All Publications

  • Association between operative duration and adverse outcomes after hip fracture surgery: A NSQIP matched cohort study. Injury Harris, T., Segovia, N., Koltsov, J., Gardner, M. 2024; 55 (8): 111635


    Prolonged operative duration is an independent risk factor for surgical complications in numerous subspecialties. However, associations between adverse events and operative duration of hip fracture fixation in older adults have not been well-quantified. This study aims to determine if prolonged operative duration of hip fracture surgery is related to adverse outcomes. We hypothesized that patients with high operative durations experience greater rates of 30-day complications.The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was retrospectively reviewed to identify older adults (55 years and above) who underwent hip fracture fixation between 2015-2019. Prolonged operative duration was defined as >75th percentile, and cases were matched using propensity scores based on demographic, surgical, and comorbidity factors. Univariate differences in adverse events (including readmission, reoperation, mortality, and organ-system complications) were analyzed. Multivariable mixed-effects logistic regression analyses were completed for statistically significant events.A total of 8827 case-control pairs were identified for comparison. Rates of superficial surgical site infection (SSI) (p= 0.022), any SSI (p= 0.032), and any complication (p < 0.001) were elevated in those with prolonged surgical duration in univariate analyses. In multivariable models, prolonged operative time was associated with superficial SSI (OR 1.50, p= 0.019), any SSI (OR 1.35; p= 0.029) and any complication (OR 1.58; p < 0.001). In subgroup analyses, all findings persisted for IMN with operative time associated with superficial SSI (OR 1.98, p= 0.012), any SSI (OR 1.71; p= 0.019), and any complication (OR 1.84; p < 0.001). Operative time was associated only with any complication for hemiarthroplasty/internal fixation and sliding hip screw (OR 1.27 and 1.89, respectively; p < 0.001).Our study demonstrates that duration of surgery is an independent risk factor for superficial SSI, any SSI, and any complication. Notably, our findings suggest that high operative durations may be most concerning for SSIs in IMN fixation, which is currently the most common choice for hip fracture fixation in the US. However, the rate of any complication is significantly elevated when surgical duration is prolonged, regardless of surgery type.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.injury.2024.111635

    View details for PubMedID 38852528

  • Neurogenic Thoracic Outlet Syndrome in Division 1 Collegiate Athletes: Presentation, Diagnosis, and Treatment. Clinical journal of sport medicine : official journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine Olson, E. M., Dyrek, P., Harris, T., Fereydooni, A., Lee, J. T., Kussman, A., Roh, E. 2023


    Athletes who engage in repetitive upper-extremity exercise are susceptible to neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (nTOS). We sought to identify typical presenting symptoms and common findings on diagnostic workup, in addition to evaluating rates of return to play following various treatment interventions.Retrospective chart review.Single institution.Medical records of Division 1 athletes containing the diagnosis of nTOS between the years 2000 and 2020 were identified. Athletes with arterial or venous thoracic outlet syndrome were excluded.Demographics, sport, participation status, clinical presentation, physical examination findings, diagnostic workup, and treatments provided.Rate of return to play (RTP) to collegiate athletics.Twenty-three female and 13 male athletes were diagnosed and treated for nTOS. Digit plethysmography showed diminished or obliterated waveforms with provocative maneuvers in 23 of 25 athletes. Forty-two percent were able to continue competing despite symptoms. Of the athletes who were initially unable to compete, 12% returned to full competition after physical therapy alone, 42% of those remaining were able to RTP after botulinum toxin injection, and an additional 42% of the remaining athletes RTP after thoracic outlet decompression surgery.Many athletes diagnosed with nTOS will be able to continue competing despite symptoms. Digit plethysmography is a sensitive diagnostic tool for nTOS to document anatomical compression at the thoracic inlet. Botulinum toxin injection had a significant positive effect on symptoms and a high rate of RTP (42%), allowing numerous athletes to avoid surgery and its prolonged recovery and associated risks.This study demonstrates that botulinum toxin injection had a high rate of return to full competition in elite athletes without the risks and recovery needed for surgical intervention, suggesting that this may be a good intervention especially among elite athletes who only experience symptoms with sport-related activities.

