Bio


Stephen Monismith's research in environmental and geophysical fluid dynamics involves the application of fluid mechanics principles to the analysis of flow processes operating in rivers, lakes, estuaries and the oceans, with a particular interest in the ecological impacts of those flows. His current research includes studies of estuarine hydrodynamics and mixing processes, flows over coral reefs and on the inner shelf, turbulence in density stratified fluids, and physical-biological interactions in phytoplankton and benthic systems. Current projects include field and computational work on wave-driven flows over coral reefs, stratified turbulence due to shoaling internal waves, benthic grazing on coral reefs and in kelp forests, dispersion in complex estuarine tidal flows, and lab and computational studies of flows through coral colonies. He is also involved with various scientific panels focusing on the San Francisco Bay/Delta including the IEP Science advisor group (which he chairs) and the recent NRC committee reporting on the sustainability of the Delta as a water supply system and as an ecosystem.

Professor Monismith is currently director of the Environmental Fluid Mechanics Laboratory and Chair of Stanford University’s Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, He is a Senior Fellow at the Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment and Obayashi Professor in the School of Engineering. Prior to coming to Stanford, he spent three years in Perth (Australia) as a research fellow at the University of Western Australia.

Academic Appointments


Administrative Appointments


  • Chair, Committee on Research (2008 - 2011)
  • Chair, Civil and Environmental Engineering (2009 - Present)

Honors & Awards


  • Pritchard Award, Coastal and Estuarine Research Federation (2012)
  • Borland Hydraulics Lecture, AGU (2011)
  • Eugene L. Grant teaching award, Stanford School of Engineering (2002)
  • Presidential Young Investigator, NSF (1989)

Boards, Advisory Committees, Professional Organizations


  • Chair, Science Advisory Group, Interagency Ecological Agency (2002 - Present)
  • Member, NRC Committee on Sustainable Water and Environmental Management in the California Bay-Delta (2010 - 2012)
  • Member, NRC Committee on the Independent Scientific Review of the Everglades Restoration Progress (2012 - Present)
  • Member, Review Panel for CALFED Environmental Water Account (2001 - 2007)
  • Associate Editor, LImnology and Oceangraphy (1997 - 2002)
  • Member, ASCE Task Committee for research needs in hydraulic engineering (1992 - 1993)
  • Chair, ASCE Task Committee for an Album of Environmental Transport Processes (1990 - 1992)

Professional Education


  • BS, UC Berkeley, Civil Enginering (1977)
  • MS, UC Berkeley, Civil Engineering (1979)
  • PhD, UC Berkeley, Civil Engineering (1983)

Current Research and Scholarly Interests


Hydrodynamics of lakes, estuaries, coral reefs, kelp forests and the coastal ocean

2013-14 Courses


Journal Articles


  • Thermal structure and variability of a shallow tropical reservoir Limnol. Oceanog. Xing, Z., Fong, D., A., Lo, E., M.Y., Monismith, S., G. 2014; 1 (59): 115-128
  • Scale-Dependent Dispersion within the Stratified Interior on the Shelf of Northern Monterey Bay Journal of Physical Oceanography Moniz, R. J., Fong, D. A., Woodson, C. B., Willis, S. K., Stacey, M. T., Monismith, S. G. 2014; 44: 1049-1065=4

    View details for DOI 10.1175/JPO-D-12-0229.1

  • Using depth-normalized coordinates to examine mass transport residual circulation in estuaries with large tidal amplitude relative to the mean depth J. Phys. Ocean. Giddings, S., N., Monismith, S., G., Fong, D., A., Stacey, M., T. 2014; 44: 128–148
  • Simple estimate of entrainment rate of pollutants from a coastal discharge into the surf zone. Environmental science & technology Wong, S. H., Monismith, S. G., Boehm, A. B. 2013; 47 (20): 11554-11561

    Abstract

    Microbial pollutants from coastal discharges can increase illness risks for swimmers and cause beach advisories. There is presently no predictive model for estimating the entrainment of pollution from coastal discharges into the surf zone. We present a novel, quantitative framework for estimating surf zone entrainment of pollution at a wave-dominant open beach. Using physical arguments, we identify a dimensionless parameter equal to the quotient of the surf zone width l(sz) and the cross-flow length scale of the discharge la = M(j) (1/2)/U(sz), where M(j) is the discharge's momentum flux and U(sz) is a representative alongshore velocity in the surf zone. We conducted numerical modeling of a nonbuoyant discharge at an alongshore uniform beach with constant slope using a wave-resolving hydrodynamic model. Using results from 144 numerical experiments we develop an empirical relationship between the surf zone entrainment rate α and l(sz)/(la). The empirical relationship can reasonably explain seven measurements of surf zone entrainment at three diverse coastal discharges. This predictive relationship can be a useful tool in coastal water quality management and can be used to develop predictive beach water quality models.

    View details for DOI 10.1021/es402492f

    View details for PubMedID 24006887

  • Temporal and spatial variability of the internal wave field in a lake with complex morphometry LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY Vidal, J., Macintyre, S., McPhee-Shaw, E. E., Shaw, W. J., Monismith, S. G. 2013; 58 (5): 1557-1580
  • Local mass transfer measurements for corals and other complex geometries using gypsum dissolution EXPERIMENTS IN FLUIDS Chang, S., Elkins, C., Eaton, J. K., Monismith, S. 2013; 54 (7)
  • Hydrodynamics of spur and groove formations on a coral reef JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS Rogers, J. S., Monismith, S. G., Feddersen, F., Storlazzi, C. D. 2013; 118 (6): 3059-3073

