Academic Appointments


  • Professor, Philosophy

Administrative Appointments


  • Fellowship, Stanford University Mellon Fellowship (1978 - 1978)
  • Summer Research Fellowship, NEH (1981 - 1981)
  • Fellowship, ACLS (1984 - 1984)
  • Fellowship, Stanford University Humanities Center (1990 - 1991)
  • Fellow, Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences (1997 - 1998)
  • Guggenheim Fellowship, John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation (2000 - 2001)
  • Fellow, Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences (2003 - 2004)
  • Fellowship, Stanford University Humanities Center (2007 - 2008)
  • Mathematics teacher, Fitzsimmons Junior High School, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (1968 - 1969)
  • Teaching Fellow, Department of Philosophy, University of Calgary, Summer (1969 - 1969)
  • Visiting Instructor, Department of Foundations of Education (1969 - 1970)
  • Visiting Lecturer, Department of Philosophy, Haverford College, Haverford, Pennsylvania (1970 - 1970)
  • Assistant Professor, Department of Philosophy, Stanford University (1974 - 1980)
  • Assistant Professor (by courtesy), School of Education, Stanford University (1977 - 1980)
  • Associate Professor, Department of Philosophy, Stanford University (1980 - 1986)
  • Associate Professor (by courtesy), School of Education, Stanford University (1980 - 1986)
  • Professor, Department of Philosophy, Stanford University (1986 - Present)
  • Researcher, Center for the Study of Language and Information (1985 - Present)
  • Olmsted Visiting Professor, Yale University, Program on Ethics, Politics and Economics (1994 - 1994)
  • Howard H. and Jessie T. Watkins University Professor, Stanford University (1997 - 2000)
  • U. G. and Abbie Birch Durfee Professor, School of Humanities and Sciences, Stanford University (2000 - Present)

Honors & Awards


  • Dean's Award for Distinguished Teaching, Stanford University (1977)
  • Graves Award in the Humanities, Stanford University (1977)
  • IFAAMAS influential paper award, International Foundation of Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems (2008)
  • Included in The Philosopher’s Annual 26, The Philosopher’s Annual (2003)
  • Woodrow Wilson Graduate Fellowship, Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship Foundation
  • Danforth Graduate Fellowship, Danforth Foundation
  • NCAA Graduate Fellowship, National College Athletic Association
  • Rockefeller University Graduate Fellowship, Rockefeller University

