School of Medicine
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Clinical Associate Professor, Surgery - Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsCosmetic surgery and the study of changes associated with the aging appearance of the face.
1. Analysis and development of new procedures for aesthetic surgery of the face
2. Analysis of the changes the face undergoes with age in the bone and soft tissues
3. Analysis of techniques for rhinoplasty
4. Evaluation of optimal techniques for aesthetic and reconstructive breast surgery
Professor of Medicine (General Medical Disciplines) at the Palo Alto Veterans Administration Health Care System
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsMy initial research activities involved antiretroviral and novel therapeutic treatments of HIV infection, understanding elements of HIV pathogenesis associated with acute HIV infection and post exposure prevention. My most recent scholarly activities concentrate on working as a team to capitalize on the data stored in electronic medical records, HIV disease modeling and using electronic medical records for outcome research and developing a mentorship program for early career scientists.
Clinical Instructor, Pediatrics - General Pediatrics
BioPooja Kakar, MD is a Clinical Instructor of Pediatrics at Stanford University's Division of General Pediatrics and a certified lactation counselor, with her primary practice at Gardner Packard Children's Health Center. Her interests are in maternal-child health, breastfeeding medicine, and social determinants of health.
Dr. Kakar earned her BA with Honors in Cell Biology and Neuroscience at Rutgers University, followed by an MD with Distinction in Service to the Community at Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School. She completed her Pediatric Residency at St. Christopher’s Hospital in Philadelphia. Dr. Kakar has language proficiency in Spanish and Hindi.
Clinical Instructor, Surgery - Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery
BioDr. Nathan Kalinowski is a Hospital Dentist and Clinical Instructor in Dental Medicine and Surgery. He performs medically necessary dental clearance and extractions for patients preparing for cardiac surgery, radiation therapy, or organ transplantation. He also performs surgical treatment of infection and trauma to the teeth and supporting alveolar bone.
Clinical Assistant Professor, Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine
BioDr. Praveen Kalra is Board Certified in Anesthesia and in Critical Care. Dr Kalra loves all aspects of his specialty. He specializes in trauma, orthopedic, brain and spine surgery, urology, general surgery, plastics, gynecologic, head and neck surgery, and cancer surgery. His professional interests include devising protocols for patient safety, informed consent, reducing the impact of anesthetics on the environment, addressing climate change by reducing green house gas emissions in health care setting, resident education to emphasize evidence based safe care, superior documentation, and mentoring medical students. He has been in practice for over 17 years.
Dr. Kalra completed his residency in Anesthesia from Harvard Medical School’s Beth Israel Deaconess Hospital and a fellowship in Critical Care from Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore.
Dr. Kalra was born and raised in India where he received his medical education (1988-94). Before joining medical school he finished his Diploma in Pharmacy from College of Pharmacy, Delhi in 1987. He has also completed residency in Anesthesia in 1998 from King George’s Medical College, Lucknow. Outside of work, Dr Kalra enjoys traveling with his family.
Associate Professor of Neurosurgery
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsThe lab’s primary research interest is to understand how specific neuronal circuits are established. We use mouse genetics, combinatorial immunochemical labeling and high-resolution laser scanning microscopy to identify, manipulate, and quantitatively analyze synaptic contacts within the complex neuronal milieu of the spinal cord and the enteric nervous system.
Afrin N. Kamal MD
Clinical Assistant Professor, Medicine - Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Masters Student in Epidemiology and Clinical Research, admitted Autumn 2019
BioAfrin Kamal is a board-certified gastroenterologist, who trained at Washington University in internal medicine, Cleveland Clinic in gastroenterology/hepatology, and most recently Stanford University in esophageal and motility diseases. Afrin shares a clinical passion in esophageal motility diseases with an an overlapping interest in health services and outcomes research.
