. J., Clark, D. S., Dewald, E. L., Dittrich, T. R., Dixit, S. N., Doeppner, T., Edgell, D. H., Edwards, M. J., Epstein, R., Frenje, J., Gatu-Johnson, M., Glenn, S., Glenzer, S. H., Grim, G., Haan, S. W., Hammel, B. A., Hamza, A., Hicks, D., Hsing, W. W., Hurricane, O., Izumi, N., Jones, O. S., Key, M. H., Khan, S. F., Kilkenny, J. D., Kline, J. L., Kyrala, G. A., Landen, O. L., Le Pape, S., Lindl, J. D., Ma, T., MacGowan, B. J., MacKinnon, A. J., MacPhee, A. G., Meezan, N. B., Moody, J. D., Moses, E. I., Nikroo, A., Pak, A., Parham, T., Park, H., Patel, P. K., Petrasso, R., Pino, J., Ralph, J. E., Raman, K., Regan, S. P., Robey, H. F., Ross, J. S., Spears, B. K., Smalyuk, V. A., Springer, P. T., Suter, L. J., Tipton, R., Tommasini, R., Town, R. P., Weber, S. V. 2016; 688
  • Shock Hugoniot measurements of CH at Gbar pressures at the NIF 8TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INERTIAL FUSION SCIENCES AND APPLICATIONS (IFSA 2013) Kritcher, A. L., Doeppner, T., Swift, D., Hawreliak, J., Nilsen, J., Hammer, J., Bachmann, B., Collins, G., Landen, O., Keane, C., Glenzer, S., Rothman, S., Chapman, D., Kraus, D., Falcone, R. W. 2016; 688
  • The preliminary design of the optical Thomson scattering diagnostic for the National Ignition Facility 9TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INERTIAL FUSION SCIENCES AND APPLICATIONS (IFSA 2015) Datte, P., Ross, J. S., Froula, D., Galbraith, J., Glenzer, S., Hatch, B., Kilkenny, J., Landen, O., Manuel, A. M., Molander, W., Montgomery, D., Moody, J., Swadling, G., Weaver, J., de Dios, G. V., Vitalich, M. 2016; 717
  • Platform for spectrally resolved x-ray scattering from imploding capsules at the National Ignition Facility 9TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INERTIAL FUSION SCIENCES AND APPLICATIONS (IFSA 2015) Kraus, D., Doppner, T., Kritcher, A. L., Yi, A., Boehm, K., Bachmann, B., Divol, L., Fletcher, L. B., Glenzer, S. H., Landen, O. L., Masters, N., Saunders, A. M., Weber, C., Falcone, R. W., Neumayer, P. 2016; 717
  • Ultrafast electron kinetics in short pulse laser-driven dense hydrogen JOURNAL OF PHYSICS B-ATOMIC MOLECULAR AND OPTICAL PHYSICS Zastrau, U., Sperling, P., Fortmann-Grote, C., Becker, A., Bornath, T., Bredow, R., Doeppner, T., Fennel, T., Fletcher, L. B., Foerster, E., Goede, S., Gregori, G., Harmand, M., Hilbert, V., Laarmann, T., Lee, H. J., Ma, T., Meiwes-Broer, K. H., Mithen, J. P., Murphy, C. D., Nakatsutsumi, M., Neumayer, P., Przystawik, A., Skruszewicz, S., Tiggesbaeumker, J., Toleikis, S., WHITE, T. G., Glenzer, S. H., Redmer, R., Tschentscher, T. 2015; 48 (22)
  • Free-Electron X-Ray Laser Measurements of Collisional-Damped Plasmons in Isochorically Heated Warm Dense Matter PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Sperling, P., Gamboa, E. J., Lee, H. J., Chung, H. K., Galtier, E., Omarbakiyeva, Y., Reinholz, H., Roepke, G., Zastrau, U., Hastings, J., Fletcher, L. B., Glenzer, S. H. 2015; 115 (11)

    Abstract

    We present the first highly resolved measurements of the plasmon spectrum in an ultrafast heated solid. Multi-keV x-ray photons from the Linac Coherent Light Source have been focused to one micrometer diameter focal spots producing solid density aluminum plasmas with a known electron density of n_{e}=1.8×10^{23}  cm^{-3}. Detailed balance is observed through the intensity ratio of up- and down-shifted plasmons in x-ray forward scattering spectra measuring the electron temperature. The plasmon damping is treated by electron-ion collision models beyond the Born approximation to determine the electrical conductivity of warm dense aluminum.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.115.115001

    View details for Web of Science ID 000360894300009

    View details for PubMedID 26406836

  • Ab initio calculation of the ion feature in x-ray Thomson scattering PHYSICAL REVIEW E Plagemann, K., Rueter, H. R., Bornath, T., Shihab, M., Desjarlais, M. P., Fortmann, C., Glenzer, S. H., Redmer, R. 2015; 92 (1)

    Abstract

    The spectrum of x-ray Thomson scattering is proportional to the dynamic structure factor. An important contribution is the ion feature which describes elastic scattering of x rays off electrons. We apply an ab initio method for the calculation of the form factor of bound electrons, the slope of the screening cloud of free electrons, and the ion-ion structure factor in warm dense beryllium. With the presented method we can calculate the ion feature from first principles. These results will facilitate a better understanding of x-ray scattering in warm dense matter and an accurate measurement of ion temperatures which would allow determining nonequilibrium conditions, e.g., along shock propagation.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevE.92.013103

    View details for Web of Science ID 000357497800029

    View details for PubMedID 26274290

  • X-ray Thomson scattering diagnostics of impact ionization in laser-driven carbon foils JOURNAL OF PHYSICS B-ATOMIC MOLECULAR AND OPTICAL PHYSICS Sperling, P., Zastrau, U., Toleikis, S., Glenzer, S. H., Redmer, R. 2015; 48 (12)
  • Measurement of Charged-Particle Stopping in Warm Dense Plasma PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Zylstra, A. B., Frenje, J. A., Grabowski, P. E., Li, C. K., Collins, G. W., Fitzsimmons, P., Glenzer, S., Graziani, F., Hansen, S. B., Hu, S. X., Johnson, M. G., Keiter, P., Reynolds, H., Rygg, J. R., Seguin, F. H., Petrasso, R. D. 2015; 114 (21)

    Abstract

    We measured the stopping of energetic protons in an isochorically heated solid-density Be plasma with an electron temperature of ∼32  eV, corresponding to moderately coupled [(e^{2}/a)/(k_{B}T_{e}+E_{F})∼0.3] and moderately degenerate [k_{B}T_{e}/E_{F}∼2] "warm-dense matter" (WDM) conditions. We present the first high-accuracy measurements of charged-particle energy loss through dense plasma, which shows an increased loss relative to cold matter, consistent with a reduced mean ionization potential. The data agree with stopping models based on an ad hoc treatment of free and bound electrons, as well as the average-atom local-density approximation; this work is the first test of these theories in WDM plasma.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.114.215002

    View details for Web of Science ID 000355101300013

    View details for PubMedID 26066441

  • Single-shot measurements of plasmons in compressed diamond with an x-ray laser PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Gamboa, E. J., Fletcher, L. B., Lee, H. J., Zastrau, U., Galtier, E., MacDonald, M. J., Gauthier, M., Vorberger, J., Gericke, D. O., Granados, E., Hastings, J. B., Glenzer, S. H. 2015; 22 (5)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4921407

    View details for Web of Science ID 000355794300144

  • The complex ion structure of warm dense carbon measured by spectrally resolved x-ray scattering PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Kraus, D., Vorberger, J., Helfrich, J., Gericke, D. O., Bachmann, B., Bagnoud, V., Barbrel, B., Blazevic, A., Carroll, D. C., Cayzac, W., Doeppner, T., Fletcher, L. B., Frank, A., Frydrych, S., Gamboa, E. J., Gauthier, M., Goede, S., Granados, E., Gregori, G., HARTLEY, N. J., KETTLE, B., Lee, H. J., Nagler, B., Neumayer, P., Notley, M. M., Ortner, A., Otten, A., Ravasio, A., Riley, D., Roth, F., Schaumann, G., Schumacher, D., Schumaker, W., Siegenthaler, K., Spindloe, C., WAGNER, F., Wuensch, K., Glenzer, S. H., Roth, M., Falcone, R. W. 2015; 22 (5)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4920943

    View details for Web of Science ID 000355794300132

  • Ultrabright X-ray laser scattering for dynamic warm dense matter physics NATURE PHOTONICS Fletcher, L. B., Lee, H. J., Doeppner, T., Galtier, E., Nagler, B., Heimann, P., FORTMANN, C., Lepape, S., Ma, T., Millot, M., Pak, A., Turnbull, D., Chapman, D. A., Gericke, D. O., Vorberger, J., White, T., Gregori, G., Wei, M., Barbrel, B., Falcone, R. W., Kao, C., Nuhn, H., Welch, J., Zastrau, U., Neumayer, P., Hastings, J. B., Glenzer, S. H. 2015; 9 (4): 274-279
  • Observation of finite-wavelength screening in high-energy-density matter NATURE COMMUNICATIONS Chapman, D. A., Vorberger, J., Fletcher, L. B., Baggott, R. A., Divol, L., Doeppner, T., Falcone, R. W., Glenzer, S. H., Gregori, G., Guymer, T. M., Kritcher, A. L., Landen, O. L., Ma, T., Pak, A. E., Gericke, D. O. 2015; 6

    Abstract

    A key component for the description of charged particle systems is the screening of the Coulomb interaction between charge carriers. First investigated in the 1920s by Debye and Hückel for electrolytes, charge screening is important for determining the structural and transport properties of matter as diverse as astrophysical and laboratory plasmas, nuclear matter such as quark-gluon plasmas, electrons in solids, planetary cores and charged macromolecules. For systems with negligible dynamics, screening is still mostly described using a Debye-Hückel-type approach. Here, we report the novel observation of a significant departure from the Debye-Hückel-type model in high-energy-density matter by probing laser-driven, shock-compressed plastic with high-energy X-rays. We use spectrally resolved X-ray scattering in a geometry that enables direct investigation of the screening cloud, and demonstrate that the observed elastic scattering amplitude is only well described within a more general approach.

    View details for DOI 10.1038/ncomms7839

    View details for Web of Science ID 000353703400006

    View details for PubMedID 25904218

  • Beyond the gain exponent: Effect of damping, scale length, and speckle length on stimulated scatter PHYSICAL REVIEW E Berger, R. L., Suter, L. J., Divol, L., London, R. A., Chapman, T., Froula, D. H., Meezan, N. B., Neumayer, P., Glenzer, S. H. 2015; 91 (3)

    Abstract

    Three-dimensional wave propagation simulations and experiments show that the gain exponent, an often used metric to assess the likelihood of stimulated Brillouin scatter, is insufficient and must be augmented with another parameter, Nr, the ratio of the resonance length, Lres, to the laser speckle length. The damping rate of ion acoustic waves, ν, and thus Lres, which is proportional to ν, are easily varied with plasma species composition, e.g., by varying the ratio of hydrogen and carbon ions. As Nr decreases, stimulated Brillouin scattering increases despite the same gain exponent.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevE.91.031103

    View details for Web of Science ID 000351433400002

    View details for PubMedID 25871045

  • Electron-ion temperature equilibration in warm dense tantalum HIGH ENERGY DENSITY PHYSICS Hartley, N. J., Belancourt, P., Chapman, D. A., Doeppner, T., Drake, R. P., Gericke, D. O., Glenzer, S. H., Khaghani, D., Lepape, S., Ma, T., Neumayer, P., Pak, A., Peters, L., Richardson, S., Vorberger, J., WHITE, T. G., Gregori, G. 2015; 14: 1-5
  • Betatron radiation from laser plasma accelerators LASER ACCELERATION OF ELECTRONS, PROTONS, AND IONS III; AND MEDICAL APPLICATIONS OF LASER-GENERATED BEAMS OF PARTICLES III Albert, F., Pollock, B. B., Shaw, J., Marsh, K. A., Ralph, J. E., Pak, A., Clayton, C. E., Glenzer, S. H., Joshi, C. 2015; 9514

    View details for DOI 10.1117/12.2178685

    View details for Web of Science ID 000357019800011

  • Review of the National Ignition Campaign 2009-2012 (vol 21, 020501, 2014) PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Lindl, J. D., Landen, O. L., Edwards, J., Moses, E. I., Adams, J., Amendt, P. A., Antipa, N., Arnold, P. A., Atherton, L. J., Azevedo, S., Barker, D., Barrios, M. A., Bass, I., Baxamusa, S. H., BEELER, R., Beeman, B. V., Bell, P. M., Benedetti, L. R., Bernstein, L., Hopkins, L. B., BHANDARKAR, S. D., Biesiada, T., Bionta, R. M., Bleuel, D. L., Bond, E. J., Borden, M., Bowers, M. W., Bradley, D. K., Browning, D., Brunton, G. K., Bude, J., Burkhart, S. C., BURR, R. F., Butlin, B., Caggiano, J. A., Callahan, D. A., Carpenter, A. C., Carr, C. W., Casey, D. T., Castro, C., Celeste, J., Celliers, P. M., Cerjan, C. J., Chang, J., Chiarappa-Zucca, M., Choate, C., Clancy, T. J., Clark, D. S., Cohen, S. J., Collins, G. W., CONDER, A., Cox, J. R., Datte, P. S., DEIS, G. A., Dewald, E. L., Di Nicola, P., Di Nicola, J. M., Divol, L., Dixit, S. N., Doeppner, T., Draggoo, V., Drury, O., Dylla-Spears, R., Dzenitis, E. G., Dzenitis, J. M., Eckart, M. J., Eder, D. C., Eggert, J. H., Ehrlich, R. B., Erbert, G. V., Fair, J., Farley, D. R., Fedorov, M., Felker, B., FINUCANE, R., Fisher, A., Fittinghoff, D. N., FOLTA, J., FORTNER, R. J., Frazier, T., Frieders, G., Frieders, S., Friedrich, S., Fry, J., GAYLORD, J., Glenn, S. M., Glenzer, S. H., Golick, B., Gururangan, G., GUSS, G., Haan, S. W., Haid, B. J., Hammel, B., Hamza, A. V., Hartouni, E. P., Hatarik, R., Hatch, B. W., Hatchett, S. P., Hawley, R., Haynam, C., Heebner, J., Heestand, G., Hermann, M. R., Hernandez, V. J., Hicks, D. G., Hinkel, D. E., Ho, D. D., Holder, J. P., Holunga, D., Honig, J., Horner, J., House, R. K., Hutton, M., Izumi, N., Jackson, M. C., Jancaitis, K. S., JEDLOVEC, D. R., Johnson, M. A., Jones, O. S., Kalantar, D. H., Kauffman, R. L., Kegelmeyer, L., KERBEL, G., Key, M., Khan, S. F., Kimbrough, J. R., Kirkwood, R., Klingman, J. J., Koch, J. A., Kohut, T. R., Koning, J. M., Knittel, K. M., Kozioziemski, B. J., Krauter, G. W., Krauter, K., Kritcher, A., Kroll, J., Kruer, W. L., LaCaille, G., LaFortune, K. N., LAGIN, L. J., Land, T. A., Langdon, A. B., Langer, S. H., Larson, D. W., LaTray, D. A., Laurence, T., Lepape, S., Lerche, R. A., Liao, Z., Liebman, J., London, R. A., Lowe-Webb, R. R., Ma, T., MacGowan, B. J., MacKinnon, A. J., MacPhee, A. G., Malsbury, T. N., Manes, K., Manuel, A. M., Mapoles, E. R., Marinak, M. M., Marshall, C. D., Mason, D., Masters, N., Mathisen, D. G., Matthews, I., McCarville, T., McNaney, J. M., MEEKER, D. J., Meezan, N. B., Menapace, J., Michel, P., Miller, P. E., Milovich, J. L., Mintz, M., Montesanti, R., Monticelli, M., Moody, J. D., Moran, M. J., Moreno, J. C., Munro, D. H., Negres, R. A., Nelson, J. R., Norton, M., Nostrand, M., O'Brien, M., Opachich, Y. P., Orth, C., Pak, A. E., Palma, E. S., Palmer, J. N., Parham, T. G., Park, H., Patel, P. K., Patterson, R. W., Peterson, J. E., Peterson, J. L., Phillips, T., Prasad, R., PRIMDAHL, K., Prisbrey, S. T., Qiu, S. R., Ralph, J. E., Raman, K. S., Ravizza, F., Raymond, B., Remington, B. A., Rever, M. A., Reynolds, J., Richardson, M. J., RIDDLE, A. C., Rittmann, B., Rosen, M. D., Ross, J. S., Rygg, J. R., Sacks, R. A., Salmon, J. T., Salmonson, J. D., Sater, J. D., Saunders, R. L., Sawicki, R., Schaffers, K., Schneider, D. H., Schneider, M. B., Scott, H. A., Sepke, S. M., Seugling, R., Shaughnessy, D. A., Shaw, M. J., Shelton, R., Shen, N., Shingleton, N., Simanovskaia, N., Smalyuk, V., Smauley, D. A., Spaeth, M., Spears, B. K., Speck, D. R., Spinka, T. M., Springer, P. T., Stadermann, M., Stoeffl, W., Stolken, J., Stolz, C., Storm, E., Strozzi, D. J., Suratwala, T., Suter, L. J., Taylor, J. S., Thomas, C. A., Tietbohl, G. L., Tommasini, R., Trummer, D., VANWONTERGHEM, B., von Rotz, R., Wallace, R. J., Walters, C. F., Wang, A., Warrick, A. L., Weaver, S., Weber, S. V., Wegner, P. J., Widmann, K., Widmayer, C. C., Williams, E. A., Whitman, P. K., Wilhelmsen, K., Witte, M., Wong, L., Wood, R. D., Yang, S., Yeamans, C., Young, B. K., Yoxall, B., Zacharias, R. A., Zimmerman, G. B., Batha, S., Danly, C. R., Fatherley, V., Grim, G. P., Guler, N., Herrmann, H. W., Kim, Y., Kline, J. L., Kyrala, G. A., Leeper, R. J., Martinson, D., Merrill, F. E., Olson, R. E., Wilde, C., Wilke, M. D., Wilson, D. C., Chandler, G. A., Cooper, G. W., Hahn, K. D., Peterson, K. J., Ruiz, C. L., Chen, K. C., Dorsano, N., Emerich, M., Gibson, C., Hoover, D., HOPPE, M., Kilkenny, J. D., Moreno, K., Wilkens, H., Woods, S., Frenje, J. A., Johnson, M. G., Li, C. K., Petrasso, R. D., Rinderknecht, H., Rosenberg, M., Seguin, F. H., Zylstra, A., Garbett, W., Graham, P., Guymer, T., Moore, A. S., Bourgade, J., Gauthier, P., Leidinger, J., Masse, L., Philippe, F., Scott, R. H. 2014; 21 (12)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4903459

    View details for Web of Science ID 000347162700118

  • Investigation of ion kinetic effects in direct-drive exploding-pusher implosions at the NIF PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Rosenberg, M. J., Zylstra, A. B., Seguin, F. H., Rinderknecht, H. G., Frenje, J. A., Johnson, M. G., SIO, H., WAUGH, C. J., Sinenian, N., Li, C. K., Petrasso, R. D., McKenty, P. W., Hohenberger, M., Radha, P. B., Delettrez, J. A., Glebov, V. Y., Betti, R., Goncharov, V. N., Knauer, J. P., Sangster, T. C., Lepape, S., MacKinnon, A. J., Pino, J., McNaney, J. M., Rygg, J. R., Amendt, P. A., Bellei, C., Benedetti, L. R., Hopkins, L. B., Bionta, R. M., Casey, D. T., Divol, L., Edwards, M. J., Glenn, S., Glenzer, S. H., Hicks, D. G., Kimbrough, J. R., Landen, O. L., Lindl, J. D., Ma, T., MacPhee, A., Meezan, N. B., Moody, J. D., Moran, M. J., Park, H., Remington, B. A., Robey, H., Rosen, M. D., Wilks, S. C., Zacharias, R. A., Herrmann, H. W., Hoffman, N. M., Kyrala, G. A., Leeper, R. J., Olson, R. E., Kilkenny, J. D., Nikroo, A. 2014; 21 (12)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4905064

    View details for Web of Science ID 000347162700067

  • New experimental platform to study high density laser-compressed matter REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Gauthier, M., Fletcher, L. B., Ravasio, A., Galtier, E., Gamboa, E. J., Granados, E., Hastings, J. B., Heimann, P., Lee, H. J., Nagler, B., Schropp, A., Gleason, A., Doeppner, T., Lepape, S., Ma, T., Pak, A., MacDonald, M. J., Ali, S., Barbrel, B., Falcone, R., Kraus, D., Chen, Z., Mo, M., Wei, M., Glenzer, S. H. 2014; 85 (11)

    Abstract

    We have developed a new experimental platform at the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) which combines simultaneous angularly and spectrally resolved x-ray scattering measurements. This technique offers a new insights on the structural and thermodynamic properties of warm dense matter. The < 50 fs temporal duration of the x-ray pulse provides near instantaneous snapshots of the dynamics of the compression. We present a proof of principle experiment for this platform to characterize a shock-compressed plastic foil. We observe the disappearance of the plastic semi-crystal structure and the formation of a compressed liquid ion-ion correlation peak. The plasma parameters of shock-compressed plastic can be measured as well, but requires an averaging over a few tens of shots.

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4896175

    View details for Web of Science ID 000345646000203

  • The effect of shock dynamics on compressibility of ignition-scale National Ignition Facility implosions PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Zylstra, A. B., Frenje, J. A., Seguin, F. H., Hicks, D. G., Dewald, E. L., Robey, H. F., Rygg, J. R., Meezan, N. B., Rosenberg, M. J., Rinderknecht, H. G., Friedrich, S., Bionta, R., Olson, R., Atherton, J., Barrios, M., Bell, P., Benedetti, R., Hopkins, L. B., Betti, R., Bradley, D., Callahan, D., Casey, D., Collins, G., Dixit, S., Doeppner, T., Edgell, D., Edwards, M. J., Johnson, M. G., Glenn, S., Glenzer, S., Grim, G., Hatchett, S., Jones, O., Khan, S., Kilkenny, J., Kline, J., Knauer, J., Kritcher, A., Kyrala, G., Landen, O., Lepape, S., Li, C. K., Lindl, J., Ma, T., Mackinnon, A., MacPhee, A., Manuel, M. E., MEYERHOFER, D., Moody, J., Moses, E., Nagel, S. R., Nikroo, A., Pak, A., Parham, T., Petrasso, R. D., Prasad, R., Ralph, J., Rosen, M., Ross, J. S., Sangster, T. C., Sepke, S., Sinenian, N., Sio, H. W., Spears, B., Springer, P., Tommasini, R., Town, R., Weber, S., Wilson, D., Zacharias, R. 2014; 21 (11)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4900621

    View details for Web of Science ID 000345644200040

  • New experimental platform to study high density laser-compressed matter. Review of scientific instruments Gauthier, M., Fletcher, L. B., Ravasio, A., Galtier, E., Gamboa, E. J., Granados, E., Hastings, J. B., Heimann, P., Lee, H. J., Nagler, B., Schropp, A., Gleason, A., Döppner, T., Lepape, S., Ma, T., Pak, A., MacDonald, M. J., Ali, S., Barbrel, B., Falcone, R., Kraus, D., Chen, Z., Mo, M., Wei, M., Glenzer, S. H. 2014; 85 (11): 11E616-?

    Abstract

    We have developed a new experimental platform at the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) which combines simultaneous angularly and spectrally resolved x-ray scattering measurements. This technique offers a new insights on the structural and thermodynamic properties of warm dense matter. The < 50 fs temporal duration of the x-ray pulse provides near instantaneous snapshots of the dynamics of the compression. We present a proof of principle experiment for this platform to characterize a shock-compressed plastic foil. We observe the disappearance of the plastic semi-crystal structure and the formation of a compressed liquid ion-ion correlation peak. The plasma parameters of shock-compressed plastic can be measured as well, but requires an averaging over a few tens of shots.

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4896175

    View details for PubMedID 25430362

  • Bent crystal spectrometer for both frequency and wavenumber resolved x-ray scattering at a seeded free-electron laser. Review of scientific instruments Zastrau, U., Fletcher, L. B., Förster, E., Galtier, E. C., Gamboa, E., Glenzer, S. H., Heimann, P., Marschner, H., Nagler, B., Schropp, A., Wehrhan, O., Lee, H. J. 2014; 85 (9): 093106-?

    Abstract

    We present a cylindrically curved GaAs x-ray spectrometer with energy resolution ΔE/E = 1.1 × 10(-4) and wave-number resolution of Δk/k = 3 × 10(-3), allowing plasmon scattering at the resolution limits of the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) x-ray free-electron laser. It spans scattering wavenumbers of 3.6 to 5.2/Å in 100 separate bins, with only 0.34% wavenumber blurring. The dispersion of 0.418 eV/13.5 μm agrees with predictions within 1.3%. The reflection homogeneity over the entire wavenumber range was measured and used to normalize the amplitude of scattering spectra. The proposed spectrometer is superior to a mosaic highly annealed pyrolytic graphite spectrometer when the energy resolution needs to be comparable to the LCLS seeded bandwidth of 1 eV and a significant range of wavenumbers must be covered in one exposure.

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4894821

    View details for PubMedID 25273706

  • Bent crystal spectrometer for both frequency and wavenumber resolved x-ray scattering at a seeded free-electron laser REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Zastrau, U., Fletcher, L. B., Foerster, E., Galtier, E. C., Gamboa, E., Glenzer, S. H., Heimann, P., Marschner, H., Nagler, B., Schropp, A., Wehrhan, O., Lee, H. J. 2014; 85 (9)

    Abstract

    We present a cylindrically curved GaAs x-ray spectrometer with energy resolution ΔE/E = 1.1 × 10(-4) and wave-number resolution of Δk/k = 3 × 10(-3), allowing plasmon scattering at the resolution limits of the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) x-ray free-electron laser. It spans scattering wavenumbers of 3.6 to 5.2/Å in 100 separate bins, with only 0.34% wavenumber blurring. The dispersion of 0.418 eV/13.5 μm agrees with predictions within 1.3%. The reflection homogeneity over the entire wavenumber range was measured and used to normalize the amplitude of scattering spectra. The proposed spectrometer is superior to a mosaic highly annealed pyrolytic graphite spectrometer when the energy resolution needs to be comparable to the LCLS seeded bandwidth of 1 eV and a significant range of wavenumbers must be covered in one exposure.

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4894821

    View details for Web of Science ID 000342910500007

  • Measuring the angular dependence of betatron x-ray spectra in a laser-wakefield accelerator PLASMA PHYSICS AND CONTROLLED FUSION Albert, F., Pollock, B. B., Shaw, J. L., Marsh, K. A., Ralph, J. E., Chen, Y., Alessi, D., Pak, A., Clayton, C. E., Glenzer, S. H., Joshi, C. 2014; 56 (8)
  • Progress in hohlraum physics for the National Ignition Facility PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Moody, J. D., Callahan, D. A., Hinkel, D. E., Amendt, P. A., Baker, K. L., Bradley, D., Celliers, P. M., Dewald, E. L., Divol, L., Doeppner, T., Eder, D. C., Edwards, M. J., Jones, O., Haan, S. W., Ho, D., Hopkins, L. B., Izumi, N., Kalantar, D., Kauffman, R. L., Kilkenny, J. D., Landen, O., Lasinski, B., Lepape, S., Ma, T., MacGowan, B. J., MacLaren, S. A., MacKinnon, A. J., Meeker, D., Meezan, N., Michel, P., Milovich, J. L., Munro, D., Pak, A. E., Rosen, M., Ralph, J., Robey, H. F., Ross, J. S., Schneider, M. B., Strozzi, D., Storm, E., Thomas, C., Town, R. P., Widmann, K. L., Kline, J., Kyrala, G., Nikroo, A., Boehly, T., Moore, A. S., Glenzer, S. H. 2014; 21 (5)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4876966

    View details for Web of Science ID 000337107200126

  • Angular Dependence of Betatron X-Ray Spectra from a Laser-Wakefield Accelerator PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Albert, F., Pollock, B. B., Shaw, J. L., Marsh, K. A., Ralph, J. E., Chen, Y., Alessi, D., Pak, A., Clayton, C. E., Glenzer, S. H., Joshi, C. 2013; 111 (23)

    Abstract

    We present the first measurements of the angular dependence of the betatron x-ray spectrum produced by electrons inside the cavity of a laser-wakefield accelerator. Electrons accelerated up to 300 MeV energies produce a beam of broadband, forward-directed betatron x-ray radiation extending up to 80 keV. The angular resolved spectrum from an image plate-based spectrometer with differential filtering provides data in a single laser shot. The simultaneous spectral and spatial x-ray analysis allows for a three-dimensional reconstruction of electron trajectories with micrometer resolution, and we find that the angular dependence of the x-ray spectrum is showing strong evidence of anisotropic electron trajectories.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.235004

    View details for Web of Science ID 000328616300021

    View details for PubMedID 24476282

  • Plasmon measurements with a seeded x-ray laser 16th International Symposium on Laser-Aided Plasma Diagnostics Fletcher, L. B., Galtier, E., Heimann, P., Lee, H. J., Nagler, B., Welch, J., Zastrau, U., Hastings, J. B., Glenzer, S. H. IOP PUBLISHING LTD. 2013
  • Raman Backscatter as a Remote Laser Power Sensor in High-Energy-Density Plasmas PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Moody, J. D., Strozzi, D. J., Divol, L., Michel, P., Robey, H. F., Lepape, S., Ralph, J., Ross, J. S., Glenzer, S. H., Kirkwood, R. K., Landen, O. L., MacGowan, B. J., Nikroo, A., Williams, E. A. 2013; 111 (2)

    Abstract

    Stimulated Raman backscatter is used as a remote sensor to quantify the instantaneous laser power after transfer from outer to inner cones that cross in a National Ignition Facility (NIF) gas-filled hohlraum plasma. By matching stimulated Raman backscatter between a shot reducing outer versus a shot reducing inner power we infer that about half of the incident outer-cone power is transferred to inner cones, for the specific time and wavelength configuration studied. This is the first instantaneous nondisruptive measure of power transfer in an indirect drive NIF experiment using optical measurements.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.025001

    View details for Web of Science ID 000321752400021

    View details for PubMedID 23889410

  • NIF IGNITION CAMPAIGN TARGET PERFORMANCE AND REQUIREMENTS: STATUS MAY 2012 FUSION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Haan, S. W., Atherton, J., Clark, D. S., Hammel, B. A., Callahan, D. A., Cerjan, C. J., Dewald, E. L., Dixit, S., Edwards, M. J., Glenzer, S., Hatchett, S. P., Hicks, D., Jones, O. S., Landen, O. L., Lindl, J. D., Marinak, M. M., MacGowan, B. J., MacKinnon, A. J., Meezan, N. B., Milovich, J. L., Munro, D. H., Robey, H. F., Salmonson, J. D., Spears, B. K., Suter, L. J., Town, R. P., Weber, S. V., Kline, J. L., Wilson, D. C. 2013; 63 (2): 67-75
  • Observation of strong electromagnetic fields around laser-entrance holes of ignition-scale hohlraums in inertial-confinement fusion experiments at the National Ignition Facility NEW JOURNAL OF PHYSICS Li, C. K., Zylstra, A. B., Frenje, J. A., Seguin, F. H., Sinenian, N., Petrasso, R. D., Amendt, P. A., Bionta, R., Friedrich, S., Collins, G. W., Dewald, E., Doeppner, T., Glenzer, S. H., Hicks, D. G., Landen, O. L., Kilkenny, J. D., MacKinnon, A. J., Meezan, N., Ralph, J., Rygg, J. R., Kline, J., Kyrala, G. 2013; 15
  • X-Ray Scattering Measurements of Strong Ion-Ion Correlations in Shock-Compressed Aluminum PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Ma, T., Doeppner, T., Falcone, R. W., Fletcher, L., FORTMANN, C., Gericke, D. O., Landen, O. L., Lee, H. J., Pak, A., Vorberger, J., Wuensch, K., Glenzer, S. H. 2013; 110 (6)

    Abstract

    The strong ion-ion correlation peak characteristic of warm dense matter (WDM) is observed for the first time using simultaneous angularly, temporally, and spectrally resolved x-ray scattering measurements in laser-driven shock-compressed aluminum. Laser-produced molybdenum x-ray line emission at an energy of 17.9 keV is employed to probe aluminum compressed to a density of ρ>8 g/cm(3). We observe a well pronounced peak in the static structure factor at a wave number of k=4.0 Å(-1). The measurements of the magnitude and position of this correlation peak are precise enough to test different theoretical models for the ion structure and show that only models taking the complex interaction in WDM into account agree with the data. This also demonstrates a new highly accurate diagnostic to directly measure the state of compression of warm dense matter.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.110.065001

    View details for Web of Science ID 000314687300019

    View details for PubMedID 23432260

  • Dynamics of exploding plasmas in a large magnetized plasma PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Niemann, C., Gekelman, W., Constantin, C. G., Everson, E. T., Schaeffer, D. B., Clark, S. E., Winske, D., Zylstra, A. B., Pribyl, P., Tripathi, S. K., Larson, D., Glenzer, S. H., Bondarenko, A. S. 2013; 20 (1)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4773911