    View details for DOI 10.1002/jgrc.20225

    View details for Web of Science ID 000324885500021

  • Interaction of waves and currents with kelp forests (Macrocystis pyrifera): Insights from a dynamically scaled laboratory model LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY Rosman, J. H., Denny, M. W., Zeller, R. B., Monismith, S. G., Koseff, J. R. 2013; 58 (3): 790-802
  • Temporal and spatial variability of the internal wave field in a lake with complex morphometry Limnol. Ocean. Vidal, J., MacIntyre, S., McPhee-Shaw, E., E., Shaw, W., J., Monismith, S., G. 2013; 5 (58): 1557–1580
  • Characteristics of Monochromatic Waves Breaking over Fringing Reefs JOURNAL OF COASTAL RESEARCH Yao, Y., Huang, Z., Monismith, S. G., Lo, E. Y. 2013; 29 (1): 94-104
  • Contrasting Seasonal and Fortnightly Variations in the Circulation of a Seasonally Inverse Estuary, Elkhorn Slough, California ESTUARIES AND COASTS Nidzieko, N. J., Monismith, S. G. 2013; 36 (1): 1-17
  • Interactions between a kelp forest (Macrocystis pyrifera) and waves: Insights from a dynamically scaled laboratory model Limnol. Ocean. Rosman, J., H., Denny, M., W., Zeller, R., Monismith, S., G., Koseff, J., R. 2013; 3 (58): 790–802
  • Wave transformation and wave-driven flow across a steep coral reef. Journal of Physical Oceanography Monismith, S. G., Herdman, L. M., Ahmerkamp, S., Hench, J. L. 2013; 43: 1356–1379

    View details for DOI 10.1175/JPO-D-12-0164.1

  • Drag coefficients for single coral colonies and related spherical objects Limnology and Oceanography Fluids and Environments Samuel, L. C., Monismith, S. G. 2013; 3: 173-181

    View details for DOI 10.1215/21573689-2378401

  • Flow through a rough, shallow reef Coral Reefs Monismith, S., G. 2013
  • A simple estimate of entrainment rate of pollutants from a coastal discharge into the surf zone Env. Sci. Tech. Wong, S., H.C., Monismith, S., G., Boehm, A., B. 2013; 47: 11554-11561
  • Comparison of mixing efficiency and vertical diffusivity models from temperature microstructure JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS Dunckley, J. F., Koseff, J. R., Steinbuck, J. V., Monismith, S. G., Genin, A. 2012; 117
  • Observations of tidal currents in the northern Gulf of Eilat/Aqaba (Red Sea) JOURNAL OF MARINE SYSTEMS Carlson, D. F., Fredj, E., Gildor, H., Biton, E., Steinbuck, J. V., Monismith, S. G., Genin, A. 2012; 102: 14-28
  • Nearshore internal bores and turbulent mixing in southern Monterey Bay JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS Walter, R. K., Woodson, C. B., Arthur, R. S., Fringer, O. B., Monismith, S. G. 2012; 117
  • Water and heat budgets of a shallow tropical reservoir WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH Xing, Z., Fong, D. A., Tan, K. M., Lo, E. Y., Monismith, S. G. 2012; 48
  • 1DH Boussinesq modeling of wave transformation over fringing reefs OCEAN ENGINEERING Yao, Y., Huang, Z., Monismith, S. G., Lo, E. Y. 2012; 47: 30-42
  • A short-term in situ CO2 enrichment experiment on Heron Island (GBR) SCIENTIFIC REPORTS Kline, D. I., Teneva, L., Schneider, K., Miard, T., Chai, A., Marker, M., Headley, K., Opdyke, B., Nash, M., Valetich, M., Caves, J. K., Russell, B. D., Connell, S. D., Kirkwood, B. J., Brewer, P., Peltzer, E., Silverman, J., Caldeira, K., Dunbar, R. B., Koseff, J. R., Monismith, S. G., Mitchell, B. G., Dove, S., Hoegh-Guldberg, O. 2012; 2

    Abstract

    Ocean acidification poses multiple challenges for coral reefs on molecular to ecological scales, yet previous experimental studies of the impact of projected CO? concentrations have mostly been done in aquarium systems with corals removed from their natural ecosystem and placed under artificial light and seawater conditions. The Coral-Proto Free Ocean Carbon Enrichment System (CP-FOCE) uses a network of sensors to monitor conditions within each flume and maintain experimental pH as an offset from environmental pH using feedback control on the injection of low pH seawater. Carbonate chemistry conditions maintained in the -0.06 and -0.22 pH offset treatments were significantly different than environmental conditions. The results from this short-term experiment suggest that the CP-FOCE is an important new experimental system to study in situ impacts of ocean acidification on coral reef ecosystems.

