Bio


Professor Fischer's research goals are to improve the productivity of project teams involved in designing, building, and operating facilities and to enhance the sustainability of the built environment. His work develops the theoretical foundations and applications for virtual design and construction (VDC). VDC methods support the design of a facility and its delivery process and help reduce the costs and maximize the value over its lifecycle. His research has been used by many small and large industrial government organizations around the world.

Academic Appointments


  • Professor, Civil and Environmental Engineering

Administrative Appointments


  • Director, Center for Integrated Facility Engineering - CIFE (2001 - Present)

Honors & Awards


  • Member, National Academy of Construction (2018)
  • Peurifoy Construction Research Award, ASCE (2017)
  • Honorary Senior Fellow, Design Futures Council (2006)
  • Best Paper Award, Artificial Intelligence in Design (2000)
  • Eugene L. Grant Award for Excellence in Teaching, Eugene L. Grant (1999)
  • Hoefer Prize for Excellence in Undergraduate Writing, Stanford University (1997,1998, 2005)
  • Top 25 Newsmaker, Engineering News Record (1996)

Professional Education


  • PhD, Stanford University (1991)

2019-20 Courses


Stanford Advisees



  • Parisa Nikkhoo, Filippo Ranalli
  • Doctoral Dissertation Reader (AC)
    Max Ferguson, Chris Ford, Jacqueline Lo, Andrew Sonta
  • Orals Chair
    Abhijeet Mohapatra
  • Doctoral Dissertation Advisor (AC)
    Iro Armeni, Steven Barg, Cynthia Brosque, Carter Casady, Alissa Cooperman, Ernestine Fu, Rui Liu, Parisa Nikkhoo, Bo Peng, Forest Peterson, Amanda Piao, Filippo Ranalli, Min Song, Anne-Laure Strong, Sergio Tarantino, Yan-Ping Wang
  • Master's Program Advisor
    Shashank Agrawal, Michel Bakhoum, Armelle Coutant, Alexandra Diabre, Simge Girgin, Kosuke Horigome, Yash Kansal, Lizzy Kolar, Berk Manav, Wilfrido Martinez-Alonso, Kanto Nishiguchi, Rajeev Oak, Gabriela Palavecino, Rubi Rodriguez Mendoza, Maggie Sheng, Haoyu Si, Lucas Toffoli, Piero Urrutia Rosazza, Julia Wagenfehr, Haiyun Wang, Chun-Liang Wu, Zhourong Xiong, Yue Yu
  • Doctoral (Program)
    Steven Barg, Stephanie Chin, Dave Dixon, Hesam Hamledari, Yujin Lee, Forest Peterson, Min Song, Melody Spradlin