Robin Kamal MD MBA
Assistant Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery at the Stanford University Medical Center
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsWrist and Elbow Injuries and Quality Measures in Orthopaedic Surgery
Aya Kamaya, MD
Associate Professor of Radiology (Body Imaging) at the Stanford University Medical Center
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsHepatobiliary imaging
Novel ultrasound technologies
Perfusion CT imaging of abdominal tumors
Professor of Pathology at the Stanford University Medical Center
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsDr. Kambham's research interests primarily involve medical diseases and transplantation pathology of the kidney and liver.
Clinical Professor, Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsPediatric Cardiac Anesthesia
Adult Congenital Heart Disease
Associate Professor of Chemistry and Senior Fellow at the Precourt Institute for Energy
BioAssociate Professor of Chemistry Matthew Kanan develops new catalysts and chemical reactions for applications in renewable energy conversion and CO2 utilization. His group at Stanford University has recently developed a novel method to create plastic from carbon dioxide and inedible plant material rather than petroleum products, and pioneered the study of “defect-rich” heterogeneous electro-catalysts for converting carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide to liquid fuel.
Matthew Kanan completed undergraduate study in chemistry at Rice University (B.A. 2000 Summa Cum Laude, Phi Beta Kappa). During doctoral research in organic chemistry at Harvard University (Ph.D. 2005), he developed a novel method for using DNA to discover new chemical reactions. He then moved into inorganic chemistry for his postdoctoral studies as a National Institutes of Health Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he discovered a water oxidation catalyst that operates in neutral water. He joined the Stanford Chemistry Department faculty in 2009 to continue research into energy-related catalysis and reactions. His research and teaching have already been recognized in selection as one of Chemistry & Engineering News’ first annual Talented 12, the Camille Dreyfus Teacher-Scholar Award, Eli Lilly New Faculty Award, and recognition as a Camille and Henry Dreyfus Environmental Mentor, among other honors.
The Kanan Lab addresses fundamental challenges in catalysis and synthesis with an emphasis on enabling new technologies for scalable CO2 utilization. The interdisciplinary effort spans organic synthesis, materials chemistry and electrochemistry.
One of the greatest challenges of the 21st century is to transition to an energy economy with ultra-low greenhouse gas emissions without compromising quality of life for a growing population. The Kanan Lab aims to help enable this transition by developing catalysts and chemical reactions that recycle CO2 into fuels and commodity chemicals using renewable energy sources. To be implemented on a substantial scale, these methods must ultimately be competitive with fossil fuels and petrochemicals. With this requirement in mind, the group focuses on the fundamental chemical challenge of making carbon–carbon (C–C) bonds because multi-carbon compounds have higher energy density, greater value, and more diverse applications that one-carbon compounds. Both electrochemical and chemical methods are being pursued. For electrochemical conversion, the group studies how defects known as grain boundaries can be exploited to improve CO2/CO electro-reduction catalysis. Recent work has unveiled quantitative correlations between grain boundaries and catalytic activity, establishing a new design principle for electrocatalysis, and developed grain boundary-rich copper catalysts with unparalleled activity for converting carbon monoxide to liquid fuel. For chemical CO2 conversion, the group is developing C–H carboxylation and CO2 hydrogenation reactions that are promoted by simple carbonate salts. These reactions provide a way to make C–C bonds between un-activated substrates and CO2 without resorting to energy-intensive and hazardous reagents. Among numerous applications, carbonate-promoted carboxylation enables the synthesis of a monomer used to make polyester plastic from CO2 and a feedstock derived from agricultural waste.
In addition to CO2 chemistry, the Kanan group is pursuing new strategies to control selectivity in molecular catalysis for fine chemical synthesis. Of particular interest in the use of electrostatic interactions to discriminate between competing reaction pathways based on their charge distributions. This effort uses ion pairing or interfaces to control the local electrostatic environment in which a reaction takes place. The group has recently shown that local electric fields can control regioselectivity in isomerization reactions catalyzed by gold complexes.