    View details for Web of Science ID 000317286200010

  • Probe Lasers for Characterizing High-temperature, High-density Plasmas 2013 CONFERENCE ON LASERS AND ELECTRO-OPTICS (CLEO) Glenzer, S. 2013
  • Towards an integrated model of the NIC layered implosions IFSA 2011 - SEVENTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INERTIAL FUSION SCIENCES AND APPLICATIONS Jones, O., Callahan, D., Cerjan, C., Clark, D., Edwards, M. J., Glenzer, S., Marinak, M., Meezan, N., Milovich, J., Olson, R., Patel, M., Robey, H., Sepke, S., Spears, B., Springer, P., Weber, S., Wilson, D. 2013; 59
  • Hohlraum designs for high velocity implosions on NIF IFSA 2011 - SEVENTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INERTIAL FUSION SCIENCES AND APPLICATIONS Meezan, N. B., Hicks, D. G., Callahan, D. A., Olson, R. E., Schneider, M. S., Thomas, C. A., Robey, H. F., Celliers, P. M., Kline, J. L., Dixit, S. N., Michel, P. A., Jones, O. S., Clark, D. S., Ralph, J. E., Doeppner, T., Mackinnon, A. J., Haan, S. W., Landen, O. L., Glenzer, S. H., Suter, L. J., Edwards, M. J., MacGowan, B. J., Lindl, J. D., Atherton, L. J. 2013; 59
  • Shock timing on the National Ignition Facility: The first precision tuning series IFSA 2011 - SEVENTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INERTIAL FUSION SCIENCES AND APPLICATIONS Robey, H. F., Celliers, P. M., Kline, J. L., MacKinnon, A. J., Boehly, T. R., Landen, O. L., Eggert, J. H., Hicks, D., Le Pape, S., Farley, D. R., Bowers, M. W., Krauter, K. G., Munro, D. H., Jones, O. S., Milovich, J. L., Clark, D., Spears, B. K., Town, R. P., Haan, S. W., Dixit, S., Schneider, M. B., Dewald, E. L., Widmann, K., Moody, J. D., Doeppner, T., Radousky, H. B., Nikroo, A., Kroll, J. J., Hamza, A. V., Horner, J. B., BHANDARKAR, S. D., Dzenitis, E., ALGER, E., Giraldez, E., Castro, C., Moreno, K., Haynam, C., LaFortune, K. N., Widmayer, C., Shaw, M., Jancaitis, K., Parham, T., Holunga, D. M., Walters, C. F., Haid, B., MALSBURY, T., Trummer, D., Coffee, K. R., Burr, B., Berzins, L. V., Choate, C., Brereton, S. J., Azevedo, S., Chandrasekaran, H., Glenzer, S., Caggiano, J. A., Knauer, J. P., Frenje, J. A., Casey, D. T., Johnson, M. G., Seguin, F. H., Young, B. K., Edwards, M. J., Van Wonterghem, B. M., Kilkenny, J., MacGowan, B. J., Atherton, L. J., Lindl, J. D., Meyerhofer, D. D., Moses, E. 2013; 59
  • Integrated thermodynamic model for ignition target performance IFSA 2011 - SEVENTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INERTIAL FUSION SCIENCES AND APPLICATIONS Springer, P. T., Cerjan, C., Betti, R., Caggiano, J. A., Edwards, M. J., Frenje, J. A., Glebov, V. Y., Glenzer, S. H., Glenn, S. M., Izumi, N., Jones, O., Kyrala, G., Ma, T., McNaney, J., Moran, M., Munro, D. H., Regan, S., Sangster, T. C., Sepke, S., Scott, H., Town, R. P., Weber, S. V., Wilson, B. 2013; 59
  • Reproducibility of hohlraum-driven implosion symmetry on the National Ignition Facility IFSA 2011 - SEVENTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INERTIAL FUSION SCIENCES AND APPLICATIONS Kyrala, G. A., Bradley, D. K., Callahan, D. A., Dixit, S. N., Edwards, M. J., Glenn, S. M., Glenzer, S. H., Izumi, N., Jones, O. S., Kline, J. L., Landen, O. L., Ma, T., Milovich, J. L., Meezan, N. B., Spears, B. K., Town, R. P., Weber, S., Benedetti, R., Doeppner, T., Ralph, J., Kilkenny, J. 2013; 59
  • Ignition tuning for the National Ignition Campaign IFSA 2011 - SEVENTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INERTIAL FUSION SCIENCES AND APPLICATIONS Landen, O., Edwards, J., Haan, S. W., Lindl, J. D., Boehly, T. R., Bradley, D. K., Callahan, D. A., Celliers, P. M., Dewald, E. L., Dixit, S., Doeppner, T., Eggert, J., Farley, D., Frenje, J. A., Glenn, S., Glenzer, S. H., Hamza, A., Hammel, B. A., Haynam, C., LaFortune, K., Hicks, D. G., Hoffman, N., Izumi, N., Jones, O. S., Kilkenny, J. D., Kline, J. L., Kyrala, G. A., MacKinnon, A. J., Milovich, J., Moody, J., Meezan, N., Michel, P., Munro, D. H., Olson, R. E., Ralph, J., Robey, H. F., Nikroo, A., Regan, S. P., Spears, B. K., Suter, L. J., Thomas, C. A., Town, R., Wilson, D. C., MacGowan, B. J., Atherton, L. J., Moses, E. I. 2013; 59
  • Symmetry tuning with megajoule laser pulses at the National Ignition Facility IFSA 2011 - SEVENTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INERTIAL FUSION SCIENCES AND APPLICATIONS Kline, J. L., Meezan, N. B., Callahan, D. A., Glenzer, S. H., Kyrala, G. A., Dixit, S. N., Town, R. P., Benedetti, R., Bradley, D. K., Bond, E., Di Nicola, P., Dewald, E. L., Doeppner, T., Glenn, S., Haynam, C., Heeter, R. F., Hinkel, D. E., Izumi, N., Jancaitis, K., Jones, O. S., Kalantar, D., Kilkenny, J., LaFortune, K. N., Landen, O., Ma, T., Mackinnon, A., Michel, P., Moody, J. D., Moran, M., Parham, T., Prasad, R. R., Radousky, H. B., Ralph, J., Schneider, M. B., Simanovskaia, N., Thomas, C. A., Weber, S., Widmann, K., Widmayer, C., Williams, E. A., Van Wontergheman, B., Edwards, M. J., Suter, L. J., Atherton, L. J., MacGowan, B. J. 2013; 59
  • Betatron x-ray production in mixed gases LASER ACCELERATION OF ELECTRONS, PROTONS, AND IONS II; AND MEDICAL APPLICATIONS OF LASER-GENERATED BEAMS OF PARTICLES II; AND HARNESSING RELATIVISTIC PLASMA WAVES III Albert, F., Pollock, B. B., Shaw, J., Marsh, K. A., Chen, Y., Alessi, D., Ralph, J. E., Michel, P. A., Pak, A., Clayton, C. E., Glenzer, S. H., Joshi, C. 2013; 8779

    View details for DOI 10.1117/12.2017187

    View details for Web of Science ID 000323544600033

  • Inelastic X-Ray Scattering from Shocked Liquid Deuterium PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Regan, S. P., Falk, K., Gregori, G., Radha, P. B., Hu, S. X., Boehly, T. R., Crowley, B. J., Glenzer, S. H., Landen, O. L., Gericke, D. O., Doeppner, T., Meyerhofer, D. D., Murphy, C. D., Sangster, T. C., Vorberger, J. 2012; 109 (26)

    Abstract

    The Fermi-degenerate plasma conditions created in liquid deuterium by a laser-ablation-driven shock wave were probed with noncollective, spectrally resolved, inelastic x-ray Thomson scattering employing Cl Ly(α) line emission at 2.96 keV. These first x-ray Thomson scattering measurements of the microscopic properties of shocked deuterium show an inferred spatially averaged electron temperature of 8±5  eV, an electron density of 2.2(±0.5)×10(23)  cm(-3), and an ionization of 0.8 (-0.25, +0.15). Two-dimensional hydrodynamic simulations using equation-of-state models suited for the extreme parameters occurring in inertial confinement fusion research and planetary interiors are consistent with the experimental results.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.265003

    View details for Web of Science ID 000312934000007

    View details for PubMedID 23368573

  • Progress in the indirect-drive National Ignition Campaign PLASMA PHYSICS AND CONTROLLED FUSION Landen, O. L., Benedetti, R., Bleuel, D., Boehly, T. R., Bradley, D. K., Caggiano, J. A., Callahan, D. A., Celliers, P. M., Cerjan, C. J., Clark, D., Collins, G. W., Dewald, E. L., Dixit, S. N., Doeppner, T., Edgell, D., Eggert, J., Farley, D., Frenje, J. A., Glebov, V., Glenn, S. M., Glenzer, S. H., Haan, S. W., Hamza, A., Hammel, B. A., Haynam, C. A., Hammer, J. H., Heeter, R. F., Herrmann, H. W., Hicks, D. G., Hinkel, D. E., Izumi, N., Johnson, M. G., Jones, O. S., Kalantar, D. H., Kauffman, R. L., Kilkenny, J. D., Kline, J. L., Knauer, J. P., Koch, J. A., Kyrala, G. A., LaFortune, K., Ma, T., MacKinnon, A. J., MACPHEE, A. J., Mapoles, E., Milovich, J. L., Moody, J. D., Meezan, N. B., Michel, P., Moore, A. S., Munro, D. H., Nikroo, A., Olson, R. E., Opachich, K., Pak, A., Parham, T., Patel, P., Park, H., Petrasso, R. P., Ralph, J., Regan, S. P., Remington, B. A., Rinderknecht, H. G., Robey, H. F., Rosen, M. D., Ross, J. S., Salmonson, J. D., Sangster, T. C., Schneider, M. B., Smalyuk, V., Spears, B. K., Springer, P. T., Suter, L. J., Thomas, C. A., Town, R. P., Weber, S. V., Wegner, P. J., Wilson, D. C., Widmann, K., Yeamans, C., Zylstra, A., Edwards, M. J., Lindl, J. D., Atherton, L. J., Hsing, W. W., MacGowan, B. J., Van Wonterghem, B. M., Moses, E. I. 2012; 54 (12)
  • Implosion dynamics measurements at the National Ignition Facility PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Hicks, D. G., Meezan, N. B., Dewald, E. L., MacKinnon, A. J., Olson, R. E., Callahan, D. A., Doeppner, T., Benedetti, L. R., Bradley, D. K., Celliers, P. M., Clark, D. S., Di Nicola, P., Dixit, S. N., Dzenitis, E. G., Eggert, J. E., Farley, D. R., Frenje, J. A., Glenn, S. M., Glenzer, S. H., Hamza, A. V., Heeter, R. F., Holder, J. P., Izumi, N., Kalantar, D. H., Khan, S. F., Kline, J. L., Kroll, J. J., Kyrala, G. A., Ma, T., MacPhee, A. G., McNaney, J. M., Moody, J. D., Moran, M. J., Nathan, B. R., Nikroo, A., Opachich, Y. P., Petrasso, R. D., Prasad, R. R., Ralph, J. E., Robey, H. F., Rinderknecht, H. G., Rygg, J. R., Salmonson, D., Schneider, M. B., Simanovskaia, N., Spears, B. K., Tommasini, R., Widmann, K., Zylstra, A. B., Collins, G. W., Landen, O. L., Kilkenny, J. D., Hsing, W. W., MacGowan, B. J., Atherton, L. J., Edwards, M. J. 2012; 19 (12)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4769268

    View details for Web of Science ID 000312834000040

  • Theory of x-ray scattering in high-pressure electrides PHYSICAL REVIEW B Fortmann, C., Niemann, C., Glenzer, S. H. 2012; 86 (17)
  • Observation of inhibited electron-ion coupling in strongly heated graphite SCIENTIFIC REPORTS White, T. G., Vorberger, J., Brown, C. R., Crowley, B. J., Davis, P., Glenzer, S. H., Harris, J. W., Hochhaus, D. C., Le Pape, S., Ma, T., Murphy, C. D., Neumayer, P., Pattison, L. K., Richardson, S., Gericke, D. O., Gregori, G. 2012; 2

    Abstract

    Creating non-equilibrium states of matter with highly unequal electron and lattice temperatures (T(ele)≠T(ion)) allows unsurpassed insight into the dynamic coupling between electrons and ions through time-resolved energy relaxation measurements. Recent studies on low-temperature laser-heated graphite suggest a complex energy exchange when compared to other materials. To avoid problems related to surface preparation, crystal quality and poor understanding of the energy deposition and transport mechanisms, we apply a different energy deposition mechanism, via laser-accelerated protons, to isochorically and non-radiatively heat macroscopic graphite samples up to temperatures close to the melting threshold. Using time-resolved x ray diffraction, we show clear evidence of a very small electron-ion energy transfer, yielding approximately three times longer relaxation times than previously reported. This is indicative of the existence of an energy transfer bottleneck in non-equilibrium warm dense matter.

    View details for DOI 10.1038/srep00889

    View details for Web of Science ID 000311708300001

    View details for PubMedID 23189238

  • Stochastic Ion Heating from Many Overlapping Laser Beams in Fusion Plasmas PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Michel, P., Rozmus, W., Williams, E. A., Divol, L., Berger, R. L., Town, R. P., Glenzer, S. H., Callahan, D. A. 2012; 109 (19)

    Abstract

    In this Letter, we show through numerical simulations and analytical results that overlapping multiple (N) laser beams in plasmas can lead to strong stochastic ion heating from many (~N(2)) electrostatic perturbations driven by beat waves between pairs of laser beams. For conditions typical of inertial-confinement-fusion experiment conditions, hundreds of such beat waves are driven in mm(3)-scale plasmas, leading to ion heating rates of several keV/ns. This mechanism saturates cross-beam energy transfer, with a reduction of linear gains by a factor ~4-5 and can strongly modify the overall hydrodynamics evolution of such laser-plasma systems.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.195004

    View details for Web of Science ID 000310853100011

    View details for PubMedID 23215392

  • Self-organized electromagnetic field structures in laser-produced counter-streaming plasmas NATURE PHYSICS Kugland, N. L., Ryutov, D. D., Chang, P., Drake, R. P., Fiksel, G., Froula, D. H., Glenzer, S. H., Gregori, G., Grosskopf, M., Koenig, M., Kuramitsu, Y., Kuranz, C., Levy, M. C., Liang, E., Meinecke, J., Miniati, F., Morita, T., PELKA, A., Plechaty, C., Presura, R., Ravasio, A., Remington, B. A., Reville, B., Ross, J. S., Sakawa, Y., Spitkovsky, A., Takabe, H., Park, H. 2012; 8 (11): 809-812

    View details for DOI 10.1038/NPHYS2434

    View details for Web of Science ID 000310836700019

  • Imaging of high-energy x-ray emission from cryogenic thermonuclear fuel implosions on the NIF REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Ma, T., Izumi, N., Tommasini, R., Bradley, D. K., Bell, P., Cerjan, C. J., Dixit, S., Doeppner, T., Jones, O., Kline, J. L., Kyrala, G., Landen, O. L., Lepape, S., MacKinnon, A. J., Park, H., Patel, P. K., Prasad, R. R., Ralph, J., Regan, S. P., Smalyuk, V. A., Springer, P. T., Suter, L., Town, R. P., Weber, S. V., Glenzer, S. H. 2012; 83 (10)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4733313

    View details for Web of Science ID 000311562900123

  • Diagnosing radiative shocks from deuterium and tritium implosions on NIF REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Pak, A., Divol, L., Weber, S., Doeppner, T., Kyrala, G. A., Kilne, J., Izumi, N., Glenn, S., Ma, T., Town, R. P., Bradley, D. K., Glenzer, S. H. 2012; 83 (10)

    Abstract

    During the recent ignition tuning campaign at the National Ignition Facility, layered cryogenic deuterium and tritium capsules were imploded via x-ray driven ablation. The hardened gated x-ray imager diagnostic temporally and spatially resolves the x-ray emission from the core of the capsule implosion at energies above ~8 keV. On multiple implosions, ~200-400 ps after peak compression a spherically expanding radiative shock has been observed. This paper describes the methods used to characterize the radial profile and rate of expansion of the shock induced x-ray emission.

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4729498

    View details for Web of Science ID 000311562900204

    View details for PubMedID 23127014

  • Neutron spectrometry-An essential tool for diagnosing implosions at the National Ignition Facility (invited) REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Johnson, M. G., Frenje, J. A., Casey, D. T., Li, C. K., Seguin, F. H., Petrasso, R., Ashabranner, R., Bionta, R. M., Bleuel, D. L., Bond, E. J., Caggiano, J. A., Carpenter, A., Cerjan, C. J., Clancy, T. J., Doeppner, T., Eckart, M. J., Edwards, M. J., Friedrich, S., Glenzer, S. H., Haan, S. W., Hartouni, E. P., Hatarik, R., Hatchett, S. P., Jones, O. S., Kyrala, G., Le Pape, S., Lerche, R. A., Landen, O. L., Ma, T., MacKinnon, A. J., McKernan, M. A., Moran, M. J., Moses, E., Munro, D. H., McNaney, J., Park, H. S., Ralph, J., Remington, B., Rygg, J. R., Sepke, S. M., Smalyuk, V., Spears, B., Springer, P. T., Yeamans, C. B., Farrell, M., Jasion, D., Kilkenny, J. D., Nikroo, A., Paguio, R., Knauer, J. P., Glebov, V. Y., Sangster, T. C., Betti, R., Stoeckl, C., Magoon, J., Shoup, M. J., Grim, G. P., Kline, J., Morgan, G. L., Murphy, T. J., Leeper, R. J., Ruiz, C. L., Cooper, G. W., Nelson, A. J. 2012; 83 (10)

    Abstract

    DT neutron yield (Y(n)), ion temperature (T(i)), and down-scatter ratio (dsr) determined from measured neutron spectra are essential metrics for diagnosing the performance of inertial confinement fusion (ICF) implosions at the National Ignition Facility (NIF). A suite of neutron-time-of-flight (nTOF) spectrometers and a magnetic recoil spectrometer (MRS) have been implemented in different locations around the NIF target chamber, providing good implosion coverage and the complementarity required for reliable measurements of Y(n), T(i), and dsr. From the measured dsr value, an areal density (ρR) is determined through the relationship ρR(tot) (g∕cm(2)) = (20.4 ± 0.6) × dsr(10-12 MeV). The proportionality constant is determined considering implosion geometry, neutron attenuation, and energy range used for the dsr measurement. To ensure high accuracy in the measurements, a series of commissioning experiments using exploding pushers have been used for in situ calibration of the as-built spectrometers, which are now performing to the required accuracy. Recent data obtained with the MRS and nTOFs indicate that the implosion performance of cryogenically layered DT implosions, characterized by the experimental ignition threshold factor (ITFx), which is a function of dsr (or fuel ρR) and Y(n), has improved almost two orders of magnitude since the first shot in September, 2010.

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4728095

    View details for Web of Science ID 000311562900009

    View details for PubMedID 23126835

  • Simultaneous imaging electron- and ion-feature Thomson scattering measurements of radiatively heated Xe REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Pollock, B. B., Meinecke, J., Kuschel, S., Ross, J. S., Shaw, J. L., Stoafer, C., Divol, L., Tynan, G. R., Glenzer, S. H. 2012; 83 (10)

    Abstract

    Uniform density and temperature Xe plasmas have been produced over >4 mm scale-lengths using x-rays generated in a cylindrical Pb cavity. The cavity is 750 μm in depth and diameter, and is heated by a 300 J, 2 ns square, 1054 nm laser pulse focused to a spot size of 200 μm at the cavity entrance. The plasma is characterized by simultaneous imaging Thomson scattering measurements from both the electron and ion scattering features. The electron feature measurement determines the spatial electron density and temperature profile, and using these parameters as constraints in the ion feature analysis allows an accurate determination of the charge state of the Xe ions. The Thomson scattering probe beam is 40 J, 200 ps, and 527 nm, and is focused to a 100 μm spot size at the entrance of the Pb cavity. Each system has a spatial resolution of 25 μm, a temporal resolution of 200 ps (as determined by the probe duration), and a spectral resolution of 2 nm for the electron feature system and 0.025 nm for the ion feature system. The experiment is performed in a Xe filled target chamber at a neutral pressure of 3-10 Torr, and the x-rays produced in the Pb ionize and heat the Xe to a charge state of 20±4 at up to 200 eV electron temperatures.

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4740526

    View details for Web of Science ID 000311562900195

    View details for PubMedID 23127005

  • Thomson scattering diagnostic for the measurement of ion species fraction REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Ross, J. S., Park, H., Amendt, P., Divol, L., Kugland, N. L., Rozmus, W., Glenzer, S. H. 2012; 83 (10)

    Abstract

    Simultaneous Thomson scattering measurements of collective electron-plasma and ion-acoustic fluctuations have been utilized to determine ion species fraction from laser produced CH plasmas. The CH(2) foil is heated with 10 laser beams, 500 J per beam, at the Omega Laser facility. Thomson scattering measurements are made 4 mm from the foil surface using a 30 J 2ω probe laser with a 1 ns pulse length. Using a series of target shots the plasma evolution is measured from 2.5 ns to 9 ns after the rise of the heater beams. Measuring the electron density and temperature from the electron-plasma fluctuations constrains the fit of the two-ion species theoretical form factor for the ion feature such that the ion temperature, plasma flow velocity and ion species fraction are determined. The ion species fraction is determined to an accuracy of ±0.06 in species fraction.

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4731007

    View details for Web of Science ID 000311562900170

    View details for PubMedID 23126981

  • Measurement of electron temperature of imploded capsules at the National Ignition Facility REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Izumi, N., Ma, T., Barrios, M., Benedetti, L. R., Callahan, D., Cerjan, C., Edwards, J., Glenn, S., Glenzer, S., Kilkenny, J., Kline, J., Kyrala, G., Landen, O. L., Regan, S., Springer, P., Suter, L., Tommasini, R., Town, R., MacKinnon, A. J., Bell, P., Bradley, D. K. 2012; 83 (10)

    Abstract

    The electron and ion temperatures of the imploded core plasma are two of the most important metrics of inertial confinement fusion experiments. We have developed a technique for inferring electron temperatures from the contrast of x-ray images observed through a group of x-ray filters. Generally, the plasma electron temperature exhibits spatial and temporal variations, so time-averaged and time-resolved measurements are expected to yield somewhat different results. By analyzing the intensity of images observed with both a time-integrated detector (imaging plates) and a time-resolved detector (gated micro-channel plate), we found the electron temperature observed from x-ray images to be systematically higher than the ion temperature inferred from fusion neutron spectroscopy.

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4738660

    View details for Web of Science ID 000311562900129

    View details for PubMedID 23126943

  • Measuring the absolute deuterium-tritium neutron yield using the magnetic recoil spectrometer at OMEGA and the NIF REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Casey, D. T., Frenje, J. A., Johnson, M. G., Seguin, F. H., Li, C. K., Petrasso, R. D., Glebov, V. Y., Katz, J., Knauer, J. P., Meyerhofer, D. D., Sangster, T. C., Bionta, R. M., Bleuel, D. L., Doeppner, T., Glenzer, S., Hartouni, E., Hatchett, S. P., Le Pape, S., Ma, T., Mackinnon, A., McKernan, M. A., Moran, M., Moses, E., Park, H., Ralph, J., Remington, B. A., Smalyuk, V., Yeamans, C. B., Kline, J., Kyrala, G., Chandler, G. A., Leeper, R. J., Ruiz, C. L., Cooper, G. W., Nelson, A. J., Fletcher, K., Kilkenny, J., Farrell, M., Jasion, D., Paguio, R. 2012; 83 (10)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4738657

    View details for Web of Science ID 000311562900100

  • Charged-particle spectroscopy for diagnosing shock rho R and strength in NIF implosions REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Zylstra, A. B., Frenje, J. A., Seguin, F. H., Rosenberg, M. J., Rinderknecht, H. G., Johnson, M. G., Casey, D. T., Sinenian, N., Manuel, M. E., WAUGH, C. J., Sio, H. W., Li, C. K., Petrasso, R. D., Friedrich, S., Knittel, K., Bionta, R., McKernan, M., Callahan, D., Collins, G. W., Dewald, E., Doeppner, T., Edwards, M. J., Glenzer, S., Hicks, D. G., Landen, O. L., London, R., Mackinnon, A., Meezan, N., Prasad, R. R., Ralph, J., Richardson, M., Rygg, J. R., Sepke, S., Weber, S., Zacharias, R., Moses, E., Kilkenny, J., Nikroo, A., Sangster, T. C., Glebov, V., Stoeckl, C., Olson, R., Leeper, R. J., Kline, J., Kyrala, G., Wilson, D. 2012; 83 (10)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4729672

    View details for Web of Science ID 000311562900089

  • Hard x-ray (> 100 keV) imager to measure hot electron preheat for indirectly driven capsule implosions on the NIF REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Doeppner, T., Dewald, E. L., Divol, L., Thomas, C. A., Burns, S., Celliers, P. M., Izumi, N., Kline, J. L., LaCaille, G., McNaney, J. M., Prasad, R. R., Robey, H. F., Glenzer, S. H., Landen, O. L. 2012; 83 (10)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4731742

    View details for Web of Science ID 000311562900205

  • Focal aberrations of large-aperture HOPG von-Hamos x-ray spectrometers JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION Zastrau, U., Brown, C. R., Doeppner, T., Glenzer, S. H., Gregori, G., Lee, H. J., MARSCHNER, H., Toleikis, S., Wehrhan, O., Foerster, E. 2012; 7
  • Plasma switch as a temporal overlap tool for pump-probe experiments at FEL facilities JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION Harmand, M., Murphy, C. D., Brown, C. R., Cammarata, M., Doeppner, T., Duesterer, S., Fritz, D., Foerster, E., Galtier, E., Gaudin, J., Glenzer, S. H., Goede, S., Gregori, G., Hilbert, V., Hochhaus, D., Laarmann, T., Lee, H. J., Lemke, H., Meiwes-Broer, K., Moinard, A., Neumayer, P., Przystawik, A., Redlin, H., Schulz, M., Skruszewicz, S., Tavella, F., Tschentscher, T., White, T., Zastrau, U., Toleikis, S. 2012; 7
  • Demonstration of a low electromagnetic pulse laser-driven argon gas jet x-ray source APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS Kugland, N. L., Aurand, B., Brown, C. G., Constantin, C. G., Everson, E. T., Glenzer, S. H., Schaeffer, D. B., TAUSCHWITZ, A., Niemann, C. 2012; 101 (2)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4734506

    View details for Web of Science ID 000306360600105

  • Assembly of High-Areal-Density Deuterium-Tritium Fuel from Indirectly Driven Cryogenic Implosions PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS MacKinnon, A. J., Kline, J. L., Dixit, S. N., Glenzer, S. H., Edwards, M. J., Callahan, D. A., Meezan, N. B., Haan, S. W., Kilkenny, J. D., Doeppner, T., Farley, D. R., Moody, J. D., Ralph, J. E., MacGowan, B. J., Landen, O. L., Robey, H. F., Boehly, T. R., Celliers, P. M., Eggert, J. H., Krauter, K., Frieders, G., Ross, G. F., Hicks, D. G., Olson, R. E., Weber, S. V., Spears, B. K., Salmonsen, J. D., Michel, P., Divol, L., Hammel, B., Thomas, C. A., Clark, D. S., Jones, O. S., Springer, P. T., Cerjan, C. J., Collins, G. W., Glebov, V. Y., Knauer, J. P., Sangster, C., Stoeckl, C., McKenty, P., McNaney, J. M., Leeper, R. J., Ruiz, C. L., Cooper, G. W., Nelson, A. G., Chandler, G. G., Hahn, K. D., Moran, M. J., Schneider, M. B., Palmer, N. E., Bionta, R. M., Hartouni, E. P., Lepape, S., Patel, P. K., Izumi, N., Tommasini, R., Bond, E. J., Caggiano, J. A., Hatarik, R., Grim, G. P., Merrill, F. E., Fittinghoff, D. N., Guler, N., Drury, O., Wilson, D. C., Herrmann, H. W., Stoeffl, W., Casey, D. T., Johnson, M. G., Frenje, J. A., Petrasso, R. D., Zylestra, A., Rinderknecht, H., Kalantar, D. H., Dzenitis, J. M., Di Nicola, P., Eder, D. C., Courdin, W. H., Gururangan, G., Burkhart, S. C., Friedrich, S., Blueuel, D. L., Bernstein, L. A., Eckart, M. J., Munro, D. H., Hatchett, S. P., MacPhee, A. G., Edgell, D. H., Bradley, D. K., Bell, P. M., Glenn, S. M., Simanovskaia, N., Barrios, M. A., Benedetti, R., Kyrala, G. A., Town, R. P., Dewald, E. L., Milovich, J. L., Widmann, K., Moore, A. S., LaCaille, G., Regan, S. P., Suter, L. J., Felker, B., Ashabranner, R. C., Jackson, M. C., Prasad, R., Richardson, M. J., Kohut, T. R., Datte, P. S., Krauter, G. W., Klingman, J. J., BURR, R. F., Land, T. A., Hermann, M. R., LaTray, D. A., Saunders, R. L., Weaver, S., Cohen, S. J., Berzins, L., BRASS, S. G., Palma, E. S., Lowe-Webb, R. R., McHalle, G. N., Arnold, P. A., LAGIN, L. J., Marshall, C. D., Brunton, G. K., Mathisen, D. G., Wood, R. D., Cox, J. R., Ehrlich, R. B., Knittel, K. M., Bowers, M. W., Zacharias, R. A., Young, B. K., Holder, J. P., Kimbrough, J. R., Ma, T., La Fortune, K. N., Widmayer, C. C., Shaw, M. J., Erbert, G. V., Jancaitis, K. S., DiNicola, J. M., Orth, C., Heestand, G., Kirkwood, R., Haynam, C., Wegner, P. J., Whitman, P. K., Hamza, A., Dzenitis, E. G., Wallace, R. J., BHANDARKAR, S. D., Parham, T. G., Dylla-Spears, R., Mapoles, E. R., Kozioziemski, B. J., Sater, J. D., Walters, C. F., Haid, B. J., Fair, J., Nikroo, A., Giraldez, E., Moreno, K., VANWONTERGHEM, B., Kauffman, R. L., Batha, S., Larson, D. W., FORTNER, R. J., Schneider, D. H., Lindl, J. D., Patterson, R. W., Atherton, L. J., Moses, E. I. 2012; 108 (21)

    Abstract

    The National Ignition Facility has been used to compress deuterium-tritium to an average areal density of ~1.0±0.1 g cm(-2), which is 67% of the ignition requirement. These conditions were obtained using 192 laser beams with total energy of 1-1.6 MJ and peak power up to 420 TW to create a hohlraum drive with a shaped power profile, peaking at a soft x-ray radiation temperature of 275-300 eV. This pulse delivered a series of shocks that compressed a capsule containing cryogenic deuterium-tritium to a radius of 25-35 μm. Neutron images of the implosion were used to estimate a fuel density of 500-800 g cm(-3).

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.215005

    View details for Web of Science ID 000304405000009

    View details for PubMedID 23003274

  • Precision Shock Tuning on the National Ignition Facility PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Robey, H. F., Celliers, P. M., Kline, J. L., MacKinnon, A. J., Boehly, T. R., Landen, O. L., Eggert, J. H., Hicks, D., Le Pape, S., Farley, D. R., Bowers, M. W., Krauter, K. G., Munro, D. H., Jones, O. S., Milovich, J. L., Clark, D., Spears, B. K., Town, R. P., Haan, S. W., Dixit, S., Schneider, M. B., Dewald, E. L., Widmann, K., Moody, J. D., Doeppner, T. D., Radousky, H. B., Nikroo, A., Kroll, J. J., Hamza, A. V., Horner, J. B., BHANDARKAR, S. D., Dzenitis, E., ALGER, E., Giraldez, E., Castro, C., Moreno, K., Haynam, C., LaFortune, K. N., Widmayer, C., Shaw, M., Jancaitis, K., Parham, T., Holunga, D. M., Walters, C. F., Haid, B., MALSBURY, T., Trummer, D., Coffee, K. R., Burr, B., Berzins, L. V., Choate, C., Brereton, S. J., Azevedo, S., Chandrasekaran, H., Glenzer, S., Caggiano, J. A., Knauer, J. P., Frenje, J. A., Casey, D. T., Johnson, M. G., Seguin, F. H., Young, B. K., Edwards, M. J., Van Wonterghem, B. M., Kilkenny, J., MacGowan, B. J., Atherton, J., Lindl, J. D., Meyerhofer, D. D., Moses, E. 2012; 108 (21)

    Abstract

    Ignition implosions on the National Ignition Facility [J. D. Lindl et al., Phys. Plasmas 11, 339 (2004)] are underway with the goal of compressing deuterium-tritium fuel to a sufficiently high areal density (ρR) to sustain a self-propagating burn wave required for fusion power gain greater than unity. These implosions are driven with a very carefully tailored sequence of four shock waves that must be timed to very high precision to keep the fuel entropy and adiabat low and ρR high. The first series of precision tuning experiments on the National Ignition Facility, which use optical diagnostics to directly measure the strength and timing of all four shocks inside a hohlraum-driven, cryogenic liquid-deuterium-filled capsule interior have now been performed. The results of these experiments are presented demonstrating a significant decrease in adiabat over previously untuned implosions. The impact of the improved shock timing is confirmed in related deuterium-tritium layered capsule implosions, which show the highest fuel compression (ρR~1.0 g/cm(2)) measured to date, exceeding the previous record [V. Goncharov et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 165001 (2010)] by more than a factor of 3. The experiments also clearly reveal an issue with the 4th shock velocity, which is observed to be 20% slower than predictions from numerical simulation.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.215004

    View details for Web of Science ID 000304405000008

    View details for PubMedID 23003273

  • Ultrafast Transitions from Solid to Liquid and Plasma States of Graphite Induced by X-Ray Free-Electron Laser Pulses PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Hau-Riege, S. P., Graf, A., Doeppner, T., London, R. A., Krzywinski, J., FORTMANN, C., Glenzer, S. H., Frank, M., Sokolowski-Tinten, K., Messerschmidt, M., Bostedt, C., Schorb, S., Bradley, J. A., Lutman, A., Rolles, D., Rudenko, A., Rudek, B. 2012; 108 (21)

    Abstract

    We used photon pulses from an x-ray free-electron laser to study ultrafast x-ray-induced transitions of graphite from solid to liquid and plasma states. This was accomplished by isochoric heating of graphite samples and simultaneous probing via Bragg and diffuse scattering at high time resolution. We observe that disintegration of the crystal lattice and ion heating of up to 5 eV occur within tens of femtoseconds. The threshold fluence for Bragg-peak degradation is smaller and the ion-heating rate is faster than current x-ray-matter interaction models predict.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.217402

    View details for Web of Science ID 000304404700027

    View details for PubMedID 23003301

  • Dynamic structure factor in warm dense beryllium NEW JOURNAL OF PHYSICS Plagemann, K., Sperling, P., Thiele, R., Desjarlais, M. P., FORTMANN, C., Doeppner, T., Lee, H. J., Glenzer, S. H., Redmer, R. 2012; 14
  • Cryogenic thermonuclear fuel implosions on the National Ignition Facility PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Glenzer, S. H., Callahan, D. A., MacKinnon, A. J., Kline, J. L., Grim, G., Alger, E. T., Berger, R. L., Bernstein, L. A., Betti, R., Bleuel, D. L., Boehly, T. R., Bradley, D. K., Burkhart, S. C., Burr, R., Caggiano, J. A., Castro, C., Casey, D. T., Choate, C., Clark, D. S., Celliers, P., Cerjan, C. J., Collins, G. W., Dewald, E. L., DINICOLA, P., DiNicola, J. M., Divol, L., Dixit, S., Doeppner, T., Dylla-Spears, R., Dzenitis, E., Eckart, M., Erbert, G., Farley, D., Fair, J., Fittinghoff, D., Frank, M., Frenje, L. J., Friedrich, S., Casey, D. T., Johnson, M. G., Gibson, C., Giraldez, E., Glebov, V., Glenn, S., Guler, N., Haan, S. W., Haid, B. J., Hammel, B. A., Hamza, A. V., Haynam, C. A., Heestand, G. M., Hermann, M., HERMANN, H. W., Hicks, D. G., Hinkel, D. E., Holder, J. P., Holunda, D. M., Horner, J. B., Hsing, W. W., Huang, H., Izumi, N., Jackson, M., Jones, O. S., Kalantar, D. H., Kauffman, R., Kilkenny, J. D., Kirkwood, R. K., Klingmann, J., Kohut, T., Knauer, J. P., Koch, J. A., Kozioziemki, B., Kyrala, G. A., Kritcher, A. L., Kroll, J., La Fortune, K., LAGIN, L., Landen, O. L., Larson, D. W., Latray, D., Leeper, R. J., Le Pape, S., Lindl, J. D., Lowe-Webb, R., Ma, T., McNaney, J., MacPhee, A. G., Malsbury, T. N., Mapoles, E., Marshall, C. D., Meezan, N. B., Merrill, F., Michel, P., Moody, J. D., Moore, A. S., Moran, M., Moreno, K. A., Munro, D. H., Nathan, B. R., Nikroo, A., Olson, R. E., Orth, C. D., Pak, A. E., Patel, P. K., Parham, T., Petrasso, R., Ralph, J. E., Rinderknecht, H., Regan, S. P., Robey, H. F., Ross, J. S., Rosen, M. D., Sacks, R., Salmonson, J. D., Saunders, R., Sater, J., Sangster, C., Schneider, M. B., Seguin, F. H., Shaw, M. J., Spears, B. K., Springer, P. T., Stoeffl, W., Suter, L. J., Thomas, C. A., Tommasini, R., Town, R. P., Walters, C., Weaver, S., Weber, S. V., Wegner, P. J., Whitman, P. K., Widmann, K., Widmayer, C. C., Wilde, C. H., Wilson, D. C., Van Wonterghem, B., MacGowan, B. J., Atherton, L. J., Edwards, M. J., Moses, E. I. 2012; 19 (5)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4719686