All Publications


  • A Method to Provide Integrated Design through Systems-Level Automation Barg, S., Flager, F., Fischer, M., Cho, Y. K., Leite, F., Behzadan, A., Wang, C. AMER SOC CIVIL ENGINEERS. 2019: 385–92
  • Evaluation of Reshuffling Efforts to Comply with Installation Sequences of Prefabricated Interior Wall Panels from Bunks Delivered On Site Lee, Y., Fischer, M., Kim, J., Cho, Y. K., Leite, F., Behzadan, A., Wang, C. AMER SOC CIVIL ENGINEERS. 2019: 635–42
  • Parametric analysis of design stage building energy performance simulation models ENERGY AND BUILDINGS Shiel, P., Tarantino, S., Fischer, M. 2018; 172: 78–93
  • Construction Parts in Building Projects: Definition and Case Study JOURNAL OF MANAGEMENT IN ENGINEERING Zhao, N., Kam, C., Lo, J. Y., Kim, J., Fischer, M. 2018; 34 (4)
  • Guiding building professionals in selecting additive manufacturing technologies to produce building components MATERIALS TODAY COMMUNICATIONS Mrazovic, N., Baumers, M., Hague, R., Fischer, M. 2018; 15: 199–202
  • Making Each Workhour Count: Improving the Prediction of Construction Durations and Resource Allocations Fischer, M., Garcia-Lopez, N. P., Morkos, R., Smith, I. F., Domer, B. SPRINGER INTERNATIONAL PUBLISHING AG. 2018: 273–95
  • 4D BEYOND CONSTRUCTION: SPATIO-TEMPORAL AND LIFE-CYCLIC MODELING AND VISUALIZATION OF INFRASTRUCTURE DATA JOURNAL OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN CONSTRUCTION Zhang, Z., Hamledari, H., Billington, S., Fischer, M. 2018; 23: 285–304
  • An analytical method to estimate the total installed cost of structural steel building frames during early design JOURNAL OF BUILDING ENGINEERING Barg, S., Flager, F., Fischer, M. 2018; 15: 41–50
  • Field Study on the Connection between BIM and Daily Work Orders JOURNAL OF CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT Song, M. H., Fischer, M., Theis, P. 2017; 143 (5)
  • Learning movement patterns of the occupant in smart home environments: an unsupervised learning approach JOURNAL OF AMBIENT INTELLIGENCE AND HUMANIZED COMPUTING Zhang, T., Fu, W., Ye, J., Fischer, M. 2017; 8 (1): 133-146
  • A method to estimate climate-critical construction materials applied to seaport protection GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE-HUMAN AND POLICY DIMENSIONS Becker, A., Chase, N. T., Fischer, M., Schwegler, B., Mosher, K. 2016; 40: 125-136
  • BIM-based decision-support method for master planning of sustainable large-scale developments AUTOMATION IN CONSTRUCTION Kim, J. I., Kim, J., Fischer, M., Orr, R. 2015; 58: 95-108
  • Semiautomated Scaffolding Planning: Development of the Feature Lexicon for Computer Application JOURNAL OF COMPUTING IN CIVIL ENGINEERING Kim, J., Fischer, M., Kunz, J., Levitt, R. 2015; 29 (5)
  • Ranking appliance energy efficiency in households: Utilizing smart meter data and energy efficiency frontiers to estimate and identify the determinants of appliance energy efficiency in residential buildings ENERGY AND BUILDINGS Kavousian, A., Rajagopal, R., Fischer, M. 2015; 99: 220-230
  • Towards seaport resilience for climate change adaptation: Stakeholder perceptions of hurricane impacts in Gulfport (MS) and Providence (RI) PROGRESS IN PLANNING Becker, A. H., Matson, P., Fischer, M., Mastrandrea, M. D. 2015; 99: 1-49
  • Automated updating of space design requirements connecting user activities and space types AUTOMATION IN CONSTRUCTION Kim, T. W., Kim, Y., Cha, S. H., Fischer, M. 2015; 50: 102-110
  • Ontology for Representing Building Users' Activities in Space-Use Analysis JOURNAL OF CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT Kim, T. W., Fischer, M. 2014; 140 (8)
  • Fully Constrained Design: A general and scalable method for discrete member sizing optimization of steel truss structures COMPUTERS & STRUCTURES Flager, F., Soremekun, G., Adya, A., Shea, K., Haymaker, J., Fischer, M. 2014; 140: 55-65