    View details for DOI 10.1038/srep00413

    View details for Web of Science ID 000304394000002

    View details for PubMedID 22639723

  • Frontogenesis and Frontal Progression of a Trapping-Generated Estuarine Convergence Front and Its Influence on Mixing and Stratification ESTUARIES AND COASTS Giddings, S. N., Fong, D. A., Monismith, S. G., Chickadel, C. C., Edwards, K. A., Plant, W. J., Wang, B., Fringer, O. B., Horner-Devine, A. R., Jessup, A. T. 2012; 35 (2): 665-681
  • WAVE SETUP OVER FRINGING REEF WITH A SHALLOW REEF CREST: A HYDRAULIC THEORY FOR FLOWS UNDER CRITICAL CONDITIONS PROCEEDINGS OF THE 6TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON APAC 2011 Huang, Z. H., Yao, Y., Monismith, S. G., Lo, E. Y. 2012
  • Internal bore-like features and turbulent mixing on the inner shelf of southern Monterey Bay J. Geophys. Res. (Oceans) Walter, R., K., Woodson, C., B., Monismith, S., G. 2012; C07017 (117): 13
  • Horizontal dispersion of ocean tracers in internal wave shear JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS Steinbuck, J. V., Koseff, J. R., Genin, A., Stacey, M. T., Monismith, S. G. 2011; 116
  • The Modification of Bottom Boundary Layer Turbulence and Mixing by Internal Waves Shoaling on a Barrier Reef JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY Davis, K. A., Monismith, S. G. 2011; 41 (11): 2223-2241
  • Similarity scaling of turbulence spectra and cospectra in a shallow tidal flow JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS Walter, R. K., Nidzieko, N. J., Monismith, S. G. 2011; 116
  • Role of straining and advection in the intratidal evolution of stratification, vertical mixing, and longitudinal dispersion of a shallow, macrotidal, salt wedge estuary JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS Giddings, S. N., Fong, D. A., Monismith, S. G. 2011; 116
  • Short-term coherency between gross primary production and community respiration in an algal-dominated reef flat CORAL REEFS Falter, J. L., Atkinson, M. J., Schar, D. W., Lowe, R. J., Monismith, S. G. 2011; 30 (1): 53-58
  • Modeling and understanding turbulent mixing in a macrotidal salt wedge estuary JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS Wang, B., Giddings, S. N., Fringer, O. B., Gross, E. S., Fong, D. A., Monismith, S. G. 2011; 116
  • The Tidally Averaged Momentum Balance in a Partially and Periodically Stratified Estuary JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY Stacey, M. T., Brennan, M. L., Burau, J. R., Monismith, S. G. 2010; 40 (11): 2418-2434
  • Flow effects on benthic grazing on phytoplankton by a Caribbean reef LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY Monismith, S. G., Davis, K. A., Shellenbarger, G. G., Hench, J. L., Nidzieko, N. J., Santoro, A. E., Reidenbach, M. A., Rosman, J. H., Holtzman, R., Martens, C. S., Lindquist, N. L., Southwell, M. W., Genin, A. 2010; 55 (5): 1881-1892
  • An Autonomous Open-Ocean Stereoscopic PIV Profiler JOURNAL OF ATMOSPHERIC AND OCEANIC TECHNOLOGY Steinbuck, J. V., Roberts, P. L., Troy, C. D., Horner-Devine, A. R., Simonet, F., Uhlman, A. H., Jaffe, J. S., Monismith, S. G., Franks, P. J. 2010; 27 (8): 1362-1380
  • Modelling Stratification and Baroclinic Flow in the Estuarine Transition Zone of the St. Lawrence Estuary ATMOSPHERE-OCEAN Simons, R. D., Monismith, S. G., Saucier, F. J., Johnson, L. E., Winkler, G. 2010; 48 (2): 132-146