    View details for DOI 10.1097/JSM.0000000000001162

    View details for PubMedID 37207307

  • Impact of Scalene Muscle Botulinum Toxin Injection With and Without Surgery in Neurogenic Thoracic Outlet Syndrome. Clinical journal of sport medicine : official journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine Fereydooni, A., Ho, V. T., Olson, E. M., Dyrek, P., Harris, T., Kussman, A., Roh, E., Lee, J. T. 2022


    Scalene blocks are part of both the diagnostic and treatment algorithm for patients presenting with symptoms of neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (nTOS). However, there is a paucity of data on the utility of scalene botulinum toxin injection (BTI) before surgical decompression. We sought to determine the impact of BTI with and without surgery at a multidisciplinary referral center.Retrospective cohort study.Single institution tertiary academic center, 2011 to 2020.Seventy-seven consecutive patients.Scalene muscle BTI for nTOS with or without surgical decompression.Pain relief and Quick Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (QDASH) score.Seventy-seven patients, with a mean age of 31.4 years, had BTI for symptoms of nTOS. All patients underwent pretreatment physical therapy through the Edgelow protocol for a mean duration of 3.4 months. However, 72.7% had dynamic vascular compression on duplex ultrasound with provocative maneuvers and 85.7% had a positive physical examination finding. After BTI, 77.9% reported subjective relief, confirmed by an improved QDASH disability score. Thirty-one patients (40.3%) then went on to have further persistent symptoms and proceeded with first rib resection. After BTI + Surgery, 96.8% reported symptomatic relief and had a median QDASH score improvement of 21 (range: 10-40), with all reaching minimal clinically important differences in the QDASH score after combination therapy.In this reported series of chemodenervation in patients with nTOS, BTI is helpful in alleviating symptoms before definitive surgical decompression. BTI followed by first rib resection provides additional symptom improvement over BTI alone.

    View details for DOI 10.1097/JSM.0000000000001094

    View details for PubMedID 36367782

  • Access to American College of Surgeons Committee on Trauma-Verified Trauma Centers in the US, 2013-2019. JAMA Choi, J., Karr, S., Jain, A., Harris, T. C., Chavez, J. C., Spain, D. A. 2022; 328 (4): 391-393

    View details for DOI 10.1001/jama.2022.8097

    View details for PubMedID 35881133

  • Access to American College of Surgeons Committee on Trauma-Verified Trauma Centers in the US, 2013-2019 JAMA-JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION Choi, J., Karr, S., Jain, A., Harris, T. C., Chavez, J. C., Spain, D. A. 2022; 328 (4): 391-393
  • Impact of Scalene Muscle Botulinum Toxin Injection with and without Surgery in Neurogenic Thoracic Outlet Syndrome Fereydooni, A., Ho, V. T., Olson, E., Dyrek, P., Harris, T., Kussman, A., Roh, E. Y., Lee, J. T. MOSBY-ELSEVIER. 2021: E410
  • Predictors Of Relief Following Botulinum Injection For Thoracic Outlet Syndrome Olson, E., Dyrek, P., Fereydooni, A., Harris, T., Lee, J. T., Kussman, A., Roh, E. Y. LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS. 2021: 377
  • Predicting Return To Play In NCAA Division 1 Athletes With Neurogenic Thoracic Outlet Syndrome Dyrek, P., Olson, E., Fereydooni, A., Harris, T., Kussman, A., Roh, E., Lee, J. T., Segovia, N. LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS. 2021: 390
  • The Shrinking Brain: Cerebral Atrophy Following Traumatic Brain Injury ANNALS OF BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING Harris, T. C., de Rooij, R., Kuhl, E. 2019; 47 (9): 1941–59