    View details for Web of Science ID 000304831100104

  • Performance metrics for inertial confinement fusion implosions: Aspects of the technical framework for measuring progress in the National Ignition Campaign PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Spears, B. K., Glenzer, S., Edwards, M. J., Brandon, S., Clark, D., Town, R., Cerjan, C., Dylla-Spears, R., Mapoles, E., Munro, D., Salmonson, J., Sepke, S., Weber, S., Hatchett, S., Haan, S., Springer, P., Moses, E., Kline, J., Kyrala, G., Wilson, D. 2012; 19 (5)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.3696743

    View details for Web of Science ID 000304831100102

  • Characterizing counter-streaming interpenetrating plasmas relevant to astrophysical collisionless shocks PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Ross, J. S., Glenzer, S. H., Amendt, P., Berger, R., Divol, L., Kugland, N. L., Landen, O. L., Plechaty, C., Remington, B., Ryutov, D., Rozmus, W., Froula, D. H., Fiksel, G., Sorce, C., Kuramitsu, Y., Morita, T., Sakawa, Y., Takabe, H., Drake, R. P., Grosskopf, M., Kuranz, C., Gregori, G., Meinecke, J., Murphy, C. D., Koenig, M., PELKA, A., Ravasio, A., Vinci, T., Liang, E., Presura, R., Spitkovsky, A., Miniati, F., Park, H. 2012; 19 (5)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.3694124

    View details for Web of Science ID 000304831100105

  • Hot-spot mix in ignition-scale implosions on the NIF PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Regan, S. P., Epstein, R., Hammel, B. A., Suter, L. J., Ralph, J., Scott, H., Barrios, M. A., Bradley, D. K., Callahan, D. A., Cerjan, C., Collins, G. W., Dixit, S. N., Doeppner, T., Edwards, M. J., Farley, D. R., Glenn, S., Glenzer, S. H., Golovkin, I. E., Haan, S. W., Hamza, A., Hicks, D. G., Izumi, N., Kilkenny, J. D., Kline, J. L., Kyrala, G. A., Landen, O. L., Ma, T., MacFarlane, J. J., Mancini, R. C., McCrory, R. L., Meezan, N. B., Meyerhofer, D. D., Nikroo, A., Peterson, K. J., Sangster, T. C., Springer, P., Town, R. P. 2012; 19 (5)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.3694057

    View details for Web of Science ID 000304831100093

  • X-ray conversion efficiency in vacuum hohlraum experiments at the National Ignition Facility PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Olson, R. E., Suter, L. J., Kline, J. L., Callahan, D. A., Rosen, M. D., Dixit, S. N., Landen, O. L., Meezan, N. B., Moody, J. D., Thomas, C. A., Warrick, A., Widmann, K., Williams, E. A., Glenzer, S. H. 2012; 19 (5)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4704795

    View details for Web of Science ID 000304831100038

  • The velocity campaign for ignition on NIF PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Callahan, D. A., Meezan, N. B., Glenzer, S. H., MacKinnon, A. J., Benedetti, L. R., Bradley, D. K., Celeste, J. R., Celliers, P. M., Dixit, S. N., Doeppner, T., Dzentitis, E. G., Glenn, S., Haan, S. W., Haynam, C. A., Hicks, D. G., Hinkel, D. E., Jones, O. S., Landen, O. L., London, R. A., MacPhee, A. G., Michel, P. A., Moody, J. D., Ralph, J. E., Robey, H. F., Rosen, M. D., Schneider, M. B., Strozzi, D. J., Suter, L. J., Town, R. P., Widmann, K., Williams, E. A., Edwards, M. J., MacGowan, B. J., Lindl, J. D., Atherton, L. J., Kyrala, G. A., Kline, J. L., Olson, R. E., Edgell, D., Regan, S. P., Nikroo, A., Wilkins, H., Kilkenny, J. D., Moore, A. S. 2012; 19 (5)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.3694840

    View details for Web of Science ID 000304831100091

  • A high-resolution integrated model of the National Ignition Campaign cryogenic layered experiments PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Jones, O. S., Cerjan, C. J., Marinak, M. M., Milovich, J. L., Robey, H. F., Springer, P. T., Benedetti, L. R., Bleuel, D. L., Bond, E. J., Bradley, D. K., Callahan, D. A., Caggiano, J. A., Celliers, P. M., Clark, D. S., Dixit, S. M., Doppner, T., Dylla-Spears, R. J., Dzentitis, E. G., Farley, D. R., Glenn, S. M., Glenzer, S. H., Haan, S. W., Haid, B. J., Haynam, C. A., Hicks, D. G., Kozioziemski, B. J., LaFortune, K. N., Landen, O. L., Mapoles, E. R., MacKinnon, A. J., McNaney, J. M., Meezan, N. B., Michel, P. A., Moody, J. D., Moran, M. J., Munro, D. H., Patel, M. V., Parham, T. G., Sater, J. D., Sepke, S. M., Spears, B. K., Town, R. P., Weber, S. V., Widmann, K., Widmayer, C. C., Williams, E. A., Atherton, L. J., Edwards, M. J., Lindl, J. D., MacGowan, B. J., Suter, L. J., Olson, R. E., Herrmann, H. W., Kline, J. L., Kyrala, G. A., Wilson, D. C., Frenje, J., Boehly, T. R., Glebov, V., Knauer, J. P., Nikroo, A., Wilkens, H., Kilkenny, J. D. 2012; 19 (5)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4718595

    View details for Web of Science ID 000304831100101

  • Measurement of the Adiabatic Index in Be Compressed by Counterpropagating Shocks PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS FORTMANN, C., Lee, H. J., Doeppner, T., Falcone, R. W., Kritcher, A. L., Landen, O. L., Glenzer, S. H. 2012; 108 (17)
  • Measurement of Radiative Shock Properties by X-Ray Thomson Scattering PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Visco, A. J., Drake, R. P., Glenzer, S. H., Doeppner, T., Gregori, G., Froula, D. H., Grosskopf, M. J. 2012; 108 (14)
  • Multistep redirection by cross-beam power transfer of ultrahigh-power lasers in a plasma NATURE PHYSICS Moody, J. D., Michel, P., Divol, L., Berger, R. L., Bond, E., Bradley, D. K., Callahan, D. A., Dewald, E. L., Dixit, S., Edwards, M. J., Glenn, S., Hamza, A., Haynam, C., Hinkel, D. E., Izumi, N., Jones, O., Kilkenny, J. D., Kirkwood, R. K., Kline, J. L., Kruer, W. L., Kyrala, G. A., Landen, O. L., Lepape, S., Lindl, J. D., MacGowan, B. J., Meezan, N. B., Nikroo, A., Rosen, M. D., Schneider, M. B., Strozzi, D. J., Suter, L. J., Thomas, C. A., Town, R. P., Widmann, K., Williams, E. A., Atherton, L. J., Glenzer, S. H., Moses, E. I. 2012; 8 (4): 344-349

    View details for DOI 10.1038/NPHYS2239

    View details for Web of Science ID 000302557600024

  • First implosion experiments with cryogenic thermonuclear fuel on the National Ignition Facility PLASMA PHYSICS AND CONTROLLED FUSION Glenzer, S. H., Spears, B. K., Edwards, M. J., Alger, E. T., Berger, R. L., Bleuel, D. L., Bradley, D. K., Caggiano, J. A., Callahan, D. A., Castro, C., Casey, D. T., Choate, C., Clark, D. S., Cerjan, C. J., Collins, G. W., Dewald, E. L., Di Nicola, J. G., Di Nicola, P., Divol, L., Dixit, S. N., Doeppner, T., Dylla-Spears, R., Dzenitis, E. G., Fair, J. E., Frenje, L. J., Johnson, M. G., Giraldez, E., Glebov, V., Glenn, S. M., Haan, S. W., Hammel, B. A., Hatchett, S. P., Haynam, C. A., Heeter, R. F., Heestand, G. M., Herrmann, H. W., Hicks, D. G., Holunga, D. M., Horner, J. B., Huang, H., Izumi, N., Jones, O. S., Kalantar, D. H., Kilkenny, J. D., Kirkwood, R. K., Kline, J. L., Knauer, J. P., Kozioziemski, B., Kritcher, A. L., Kroll, J. J., Kyrala, G. A., LaFortune, K. N., Landen, O. L., Larson, D. W., Leeper, R. J., Le Pape, S., Lindl, J. D., Ma, T., Mackinnon, A. J., MacPhee, A. G., Mapoles, E., McKenty, P. W., Meezan, N. B., Michel, P., Milovich, J. L., Moody, J. D., Moore, A. S., Moran, M., Moreno, K. A., Munro, D. H., Nathan, B. R., Nikroo, A., Olson, R. E., Orth, C. D., Pak, A., Patel, P. K., Parham, T., Petrasso, R., Ralph, J. E., Rinderknecht, H., Regan, S. P., Robey, H. F., Ross, J. S., Salmonson, J. D., Sangster, C., Sater, J., Schneider, M. B., Seguin, F. H., Shaw, M. J., Shoup, M. J., Springer, P. T., Stoeffl, W., Suter, L. J., Thomas, C. A., Town, R. P., Walters, C., Weber, S. V., Wegner, P. J., Widmayer, C., Whitman, P. K., Widmann, K., Wilson, D. C., Van Wonterghem, B. M., MacGowan, B. J., Atherton, L. J., Moses, E. I. 2012; 54 (4)
  • Adiabatic Index in Shock-Compressed Beryllium CONTRIBUTIONS TO PLASMA PHYSICS Fortmann, C., Lee, H. J., Doeppner, T., Falcone, R. W., Kritcher, A. L., Landen, O. L., Niemann, C., Glenzer, S. H. 2012; 52 (3): 186-193
  • Direct Measurement of Energetic Electrons Coupling to an Imploding Low-Adiabat Inertial Confinement Fusion Capsule PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Doeppner, T., Thomas, C. A., Divol, L., Dewald, E. L., Celliers, P. M., Bradley, D. K., Callahan, D. A., Dixit, S. N., Harte, J. A., Glenn, S. M., Haan, S. W., Izumi, N., Kyrala, G. A., LaCaille, G., Kline, J. K., Kruer, W. L., Ma, T., MacKinnon, A. J., McNaney, J. M., Meezan, N. B., Robey, H. F., Salmonson, J. D., Suter, L. J., Zimmerman, G. B., Edwards, M. J., MacGowan, B. J., Kilkenny, J. D., Lindl, J. D., Van Wonterghem, B. M., Atherton, L. J., Moses, E. I., Glenzer, S. H., Landen, O. L. 2012; 108 (13)

    Abstract

    We have imaged hard x-ray (>100 keV) bremsstrahlung emission from energetic electrons slowing in a plastic ablator shell during indirectly driven implosions at the National Ignition Facility. We measure 570 J in electrons with E>100 keV impinging on the fusion capsule under ignition drive conditions. This translates into an acceptable increase in the adiabat α, defined as the ratio of total deuterium-tritium fuel pressure to Fermi pressure, of 3.5%. The hard x-ray observables are consistent with detailed radiative-hydrodynamics simulations, including the sourcing and transport of these high energy electrons.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.135006

    View details for Web of Science ID 000302173000015

    View details for PubMedID 22540711

  • Studying astrophysical collisionless shocks with counterstreaming plasmas from high power lasers HIGH ENERGY DENSITY PHYSICS Park, H., Ryutov, D. D., Ross, J. S., Kugland, N. L., Glenzer, S. H., Plechaty, C., Pollaine, S. M., Remington, B. A., Spitkovsky, A., Gargate, L., Gregori, G., Bell, A., Murphy, C., Sakawa, Y., Kuramitsu, Y., Morita, T., Takabe, H., Froula, D. H., Fiksel, G., Miniati, F., Koenig, M., Ravasio, A., PELKA, A., Liang, E., WOOLSEY, N., Kuranz, C. C., Drake, R. P., Grosskopf, M. J. 2012; 8 (1): 38-45
  • XUV spectroscopic characterization of warm dense aluminum plasmas generated by the free-electron-laser FLASH LASER AND PARTICLE BEAMS Zastrau, U., Burian, T., Chalupsky, J., Doeppner, T., Dzelzainis, T. W., Faeustlin, R. R., FORTMANN, C., Galtier, E., Glenzer, S. H., Gregori, G., Juha, L., Lee, H. J., Lee, R. W., Lewis, C. L., Medvedev, N., Nagler, B., Nelson, A. J., Riley, D., Rosmej, F. B., Toleikis, S., Tschentscher, T., Uschmann, I., Vinko, S. M., Wark, J. S., Whitcher, T., Foerster, E. 2012; 30 (1): 45-56
  • Self-consistent measurement of the equation of state of liquid deuterium HIGH ENERGY DENSITY PHYSICS Falk, K., Regan, S. P., Vorberger, J., Barrios, M. A., Boehly, T. R., Fratanduono, D. E., Glenzer, S. H., Hicks, D. G., Hu, S. X., Murphy, C. D., Radha, P. B., Rothman, S., Jephcoat, A. P., WATT, J. S., Gericke, D. O., Gregori, G. 2012; 8 (1): 76-80
  • Thomson Scattering Measurements of Temperature and Density in a Low-Density, Laser-Driven Magnetized Plasma JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION Schaeffer, D. B., Montgomery, D. S., Bondarenko, A. S., Morton, L. A., Johnson, R. P., Shimada, T., Constantin, C. G., Everson, E. T., Letzring, S. A., Gaillard, S. A., Flippo, K. A., Glenzer, S. H., Niemann, C. 2012; 7
  • An apparatus for the characterization of warm, dense deuterium with inelastic x-ray scattering JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION Davis, P., Doeppner, T., Glenzer, S. H., Falcone, R. W., Unites, W. 2012; 7
  • GIGABAR MATERIAL PROPERTIES EXPERIMENTS ON NIF AND OMEGA SHOCK COMPRESSION OF CONDENSED MATTER - 2011, PTS 1 AND 2 Swift, D. C., Hawreliak, J. A., Braun, D., Kritcher, A., Glenzer, S., Collins, G., Rothman, S. D., Chapman, D., Rose, S. 2012; 1426

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.3686321

    View details for Web of Science ID 000302774300109

  • X-ray Thomson Scattering Measurements from Shock-Compressed Deuterium 17TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ATOMIC PROCESSES IN PLASMAS (ICAPIP) Davis, P., Doeppner, T., Rygg, J. R., FORTMANN, C., Unites, W., Salmonson, J., Collins, G. W., Landen, O. L., Falcone, R. W., Glenzer, S. H. 2012; 1438: 55-60

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4707855

    View details for Web of Science ID 000304804300008

  • Diagnosing Implosions at the National Ignition Facility with X-Ray Spectroscopy 17TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ATOMIC PROCESSES IN PLASMAS (ICAPIP) Regan, S. P., Epstein, R., Hammel, B. A., Suter, L. J., Ralph, J., Scott, H., Barrios, M. A., Bradley, D. K., Callahan, D. A., Collins, G. W., Dixit, S. N., Edwards, M. J., Farley, D. R., Glenzer, S. H., Golovkin, I. E., Haan, S. W., Hamza, A., Hicks, D. G., Izumi, N., Kilkenny, J. D., Kline, J. L., Kyrala, G. A., Landen, O. L., Ma, T., MacFarlane, J. J., MacKinnon, A. J., Mancini, R. C., Marshall, F. J., McCrory, R. L., Meezan, N. B., Meyerhofer, D. D., Nikroo, A., Peterson, K. J., Sangster, T. C., Springer, P., Town, R. P. 2012; 1438: 49-54

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4707854

    View details for Web of Science ID 000304804300007

  • Measurements of the properties of highly compressed degenerate matter using x ray Thomson scattering 17TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ATOMIC PROCESSES IN PLASMAS (ICAPIP) Kritcher, A. L., Doeppner, T., FORTMANN, C., Ma, T., Landen, O. L., Wallace, R., Glenzer, S. H. 2012; 1438: 43-48

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4707853

    View details for Web of Science ID 000304804300006

  • Warm Dense Aluminum Plasma generated by the Free-Electron-Laser FLASH 17TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ATOMIC PROCESSES IN PLASMAS (ICAPIP) Zastrau, U., Vinko, S. M., Wark, J. S., Toleikis, S., Tschentscher, T., Glenzer, S. H., Lee, R. W., Nelson, A. J., Dzelzainis, T. W., Riley, D., Nagler, B., Galtier, E., Rosmej, F. B., Foerster, E. 2012; 1438: 61-64

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4707856

    View details for Web of Science ID 000304804300009

  • Development of X-ray Thomson scattering for implosion target characterization HIGH ENERGY DENSITY PHYSICS Kritcher, A. L., Doeppner, T., FORTMANN, C., Landen, O. L., Wallace, R., Glenzer, S. H. 2011; 7 (4): 271-276
  • A study of the contribution of doubly excited ionic states to the properties of hot dense high-Z plasmas HIGH ENERGY DENSITY PHYSICS Scott, H. A., Whelan, C. T., Glenzer, S. H. 2011; 7 (4): 371-376
  • Stimulated forward Raman scattering in large scale-length laser-produced plasmas JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION Niemann, C., Berger, R. L., Divol, L., Kirkwood, R. K., Moody, J. D., Sorce, C. M., Glenzer, S. H. 2011; 6
  • In-situ determination of dispersion and resolving power in simultaneous multiple-angle XUV spectroscopy JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION Zastrau, U., Hilbert, V., Brown, C., Doeppner, T., Dziarzhytski, S., Foerster, E., Glenzer, S. H., Goede, S., Gregori, G., Harmand, M., Hochhaus, D., Laarmann, T., Lee, H. J., Meiwes-Broer, K., Neumayer, P., Przystawik, A., Radcliffe, P., Schulz, M., Skruszewicz, S., Tavella, F., Tiggesbaeumker, J., Toleikis, S., White, T. 2011; 6
  • Two-color Thomson scattering at FLASH HIGH ENERGY DENSITY PHYSICS Sperling, P., Thiele, R., Holst, B., FORTMANN, C., Glenzer, S. H., Toleikis, S., Tschentscher, T., Redmer, R. 2011; 7 (3): 145-149
  • Progress towards ignition on the National Ignition Facility NUCLEAR FUSION Lindl, J. D., Atherton, L. J., Amednt, P. A., Batha, S., Bell, P., Berger, R. L., Betti, R., Bleuel, D. L., Boehly, T. R., Bradley, D. K., Braun, D. G., Callahan, D. A., Celliers, P. M., Cerjan, C. J., Clark, D. S., Collins, G. W., Cook, R. C., Dewald, E. L., Divol, L., Dixit, S. N., Dzenitis, E., Edwards, M. J., FAIR, J. E., FORTNER, R. J., Frenje, J. A., Glebov, V. Y., Glenzer, S. H., Grim, G., Haan, S. W., Hamza, A. V., Hammel, B. A., Harding, D. R., Hatchett, S. P., Haynam, C. A., Herrmann, H. W., Herrmann, M. C., Hicks, D. G., Hinkel, D. E., Ho, D. D., Hoffman, N., Huang, H., Izumi, N., Jacoby, B., Jones, O. S., Kalantar, D. H., Kauffman, R., Kilkenny, J. D., Kirkwood, R. K., Kline, J. L., Knauer, J. P., Koch, J. A., Kozioziemski, B. J., Kyrala, G. A., La Fortune, K., Landen, O. L., Larson, D., Lerche, R., Le Pape, S., London, R., MacGowan, J., MacKinnon, A. J., Malsbury, T. N., Mapoles, E. R., Marinak, M. M., McKenty, P. W., Meezan, N., Meyerhofer, D. D., Michel, P., Milovich, J., Moody, J. D., Moran, M., Moreno, K. A., Moses, E. I., Munro, D. H., Nikroo, A., Olson, R. E., Parham, T., Patterson, R. W., Peterson, K., Petrasso, R., Pollaine, S. M., Ralph, J. E., Regan, S. P., Robey, H. F., Rosen, M. D., Sacks, R., Salmonson, J. D., Sangster, T. C., Sepke, S. M., Schneider, D. H., Schneider, M. B., Shaw, M., Spears, B. K., Springer, P. T., Stoeckl, C., Suter, L. J., Thomas, C. A., Tommasini, R., Town, R. P., VANWONTERGHEM, B. M., Vesey, R., Weber, S. V., Wegner, P. J., Widman, K., Widmayer, C. C., Wilke, M., Wilkens, H. L., Williams, E. A., Wilson, D. C., Young, B. K. 2011; 51 (9)
  • Ultraviolet Thomson scattering measurements of the electron and ion features with an energetic 263 nm probe JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION Ross, J. S., Divol, L., Sorce, C., Froula, D. H., Glenzer, S. H. 2011; 6
  • Demonstration of a Narrow Energy Spread, similar to 0.5 GeV Electron Beam from a Two-Stage Laser Wakefield Accelerator PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Pollock, B. B., Clayton, C. E., Ralph, J. E., ALBERT, F., Davidson, A., Divol, L., Filip, C., Glenzer, S. H., Herpoldt, K., Lu, W., Marsh, K. A., Meinecke, J., Mori, W. B., Pak, A., Rensink, T. C., Ross, J. S., Shaw, J., Tynan, G. R., Joshi, C., Froula, D. H. 2011; 107 (4)

    Abstract

    Laser wakefield acceleration of electrons holds great promise for producing ultracompact stages of GeV scale, high-quality electron beams for applications such as x-ray free electron lasers and high-energy colliders. Ultrahigh intensity laser pulses can be self-guided by relativistic plasma waves (the wake) over tens of vacuum diffraction lengths, to give >1  GeV energy in centimeter-scale low density plasmas using ionization-induced injection to inject charge into the wake even at low densities. By restricting electron injection to a distinct short region, the injector stage, energetic electron beams (of the order of 100 MeV) with a relatively large energy spread are generated. Some of these electrons are then further accelerated by a second, longer accelerator stage, which increases their energy to ∼0.5  GeV while reducing the relative energy spread to <5% FWHM.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.107.045001

    View details for Web of Science ID 000292822700009

    View details for PubMedID 21867013

  • In-Flight Measurements of Capsule Shell Adiabats in Laser-Driven Implosions PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Kritcher, A. L., Doeppner, T., FORTMANN, C., Ma, T., Landen, O. L., Wallace, R., Glenzer, S. H. 2011; 107 (1)

    Abstract

    We present the first x-ray Thomson scattering measurements of temperature and density from spherically imploding matter. The shape of the Compton downscattered spectrum provides a first-principles measurement of the electron velocity distribution function, dependent on T(e) and the Fermi temperature T(F)∼n(e)(2/3). In-flight compressions of Be and CH targets reach 6-13 times solid density, with T(e)/T(F)∼0.4-0.7 and Γ(ii)∼5, resulting in minimum adiabats of ∼1.6-2. These measurements are consistent with low-entropy implosions and predictions by radiation-hydrodynamic modeling.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.107.015002

    View details for Web of Science ID 000292330900008

    View details for PubMedID 21797548

  • Fully relativistic form factor for Thomson scattering (vol 81, 036411, 2010) PHYSICAL REVIEW E Palastro, J. P., Ross, J. S., Pollock, B., Divol, L., Froula, D. H., Glenzer, S. H. 2011; 83 (5)
  • Point design targets, specifications, and requirements for the 2010 ignition campaign on the National Ignition Facility PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Haan, S. W., Lindl, J. D., Callahan, D. A., Clark, D. S., Salmonson, J. D., Hammel, B. A., Atherton, L. J., Cook, R. C., Edwards, M. J., Glenzer, S., Hamza, A. V., Hatchett, S. P., Herrmann, M. C., Hinkel, D. E., Ho, D. D., Huang, H., Jones, O. S., Kline, J., Kyrala, G., Landen, O. L., MacGowan, B. J., Marinak, M. M., Meyerhofer, D. D., Milovich, J. L., Moreno, K. A., Moses, E. I., Munro, D. H., Nikroo, A., Olson, R. E., Peterson, K., Pollaine, S. M., Ralph, J. E., Robey, H. F., Spears, B. K., Springer, P. T., Suter, L. J., Thomas, C. A., Town, R. P., Vesey, R., Weber, S. V., Wilkens, H. L., Wilson, D. C. 2011; 18 (5)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.3592169

    View details for Web of Science ID 000292209500005

  • Diagnosing and controlling mix in National Ignition Facility implosion experiments PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Hammel, B. A., Scott, H. A., Regan, S. P., Cerjan, C., Clark, D. S., Edwards, M. J., Epstein, R., Glenzer, S. H., Haan, S. W., Izumi, N., Koch, J. A., Kyrala, G. A., Landen, O. L., Langer, S. H., Peterson, K., Smalyuk, V. A., Suter, L. J., Wilson, D. C. 2011; 18 (5)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.3567520

    View details for Web of Science ID 000292209500120

  • Capsule implosion optimization during the indirect-drive National Ignition Campaign PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Landen, O. L., Edwards, J., Haan, S. W., Robey, H. F., Milovich, J., Spears, B. K., Weber, S. V., Clark, D. S., Lindl, J. D., MacGowan, B. J., Moses, E. I., Atherton, J., Amendt, P. A., Boehly, T. R., Bradley, D. K., Braun, D. G., Callahan, D. A., Celliers, P. M., Collins, G. W., Dewald, E. L., Divol, L., Frenje, J. A., Glenzer, S. H., Hamza, A., Hammel, B. A., Hicks, D. G., Hoffman, N., Izumi, N., Jones, O. S., Kilkenny, J. D., Kirkwood, R. K., Kline, J. L., Kyrala, G. A., Marinak, M. M., Meezan, N., Meyerhofer, D. D., Michel, P., Munro, D. H., Olson, R. E., Nikroo, A., Regan, S. P., Suter, L. J., Thomas, C. A., Wilson, D. C. 2011; 18 (5)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.3592170

    View details for Web of Science ID 000292209500006

  • Multi-beam effects on backscatter and its saturation in experiments with conditions relevant to ignition PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Kirkwood, R. K., Michel, P., London, R., Moody, J. D., Dewald, E., Yin, L., Kline, J., Hinkel, D., Callahan, D., Meezan, N., Williams, E., Divol, L., ALBRIGHT, B. L., Bowers, K. J., Bond, E., Rose, H., Ping, Y., Wang, T. L., Joshi, C., Seka, W., Fisch, N. J., Turnbull, D., Suckewer, S., Wurtele, J. S., Glenzer, S., Suter, L., Haynam, C., Landen, O., MacGowan, B. J. 2011; 18 (5)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.3587122

    View details for Web of Science ID 000292209500121

  • The experimental plan for cryogenic layered target implosions on the National Ignition Facility-The inertial confinement approach to fusion PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Edwards, M. J., Lindl, J. D., Spears, B. K., Weber, S. V., Atherton, L. J., Bleuel, D. L., Bradley, D. K., Callahan, D. A., Cerjan, C. J., Clark, D., Collins, G. W., FAIR, J. E., FORTNER, R. J., Glenzer, S. H., Haan, S. W., Hammel, B. A., Hamza, A. V., Hatchett, S. P., Izumi, N., Jacoby, B., Jones, O. S., Koch, J. A., Kozioziemski, B. J., Landen, O. L., Lerche, R., MacGowan, B. J., MacKinnon, A. J., Mapoles, E. R., Marinak, M. M., Moran, M., Moses, E. I., Munro, D. H., Schneider, D. H., Sepke, S. M., Shaughnessy, D. A., Springer, P. T., Tommasini, R., Bernstein, L., Stoeffl, W., Betti, R., Boehly, T. R., Sangster, T. C., Glebov, V. Y., McKenty, P. W., Regan, S. P., Edgell, D. H., Knauer, J. P., Stoeckl, C., Harding, D. R., Batha, S., Grim, G., Herrmann, H. W., Kyrala, G., Wilke, M., Wilson, D. C., Frenje, J., Petrasso, R., Moreno, K., Huang, H., Chen, K. C., Giraldez, E., Kilkenny, J. D., Mauldin, M., Hein, N., HOPPE, M., Nikroo, A., Leeper, R. J. 2011; 18 (5)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.3592173

    View details for Web of Science ID 000292209500007

  • Symmetry tuning for ignition capsules via the symcap technique PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Kyrala, G. A., Kline, J. L., Dixit, S., Glenzer, S., Kalantar, D., Bradley, D., Izumi, N., Meezan, N., Landen, O., Callahan, D., Weber, S. V., Holder, J. P., Glenn, S., Edwards, M. J., KOCH, J., Suter, L. J., Haan, S. W., Town, R. P., Michel, P., Jones, O., Langer, S., Moody, J. D., Dewald, E. L., Ma, T., Ralph, J., Hamza, A., Dzenitis, E., Kilkenny, J. 2011; 18 (5)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.3574504

    View details for Web of Science ID 000292209500117

  • Analysis of the National Ignition Facility ignition hohlraum energetics experiments PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Town, R. P., Rosen, M. D., Michel, P. A., Divol, L., Moody, J. D., Kyrala, G. A., Schneider, M. B., Kline, J. L., Thomas, C. A., Milovich, J. L., Callahan, D. A., Meezan, N. B., Hinkel, D. E., Williams, E. A., Berger, R. L., Edwards, M. J., Suter, L. J., Haan, S. W., Lindl, J. D., Dewald, E. L., Dixit, S., Glenzer, S. H., Landen, O. L., Moses, E. I., Scott, H. A., Harte, J. A., Zimmerman, G. B. 2011; 18 (5)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.3562552

    View details for Web of Science ID 000292209500112

  • Three-wavelength scheme to optimize hohlraum coupling on the National Ignition Facility PHYSICAL REVIEW E Michel, P., Divol, L., Town, R. P., Rosen, M. D., Callahan, D. A., Meezan, N. B., Schneider, M. B., Kyrala, G. A., Moody, J. D., Dewald, E. L., Widmann, K., Bond, E., Kline, J. L., Thomas, C. A., Dixit, S., Williams, E. A., Hinkel, D. E., Berger, R. L., Landen, O. L., Edwards, M. J., MacGowan, B. J., Lindl, J. D., Haynam, C., Suter, L. J., Glenzer, S. H., Moses, E. 2011; 83 (4)

    Abstract

    By using three tunable wavelengths on different cones of laser beams on the National Ignition Facility, numerical simulations show that the energy transfer between beams can be tuned to redistribute the energy within the cones of beams most prone to backscatter instabilities. These radiative hydrodynamics and laser-plasma interaction simulations have been tested against large-scale hohlraum experiments with two tunable wavelengths and reproduce the hohlraum energetics and symmetry. Using a third wavelength provides a greater level of control of the laser energy distribution and coupling in the hohlraum, and could significantly reduce stimulated Raman scattering losses and increase the hohlraum radiation drive while maintaining a good implosion symmetry.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevE.83.046409