Chia Sui Kao
Assistant Professor of Pathology at the Stanford University Medical Center
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsGenitourinary tumors with a special interest in Testicular tumors
Clinical Assistant Professor, Orthopaedic Surgery
Clinical Assistant Professor, Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine
Current Research and Scholarly Interests1. Patient-reported outcomes. Efficient, multi-feature item-response theory (IRT) based computerized adaptive testing (CAT) algorithm using item banks from PROMIS and NIH Toolbox
2. Activity monitoring. Novel analytic framework for physical activity monitoring in the context of pain.
3. Operations research. Multi-variable discrete and continuous optimization for Lean Hospital Management
4. National trends in pain medication prescription
Associate Professor of Medicine (Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine)
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsOur research program has several active projects:
1.) Pulmonary Vascular Disease Simvastatin reversed experimental pulmonary hypertension, and is safe for treatment of patients. Blinded clinical trials of efficacy are in progress.
2.) Lung inflammation and regeneration (stem cells)
3.) Lung surfactant rheology and oxidative stress
4.) Gene regulation by RNA binding proteins, NF45 and NF90 through transcriptional and posttranscriptional mechanisms
Michael S. Kapiloff, MD, PhD
Associate Professor (Research) of Ophthalmology and, by courtesy, of Medicine (Cardiovascular Medicine)
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsDr. Michael S. Kapiloff is a faculty member in the Departments of Ophthalmology and Medicine (Cardiovascular Medicine) and a member of the Stanford Cardiovascular Institute. Although Dr. Kapiloff was at one time a Board-Certified General Pediatrician, he is currently involved in full-time basic science and translational research. His laboratory studies the basic molecular mechanisms underlying the response of the retinal ganglion cell and cardiac myocyte to disease. The longstanding interest of his laboratory is the role in intracellular signal transduction of multimolecular complexes organized by scaffold proteins. Recently, his lab has also been involved in the translation of these concepts into new therapies, including the development of new AAV gene therapy biologics for the prevention and treatment of heart failure and for neuroprotection in the eye.
URL to NCBI listing of all published works:
For more information see Dr. Kapiloff's lab website: http://med.stanford.edu/kapilofflab.html
Clinical Instructor, Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsDr. Kaplan's research interests span four (often overlapping) domains: (1) pathophysiologic aspects of insomnia and hypersomnia in mood disorders, including mechanisms, correlates, and sequelae of these sleep disturbances; (2) behavioral interventions for sleep disturbances in adults and adolescents; (3) circadian and psychosocial factors impacting sleep in adolescence; and (4) machine learning approaches to big data.
Michael J. Kaplan
Professor of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery at the Stanford University Medical Center, Emeritus
Current Research and Scholarly Interests1) New therapeutic approaches for head and neck cancer, including immune stimulation possibilities (IRX-2 protocol), integration of biological modifiers, and, eventually, genetic approaches.
2) Head and neck cancer stem cells: identification, characterization, control--in conjunction with the Irv Weissman and Michael Clarke labs in the Stem Cell Institute
3) Development of innovative surgical methods at the anterior cranial base
Adjunct Professor, Medicine - Primary Care and Population Health
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsHealth services research
Studies on the cost and quality of health care
Health outcome measurement
Social determinants of health
Professor of Radiation Oncology, Emeritus
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsGynecologic malignancies; Rectal/and cancer; Breast Cancer; Hodgkin's disease; Hyperthermia; intraoperative radiation therapy; High dose rate radiation therapy; Predictive assays; Patterns of tumor spread; Health care finance.
Clinical Associate Professor, Medicine - Infectious Diseases
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsCompleted a Masters degree in Health Services Research in 2012. Research focused on using network models to develop a clinical research agenda for neglected tropical diseases.
Clinical Professor, Pediatrics - Adolescent Medicine
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsAccess to health care services for adolescents.
Mental Health Financing.
Assistant Professor (Research) of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsThe Karakikes Lab aims to uncover fundamental new insights into the molecular mechanisms and functional consequences of pathogenic mutations associated with familial cardiovascular diseases.