Boards, Advisory Committees, Professional Organizations


  • Member, Phi Beta Kappa Society
  • Director, National Endowment for the Humanities Summer Seminar for College Teachers (1993 - 1993)
  • Member, American Academy of Arts and Sciences (2012 - Present)
  • Chair, National Board of the American Philosophical Association (2011 - 2014)
  • Vice-President, Pacific Division, American Philosophical Association (2008 - 2009)
  • President, Pacific Division, American Philosophical Association (2009 - 2010)
  • Member, National Board of the American Philosophical Association (2008 - 2011)
  • Chair, Nominating Committee, American Philosophical Association, Pacific Division (1995 - 1996)
  • Member, American Philosophical Association, Pacific Division Program Committee (1982 - 1984)
  • Member, various editorial boards and referee for various journals and book publishers
  • Director and Lecturer, Lilly Foundation Program for "Renewal" for Philosophy Faculty in Four Year Colleges, Stanford U. (1995 - 1995)
  • Project Leader, Interdisciplinary Working Group on Rational Agency at the Center for the Study of Language and Information (1985 - 1986)
  • Member, Outside Review Committees for Philosophy Departments at University of British Columbia (1988 - 1988)
  • Member, Outside Review Committees for Philosophy Departments at University of California, Riverside (1990 - 1990)
  • Member, Outside Review Committees for Philosophy Departments at University of Arizona (1992 - 1992)
  • Member, Outside Review Committees for Philosophy Departments at University of North Carolina (1996 - 1996)
  • Member, Outside Review Committees for Philosophy Departments at University of Maryland (1999 - 1999)
  • Member, Outside Review Committees for Philosophy Departments at Yale University (2007 - 2007)
  • Member, Review Panel for The Radcliffe Institute of Advanced Study Fellowship Program (2008 - 2008)
  • Member, Review Panel for NEH of proposals for Summer Seminars (1995 - 1995)
  • Faculty Affiliate, Kadish Center for Morality, Law, and Public Affairs; School of Law, University of California at Berkeley (2002 - Present)
  • Director, Graduate Studies, Philosophy Department, Stanford University (1995 - 1997)
  • Director, Graduate Studies, Philosophy Department, Stanford University (1998 - 2000)
  • Director, Graduate Studies, Philosophy Department, Stanford University (2004 - 2007)
  • Director, Graduate Studies, Philosophy Department, Stanford University (2008 - 2013)
  • Chair, Stanford University Faculty Senate (1996 - 1997)
  • Member, Stanford University Faculty Senate (1976 - 1978)
  • Member, Stanford University Faculty Senate (1982 - 1984)
  • Member, Stanford University Faculty Senate (1985 - 1989)
  • Member, Stanford University Faculty Senate (1995 - 1997)
  • Member, Steering Committee of Stanford Faculty Senate, Stanford University (1982 - 1983)
  • Member, Steering Committee of Stanford Faculty Senate, Stanford University (1983 - 1984)
  • Member, Steering Committee of Stanford Faculty Senate, Stanford University (1986 - 1987)
  • Member, Steering Committee of Stanford Faculty Senate, Stanford University (1996 - 1997)
  • Member, Faculty Senate Committee on Committees, Stanford University (1987 - 1988)
  • Member, Faculty Senate Committee on Committees, Stanford University (1989 - 1990)
  • Chair, Faculty Senate Task Force on Undergraduate Education, Stanford University (1991 - 1992)
  • Associate Dean, Humanities and Sciences, Stanford University (1988 - 1989)
  • Member, Stanford University Faculty Advisory Board (1992 - 1995)
  • Chair, Philosophy Department, Stanford University (1986 - 1988)
  • Chair, Philosophy Department, Stanford University (1991 - 1994)
  • Member, Presidential Task Force on Faculty Appeals and Grievance Procedures, Stanford University (1998 - 1999)
  • Chair, Interdisciplinary Program Committee on Ethics in Society, Stanford University (1985 - 1988)
  • Director, Undergraduate Studies, Philosophy Department, Stanford University (1978 - 1983)
  • Director, Undergraduate Studies, Philosophy Department, Stanford University (2002 - 2003)
  • Member, Stanford University Committee on Academic Appraisal and Achievement (1979 - 1982)
  • Member, University Fellows, Stanford University (1981 - 1983)
  • Member, Committee to Award Pew Fellowships for Faculty Research in the Humanities, Stanford University (1982 - 1984)
  • Member, School of Humanities and Sciences Curriculum Committee, Stanford University (1983 - 1984)
  • Member, School of Humanities and Sciences Curriculum Committee, Stanford University (1985 - 1986)
  • Member, School of Humanities and Sciences Policy Committee, Stanford University (1985 - 1987)

Program Affiliations


  • Symbolic Systems Program

Professional Education


  • Ph.D., Rockefeller University, Philosophy (1974)
  • B.A., Haverford College, Philosophy (1967)

2020-21 Courses


Stanford Advisees


  • Doctoral Dissertation Reader (AC)
    David Gottlieb, JJ Lang, Steven Woodworth
  • Doctoral Dissertation Advisor (AC)
    Daniel Friedman, William Parmer, Elise Sugarman
  • Doctoral (Program)
    Taylor Madigan, John Wilcox

All Publications


  • Temptation and the Agent's Standpoint INQUIRY-AN INTERDISCIPLINARY JOURNAL OF PHILOSOPHY Bratman, M. E. 2014; 57 (3): 293-310
  • Shared Agency: A Planning Theory of Acting Together Bratman, M. E. Oxford University Press. 2014
  • Rational and Social Agency: Reflections and Replies Rational and Social Agency: The Philosophy of Michael Bratman Bratman, M. E. edited by Vargas, M., Yaffe, G. Oxford University Press. 2014: 294–343
  • Acting Over Time, Acting Together Institutions Emotions, and Group Agents Bratman, M. E. edited by Ziv, A. K., Scmind, H. B. Dordrecht: Springer. 2014: 247–261
  • The Interplay of Intention and Reason ETHICS Bratman, M. E. 2013; 123 (4): 657-672