    View details for DOI 10.3137/OC316.2010

    View details for Web of Science ID 000279579600005

  • Currents and turbulence within a kelp forest (Macrocystis pyrifera): Insights from a dynamically scaled laboratory model LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY Rosman, J. H., Monismith, S. G., Denny, M. W., Koseff, J. R. 2010; 55 (3): 1145-1158
  • Turbulent mixing in fine-scale phytoplankton layers: Observations and inferences of layer dynamics CONTINENTAL SHELF RESEARCH Steinbuck, J. V., Genin, A., Monismith, S. G., Koseff, J. R., Holzman, R., Labiosa, R. G. 2010; 30 (5): 442-455
  • WAVE-INDUCED SET-UP OVER FRINGING CORAL REEFS: A COMPARISON BETWEEN SMOOTH AND POROUS REEF FLATS PROCEEDINGS OF THE 5TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ASIAN AND PACIFIC COASTS, VOL 4 Yao, Y., Huang, Z. H., Lo, E. Y., Monismith, S. G. 2010: 236-244
  • Modeling stratification and baroclinic flow in the estuarine transition zone of the St. Lawrence Estuary Atmosphere-Ocean Simons, R., D., Monismith, S., G., Saucier, F., J., Johnson, L., E., Winkler, G. 2010; 2 (48): 132-146
  • An Autonomous Open-Ocean Particle Imaging Profiler. Part I: In-situ Stereoscopic PIV from a Free-falling Oceanic Profiler J. Atmos Ocean Tech. Steinbuck, J., V., Roberts, P., D., Troy, C., D., Horner-Devine, A., R., Simonet, F., Uhlman, A., Monismith, S. G. 2010; 8 (27): 1362–1380
  • Dynamics of phytoplankton layers: Persistence and breakdown at the base of the mixed layer Cont. Shelf Res. Steinbuck, J., V., Genin, A., Monismith, S., G., Koseff, J., R., Holtzman, R. 2010; 5 (30): 442-455
  • Remotely sensed river surface features compared with modeling and in situ measurements JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS Plant, W. J., Branch, R., Chatham, G., Chickadel, C. C., Hayes, K., Hayworth, B., Horner-Devine, A., Jessup, A., Fong, D. A., Fringer, O. B., Giddings, S. N., Monismith, S., Wang, B. 2009; 114
  • Tidally regulated chemical fluxes across the sediment-water interface in Elkhorn Slough, California: Evidence from a coupled geochemical and hydrodynamic approach LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY Breier, J. A., Nidzieko, N., MONISMITH, S., Moore, W., Paytan, A. 2009; 54 (6): 1964-1980
  • An Evaluation of chi(T) Estimation Techniques: Implications for Batchelor Fitting and epsilon JOURNAL OF ATMOSPHERIC AND OCEANIC TECHNOLOGY Steinbuck, J. V., Stacey, M. T., Monismith, S. G. 2009; 26 (8): 1652-1662
  • Evidence for Submesoscale Barriers to Horizontal Mixing in the Ocean from Current Measurements and Aerial Photographs JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY Gildor, H., Fredj, E., Steinbuck, J., Monismith, S. 2009; 39 (8): 1975-1983
  • A numerical study of circulation in a coastal reef-lagoon system JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS Lowe, R. J., Falter, J. L., Monismith, S. G., Atkinson, M. J. 2009; 114
  • Hydrodynamic control of phytoplankton loss to the benthos in an estuarine environment LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY Jones, N. L., Thompson, J. K., Arrigo, K. R., Monismith, S. G. 2009; 54 (3): 952-969
  • Intense benthic grazing of phytoplankton in a coral reef LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY Genin, A., Monismith, S. G., Reidenbach, M. A., Yahel, G., Koseff, J. R. 2009; 54 (3): 938-951
  • Lateral Circulation in Well-Mixed and Stratified Estuarine Flows with Curvature JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY Nidzieko, N. J., Hench, J. L., Monismith, S. G. 2009; 39 (4): 831-851
  • Wave-Driven Circulation of a Coastal Reef-Lagoon System JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY Lowe, R. J., Falter, J. L., Monismith, S. G., Atkinson, M. J. 2009; 39 (4): 873-893
  • Turbulent Stresses and Secondary Currents in a Tidal-Forced Channel with Significant Curvature and Asymmetric Bed Forms JOURNAL OF HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING-ASCE Fong, D. A., Monismith, S. G., Stacey, M. T., Burau, J. R. 2009; 135 (3): 198-208
  • An Experimental Study of Wave-Induced Set-up over a Horizontal Reef with an Idealized Ridge OMAE 2009, VOL 6 Yao, Y., Lo, E. Y., Huang, Z., Monismith, S. G. 2009: 383-389
  • Shallow water processes govern system-wide phytoplankton bloom dynamics: A modeling study JOURNAL OF MARINE SYSTEMS Lucas, L. V., Koseff, J. R., Monismith, S. G., Thompson, J. K. 2009; 75 (1-2): 70-86
  • Thermal Variability in a Tidal River ESTUARIES AND COASTS Monismith, S. G., Hench, J. L., Fong, D. A., Nidzieko, N. J., Fleenor, W. E., Doyle, L. P., Schladow, S. G. 2009; 32 (1): 100-110
  • Flow inside a coral colony measured using Magnetic Resonance Velocimetry Limnol. Oceanog. Chang, S., Elkins, C., Alley, M., Eaton, J., Monismith, S. 2009; 5 (54): 1819–1827
  • Tidally driven chemical fluxes across the sediment-water interface at Elkhorn Slough, California: evidence from a coupled geochemical and hydrodynamic approach Limnol. Oceanog. Breier, J., A., Nidzieko, N., Monismith, S., Moore, W., Paytan, A. 2009; 6 (54): 1964 -1980
  • Techniques for the accurate estimation of χT and ε from temperature microstructure J. Atmos Ocean Tech. Steinbuck, J., V., Stacey, M., T., Monismith, S., G. 2009; 8 (26): 1652-1662
  • Observations of secondary circulation and bottom stress in a channel with significant curvatures J. ASCE Hyd. Div. Fong, D., A., Monismith, S., G., Burau, J., R., Stacey, M., T. 2009; 3 (135): 198-208
  • Episodic circulation and exchange in a wave-driven coral reef and lagoon system LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY Hench, J. L., Leichter, J. J., Monismith, S. G. 2008; 53 (6): 2681-2694
  • Evidence for the inherent unsteadiness of a river plume: Satellite observations of the Niagara River discharge LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY Horner-Devine, A. R., Fong, D. A., Monismith, S. G. 2008; 53 (6): 2731-2737
  • Shallow water processes govern system-wide phytoplankton bloom dynamics: A field study JOURNAL OF MARINE SYSTEMS Thompson, J. K., Koseff, J. R., Monismith, S. G., Lucas, L. V. 2008; 74 (1-2): 153-166
  • Modeling flow in coral communities with and without waves: A synthesis of porous media and canopy flow approaches LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY Lowe, R. J., Shavit, U., Falter, J. L., Koseff, J. R., Monismith, S. G. 2008; 53 (6): 2668-2680
  • Effects of western boundary current dynamics on the internal wave field of the Southeast Florida shelf JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS Davis, K. A., Leichter, J. J., Hench, J. L., Monismith, S. G. 2008; 113 (C9)
  • Plume dispersion on a fringing coral reef system LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY Jones, N. L., Lowe, R. J., Pawlak, G., Fong, D. A., Monismith, S. G. 2008; 53 (5): 2273-2286
  • Continuous measurements of net production over a shallow reef community using a modified Eulerian approach JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS Falter, J. L., Lowe, R. J., Atkinson, M. J., Monismith, S. G., Schar, D. W. 2008; 113 (C7)
  • The influence of whitecapping waves on the vertical structure of turbulence in a shallow estuarine embayment JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY Jones, N. L., Monismith, S. G. 2008; 38 (7): 1563-1580
  • Modeling the influence of wave-enhanced turbulence in a shallow tide- and wind-driven water column JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS Jones, N. L., Monismith, S. G. 2008; 113 (C3)
  • Extracting Reynolds stresses from acoustic Doppler current profiler measurements in wave-dominated environments JOURNAL OF ATMOSPHERIC AND OCEANIC TECHNOLOGY Rosman, J. H., Hench, J. L., Koseff, J. R., Monismith, S. G. 2008; 25 (2): 286-306
  • Episodic circulation and exchange in a wave driven coral reef lagoon system Limnol. Oceang. Hench, J., L., Leichter, J., L., Monismith, S., G. 2008; 6 (53): 2681-2694
  • The potential influence of whitecapping waves on vertical mixing in Franks Tract”, San Francisco Bay, California, USA San Francisco Estuary and Watershed Science Jones, N., L., Thompson, J., K., Monismith, S., G. 2008; 2 (6)
  • Measuring short-period wind waves in a tidally forced environment with a subsurface pressure gauge LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY-METHODS Jones, N. L., Monismith, S. G. 2007; 5: 317-327
  • Observing Larval Transport Processes Affecting Population Connectivity Progress and Challenges OCEANOGRAPHY Gawarkiewicz, G., Monismith, S., Largier, J. 2007; 20 (3): 40-53
  • Spatial patterns of flow and their modification within and around a giant kelp forest LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY Gaylord, B., Rosman, J. H., Reed, D. C., Koseff, J. R., Fram, J., Macintyre, S., Arkema, K., McDonald, C., Brzezinski, M. A., Largier, J. L., Monismith, S. G., Raimondi, P. T., Mardian, B. 2007; 52 (5): 1838-1852
  • Spectral wave-turbulence decomposition JOURNAL OF ATMOSPHERIC AND OCEANIC TECHNOLOGY Bricker, J. D., Monismith, S. G. 2007; 24 (8): 1479-1487
  • Laboratory experiments of fine-scale mixing and mass transport within a coral canopy PHYSICS OF FLUIDS Reidenbach, M. A., Koseff, J. R., Monismith, S. G. 2007; 19 (7)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.2752189