  • Sharing of Temporary Structures: Formalization and Planning Application AUTOMATION IN CONSTRUCTION Kim, J., Fischer, M., Kunz, J., Levitt, R. 2014; 43: 187-194
  • Automated Generation of User Activity-Space Pairs in Space-Use Analysis JOURNAL OF CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT Kim, T. W., Fischer, M. 2014; 140 (5)
  • CAD-Centric Attribution Methodology for Multidisciplinary Optimization Environments: Enabling Parametric Attribution for Efficient Design Space Formulation and Evaluation JOURNAL OF COMPUTING IN CIVIL ENGINEERING Welle, B., Haymaker, J., Fischer, M., Bazjanac, V. 2014; 28 (2): 284-296
  • A bi-level hierarchical method for shape and member sizing optimization of steel truss structures COMPUTERS & STRUCTURES Flager, F., Adya, A., Haymaker, J., Fischer, M. 2014; 131: 1-11
  • A method to automate look-ahead schedule (LAS) generation for the finishing phase of construction projects AUTOMATION IN CONSTRUCTION Dong, N., Fischer, M., Haddad, Z., Levitt, R. 2013; 35: 157-173
  • A knowledge-based framework for automated space-use analysis AUTOMATION IN CONSTRUCTION Kim, T. W., Rajagopal, R., Fischer, M., Kam, C. 2013; 32: 165-176
  • Determinants of residential electricity consumption: Using smart meter data to examine the effect of climate, building characteristics, appliance stock, and occupants' behavior ENERGY Kavousian, A., Rajagopal, R., Fischer, M. 2013; 55: 184-194
  • Application of life-cycle assessment to early stage building design for reduced embodied environmental impacts BUILDING AND ENVIRONMENT Basbagill, J., Flager, F., Lepech, M., Fischer, M. 2013; 60: 81-92
  • BIM-Centric Daylight Profiler for Simulation (BDP4SIM): A methodology for automated product model decomposition and recomposition for climate-based daylighting simulation BUILDING AND ENVIRONMENT Welle, B., Rogers, Z., Fischer, M. 2012; 58: 114-134
  • A study of virtual design and construction implementation and benefits using a bayesian approach REVISTA DE LA CONSTRUCCION Rischmoller, L., Fischer, M., Kunz, J. 2012; 11 (3): 74-87
  • A genetic algorithm-based method for look-ahead scheduling in the finishing phase of construction projects ADVANCED ENGINEERING INFORMATICS Dong, N., Ge, D., Fischer, M., Haddad, Z. 2012; 26 (4): 737-748
  • A method to compare simulated and measured data to assess building energy performance BUILDING AND ENVIRONMENT Maile, T., Bazjanac, V., Fischer, M. 2012; 56: 241-251
  • Method to produce field instructions from product and process models for cast-in-place concrete operations AUTOMATION IN CONSTRUCTION Mourgues, C., Fischer, M., Kunz, J. 2012; 22: 233-246
  • SUSTAINABILITY RATING SYSTEMS JOURNAL OF GREEN BUILDING Mehdizadeh, R., Fischer, M. 2012; 7 (2): 177-199
  • GENERATING A NETWORK OF INFORMATION DEPENDENCIES AUTOMATICALLY 14th International Design Structure Matrix Conference Senescu, R. R., Head, A. W., Steinert, M., Fischer, M. A. CARL HANSER VERLAG. 2012: 139–152
  • Climate change impacts on international seaports: knowledge, perceptions, and planning efforts among port administrators CLIMATIC CHANGE Becker, A., Inoue, S., Fischer, M., Schwegler, B. 2012; 110 (1-2): 5-29
  • Research in Visualization Techniques for Field Construction JOURNAL OF CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT-ASCE Kamat, V. R., Martinez, J. C., Fischer, M., Golparvar-Fard, M., Pena-Mora, F., Savarese, S. 2011; 137 (10): 853-862
  • Can we grow buildings? Concepts and requirements for automated nano- to meter-scale building ADVANCED ENGINEERING INFORMATICS Rebolj, D., Fischer, M., Endy, D., Moore, T., Sorgo, A. 2011; 25 (2): 390-398
  • Teaching construction project management with BIM support: Experience and lessons learned AUTOMATION IN CONSTRUCTION Peterson, F., Hartmann, T., Fruchter, R., Fischer, M. 2011; 20 (2): 115-125