    View details for Web of Science ID 000290153000013

    View details for PubMedID 21599318

  • Demonstration of Ignition Radiation Temperatures in Indirect-Drive Inertial Confinement Fusion Hohlraums (vol 106, 085004, 2011) PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Glenzer, S. H., MacGowan, B. J., Meezan, N. B., Adams, P. A., Alfonso, J. B., Alger, E. T., Alherz, Z., Alvarez, L. F., Alvarez, S. S., Amick, P. V., Andersson, K. S., Andrews, S. D., Antonini, G. J., Arnold, P. A., Atkinson, D. P., AUYANG, L., AZEVEDO, S. G., Balaoing, B. N., Baltz, J. A., Barbosa, F., Bardsley, G. W., Barker, D. A., Barnes, A. I., Baron, A., BEELER, R. G., Beeman, B. V., Belk, L. R., Bell, J. C., Bell, P. M., Berger, R. L., Bergonia, M. A., BERNARDEZ, L. J., Berzins, L. V., Bettenhausen, R. C., BHANDARKAR, S. D., Bishop, C. L., Bond, E. J., Bopp, D. R., Borgman, J. A., Bower, J. R., Bowers, G. A., Bowers, M. W., BOYLE, D. T., Bradley, D. K., BRAGG, J. L., Braucht, J., Brinkerhoff, D. L., Browning, D. F., Brunton, G. K., Burkhart, S. C., Burns, S. R., Burns, K. E., Burr, B., BURROWS, L. M., Butlin, R. K., Cahayag, N. J., Callahan, D. A., Cardinale, P. S., Carey, R. W., Carlson, J. W., CASEY, A. D., Castro, C., Celeste, J. R., Chakicherla, A. Y., Chambers, F. W., Chan, C., Chandrasekaran, H., Chang, C., Chapman, R. F., Charron, K., Chen, Y., Christensen, M. J., Churby, A. J., Clancy, T. J., Cline, B. D., Clowdus, L. C., Cocherell, D. G., COFFIELD, F. E., Cohen, S. J., Costa, R. L., Cox, J. R., CURNOW, G. M., Dailey, M. J., Danforth, P. M., Darbee, R., Datte, P. S., Davis, J. A., DEIS, G. A., Demaret, R. D., Dewald, E. L., Di Nicola, P., Di Nicola, J. M., Divol, L., Dixit, S., Dobson, D. B., Doppner, T., DRISCOLL, J. D., Dugorepec, J., DUNCAN, J. J., DuPuy, P. C., Dzenitis, E. G., Eckart, M. J., EDSON, S. L., Edwards, G. J., Edwards, M. J., EDWARDS, O. D., Edwards, P. W., Ellefson, J. C., Ellerbee, C. H., Erbert, G. V., Estes, C. M., Fabyan, W. J., Fallejo, R. N., Fedorov, M., Felker, B., Fink, J. T., FINNEY, M. D., Finnie, L. F., Fischer, M. J., Fisher, J. M., Fishler, B. T., Florio, J. W., Foxworthy, C. B., FRANKS, R. M., Frazier, T., FRIEDER, G., Fung, T., Gawinski, G. N., Gibson, C. R., Giraldez, E., Glenn, S. M., Golick, B. P., Gonzales, H., Gonzales, S. A., Gonzales, M. J., Griffin, K. L., Grippen, J., Gross, S. M., Gschweng, P. H., Gururangan, G., Gu, K., Haan, S. W., Hahn, S. R., Haid, B. J., Hamblen, J. E., Hammel, B. A., Hamza, A. V., Hardy, D. L., Hart, D. R., Hartley, R. G., Haynam, C. A., Heestand, G. M., Hermann, M. R., Hermes, G. L., Hey, D. S., Hibbard, R. L., Hicks, D. G., Hinkel, D. E., Hipple, D. L., Hitchcock, J. D., Hodtwalker, D. L., Holder, J. P., Hollis, J. D., HOLTMEIER, G. M., HUBER, S. R., Huey, A. W., Hulsey, D. N., Hunter, S. L., Huppler, T. R., HUTTON, M. S., Izumi, N., Jackson, J. L., Jackson, M. A., Jancaitis, K. S., JEDLOVEC, D. R., Johnson, B., Johnson, M. C., Johnson, T., Johnston, M. P., Jones, O. S., Kalantar, D. H., Kamperschroer, J. H., Kauffman, R. L., Keating, G. A., Kegelmeyer, L. M., Kenitzer, S. L., Kimbrough, J. R., King, K., Kirkwood, R. K., Klingmann, J. L., Knittel, K. M., Kohut, T. R., Koka, K. G., Kramer, S. W., Krammen, J. E., Krauter, K. G., Krauter, G. W., Krieger, E. K., Kroll, J. J., La Fortune, K. N., LAGIN, L. J., Lakamsani, V. K., Landen, O. L., Lane, S. W., Langdon, A. B., Langer, S. H., Lao, N., Larson, D. W., LaTray, D. A., Lau, G. T., Le Pape, S., Lechleiter, B. L., Lee, Y., Lee, T. L., Li, J., Liebman, J. A., Lindl, J. D., Locke, S. F., Loey, H. K., London, R. A., Lopez, F. J., Lord, D. M., Lowe-Webb, R. R., LOWN, J. G., LUDWIGSEN, A. P., Lum, N. W., LYONS, R. R., Ma, T., MacKinnon, A. J., Magat, M. D., Maloy, D. T., Malsbury, T. N., Markham, G., Marquez, R. M., Marsh, A. A., Marshall, C. D., Marshall, S. R., MASLENNIKOV, I. L., Mathisen, D. G., Mauger, G. J., Mauvais, M., McBride, J. A., McCarville, T., McCloud, J. B., McGrew, A., McHale, B., MacPhee, A. G., MEEKER, J. F., Merill, J. S., Mertens, E. P., Michel, P. A., Miller, M. G., Mills, T. E., Milovich, J. L., Miramontes-Ortiz, R., Montesanti, R. C., Montoya, M. M., Moody, J., Moody, J. D., Moreno, K. A., Morris, J., Morriston, K. M., Nelson, J. R., Neto, M., Neumann, J. D., Ng, E., Ngo, Q. M., Olejniczak, B. L., Olson, R. E., Orsi, N. L., Owens, M. W., Padilla, E. H., Pannell, T. M., Parham, T. G., Patterson, R. W., PAVEL, G., Prasad, R. R., Pendleton, D., PENKO, F. A., Pepmeier, B. L., Petersen, D. E., Phillips, T. W., Pigg, D., Piston, K. W., Pletcher, K. D., Powell, C. L., Radousky, H. B., Raimondi, B. S., Ralph, J. E., Rampke, R. L., Reed, R. K., Reid, W. A., Rekow, V. V., Reynolds, J. L., Rhodes, J. J., Richardson, M. J., RINNERT, R. J., Riordan, B. P., Rivenes, A. S., Rivera, A. T., Roberts, C. J., Robinson, J. A., Robinson, R. B., Robison, S. R., Rodriguez, O. R., Rogers, S. P., Rosen, M. D., Ross, G. F., Runkel, M., Runtal, A. S., Sacks, R. A., Sailors, S. F., Salmon, J. T., Salmonson, J. D., Saunders, R. L., Schaffer, J. R., Schindler, T. M., Schmitt, M. J., Schneider, M. B., Segraves, K. S., Shaw, M. J., Sheldrick, M. E., SHELTON, R. T., Shiflett, M. K., Shiromizu, S. J., Shor, M., Silva, L. L., Silva, S. A., SKULINA, K. M., Smauley, D. A., Smith, B. E., Smith, L. K., SOLOMON, A. L., Sommer, S., Soto, J. G., Spafford, N. I., Speck, D. E., Springer, P. T., Stadermann, M., Stanley, F., Stone, T. G., Stout, E. A., Stratton, P. L., Strauser, R. J., Suter, L. J., Sweet, W., Swisher, M. F., Tappero, J. D., Tassano, J. B., Taylor, J. S., Tekle, E. A., Thai, C., Thomas, C. A., Thomas, A., THROOP, A. L., Tietbohl, G. L., Tillman, J. M., Town, R. P., Townsend, S. L., Tribbey, K. L., TRUMMER, D. J., Truong, J. H., Vaher, J. L., Valadez, M. C., Van Arsdall, P. J., Van Prooyen, A. J., de Dios, E. O., Vergino, M. D., Vernon, S. P., Vickers, J. L., Villanueva, G. T., Vitalich, M. A., Vonhof, S. A., Wade, F. E., Wallace, R. J., WARREN, C. T., Warrick, A. L., Watkins, J., Weaver, S., Wegner, P. J., WEINGART, M. A., Wen, J., White, K. S., Whitman, P. K., Widmann, K., Widmayer, C. C., Wilhelmsen, K., Williams, E. A., Williams, W. H., Willis, L., Wilson, E. F., Wilson, B. A., Witte, M. C., Work, K., Yang, P. S., Young, B. K., Youngblood, K. P., Zacharias, R. A., Zapata, P. G., Zhang, H., ZIELINSKI, J. S., Kline, J. L., Kyrala, G. A., Niemann, C., Kilkenny, J. D., Nikroo, A., Van Wonterghem, B. M., Atherton, L. J., Moses, E. I. 2011; 106 (10)
  • Characterization of a spherically bent quartz crystal for K alpha x-ray imaging of laser plasmas using a focusing monochromator geometry JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION Kugland, N. L., Constantin, C. G., Doeppner, T., Neumayer, P., Glenzer, S. H., Niemann, C. 2011; 6
  • Demonstration of Ignition Radiation Temperatures in Indirect-Drive Inertial Confinement Fusion Hohlraums PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Glenzer, S. H., MacGowan, B. J., Meezan, N. B., Adams, P. A., Alfonso, J. B., Alger, E. T., Alherz, Z., Alvarez, L. F., Alvarez, S. S., Amick, P. V., Andersson, K. S., Andrews, S. D., Antonini, G. J., Arnold, P. A., Atkinson, D. P., AUYANG, L., AZEVEDO, S. G., Balaoing, B. N., Baltz, J. A., Barbosa, F., Bardsley, G. W., Barker, D. A., Barnes, A. I., Baron, A., BEELER, R. G., Beeman, B. V., Belk, L. R., Bell, J. C., Bell, P. M., Berger, R. L., Bergonia, M. A., BERNARDEZ, L. J., Berzins, L. V., Bettenhausen, R. C., Bezerides, L., BHANDARKAR, S. D., Bishop, C. L., Bond, E. J., Bopp, D. R., Borgman, J. A., Bower, J. R., Bowers, G. A., Bowers, M. W., BOYLE, D. T., Bradley, D. K., BRAGG, J. L., Braucht, J., Brinkerhoff, D. L., Browning, D. F., Brunton, G. K., Burkhart, S. C., Burns, S. R., Burns, K. E., Burr, B., BURROWS, L. M., Butlin, R. K., Cahayag, N. J., Callahan, D. A., Cardinale, P. S., Carey, R. W., Carlson, J. W., CASEY, A. D., Castro, C., Celeste, J. R., Chakicherla, A. Y., Chambers, F. W., Chan, C., Chandrasekaran, H., Chang, C., Chapman, R. F., Charron, K., Chen, Y., Christensen, M. J., Churby, A. J., Clancy, T. J., Cline, B. D., Clowdus, L. C., Cocherell, D. G., COFFIELD, F. E., Cohen, S. J., Costa, R. L., Cox, J. R., CURNOW, G. M., Dailey, M. J., Danforth, P. M., Darbee, R., Datte, P. S., Davis, J. A., DEIS, G. A., Demaret, R. D., Dewald, E. L., Di Nicola, P., Di Nicola, J. M., Divol, L., Dixit, S., Dobso, D. B., Doppner, T., DRISCOLL, J. D., Dugorepec, J., DUNCAN, J. J., DuPuy, P. C., Dzenitis, E. G., Eckart, M. J., EDSON, S. L., Edwards, G. J., Edwards, M. J., EDWARDS, O. D., Edwards, P. W., Ellefson, J. C., Ellerbee, C. H., Erbert, G. V., Estes, C. M., Fabyan, W. J., Fallejo, R. N., Fedorov, M., Felker, B., Fink, J. T., FINNEY, M. D., Finnie, L. F., Fischer, M. J., Fisher, J. M., Fishler, B. T., Florio, J. W., Forsman, A., Foxworthy, C. B., FRANKS, R. M., Frazier, T., FRIEDER, G., Fung, T., Gawinski, G. N., Gibson, C. R., Giraldez, E., Glenn, S. M., Golick, B. P., Gonzales, H., Gonzales, S. A., Gonzalez, M. J., Griffin, K. L., Grippen, J., Gross, S. M., Gschweng, P. H., Gururangan, G., Gu, K., Haan, S. W., Hahn, S. R., Haid, B. J., Hamblen, J. E., Hammel, B. A., Hamza, A. V., Hardy, D. L., Hart, D. R., Hartley, R. G., Haynam, C. A., Heestand, G. M., Hermann, M. R., Hermes, G. L., Hey, D. S., Hibbard, R. L., Hicks, D. G., Hinkel, D. E., Hipple, D. L., Hitchcock, J. D., Hodtwalker, D. L., Holder, J. P., Hollis, J. D., HOLTMEIER, G. M., HUBER, S. R., Huey, A. W., Hulsey, D. N., Hunter, S. L., Huppler, T. R., HUTTON, M. S., Izumi, N., Jackson, J. L., Jackson, M. A., Jancaitis, K. S., JEDLOVEC, D. R., Johnson, B., Johnson, M. C., Johnson, T., Johnston, M. P., Jones, O. S., Kalantar, D. H., Kamperschroer, J. H., Kauffman, R. L., Keating, G. A., Kegelmeyer, L. M., Kenitzer, S. L., Kimbrough, J. R., King, K., Kirkwood, R. K., Klingmann, J. L., Knittel, K. M., Kohut, T. R., Koka, K. G., Kramer, S. W., Krammen, J. E., Krauter, K. G., Krauter, G. W., Krieger, E. K., Kroll, J. J., La Fortune, K. N., LAGIN, L. J., Lakamsani, V. K., Landen, O. L., Lane, S. W., Langdon, A. B., Langer, S. H., Lao, N., Larson, D. W., Latray, D., Lau, G. T., Le Pape, S., Lechleiter, B. L., Lee, Y., Lee, T. L., Li, J., Liebman, J. A., Lindl, J. D., Locke, S. F., Loey, H. K., London, R. A., Lopez, F. J., Lord, D. M., Lowe-Webb, R. R., LOWN, J. G., LUDWIGSEN, A. P., Lum, N. W., LYONS, R. R., Ma, T., MacKinnon, A. J., Magat, M. D., Maloy, D. T., Malsbury, T. N., Markham, G., Marquez, R. M., Marsh, A. A., Marshall, C. D., Marshall, S. R., MASLENNIKOV, I. L., Mathisen, D. G., Mauger, G. J., Mauvais, M., McBride, J. A., McCarville, T., McCloud, J. B., McGrew, A., McHale, B., MacPhee, A. G., MEEKER, J. F., Merill, J. S., Mertens, E. P., Michel, P. A., Miller, M. G., Mills, T., Milovich, J. L., Miramontes, R., Montesanti, R. C., Montoya, M. M., Moody, J., Moody, J. D., Moreno, K. A., Morris, J., Morriston, K. M., Nelson, J. R., Neto, M., Neumann, J. D., Ng, E., Ngo, Q. M., Olejniczak, B. L., Olson, R. E., Orsi, N. L., Owens, M. W., Padilla, E. H., Pannell, T. M., Parham, T. G., Patterson, R. W., PAVEL, G., Prasad, R. R., Pendlton, D., PENKO, F. A., Pepmeier, B. L., Petersen, D. E., Phillips, T. W., Pigg, D., Piston, K. W., Pletcher, K. D., Powell, C. L., Radousky, H. B., Raimondi, B. S., Ralph, J. E., Rampke, R. L., Reed, R. K., Reid, W. A., Rekow, V. V., Reynolds, J. L., Rhodes, J. J., Richardson, M. J., RINNERT, R. J., Riordan, B. P., Rivenes, A. S., Rivera, A. T., Roberts, C. J., Robinson, J. A., Robinson, R. B., Robison, S. R., Rodriguez, O. R., Rogers, S. P., Rosen, M. D., Ross, G. F., Runkel, M., Runtal, A. S., Sacks, R. A., Sailors, S. F., Salmon, J. T., Salmonson, J. D., Saunders, R. L., Schaffer, J. R., Schindler, T. M., Schmitt, M. J., Schneider, M. B., Segraves, K. S., Shaw, M. J., Sheldrick, M. E., SHELTON, R. T., Shiflett, M. K., Shiromizu, S. J., Shor, M., Silva, L. L., Silva, S. A., SKULINA, K. M., Smauley, D. A., Smith, B. E., Smith, L. K., SOLOMON, A. L., Sommer, S., Soto, J. G., Spafford, N. I., Speck, D. E., Springer, P. T., Stadermann, M., Stanley, F., Stone, T. G., Stout, E. A., Stratton, P. L., Strausser, R. J., Suter, L. J., Sweet, W., Swisher, M. F., Tappero, J. D., Tassano, J. B., Taylor, J. S., Tekle, E. A., Thai, C., Thomas, C. A., Thomas, A., THROOP, A. L., Tietbohl, G. L., Tillman, J. M., Town, R. P., Townsend, S. L., Tribbey, K. L., Trummer, D., Truong, J., Vaher, J., Valadez, M., Van Arsdall, P., Van Prooyen, A. J., de Dios, E. O., Vergino, M. D., Vernon, S. P., Vickers, J. L., Villanueva, G. T., Vitalich, M. A., Vonhof, S. A., Wade, F. E., Wallace, R. J., WARREN, C. T., Warrick, A. L., Watkins, J., Weaver, S., Wegner, P. J., WEINGART, M. A., Wen, J., White, K. S., Whitman, P. K., Widmann, K., Widmayer, C. C., Wilhelmsen, K., Williams, E. A., Williams, W. H., Willis, L., Wilson, E. F., Wilson, B. A., Witte, M. C., Work, K., Yang, P. S., Young, B. K., Youngblood, K. P., Zacharias, R. A., Zaleski, T., Zapata, P. G., Zhang, H., ZIELINSKI, J. S., Kline, J. L., Kyrala, G. A., Niemann, C., Kilkenny, J. D., Nikroo, A., Van Wonterghem, B. M., Atherton, L. J., Moses, E. I. 2011; 106 (8)

    Abstract

    We demonstrate the hohlraum radiation temperature and symmetry required for ignition-scale inertial confinement fusion capsule implosions. Cryogenic gas-filled hohlraums with 2.2 mm-diameter capsules are heated with unprecedented laser energies of 1.2 MJ delivered by 192 ultraviolet laser beams on the National Ignition Facility. Laser backscatter measurements show that these hohlraums absorb 87% to 91% of the incident laser power resulting in peak radiation temperatures of T(RAD)=300 eV and a symmetric implosion to a 100 μm diameter hot core.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.106.085004

    View details for Web of Science ID 000287732600003

    View details for PubMedID 21405580

  • Observation of High Soft X-Ray Drive in Large-Scale Hohlraums at the National Ignition Facility PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Kline, J. L., Glenzer, S. H., Olson, R. E., Suter, L. J., Widmann, K., Callahan, D. A., Dixit, S. N., Thomas, C. A., Hinkel, D. E., Williams, E. A., Moore, A. S., Celeste, J., Dewald, E., Hsing, W. W., Warrick, A., Atherton, J., Azevedo, S., BEELER, R., Berger, R., CONDER, A., Divol, L., Haynam, C. A., Kalantar, D. H., Kauffman, R., Kyrala, G. A., Kilkenny, J., Liebman, J., Le Pape, S., Larson, D., Meezan, N. B., Michel, P., Moody, J., Rosen, M. D., Schneider, M. B., Van Wonterghem, B., Wallace, R. J., Young, B. K., Landen, O. L., MacGowan, B. J. 2011; 106 (8)

    Abstract

    The first soft x-ray radiation flux measurements from hohlraums using both a 96 and a 192 beam configuration at the National Ignition Facility have shown high x-ray conversion efficiencies of ∼85%-90%. These experiments employed gold vacuum hohlraums, 6.4 mm long and 3.55 mm in diameter, heated with laser energies between 150-635 kJ. The hohlraums reached radiation temperatures of up to 340 eV. These hohlraums for the first time reached coronal plasma conditions sufficient for two-electron processes and coronal heat conduction to be important for determining the radiation drive.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.106.085003

    View details for Web of Science ID 000287732600002

    View details for PubMedID 21405579

  • A diamond detector for X-ray bang-time measurement at the National Ignition Facility JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION MacPhee, A. G., Edgell, D. H., Bond, E. J., Bradley, D. K., Brown, C. G., Burns, S. R., Celeste, J. R., Cerjan, C. J., Eckart, M. J., Glebov, V. Y., Glenzer, S. H., Hey, D. S., Jones, O. S., Kilkenny, J. D., Kimbrough, J. R., Landen, O. L., MacKinnon, A. J., Meezan, N. B., Parker, J. M., SWEENEY, R. M. 2011; 6
  • Ultrafast Melting of Carbon Induced by Intense Proton Beams PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS PELKA, A., Gregori, G., Gericke, D. O., Vorberger, J., Glenzer, S. H., Guenther, M. M., Harres, K., Heathcote, R., Kritcher, A. L., Kugland, N. L., Li, B., Makita, M., Mithen, J., Neely, D., Niemann, C., Otten, A., Riley, D., Schaumann, G., Schollmeier, M., Tauschwitz, A., Roth, M. 2010; 105 (26)

    Abstract

    Laser-produced proton beams have been used to achieve ultrafast volumetric heating of carbon samples at solid density. The isochoric melting of carbon was probed by a scattering of x rays from a secondary laser-produced plasma. From the scattering signal, we have deduced the fraction of the material that was melted by the inhomogeneous heating. The results are compared to different theoretical approaches for the equation of state which suggests modifications from standard models.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.105.265701

    View details for Web of Science ID 000286761900007

    View details for PubMedID 21231678

  • Thomson scattering on inhomogeneous targets PHYSICAL REVIEW E Thiele, R., Sperling, P., Chen, M., Bornath, T., Faeustlin, R. R., FORTMANN, C., Glenzer, S. H., Kraeft, W., Pukhov, A., Toleikis, S., Tschentscher, T., Redmer, R. 2010; 82 (5)

    Abstract

    The introduction of brilliant free-electron lasers enables new pump-probe experiments to characterize warm dense matter states. For instance, a short-pulse optical laser irradiates a liquid hydrogen jet that is subsequently probed with brilliant soft x-ray radiation. The strongly inhomogeneous plasma prepared by the optical laser is characterized with particle-in-cell simulations. The interaction of the soft x-ray probe radiation for different time delays between pump and probe with the inhomogeneous plasma is also taken into account via radiative hydrodynamic simulations. We calculate the respective scattering spectrum based on the Born-Mermin approximation for the dynamic structure factor considering the full density and temperature-dependent Thomson scattering cross section throughout the target. We can identify plasmon modes that are generated in different target regions and monitor their temporal evolution. Therefore, such pump-probe experiments are promising tools not only to measure the important plasma parameters density and temperature but also to gain valuable information about their time-dependent profile through the target. The method described here can be applied to various pump-probe scenarios by combining optical lasers and soft x ray, as well as x-ray sources.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevE.82.056404

    View details for Web of Science ID 000283846000003

    View details for PubMedID 21230599

  • Probing near-solid density plasmas using soft x-ray scattering JOURNAL OF PHYSICS B-ATOMIC MOLECULAR AND OPTICAL PHYSICS Toleikis, S., Bornath, T., Doeppner, T., Duesterer, S., Faeustlin, R. R., Foerster, E., FORTMANN, C., Glenzer, S. H., Goede, S., Gregori, G., Irsig, R., Laarmann, T., Lee, H. J., Li, B., Meiwes-Broer, K., Mithen, J., Nagler, B., Przystawik, A., Radcliffe, P., Redlin, H., Redmer, R., Reinholz, H., Roepke, G., Tavella, F., Thiele, R., Tiggesbaeumker, J., Uschmann, I., Vinko, S. M., Whitcher, T., Zastrau, U., Ziaja, B., Tschentscher, T. 2010; 43 (19)
  • The first measurements of soft x-ray flux from ignition scale Hohlraums at the National Ignition Facility using DANTE (invited) 18th Topical Conference on High-Temperature Plasma Diagnostics Kline, J. L., Widmann, K., Warrick, A., Olson, R. E., Thomas, C. A., Moore, A. S., Suter, L. J., Landen, O., Callahan, D., Azevedo, S., Liebman, J., Glenzer, S. H., CONDER, A., Dixit, S. N., Torres, P., Tran, V., Dewald, E. L., Kamperschroer, J., Atherton, L. J., Beeler, R., Berzins, L., Celeste, J., Haynam, C., Hsing, W., Larson, D., MacGowan, B. J., Hinkel, D., Kalantar, D., Kauffman, R., Kilkenny, J., Meezan, N., Rosen, M. D., Schneider, M., Williams, E. A., Vernon, S., Wallace, R. J., Van Wonterghem, B., Young, B. K. AMER INST PHYSICS. 2010

    Abstract

    The first 96 and 192 beam vacuum Hohlraum target experiments have been fielded at the National Ignition Facility demonstrating radiation temperatures up to 340 eV and fluxes of 20 TW/sr as viewed by DANTE representing an ∼20 times flux increase over NOVA/Omega scale Hohlraums. The vacuum Hohlraums were irradiated with 2 ns square laser pulses with energies between 150 and 635 kJ. They produced nearly Planckian spectra with about 30±10% more flux than predicted by the preshot radiation hydrodynamic simulations. To validate these results, careful verification of all component calibrations, cable deconvolution, and software analysis routines has been conducted. In addition, a half Hohlraum experiment was conducted using a single 2 ns long axial quad with an irradiance of ∼2×10(15) W/cm(2) for comparison with NIF Early Light experiments completed in 2004. We have also completed a conversion efficiency test using a 128-beam nearly uniformly illuminated gold sphere with intensities kept low (at 1×10(14) W/cm(2) over 5 ns) to avoid sensitivity to modeling uncertainties for nonlocal heat conduction and nonlinear absorption mechanisms, to compare with similar intensity, 3 ns OMEGA sphere results. The 2004 and 2009 NIF half-Hohlraums agreed to 10% in flux, but more importantly, the 2006 OMEGA Au Sphere, the 2009 NIF Au sphere, and the calculated Au conversion efficiency agree to ±5% in flux, which is estimated to be the absolute calibration accuracy of the DANTEs. Hence we conclude that the 30±10% higher than expected radiation fluxes from the 96 and 192 beam vacuum Hohlraums are attributable to differences in physics of the larger Hohlraums.

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.3491032

    View details for Web of Science ID 000283754000218

    View details for PubMedID 21034019

  • Mapping the ionization state of laser-irradiated Ar gas jets with multiwavelength monochromatic x-ray imaging REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Kugland, N. L., Doeppner, T., Kemp, A., Schaeffer, D., Glenzer, S. H., Niemann, C. 2010; 81 (10)

    Abstract

    Two-dimensional monochromatic images of fast-electron stimulated Ar Kα and He-α x-ray self-emission have recorded a time-integrated map of the extent of Ar(≈6+) and Ar(16+) ions, respectively, within a high density (10(20) cm(-3) atomic density) Ar plasma. This plasma was produced by irradiating a 2 mm wide clustering Ar gas jet with an ultrahigh intensity (10(19) W/cm(2), 50 TW) Ti:sapphire laser operating at 800 nm. Spherically bent quartz crystals in the 200 (for Kα) and 201 (for He-α) planes were used as near-normal incidence reflective x-ray optics. We see that a large (830 μm long) region of plasma emits Kα primarily along the laser axis, while the He-α emission is confined to smaller hot spot (230 μm long) region that likely corresponds to the focal volume of the f/8 laser beam. X-ray spectra from a Bragg spectrometer operating in the von Hamos geometry indicate that the centroids of the Kα and He-α emission regions are separated by approximately 330 μm along the laser axis.

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.3491221

    View details for Web of Science ID 000283754000253

    View details for PubMedID 21034054

  • Hot electron measurements in ignition relevant Hohlraums on the National Ignition Facility REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Dewald, E. L., Thomas, C., Hunter, S., Divol, L., Meezan, N., Glenzer, S. H., Suter, L. J., Bond, E., Kline, J. L., Celeste, J., Bradley, D., Bell, P., Kauffman, R. L., Kilkenny, J., Landen, O. L. 2010; 81 (10)

    Abstract

    On the National Ignition Facility (NIF), hot electrons generated in laser heated Hohlraums are inferred from the >20 keV bremsstrahlung emission measured with the time integrated FFLEX broadband spectrometer. New high energy (>200 keV) time resolved channels were added to infer the generated >170 keV hot electrons that can cause ignition capsule preheat. First hot electron measurements in near ignition scaled Hohlraums heated by 96-192 NIF laser beams are presented.

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.3478683

    View details for Web of Science ID 000283754000158

    View details for PubMedID 21033965

  • Characterizing high energy spectra of NIF ignition Hohlraums using a differentially filtered high energy multipinhole x-ray imager REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Park, H., Dewald, E. D., Glenzer, S., Kalantar, D. H., Kilkenny, J. D., MacGowan, B. J., Maddox, B. R., Milovich, J. L., Prasad, R. R., Remington, B. A., Robey, H. F., Thomas, C. A. 2010; 81 (10)

    Abstract

    Understanding hot electron distributions generated inside Hohlraums is important to the national ignition campaign for controlling implosion symmetry and sources of preheat. While direct imaging of hot electrons is difficult, their spatial distribution and spectrum can be deduced by detecting high energy x-rays generated as they interact with target materials. We used an array of 18 pinholes with four independent filter combinations to image entire Hohlraums with a magnification of 0.87× during the Hohlraum energetics campaign on NIF. Comparing our results with Hohlraum simulations indicates that the characteristic 10-40 keV hot electrons are mainly generated from backscattered laser-plasma interactions rather than from Hohlraum hydrodynamics.

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.3478682

    View details for Web of Science ID 000283754000246

    View details for PubMedID 21034047

  • A scalable multipass laser cavity based on injection by frequency conversion for noncollective Thomson scattering REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Schaeffer, D. B., Kugland, N. L., Constantin, C. G., Everson, E. T., Van Compernolle, B., Ebbers, C. A., Glenzer, S. H., Niemann, C. 2010; 81 (10)

    Abstract

    A scalable setup using injection by frequency conversion to establish a multipassing cavity for noncollective Thomson scattering on low density plasmas is presented. The cavity is shown to support >10 passes through the target volume with a 400% increase in energy on target versus a single-pass setup. Rayleigh scattering experiments were performed and demonstrate the viability of the cell to study low density plasmas of the order of 10(12)-10(13) cm(-3). A high-repetition, low-energy, single-pass Thomson scattering setup was also performed on the University of California, Los Angeles Large Plasma Device and shows that the multipass cavity could have a significant advantage over the high-repetition approach due to the cavity setup's inherently higher signal per shot.

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.3460626

    View details for Web of Science ID 000283754000056

    View details for PubMedID 21033873

  • Backscatter measurements for NIF ignition targets (invited) REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Moody, J. D., Datte, P., Krauter, K., Bond, E., Michel, P. A., Glenzer, S. H., Divol, L., Niemann, C., Suter, L., Meezan, N., MacGowan, B. J., Hibbard, R., London, R., Kilkenny, J., Wallace, R., Kline, J. L., Knittel, K., Frieders, G., Golick, B., Ross, G., Widmann, K., Jackson, J., Vernon, S., Clancy, T. 2010; 81 (10)

    Abstract

    Backscattered light via laser-plasma instabilities has been measured in early NIF hohlraum experiments on two beam quads using a suite of detectors. A full aperture backscatter system and near backscatter imager (NBI) instrument separately measure the stimulated Brillouin and stimulated Raman scattered light. Both instruments work in conjunction to determine the total backscattered power to an accuracy of ∼15%. In order to achieve the power accuracy we have added time-resolution to the NBI for the first time. This capability provides a temporally resolved spatial image of the backscatter which can be viewed as a movie.

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.3491035

    View details for Web of Science ID 000283754000141

    View details for PubMedID 21033953

  • Thomson-scattering measurements in the collective and noncollective regimes in laser produced plasmas (invited) REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Ross, J. S., Glenzer, S. H., Palastro, J. P., Pollock, B. B., Price, D., Tynan, G. R., Froula, D. H. 2010; 81 (10)

    Abstract

    We present simultaneous Thomson-scattering measurements of light scattered from ion-acoustic and electron-plasma fluctuations in a N(2) gas jet plasma. By varying the plasma density from 1.5×10(18) to 4.0×10(19) cm(-3) and the temperature from 100 to 600 eV, we observe the transition from the collective regime to the noncollective regime in the high-frequency Thomson-scattering spectrum. These measurements allow an accurate local measurement of fundamental plasma parameters: electron temperature, density, and ion temperature. Furthermore, experiments performed in the high densities typically found in laser produced plasmas result in scattering from electrons moving near the phase velocity of the relativistic plasma waves. Therefore, it is shown that even at low temperatures relativistic corrections to the scattered power must be included.

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.3478975

    View details for Web of Science ID 000283754000061

    View details for PubMedID 21033878

  • Measuring symmetry of implosions in cryogenic Hohlraums at the NIF using gated x-ray detectors (invited) REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Kyrala, G. A., Dixit, S., Glenzer, S., Kalantar, D., Bradley, D., Izumi, N., Meezan, N., Landen, O. L., Callahan, D., Weber, S. V., Holder, J. P., Glenn, S., Edwards, M. J., Bell, P., Kimbrough, J., KOCH, J., Prasad, R., Suter, L., Kline, J. L., Kilkenny, J. 2010; 81 (10)

    Abstract

    Ignition of imploding inertial confinement capsules requires, among other things, controlling the symmetry with high accuracy and fidelity. We have used gated x-ray imaging, with 10 μm and 70 ps resolution, to detect the x-ray emission from the imploded core of symmetry capsules at the National Ignition Facility. The measurements are used to characterize the time dependent symmetry and the x-ray bang time of the implosion from two orthogonal directions. These measurements were one of the primary diagnostics used to tune the parameters of the laser and Hohlraum to vary the symmetry and x-ray bang time of the implosion of cryogenically cooled ignition scale deuterium/helium filled plastic capsules. Here, we will report on the successful measurements performed with up to 1.2 MJ of laser energy in a fully integrated cryogenics gas-filled ignition-scale Hohlraum and capsule illuminated with 192 smoothed laser beams. We will describe the technique, the accuracy of the technique, and the results of the variation in symmetry with tuning parameters, and explain how that set was used to predictably tune the implosion symmetry as the laser energy, the laser cone wavelength separation, and the Hohlraum size were increased to ignition scales. We will also describe how to apply that technique to cryogenically layered tritium-hydrogen-deuterium capsules.

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.3481028

    View details for Web of Science ID 000283754000213

    View details for PubMedID 21034014

  • 4 omega Thomson scattering probe for high-density plasma characterization at Titan REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Ross, J. S., Kline, J. L., Yang, S., Henesian, M., Weiland, T., Price, D., Pollock, B. B., Glenzer, S. H. 2010; 81 (10)

    Abstract

    In preparation for the upcoming experiments on the Titan laser at the Jupiter Laser Facility, a new Thomson scattering system has been designed and implemented. This system allows electron temperature and density measurements in a high-density regime (n(e)>10(21) cm(-3)). A 263 nm probe has been demonstrated to produce a total energy of 15 J at 4ω(263 nm) in a 1 ns square pulse with a focal spot size of 100 μm. This probe has been used for imaging Thomson scattering of the ion feature. The goal of this study is to investigate the heating of a preformed plasma by a short-pulse heater beam.