    View details for Web of Science ID 000248486100037

  • Spectral wave flow attenuation within submerged canopies: Implications for wave energy dissipation JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS Lowe, R. J., Falter, J. L., Koseff, J. R., Monismith, S. G., Atkinson, M. J. 2007; 112 (C5)
  • Laboratory observations of mean flows under surface gravity waves JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS Monismith, S. G., Cowen, E. A., Nepf, H. M., Magnaudet, J., Thais, L. 2007; 573: 131-147
  • A field investigation into the effects of a kelp forest (Macrocystis pyrifera) on coastal hydrodynamics and transport JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS Rosman, J. H., Koseff, J. R., Monismith, S. G., Grover, J. 2007; 112 (C2)
  • Structure of mass and momentum fields over a model aggregation of benthic filter feeders BIOGEOSCIENCES Crimaldi, J. P., Koseff, J. R., Monismith, S. G. 2007; 4 (3): 269-282
  • Hydrodynamics of coral reefs ANNUAL REVIEW OF FLUID MECHANICS Monismith, S. G. 2007; 39: 37-55
  • Effects of nonlocal turbulence on the mass transfer of dissolved species to reef corals LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY Falter, J. L., Atkinson, M. J., Lowe, R. J., Monismith, S. G., Koseff, J. R. 2007; 52 (1): 274-285
  • Zooplankton retention in the estuarine transition zone of the St. Lawrence Estuary LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY Simons, R. D., Monismith, S. G., Johnson, L. E., Winkler, G., Saucier, F. J. 2006; 51 (6): 2621-2631
  • A mixing-length formulation for the turbulent Prandtl number in wall-bounded flows with bed roughness and elevated scalar sources PHYSICS OF FLUIDS Crimaldi, J. P., Koseff, J. R., Monismith, S. G. 2006; 18 (9)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.2227005

    View details for Web of Science ID 000240877600019

  • Boundary layer turbulence and flow structure over a fringing coral reef LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY Reidenbach, M. A., Monismith, S. G., Koseff, J. R., Yahel, G., Genin, A. 2006; 51 (5): 1956-1968
  • The importance of submarine groundwater discharge to the nearshore nutrient supply in the Gulf of Aqaba (Israel) LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY Shellenbarger, G. G., Monismith, S. G., Genin, A., Paytan, A. 2006; 51 (4): 1876-1886
  • Thermally driven exchanges between a coral reef and the adjoining ocean JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY Monismith, S. G., Genin, A., Reidenbach, M. A., Yahel, G., Koseff, J. R. 2006; 36 (7): 1332-1347
  • Laboratory experiments simulating a coastal river inflow JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS Horner-Devine, A. R., Fong, D. A., Monismith, S. G., Maxworthy, T. 2006; 555: 203-232
  • Effects of the depth to coral height ratio on drag coefficients for unidirectional flow over coral LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY McDonald, C. B., Koseff, J. R., Monismith, S. G. 2006; 51 (3): 1294-1301
  • A novel flume for simulating the effects of wave- and tide-driven water motion on the biogeochemistry of benthic reef communities LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY-METHODS Falter, J. L., Atkinson, M. J., Fleming, J. H., Bos, M. M., Lowe, R. J., Koseff, J. R., Monismith, S. G. 2006; 4: 68-79
  • The effects of waves and morphology on mass transfer within branched reef corals LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY Reidenbach, M. A., Koseff, J. R., Monismith, S. G., Steinbuck, J. V., Genin, A. 2006; 51 (2): 1134-1141
  • A new mesocosm for simulating the effects of wave-driven water motion on the biogeochemistry of benthic reef communities. Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods Falter, J., L., Atkinson, M., J., H, Fleming, J., M., Bos, M., J., Lowe, R., R., Koseff, J., Monismith, S. G. 2006; 4: 68-79
  • Effects of waves, unidirectional currents, and morphology on mass transfer in branched reef corals Limnol. Oceanog Reidenbach, M., A., Koseff, J., R., Monismith, S., G., Steinbuck, J., V., A., Genin 2006; 2 (51): 1134-1141
  • Oscillatory flow through submerged canopies: 1. Velocity structure JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS Lowe, R. J., Koseff, J. R., Monismith, S. G. 2005; 110 (C10)
  • Oscillatory flow through submerged canopies: 2. Canopy mass transfer JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS Lowe, R. J., Koseff, J. R., Monismith, S. G., Falter, J. L. 2005; 110 (C10)
  • Bed drag coefficient variability under wind waves in a tidal estuary JOURNAL OF HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING-ASCE Bricker, J. D., Inagaki, S., Monismith, S. G. 2005; 131 (6): 497-508
  • Spectral wave dissipation over a barrier reef JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS Lowe, R. J., Falter, J. L., Bandet, M. D., Pawlak, G., Atkinson, M. J., Monismith, S. G., Koseff, J. R. 2005; 110 (C4)
  • Near-bottom depletion of zooplankton over a coral reef - II: relationships with zooplankton swimming ability CORAL REEFS Holzman, R., Reidenbach, M. A., Monismith, S. G., Koseff, J. R., Genin, A. 2005; 24 (1): 87-94
  • Near-bottom depletion of zooplankton over a coral reef: bottom avoidance or actual predation? Coral Reefs Holtzman, R., Yahel, R., Yahel, G., Reidenbach, M., A., Monismith, S., G., Koseff, J., R. 2005; 24: 87-94
  • On the effects of topography on wind and the generation of currents in a large multi-basin lake HYDROBIOLOGIA Rueda, F. J., Schladow, S. G., Monismith, S. G., Stacey, M. T. 2005; 532: 139-151
  • A note on the potential transport of scalars and organisms by surface waves LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY Monismith, S. G. 2004; 49 (4): 1214-1217
  • Evaluation of the accuracy of a ship-mounted, bottom-tracking ADCP in a near-shore coastal flow JOURNAL OF ATMOSPHERIC AND OCEANIC TECHNOLOGY Fong, D. A., Monismith, S. G. 2004; 21 (7): 1121-1128
  • Double diffusive effect on desalination discharges JOURNAL OF HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING-ASCE Law, A. W., Ho, W. F., Monismith, S. G. 2004; 130 (5): 450-457
  • Tides and sea level in the Gulf of Aqaba (Eilat) JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS Monismith, S. G., Genin, A. 2004; 109 (C4)
  • Covariation of coastal water temperature and microbial pollution at interannual to tidal periods GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS Boehm, A. B., Lluch-Cota, D. B., Davis, K. A., Winant, C. D., Monismith, S. G. 2004; 31 (6)
  • Bed Drag Coefficient Variability in a Tidal Estuary: Field measurements and Numerical Modeling Annual Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, JSCE Bricker, J., D., Inagaki, S., Monismith, S., G. 2004; 48: 1237-1242
  • Modelling the effects of bed drag coefficient variability under wind waves in South San Francisco Bay ESTUARINE AND COASTAL MODELING, PROCEEDINGS Bricker, J. D., Inagaki, S., Monismith, S. G. 2004: 89-107
  • Interaction of lateral baroclinic forcing and turbulence in an estuary JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS Lacy, J. R., Stacey, M. T., Burau, J. R., Monismith, S. G. 2003; 108 (C3)
  • Dynamics of large polymictic lake. I: Field observations JOURNAL OF HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING-ASCE Rueda, F. J., Schladow, S. G., Monismith, S. G., Stacey, M. T. 2003; 129 (2): 82-91
  • The interaction of lateral baroclinic forcing and turbulence in an estuary. J. Geophys. Res (Oceans) Lacy, J., R., Stacey, M., T., Burau, J., R., Monismith, S., G. 2003; C3 (108)

