Bio


Caroline Winterer is Professor of History and, by courtesy, of Classics, at Stanford University. She specializes in American history before 1900, especially the history of ideas, political thought, and the history of science. She is currently writing a book on the history of deep time in America.

Her most recent book is American Enlightenments: Pursuing Happiness in the Age of Reason (Yale, 2016). In it, she shows how early Americans grappled with the promises of the Enlightenment--how they used new questions about the plants, animals, rocks, politics, religions, and peoples of the New World to imagine a new relationship between the present and the past, and to spur far-flung conversations about a better future for all of humanity.

For mapping the social network of Benjamin Franklin, she received an American Ingenuity Award from the Smithsonian Institution. She is an elected member of the Society of American Historians (for literary distinction in the writing of history), a distinguished lecturer for the Organization of American Historians, and an elected member of the American Antiquarian Society. She has received fellowships from the Mellon Foundation, the National Endowment for the Humanities, the National Humanities Center, the Stanford Humanities Center, and the Spencer Foundation, among others. She has published peer-reviewed articles in the American Historical Review, Journal of American History, William and Mary Quarterly, American Quarterly, Journal of the Early Republic, Eighteenth-Century Studies, and Modern Intellectual History. Winterer has also curated two exhibits of rare books and artifacts: Ancient Rome & America at the National Constitution Center in Philadelphia (2010) and also The American Enlightenment at the Stanford Library (2011).

From 2013-2019, she was Director of the Stanford Humanities Center and Anthony P. Meier Family Professor in the Humanities.

Academic Appointments


Administrative Appointments


  • Director, Stanford Humanities Center (2013 - 2019)
  • Anthony P. Meier Family Professor in the Humanities, Stanford Humanities Center (2013 - 2019)
  • Professor, Department of Classics, Stanford University (2011 - Present)
  • Professor, Department of History, Stanford University (2010 - Present)
  • Assistant Professor, Department of History, Stanford University (2004 - 2010)
  • Associate Professor, Department of History, Stanford University (2004 - 2010)
  • Assistant Professor, Department of History, San Jose State University (1998 - 2004)
  • Associate Professor, Department of History, San Jose State University (1998 - 2004)
  • Visiting Assistant Professor, Department of History, Northwestern University (1997 - 1998)

Honors & Awards


  • Elected Member, Society of American Historians ("for literary distinction in the writing of history") (2019)
  • Elected Member, American Antiquarian Society (2016)
  • Distinguished Lecturer, Organization of American Historians (2015-2021)
  • Marta Sutton Weeks Faculty Scholar, Stanford University (2013 - 2016)
  • American Ingenuity Award, Smithsonian Institution (2013)
  • Lester J. Cappon Prize, William and Mary Quarterly, Omohundro Institute of Early American History & Culture (2011)
  • Faculty Research Fellow, Michelle R. Clayman Institute, Stanford University (2009 - 2010)
  • Gordon and Dailey Pattee Faculty Fellow, Stanford University (2009 - 2010)
  • Fellow, Stanford Humanities Center (2008 - 2009)
  • William and Frances Green Faculty Fellow, Stanford (2005 - 2006)
  • Fellow, National Humanities Center (2003 - 2004)
  • Fellow, Howard Foundation, Brown University (2003 - 2004)
  • New Scholar’s Book Award for The Culture of Classicism, American Educational Research Association (2003)
  • Faculty Affiliate, Center for the Humanities, Northwestern University (1998 - 1999)
  • Spencer Postdoctoral Fellow, The National Academy of Education (1998 - 1999)
  • Andrew W. Mellon Dissertation Fellow, ACLS (1995 - 1996)
  • Fellowship, University of Michigan Alumni (1994 - 1995)
  • Rackham Predoctoral Fellow, University of Michigan (1994 - 1995)
  • Scholarship, University of Michigan Alumnae Council (1994)
  • Candidacy Fellow, Andrew W. Mellon (1993)
  • Outstanding Teaching Award, University of Michigan (1993)
  • John H. Kemble Senior Thesis Prize in History, Pomona College (1988)

