Bio


Unsustainable energy and material consumption, waste production, and emissions are some of today’s most pressing global concerns. To address these concerns, civil engineers are now designing facilities that, for example, passively generate power, reuse waste, and are carbon neutral. These designs are based foremost on longstanding engineering theory. Yet woven within this basic knowledge must be new science and new technologies, which advance the field of civil engineering to the forefront of sustainability-focused design.

My research develops fundamental engineering design concepts, models, and tools that are tightly integrated with quantitative sustainability assessment and service life modeling across length scales, from material scales to system scales, and throughout the early design, project engineering, construction, and operation life cycle phases of constructed facilities. My research follows the Sustainable Integrated Materials, Structures, Systems (SIMSS) framework. SIMSS is a tool to guide the multi-scale design of sustainable built environments, including multi-physics modeling informed by infrastructure sensing data and computational learning and feedback algorithms to support advanced digital-twinning of engineered systems. Thus, my research applies SIMMS through two complementary research thrusts; (1) developing high-fidelity quantitative sustainability assessment methods that enable civil engineers to quickly and probabilistically measure sustainability indicators, and (2) creating multi-scale, fundamental engineering tools that integrate with sustainability assessment and facilitate setting and meeting sustainability targets throughout the life cycle of constructed facilities.

Most recently, my research forms the foundation of the newly created Stanford Center at the Incheon Global Campus (SCIGC) in South Korea, a university-wide research center examining the potential for smart city technologies to enhance the sustainability of urban areas. Located in the smart city of Songdo, Incheon, South Korea, SCIGC is a unique global platform to (i) advance research on the multi-scale design, construction, and operation of sustainable built environments, (ii) demonstrate to cities worldwide the scalable opportunities for new urban technologies (e.g., dense urban sensing networks, dynamic traffic management, autonomous vehicles), and (iii) improve the sustainability and innovative capacity of increasingly smarter cities globally.

With an engineering background in civil and environmental engineering and material science (BSE, MSE, PhD), and business training in strategy and finance (MBA), I continue to explore to the intersection of entrepreneurship education, innovation capital training, and the potential of startups to more rapidly transfer and scale technologies to solve some of the world's most challenging problems.

Academic Appointments


Administrative Appointments


  • Director, Stanford Center for Sustainable Development and Global Competitiveness (2019 - Present)
  • Director, Stanford Center at the Incheon Global Campus (SCIGC) in South Korea (2019 - Present)
  • Academic Director, Stanford Project Leadership Institute (PLI) (2017 - Present)
  • Academic Director, Stanford Ideas to Market Entrepreneurial Education Program (2018 - Present)
  • Academic Director, Stanford Venture Capital Unlocked VC/Angel Investing Program (2017 - Present)
  • Academic Director, Stanford Product Management Professional Certificate (2020 - Present)

Honors & Awards


  • CAREER Award, US National Science Foundation (2015)

Boards, Advisory Committees, Professional Organizations


  • Executive Committee Member, Stanford-Thailand Research Consortium (2018 - Present)
  • Executive Committee Member, Stanford Science, Technology, and Society (STS) Program (2019 - Present)
  • Executive Committee Member, Stanford Urban Studies Program (2018 - Present)
  • Executive Committee Member, Emmett Interdisciplinary Program in Environment and Resources (E-IPER) (2021 - Present)

Program Affiliations


  • Science, Technology and Society

Professional Education


  • MBA, University of Michigan, Finance and Strategy (2008)
  • PhD, University of Michigan, Civil and Environmental Engineering (2006)

2020-21 Courses


Stanford Advisees


All Publications


  • Development of a multiphysics model of synergistic effects between environmental exposure and damage in woven glass fiber reinforced polymeric composites COMPOSITE STRUCTURES Li, Z., Lepech, M. D., Furmanski, J. 2021; 258
  • Micromechanics modeling and homogenization of glass fiber reinforced polymer composites subject to synergistic deterioration COMPOSITES SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Li, Z., Furmanski, J., Lepech, M. D. 2021; 203
  • How "Belt and Road" initiative implementation has influenced R&D outcomes of Chinese enterprises: asset-exploitation or knowledge transfer? R & D MANAGEMENT Li, S., Su, J., Liu, Y., Lepech, M. D., Wang, J. 2020