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.3489136

    View details for Web of Science ID 000283754000062

    View details for PubMedID 21033879

  • National Ignition Campaign Hohlraum energetics (vol 17, 056304, 2010) PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Meezan, N. B., Atherton, L. J., Bond, E. J., Callahan, D. A., Dewald, E. L., Dixit, S., Dzenitis, E. G., Edwards, M. J., Haynam, C. A., Hinkel, D. E., Jones, O. S., Landen, O., London, R. A., Michel, P. A., Moody, J. D., Milovich, J. L., Schneider, M. B., Thomas, C. A., Town, R. P., Warrick, A. L., Weber, S. V., Widmann, K., Glenzer, S. H., Suter, L. J., MacGowan, B. J., Kline, J. L., Kyrala, G. A., Nikroo, A. 2010; 17 (10)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.3484873

    View details for Web of Science ID 000283772200098

  • Static ion structure factor for dense plasmas: Semi-classical and ab initio calculations HIGH ENERGY DENSITY PHYSICS Schwarz, V., Holst, B., Bornath, T., Fortmann, C., Kraeft, W., Thiele, R., Redmer, R., Gregori, G., Lee, H. J., Doeppner, T., Glenzer, S. H. 2010; 6 (3): 305-310
  • Self-Guided Laser Wakefield Acceleration beyond 1 GeV Using Ionization-Induced Injection PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Clayton, C. E., Ralph, J. E., ALBERT, F., Fonseca, R. A., Glenzer, S. H., Joshi, C., Lu, W., Marsh, K. A., Martins, S. F., Mori, W. B., Pak, A., Tsung, F. S., Pollock, B. B., Ross, J. S., Silva, L. O., Froula, D. H. 2010; 105 (10)

    Abstract

    The concepts of matched-beam, self-guided laser propagation and ionization-induced injection have been combined to accelerate electrons up to 1.45 GeV energy in a laser wakefield accelerator. From the spatial and spectral content of the laser light exiting the plasma, we infer that the 60 fs, 110 TW laser pulse is guided and excites a wake over the entire 1.3 cm length of the gas cell at densities below 1.5 × 10(18) cm(-3). High-energy electrons are observed only when small (3%) amounts of CO2 gas are added to the He gas. Computer simulations confirm that it is the K-shell electrons of oxygen that are ionized and injected into the wake and accelerated to beyond 1 GeV energy.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.105.105003

    View details for Web of Science ID 000281452000007

    View details for PubMedID 20867526

  • Plasmons in Strongly Coupled Shock-Compressed Matter PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Neumayer, P., FORTMANN, C., Doeppner, T., Davis, P., Falcone, R. W., Kritcher, A. L., Landen, O. L., Lee, H. J., Lee, R. W., Niemann, C., Le Pape, S., Glenzer, S. H. 2010; 105 (7)

    Abstract

    We present the first measurements of the plasmon dispersion and damping in laser shock-compressed solid matter. Petawatt laser produced K-α radiation scatters on boron targets compressed by a 10 ns-long 400 J laser pulse. In the vicinity of the Fermi momentum, the scattering spectra show dispersionless, collisionally damped plasmons, indicating a strongly coupled electron liquid. These observations agree with calculations that include the Born-Mermin approximation to account for electron-ion collisional damping and local field corrections reflecting electron-electron correlations.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.105.075003

    View details for Web of Science ID 000280850600010

    View details for PubMedID 20868053

  • Imaging scattered x-ray radiation for measurement of local electron density in high-energy-density experiments HIGH ENERGY DENSITY PHYSICS Huntington, C. M., Krauland, C. M., Kuranz, C. C., Glenzer, S. H., Drake, R. P. 2010; 6 (2): 194-199
  • Electronic Structure of an XUV Photogenerated Solid-Density Aluminum Plasma PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Vinko, S. M., Zastrau, U., Mazevet, S., Andreasson, J., Bajt, S., Burian, T., Chalupsky, J., Chapman, H. N., Cihelka, J., Doria, D., Doeppner, T., Duesterer, S., Dzelzainis, T., Faeustlin, R. R., FORTMANN, C., Foerster, E., Galtier, E., Glenzer, S. H., Goede, S., Gregori, G., Hajdu, J., Hajkova, V., Heimann, P. A., Irsig, R., Juha, L., Jurek, M., Krzywinski, J., Laarmann, T., Lee, H. J., Lee, R. W., Li, B., Meiwes-Broer, K., Mithen, J. P., Nagler, B., Nelson, A. J., Przystawik, A., Redmer, R., Riley, D., Rosmej, F., Sobierajski, R., Tavella, F., Thiele, R., Tiggesbaeumker, J., Toleikis, S., Tschentscher, T., Vysin, L., Whitcher, T. J., White, S., Wark, J. S. 2010; 104 (22)

    Abstract

    By use of high intensity XUV radiation from the FLASH free-electron laser at DESY, we have created highly excited exotic states of matter in solid-density aluminum samples. The XUV intensity is sufficiently high to excite an inner-shell electron from a large fraction of the atoms in the focal region. We show that soft-x-ray emission spectroscopy measurements reveal the electronic temperature and density of this highly excited system immediately after the excitation pulse, with detailed calculations of the electronic structure, based on finite-temperature density functional theory, in good agreement with the experimental results.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.104.225001

    View details for Web of Science ID 000278207500016

    View details for PubMedID 20867176

  • Symmetry tuning via controlled crossed-beam energy transfer on the National Ignition Facility PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Michel, P., Glenzer, S. H., Divol, L., Bradley, D. K., Callahan, D., Dixit, S., Glenn, S., Hinkel, D., Kirkwood, R. K., Kline, J. L., Kruer, W. L., Kyrala, G. A., Le Pape, S., Meezan, N. B., Town, R., Widmann, K., Williams, E. A., MacGowan, B. J., Lindl, J., Suter, L. J. 2010; 17 (5)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.3325733

    View details for Web of Science ID 000278182900118

  • Laser wakefield acceleration at reduced density in the self-guided regime PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Ralph, J. E., Clayton, C. E., ALBERT, F., Pollock, B. B., Martins, S. F., Pak, A. E., Marsh, K. A., Shaw, J. L., Till, A., Palastro, J. P., Lu, W., Glenzer, S. H., Silva, L. O., Mori, W. B., Joshi, C., Froula, D. H. 2010; 17 (5)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.3323083

    View details for Web of Science ID 000278182900141

  • National Ignition Campaign Hohlraum energetics PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Meezan, N. B., Atherton, L. J., Callahan, D. A., Dewald, E. L., Dixit, S., Dzenitis, E. G., Edwards, M. J., Haynam, C. A., Hinkel, D. E., Jones, O. S., Landen, O., London, R. A., Michel, P. A., Moody, J. D., Milovich, J. L., Schneider, M. B., Thomas, C. A., Town, R. P., Warrick, A. L., Weber, S. V., Widmann, K., Glenzer, S. H., Suter, L. J., MacGowan, B. J., Kline, J. L., Kyrala, G. A., Nikroo, A. 2010; 17 (5)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.3354110

    View details for Web of Science ID 000278182900117

  • Capsule performance optimization in the National Ignition Campaign PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Landen, O. L., Boehly, T. R., Bradley, D. K., Braun, D. G., Callahan, D. A., Celliers, P. M., Collins, G. W., Dewald, E. L., Divol, L., Glenzer, S. H., Hamza, A., Hicks, D. G., Hoffman, N., Izumi, N., Jones, O. S., Kirkwood, R. K., Kyrala, G. A., Michel, P., Milovich, J., Munro, D. H., Nikroo, A., Olson, R. E., Robey, H. F., Spears, B. K., Thomas, C. A., Weber, S. V., Wilson, D. C., Marinak, M. M., Suter, L. J., Hammel, B. A., Meyerhofer, D. D., Atherton, J., Edwards, J., Haan, S. W., Lindl, J. D., MacGowan, B. J., Moses, E. I. 2010; 17 (5)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.3298882

    View details for Web of Science ID 000278182900114

  • X-ray radiography and scattering diagnosis of dense shock-compressed matter PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Le Pape, S., Neumayer, P., Fortmann, C., Doeppner, T., Davis, P., Kritcher, A., Landen, O., Glenzer, S. 2010; 17 (5)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.3377785

    View details for Web of Science ID 000278182900122

  • Experimental basis for laser-plasma interactions in ignition hohlraums at the National Ignition Facility PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Froula, D. H., Divol, L., London, R. A., Berger, R. L., Doeppner, T., Meezan, N. B., Ralph, J., Ross, J. S., Suter, L. J., Glenzer, S. H. 2010; 17 (5)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.3304474

    View details for Web of Science ID 000278182900115

  • Observation of Ultrafast Nonequilibrium Collective Dynamics in Warm Dense Hydrogen PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Faeustlin, R. R., Bornath, T., Doeppner, T., Duesterer, S., Foerster, E., FORTMANN, C., Glenzer, S. H., Goede, S., Gregori, G., Irsig, R., Laarmann, T., Lee, H. J., Li, B., Meiwes-Broer, K., Mithen, J., Nagler, B., Przystawik, A., Redlin, H., Redmer, R., Reinholz, H., Roepke, G., Tavella, F., Thiele, R., Tiggesbaeumker, J., Toleikis, S., Uschmann, I., Vinko, S. M., Whitcher, T., Zastrau, U., Ziaja, B., Tschentscher, T. 2010; 104 (12)

    Abstract

    We investigate ultrafast (fs) electron dynamics in a liquid hydrogen sample, isochorically and volumetrically heated to a moderately coupled plasma state. Thomson scattering measurements using 91.8 eV photons from the free-electron laser in Hamburg (FLASH at DESY) show that the hydrogen plasma has been driven to a nonthermal state with an electron temperature of 13 eV and an ion temperature below 0.1 eV, while the free-electron density is 2.8x10{20} cm{-3}. For dense plasmas, our experimental data strongly support a nonequilibrium kinetics model that uses impact ionization cross sections based on classical free-electron collisions.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.104.125002

    View details for Web of Science ID 000276072400024

    View details for PubMedID 20366540

  • Observation of Relativistic Effects in Collective Thomson Scattering PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Ross, J. S., Glenzer, S. H., Palastro, J. P., Pollock, B. B., Price, D., Divol, L., Tynan, G. R., Froula, D. H. 2010; 104 (10)

    Abstract

    We observe relativistic modifications to the Thomson scattering spectrum in a traditionally classical regime: v(osc)/c = eE(0)/cmomega(0) < 1 and T(e) < 1 keV. The modifications result from scattering off electron-plasma fluctuations with relativistic phase velocities. Normalized phase velocities v/c between 0.03 and 0.12 have been achieved in a N(2) gas-jet plasma by varying the plasma density from 3 x 10(18) cm(-3) to 7 x 10(19) cm(-3) and electron temperature between 85 and 700 eV. For these conditions, the complete temporally resolved Thomson scattering spectrum including the electron and ion features has been measured. A relativistic treatment of the Thomson scattering form factor shows excellent agreement with the experimental data.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.104.105001

    View details for Web of Science ID 000275543500029

    View details for PubMedID 20366433

  • Symmetric Inertial Confinement Fusion Implosions at Ultra-High Laser Energies SCIENCE Glenzer, S. H., MacGowan, B. J., Michel, P., Meezan, N. B., Suter, L. J., Dixit, S. N., Kline, J. L., Kyrala, G. A., Bradley, D. K., Callahan, D. A., Dewald, E. L., Divol, L., Dzenitis, E., Edwards, M. J., Hamza, A. V., Haynam, C. A., Hinkel, D. E., Kalantar, D. H., Kilkenny, J. D., Landen, O. L., Lindl, J. D., Lepape, S., Moody, J. D., Nikroo, A., Parham, T., Schneider, M. B., Town, R. P., Wegner, P., Widmann, K., Whitman, P., Young, B. K., Van Wonterghem, B., Atherton, L. J., Moses, E. I. 2010; 327 (5970): 1228-1231

    Abstract

    Indirect-drive hohlraum experiments at the National Ignition Facility have demonstrated symmetric capsule implosions at unprecedented laser drive energies of 0.7 megajoule. One hundred and ninety-two simultaneously fired laser beams heat ignition-emulate hohlraums to radiation temperatures of 3.3 million kelvin, compressing 1.8-millimeter-diameter capsules by the soft x-rays produced by the hohlraum. Self-generated plasma optics gratings on either end of the hohlraum tune the laser power distribution in the hohlraum, which produces a symmetric x-ray drive as inferred from the shape of the capsule self-emission. These experiments indicate that the conditions are suitable for compressing deuterium-tritium-filled capsules, with the goal of achieving burning fusion plasmas and energy gain in the laboratory.

    View details for DOI 10.1126/science.1185634

    View details for Web of Science ID 000275162100031

    View details for PubMedID 20110465

  • Fully relativistic form factor for Thomson scattering PHYSICAL REVIEW E Palastro, J. P., Ross, J. S., Pollock, B., Divol, L., Froula, D. H., Glenzer, S. H. 2010; 81 (3)

    Abstract

    We derive a fully relativistic form factor for Thomson scattering in unmagnetized plasmas valid to all orders in the normalized electron velocity, beta[over ]=v[over ]/c. The form factor is compared to a previously derived expression where the lowest order electron velocity, beta[over], corrections are included [J. Sheffield, (Academic Press, New York, 1975)]. The beta[over ] expansion approach is sufficient for electrostatic waves with small phase velocities such as ion-acoustic waves, but for electron-plasma waves the phase velocities can be near luminal. At high phase velocities, the electron motion acquires relativistic corrections including effective electron mass, relative motion of the electrons and electromagnetic wave, and polarization rotation. These relativistic corrections alter the scattered emission of thermal plasma waves, which manifest as changes in both the peak power and width of the observed Thomson-scattered spectra.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevE.81.036411

    View details for Web of Science ID 000276199400086

    View details for PubMedID 20365886

  • Suprathermal electrons generated by the two-plasmon-decay instability in gas-filled Hohlraums PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Regan, S. P., Meezan, N. B., Suter, L. J., Strozzi, D. J., Kruer, W. L., Meeker, D., Glenzer, S. H., Seka, W., Stoeckl, C., Glebov, V. Y., Sangster, T. C., Meyerhofer, D. D., McCrory, R. L., Williams, E. A., Jones, O. S., Callahan, D. A., Rosen, M. D., Landen, O. L., Sorce, C., MacGowan, B. J. 2010; 17 (2)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.3309481

    View details for Web of Science ID 000275028700003

  • X-ray Thomson Scattering Measurement in shock-compressed Beryllium 6th International Conference on Inertial Fusion Sciences and Applications Lee, H. J., Doeppner, T., Neumayer, P., Castor, J., Falcone, R. W., FORTMANN, C., Hammel, B. A., Kritcher, A. L., Landen, O. L., Lee, R. W., Meyerhofer, D. D., Munro, D. H., Redmer, R., Regan, S. P., Weber, S., Wallace, R., Glenzer, S. H. IOP PUBLISHING LTD. 2010
  • Inferring the Electron Temperature and Density of Shocked Liquid Deuterium Using Inelastic X-Ray Scattering SIXTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INERTIAL FUSION SCIENCES AND APPLICATIONS, PARTS 1-4 Regan, S. P., Radha, P. B., Boehly, T. R., Doeppner, T., Falk, K., Glenzer, S. H., Goncharov, V. N., Gregori, G., Landen, O. L., McCrory, R. L., Meyerhofer, D. D., Neumayer, P., Sangster, T. C., Smalyuk, V. A. 2010; 244
  • Lasnex simulations of NIF vacuum hohlraum commissioning experiments SIXTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INERTIAL FUSION SCIENCES AND APPLICATIONS, PARTS 1-4 Olson, R. E., Suter, L. J., Kline, J. L., Callahan, D. A., Rosen, M. D., Widmann, K., Williams, E. A., Hinkel, D. E., Meezan, N. B., Rochau, G. A., Warrick, A. L., Langer, S. H., Thomas, C., Dixit, S. N., Dewald, E. L., Schneider, M. B., Moody, J. D., Michel, P., Wallace, R. J., Landen, O. L., Edwards, J., MacGowan, B. J., Glenzer, S. H. 2010; 244
  • X-ray Thomson Scattering for measuring Dense Beryllium Plasma Collisionality SIXTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INERTIAL FUSION SCIENCES AND APPLICATIONS, PARTS 1-4 Doeppner, T., FORTMANN, C., DAVIS, P. F., Kritcher, A. L., Landen, O. L., Lee, H. J., Redmer, R., Regan, S. P., Glenzer, S. H. 2010; 244
  • First hot electron measurements in near-ignition scale hohlraums on the National Ignition Facility SIXTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INERTIAL FUSION SCIENCES AND APPLICATIONS, PARTS 1-4 Dewald, E. L., Suter, L. J., Thomas, C., Hunter, S., Meeker, D., Meezan, N., Glenzer, S. H., Bond, E., Kline, J., Dixit, S., Kauffman, R. L., Kilkenny, J., Landen, O. L. 2010; 244
  • Transport of laser accelerated proton beams and isochoric heating of matter SIXTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INERTIAL FUSION SCIENCES AND APPLICATIONS, PARTS 1-4 Roth, M., ALBER, I., Bagnoud, V., Brown, C., Clarke, R., Daido, H., Fernandez, J., Flippo, K., Gaillard, S., Gauthier, C., Glenzer, S., Gregori, G., Guenther, M., Harres, K., Heathcote, R., Kritcher, A., Kugland, N., Lepape, S., Li, B., Makita, M., Mithen, J., Niemann, C., Nuernberg, F., Offermann, D., Otten, A., PELKA, A., Riley, D., Schaumann, G., Schollmeier, M., Schuetrumpf, J., Tampo, M., TAUSCHWITZ, A., Tauschwitz, A. 2010; 244
  • Dense plasma X-ray scattering: Methods and applications HIGH ENERGY DENSITY PHYSICS Glenzer, S. H., Lee, H. J., Davis, P., Doeppner, T., Falcone, R. W., FORTMANN, C., Hammel, B. A., Kritcher, A. L., Landen, O. L., Lee, R. W., Munro, D. H., Redmer, R., Weber, S. 2010; 6 (1): 1-8
  • Soft X-ray scattering using FEL radiation for probing near-solid density plasmas at few electron volt temperatures HIGH ENERGY DENSITY PHYSICS Toleikis, S., Faeustlin, R. R., Cao, L., Doeppner, T., Duesterer, S., Foerster, E., FORTMANN, C., Glenzer, S. H., Goede, S., Gregori, G., Irsig, R., Laarmann, T., Lee, H. J., Li, B., Mithen, J., Meiwes-Broer, K., Przystawik, A., Radcliffe, P., Redmer, R., Tavella, F., Thiele, R., Tiggesbaeumker, J., Truong, N. X., Uschmann, I., Zastrau, U., Tschentscher, T. 2010; 6 (1): 15-20
  • Measurements of Ionic Structure in Shock Compressed Lithium Hydride from Ultrafast X-Ray Thomson Scattering PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Kritcher, A. L., Neumayer, P., Brown, C. R., Davis, P., Doeppner, T., Falcone, R. W., Gericke, D. O., Gregori, G., Holst, B., Landen, O. L., Lee, H. J., Morse, E. C., PELKA, A., Redmer, R., Roth, M., Vorberger, J., Wuensch, K., Glenzer, S. H. 2009; 103 (24)

    Abstract

    We present the first ultrafast temporally, spectrally, and angularly resolved x-ray scattering measurements from shock-compressed matter. The experimental spectra yield the absolute elastic and inelastic scattering intensities from the measured density of free electrons. Laser-compressed lithium-hydride samples are well characterized by inelastic Compton and plasmon scattering of a K-alpha x-ray probe providing independent measurements of temperature and density. The data show excellent agreement with the total intensity and structure when using the two-species form factor and accounting for the screening of ion-ion interactions.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.103.245004

    View details for Web of Science ID 000272627800020

    View details for PubMedID 20366206

  • Proton acceleration experiments and warm dense matter research using high power lasers PLASMA PHYSICS AND CONTROLLED FUSION Roth, M., ALBER, I., Bagnoud, V., Brown, C. R., Clarke, R., Daido, H., Fernandez, J., Flippo, K., Gaillard, S., Gauthier, C., Geissel, M., Glenzer, S., Gregori, G., Guenther, M., Harres, K., Heathcote, R., Kritcher, A., Kugland, N., Lepape, S., Li, B., Makita, M., Mithen, J., Niemann, C., Nuernberg, F., Offermann, D., Otten, A., PELKA, A., Riley, D., Schaumann, G., Schollmeier, M., Schuetrumpf, J., Tampo, M., TAUSCHWITZ, A., Tauschwitz, A. 2009; 51 (12)
  • Evolution of elastic x-ray scattering in laser-shocked warm dense lithium PHYSICAL REVIEW E Kugland, N. L., Gregori, G., Bandyopadhyay, S., BRENNER, C. M., Brown, C. R., Constantin, C., Glenzer, S. H., Khattak, F. Y., Kritcher, A. L., Niemann, C., Otten, A., Pasley, J., PELKA, A., Roth, M., Spindloe, C., Riley, D. 2009; 80 (6)

    Abstract

    We have studied the dynamics of warm dense Li with near-elastic x-ray scattering. Li foils were heated and compressed using shock waves driven by 4-ns-long laser pulses. Separate 1-ns-long laser pulses were used to generate a bright source of 2.96 keV Cl Ly- alpha photons for x-ray scattering, and the spectrum of scattered photons was recorded at a scattering angle of 120 degrees using a highly oriented pyrolytic graphite crystal operated in the von Hamos geometry. A variable delay between the heater and backlighter laser beams measured the scattering time evolution. Comparison with radiation-hydrodynamics simulations shows that the plasma is highly coupled during the first several nanoseconds, then relaxes to a moderate coupling state at later times. Near-elastic scattering amplitudes have been successfully simulated using the screened one-component plasma model. Our main finding is that the near-elastic scattering amplitudes are quite sensitive to the mean ionization state Z[over ] and by extension to the choice of ionization model in the radiation-hydrodynamics simulations used to predict plasma properties within the shocked Li.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevE.80.066406

    View details for Web of Science ID 000273228000073

    View details for PubMedID 20365285

  • Isochoric heating of reduced mass targets by ultra-intense laser produced relativistic electrons HIGH ENERGY DENSITY PHYSICS Neumayer, P., Lee, H. J., OFFERMAN, D., Shipton, E., Kemp, A., Kritcher, A. L., Doeppner, T., Back, C. A., Glenzer, S. H. 2009; 5 (4): 244-248
  • Measurements of the Critical Power for Self-Injection of Electrons in a Laser Wakefield Accelerator PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Froula, D. H., Clayton, C. E., Doeppner, T., Marsh, K. A., Barty, C. P., Divol, L., Fonseca, R. A., Glenzer, S. H., Joshi, C., Lu, W., Martins, S. F., Michel, P., Mori, W. B., Palastro, J. P., Pollock, B. B., Pak, A., Ralph, J. E., Ross, J. S., Siders, C. W., Silva, L. O., Wang, T. 2009; 103 (21)

    Abstract

    A laser wakefield acceleration study has been performed in the matched, self-guided, blowout regime producing 720 +/- 50 MeV quasimonoenergetic electrons with a divergence Deltatheta_{FWHM} of 2.85 +/- 0.15 mrad using a 10 J, 60 fs 0.8 microm laser. While maintaining a nearly constant plasma density (3 x 10{18} cm{-3}), the energy gain increased from 75 to 720 MeV when the plasma length was increased from 3 to 8 mm. Absolute charge measurements indicate that self-injection of electrons occurs when the laser power P exceeds 3 times the critical power P{cr} for relativistic self-focusing and saturates around 100 pC for P/P{cr} > 5. The results are compared with both analytical scalings and full 3D particle-in-cell simulations.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.103.215006

    View details for Web of Science ID 000272054300030

    View details for PubMedID 20366048

  • X-ray Thomson scattering in high energy density plasmas REVIEWS OF MODERN PHYSICS Glenzer, S. H., Redmer, R. 2009; 81 (4): 1625-1663
  • Turning solid aluminium transparent by intense soft X-ray photoionization NATURE PHYSICS Nagler, B., Zastrau, U., Faeustlin, R. R., Vinko, S. M., Whitcher, T., Nelson, A. J., Sobierajski, R., Krzywinski, J., Chalupsky, J., Abreu, E., Bajt, S., Bornath, T., Burian, T., Chapman, H., Cihelka, J., Doeppner, T., Duesterer, S., Dzelzainis, T., Fajardo, M., Foerster, E., Fortmann, C., Galtier, E., Glenzer, S. H., Goede, S., Gregori, G., Hajkova, V., Heimann, P., Juha, L., Jurek, M., Khattak, F. Y., Khorsand, A. R., Klinger, D., Kozlova, M., Laarmann, T., Lee, H. J., Lee, R. W., Meiwes-Broer, K., Mercere, P., Murphy, W. J., Przystawik, A., Redmer, R., Reinholz, H., Riley, D., Roepke, G., Rosmej, F., Saksl, K., Schott, R., Thiele, R., Tiggesbaeumker, J., Toleikis, S., Tschentscher, T., Uschmann, I., Vollmer, H. J., Wark, J. S. 2009; 5 (9): 693-696

    View details for DOI 10.1038/NPHYS1341

    View details for Web of Science ID 000270095600024

  • Temperature measurement through detailed balance in x-ray Thomson scattering HIGH ENERGY DENSITY PHYSICS Doeppner, T., Landen, O. L., Lee, H. J., Neumayer, P., Regan, S. P., Glenzer, S. H. 2009; 5 (3): 182-186
  • Modelling, design and diagnostics for a photoionised plasma experiment ASTROPHYSICS AND SPACE SCIENCE Hall, I. M., Durmaz, T., Mancini, R. C., Bailey, J. E., Rochau, G. A., Rosenberg, M. J., Cohen, D. H., Golovkin, I. E., MacFarlane, J. J., Sherril, M. E., Abdallah, J., Heeter, R. F., Foord, M. E., Glenzer, S. H., Scott, H. A. 2009; 322 (1-4): 117-121
  • Observation of the Density Threshold Behavior for the Onset of Stimulated Raman Scattering in High-Temperature Hohlraum Plasmas PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Froula, D. H., Divol, L., London, R. A., Berger, R. L., Doeppner, T., Meezan, N. B., Ross, J. S., Suter, L. J., Sorce, C., Glenzer, S. H. 2009; 103 (4)

    Abstract

    We show that the measured stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) in a large-scale high-temperature plasma scales strongly with the plasma density, increasing by an order of magnitude when the electron density is increased by 20%. This is consistent with linear theory, including pump depletion, in a uniform plasma and, as the density is typically constrained by other processes, this effect will set a limit on drive laser beam intensity for forthcoming ignition experiments at the National Ignition Facility. Control of SRS at laser intensities consistent with 285 eV ignition hohlraums is achieved by using polarization smoothing which increases the intensity threshold for the onset of SRS by 1.6 +/- 0.2. These results were quantitatively predicted by full beam three-dimensional numerical laser-plasma interaction simulations.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.103.045006

    View details for Web of Science ID 000268307400036

    View details for PubMedID 19659366

  • Control of 2 omega (527 nm) stimulated Raman scattering in a steep density gradient plasma PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Moody, J. D., Divol, L., Froula, D. H., Glenzer, S. H., Gregori, G., Kirkwood, R. K., Mackinnon, A., Meezan, N., Niemann, C., Suter, L. J., Bahr, R., Seka, W. 2009; 16 (6)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.3143028

    View details for Web of Science ID 000267599400036

  • Ultrafast K alpha x-ray Thomson scattering from shock compressed lithium hydride 50th Annual Meeting of the Division of Plasma Physics of the American-Physical-Society Kritcher, A. L., Neumayer, P., Castor, J., Doeppner, T., Falcone, R. W., Landen, O. L., Lee, H. J., Lee, R. W., Holst, B., Redmer, R., Morse, E. C., Ng, A., Pollaine, S., Price, D., Glenzer, S. H. AMER INST PHYSICS. 2009

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.3099316

    View details for Web of Science ID 000266500600121

  • Frontiers of the physics of dense plasmas and planetary interiors: Experiments, theory, and applications PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Fortney, J. J., Glenzer, S. H., Koenig, M., Militzer, B., Saumon, D., Valencia, D. 2009; 16 (4)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.3101818

    View details for Web of Science ID 000266885800006

  • Energy transfer between laser beams crossing in ignition hohlraums PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Michel, P., Divol, L., Williams, E. A., Thomas, C. A., Callahan, D. A., Weber, S., Haan, S. W., Salmonson, J. D., Meezan, N. B., Landen, O. L., Dixit, S., Hinkel, D. E., Edwards, M. J., MacGowan, B. J., Lindl, J. D., Glenzer, S. H., Suter, L. J. 2009; 16 (4)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.3103788

    View details for Web of Science ID 000266885800052

  • X-Ray Thomson-Scattering Measurements of Density and Temperature in Shock-Compressed Beryllium PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Lee, H. J., Neumayer, P., Castor, J., Doeppner, T., Falcone, R. W., FORTMANN, C., Hammel, B. A., Kritcher, A. L., Landen, O. L., Lee, R. W., Meyerhofer, D. D., Munro, D. H., Redmer, R., Regan, S. P., Weber, S., Glenzer, S. H. 2009; 102 (11)

    Abstract

    We present the first x-ray scattering measurements of the state of compression and heating in laser irradiated solid beryllium. The scattered spectra at two different angles show Compton and plasmon features indicating a dense Fermi-degenerate plasma state with a Fermi energy above 30 eV and with temperatures in the range of 10-15 eV. These measurements indicate compression by a factor of 3 in agreement with Hugoniot data and detailed radiation-hydrodynamic modeling.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.115001

    View details for Web of Science ID 000264380200033

    View details for PubMedID 19392206

  • Magnetically controlled plasma waveguide for laser wakefield acceleration PLASMA PHYSICS AND CONTROLLED FUSION Froula, D. H., Divol, L., Davis, P., Palastro, J. P., Michel, P., Leurent, V., Glenzer, S. H., Pollock, B. B., Tynan, G. 2009; 51 (2)
  • Tuning the Implosion Symmetry of ICF Targets via Controlled Crossed-Beam Energy Transfer PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Michel, P., Divol, L., Williams, E. A., Weber, S., Thomas, C. A., Callahan, D. A., Haan, S. W., Salmonson, J. D., Dixit, S., Hinkel, D. E., Edwards, M. J., MacGowan, B. J., Lindl, J. D., Glenzer, S. H., Suter, L. J. 2009; 102 (2)

    Abstract

    Radiative hydrodynamics simulations of ignition experiments show that energy transfer between crossing laser beams allows tuning of the implosion symmetry. A new full-scale, three-dimensional quantitative model has been developed for crossed-beam energy transfer, allowing calculations of the propagation and coupling of multiple laser beams and their associated plasma waves in ignition hohlraums. This model has been implemented in a radiative-hydrodynamics code, demonstrating control of the implosion symmetry by a wavelength separation between cones of laser beams.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.025004

    View details for Web of Science ID 000262535900036

    View details for PubMedID 19257284

  • Magnetically Controlled Optical Plasma Waveguide for Electron Acceleration ADVANCED ACCELERATOR CONCEPTS Pollock, B. B., Davis, P., Divol, L., Glenzer, S. H., Palastro, J. P., Price, D., Tynan, G. R., Froula, D. H. 2009; 1086: 165-?
  • K-alpha X-ray Thomson Scattering From Dense Plasmas 16th International Conference on Atomic Processes in Plasmas Kritcher, A. L., Neumayer, P., Castor, J., Doeppner, T., Falcone, R. W., Landen, O. L., Lee, H. J., Lee, R. W., Morse, E. C., Ng, A., Pollaine, S., Price, D., Glenzer, S. H. AMER INST PHYSICS. 2009: 286–292
  • Soft X-Ray Thomson Scattering in Warm Dense Matter at FLASH ULTRAFAST PHENOMENA XVI Faeustlin, R. R., Toleikis, S., Bomath, T., Cao, L., Doeppner, T., Duesterer, S., Foerster, E., FORTMANN, C., Glenzer, S. H., Goede, S., Gregori, G., Hoell, A., Irsig, R., Laarmann, T., Lee, H. J., Meiwes-Broer, K., Przystawik, A., Radcliffe, P., Redmer, R., Reinholz, H., Roepke, G., Thiele, R., Tiggesbaeumker, J., Truong, N. X., Uschmann, I., Zastrau, U., Tschentscher, T. 2009; 92: 241-?
  • Study of x-ray radiation from a laser wakefield accelerator ADVANCED ACCELERATOR CONCEPTS Leurent, V., Michel, P., Clayton, C. E., Divol, L., Doppner, T., Glenzer, S. H., Joshi, C., Marsh, K. A., Pak, A., Palastro, J. P., Pollock, B. B., Ralph, J., Tynan, G., Wang, T. L., Froula, D. H. 2009; 1086: 235-?
  • Probing warm dense lithium by inelastic X-ray scattering NATURE PHYSICS Saiz, E. G., Gregori, G., Gericke, D. O., Vorberger, J., Barbrel, B., Clarke, R. J., Freeman, R. R., Glenzer, S. H., Khattak, F. Y., Koenig, M., Landen, O. L., Neely, D., Neumayer, P., Notley, M. M., PELKA, A., Price, D., Roth, M., Schollmeier, M., Spindloe, C., Weber, R. L., Van Woerkom, L., Wuensch, K., Riley, D. 2008; 4 (12): 940-944

    View details for DOI 10.1038/nphys1103

    View details for Web of Science ID 000261386000016

  • Bremsstrahlung and line spectroscopy of warm dense aluminum plasma heated by xuv free-electron-laser radiation PHYSICAL REVIEW E Zastrau, U., FORTMANN, C., Faeustlin, R. R., Cao, L. F., Doeppner, T., Duesterer, S., Glenzer, S. H., Gregori, G., Laarmann, T., Lee, H. J., Przystawik, A., Radcliffe, P., Reinholz, H., Roepke, G., Thiele, R., Tiggesbaeumker, J., Truong, N. X., Toleikis, S., Uschmann, I., Wierling, A., Tschentscher, T., Foerster, E., Redmer, R. 2008; 78 (6)

    Abstract

    We report the creation of solid-density aluminum plasma using free-electron laser (FEL) radiation at 13.5nm wavelength. Ultrashort pulses were focused on a bulk Al target, yielding an intensity of 2x10;{14}Wcm;{2} . The radiation emitted from the plasma was measured using an xuv spectrometer. Bremsstrahlung and line intensity ratios yield consistent electron temperatures of about 38eV , supported by radiation hydrodynamics simulations. This shows that xuv FELs heat up plasmas volumetrically and homogeneously at warm-dense-matter conditions, which are accurately characterized by xuv spectroscopy.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevE.78.066406

    View details for Web of Science ID 000262240600071

    View details for PubMedID 19256961

  • Probing the Hydrogen Melting Line at High Pressures by Dynamic Compression PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Grinenko, A., Gericke, D. O., Glenzer, S. H., Vorberger, J. 2008; 101 (19)

    Abstract

    We investigate the capabilities of dynamic compression by intense heavy ion beams to yield information about the high pressure phases of hydrogen. Employing ab initio simulations and experimental data, a new wide range equation of state for hydrogen is constructed. The results show that the melting line up to its maximum as well as the transition from molecular fluids to fully ionized plasmas can be tested with the beam parameters soon to be available. We demonstrate that x-ray scattering can distinguish between phases and dissociation states.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.194801

    View details for Web of Science ID 000260776300032

    View details for PubMedID 19113275

  • Ultrafast x-ray Thomson scattering of shock-compressed matter SCIENCE Kritcher, A. L., Neumayer, P., Castor, J., Doppner, T., Falcone, R. W., Landen, O. L., Lee, H. J., Lee, R. W., Morse, E. C., Ng, A., Pollaine, S., Price, D., Glenzer, S. H. 2008; 322 (5898): 69-71

    Abstract

    Spectrally resolved scattering of ultrafast K-alpha x-rays has provided experimental validation of the modeling of the compression and heating of shocked matter. The elastic scattering component has characterized the evolution and coalescence of two shocks launched by a nanosecond laser pulse into lithium hydride with an unprecedented temporal resolution of 10 picoseconds. At shock coalescence, we observed rapid heating to temperatures of 25,000 kelvin when the scattering spectra show the collective plasmon oscillations that indicate the transition to the dense metallic plasma state. The plasmon frequency determines the material compression, which is found to be a factor of 3, thereby reaching conditions in the laboratory relevant for studying the physics of planetary formation.

    View details for DOI 10.1126/science.1161466

    View details for Web of Science ID 000259680200037

    View details for PubMedID 18832640

  • Demonstration of x-ray Thomson scattering using picosecond K-alpha x-ray sources in the characterization of dense heated matter REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Kritcher, A. L., Neumayer, P., Lee, H. J., Doeppner, T., Falcone, R. W., Glenzer, S. H., Morse, E. C. 2008; 79 (10)

    Abstract

    We present K-alpha x-ray Thomson scattering from shock compressed matter for use as a diagnostic in determining the temperature, density, and ionization state with picosecond resolution. The development of this source as a diagnostic as well as stringent requirements for successful K-alpha x-ray Thomson scattering are addressed. Here, the first elastic and inelastic scattering measurements on a medium size laser facility have been observed. We present scattering data from solid density carbon plasmas with >1x10(5) photons in the elastic peak that validate the capability of single shot characterization of warm dense matter and the ability to use this scattering source at future free electron lasers and for fusion experiments at the National Ignition Facility (NIF), LLNL.