Boards, Advisory Committees, Professional Organizations


  • Editorial Board Member, Stanford University Press (2018 - 2019)
  • Editorial Board, University of Chicago Press, Histories of the University series (2017 - Present)
  • Chair, Search Committee, Native American History (2016 - 2017)
  • Chair, Search Committee, 19th-Century U.S. (2016 - 2017)
  • Advisory Board, University of Pennsylvania Press, Intellectual History of the Modern Age Series (2015 - Present)
  • Advisory Board, Society for U.S. Intellectual History (2015 - Present)
  • Chair, Search Committee, Early American History, Stanford (2014 - 2015)
  • Digital Humanities Outside Reviewer, John Carter Brown Library, (Brown University) (2014 - 2014)
  • Member, Denning Fund in Digital Humanities Selection Committee, Stanford (2013 - Present)
  • Member, Humanities Curriculum Committee, H&S, Stanford (2013 - 2014)
  • Member, Library Digital Humanities Selection Committee (2013 - 2014)
  • Member, Advisory Committee, Interdisciplinary Honors Program in the Arts, Stanford (2013 - 2014)
  • Associate Editor, Oxford Encyclopedia of American Intellectual and Cultural History (2013 - 2013)
  • Editorial Board Member, Reviews in American History (2009 - Present)
  • Advisory Board Member, Stanford Humanities Center (2009 - 2013)
  • Editorial Board Member, Modern Intellectual History (2008 - Present)
  • Editorial Board Member, Palgrave series in Intellectual and Cultural History (2008 - 2013)

Professional Education


  • Ph.D., University of Michigan, History (1996)
  • A.M., University of Michigan, History (1991)
  • B.A., Pomona College, History (1988)

Research Interests


  • Gender Issues
  • Higher Education
  • History of Education

2018-19 Courses


Stanford Advisees


  • Orals Evaluator
    Valerie Deisinger, Charlotte Hull, Alexandra Stern

All Publications


  • “History" A Cultural History of Ideas in the Age of Enlightenment Winterer, C. Bloomsbury. 2020
  • DEMOCRATIC VISTAS MODERN INTELLECTUAL HISTORY Winterer, C. 2019; 16 (2): 599–605
  • Washington Post, review of Steven Pinker, Enlightenment Now: The Case for Reason, Science, Humanism, and Progress (2018). Feb. 23, 2018: http://wapo.st/2EOhmgG?tid=ss_mail Winterer, C. Washington Post. 2018
  • "Historical Research in a Digital Age: Refllections on the Mapping the Republic of Letters Project" American HIstorical Review Winterer, C., et al 2017; 2 (2017): 400-424
  • The Importance of Being Ideological Eighteenth-Century Studies Winterer, C. 2017; 50 (3): 308-14