  • Closure to "Areas of Application for 3D and 4D Models on Construction Projects" by Timo Hartmann, Ju Gao, and Martin Fischer JOURNAL OF CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT-ASCE Hartmann, T., Gao, J., Fischer, M. 2010; 136 (8): 932-934
  • Implementing information systems with project teams using ethnographic-action research ADVANCED ENGINEERING INFORMATICS Hartmann, T., Fischer, M., Haymaker, J. 2009; 23 (1): 57-67
  • Integrated Scope-Schedule-Cost Model System for Civil Works 1st International Conference on Improving Construction and Use Through Integrated Design Solutions Peterson, F., Fischer, M., Tutti, T. TECHNICAL RESEARCH CENTRE FINLAND. 2009: 176–199
  • Areas of application for 3D and 4D models on construction projects JOURNAL OF CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT-ASCE Hartmann, T., Gao, J., Fischer, M. 2008; 134 (10): 776-785
  • Quantitative analysis of workflow, temporary structure usage, and productivity using 4D models AUTOMATION IN CONSTRUCTION Jongeling, R., Kim, J., Fischer, M., Mourgues, C., Olofsson, T. 2008; 17 (6): 780-791
  • Formalization of construction Sequencing rationale and classification mechanism to support rapid generation of Sequencing alternatives JOURNAL OF COMPUTING IN CIVIL ENGINEERING Koo, B., Fischer, M., Kunz, J. 2007; 21 (6): 423-433
  • A formal identification and re-sequencing process for developing sequencing alternatives in CPM schedules AUTOMATION IN CONSTRUCTION Koo, B., Fischer, M., Kunz, J. 2007; 17 (1): 75-89
  • Supporting the constructability review with 3D/4D models BUILDING RESEARCH AND INFORMATION Hartmann, T., Fischer, M. 2007; 35 (1): 70-80
  • Formalizing construction knowledge for concurrent performance-based design 13th International Workshop of the European-Group-for-Intelligent-Computing-in-Engineering Fischer, M. SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN. 2006: 186–205
  • Capitalizing on early project decision-making opportunities to improve facility design, construction, and life-cycle performance - POP, PM4D, and decision dashboard approaches 19th International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction Kam, C., Fischer, M. ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV. 2004: 53–65
  • Perspectors: composable, reusable reasoning modules to construct an engineering view from other engineering views ADVANCED ENGINEERING INFORMATICS Haymaker, J., Kunz, J., Suter, B., Fischer, M. 2004; 18 (1): 49-67
  • Knowledge and reasoning for MEP coordination JOURNAL OF CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT-ASCE Korman, T. M., Fischer, M. A., Tatum, C. B. 2003; 129 (6): 627-634
  • An ontology for relating features with activities to calculate costs JOURNAL OF COMPUTING IN CIVIL ENGINEERING Staub-French, S., Fischer, M., Kunz, J., Paulson, B. 2003; 17 (4): 243-254
  • The benefits of virtual building tools CIVIL ENGINEERING Fischer, M. 2003; 73 (8): 60-67
  • Distributed coordination of project schedule changes using agent-based compensatory negotiation methodology AI EDAM-ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE FOR ENGINEERING DESIGN ANALYSIS AND MANUFACTURING Kim, K. S., Paulson, B. C., Levitt, R. E., Fischer, M. A., Petrie, C. J. 2003; 17 (2): 115-131
  • A feature ontology to support construction cost estimating AI EDAM-ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE FOR ENGINEERING DESIGN ANALYSIS AND MANUFACTURING Staub-French, S., Fischer, M., Kunz, J., Ishii, K., Paulson, B. 2003; 17 (2): 133-154
  • A generic feature-driven activity-based cost estimation process ADVANCED ENGINEERING INFORMATICS Staub-French, S., Fischer, M., Kunz, J., Paulson, B. 2003; 17 (1): 23-39
