Regenerative Topology Optimization of Fine Lattice Structures.
3D printing and additive manufacturing
2023; 10 (2): 183-196
We present a generative approach for creating three-dimensional lattice structures optimized for mass and deflection composed of thousands of one-dimensional strut primitives. Our approach draws inspiration from topology optimization principles. The proposed method iteratively determines unnecessary lattice struts through stress analysis, erodes those struts, and then randomly generates new struts across the entire structure. The objects resulting from this distributed optimization technique demonstrate high strength-to-weight ratios that are at par with state-of-the-art topology optimization approaches, but are qualitatively very different. We use a dynamics simulator that allows optimization of structures subject to dynamic load cases, such as vibrating structures and robotic components. Because optimization is performed simultaneously with simulation, the process scales efficiently on massively parallel graphics processing units. The intricate nature of the output lattices contributes to a new class of objects intended specifically for additive manufacturing. Our work contributes a highly parallel simulation method and simultaneous algorithm for analyzing and optimizing lattices with thousands of struts. In this study, we validate multiple versions of our algorithm across sample load cases, to show its potential for creating high-resolution objects with implicit optimized microstructural patterns.
View details for DOI 10.1089/3dp.2021.0086
View details for PubMedID 37123519
View details for PubMedCentralID PMC10133984
svMorph: Interactive Geometry-Editing Tools for Virtual Patient-Specific Vascular Anatomies.
Journal of biomechanical engineering
We propose svMorph, a framework for interactive virtual sculpting of patient-specific vascular anatomic models. Our framework includes three tools for the creation of tortuosity, aneurysms, and stenoses in tubular vascular geometries. These shape edits are performed via geometric operations on the surface mesh and vessel centerline curves of the input model. The tortuosity tool also uses the physics-based Oriented Particles method, coupled with linear blend skinning, to achieve smooth, elastic-like deformations. Our tools can be applied separately or in combination to produce simulation-suitable morphed models. They are also compatible with popular vascular modeling software, such as SimVascular. To illustrate our tools, we morph several image-based, patient-specific models to create a range of shape changes and simulate the resulting hemodynamics via three-dimensional, computational fluid dynamics. We also demonstrate the ability to quickly estimate the hemodynamic effects of the shape changes via automated generation of associated zero-dimensional lumped-parameter models.
View details for DOI 10.1115/1.4056055
View details for PubMedID 36282508
- Regenerative Topology Optimization of Fine Lattice Structures 3D PRINTING AND ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING 2022