    View details for DOI 10.1029/2001JC001105

  • The internal dynamics of a large polymictic lake. Part I: Field observations. J. Hydraulic Eng. Rueda, F., Schladow, S., G., Monismith, S., G., Stacey, M., T. 2003; 2 (129): 82-91
  • The interplay between upwelling and deep convective mixing in determining the seasonal phytoplankton dynamics in the Gulf of Aqaba: Evidence from SeaWiFS and MODIS. Limnol. Ocean. Labiosa, R., G., Arrigo, K., R., Genin, A., Monismith, S., G., Dijken, G., van 2003; 6 (48): 2355-2368
  • Structure and flow-induced variability of the subtidal salinity field in northern San Francisco Bay JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY Monismith, S. G., Kimmerer, W., Burau, J. R., Stacey, M. T. 2002; 32 (11): 3003-3019
  • A comment on the use of flushing time, residence time, and age as transport time scales LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY Monsen, N. E., Cloern, J. E., Lucas, L. V., Monismith, S. G. 2002; 47 (5): 1545-1553
  • Numerical simulation of geophysical turbulence COMPUTERS & FLUIDS Ferziger, J. H., Koseff, J. R., Monismith, S. G. 2002; 31 (4-7): 557-568
  • Intense benthic grazing on phytoplankton in coral reefs revealed using the control volume approach Oceanography Genin, A., Yahel, G., Reidenbach, M., A., Monismith, S., G., Koseff, J., R. 2002; 2 (15): 90-97
  • Tidal asymmetry and variability of bed shear stress and sediment bed flux at a site in San Francisco Bay, USA FINE SEDIMENT DYNAMICS IN THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT Brennan, M. L., Schoellhamer, D. H., Burau, J. R., Monismith, S. G. 2002; 5: 93-107
  • Secondary currents in a curved, stratified, estuarine channel JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS Lacy, J. R., Monismith, S. G. 2001; 106 (C12): 31283-31302
  • Creation of residual flows in a partially stratified estuary JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS Stacey, M. T., Burau, J. R., Monismith, S. G. 2001; 106 (C8): 17013-17037
  • Creation of residual flows in a partially stratified estuary J. Geophys. Res (Oceans) Stacey, M., T., Burau, J., R., Monismith, S., G. 2001; C4 (106): 17013-17038
  • Stably stratified turbulent channel flows. I. Stratification regimes and turbulence suppression mechanism PHYSICS OF FLUIDS Garg, R. P., Ferziger, J. H., Monismith, S. G., Koseff, J. R. 2000; 12 (10): 2569-2594
  • Evaluation of advection schemes for estuary transport - Closure JOURNAL OF HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING-ASCE Gross, E. S., Koseff, J. R., Monismith, S. G. 2000; 126 (4): 314-316
  • Plume dispersion in a stratified, near-coastal flow: measurements and modeling CONTINENTAL SHELF RESEARCH Stacey, M. T., Cowen, E. A., Powell, T. M., Dobbins, E., Monismith, S. G., Koseff, J. R. 2000; 20 (6): 637-663
  • Stably stratified channel flows. I Stratification regimes and turbulence suppression mechanism Phys. Fluids. Garg, R., P., Ferziger, J., H., Monismith, S., G., Koseff, J., R. 2000; 10 (12): 2569-2594
  • Three-dimensional salinity simulations of south San Francisco Bay JOURNAL OF HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING-ASCE Gross, E. S., Koseff, J. R., Monismith, S. G. 1999; 125 (11): 1199-1209
  • Observations of turbulence in a partially stratified estuary JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY Stacey, M. T., Monismith, S. G., Burau, J. R. 1999; 29 (8): 1950-1970
  • Measurements of Reynolds stress profiles in unstratified tidal flow JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS Stacey, M. T., Monismith, S. G., Burau, J. R. 1999; 104 (C5): 10933-10949
  • Evaluation of advective schemes for estuarine salinity simulations JOURNAL OF HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING-ASCE Gross, E. S., Koseff, J. R., Monismith, S. G. 1999; 125 (1): 32-46
  • Processes governing phytoplankton blooms in estuaries. II: The role of horizontal transport MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES Lucas, L. V., Koseff, J. R., Monismith, S. G., Cloern, J. E., Thompson, J. K. 1999; 187: 17-30
  • Salinity simulations in San Francisco Bay ENVIRONMENTAL HYDRAULICS Gross, E. S., Koseff, J. R., Monismith, S. G. 1999: 67-73
  • Processes governing phytoplankton blooms in estuaries. I: The local production-loss balance MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES Lucas, L. V., Koseff, J. R., Cloern, J. E., Monismith, S. G., Thompson, J. K. 1999; 187: 1-15
  • Does the Sverdrup critical depth model explain bloom dynamics in estuaries? JOURNAL OF MARINE RESEARCH Lucas, L. V., Cloern, J. E., Koseff, J. R., Monismith, S. G., Thompson, J. K. 1998; 56 (2): 375-415
  • Turbulent mixing in a shear-free stably stratified two-layer fluid JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS Briggs, D. A., FERZIGER, J. H., Koseff, J. R., Monismith, S. G. 1998; 354: 175-208
  • Direct numerical simulation of wave-mean flow and wave-wave interactions: A brief perspective PHYSICAL PROCESSES IN LAKES IN OCEANS Lin, C. L., Koseff, J. R., FERZIGER, J. H., Monismith, S. G. 1998; 54: 271-283
  • On wavy mean flows, Langmuir cells, strain, and turbulence PHYSICAL PROCESSES IN LAKES IN OCEANS Monismith, S. G., Magnaudet, J. J. 1998; 54: 101-110
  • Hybrid spectral finite difference simulations of stratified turbulent flows on distributed memory architectures INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR NUMERICAL METHODS IN FLUIDS Garg, R. P., FERZIGER, J. H., Monismith, S. G. 1997; 24 (11): 1129-1158