    View details for DOI 10.1086/670245

    View details for Web of Science ID 000321567000004

  • Yaffe on Criminal Attempts Legal Theory Bratman, M. E. 2013; 19: 101-113
  • The Fecundity of Planning Agency Oxford Studies in Agency and Responsibility Volume 1 Bratman, M. E. edited by Shoemaker, D. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2013: 47–69
  • Introduction to Philosophy: Classical and Contemporary Readings edited by Bratman, M. E., Perry, J. New York: Oxford University Press. 2013
  • TIME, RATIONALITY, AND SELF-GOVERNANCE PHILOSOPHICAL ISSUES Bratman, M. E. 2012; 22 (1): 73-88
  • Constructivism, Agency, and the Problem of Alignment Constructivism in Practical Philosophy Bratman, M. E. edited by Lenman, J., Shemmer, Y. Oxford University Press. 2012: 81–98
  • Reflections on Law, Normativity, and Plans New Essays on the Normativity of Law Bratman, M. E. edited by Bertea, S., Pavlakos, G. Hart Publishing. 2011: 73–85
  • Actividad de Cooperación compartido Derecho y Convencionalidad Bratman, M. E. edited by Fabra, J. Editorial Universidad Libre. 2010
  • Introduction to Philosophy: Classical and Contemporary Readings edited by Bratman, M. E., Perry, J. New York: Oxford University Press. 2010
  • Agency, Time, and Sociality Pacific Division Presidential Address Bratman, M. E. 2010: 7–26
  • Setiya on Intention, Rationality and Reasons (Book Review) ANALYSIS Book Review Authored by: Bratman, M. E. 2009; 69 (3): 510-521
  • Modest sociality and the distinctiveness of intention Meeting of the Pacific Division of the American-Philosophical-Association Bratman, M. E. SPRINGER. 2009: 149–65
  • Intention, Practical Rationality, and Self-Governance ETHICS Bratman, M. E. 2009; 119 (3): 411-443
  • Intention rationality PHILOSOPHICAL EXPLORATIONS Bratman, M. E. 2009; 12 (3): 227-241
  • Intention, Belief, Practical, Theoretical Spheres of Reason: New Essays on the Philosophy of Normativity Bratman, M. E. edited by Robertson, S. Oxford University Press. 2009: 29–61
  • Intention, Belief and Instrumental Rationality Reasons for Action Bratman, M. E. edited by Sobel, D., Wall, S. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2009: 13–26
  • I Intend that We J Collective Intentionality Schweikard, D., Bratman, M. E. edited by Bernhard, H. Suhrkamp. 2009: 333–355
  • Reflections on the Philosophy of Action Philosophy of Action: 5 Questions Bratman, M. E. edited by Aguilar, J., Buckareff, A. Automatic Press/VIP. 2009: 17–23
  • Identification, Decision, and Treating as a Reason Psychologie Morale: Autonomie, responsabilite et rationalite pratique Bratman, M. E. edited by Jouan, M. Paris: Librairie Philosophique J. Vrin. 2008
  • Normative Thinking and Planning, Individual and Shared: Reflections on Allan Gibbard’s Tanner Lectures Reconciling Our Aims: In Search of Bases for Ethics Bratman, M. E. edited by Stroud, B. New York: Oxford University Press. 2008: 91–101
  • Temptation Revisited Reasons and Intentions Bratman, M. E. edited by Verbeek, B. Aldershot, etc.: Ashgate. 2008: 113–131
  • Introduction to Philosophy: Classical and Contemporary Readings edited by Perry , J., Bratman, M., Fischer, J. New York: Oxford University Press. 2007
  • Anchors for Deliberation Intentionality, Deliberation and Autonomy Bratman, M. E. edited by Lumer, C., Nannini, S. Aldershot, etc.: Ashgate. 2007: 187–205
  • Temptation Revisited Structures of Agency: Essays Bratman, M. E. edited by Bratman, M. E. 2007: 257–282
  • Geteilte Absichten Deutsche Zeitschrift fur Philosophie Bratman, M. E. 2007; 55 (3): 409-424
  • Structures of Agency: Essays Bratman, M. E. Oxford University Press. 2007