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.2965778

    View details for Web of Science ID 000260573500158

    View details for PubMedID 19044555

  • Multicentimeter long high density magnetic plasmas for optical guiding REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Pollock, B. B., Froula, D. H., Tynan, G. R., Divol, L., Price, D., Costa, R., Yepiz, F., Fulkerson, S., Mangini, F., Glenzer, S. H. 2008; 79 (10)

    Abstract

    We present a platform for producing long plasma channels suitable for guiding lasers over several centimeters by applying magnetic fields to limit the radial heat flux from a preforming laser beam. The resulting density gradient will be used as an optical plasma waveguide. The plasma conditions have been chosen to be consistent with the requirements for laser wakefield acceleration where multi-GeV electrons are predicted. A detailed description of the system used to produce the high (5 T) magnetic fields and initial results that show a 5 cm long plasma column are discussed.

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.2968711

    View details for Web of Science ID 000260573500307

    View details for PubMedID 19044692

  • High order reflectivity of highly oriented pyrolytic graphite crystals for x-ray energies up to 22 keV REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Doeppner, T., Neumayer, P., Girard, F., Kugland, N. L., Landen, O. L., Niemann, C., Glenzer, S. H. 2008; 79 (10)

    Abstract

    We used Kr K alpha (12.6 keV), Zr K alpha (15.7 keV), and Ag K alpha (22.2 keV) x-rays, produced by petawatt-class laser pulses, to measure the integrated crystal reflectivity R(int) of flat highly oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG) up to the fifth order. The maximum R(int) was observed in first order (3.7 mrad at 12.6 keV), decreasing by a factor of 3-5 for every successive order, and dropping by a factor of 2-2.5 at 22.2 keV. The current study indicates that HOPG crystals are suitable for measuring scattering signals from high energy x-ray sources (E > or = 20 keV). These energies are required to penetrate through the high density plasma conditions encountered in inertial confinement fusion capsule implosions on the National Ignition Facility.

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.2966378

    View details for Web of Science ID 000260573500069

    View details for PubMedID 19044473

  • A pulsed-laser calibration system for the laser backscatter diagnostics at the Omega laser REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Neumayer, P., Sorce, C., Froula, D. H., Divol, L., Rekow, V., Loughman, K., Knight, R., Glenzer, S. H., Bahr, R., Seka, W. 2008; 79 (10)

    Abstract

    A calibration system has been developed that allows a direct determination of the sensitivity of the laser backscatter diagnostics at the Omega laser. A motorized mirror at the target location redirects individual pulses of a millijoule-class laser onto the diagnostic to allow the in situ measurement of the local point response of the backscatter diagnostics. Featuring dual wavelength capability at the second and third harmonics of the Nd:YAG laser, both spectral channels of the backscatter diagnostics can be directly calibrated. In addition, channel cross-talk and polarization sensitivity can be determined. The calibration system has been employed repeatedly over the last two years and has enabled precise backscatter measurements of both stimulated Brillouin scattering and stimulated Raman scattering in gas-filled Hohlraum targets that emulate conditions relevant to those in inertial confinement fusion targets.

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.2953413

    View details for Web of Science ID 000260573500305

    View details for PubMedID 19044690

  • Temporal dispersion of a spectrometer REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Visco, A., Drake, R. P., Froula, D. H., Glenzer, S. H., Pollock, B. B. 2008; 79 (10)

    Abstract

    The temporal dispersion of an optical spectrometer has been characterized for a variety of conditions related to optical diagnostics to be fielded at the National Ignition Facility (e.g., full-aperture backscatter station, Thomson scattering). Significant time smear is introduced into these systems by the path length difference through the spectrometer. The temporal resolution is shown to depend only on the order of the grating, wavelength, and the number of grooves illuminated. To enhance the temporal resolution, the spectral gratings can be masked limiting the number of grooves illuminated. Experiments have been conducted to verify these calculations. The size and shape of masks are investigated and correlated with the exact shape of the temporal instrument function, which is required when interpreting temporally resolved data. The experiments used a 300 fs laser pulse and a picosecond optical streak camera to determine the temporal dispersion. This was done for multiple spectral orders, gratings, and optical masks.

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.2972022

    View details for Web of Science ID 000260573500302

    View details for PubMedID 19044687

  • Optical transmission of glass for the National Ignition Facility near backscatter imagers under x-ray exposure REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS London, R. A., Froula, D. H., Sorce, C. M., Moody, J. D., Suter, L. J., Glenzer, S. H., Jones, O. S., Meezan, N. B., Rosen, M. D. 2008; 79 (10)

    Abstract

    In experiments at the National Ignition Facility (NIF), the near backscatter imager materials need to maintain high optical transmission while exposed to hohlraum generated x rays. Glass plates are incorporated in the design to protect the optical scattering plates from x-ray damage. Radiation environments spanning those expected on NIF have been produced at the Omega Laser Facility by symmetric laser illumination of 1 mm sized gold spheres. The time-dependent ultraviolet transmission of sample glass plates was measured. The data are interpreted with a free electron absorption model. Combined with the simulations of the hohlraum x-ray emission, this model is used to predict the transmission of the glass plates on the NIF. We predict that the plates should perform adequately up to the peak of the laser pulse.

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.2956833

    View details for Web of Science ID 000260573500306

    View details for PubMedID 19044691

  • High contrast Kr gas jet K alpha x-ray source for high energy density physics experiments REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Kugland, N. L., Neumayer, P., Doeppner, T., Chung, H., Constantin, C. G., Girard, F., Glenzer, S. H., Kemp, A., Niemann, C. 2008; 79 (10)

    Abstract

    A high contrast 12.6 keV Kr K alpha source has been demonstrated on the petawatt-class Titan laser facility using strongly clustering Kr gas jet targets. The contrast ratio (K alpha to continuum) is 65, with a competitive ultrashort pulse laser to x-ray conversion efficiency of 10(-5). Filtered shadowgraphy indicates that the Kr K alpha and K beta x rays are emitted from a roughly 1x2 mm(2) emission volume, making this source suitable for area backlighting and scattering. Spectral calculations indicate a typical bulk electron temperature of 50-70 eV (i.e., mean ionization state 13-16), based on the observed ratio of K alpha to K beta. Kr gas jets provide a debris-free high energy K alpha source for time-resolved diagnosis of dense matter.

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.2955709

    View details for Web of Science ID 000260573500175

    View details for PubMedID 19044572

  • Direct measurements of an increased threshold for stimulated Brillouin scattering with polarization smoothing in ignition hohlraum plasmas PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Froula, D. H., Divol, L., Berger, R. L., London, R. A., Meezan, N. B., Strozzi, D. J., Neumayer, P., Ross, J. S., Stagnitto, S., Suter, L. J., Glenzer, S. H. 2008; 101 (11)

    Abstract

    We demonstrate a significant reduction of stimulated Brillouin scattering by polarization smoothing in large-scale high-temperature hohlraum plasma conditions where filamentation is measured to be negligible. The stimulated Brillouin scattering experimental threshold (defined as the intensity at which 5% of the incident light is backscattered) is measured to increase by a factor of 1.7+/-0.2 when polarization smoothing is applied. An analytical model relevant to inertial confinement fusion plasma conditions shows that the measured reduction in backscatter with polarization smoothing results from the random spatial variation in polarization of the laser beam, not from the reduction in beam contrast.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.115002

    View details for Web of Science ID 000259188700024

    View details for PubMedID 18851289

  • Efficient multi-keV X-ray sources from laser-exploded metallic thin foils PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Babonneau, D., Primout, M., Girard, F., Jadaud, J., Naudy, M., Villette, B., Depierreux, S., Blancard, C., Faussurier, G., Fournier, K. B., Suter, L., Kauffman, R., Glenzer, S., Miller, M. C., Grun, J., Davis, J. 2008; 15 (9)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.2973480

    View details for Web of Science ID 000260031400037

  • Plasmon resonance in warm dense matter PHYSICAL REVIEW E Thiele, R., Bornath, T., FORTMANN, C., Hoell, A., Redmer, R., Reinholz, H., Roepke, G., Wierling, A., Glenzer, S. H., Gregori, G. 2008; 78 (2)

    Abstract

    Collective Thomson scattering with extreme ultraviolet light or x rays is shown to allow for a robust measurement of the free electron density in dense plasmas. Collective excitations like plasmons appear as maxima in the scattering signal. Their frequency position can directly be related to the free electron density. The range of applicability of the standard Gross-Bohm dispersion relation and of an improved dispersion relation in comparison to calculations based on the dielectric function in random phase approximation is investigated. More important, this well-established treatment of Thomson scattering on free electrons is generalized in the Born-Mermin approximation by including collisions. We show that, in the transition region from collective to noncollective scattering, the consideration of collisions is important.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevE.78.026411

    View details for Web of Science ID 000259263700072

    View details for PubMedID 18850950

  • X-ray scattering measurements of radiative heating and cooling dynamics PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Gregori, G., Glenzer, S. H., Fournier, K. B., Campbell, K. M., Dewald, E. L., Jones, O. S., Hammer, J. H., Hansen, S. B., Wallace, R. J., Landen, O. L. 2008; 101 (4)

    Abstract

    Spectrally and time-resolved x-ray scattering is used to extract the temperature and charge state evolution in a near solid density carbon foam driven by a supersonic soft x-ray heat wave. The measurements show a rapid heating of the foam material (approximately 200 eV/ns) followed by a similarly fast decline in the electron temperature as the foam cools. The results are compared to an analytic power balance model and to results from radiation-hydrodynamics simulations. Finally, the combination of charge state and temperature extracted from this known density isochorically heated plasma is used to distinguish between dense plasma ionization balance models.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.045003

    View details for Web of Science ID 000258427100028

    View details for PubMedID 18764336

  • X-ray conversion efficiency of high-Z hohlraum wall materials for indirect drive ignition PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Dewald, E. L., Rosen, M., Glenzer, S. H., Suter, L. J., Girard, F., Jadaud, J. P., Schein, J., Constantin, C., Wagon, F., Huser, G., Neumayer, P., Landen, O. L. 2008; 15 (7)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.2943700

    View details for Web of Science ID 000258175800049

  • Three-dimensional modeling of stimulated Brillouin scattering in ignition-scale experiments PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Divol, L., Berger, R. L., Meezan, N. B., Froula, D. H., Dixit, S., Suter, L. J., Glenzer, S. H. 2008; 100 (25)

    Abstract

    The first three-dimensional simulations of a high power 0.351 mum laser beam propagating through a high temperature hohlraum plasma are reported. We show that 3D fluid-based modeling of stimulated Brillouin scattering, including linear kinetic corrections, reproduces quantitatively the experimental measurements, provided it is coupled to detailed hydrodynamics simulation and a realistic description of the laser beam from its millimeter-size envelope down to the micron scale speckles. These simulations accurately predict the strong reduction of stimulated Brillouin scattering measured when polarization smoothing is used.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.100.255001

    View details for Web of Science ID 000257230500029

    View details for PubMedID 18643667

  • High K alpha x-ray conversion efficiency from extended source gas jet targets irradiated by ultra short laser pulses APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS Kugland, N. L., Constantin, C. G., Neumayer, P., Chung, H., Collette, A., Dewald, E. L., Froula, D. H., Glenzer, S. H., Kemp, A., Kritcher, A. L., Ross, J. S., Niemann, C. 2008; 92 (24)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.2945795

    View details for Web of Science ID 000256934900024

  • Energetics of multiple-ion species hohlraum plasmas PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Neumayer, P., Berger, R. L., Callahan, D., Divol, L., Froula, D. H., London, R. A., MacGowan, B. J., Meezan, N. B., Michel, P. A., Ross, J. S., Sorce, C., Widmann, K., Suter, L. J., Glenzer, S. H. 2008; 15 (5)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.2890126

    View details for Web of Science ID 000256305200102

  • Three-dimensional modeling of laser-plasma interaction: Benchmarking our predictive modeling tools versus experiments PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Divol, L., Berger, R. L., Meezan, N. B., Froula, D. H., Dixit, S., Michel, P., London, R., Strozzi, D., Ross, J., Williams, E. A., Still, B., Suter, L. J., Glenzer, S. H. 2008; 15 (5)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.2844361

    View details for Web of Science ID 000256305200108

  • Suppression of stimulated Brillouin scattering by increased Landau damping in multiple-ion-species hohlraum plasmas PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Neumayer, P., Berger, R. L., Divol, L., Froula, D. H., London, R. A., MacGowan, B. J., Meezan, N. B., Ross, J. S., Sorce, C., Suter, L. J., Glenzer, S. H. 2008; 100 (10)

    Abstract

    We demonstrate that multiple-ion-species plasmas greatly reduce stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) in high-electron temperature inertial confinement fusion hohlraums. Landau damping is increased by adding hydrogen to a CO(2) gas filled hohlraum. We find that the SBS reflectivity decreases monotonically with increasing hydrogen fraction from 18% to 3% with a simultaneous increase of laser beam transmission. Detailed simulations with a 3D laser-plasma interaction code are in agreement with the experimentally observed reduction in backscattered light.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.100.105001

    View details for Web of Science ID 000254024500033

    View details for PubMedID 18352195

  • Green frequency-doubled laser-beam propagation in high-temperature hohlraum plasmas PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Niemann, C., Berger, R. L., Divol, L., Froula, D. H., Jones, O., Kirkwood, R. K., Meezan, N., Moody, J. D., Ross, J., Sorce, C., Suter, L. J., Glenzer, S. H. 2008; 100 (4)

    Abstract

    We demonstrate propagation and small backscatter losses of a frequency-doubled (2omega) laser beam interacting with inertial confinement fusion hohlraum plasmas. The electron temperature of 3.3 keV, approximately a factor of 2 higher than achieved in previous experiments with open geometry targets, approaches plasma conditions of high-fusion yield hohlraums. In this new temperature regime, we measure 2omega laser-beam transmission approaching 80% with simultaneous backscattering losses of less than 10%. These findings suggest that good laser coupling into fusion hohlraums using 2omega light is possible.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.100.045002

    View details for Web of Science ID 000252863400047

    View details for PubMedID 18352288

  • Pushing the limits of plasma length in inertial-fusion laser-plasma interaction experiments PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Froula, D. H., Divol, L., London, R. A., Michel, P., Berger, R. L., Meezan, N. B., Neumayer, P., Ross, J. S., Wallace, R., Glenzer, S. H. 2008; 100 (1)

    Abstract

    We demonstrate laser beam propagation and low backscatter in laser produced hohlraum plasmas of ignition plasma length. At intensities I < 5 x 10(14) W cm(-2) greater than 80% of the energy in a blue (3 omega, 351 nm) laser is transmitted through a L=5-mm long, high-temperature (Te = 2.5 keV), high-density (ne = 5 x 10(20) cm(-3)) plasma. These experiments show that the backscatter scales exponentially with plasma length which is consistent with linear theory. The backscatter calculated by a new steady state 3D laser-plasma interaction code developed for large ignition plasmas is in good agreement with the measurements.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.100.015002

    View details for Web of Science ID 000252285500035

    View details for PubMedID 18232778

  • Laser-plasma Interaction in Ignition Relevant Plasmas: benchmarking our 3D modelling capabilities versus recent experiments 5TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INERTIAL FUSION SCIENCES AND APPLICATIONS (IFSA2007) Divol, L., Froula, D., Meezan, N., Berger, R., London, R., Michel, P., Glenzer, S. H. 2008; 112
  • Hohlraum energetics and implosion symmetry with elliptical phase plates using a multi-cone beam geometry on OMEGA 5TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INERTIAL FUSION SCIENCES AND APPLICATIONS (IFSA2007) Regan, S. P., Sangster, T. C., Meyerhofer, D. D., Seka, W., Epstein, R., Loucks, S. J., McCrory, R. L., Stoeckl, C., Glebov, V. Y., Jones, O. S., Callahan, D. A., Amendt, P. A., Meezan, N. B., Suter, L. J., Rosen, M. D., Landen, O. L., Dewald, E. L., Glenzer, S. H., Sorce, C., Dixit, S., Turner, R. E., MacGowan, B. J. 2008; 112
  • Compton scattering measurements from dense plasmas 5TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INERTIAL FUSION SCIENCES AND APPLICATIONS (IFSA2007) Glenzer, S. H., Neumayer, P., Doeppner, T., Landen, O. L., Lee, R. W., Wallace, R. J., Weber, S., Lee, H. J., Kritcher, A. L., Falcone, R., Regan, S. P., Sawada, H., Meyerhofer, D. D., Gregori, G., FORTMANN, C., Schwarz, V., Redmer, R. 2008; 112
  • Target designs for energetics experiments on the National Ignition Facility 5TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INERTIAL FUSION SCIENCES AND APPLICATIONS (IFSA2007) Meezan, N. B., Glenzer, S. H., Suter, L. J. 2008; 112
  • Diagnosing direct-drive, shock-heated, and compressed plastic planar foils with noncollective spectrally resolved x-ray scattering PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Sawada, H., Regan, S. P., Meyerhofer, D. D., Igumenshchev, I. V., Goncharov, V. N., Boehly, T. R., Epstein, R., Sangster, T. C., Smalyuk, V. A., Yaakobi, B., Gregori, G., Glenzer, S. H., Landen, O. L. 2007; 14 (12)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.2819675

    View details for Web of Science ID 000251988200030

  • Experiments and multiscale simulations of laser propagation through ignition-scale plasmas NATURE PHYSICS Glenzer, S. H., Froula, D. H., Divol, L., DORR, M., Berger, R. L., Dixit, S., Hammel, B. A., Haynam, C., Hittinger, J. A., Holder, J. P., Jones, O. S., Kalantar, D. H., Landen, O. L., Langdon, A. B., Langer, S., MacGowan, B. J., MacKinnon, A. J., Meezan, N., Moses, E. I., Niemann, C., Still, C. H., Suter, L. J., Wallace, R. J., Williams, E. A., Young, B. K. 2007; 3 (10): 716-719

    View details for DOI 10.1038/nphys709

    View details for Web of Science ID 000249933900020

  • Creation of hot dense matter in short-pulse laser-plasma interaction with tamped titanium foils PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Chen, S. N., Gregori, G., Patel, P. K., Chung, H., Evans, R. G., Freeman, R. R., Saiz, E. G., Glenzer, S. H., Hansen, S. B., Khattak, F. Y., King, J. A., MacKinnon, A. J., Notley, M. M., Pasley, J. R., Riley, D., Stephens, R. B., Weber, R. L., Wilks, S. C., Beg, F. N. 2007; 14 (10)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.2777118

    View details for Web of Science ID 000250589700050

  • The first target experiments on the national ignition facility EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL D Landen, O. L., Glenzer, S. H., Froula, D. H., Dewald, E. L., Suter, L. J., Schneider, M. B., Hinkel, D. E., Fernandez, J. C., Kline, J. L., Goldman, S. R., Braun, D. G., Celliers, P. M., Moon, S. J., Robey, H. S., Lanier, N. E., Glendinning, S. G., Blue, B. E., Wilde, B. H., Jones, O. S., Schein, J., Divol, L., Kalantar, D. H., Campbell, K. M., Holder, J. P., McDonald, J. W., Niemann, C., MacKinnon, A. J., Collins, G. W., Bradley, D. K., Eggert, J. H., Hicks, D. C., Gregori, G., Kirkwood, R. K., Young, B. K., Foster, J. M., Hansen, J. F., Perry, T. S., Munro, D. H., Baldis, H. A., Grim, G. P., Heeter, R. F., Hegelich, M. B., Montgomery, D. S., Rochau, G. A., Olson, R. E., Turner, R. E., Workman, J. B., Berger, R. L., Cohen, B. I., Kruer, W. L., Langdon, A. B., Langer, S. H., Meezan, N. B., Rose, H. A., Still, C. H., Williams, E. A., Dodd, E. S., Edwards, M. J., Monteil, M., Stevenson, R. M., Thomas, B. R., Coker, R. F., Magelssen, C. R., Rosen, P. A., Stry, P. E., Woods, D., Weber, S. V., Young, P. E., Alvarez, S., Armstrong, G., Bahr, R., Bourgade, J., Bower, D., Celeste, J., Chrisp, M., Compton, S., Cox, J., Constantin, C., Costa, R., Duncan, J., Ellis, A., Emig, J., Gautier, C., Greenwood, A., Griffith, R., Holdner, F., Holtmeier, G., Hargrove, D., James, T., Kamperschroer, J., Kimbrough, J., LANDON, M., Lee, F. D., Malone, R., May, M., Montelongo, S., Moody, J., Ng, E., Nikitin, A., Pellinen, D., Piston, K., Poole, M., Rekow, V., Rhodes, M., Shepherd, R., Shiromizu, S., Voloshin, D., Warrick, A., Watts, P., Weber, F., Young, P., Arnold, P., Atherton, L., Bardsley, G., Bonanno, R., Borger, T., Bowers, M., Bryant, R., Buckman, S., Burkhart, S., Cooper, F., Dixit, S. N., Erbert, G., Eder, D. C., EHRLICH, R. E., Felker, B., Fornes, J., Frieders, G., Gardner, S., Gates, C., Gonzalez, M., Grace, S., Hall, T., Haynam, C. A., Heestand, G., Henesian, M. A., Hermann, M., Hermes, G., Huber, S., Jancaitis, K., JOHNSON, S., Kauffman, B., Kelleher, T., Kohut, T., Koniges, A. E., Labiak, T., Latray, D., Lee, A., Lund, D., Mahavandi, S., Manes, K. R., Marshall, C., McBride, J., McCarville, T., McGrew, L., Mcnapace, J., Mertens, E., Murray, J., Neumann, J., Newton, A., Opsahl, P., Padilla, E., Parham, T., Parrish, G., Petty, C., Polk, M., Powell, C., Reinbachs, I., Rinnert, R., Riordan, B., Ross, G., Robert, V., Tobin, M., Sailors, S., Saunders, R., Schmitt, M., Shaw, M., Singh, M., Spaeth, M., Stephens, A., Tietbohl, G., Tuck, J., Van Wonterghem, B. M., Vidal, R., Wegner, P. J., Whitman, P., Williams, K., Winward, K., Work, K., Wallace, R., Nobile, A., Bono, M., Day, B., Elliott, J., Hatch, D., Louis, H., Manzenares, R., O'Brien, D., Papin, P., Pierce, T., Rivera, G., Ruppe, J., Sandoval, D., Schmidt, D., Valdez, L., Zapata, K., MacGowan, B. J., Eckart, M. J., Hsing, W. W., Springer, P. T., Hammel, B. A., Moses, E. I., MILLER, G. H. 2007; 44 (2): 273-281
  • Space-time characterization of laser plasma interactions in the warm dense matter regime LASER AND PARTICLE BEAMS Cao, L. F., Uschmann, I., Zamponi, F., Kaempfer, T., Fuhrmann, A., Foerster, E., Hoell, A., Redmer, R., Toleikis, S., Tschentscher, T., Glenzer, S. H. 2007; 25 (2): 239-244
  • Role of hydrodynamics simulations in laser-plasma interaction predictive capability PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Meezan, N. B., Berger, R. L., Divol, L., Froula, D. H., Hinkel, D. E., Jones, O. S., London, R. A., Moody, J. D., Marinak, M. M., Niemann, C., Neumayer, P. B., Prisbrey, S. T., Ross, J. S., Williams, E. A., Glenzer, S. H., Suter, L. J. 2007; 14 (5)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.2710782

    View details for Web of Science ID 000246892900112

  • K-alpha conversion efficiency measurements for X-ray scattering in inertial confinement fusion plasmas HIGH ENERGY DENSITY PHYSICS Kritcher, A. L., Neumayer, P., Urry, M. K., Robey, H., Niemann, C., Landen, O. L., Morse, E., Glenzer, S. H. 2007; 3 (1-2): 156-162
  • Derivation of the static structure factor in strongly coupled non-equilibrium plasmas for X-ray scattering studies HIGH ENERGY DENSITY PHYSICS Gregori, G., Ravasio, A., Hoell, A., Glenzer, S. H., Rose, J. 2007; 3 (1-2): 99-108
  • Thomson scattering from near-solid density plasmas using soft X-ray free electron lasers HIGH ENERGY DENSITY PHYSICS Hoell, A., Bornath, T., Cao, L., Doeppner, T., Duesterer, S., Foerster, E., FORTMANN, C., Glenzer, S. H., Gregori, G., Laarmann, T., Meiwes-Broer, K., Przystawik, A., Radcliffe, P., Redmer, R., Reinholz, H., Roepke, G., Thiele, R., Tiggesbaeumker, J., Toleikis, S., Truong, N. X., Tschentscher, T., Uschmann, I., Zastrau, U. 2007; 3 (1-2): 120-130
  • Proof of principle experiments that demonstrate utility of cocktail hohlraums for indirect drive ignition PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Jones, O. S., Schein, J., Rosen, M. D., Suter, L. J., Wallace, R. J., Dewald, E. L., Glenzer, S. H., Campbell, K. M., Gunther, J., Hammel, B. A., Landen, O. L., Sorce, C. M., Olson, R. E., Rochau, G. A., Wilkens, H. L., Kaae, J. L., Kilkenny, J. D., Nikroo, A., Regan, S. P. 2007; 14 (5)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.2712426

    View details for Web of Science ID 000246892900119

  • Laser beam propagation through inertial confinement fusion hohlraum plasmas PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Froula, D. H., Divol, L., Meezan, N. B., Dixit, S., Neumayer, P., Moody, J. D., Pollock, B. B., Ross, J. S., Suter, L., Glenzer, S. H. 2007; 14 (5)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.2515054

    View details for Web of Science ID 000246892900077

  • Demonstration of enhanced radiation drive in hohlraums made from a mixture of high-Z wall materials PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Schein, J., Jones, O., Rosen, M., Dewald, E., Glenzer, S., Gunther, J., Hammel, B., Landen, O., Suter, L., Wallace, R. 2007; 98 (17)
  • Quenching of the nonlocal electron heat transport by large external magnetic fields in a laser-produced plasma measured with imaging thomson scattering PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Froula, D. H., Ross, J. S., Pollock, B. B., Davis, P., James, A. N., Divol, L., Edwards, M. J., Offenberger, A. A., Price, D., Town, R. P., Tynan, G. R., Glenzer, S. H. 2007; 98 (13)

    Abstract

    We present a direct measurement of the quenching of nonlocal heat transport in a laser-produced plasma by applying large external magnetic fields (>10 T). The temporally resolved Thomson-scattering measurements of the electron temperature profile show that the heat front propagation transverse to a high-power laser beam is slowed resulting in extremely strong local heating. We find agreement with hydrodynamic modeling when including a magnetic field model that self-consistently evolves the fields in the plasma.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.98.135001

    View details for Web of Science ID 000245331500040

    View details for PubMedID 17501207

  • Ideal laser-beam propagation through high-temperature ignition hohlraum plasmas PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Froula, D. H., Divol, L., Meezan, N. B., Dixit, S., Moody, J. D., Neumayer, P., Pollock, B. B., Ross, J. S., Glenzer, S. H. 2007; 98 (8)

    Abstract

    We demonstrate that a blue (3omega, 351 nm) laser beam with an intensity of 2 x 10(15) W cm(-2) propagates nearly within the original beam cone through a millimeter scale, T(e)=3.5 keV high density (n(e)=5 x 10(20) cm(-3)) plasma. The beam produced less than 1% total backscatter at these high temperatures and densities; the resulting transmission is greater than 90%. Scaling of the electron temperature in the plasma shows that the plasma becomes transparent for uniform electron temperatures above 3 keV. These results are consistent with linear theory thresholds for both filamentation and backscatter instabilities inferred from detailed hydrodynamic simulations. This provides a strong justification for current inertial confinement fusion designs to remain below these thresholds.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.98.085001

    View details for Web of Science ID 000244420700034

    View details for PubMedID 17359104

  • Observations of plasmons in warm dense matter PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Glenzer, S. H., Landen, O. L., Neumayer, P., Lee, R. W., Widmann, K., Pollaine, S. W., Wallace, R. J., Gregori, G., Hoell, A., Bornath, T., Thiele, R., Schwarz, V., Kraeft, W., Redmer, R. 2007; 98 (6)

    Abstract

    We present the first collective x-ray scattering measurements of plasmons in solid-density plasmas. The forward scattering spectra of a laser-produced narrow-band x-ray line from isochorically heated beryllium show that the plasmon frequency is a sensitive measure of the electron density. Dynamic structure calculations that include collisions and detailed balance match the measured plasmon spectrum indicating that this technique will enable new applications to determine the equation of state and compressibility of dense matter.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.98.065002

    View details for Web of Science ID 000244117400036

    View details for PubMedID 17358952

  • Hypernetted chain calculations for two-component plasmas CONTRIBUTIONS TO PLASMA PHYSICS Schwarz, V., Bornath, T., Kraeft, W., Glenzer, S. H., Hoell, A., Redmer, R. 2007; 47 (4-5): 324-330
  • X-ray Thomson scattering from dense Plasmas ATOMIC PROCESSES IN PLASMAS Glenzer, S. H. 2007; 926: 8-17
  • Shift of ClK alpha and K-beta lines in laser produced dense plasmas CONTRIBUTIONS TO PLASMA PHYSICS Sengebusch, A., Glenzer, S. H., Kritcher, A. L., Reinholz, H., Roepke, G. 2007; 47 (4-5): 309-314
  • High magnetic field generation for laser-plasma experiments REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Pollock, B. B., Froula, D. H., DAVIS, P. F., Ross, J. S., Fulkerson, S., Bower, J., Satariano, J., Price, D., Krushelnick, K., Glenzer, S. H. 2006; 77 (11)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.2356854

    View details for Web of Science ID 000242408600028

  • Thomson scattering from a shock front REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Reighard, A. B., Drake, R. P., Donajkowski, T., Grosskopf, M., Dannenberg, K. K., Froula, D., Glenzer, S., Ross, J. S., Edwards, J. 2006; 77 (10)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.2220069

    View details for Web of Science ID 000241722800078

  • Qualification of a near backscattering imaging system on the National Ignition Facility REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS MacKinnon, A. J., Niemann, C., Piston, K., Holtmeier, G., McCarville, T., Jones, G., Reinbachs, I., Costa, R., Celeste, J., Griffith, R., Kirkwood, R. K., MacGowan, B. J., Glenzer, S. H. 2006; 77 (10)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.2336466

    View details for Web of Science ID 000241722800103

  • Implementation of imaging Thomson scattering on the Omega Laser REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Ross, J. S., Froula, D. H., MacKinnon, A. J., Sorce, C., Meezan, N., Glenzer, S. H., Armstrong, W., Bahr, R., Huff, R., Thorp, K. 2006; 77 (10)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.2220077

    View details for Web of Science ID 000241722800094

  • Solid-density plasma characterization with x-ray scattering on the 200 J Janus laser REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Neumayer, P., Gregori, G., Ravasio, A., Koenig, M., Price, D., Widmann, K., Bastea, M., Landen, O. L., Glenzer, S. H. 2006; 77 (10)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.2235648

    View details for Web of Science ID 000241722800215

  • 3 omega transmitted beam diagnostic at the Omega Laser Facility REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Froula, D. H., Rekow, V., Sorce, C., Piston, K., Knight, R., Alvarez, S., Griffith, R., Hargrove, D., Ross, J. S., Dixit, S., Pollock, B., Divol, L., Glenzer, S. H., Armstrong, W., Bahr, R., Thorp, K., Pien, G. 2006; 77 (10)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.2221911

    View details for Web of Science ID 000241722800081

  • Thomson-scattering techniques to diagnose local electron and ion temperatures, density, and plasma wave amplitudes in laser produced plasmas (invited) REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Froula, D. H., Ross, J. S., Divol, L., Glenzer, S. H. 2006; 77 (10)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.2336451

    View details for Web of Science ID 000241722800096

  • Laser light backscatter from intermediate and high Z plasmas PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Berger, R. L., Constantin, C., Divol, L., Meezan, N., Froula, D. H., Glenzer, S. H., Suter, L. J., Niemann, C. 2006; 13 (9)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.2231510

    View details for Web of Science ID 000240877800041

  • Generalized x-ray scattering cross section from nonequilibrium plasmas PHYSICAL REVIEW E Gregori, G., Glenzer, S. H., Landen, O. L. 2006; 74 (2)

    Abstract

    We propose a modified x-ray form factor that describes the scattering cross section in warm dense matter valid for both the plasma and the solid (crystalline) state. Our model accounts for the effect of lattice correlations on the electron-electron dynamic structure, as well as provides a smooth transition between the solid and the plasma scattering cross sections. In addition, we generalize the expression of the dynamic structure in the case of a two-temperature system (with different electron and ion temperatures). This work provides a unified description of the x-ray scattering processes in warm and dense matter, as the one encountered in inertial confinement fusion, laboratory astrophysics, material science, and high-energy density physics and it can be used to verify temperature relaxation mechanisms in such environments.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevE.74.026402