  • Digital particle tracking velocimetry ENVIRONMENTAL AND COASTAL HYDRAULICS: PROTECTING THE AQUATIC HABITAT, PROCEEDINGS OF THEME B, VOLS 1 & 2 Cowen, E. A., Monismith, S. G. 1997; 27: 119-124
  • A hybrid digital particle tracking velocimetry technique EXPERIMENTS IN FLUIDS Cowen, E. A., Monismith, S. G. 1997; 22 (3): 199-211
  • Measuring estuarine turbulence with an ADCP ENVIRONMENTAL AND COASTAL HYDRAULICS: PROTECTING THE AQUATIC HABITAT, PROCEEDINGS OF THEME B, VOLS 1 & 2 Stacey, M. T., Monismith, S. G. 1997; 27: 155-160
  • Stratification and turbulence over a tidal cycle in northern San Francisco Bay ENVIRONMENTAL AND COASTAL HYDRAULICS: PROTECTING THE AQUATIC HABITAT, PROCEEDINGS OF THEME B, VOLS 1 & 2 Lacy, J. R., Stacey, M. T., Monismith, S. G., Burau, J. R. 1997; 27: 1108-1113
  • Observations of turbulent mixing and shear in a partially stratified estuary ENVIRONMENTAL AND COASTAL HYDRAULICS: PROTECTING THE AQUATIC HABITAT, PROCEEDINGS OF THEME B, VOLS 1 & 2 Stacey, M. T., Monismith, S. G., Burau, J. R. 1997; 27: 1102-1107
  • Entrainment in a shear-free, stably stratified turbulent mixing layer J. Fluid Mech. Briggs, D., A., Ferziger, J., H., Koseff, J., R., Monismith, S., G. 1997; 354: 175-208
  • An hybrid digital particle tracking velocimetry technique Experiments in Fluids Cowen, E., A., Monismith, S., G. 1997; 22: 199-211
  • A simple model of mixing in stratified tidal flows JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS Monismith, S. G., Fong, D. A. 1996; 101 (C12): 28583-28595
  • Environmental hydraulics: New research directions for the 21st century JOURNAL OF HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING-ASCE Johnson, P. A., Brooks, N. H., French, R. H., Koseff, J. R., Maidment, D. R., Monismith, S. G., Parker, S. 1996; 122 (4): 180-183
  • Entrainment in a shear-free turbulent mixing layer JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS Briggs, D. A., FERZIGER, J. H., Koseff, J. R., Monismith, S. G. 1996; 310: 215-241
  • LONGITUDINAL VORTICES BENEATH BREAKING WAVES JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS Nepf, H. M., Cowen, E. A., Kimmel, S. J., Monismith, S. G. 1995; 100 (C8): 16211-16221
  • THE EFFECT OF BIVALVE EXCURRENT JET DYNAMICS ON MASS-TRANSFER IN A BENTHIC BOUNDARY-LAYER LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY ORIORDAN, C. A., Monismith, S. G., Koseff, J. R. 1995; 40 (2): 330-344
  • ISOHALINE POSITION AS A HABITAT INDICATOR FOR ESTUARINE POPULATIONS ECOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS Jassby, A. D., Kimmerer, W. J., Monismith, S. G., ARMOR, C., Cloern, J. E., Powell, T. M., Schubel, J. R., VENDLINSKI, T. J. 1995; 5 (1): 272-289
  • Wave dispersion on a sheared current Applied Ocean Research Nepf, H., M., Monismith, S., G. 1994; 16: 313-315
  • A STUDY OF CONCENTRATION BOUNDARY-LAYER FORMATION OVER A BED OF MODEL BIVALVES LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY ORIORDAN, C. A., Monismith, S. G., Koseff, J. R. 1993; 38 (8): 1712-1729
  • COUPLED EFFECTS OF VERTICAL MIXING AND BENTHIC GRAZING ON PHYTOPLANKTON POPULATIONS IN SHALLOW, TURBID ESTUARIES JOURNAL OF MARINE RESEARCH Koseff, J. R., HOLEN, J. K., Monismith, S. G., Cloern, J. E. 1993; 51 (4): 843-868
  • AXISYMMETRICAL SELECTIVE WITHDRAWAL IN A ROTATING STRATIFIED FLUID JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS Monismith, S. G., McDonald, N. R., Imberger, J. 1993; 249: 287-305
  • The effects of vertical mixing and benthic grazing on phytoplankton populations in shallow turbid estuaries J. Marine Res. Koseff, J., R., Holen, J., K., Monismith, S., G., Cloern, J., E. 1993; 4 (51): 1-26
  • An experimental study of concentration boundary layer formation over bivalve assemblages Limnology and Oceanography O'Riordan, C., A., Monismith, S., G., Koseff, J., R. 1993; 8 (38): 1712-1729
  • EXPERIMENTAL-STUDY OF WAVE-INDUCED LONGITUDINAL VORTICES JOURNAL OF HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING-ASCE Nepf, H. M., Monismith, S. G. 1991; 117 (12): 1639-1649
  • CONVECTIVE MOTIONS IN THE SIDEARM OF A SMALL RESERVOIR LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY Monismith, S. G., Imberger, J., MORISON, M. L. 1990; 35 (8): 1676-1702
  • A STUDY OF MODEL BIVALVE SIPHONAL CURRENTS LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY Monismith, S. G., Koseff, J. R., Thompson, J. K., ORIORDAN, C. A., Nepf, H. M. 1990; 35 (3): 680-696
  • Horizontal convection in the sidearm of a small reservoir Limnology and Oceanography Monismith, S., G., Imberger, J., Morrissey, T. 1990; 35: 1676-1702
  • SELECTIVE WITHDRAWAL AND SPIN-UP OF A ROTATING STRATIFIED FLUID JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS Monismith, S. G., Maxworthy, T. 1989; 199: 377-401
  • SHEAR-WAVES AND UNSTEADY SELECTIVE WITHDRAWAL JOURNAL OF HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING-ASCE MONISMITH, S., Imberger, J., BILLI, G. 1988; 114 (9): 1134-1152
  • DIFFERENTIAL MIXING IN A STRATIFIED FLUID JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS Maxworthy, T., Monismith, S. G. 1988; 189: 571-598
  • MODAL RESPONSE OF RESERVOIRS TO WIND STRESS JOURNAL OF HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING-ASCE MONISMITH, S. 1987; 113 (10): 1290-1306
  • The modal response of reservoirs to wind stress J. Hydr. Div. ASCE Monismith, S., G. 1987; HY10 (110): 1290-1326
  • An experimental study of the upwelling response of stratified reservoirs to shear stress Journal of Fluid Mechanics Monismith, S. G. 1986; 171: 407-439
  • Wind forced motions in stratified lakes and their effects on mixed-layer shear Limnology and Oceanography Monismith, S. G. 1985; 30 (4): 771-783