  • Automated generation of work spaces required by construction activities JOURNAL OF CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT-ASCE Akinci, B., Fischer, M., Kunz, J. 2002; 128 (4): 306-315
  • Representing work spaces generically in construction method models JOURNAL OF CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT-ASCE Akinci, B., Fischer, M., Kunz, J., Levitt, R. 2002; 128 (4): 296-305
  • Closure to "Feasibility study of 4D CAD in commercial construction" by Bonsang Koo and Martin Fischer JOURNAL OF CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT-ASCE Koo, B., Fischer, M. 2002; 128 (3): 274-275
  • Importance of capacity constraints to construction cost and schedule JOURNAL OF CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT-ASCE O'Brien, W. J., Fischer, M. A. 2000; 126 (5): 366-373
  • Feasibility study of 4D CAD in commercial construction JOURNAL OF CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT-ASCE Koo, B., Fischer, M. 2000; 126 (4): 251-260
  • Into the fourth dimension CIVIL ENGINEERING Staub, S., Fischer, M., Spradlin, M. 1999; 69 (5): 44-47
  • Project-modelling in AEC to integrate design and construction COMPUTERS IN INDUSTRY Luiten, G. T., Tolman, F. P., Fischer, M. A. 1998; 35 (1): 13-29
  • IT support of single project, multi-project and industry-wide integration COMPUTERS IN INDUSTRY Fischer, M. A., Waugh, L. M., Axworthy, A. 1998; 35 (1): 31-45
  • Factors affecting contractors' risk of cost overburden JOURNAL OF MANAGEMENT IN ENGINEERING Akinci, B., Fischer, M. 1998; 14 (1): 67-76
  • Construction method models: the glue between design and construction International Computing Congress Held in Conjunction with ASCE Annual Convention and Exposition on Information Technologies in Civil Engineering - Leading the World Aalami, F., Fischer, M. A. AMER SOC CIVIL ENGINEERS. 1998: 376–378
  • Characteristics of design-relevant constructability knowledge JOURNAL OF CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT-ASCE Fischer, M., Tatum, C. B. 1997; 123 (3): 253-260
  • Collaborative production modeling and planning IEEE COMPUTER GRAPHICS AND APPLICATIONS Frohlich, B., Fischer, M., Agrawala, M., Beers, A., Hanrahan, P. 1997; 17 (4): 13-15
  • Scheduling with computer-interpretable construction method models JOURNAL OF CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT-ASCE Fischer, M. A., Aalami, F. 1996; 122 (4): 337-347
  • Rapid conceptual design evaluation using a virtual product model ENGINEERING APPLICATIONS OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE Clayton, M. J., Kunz, J. C., Fischer, M. A. 1996; 9 (4): 439-451
  • CE4: Concurrent engineering of product, process, facility, and organization CONCURRENT ENGINEERING-RESEARCH AND APPLICATIONS Kunz, J. C., Luiten, G. T., Fischer, M. A., Jin, Y., Levitt, R. E. 1996; 4 (2): 187-198
  • Requirements for industry applicability of knowledge-based Schedulers 3rd Congress on Computing in Civil Engineering (III-CCCE) Aalami, F., Fischer, M. A. AMER SOC CIVIL ENGINEERS. 1996: 774–780
  • Interactive 4D-CAD 3rd Congress on Computing in Civil Engineering (III-CCCE) McKinney, K., Kim, J., Fischer, M., Howard, C. AMER SOC CIVIL ENGINEERS. 1996: 383–389
  • THE CIRCLE - ARCHITECTURE FOR INTEGRATING SOFTWARE JOURNAL OF COMPUTING IN CIVIL ENGINEERING Fischer, M., Kunz, J. 1995; 9 (2): 122-133
  • Behavior follows form follows function: A theory of design evaluation 2nd Congress on Computing in Civil Engineering (II-CCCE) Clayton, M. J., Fischer, M., Kunz, J. C., Fruchter, R. AMER SOC CIVIL ENGINEERS. 1995: 310–317
  • MANAGERIAL ASPECTS OF INFORMATION-TECHNOLOGY STRATEGIES FOR A/E/C FIRMS JOURNAL OF MANAGEMENT IN ENGINEERING Breuer, J., Fischer, M. 1994; 10 (4): 52-59
  • STRATEGY FOR COMPUTER-INTEGRATED CONSTRUCTION TECHNOLOGY JOURNAL OF CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT-ASCE Teicholz, P., Fischer, M. 1994; 120 (1): 117-131