  • Thinking how to live (Book Review) PHILOSOPHY AND PHENOMENOLOGICAL RESEARCH Book Review Authored by: Bratman, M. E. 2006; 72 (3): 707-713
  • Dynamics of sociality MIDWEST STUDIES IN PHILOSOPHY VOLUME XXX: SHARED INTENTIONS AND COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY Bratman, M. E. 2006; 30: 1-15
  • What is the Accordion Effect? The Journal of Ethics Bratman, M. E. 2006; 10 (1-2): 5-19
  • A Thoughtful and Reasonable Stability, Comments on Harry Frankfurt’s 2004 Tanner Lectures Taking Ourselves Seriously and Getting it Right Frankfurt, H. G., Bratman, M. E. edited by Satz, D. Stanford University Press. 2006: 77–90
  • Personal Rules and Rational Willpower San Diego Law Review Bratman, M. E. 2005; 42 (1): 61-68
  • Planning Agency, Autonomous Agency Free Will: Critical Concepts in Philosophy Bratman, M. E. edited by Fischer, J. New York: Routledge. 2005: 68–89
  • Planning Agency, Autonomous Agency Personal Autonomy: New Essays on Personal Autonomy and Its Role in Contemporary Moral Philosophy Bratman, M. E. edited by Taylor, J. S. Cambridge University Press. 2005: 33–57
  • Three Theories of Self-Governance Philosophical Topics Bratman, M. E. 2004; 32 (1 & 2): 21-46
  • Shared Agency Philosophy of the Social Sciences: Philosophical Theory and Scientific Practice Bratman, M. E. edited by Mantzavinos, C. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2004: 41–59
  • Three Forms of Agential Commitment: Reply to Cullity and Gerrans Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society Bratman, M. E. 2004: 329–37
  • Shared Valuing and Frameworks for Practical Reasoning Reason and Value: Themes from the Moral Philosophy of Joseph Raz Bratman, M. E. edited by Wallace, R. J., Pettit, P., Scheffler, S., Smith, M. Oxford University Press. 2004: 1–27
  • Autonomy and hierarchy SOCIAL PHILOSOPHY & POLICY Bratman, M. E. 2003; 20 (2): 156-176
  • A desire of one's own JOURNAL OF PHILOSOPHY Bratman, M. E. 2003; 100 (5): 242-242
  • Autonomy and Hierarchy Autonomy Bratman, M. E. edited by Paul, E., Miller, F., Paul, J. Cambridge University Press. 2003: 156–176
  • Shapiro on Legal Positivism and Jointly Intentional Activity Legal Theory Bratman, M. E. 2002; 8: 511-517
  • Hierarchy, Circularity, and Double Reduction Contours of Agency: Essays on Themes from Harry Frankfurt Bratman, M. E. edited by Buss, S., Overton, L. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. 2002: 65–85
  • Nozick on Free Will Robert Nozick Bratman, M. E. edited by Schmidtz, D. New York: Cambridge University Press. 2002: 155–174
  • Taking Plans Seriously Varieties of Practical Reasoning Bratman, M. E. edited by Millram, E. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. 2001
  • Two Problems About Human Agency Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society Bratman, M. E. edited by Price, A. W. 2001: 309–26
  • Identification, Decision, and Treating as a Reason Agency and Responsibility: Essays on the Metaphysics of Freedom Bratman, M. E. edited by Ekstrom, L. W. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press. 2001
  • Valuing and the will (Free will, desire, wants) NOUS Bratman, M. E. 2000: 249-265
  • Ruling passions: A theory of practical reasoning (Book Review) PHILOSOPHICAL REVIEW Book Review Authored by: Bratman, M. E. 2000; 109 (4): 586-589
  • Fischer and Ravizza on moral responsibility and history (Discussion of 'Responsibility and Control, a Theory of Moral Responsibility') PHILOSOPHY AND PHENOMENOLOGICAL RESEARCH Bratman, M. E. 2000; 61 (2): 453-458