Books and Book Chapters


  • The surface mixed layer in lakes Encyclopedia of Inland Waters. G. Oxford: Elsevier. 2009: 636-650

Conference Proceedings


  • The effects of coral morphology and ambient flow on mass transfer in coral communities Reidenbach, M. A., Koehl, M. A., Genin, A., Monismith, S. G., Koseff, J. R. OXFORD UNIV PRESS INC. 2006: E115-E115
  • Tidal asymmetry and variability of cohesive sediment transport at a site in San Francisco Bay, California Brennan, M., L., Schoellhamer, D., H., Burau, J., R., Monismith, S., G. edited by Winterwerp, J., C., Kranenburg, C. 2002
  • On wavy mean flows, strain, turbulence and Langmuir cells IUTAM Symposium on Physical Limnology Monismith, S. G., Magnaudet, J. American Geophysical Union. 1998: 101-110
  • Stratification Dynamics and Gravitational Circulation in Northern San Francisco Bay Monismith, S. G., Burau, J., Stacey, M. T. AAAS. 1996: 123-153
  • Simulation of stratified turbulent channel flows on the intel paragon parallel supercomputer Garg, R. P., FERZIGER, J. H., Monismith, S. G. ELSEVIER SCIENCE PUBL B V. 1996: 481-488
  • The effects of near-bed hydrodynamics on model bivalve filtration rates ORIORDAN, C. A., Monismith, S. G., Koseff, J. R. E SCHWEIZERBART'SCHE VERLAGSBUCHHANDLUNG. 1996: 247-254
  • IMPLEMENTATION OF SPECTRAL FINITE DIFFERENCE METHOD FOR SIMULATION OF STRATIFIED TURBULENT FLOWS ON DISTRIBUTED MEMORY MULTIPROCESSORS Garg, R. P., FERZIGER, J. H., Monismith, S. G. SIAM. 1995: 149-154
  • SIMULATION AND STABILITY OF 2-DIMENSIONAL INTERNAL GRAVITY-WAVES IN A STRATIFIED SHEAR-FLOW Lin, C. L., FERZIGER, J. H., Koseff, J. R., Monismith, S. G. ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV. 1993: 325-366