    View details for DOI 10.1353/ecs.2017.0016

  • "What Was the American Enlightenment?" The Worlds of American Intellectual History Winterer, C. Oxford University Press. 2016: 19–36
  • “The Aquarial View: Taking Things Seriously in the History of Ideas.” Society for U.S. Intellectual HIstory Classics Series Winterer, C. 2016: http://s-usih.org/2016/08/the-aquarial-view-taking-things-seriously-in-the-history-of-ideas.html
  • Classicism Encyclopedia of the American Enlightenment Winterer, C. edited by Spencer, M. Thoemmes. 2014
  • The U.S. Founders and Cyrus the Great of Persia (Book Review of Cyropaedia) Harvard Center for Hellenic Studies Winterer, C. 2013
  • Classicism Oxford Encyclopedia of American Intellectual and Cultural History Winterer, C. Oxford University Press. 2013
  • WHERE IS AMERICA IN THE REPUBLIC OF LETTERS? MODERN INTELLECTUAL HISTORY Winterer, C. 2012; 9 (3): 597-623
  • Thomas Jefferson and the Ancient World A Companion to Thomas Jefferson, Blackwell Companions to American History Series Winterer, C. edited by Cogliano, F. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell. 2011: 380–396
  • Classical Taste at Monticello: The Case of Thomas Jefferson's Daughter and Granddaughters Thomas Jefferson, the Classical World and Early America Winterer, C. edited by Onuf, P., Cole, N. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press. 2011: 78–98
  • The American Enlightenment: Treasures from the Stanford University Libraries Winterer, C. Stanford: Stanford University Libraries. 2011
  • Phillis Wheatley The Virgil Encyclopedia Winterer, C. edited by Thomas, R., Ziolkowski, J. M. Wiley-Blackwell. 2011
  • Model Empire, Lost City: Ancient Carthage and the Science of Politics in Revolutionary America WILLIAM AND MARY QUARTERLY Winterer, C. 2010; 67 (1): 3-30
  • Fraternities and Sororities The Classical Tradition Winterer, C. edited by Grafton, A., Most, G., Settis, S. Harvard University Press. 2010
  • Why Did American Women Read the Aeneid? A Companion to Vergil’s Aeneid and Its Tradition, Blackwell Companions to the Ancient World series Winterer, C. edited by Putnam, M., Farrel, J. Wiley-Blackwell. 2010: 366–375
  • Victorian Antigone: Classicism and Women’s Education in America, 1840-1900 American Women and Classical Myths Winterer, C. edited by Staley, G. Baylor University Press. 2009: 159–179
  • The Universal Freckle Common-Place Winterer, C. 2009; 9 (3)
  • Women and Civil Society: Introduction JOURNAL OF THE EARLY REPUBLIC Winterer, C. 2008; 28 (1): 23-28
  • The Big Picture: The Ancient Mediterranean in Early America Common-Place Winterer, C. 2008; 8 (4)
  • The Female World of Classical Reading in Eighteenth-Century America Reading Women: Literacy, Authorship, and Culture in the Atlantic World, 1500-1800 Winterer, C. edited by Hackel, H., Kelly, C. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. 2007: 105–123
  • The Mirror of Antiquity: American Women and the Classical Tradition, 1750 - 1900 Winterer, C. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. 2007
  • Is There an Intellectual History of Early American Women? Modern Intellectual History Winterer, C. 2007; 4 (1): 173 - 190
  • Classical Oratory and Fears of Demagoguery in Antebellum America Classical Antiquity and the Politics of America Winterer, C. edited by Meckler, M. Baylor University Press. 2006: 41–53
  • From royal to republican: The classical image in early America JOURNAL OF AMERICAN HISTORY Winterer, C. 2005; 91 (4): 1264-1290
  • Republican Art Wilson Quarterly Winterer, C. 2005: 104 - 105
  • Venus on the Sofa: Women, Neoclassicism, and the Early American Republic Modern Intellectual History Winterer, C. 2005: 29 - 60
  • The Culture of Classicism: Ancient Greece and Rome in American Intellectual Life, 1780-1910 (Paperback) Winterer, C. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. 2004
  • John Clarke (1687-1734) Dictionary of British Classicists, 1500-1960 Winterer, C. edited by Todd, R. Bristol: Thoemmes Press. 2004
  • The culture of classicism: Ancient Greece and Rome in American intellectual life, 1780-1910 (Book Review) NEW REPUBLIC Book Review Authored by: Bowersock, G. W. 2002; 227 (19): 27-31
  • The Problem of the Past in the Modern University: Catholics and Classicists, 1860-1900 History of Education Quarterly Winterer, C., Mahoney, K. 2002; 42: 518-545
  • The American School of Classical Studies at Athens: Scholarship and High Culture in the Gilded Age Winterer, C. edited by Allen, S. 2002: 93–104
  • Victorian Antigone: Classicism and women's education in America, 1840-1900 AMERICAN QUARTERLY Winterer, C. 2001; 53 (1): 70-93
  • The Humanist Revolution in America, 1820-1860: Classical Antiquity in the Colleges History of Higher Education Annual Winterer, C. 1998; 18: 111 - 129
  • A HAPPY MEDIUM - THE SOCIOLOGY OF COOLEY,CHARLES,HORTON JOURNAL OF THE HISTORY OF THE BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES Winterer, C. 1994; 30 (1): 19-27
  • AVOIDING A HOTHOUSE SYSTEM OF EDUCATION - 19TH-CENTURY EARLY-CHILDHOOD EDUCATION FROM THE INFANT SCHOOLS TO THE KINDERGARTENS HISTORY OF EDUCATION QUARTERLY Winterer, C. 1992; 32 (3): 289-314