School of Medicine
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Clinical Assistant Professor, Medicine - Cardiovascular Medicine
Clinical Assistant Professor, Pediatrics - Cardiology
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsAdult Congenital Heart Disease
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics (Critical Care)
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsMy laboratory is focused on understanding the cellular mechanisms which mediate end-organ failure in pediatric sepsis. Our current work focuses on determining the role of altered mitochondrial dynamics in sepsis-induced multi-organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). Specifically, we focus on understanding the mechanisms that mediate derangements in mitochondrial fission and autophagy in sepsis.
Professor of Pediatrics (Neonatology) and, by courtesy, of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Current Research and Scholarly Interests1. development of hospital operations centers coupled with sophisticated simulation capabilities
2. re-creation of near misses and adverse events
3. optimizing human and system performance during resuscitation
4. optimizing pattern recognition and situational awareness at the bedside
5. evaluation and optimization of debriefing
6. patient simulator design
Professor of Pediatrics (Adolescent Medicine) and, by courtesy, of Epidemiology and Population Health and of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsResearch focuses on developmental, cognitive and psychosocial factors involved in adolescents’ and young adults’ health-related decision-making, perceptions of risk and vulnerability, health communication and risk behavior. My research has focused on understanding and reducing health risk behaviors such as tobacco use, alcohol and marijuana use, risky driving, and risky sexual behavior.
Professor of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine (Pediatric) and of Pediatrics (Critical Care)
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsDr. Hammer's primary research interests are pediatric pharmacology and perioperative care of children undergoing cardiac surgery. He has numerous funded research projects in these areas, including an NIH grant for $4.3 million to study the pharmacology of sodium nitroprusside, a drug commonly used for blood pressure control in the operating room and ICU. Dr. Hammer has two other NIH grants and other ongoing research projects in the area of pediatric pharmacology.
Lawrence D. Hammer
Professor of Pediatrics (General Pediatrics) at the Lucile Salter Packard Children's Hospital, Emeritus
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsDr Hammer has had a longstanding interest in factors influencing the development of childhood obesity. In particular, his studies have focused on early determinants of eating behavior, physical activity, and parenting behavior in relation to early feeding decisions and parental influences on diet and eating. With the current epidemic of child obesity and it's comorbidities, he is currently involved in the development of protocols for adolescent bariatric surgery.
Clinical Assistant Professor, Pediatrics
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsA bad latch means maternal excruciating pain, ineffective milk transfer with subsequent weight loss, hypoglycemia, higher risk of hyperbilirubinemia and dehydration fever.All of the above led to early cessation of breastfeeding; 46% of mothers who initiate exclusive breastfeeding stop within the first 12 weeks because of difficult latch. I developed a latch tutorial focusing on step-by step-in striations for achieving an effective, non-painful latch.