  • Reflection, planning, and temporally extended agency PHILOSOPHICAL REVIEW Bratman, M. E. 2000; 109 (1): 35-61
  • Faces of Intention: Selected Essays on Intention and Agency Bratman, M. E. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1999
  • Taking Plans Seriously Reason, Emotion, and Will Bratman, M. E. edited by Wallace, R. J. Ashgate. 1999
  • Intention, Plans, and Practical Reason Bratman, M. E. CSLI Publications. 1999
  • Morality, normativity, and society (Book Review) PHILOSOPHY AND PHENOMENOLOGICAL RESEARCH Book Review Authored by: Bratman, M. E. 1998; 58 (4): 986-989
  • The sources of normativity (Book Review) PHILOSOPHY AND PHENOMENOLOGICAL RESEARCH Book Review Authored by: Bratman, M. E. 1998; 58 (3): 699-709
  • Following Through with One's Plans: Reply to David Gauthier Modeling Rationality, Morality, and Evolution Bratman, M. E. edited by Gauthier, D. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 1998: 55–66
  • Introduction to Philosophy: Classical and Contemporary Readings edited by Bratman, M. E., Perry, J. New York: Oxford University Press. 1998
  • Toxin, Temptation, and the Stability of Intention Rational Commitment and Social Justice: Essays for Gregory Kavka Bratman, M. E. edited by Coleman, J. L., Morris, C. W. Cambridge University Press. 1998: 59–83
  • Two Faces of Intention Philosophy of Action Bratman, M. E. edited by Mele, A. Oxford University Press. 1997
  • I Intend that We J Contemporary Action Theory Bratman, M. E. edited by Tuomela, R., Holmstrom-Hintikka, G. Dordrecht: Kluwer - Synthese Library Series. 1997: 49–63
  • Intention partagee et obligation mutuelle Les limites de la rationalite: I. Rationalite, ethique et cognition Bratman, M. E. edited by Dupuy, J., Livet, P. Paris: Decouverte. 1997: 246–266
  • Pur une theorie modeste de l'action planifiee: response a Gauthier et Dupuy Les limites de la rationalite: I. Rationalite, ethique et cognition Bratman, M. E. edited by Dupuy, J., Livet, P. Paris: Decouverte. 1997: 75–87
  • Responsibility and Planning The Journal of Ethics Bratman, M. E. 1997; 1: 27-43
  • Identification, Decision, and Treating as a Reason Philosophical Topics Bratman, M. E. 1996; 24: 1-18
  • ACTION, INTENTION, AND REASON - AUDI,R (Book Review) ETHICS Book Review Authored by: Bratman, M. E. 1995; 105 (4): 927-930
  • Intention The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy Bratman, M. E. edited by Audi, R. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1995: 380–381
  • Intention A Companion to Metaphysics Bratman, M. E. edited by Kin, J., Sosa, E. Oxford: Basil Blackwell. 1995: 243–244
  • MOORE ON INTENTION AND VOLITION UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA LAW REVIEW Bratman, M. E. 1994; 142 (5): 1705-1718
  • Intention, Plans, and Practical Reason Bratman, M. E. Tokyo: Sangyo Tosho. 1994
  • Planning and Temptation and Morals: Essays on Ethics and Cognitive Science Bratman, M. E. edited by May, L., Friedman, M., Clark, A. Cambridge: Bradford/MIT. 1994: 293–310
  • Intention A Companion to Philosophy of Mind Bratman, M. E. edited by Guttenplan, S. 1994: 375–379
  • KAGAN ON THE APPEAL TO COST ETHICS Bratman, M. E. 1994; 104 (2): 325-332
  • SHARED INTENTION Conference on the Philosophy of Alan Donagan Bratman, M. E. UNIV CHICAGO PRESS. 1993: 97–113
  • Shared Intention and Mutual Obligation Cahiers d'epistemologe, Publication du Groupe de Recherche en Epistemologie Comparee Bratman, M. E. Universite du Quebec a Montreal. 1993
  • SHARED COOPERATIVE ACTIVITY PHILOSOPHICAL REVIEW Bratman, M. E. 1992; 101 (2): 327-340
  • PRACTICAL REASONING AND ACCEPTANCE IN A CONTEXT MIND Bratman, M. E. 1992; 101 (401): 1-15