Clinical Associate Professor, Obstetrics & Gynecology - Gynecologic Oncology
BioDr. Amer Karam attended medical school at the American University in Beirut. He completed his internship and residency at the Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland, a fellowship in gynecologic oncology at the University of California Los Angeles and a fellowship in breast surgery at the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center. Dr. Karam has a vested interest in minimally invasive and robotic surgery with a practice centered on this approach for the treatment of patients with gynecologic malignancy and complicated pelvic surgery. He is currently an associate clinical professor at the Stanford Hospital and Clinics and Director of Robotic Surgery and Outreach in the Division of Gynecologic Oncology
Mardi Karin, MD, FACS
Clinical Associate Professor, Surgery - General Surgery
BioDr. Mardi R. Karin is a board certified surgeon with over 20 years of experience and the clinical director of breast cancer care at Stanford Cancer Center South Bay. Dr. Karin specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of breast diseases and cancer. Her focus and leadership in breast cancer care includes improving coordinated care for breast cancer treatment, developing optimal survivorship plans, and extensive experience in building strong relationships with community physicians. Dr. Karin has extensive experience in a wide variety of general surgery procedures and all types of breast surgery, including breast conservation treatment. In addition, Dr. Karin is well experienced in complex breast cancer skin and nipple sparing procedures in coordination with the plastic surgeon for immediate breast reconstruction and optimal appearance with excellent outcomes.
Karthikeshwar Kasirajan (Kasi)
Clinical Professor, Surgery - Vascular Surgery
BioDr. Kasirajan is a board-certified, fellowship-trained vascular surgeon. Also known as Dr. Kasi, he is a clinical professor of vascular surgery at Stanford University School of Medicine.
Dr. Kasirajan preserves limbs, facilitates access to dialysis, and helps his patients manage conditions such as aneurysms, varicose veins, thoracic outlet syndrome, and deep vein thrombosis. Many of his limb preservation patients smoke, have diabetes, or are experiencing renal failure. Dr. Kasirajan’s experience also centers around the treatment of aneurysms and prevention of strokes.
In all cases, his goal is to provide either noninvasive or minimally invasive management whenever possible. He performs open surgery only when it is the best option. Dr. Kasirajan treats many patients with stents and stent grafts, which can shorten hospital stays and recovery times.
Dr. Kasirajan (Kasi) receives referrals of patients from primary care physicians, nephrologists, podiatrists, cardiologists, woundcare specialists, diabetologists, neurologists, and other specialists. He welcomes referrals as early as possible, ideally before patients become symptomatic. A strong proponent of doing early screening for peripheral artery disease, Dr. Kasirajan advocates for the use of the ankle-brachial index (ABI) in routine physical examinations. When providers detect an imbalance between leg and arm blood pressure, Dr. Kasirajan can help create customized strategies to address the cause before the problem worsens.
In addition to offering excellent vascular care to the community, Dr. Kasirajan joined Stanford to continue pursuing his research interests. He has conducted research into advances in minimally invasive procedures for stroke prevention and for aneurysm management. His research has also focused on how to improve surgery outcomes to help patients suffering from peripheral vascular disease. Dr. Kasirajan has been the investigator in over 40 multicenter studies involving new stent graphs, thrombectomy catheters, and other advances in endovascular technology.
Dr. Kasirajan has made more than 100 presentations worldwide on minimally invasive vascular surgery techniques and preventive care in the vascular patient. He has spoken at multiple conferences including the Society for Vascular Surgery, Peripheral Vascular Society, and the South Asian American Vascular Society. He has earned numerous honors for his academic achievements, including the prestigious Alpha Omega Alpha award for medical student and resident education.
As the author of more than 120 journal articles, Dr. Kasirajan’s work has appeared in the Journal of Vascular Surgery, Endovascular Today, Pharmacogenomics Journal, Catheter Cardiovascular Intervention, and many other publications. He also has authored 20 book chapters in textbooks including Medical Management of the Surgical Patient 5th Edition, Advances in Phlebology and Venus Surgery Volume 1, Current Therapy in Vascular Surgery, Mastery of Surgery, and many more.
Dr. Kasirajan has served on the editorial boards of the Journal of Endovascular Therapy, Annals of Vascular Surgery, International Journal of Angiology, and other publications.