    View details for Web of Science ID 000240238200052

    View details for PubMedID 17025545

  • X-ray flux and X-ray burnthrough experiments on reduced-scale targets at the NIF and OMEGA lasers JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE IV Schneider, M. B., Hinkel, D. E., Young, B. K., Holder, J. P., Langdon, A. B., Baldis, H. A., Bahr, R., Bower, D. E., Bruns, H. C., Campbell, K. M., Celeste, J. R., Compson, S., Constantin, C. G., Dewald, E. L., Dixit, S. N., Eckart, M. J., Eder, D. C., Edwards, M. J., Ellis, A. D., Emig, J. A., Froula, D. H., Glebov, V., Glenzer, S. H., Hargrove, D., Haynam, C. A., Heeter, R. F., Henesian, M. A., Holtmeier, G., James, D. L., Jancaitis, K. S., Kalantar, D. H., Kamperschroer, J. H., Kauffman, R. L., Kimbrough, J., Kirkwood, R., Koniges, A. E., Landen, O. L., LANDON, M., Lee, F. D., MacGowan, B. J., MacKinnon, A. J., Manes, K. R., Marshall, C., May, M. J., McDonald, J. W., Menapace, J., Moon, S. J., Moses, E. I., Munro, D. H., Murray, J. R., Niemann, C., Pellinen, D., Piston, K., Power, G. D., Rekow, V., Roberts, S., Ruppe, J. A., Schein, J., Seka, W., Shepherd, R., Singh, M. S., Sorce, C., Springer, P. T., Still, C. H., Stoeckl, C., Suter, L. J., Tietbohl, G. L., Turner, R. E., Van Wonterghem, B. M., Wallace, R. J., Warrick, A., Watts, P., Weber, F., Wegner, P. J., Williams, E. A., Young, P. E. 2006; 133: 1205-1208
  • Measurements of gas filled halfraum energetics at the national ignition facility using a single quad JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE IV Kline, J. L., Fernandez, J. C., Goldman, S. R., Braun, D., Landen, O., Niemann, C., Gautier, D. C., Hegelich, B. M., Montgomery, D. S., Lanier, N. E., Rose, H. A., Workman, J. B., Campbell, K., Celeste, J., Dewald, E., Glenzer, S., Hinkel, D., Holder, J., Kalantar, D., Kamperschroer, J., Kimbrough, J., Kirkwood, R., Lee, F. D., MacGowan, B., Mackinnon, A., McDonald, J., Schein, J., Schneider, M., Suter, L., Young, B. 2006; 133: 919-923
  • The first experiments on the national ignition facility JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE IV Landen, O. L., Glenzer, S., Froula, D., Dewald, E., Suter, L. J., Schneider, M., Hinkel, D., Fernandez, J., Kline, J., Goldman, S., Braun, D., Celliers, P., Moon, S., Robey, H., Lanier, N., Glendinning, G., Blue, B., Wilde, B., Jones, O., Schein, J., Divol, L., Kalantar, D., Campbell, K., Holder, J., McDonald, J., Niemann, C., Mackinnon, A., Collins, R., Bradley, D., Eggert, J., Hicks, D., Gregori, G., Kirkwood, R., Niemann, C., Young, B., Foster, J., Hansen, F., Perry, T., Munro, D., Baldis, H., Grim, G., Heeter, R., Hegelich, B., Montgomery, D., Rochau, G., Olson, R., Turner, R., Workman, J., Berger, R., Cohen, B., Kruer, W., Langdon, B., Langer, S., Meezan, N., Rose, H., Still, B., Williams, E., Dodd, E., Edwards, J., Monteil, M., Stevenson, M., Thomas, B., Coker, R., Magelssen, G., Rosen, P., Stry, P., Woods, D., Weber, S., Alvarez, S., Armstrong, G., Bahr, R., Bourgade, J., Bower, D., Celeste, J., Chrisp, M., Compton, S., Cox, J., Constantin, C., Costa, R., Duncan, J., Ellis, A., Emig, J., Gautier, C., Greenwood, A., Griffith, R., Holdner, F., Holtmeier, G., Hargrove, D., James, T., Kamperschroer, J., Kimbrough, J., LANDON, M., Lee, D., Malone, R., May, M., Montelongo, S., Moody, J., Ng, E., Nikitin, A., Pellinen, D., Piston, K., Poole, M., Rekow, V., Rhodes, M., Shepherd, R., Shiromizu, S., Voloshin, D., Warrick, A., Watts, P., Weber, F., Young, P., Arnold, P., Atherton, L., Bardsley, G., Bonanno, R., Borger, T., Bowers, M., Bryant, R., Buckman, S., Burkhart, S., Cooper, F., Dixit, S., Erbert, G., Eder, D., Ehrlich, B., Felker, B., Fornes, J., Frieders, G., Gardner, S., Gates, C., Gonzalez, M., Grace, S., Hall, T., Haynam, C., Heestand, G., Henesian, M., Hermann, M., Hermes, G., Huber, S., Jancaitis, K., JOHNSON, S., Kauffman, B., Kelleher, T., Kohut, T., Koniges, A. E., Labiak, T., Latray, D., Lee, A., Lund, D., Mahavandi, S., Manes, K. R., Marshall, C., McBride, J., McCarville, T., McGrew, L., Menapace, J., Mertens, E., Munro, D., Murray, J., Neumann, J., Newton, M., Opsahl, P., Padilla, E., Parham, T., Parrish, G., Petty, C., Polk, M., Powell, C., Reinbachs, I., Rinnert, R., Riordan, B., Ross, G., Robert, V., Tobin, M., Sailors, S., Saunders, R., Schmitt, M., Shaw, M., Singh, M., Spaeth, M., Stephens, A., Tietbohl, G., Tuck, J., Van Wonterghem, B., Vidal, R., Wegner, P., Whitman, P., Williams, K., Winward, K., Work, K., Wallace, R., Nobile, A., Bono, M., Day, B., Elliott, J., Hatch, D., Louis, H., Manzenares, R., O'Brien, D., Papin, P., Pierce, T., Rivera, G., Ruppe, J., Sandoval, D., Schmidt, D., Valdez, L., Zapata, K., MacGowan, B., Eckart, M., Hsing, W., Springer, P., Hammel, B., Moses, E., Miller, G. 2006; 133: 43-45
  • Laser coupling to reduced-scale targets at NIF early light JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE IV Hinkel, D. E., Schneider, M. B., Young, B. K., Holder, J. P., Langdon, A. B., Baldis, H. A., Bonanno, G., Bower, D. E., Bruns, H. C., Campbell, K. M., Celeste, J. R., Compton, S., Costa, R. L., Dewald, E. L., Dixit, S. N., Eckart, M. J., Eder, D. C., Edwards, M. J., Ellis, A. D., Emig, J. A., Froula, D. H., Glenzer, S. H., Hargrove, D., Haynam, C. A., Heeter, R. F., Henesian, M. A., Holtmeier, G., James, D. L., Jancaitis, K. S., Kalantar, D. H., Kamperschroer, J. H., Kauffman, R. L., Kimbrough, J., Kirkwood, R. K., Koniges, A. E., Landen, O. L., LANDON, M., Lee, F. D., MacGowan, B. J., MacKinnon, A. J., Manes, K. R., Marshall, C., May, M. J., McDonald, J. W., Menapace, J., Moses, S. E., Munro, D. H., Murray, J. R., Niemann, C., Pellinen, D., Power, G. D., Rekow, V., Ruppe, J. A., Schein, J., Shepherd, R., Singh, M. S., Springer, P. T., Still, C. H., Suter, L. J., Tietbohl, G. L., Turner, R. E., VANWONTERGHEM, B. M., Wallace, R. J., Warrick, A., Watts, P., Weber, F., Wegner, P. J., Williams, E. A., Young, P. E. 2006; 133: 237-241
  • Efficient coupling of 527 nm laser beam power to a long scalelength plasma JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE IV Moody, J. D., Divol, L., Glenzer, S. H., MacKinnon, A. J., Froula, D. H., Gregori, G., Kruer, W. L., Meezan, N. B., Suter, L. J., Williams, E. A., Bahr, R., Seka, W. 2006; 133: 321-324
  • Limits on collective X-ray scattering imposed by coherence EUROPHYSICS LETTERS Gregori, G., Tommasini, R., Landen, O. L., Lee, R. W., Glenzer, S. H. 2006; 74 (4): 637-643
  • Measurement of carbon ionization balance in high-temperature plasma mixtures by temporally resolved X-ray scattering JOURNAL OF QUANTITATIVE SPECTROSCOPY & RADIATIVE TRANSFER Gregori, G., Glenzer, S. H., Chung, H. K., Froula, D. H., Lee, R. W., Meezan, N. B., Moody, J. D., Niemann, C., Landen, O. L., Holst, B., Redmer, R., Regan, S. P., Sawada, H. 2006; 99 (1-3): 225-237
  • X-ray probe development for collective scattering measurements in dense plasmas JOURNAL OF QUANTITATIVE SPECTROSCOPY & RADIATIVE TRANSFER Urry, M. K., Gregori, G., Landen, O. L., Pak, A., Glenzer, S. H. 2006; 99 (1-3): 636-648
  • Electron-density scaling of conversion efficiency of laser energy into L-shell X-rays JOURNAL OF QUANTITATIVE SPECTROSCOPY & RADIATIVE TRANSFER Fournier, K. B., Constantin, C., Back, C. A., Suter, L., Chung, H. K., Miller, M. C., Froula, D. H., Gregori, G., Glenzer, S. H., Dewald, E. L., Landen, O. L. 2006; 99 (1-3): 186-198
  • First hohlraum drive studies on the National Ignition Facility PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Dewald, E. L., Landen, O. L., Suter, L. J., Schein, J., Holder, J., Campbell, K., Glenzer, S. H., McDonald, J. W., Niemann, C., MacKinnon, A. J., Schneider, M. S., Haynam, C., Hinkel, D., Hammel, B. A. 2006; 13 (5)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.2178783

    View details for Web of Science ID 000237943000132

  • Thomson-scattering measurements of high electron temperature hohlraum plasmas for laser-plasma interaction studies PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Froula, D. H., Ross, J. S., Divol, L., Meezan, N., MacKinnon, A. J., Wallace, R., Glenzer, S. H. 2006; 13 (5)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.2203232

    View details for Web of Science ID 000237943000050

  • Gas-filled hohlraum experiments at the National Ignition Facility PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Fernandez, J. C., Goldman, S. R., Kline, J. L., Dodd, E. S., Gautier, C., Grim, G. P., Hegelich, B. M., Montgomery, D. S., Lanier, N. E., Rose, H., Schmidt, D. W., Workman, J. B., Braun, D. G., Dewald, E. L., Landen, O. L., Campbell, K. M., Holder, J. P., MacKinnon, A. J., Niemann, C., Schein, J., Young, B. K., Celeste, J. R., Dixit, S. N., Eder, D. C., Glenzer, S. H., Haynam, C. A., Hinkel, D., Kalantar, D., Kamperschroer, J., Kauffman, R. L., Kirkwood, R., Koniges, A. E., Lee, F. D., MacGowan, B. J., Manes, K. R., McDonald, J. W., Schneider, M. B., Shaw, M. J., Suter, L. J., Wallace, R. J., Weber, F. A., Kaae, J. L. 2006; 13 (5)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.2183907

    View details for Web of Science ID 000237943000136

  • Hot surface ionic line emission and cold K-inner shell emission from petawatt-laser-irradiated Cu foil targets PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Theobald, W., Akli, K., Clarke, R., Delettrez, J. A., Freeman, R. R., Glenzer, S., Green, J., Gregori, G., Heathcote, R., Izumi, N., King, J. A., Koch, J. A., Kuba, J., Lancaster, K., MacKinnon, A. J., Key, M., Mileham, C., Myatt, J., Neely, D., Norreys, P. A., Park, H. S., Pasley, J., Patel, P., Regan, S. P., Sawada, H., Shepherd, R., Snavely, R., Stephens, R. B., Stoeckl, C., Storm, M., Zhang, B., Sangster, T. C. 2006; 13 (4)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.2188912

    View details for Web of Science ID 000237137000037

  • High energy density science with FELs, intense short pulse tunable x-ray sources HIGH-POWER LASER ABLATION VI, PTS 1 AND 2 Lee, R. W., Moon, S. J., Chung, H. K., Cauble, R. C., Glenzer, S., Landen, O. L., Rose, S. J., Scott, H. A., Gregori, G., Riley, D. 2006; 6261

    View details for DOI 10.1117/12.674424

    View details for Web of Science ID 000239450500001

  • First laser-plasma interaction and hohlraum experiments on the National Ignition Facility PLASMA PHYSICS AND CONTROLLED FUSION Dewald, E. L., Glenzer, S. H., Landen, O. L., Suter, L. J., Jones, O. S., Schein, J., Froula, D., Divol, L., Campbell, K., Schneider, M. S., Holder, J., McDonald, P. W., Niemann, C., MacKinnon, A. J., Hammel, B. A. 2005; 47: B405-B417
  • Integrated laser-target interaction experiments on the RAL petawatt laser PLASMA PHYSICS AND CONTROLLED FUSION Patel, P. K., Key, M. H., MacKinnon, A. J., Berry, R., Borghesi, M., Chambers, D. M., Chen, H., Clarke, R., Damian, C., Eagleton, R., Freeman, R., Glenzer, S., Gregori, G., Heathcote, R., Hey, D., Izumi, N., Kar, S., KING, J., Nikroo, A., Niles, A., Park, H. S., Pasley, J., Patel, N., Shepherd, R., Snavely, R. A., Steinman, D., Stoeckl, C., Storm, M., Theobald, W., Town, R., Van Maren, R., Wilks, S. C., Zhang, B. 2005; 47: B833-B840
  • Radiation-driven hydrodynamics of high-Z hohlraums on the National Ignition Facility PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Dewald, E. L., Suter, L. J., Landen, O. L., Holder, J. P., Schein, J., Lee, F. D., Campbell, K. M., Weber, F. A., Pellinen, D. G., Schneider, M. B., Celeste, J. R., McDonald, J. W., Foster, J. M., Niemann, C., MacKinnon, A. J., Glenzer, S. H., Young, B. K., Haynam, C. A., Shaw, M. J., Turner, R. E., Froula, D., Kauffman, R. L., Thomas, B. R., Atherton, L. J., Bonanno, R. E., Dixit, S. N., Eder, D. C., Holtmeier, G., Kalantar, D. H., Koniges, A. E., MacGowan, B. J., Manes, K. R., Munro, D. H., Murray, J. R., Parham, T. G., Piston, K., Van Wonterghem, B. M., Wallace, R. J., Wegner, P. J., Whitman, P. K., Hammel, B. A., Moses, E. I. 2005; 95 (21)

    Abstract

    The first hohlraum experiments on the National Ignition Facility (NIF) using the initial four laser beams tested radiation temperature limits imposed by plasma filling. For a variety of hohlraum sizes and pulse lengths, the measured x-ray flux shows signatures of filling that coincide with hard x-ray emission from plasma streaming out of the hohlraum. These observations agree with hydrodynamic simulations and with an analytical model that includes hydrodynamic and coronal radiative losses. The modeling predicts radiation temperature limits with full NIF (1.8 MJ), greater, and of longer duration than required for ignition hohlraums.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.95.215004

    View details for Web of Science ID 000233362100032

    View details for PubMedID 16384150

  • Measurement of the dispersion of thermal ion-acoustic fluctuations in high-temperature laser plasmas using multiple-wavelength Thomson scattering PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Froula, D. H., Davis, P., Divol, L., Ross, J. S., Meezan, N., Price, D., Glenzer, S. H., Rousseaux, C. 2005; 95 (19)

    Abstract

    The dispersion of ion-acoustic fluctuations has been measured using a novel technique that employs multiple color Thomson-scattering diagnostics to measure the frequency spectrum for two separate thermal ion-acoustic fluctuations with significantly different wave vectors. The plasma fluctuations are shown to become dispersive with increasing electron temperature. We demonstrate that this technique allows a time resolved local measurement of electron density and temperature in inertial confinement fusion plasmas.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.95.195005

    View details for Web of Science ID 000233062900032

    View details for PubMedID 16383991

  • Supersonic propagation of ionization waves in an underdense, laser-produced plasma PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Constantin, C., Back, C. A., Fournier, K. B., Gregori, G., Landen, O. L., Glenzer, S. H., Dewald, E. L., Miller, M. C. 2005; 12 (6)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.1927540

    View details for Web of Science ID 000229700400059

  • Laser coupling to reduced-scale hohlraum targets at the early light program of the National Ignition Facility PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Hinkel, D. E., Schneider, M. B., Baldis, H. A., Bonanno, G., Bower, D. E., Campbell, K. M., Celeste, J. R., Compton, S., Costa, R., Dewald, E. L., Dixit, S. N., Eckart, M. J., Eder, D. C., Edwards, M. J., Ellis, A., Emig, J. A., Froula, D. H., Glenzer, S. H., Hargrove, D., Haynam, C. A., Heeter, R. F., Henesian, M. A., Holder, J. P., Holtmeier, G., James, L., Jancaitis, K. S., Kalantar, D. H., Kamperschroer, J. H., Kauffman, R. L., Kimbrough, J., Kirkwood, R. K., Koniges, A. E., Landen, O. L., LANDON, M., Langdon, A. B., Lee, F. D., MacGowan, B. J., MacKinnon, A. J., Manes, K. R., Marshall, C., May, M. J., McDonald, J. W., Menapace, J., Moses, E. I., Munro, D. H., Murray, J. R., Niemann, C., Pellinen, D., Rekow, V., Ruppe, J. A., Schein, J., Shepherd, R., Singh, M. S., Springer, P. T., Still, C. H., Suter, L. J., Tietbohl, G. L., Turner, R. E., Van Wonterghem, B. M., Wallace, R. J., Warrick, A., Watts, P., Weber, F., Wegner, P. J., Williams, E. A., Young, B. K., Young, P. E. 2005; 12 (5)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.188012

    View details for Web of Science ID 000229276200134

  • Intensity limits for propagation of 0.527 mu m laser beams through large-scale-length plasmas for inertial confinement fusion PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Niemann, C., Divol, L., Froula, D. H., Gregori, G., Jones, O., Kirkwood, R. K., MacKinnon, A. J., Meezan, N. B., Moody, J. D., Sorce, C., Suter, L. J., Bahr, R., Seka, W., Glenzer, S. H. 2005; 94 (8)

    Abstract

    We have established the intensity limits for propagation of a frequency-doubled (2omega, 527 nm) high intensity interaction beam through an underdense large-scale-length plasma. We observe good beam transmission at laser intensities at or below 2x10(14) W/cm(2) and a strong reduction at intensities up to 10(15) W/cm(2) due to the onset of parametric scattering instabilities. We show that temporal beam smoothing by spectral dispersion allows a factor of 2 higher intensities while keeping the beam spray constant, which establishes frequency-doubled light as an option for ignition and burn in inertial confinement fusion experiments.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.94.085005

    View details for Web of Science ID 000227386000036

    View details for PubMedID 15783902

  • Experimental characterization of a strongly coupled solid density plasma generated in a short-pulse laser target interaction CONTRIBUTIONS TO PLASMA PHYSICS Gregori, G., Hansen, S. B., Clarke, R., Heathcote, R., Key, M. H., KING, J., Klein, R. I., Izumi, N., MacKinnon, A. J., Moon, S. J., Park, H. S., Pasley, J., Patel, N., Patel, P. K., Remington, B. A., Ryutov, D. D., Shepherd, R., Snavely, R. A., Wilks, S. C., Zhang, B. B., Glenzer, S. H. 2005; 45 (3-4): 284-292
  • Progress in long scale length laser-plasma interactions NUCLEAR FUSION Glenzer, S. H., Arnold, P., Bardsley, G., Berger, R. L., Bonanno, G., Borger, T., Bower, D. E., Bowers, M., Bryant, R., Buckman, S., Burkhart, S. C., Campbell, K., Chrisp, M. P., Cohen, B. I., Constantin, C., Cooper, F., Cox, J., Dewald, E., Divol, L., Dixit, S., Duncan, J., Eder, D., Edwards, J., Erbert, G., Felker, B., Fornes, J., Frieders, G., Froula, D. H., Gardner, S. D., Gates, C., Gonzalez, M., Grace, S., Gregori, G., Greenwood, A., Griffith, R., Hall, T., Hammel, B. A., Haynam, C., Heestand, G., Henesian, M., Hermes, G., Hinkel, D., Holder, J., Holdner, F., Holtmeier, G., Hsing, W., Huber, S., James, T., JOHNSON, S., Jones, O. S., Kalantar, D., Kamperschroer, J. H., Kauffman, R., Kelleher, T., Knight, J., Kirkwood, R. K., Kruer, W. L., Labiak, W., Landen, O. L., Langdon, A. B., Langer, S., Latray, D., Lee, A., Lee, F. D., Lund, D., MacGowan, B., Marshall, S., McBride, J., McCarville, T., McGrew, L., MacKinnon, A. J., Mahavandi, S., Manes, K., Marshall, C., Menapace, J., Mertens, E., Meezan, N., Miller, G., Montelongo, S., Moody, J. D., Moses, E., Munro, D., Murray, J., Neumann, J., Newton, M., Niemann, C., Nikitin, A., Opsahl, P., Padilla, E., Parham, T., Parrish, G., Petty, C., Polk, M., Powell, C., Reinbachs, I., Rekow, V., Rinnert, R., Riordan, B., Rhodes, M., Roberts, V., Robey, H., Ross, G., Sailors, S., Saunders, R., Schmitt, M., Schneider, M. B., Shiromizu, S., Spaeth, M., Stephens, A., Still, B., Suter, L. J., Tietbohl, G., Tobin, M., Tuck, J., Van Wonterghem, B. M., Vidal, R., Voloshin, D., Wallace, R., Wegner, P., Whitman, P., Williams, E. A., Williams, K., Winward, K., Work, K., Young, B., Young, P. E., Zapata, P., Bahr, R. E., Seka, W., Fernandez, J., Montgomery, D., Rose, H. 2004; 44 (12): S185-S190
  • A summary of explorations into the use of green light for high-gain, high-yield experiments on the National Ignition Facility NUCLEAR FUSION Suter, L. J., Glenzer, S., Haan, S., Hammel, B., Manes, K., Meezan, N., Moody, J., Spaeth, M., Oades, K., Stevenson, M. 2004; 44 (12): S140-S148
  • Dante soft x-ray power diagnostic for National Ignition Facility REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Dewald, E. L., Campbell, K. M., Turner, R. E., Holder, J. P., Landen, O. L., Glenzer, S. H., Kauffman, R. L., Suter, L. J., LANDON, M., Rhodes, M., Lee, D. 2004; 75 (10): 3759-3761

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.1788872

    View details for Web of Science ID 000224755900114

  • Full aperture backscatter station measurement system on the National Ignition Facility REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Bower, D. E., MCCARVILLE, T. J., Alvarez, S. S., Ault, L. E., Brown, M. D., Chrisp, M. P., Damian, C. M., DeHope, W. J., Froula, D. H., Glenzer, S. H., Grace, S. E., Gu, K., Holdener, F. R., Huffer, C. K., Kamperschroer, J. H., Kelleher, T. M., Kimbrough, J. R., Kirkwood, R., Kurita, D. W., Lee, A. P., Lee, F. D., Lewis, I. T., Lopez, F. J., MacGowan, B. J., Poole, M. W., RHODES, M. A., Schneider, M. B., Sewall, N. R., Shimamoto, F. Y., Shiromizu, S. J., Voloshin, D., Warrick, A. L., Wendland, C. R., Young, B. K. 2004; 75 (10): 4177-4179

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.1791749

    View details for Web of Science ID 000224755900239

  • Implementation of a near backscattering imaging system on the National Ignition Facility REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Mackinnon, A. J., McCarville, T., Piston, K., Niemann, C., Jones, G., Reinbachs, I., Costa, R., Celeste, J., Holtmeier, G., Griffith, R., Kirkwood, R., MacGowan, B., Glenzer, S. H., Latta, M. R. 2004; 75 (10): 4183-4186

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.1789594

    View details for Web of Science ID 000224755900241

  • Full-aperture backscatter measurements on the National Ignition Facility REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Froula, D. H., Bower, D., Chrisp, M., Grace, S., Kamperschroer, J. H., Kelleher, T. M., Kirkwood, R. K., MacGowan, B., McCarville, T., Sewall, N., Shimamoto, F. Y., Shiromizu, S. J., Young, B., Glenzer, S. H. 2004; 75 (10): 4168-4170

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.1789592

    View details for Web of Science ID 000224755900236

  • Calibration of initial measurements from the full aperture backscatter system on the National Ignition Facility REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Kirkwood, R. K., McCarville, T., Froula, D. H., Young, B., Bower, D., Sewall, N., Niemann, C., Schneider, M., Moody, J., Gregori, G., Holdener, F., Chrisp, M., MacGowan, B. J., Glenzer, S. H., Montgomery, D. S. 2004; 75 (10): 4174-4176

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.1789593

    View details for Web of Science ID 000224755900238

  • Omega dante soft x-ray power diagnostic component calibration at the National Synchrotron Light Source REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Campbell, K. M., Weber, F. A., Dewald, E. L., Glenzer, S. H., Landen, O. L., Turner, R. E., Waide, P. A. 2004; 75 (10): 3768-3771

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.1789603

    View details for Web of Science ID 000224755900117

  • Transmitted laser beam diagnostic at the Omega laser facility REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Niemann, C., Antonini, G., Compton, S., Glenzer, S. H., Hargrove, D., Moody, J. D., Kirkwood, R. K., Rekow, V., Satariano, J., Sorce, C., Armstrong, W., Bahr, R., Keck, R., Pien, G., Seka, W., Thorp, K. 2004; 75 (10): 4171-4173

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.1787602

    View details for Web of Science ID 000224755900237

  • Implementation of a high energy 4 omega probe beam on the Omega laser REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Mackinnon, A. J., Shiromizu, S., Antonini, G., Auerbach, J., Haney, K., Froula, D. H., Moody, J., Gregori, G., Constantin, C., Sorce, C., Divol, L., GRIFFITH, R. L., Glenzer, S., Satariano, J., Whitman, P. K., Locke, S. N., Miller, E. L., Huff, R., Thorp, K., Armstrong, W., Bahr, R., Seka, W., Pien, G., Mathers, J., Morse, S., Loucks, S., Stagnitto, S. 2004; 75 (10): 3906-3908

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.1789247

    View details for Web of Science ID 000224755900158

  • X-ray line measurements with high efficiency Bragg crystals REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Pak, A., Gregori, G., Knight, J., Campbell, K., Price, D., Hammel, B., Landen, O. L., Glenzer, S. H. 2004; 75 (10): 3747-3749

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.1788870

    View details for Web of Science ID 000224755900110

  • Measurement of the absolute hohlraum-wall albedo under ignition foot drive conditions PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Jones, O. S., Glenzer, S. H., Suter, L. J., Turner, R. E., Campbell, K. M., Dewald, E. L., Hammel, B. A., Hammer, J. H., Kauffman, R. L., Landen, O. L., Rosen, M. D., Wallace, R. J., Weber, F. A. 2004; 93 (6)

    Abstract

    We present measurements of the absolute albedos of hohlraums made from gold or from high-Z mixtures. The measurements are performed over the range of radiation temperatures (70-100 eV) expected during the foot of an indirect-drive temporally shaped ignition laser pulse, where accurate knowledge of the wall albedo (i.e., soft x-ray wall reemission) is most critical for determining capsule radiation symmetry. We find that the gold albedo agrees well with calculations using the supertransition array opacity model, potentially providing additional margin for inertial confinement fusion ignition.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.93.065002

    View details for Web of Science ID 000223138200026

    View details for PubMedID 15323638

  • Observation of the parametric two-ion decay instability with Thomson scattering PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Niemann, C., Glenzer, S. H., Knight, J., Divol, L., Williams, E. A., Gregori, G., Cohen, B. I., Constantin, C., Froula, D. H., Montgomery, D. S., Johnson, R. P. 2004; 93 (4)

    Abstract

    We present the first direct experimental observation of the parametric two-ion decay instability of ion-acoustic waves driven by a high intensity (5 x 10(15) W cm(-2)) laser beam in a laser produced high-Z plasma. Using two separate Thomson scattering diagnostics simultaneously, we directly measure the scattering from thermal ion-acoustic fluctuations, the primary ion waves that are driven to large amplitudes by the high intensity beam, and the two-ion decay products. The decay products are shown to be present only where the interaction takes place and their k spectrum is broad.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.93.045004

    View details for Web of Science ID 000222856400034

    View details for PubMedID 15323769

  • Direct observation of the saturation of stimulated Brillouin scattering by ion-trapping-induced frequency shifts PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Froula, D. H., Divol, L., Offenberger, A. A., Meezan, N., Ao, T., Gregori, G., Niemann, C., Price, D., Smith, C. A., Glenzer, S. H. 2004; 93 (3)

    Abstract

    We report the first measurement of the saturation of stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) by an ion-trapping-induced frequency shift, which was achieved by directly measuring the amplitude and absolute frequency of SBS-driven ion-acoustic waves (IAW). A frequency shift of up to 30% and a simultaneous saturation of driven IAW and SBS reflectivity were observed. The scaling of the frequency shift with the IAW amplitude compares well with theoretical calculations. We have further measured fast 30 ps oscillations of the SBS-driven IAW amplitude induced by the frequency shift.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.93.035001

    View details for Web of Science ID 000222691900022

    View details for PubMedID 15323827

  • Effect of nonlocal transport on heat-wave propagation PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Gregori, G., Glenzer, S. H., Knight, J., Niemann, C., Price, D., Froula, D. H., Edwards, M. J., Town, R. P., Brantov, A., Rozmus, W., Bychenkov, V. Y. 2004; 92 (20)

    Abstract

    We present the first direct measurements of spatially and temporally resolved temperature and density profiles produced by nonlocal transport in a laser plasma. Absolutely calibrated measurements have been performed by Rayleigh scattering and by resolving the ion-acoustic wave spectra across the plasma volume with Thomson scattering. We find that the electron temperature and density profiles disagree with flux-limited models, but are consistent with nonlocal transport modeling.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.92.205006

    View details for Web of Science ID 000221541300035

    View details for PubMedID 15169364

  • Electronic structure measurements of dense plasmas PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Gregori, G., Glenzer, S. H., Rogers, F. J., Pollaine, S. M., Landen, O. L., Blancard, C., Faussurier, G., Renaudin, P., Kuhlbrodt, S., Redmer, R. 2004; 11 (5): 2754-2762

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.1689664

    View details for Web of Science ID 000221122600121

  • Prospects for high-gain, high yield National Ignition Facility targets driven by 2 omega (green) light PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Suter, L. J., Glenzer, S., Haan, S., Hammel, B., Manes, K., Meezan, N., Moody, J., Spaeth, M., Divol, L., Oades, K., Stevenson, M. 2004; 11 (5): 2738-2745

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.1687725

    View details for Web of Science ID 000221122600119

  • First measurement of backscatter dependence on ion acoustic damping in a high density helium/hydrogen laser-plasma PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Moody, J. D., Williams, E. A., Lours, L., Sanchez, J. J., Berger, R. L., Collins, G. A., Decker, C. B., Divol, L., Glenzer, S. H., Hammel, B. A., Jones, R., Kirkwood, R. K., Kruer, W. L., MacGowan, B. J., Pipes, J., Suter, L. J., Thoe, R., Unites, W., Young, P. E. 2004; 11 (5): 2060-2067

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.1701894

    View details for Web of Science ID 000221122600042

  • Effects of plasma composition on backscatter, hot electron production, and propagation in underdense plasmas PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Stevenson, R. M., Suter, L. J., Oades, K., Kruer, W., Slark, G. E., Fournier, K. B., Meezan, N., Kauffman, R., Miller, M., Glenzer, S., Niemann, C., Grun, J., Davis, J., Back, C., Thomas, B. 2004; 11 (5): 2709-2715

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.1651490

    View details for Web of Science ID 000221122600115

  • Thomson scattering measurements of heat flow in a laser-produced plasma JOURNAL OF PHYSICS B-ATOMIC MOLECULAR AND OPTICAL PHYSICS Hawreliak, J., Chambers, D. M., Glenzer, S. H., GOUVEIA, A., Kingham, R. J., Marjoribanks, R. S., Pinto, P. A., Renner, O., Soundhauss, P., Topping, S., Wolfrum, E., Young, P. E., Wark, J. S. 2004; 37 (7): 1541-1551
  • The physics basis for ignition using indirect-drive targets on the National Ignition Facility PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Lindl, J. D., Amendt, P., Berger, R. L., Glendinning, S. G., Glenzer, S. H., Haan, S. W., Kauffman, R. L., Landen, O. L., Suter, L. J. 2004; 11 (2): 339-491

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.1578638

    View details for Web of Science ID 000188282100001

  • Effects of ion trapping on crossed-laser-beam stimulated Brillouin scattering PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Williams, E. A., Cohen, B. I., Divol, L., Dorr, M. R., Hittinger, J. A., Hinkel, D. E., Langdon, A. B., Kirkwood, R. K., Froula, D. H., Glenzer, S. H. 2004; 11 (1): 231-244

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.1630573

    View details for Web of Science ID 000187430100026

  • Observation of ion wave decay products of Langmuir waves generated by stimulated Raman scattering in ignition scale plasmas PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Geddes, C. G., Kirkwood, R. K., Glenzer, S. H., Estabrook, K., Cohen, B. I., Young, P. E., Joshi, C., Wharton, K. B. 2003; 10 (8): 3422-3425

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.1590317

    View details for Web of Science ID 000184491800045

  • Scaling of saturated stimulated Raman scattering with temperature and intensity in ignition scale plasmas PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Kirkwood, R. K., Berger, R. L., Geddes, C. G., Moody, J. D., MacGowan, B. J., Glenzer, S. H., Estabrook, K. G., Decker, C., Landen, O. L. 2003; 10 (7): 2948-2955

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.1580814

    View details for Web of Science ID 000183585500037

  • Investigation of the onset and development of forward scattering in an underdense plasma PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Moody, J. D., Williams, E. A., Glenzer, S. H., Young, P. E., Hawreliak, J., GOUVEIA, A., Wark, J. S. 2003; 90 (24)

    Abstract

    We investigate the distortion of a spatial intensity modulation imposed on a 527 nm f/10 probe beam as it transmits through an underdense plasma characterized with Thomson scattering. Combining the measurements with full wave simulations of beam propagation through the entire plasma show that the key features of the data can be reproduced using the Kaiser thermal transport model.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.90.245001

    View details for Web of Science ID 000183642800015

    View details for PubMedID 12857194

  • Strong coupling corrections in the analysis of x-ray Thomson scattering measurements JOURNAL OF PHYSICS A-MATHEMATICAL AND GENERAL Gregori, G., Glenzer, S. H., Landen, O. L. 2003; 36 (22): 5971-5980
  • X-ray scattering from solid density plasmas PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Glenzer, S. H., Gregori, G., Rogers, F. J., Froula, D. H., Pollaine, S. W., Wallace, R. S., Landen, O. L. 2003; 10 (6): 2433-2441

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.1570420

    View details for Web of Science ID 000183316500027

  • Demonstration of spectrally resolved x-ray scattering in dense plasmas PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Glenzer, S. H., Gregori, G., Lee, R. W., Rogers, F. J., Pollaine, S. W., Landen, O. L. 2003; 90 (17)

    Abstract

    We present the first spectrally resolved x-ray scattering measurements from solid-density plasmas. The scattering spectra show the broadened Compton down-shifted feature allowing us to determine the electron temperature and density with high accuracy. In the low temperature limit, our data indicate that the ionization balance reflects the electrons in the conduction band consistent with calculations that include quantum mechanical corrections to the interaction potential.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.90.175002

    View details for Web of Science ID 000182603800023

    View details for PubMedID 12786077

  • Modeling the nonlinear saturation of stimulated Brillouin backscatter in laser heated plasmas PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Divol, L., Berger, R. L., Cohen, B. I., Williams, E. A., Langdon, A. B., Lasinski, B. F., Froula, D. H., Glenzer, S. H. 2003; 10 (5): 1822-1828

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.1557055

    View details for Web of Science ID 000182450200040

  • Stimulated Brillouin scattering in the saturated regime PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Froula, D. H., Divol, L., Braun, D. G., Cohen, B. I., Gregori, G., Mackinnon, A., Williams, E. A., Glenzer, S. H., Baldis, H. A., Montgomery, D. S., Johnson, R. P. 2003; 10 (5): 1846-1853

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.1542887

    View details for Web of Science ID 000182450200042

  • Direct observation of stimulated-Brillouin-scattering detuning by a velocity gradient PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Froula, D. H., Divol, L., Mackinnon, A., Gregori, G., Glenzer, S. H. 2003; 90 (15)

    Abstract

    We report the first direct evidence of detuning of stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) by a velocity gradient, which was achieved by directly measuring the frequency shift of the SBS-driven acoustic wave relative to the local resonant acoustic frequency. We show that in the expanding part of the plasma, ion-acoustic waves are driven off resonance which leads to the saturation of the SBS instability. These measurements are well reproduced by fluid simulations that include the measured flow.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.90.155003