  • Explaining Human Action Minds and Machines Bratman, M. E. 1992; 2: 203-207
  • Planning and the Stability of Intention Minds and Machines Bratman, M. E. 1992; 2: 1-16
  • Gemeinschafts- Kooperationstätigkeit Kollektive Intentionalität Bratman, M. E. edited by Schmid, H. B., Schweikard, D. Suhrkamp. 1992: 176–193
  • Introduction to Philosophy: Classical and Contemporary Readings edited by Bratman, M. E., Perry, J. New York: Oxford University Press. 1992
  • Plans and Resource-Bounded Practical Reasoning Philosophy and AI: Essays at the Interface Israel, D., Pollack , M., Bratman, M. E. edited by Cummins, R., Pollock, J. Cambridge: MIT Press. 1991
  • Cognitivism about Practical Reason Ethics Bratman, M. E. 1991; 102: 117-128
  • DRETSKE DESIRES PHILOSOPHY AND PHENOMENOLOGICAL RESEARCH Bratman, M. E. 1990; 50 (4): 795-800
  • What Is Intention? Intentions in Communication Bratman, M. E. edited by Cohen, P. R., Morgan, J., Pollack, M. E. Cambridge: MIT Press. 1990: 15–31
  • Intention, Plans, and Practical Reason Bratman, M. E. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. 1990
  • Intention and Personal Policies Philosophical Perspectives Bratman, M. E. 1989; III: 443-469
  • Plans and Resource-Bounded Practical Reasoning Computational Intelligence Israel , D., Pollack , M., Bratman, M. E. 1988; 7: 349-355
  • Intention and Personal Policies CSLI Research Report Bratman, M. E. 1988
  • Toward an Architecture for Resource-Bounded Agents CSLI Research Report Israel, D., Pollack , M., Bratman, M. E. 1987
  • Intention, Plans, and Practical Reason Bratman, M. E. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. 1987
  • Toward an Architecture for Resource-Bounded Agents SRI International Technical Note 425 Israel, D., Pollack , M., Bratman, M. E. 1987
  • What Is Intention? Intentions in Communication Bratman, M. E. edited by Cohen , P. R., Morgan, J., Pollack , M. E. 1987
  • Personal Policies Working Paper Bratman, M. E. 1986
  • Davidson's Theory of Intention Companion to Action and Events Bratman, M. E. edited by LePore, E., McLaughlin, B. Oxford: Basil Blackwel. 1986: 14–28
  • Introduction to Philosophy: Classical and Contemporary Readings edited by Perry , J., Bratman, M. New York: Oxford University Press. 1986
  • Intention and Evaluation Midwest Studies in Philosophy Bratman, M. E. 1985; 10: 183-187
  • Davidson's Theory of Intention Essays on Davidson: Actions and Events Bratman, M. E. edited by Vermazen, B., Hintikka, M. Oxford University Press. 1985: 13–26
  • Two Faces of Intention The Philosophical Review Bratman, M. E. 1984: 375-405
  • Castaneda's Theory of Thought and Action Agent, Language and the Structure of the World: Essays Presented to Hector-Neri Castaneda with His Replies Bratman, M. E. edited by Toberlin, J. Indianapolis: Hackett. 1983: 149–169
  • Taking Plans Seriously Social Theory and Practice Bratman, M. E. 1983; 9: 271-287
  • ACTS AND OTHER EVENTS - THOMSON,JJ (Book Review) NOUS Book Review Authored by: BRATMAN, M. 1982; 16 (3): 467-473
  • INTENTION AND MEANS-END REASONING PHILOSOPHICAL REVIEW BRATMAN, M. 1981; 90 (2): 252-265
  • PERCEPTION, EMOTION AND ACTION - A COMPONENT APPROACH - THALBERG,I NOUS BRATMAN, M. 1981; 15 (1): 84-89
  • PRACTICAL REASONING AND WEAKNESS OF THE WILL NOUS BRATMAN, M. 1979; 13 (2): 153-171
  • SIMPLE INTENTION PHILOSOPHICAL STUDIES BRATMAN, M. 1979; 36 (3): 245-259
  • INDIVIDUATION AND ACTION PHILOSOPHICAL STUDIES BRATMAN, M. 1978; 33 (4): 367-375
  • Review of Action Theory: Proceedings of the Winnipeg Conference on Human Action The Philosophical Review Bratman, M. E. 1978; 87: 463-467