    View details for Web of Science ID 000182320200022

    View details for PubMedID 12732042

  • Time and spatially resolved measurements of x-ray burnthrough and re-emission in Au and Au : Dy : Nd foils REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Olson, R. E., Leeper, R. J., Dropinski, S. C., Mix, L. P., Rochau, G. A., Glenzer, S. H., Jones, O. S., Suter, L. J., Kaae, J. L., Shearer, C. H., Smith, J. N. 2003; 74 (3): 2186-2190

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.1537866

    View details for Web of Science ID 000181530500184

  • Theoretical model of x-ray scattering as a dense matter probe PHYSICAL REVIEW E Gregori, G., Glenzer, S. H., Rozmus, W., Lee, R. W., Landen, O. L. 2003; 67 (2)

    Abstract

    We present analytical expressions for the dynamic structure factor, or form factor S(k,omega), which is the quantity describing the x-ray cross section from a dense plasma or a simple liquid. Our results, based on the random phase approximation for the treatment on the charged particle coupling, can be applied to describe scattering from either weakly coupled classical plasmas or degenerate electron liquids. Our form factor correctly reproduces the Compton energy down-shift and the known Fermi-Dirac electron velocity distribution for S(k,omega) in the case of a cold degenerate plasma. The usual concept of scattering parameter is also reinterpreted for the degenerate case in order to include the effect of the Thomas-Fermi screening. The results shown in this work can be applied to interpreting x-ray scattering in warm dense plasmas occurring in inertial confinement fusion experiments or for the modeling of solid density matter found in the interior of planets.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevE.67.026412

    View details for Web of Science ID 000181520300098

    View details for PubMedID 12636827

  • Observation of saturation of energy transfer between copropagating beams in a flowing plasma PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Kirkwood, R. K., Moody, J. D., Langdon, A. B., Cohen, B. I., Williams, E. A., Dorr, M. R., Hittinger, J. A., Berger, R., Young, P. E., Suter, L. J., Divol, L., Glenzer, S. H., Landen, O. L., Seka, W. 2002; 89 (21)

    Abstract

    Experiments demonstrate energy and power transfer between copropagating, same frequency, beams crossing at a small angle in a plasma with a Mach 1 flow. The process is interpreted as amplification of the low intensity probe beam by the stimulated scatter of the high intensity pump beam. The observed probe amplification increases slowly with pump intensity and decreases with probe intensity, indicative of saturation limiting the energy and power transfer due to ion-wave nonlinearities and localized pump depletion. The results are consistent with numerical modeling including ion-wave nonlinearities.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.89.215003

    View details for Web of Science ID 000179068000028

    View details for PubMedID 12443421

  • Observation of ion heating by stimulated-Brillouin-scattering-driven ion-acoustic waves using Thomson scattering PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Froula, D. H., Divol, L., Baldis, H. A., Berger, R. L., Braun, D. G., Cohen, B. I., Johnson, R. P., Montgomery, D. S., Williams, E. A., Glenzer, S. H. 2002; 9 (11): 4709-4718

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.1508776

    View details for Web of Science ID 000178789900035

  • K-shell spectroscopy of an independently diagnosed uniaxially expanding laser-produced aluminum plasma PHYSICAL REVIEW E Chambers, D. M., Pinto, P. A., Hawreliak, J., Al'Miev, I. R., GOUVEIA, A., Sondhauss, P., Wolfrum, E., Wark, J. S., Glenzer, S. H., Lee, R. W., Young, P. E., Renner, O., Marjoribanks, R. S., Topping, S. 2002; 66 (2)

    Abstract

    We present detailed spectroscopic analysis of the primary K-shell emission lines from a uniaxially expanding laser-produced hydrogenic and heliumlike aluminum plasma. The spectroscopic measurements are found to be consistent with time-dependent hydrodynamic properties of the plasma, measured using Thomson scattering and shadowgraphy. The K-shell population kinetics code FLY with the measured hydrodynamic parameters is used to generate spectra that are compared to the experimental spectra. Excellent agreement is found between the measured and calculated spectra for a variety of experimental target widths employed to produce plasmas with different optical depths. The peak emission from the hydrogenic Lyman series is determined to be from a temporal and spatial region where the hydrodynamic parameters are essentially constant. This allows a single steady-state solution of FLY to be used to deduce the electron temperature and density, from the measured line ratios and linewidths, for comparison with the Thomson and shadowgraphy data. These measurements are found to agree well with time-dependent calculations, and provide further validation for the FLY calculations of the ionization and excitation balance for a K-shell aluminum plasma. We also discuss the possible application of this data as a benchmark for hydrodynamic simulations and ionization/excitation balance calculations.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevE.66.026410

    View details for Web of Science ID 000177971300079

    View details for PubMedID 12241300

  • Anomalous absorption of high-energy green laser light in high-Z plasmas PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Glenzer, S. H., Rozmus, W., Bychenkov, V. Y., Moody, J. D., Albritton, J., Berger, R. L., Brantov, A., Foord, M. E., MacGowan, B. J., Kirkwood, R. K., Baldis, H. A., Williams, E. A. 2002; 88 (23)

    Abstract

    We observe strong anomalous absorption of green laser light in mm-scale high-temperature gold plasmas. Both the laser light absorption and the resulting increase of the electron temperature, which was measured independently with Thomson scattering, have been successfully modeled by including enhanced collisions due to heat-flux driven ion acoustic fluctuations. Calculations that include only inverse bremsstrahlung significantly underestimate the experimental laser absorption and the electron temperature.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.88.235002

    View details for Web of Science ID 000175860500032

    View details for PubMedID 12059370

  • Measurements of nonlinear growth of ion-acoustic waves in two-ion-species plasmas with Thomson scattering PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Froula, D. H., Divol, L., Glenzer, S. H. 2002; 88 (10)

    Abstract

    We report the first Thomson-scattering measurements of the growth of ion-acoustic waves in well-characterized multi-ion-species plasmas consisting of gold and beryllium. We observe that only the berylliumlike mode grows, verifying linear kinetic theory. In addition, a twofold increase in ion temperature is measured when ion-acoustic waves are excited to large amplitudes by stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS). This increase in ion temperature is a strong indication of hot ions due to trapping. We explain the measured SBS reflectivity by nonlinear detuning of the SBS instability due to these trapping effects.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.88.105003

    View details for Web of Science ID 000174342000035

    View details for PubMedID 11909364

  • Thomson scattering in inertial confinement fusion research ADVANCED DIAGNOSTICS FOR MAGNETIC AND INERTIAL FUSION Glenzer, S. H. 2002: 303-310
  • Calculations and measurements of x-ray Thomson scattering spectra in warm dense matter SPECTRAL LINE SHAPES Gregori, G., Glenzer, S. H., Lee, R. W., Hicks, D. G., Pasley, J., Collins, G. W., Celliers, P., Bastea, M., Eggert, J., Pollaine, S. M., Landen, O. L. 2002; 645: 359-368
  • Observation of saturated brillouin instability in fusion plasmas with Thomson scattering Frontier Science Research Conference on Laser - Matter Interaction Glenzer, S. H. STEFAN UNIV PRESS. 2002: 133–137
  • A Thomson scattering post-processor for the MEDUSA hydrocode JOURNAL OF QUANTITATIVE SPECTROSCOPY & RADIATIVE TRANSFER Hawreliak, J., Chambers, D., Glenzer, S., Marjoribanks, R. S., Notley, M., PINTO, P., Renner, O., Sondhauss, P., Steel, R., Topping, S., Wolfrum, E., Young, P., Wark, J. S. 2001; 71 (2-6): 383-395
  • Dense matter characterization by X-ray Thomson scattering JOURNAL OF QUANTITATIVE SPECTROSCOPY & RADIATIVE TRANSFER Landen, O. L., Glenzer, S. H., Edwards, M. J., Lee, R. W., Collins, G. W., Cauble, R. C., Hsing, W. W., Hammel, B. A. 2001; 71 (2-6): 465-478
  • Detailed hydrodynamic and X-ray spectroscopic analysis of a laser-produced rapidly-expanding aluminium plasma JOURNAL OF QUANTITATIVE SPECTROSCOPY & RADIATIVE TRANSFER Chambers, D. M., Glenzer, S. H., Hawreliak, J., Wolfrum, E., GOUVEIA, A., Lee, R. W., Marjoribanks, R. S., Renner, O., Sondhauss, P., Topping, S., Young, P. E., Pinto, P. A., Wark, J. S. 2001; 71 (2-6): 237-247
  • Ionization balance in inertial confinement fusion hohlraum plasmas JOURNAL OF QUANTITATIVE SPECTROSCOPY & RADIATIVE TRANSFER Glenzer, S. H., Fournier, K. B., Wilson, B. G., Lee, R. W., Suter, L. J. 2001; 71 (2-6): 355-363
  • Ionization balance in inertial confinement fusion hohlraums PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Glenzer, S. H., Fournier, K. B., Wilson, B. G., Lee, R. W., Suter, L. J. 2001; 87 (4)

    Abstract

    We present the first x-ray spectroscopic measurements of the ionization balance in inertial confinement fusion hohlraums supported by 4omega Thomson scattering diagnostics. The experimental data show agreement with non-LTE radiation-hydrodynamic calculations of the averaged Au charge state and electron temperatures. These findings are consistent with the successful integrated modeling of the hohlraum radiation fields. Comparisons with detailed synthetic spectra calculations show that the experimental ionization distribution is slightly shifted indicating nonsteady state kinetics.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.87.045002

    View details for Web of Science ID 000170060700022

    View details for PubMedID 11461624

  • Reduction of stimulated scattering losses from hohlraum plasmas with laser beam smoothing PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Glenzer, S. H., Berger, R. L., Divol, L. M., Kirkwood, R. K., MacGowan, B. J., Moody, J. D., Langdon, A. B., Suter, L. J., Williams, E. A. 2001; 8 (5): 1692-1696
  • Backscatter reduction using combined spatial, temporal, and polarization beam smoothing in a long-scale-length laser plasma PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Moody, J. D., MacGowan, B. J., Rothenberg, J. E., Berger, R. L., Divol, L., Glenzer, S. H., Kirkwood, R. K., Williams, E. A., Young, P. E. 2001; 86 (13): 2810-2813

    Abstract

    Spatial, temporal, and polarization smoothing schemes are combined for the first time to reduce to a few percent the total stimulated backscatter of a NIF-like probe laser beam (2x10(15) W/cm (2), 351 nm, f/8) in a long-scale-length laser plasma. Combining temporal and polarization smoothing reduces simulated Brillouin scattering and simulated Raman scattering (SRS) up to an order of magnitude although neither smoothing scheme by itself is uniformly effective. The results agree with trends observed in simulations performed with the laser-plasma interaction code F3D simulations [R. L. Berger et al., Phys. Plasma 6, 1043 (1999)].

    View details for Web of Science ID 000167693000028

    View details for PubMedID 11290045

  • Thomson scattering measurements of saturated ion waves in laser fusion plasmas PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Glenzer, S. H., Divol, L. M., Berger, R. L., Geddes, C., Kirkwood, R. K., Moody, J. D., Williams, E. A., Young, P. E. 2001; 86 (12): 2565-2568

    Abstract

    We have measured the characteristics of saturated ion-acoustic waves in inertial confinement fusion plasmas. A 263-nm probe laser has been applied to simultaneous Thomson scatter on both ion-acoustic waves excited by thermal electrostatic fluctuations and by stimulated Brillouin scattering of a kilojoule laser beam of varying intensity. The Thomson scattering spectra show saturated ion-wave amplitudes for intensities above 5x10(14) W cm(-2) consistent with three dimensional nonlinear wave modeling.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000167573800019

    View details for PubMedID 11289981

  • Electron distribution function in laser heated plasmas PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Fourkal, E., Bychenkov, V. Y., Rozmus, W., Sydora, R., Kirkby, C., Capjack, C. E., Glenzer, S. H., Baldis, H. A. 2001; 8 (2): 550-556
  • Status of our understanding and modeling of x-ray coupling efficiency in laser heated hohlraums PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Dattolo, E., Suter, L., Monteil, M. C., Jadaud, J. P., Dague, N., Glenzer, S., Turner, R., Juraszek, D., Lasinski, B., Decker, C., Landen, O., MacGowan, B. 2001; 8 (1): 260-265
  • Warm, dense plasma characterization by x-ray Thomson scattering ECLIM 2000: 26TH EUROPEAN CONFERENCE ON LASER INTERACTION WITH MATTER Landen, O. L., Glenzer, S. H., Cauble, R. C., Lee, R. W., Edwards, M. J., DeGroot, J. S. 2001; 4424: 112-119
  • Modeling the backscatter and transmitted light of high power smoothed beams with pF3D, a massively parallel laser plasma interaction code ECLIM 2000: 26TH EUROPEAN CONFERENCE ON LASER INTERACTION WITH MATTER Berger, R. L., Divol, L. M., Glenzer, S. H., Hinkel, D. E., Kirkwood, R. K., Langdon, A. B., Moody, J. D., Still, C. H., Suter, L. J., Williams, E. A., Young, P. E. 2001; 4424: 206-211
  • Experimental study of laser beam transmission and power accounting in a large scale length laser plasma PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Moody, J. D., MacGowan, B. J., Berger, R. L., Estabrook, K. G., Glenzer, S. H., Kirkwood, R. K., Kruer, W. L., Stone, G. E., Montgomery, D. S. 2000; 7 (8): 3388-3398
  • Accuracy of K-shell spectra modeling in high-density plasmas PHYSICAL REVIEW E Glenzer, S. H., Fournier, K. B., Decker, C., Hammel, B. A., Lee, R. W., Lours, L., MacGowan, B. J., Osterheld, A. L. 2000; 62 (2): 2728-2738

    Abstract

    We present spectroscopic measurements of the helium-like and lithium-like argon emission supported by Thomson scattering diagnostics on gas bag targets. These data provide critical tests of plasma spectroscopic K-shell models. In particular, we have measured the line radiation in the wavelength region of the He-like Ar 1s(2)-1s3l transition (He-beta) that is of interest for density and temperature measurements of plasmas from gas-filled targets (n(e)/=10(24) cm(-3)). The spectra show lithium-like dielectronic satellites on the red wing of the He-beta line that are temperature sensitive and are known to influence the shape of the Stark-broadened line profiles observed from implosions. To examine the kinetics modeling of this complex, i.e., the He-beta and its associated satellites, we have performed experiments in gas bag plasmas at densities of (0.6-1.1)x10(21) cm(-3) where we independently determine the electron temperature with ultraviolet Thomson scattering. The comparison of the satellite intensities with kinetics modeling shows good agreement for satellites whose upper states are populated by dielectronic capture, but shows discrepancies for inner-shell collisional excited transitions.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000088960800039

    View details for PubMedID 11088753

  • Ionization processes and charge-state distribution in a highly ionized high-Z laser-produced plasma PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Foord, M. E., Glenzer, S. H., Thoe, R. S., WONG, K. L., Fournier, K. B., Wilson, B. G., Springer, P. T. 2000; 85 (5): 992-995

    Abstract

    The charge-state distribution in a well-characterized highly ionized Au plasma was accurately determined using time-resolved x-ray spectroscopy. Simultaneous measurements of the electron temperature and density allow the first direct comparisons with nonlocal thermodynamic equilibrium model predictions for the charge-state distribution of a highly ionized high- Z plasma in a nonradiative environment. The importance of two-electron atomic processes is clearly demonstrated.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000088457000023

    View details for PubMedID 10991457

  • Hohlraum energetics with smoothed laser beams PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Glenzer, S. H., Suter, L. J., Berger, R. L., Estabrook, K. G., Hammel, B. A., Kauffman, R. L., Kirkwood, R. K., MacGowan, B. J., Moody, J. D., Rothenberg, J. E., Turner, R. E. 2000; 7 (6): 2585-2593
  • Experimental investigation of short scalelength density fluctuations in laser-produced plasmas PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Moody, J. D., MacGowan, B. J., Glenzer, S. H., Kirkwood, R. K., Kruer, W. L., Montgomery, D. S., Schmitt, A. J., Williams, E. A., Stone, G. F. 2000; 7 (5): 2114-2125
  • Accurate determination of the charge state distribution in a well characterized highly ionized Au plasma JOURNAL OF QUANTITATIVE SPECTROSCOPY & RADIATIVE TRANSFER Foord, M. E., Glenzer, S. H., Thoe, R. S., WONG, K. L., Fournier, K. B., Albritton, J. R., Wilson, B. G., Springer, P. T. 2000; 65 (1-3): 231-241
  • Towards an experimental benchmark for aluminum X-ray spectra JOURNAL OF QUANTITATIVE SPECTROSCOPY & RADIATIVE TRANSFER Aschke, L., Depierreux, S., Estabrook, K. G., Fournier, K. B., Fuchs, J., Glenzer, S., Lee, R. W., Rozmus, W., Thoe, R. S., Young, P. E. 2000; 65 (1-3): 23-30
  • Detailed characterization of laser plasmas for benchmarking of radiation-hydrodynamic modeling JOURNAL OF QUANTITATIVE SPECTROSCOPY & RADIATIVE TRANSFER Glenzer, S. H., Estabrook, K. G., Lee, R. W., MacGowan, B. J., Rozmus, W. 2000; 65 (1-3): 253-271
  • Analysis of discrepancies between quantal and semiclassical calculations of electron impact broadening in plasmas JOURNAL OF QUANTITATIVE SPECTROSCOPY & RADIATIVE TRANSFER Alexiou, S., Lee, R. W., Glenzer, S. H., Castor, J. I. 2000; 65 (1-3): 15-22
  • Testing astrophysical radiation hydrodynamics codes with hypervelocity jet experiments on the nova laser ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL SUPPLEMENT SERIES Stone, J. M., Turner, N., Estabrook, K., Remington, B., Farley, D., Glendinning, S. G., Glenzer, S. 2000; 127 (2): 497-502
  • Modeling of Thomson scattering spectra in high-Z, laser-produced plasmas ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL SUPPLEMENT SERIES Rozmus, W., Glenzer, S. H., Estabrook, K. G., Baldis, H. A., MacGowan, B. J. 2000; 127 (2): 459-463
  • Thomson scattering in inertial confinement fusion research CONTRIBUTIONS TO PLASMA PHYSICS Glenzer, S. H. 2000; 40 (1-2): 36-45
  • On the accuracy of x-ray spectra modeling of inertial confinement fusion plasmas 12th Topical Conference on Atomic Processes in Plasmas Glenzer, S. H., Fournier, K. B., Hammel, B. A., Lee, R. W., MacGowan, B. J., Back, C. A. AMER INST PHYSICS. 2000: 3–14
  • Using high resolution X-ray spectroscopy of laser and EBIT plasma sources to test atomic models 12th Topical Conference on Atomic Processes in Plasmas Fournier, K. B., Foord, M. E., Wilson, B. G., Glenzer, S. H., WONG, K. L., Thoe, R. S., Beiersdorfer, P., Springer, P. T. AMER INST PHYSICS. 2000: 203–216
  • Observation of the nonlinear saturation of Langmuir waves driven by ponderomotive force in a large scale plasma PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Kirkwood, R. K., Montgomery, D. S., Afeyan, B. B., Moody, J. D., MacGowan, B. J., Joshi, C., Wharton, K. B., Glenzer, S. H., Williams, E. A., Young, P. E., Kruer, W. L., Estabrook, K. G., Berger, R. L. 1999; 83 (15): 2965-2968
  • Radiative jet experiments of astrophysical interest using intense lasers PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Farley, D. R., Estabrook, K. G., Glendinning, S. G., Glenzer, S. H., Remington, B. A., Shigemori, K., Stone, J. M., Wallace, R. J., Zimmerman, G. B., Harte, J. A. 1999; 83 (10): 1982-1985
  • First measurement of short length-scale density fluctuations in a large laser plasma PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Moody, J. D., MacGowan, B. J., Glenzer, S. H., Kirkwood, R. K., Kruer, W. L., Schmitt, A. J., Williams, E. A., Stone, G. F. 1999; 83 (9): 1783-1786
  • Observation of resonant energy transfer between identical-frequency laser beams PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Wharton, K. B., Kirkwood, R. K., Glenzer, S. H., Estabrook, K. G., Afeyan, B. B., Cohen, B. I., Moody, J. D., MacGowan, B. J., Joshi, C. 1999; 6 (5): 2144-2149
  • Thomson scattering from laser plasmas PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Glenzer, S. H., Alley, W. E., Estabrook, K. G., De Groot, J. S., Haines, M. G., Hammer, J. H., Jadaud, J. P., MacGowan, B. J., Moody, J. D., Rozmus, W., Suter, L. J., Weiland, T. L., Williams, E. A. 1999; 6 (5): 2117-2128
  • Thomson scattering from high-Z laser-produced plasmas PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Glenzer, S. H., Rozmus, W., MacGowan, B. J., Estabrook, K. G., De Groot, J. D., Zimmerman, G. B., Baldis, H. A., Harte, J. A., Lee, R. W., Williams, E. A., Wilson, B. G. 1999; 82 (1): 97-100
  • A spectroscopic coupling study for some carbon-like species JOURNAL OF QUANTITATIVE SPECTROSCOPY & RADIATIVE TRANSFER Musielok, J., Wiese, W. L., Glenzer, S., Kunze, H. J. 1999; 61 (2): 215-218
  • X-ray spectroscopy from fusion plasmas SPECTRAL LINE SHAPES, VOL 10 Glenzer, S. H. 1999; 467: 49-63
  • Measurements of near forward scattered laser light in a large inertial confinement fusion plasma (invited) REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Moody, J. D., MacGowan, B. J., Glenzer, S. H., Kirkwood, R. K., Kruer, W. L., Pollaine, S. M., Williams, E. A., Stone, G. F., Afeyan, B. B., Schmitt, A. J. 1999; 70 (1): 677-681
  • High-energy 4 omega probe laser for laser-plasma experiments at Nova REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Glenzer, S. H., Weiland, T. L., Bower, J., MacKinnon, A. J., MacGowan, B. J. 1999; 70 (1): 1089-1092
  • Observation of energy transfer between identical-frequency laser beams in a flowing plasma PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Wharton, K. B., Kirkwood, R. K., Glenzer, S. H., Estabrook, K. G., Afeyan, B. B., Cohen, B. I., Moody, J. D., Joshi, C. 1998; 81 (11): 2248-2251
  • Measurements of suprathermal electrons in Hohlraum plasmas with x-ray spectroscopy PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Glenzer, S. H., Rosmej, F. B., Lee, R. W., Back, C. A., Estabrook, K. G., MacGowan, B. J., Shepard, T. D., Turner, R. E. 1998; 81 (2): 365-368
  • Improved gas-filled hohlraum performance on Nova with beam smoothing PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Kauffman, R. L., Powers, L. V., Dixit, S. N., Glendinning, S. G., Glenzer, S. H., Kirkwood, R. K., Landon, O. L., MacGowan, B. J., Moody, J. D., Orzechowski, T. J., Pennington, D. M., Stone, G. F., Suter, L. J., Turner, R. E., Weiland, T. L., Richard, A. L., Blain, M. A. 1998; 5 (5): 1927-1934
  • Evidence of plasma fluctuations and their effect on the growth of stimulated Brillouin and stimulated Raman scattering in laser plasmas PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Montgomery, D. S., Afeyan, B. B., Cobble, J. A., Fernandez, J. C., Wilke, M. D., Glenzer, S. H., Kirkwood, R. K., MacGowan, B. J., Moody, J. D., Lindman, E. L., Munro, D. H., Wilde, B. H., Rose, H. A., DuBois, D. F., Bezzerides, B., Vu, H. X. 1998; 5 (5): 1973-1980
  • Stark broadening along the berylliumlike sequence PHYSICAL REVIEW E Wrubel, T., Ahmad, I., Buscher, S., Kunze, H. J., Glenzer, S. H. 1998; 57 (5): 5972-5977
  • Energetics of inertial confinement fusion Hohlraum plasmas PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Glenzer, S. H., Suter, L. J., Turner, R. E., MacGowan, B. J., Estabrook, K. G., Blain, M. A., Dixit, S. N., Hammel, B. A., Kauffman, R. L., Kirkwood, R. K., Landen, O. L., Monteil, M. C., Moody, J. D., Orzechowski, T. J., Pennington, D. M., Stone, G. F., Weiland, T. L. 1998; 80 (13): 2845-2848
  • Thomson scattering from inertial-confinement-fusion Hohlraum plasmas PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Glenzer, S. H., Back, C. A., Suter, L. J., Blain, M. A., Landen, O. L., Lindl, J. D., MacGowan, B. J., Stone, G. F., Turner, R. E., Wilde, B. H. 1997; 79 (7): 1277-1280
  • Observation of multiple mechanisms for stimulating ion waves in ignition scale plasmas PHYSICS OF PLASMAS Kirkwood, R. K., MacGowan, B. J., Montgomery, D. S., Afeyan, B. B., Kruer, W. L., Pennington, D. M., Wilks, S. C., Moody, J. D., Wharton, K., Back, C. A., Estabrook, K. G., Glenzer, S. H., Blain, M. A., Berger, R. L., Hinkel, D. E., Lasinski, B. F., Williams, E. A., Munro, D., Wilde, B. H., Rousseaux, C. 1997; 4 (5): 1800-1810
  • Thomson scattering in the corona of laser-produced gold plasmas REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Glenzer, S. H., Back, C. A., Estabrook, K. G., MacGowan, B. J. 1997; 68 (1): 668-671
  • Laser scattering in large scale length plasmas relevant to National Ignition Facility hohlraums 16th International Conference on Fusion Energy MacGowan, B. J., Berger, R. L., Afeyan, B. B., Back, C. A., Blain, M. A., Canaud, B., Cohen, B. I., Desenne, D. E., Estabrook, K. G., Glenzer, S. H., Hinkel, D. E., Kirkwood, R. K., Kruer, W. L., Langdon, A. B., Lasinski, B. F., Montgomery, D. S., Moody, J. D., Rousseaux, C., Still, C. H., Williams, E. A. INT ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY. 1997: 181–186
  • Thomson scattering from inertial confinement fusion plasmas 13th International Conference on Laser Interaction and Related Plasma Phenomena (LIRPP 97) Glenzer, S. H., Back, C. A., Suter, L. J., Pollaine, S. M., MacGowan, B. J., Blain, M. A., De Groot, J. S., Estabrook, K. G., Hammel, B. A., Hammer, J. H., Landen, O. L., Lindl, J. D., Wilde, B. H. AIP PRESS. 1997: 95–113
  • Line profile measurements in a gas-liner pinch discharge 13th International Conference on Spectral Line Shapes (13th ICSLS) Wrubel, T., Glenzer, S., Buscher, S., Kunze, H. J. AMER INST PHYSICS. 1997: 71–76
  • Experiments on hot and dense laser-produced plasmas 13th International Conference on Spectral Line Shapes (13th ICSLS) Back, C. A., Woolsey, N. C., Asfaw, A., Glenzer, S. H., Hammel, B. A., Keane, C. J., Lee, R. W., Liedahl, D., Moreno, J. C., Nash, J. K., Osterheld, A. L., Calisti, A., Stamm, R., Talin, B., Godbert, L., Mosse, C., Ferri, S., Klein, L. AMER INST PHYSICS. 1997: 35–44
  • Thomson scattering from two-species laser-produced plasmas (invited) REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Glenzer, S. H., Back, C. A., Estabrook, K. G., Kirkwood, R. K., Wallace, R., MacGowan, B. J., Hammel, B. A., Cid, R. E., DeGroot, J. S. 1997; 68 (1): 641-646
  • Electron temperature and density measurements in laser-produced large-scale-length gas-bag plasmas by x-ray spectroscopy PHYSICAL REVIEW E Glenzer, S. H., Back, C. A., Estabrook, K. G., MacGowan, B. J., Montgomery, D. S., Kirkwood, R. K., Moody, J. D., Munro, D. H., Stone, G. F. 1997; 55 (1): 927-938
  • Investigation of a short-wavelength laser plasma of a gas-liner pinch discharge PHYSICAL REVIEW E Glenzer, S. H., Wrubel, T., Kunze, H. J., GodbertMouret, L. 1997; 55 (1): 939-946
  • Imaging backscattered and near to backscattered light in ignition scale plasmas (invited) REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Kirkwood, R. K., Back, C. A., Blain, M. A., Desenne, D. E., Dulieu, A. G., Glenzer, S. H., MacGowan, B. J., Montgomery, D. S., Moody, J. D. 1997; 68 (1): 636-640
  • X-ray diagnostics of hohlraum plasma flow REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Back, C. A., Glenzer, S. H., Landen, O. L., MacGowan, B. J., Shepard, T. D. 1997; 68 (1): 831-833
  • Investigation of the He II P-alpha and He II P-beta transitions at high densities JOURNAL OF PHYSICS B-ATOMIC MOLECULAR AND OPTICAL PHYSICS Buscher, S., Glenzer, S., Wrubel, T., Kunze, H. J. 1996; 29 (18): 4107-4125
  • Effect of ion-wave damping on stimulated Raman scattering in high-Z laser-produced plasmas PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Kirkwood, R. K., MacGowan, B. J., Montgomery, D. S., Afeyan, B. B., Kruer, W. L., Moody, J. D., Estabrook, K. G., Back, C. A., Glenzer, S. H., Blain, M. A., Williams, E. A., Berger, R. L., Lasinski, B. F. 1996; 77 (13): 2706-2709

    View details for Web of Science ID A1996VH76700028

    View details for PubMedID 10062025

  • Observation of two ion-acoustic waves in a two-species laser-produced plasma with Thomson scattering PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Glenzer, S. H., Back, C. A., Estabrook, K. G., Wallace, R., Baker, K., MacGowan, B. J., Hammel, B. A., Cid, R. E., DeGroot, J. S. 1996; 77 (8): 1496-1499

    View details for Web of Science ID A1996VC33600022

    View details for PubMedID 10063093

  • Investigation of electron-proton drifts with Thomson scattering JOURNAL OF ATMOSPHERIC AND TERRESTRIAL PHYSICS Wrubel, T., Glenzer, S., Buscher, S., Kunze, H. J. 1996; 58 (8-9): 1077-?
  • Laser-plasma interactions in ignition-scale hohlraum plasmas 37th Annual Meeting of the Division-of-Plasma-Physics of the American-Physical-Society MacGowan, B. J., Afeyan, B. B., Back, C. A., Berger, R. L., Bonnaud, G., Casanova, M., Cohen, B. I., Desenne, D. E., DuBois, D. F., Dulieu, A. G., Estabrook, K. G., Fernandez, J. C., Glenzer, S. H., Hinkel, D. E., Kaiser, T. B., Kalantar, D. H., Kauffman, R. L., Kirkwood, R. K., Kruer, W. L., Langdon, A. B., Lasinski, B. F., Montgomery, D. S., Moody, J. D., Munro, D. H., Powers, L. V., Rose, H. A., Rousseaux, C., Turner, R. E., Wilde, B. H., Wilks, S. C., Williams, E. A. AMER INST PHYSICS. 1996: 2029–40
  • Stark broadening of resonance transitions in B III PHYSICAL REVIEW A Glenzer, S., Kunze, H. J. 1996; 53 (4): 2225-2229

    View details for Web of Science ID A1996UE92100047

    View details for PubMedID 9913131

  • Line profile measurements of the 2s3s-2s3p singlet and triplet transitions in Ne VII ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS Wrubel, T., Glenzer, S., Buscher, S., Kunze, H. J., Alexiou, S. 1996; 307 (3): 1023-1028
  • Spectroscopic temperature measurements of non-equilibrium plasmas 10th American-Physical-Society Topical Conference on Atomic Processes in Plasmas Back, C. A., Glenzer, S. H., Lee, R. W., MacGowan, B. J., Moreno, J. C., Nash, J. K., Powers, L. V., Shepard, T. D. AIP PRESS. 1996: 123–30
  • Application of soft X-ray laser interferometry to study large-scale-length, high-density plasmas 5th International Conference on X-ray Lasers Wan, A. S., Back, C. A., Barbee, T. W., Cauble, R., Celliers, P., DASILVA, L. B., Decker, C., Glenzer, S., Moreno, J. C., London, R. A., Rambo, P. W., Stone, G. F., Trebes, J. E., Weber, F. IOP PUBLISHING LTD. 1996: 504–8
  • Critical tests of line broadening theories by precision measurements 10th American-Physical-Society Topical Conference on Atomic Processes in Plasmas Glenzer, S. H. AIP PRESS. 1996: 109–22
  • PROFILES OF THE HE-I 2(3)P-3(3)D LINE AT HIGH-DENSITIES JOURNAL OF QUANTITATIVE SPECTROSCOPY & RADIATIVE TRANSFER Buscher, S., Glenzer, S., Wrubel, T., Kunze, H. J. 1995; 54 (1-2): 73-80
  • ANALYSIS OF LITHIUMLIKE LINE SHAPES IN A GAS-LINER PINCH 12th International Conference on Spectral Line Shapes (12th ICSLS) Stamm, R., Calisti, A., Godbert, L., Meftah, T., Mosse, C., Talin, B., Glenzer, S. AIP PRESS. 1995: 153–54
  • LINE BROADENING OF NONHYDROGENIC IONS IN PLASMAS 12th International Conference on Spectral Line Shapes (12th ICSLS) Glenzer, S. AIP PRESS. 1995: 134–50
  • SPECTRAL-LINE PROFILES OF N=4 TO N=5 TRANSITIONS IN C-IV, N-V AND O-VI JOURNAL OF PHYSICS B-ATOMIC MOLECULAR AND OPTICAL PHYSICS Glenzer, S., Wrubel, T., Buscher, S., Kunze, H. J., Godbert, L., Calisti, A., Stamm, R., Talin, B., NASH, J., Lee, R. W., Klein, L. 1994; 27 (22): 5507-5515
  • STARK-BROADENING OF SPECTRAL-LINES ALONG THE ISOELECTRONIC SEQUENCE OF B JOURNAL OF PHYSICS B-ATOMIC MOLECULAR AND OPTICAL PHYSICS Glenzer, S., Hey, J. D., Kunze, H. J. 1994; 27 (3): 413-422
  • AMPLIFICATION OF EXTREME-ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION IN A GAS-LINER PINCH PLASMA PHYSICAL REVIEW E Glenzer, S., Kunze, H. J. 1994; 49 (2): 1586-1593

    View details for Web of Science ID A1994NA92100083

    View details for PubMedID 9961371

  • Lasing at short wavelength in a capillary discharge and in a dense Z-pinch 4th International Colloquium on X-Ray Lasers Kunze, H. J., Glenzer, S., Steden, C., WIESCHEBRINK, H. T., Koshelev, K. N., Uskov, D. AIP PRESS. 1994: 380–87
  • INVESTIGATION OF LS COUPLING IN BORON-LIKE IONS PHYSICAL REVIEW A Glenzer, S., Kunze, H. J., Musielok, J., Kim, Y. K., Wiese, W. L. 1994; 49 (1): 221-227

    View details for Web of Science ID A1994MT25800029

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