    View details for DOI 10.1111/radm.12445

    View details for Web of Science ID 000591439500001

  • Incorporating pavement deterioration uncertainty into pavement management optimization INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PAVEMENT ENGINEERING Garcia-Segura, T., Montalban-Domingo, L., Llopis-Castello, D., Lepech, M. D., Sanz, M., Pellicer, E. 2020
  • Prediction of micrometeoroid damage to lunar construction materials using numerical modeling of hypervelocity impact events INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF IMPACT ENGINEERING Allende, M. I., Miller, J. E., Davis, B., Christiansen, E. L., Lepech, M. D., Loftus, D. J. 2020; 138
  • Hypervelocity Impact Performance of Biopolymer-Bound Soil Composites for Space Construction JOURNAL OF AEROSPACE ENGINEERING Allende, M., Davis, B., Miller, J. E., Christiansen, E. L., Lepech, M. D., Loftus, D. J. 2020; 33 (2)
  • A novel approach to district heating and cooling network design based on life cycle cost optimization ENERGY Best, R. E., Kalehbasti, P., Lepech, M. D. 2020; 194
  • Incorporating multi-physics deterioration analysis in building information modeling for life-cycle management of durability performance AUTOMATION IN CONSTRUCTION Wu, J., Lepech, M. D. 2020; 110
  • On Designing Biopolymer-Bound Soil Composites (BSC) for Peak Compressive Strength JOURNAL OF RENEWABLE MATERIALS Rosa, I., Roedel, H., Allende, M., Lepech, M. D., Loftus, D. J. 2020; 8 (8): 845–61
  • Prediction of ultimate compressive strength for biopolymer-bound soil composites (BSC) using sliding wingtip crack analysis ENGINEERING FRACTURE MECHANICS Roedel, H., Rosa, I., Allende, M., Lepech, M. D., Loftus, D. J., Garboczi, E. J. 2019; 218
  • PROBABILISTIC DESIGN OF SUSTAINABLE REINFORCED CONCRETE INFRASTRUCTURE REPAIRS USING SIPMATH Zirps, M., Lepech, M., Savage, S., IEEE IEEE. 2019: 3104–15
  • Finite element models of reinforced ECC beams subjected to various cyclic deformation COMPUTERS AND CONCRETE Frank, T. E., Lepech, M. D., Billington, S. L. 2018; 22 (3): 305–17
  • Experimental Testing of Reinforced ECC Beams Subjected to Various Cyclic Deformation Histories JOURNAL OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING Frank, T. E., Lepech, M. D., Billington, S. L. 2018; 144 (6)
  • Scaling Impact Crater Dimensions to Predict Micrometeorite Damage of Biopolymer-Stabilized Regolith Allende, M. I., Lepech, M. D., Loftus, D. J., Malla, R. B., Goldberg, R. K., Roberts, A. D. AMER SOC CIVIL ENGINEERS. 2018: 612–20
  • Probabilistic Design of Environmentally Sustainable Reinforced-Concrete Transportation Infrastructure Incorporating Maintenance Optimization JOURNAL OF INFRASTRUCTURE SYSTEMS Shen, B., Lepech, M. D. 2017; 23 (3)
  • Development of time-dependent fragility functions for deteriorating reinforced concrete bridge piers STRUCTURE AND INFRASTRUCTURE ENGINEERING Rao, A. S., Lepech, M. D., Kiremidjian, A. 2017; 13 (1): 67-83
  • Simplified structural deterioration model for reinforced concrete bridge piers under cyclic loading STRUCTURE AND INFRASTRUCTURE ENGINEERING Rao, A. S., Lepech, M. D., Kiremidjian, A. S., Sun, X. 2017; 13 (1): 55-66
  • Influence of carbon feedstock on potentially net beneficial environmental impacts of bio-based composites JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION Miller, S. A., Billington, S. L., Lepech, M. D. 2016; 132: 266-278
  • Modeling and optimization of building mix and energy supply technology for urban districts APPLIED ENERGY Best, R. E., Flager, F., Lepech, M. D. 2015; 159: 161-177
  • Cradle-to-gate sustainable target value design: integrating life cycle assessment and construction management for buildings JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION Russell-Smith, S. V., Lepech, M. D. 2015; 100: 107-115
  • Sustainability Assessment of Protein-Soil Composite Materials for Limited Resource Environments JOURNAL OF RENEWABLE MATERIALS Roedel, H., Plata, I. R., Lepech, M., Loftus, D. 2015; 3 (3): 183-194
  • Integrating durability-based service-life predictions with environmental impact assessments of natural fiber-reinforced composite materials RESOURCES CONSERVATION AND RECYCLING Miller, S. A., Srubar, W. V., Billington, S. L., Lepech, M. D. 2015; 99: 72-83
  • Static versus Time-Dependent Material Selection Charts and Application in Wood Flour Composites JOURNAL OF BIOBASED MATERIALS AND BIOENERGY Miller, S. A., Lepech, M. D., Billington, S. L. 2015; 9 (2): 273-283
  • Techno-Ecological Synergy: A Framework for Sustainable Engineering ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Bakshi, B. R., Ziv, G., Lepech, M. D. 2015; 49 (3): 1752-1760

    Abstract

    Even though the importance of ecosystems in sustaining all human activities is well-known, methods for sustainable engineering fail to fully account for this role of nature. Most methods account for the demand for ecosystem services, but almost none account for the supply. Incomplete accounting of the very foundation of human well-being can result in perverse outcomes from decisions meant to enhance sustainability and lost opportunities for benefiting from the ability of nature to satisfy human needs in an economically and environmentally superior manner. This paper develops a framework for understanding and designing synergies between technological and ecological systems to encourage greater harmony between human activities and nature. This framework considers technological systems ranging from individual processes to supply chains and life cycles, along with corresponding ecological systems at multiple spatial scales ranging from local to global. The demand for specific ecosystem services is determined from information about emissions and resource use, while the supply is obtained from information about the capacity of relevant ecosystems. Metrics calculate the sustainability of individual ecosystem services at multiple spatial scales and help define necessary but not sufficient conditions for local and global sustainability. Efforts to reduce ecological overshoot encourage enhancement of life cycle efficiency, development of industrial symbiosis, innovative designs and policies, and ecological restoration, thus combining the best features of many existing methods. Opportunities for theoretical and applied research to make this framework practical are also discussed.

    View details for DOI 10.1021/es5041442

    View details for Web of Science ID 000349060300063

    View details for PubMedID 25560912

  • Impact of progressive sustainable target value assessment on building design decisions BUILDING AND ENVIRONMENT Russell-Smith, S. V., Lepech, M. D., Fruchter, R., Littman, A. 2015; 85: 52-60
  • Sustainable target value design: integrating life cycle assessment and target value design to improve building energy and environmental performance JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION Russell-Smith, S. V., Lepech, M. D., Fruchter, R., Meyer, Y. B. 2015; 88: 43-51
  • Incorporating spatiotemporal effects and moisture diffusivity into a multi-criteria materials selection methodology for wood-polymer composites CONSTRUCTION AND BUILDING MATERIALS Srubar, W. V., Miller, S. A., Lepech, M. D., Billington, S. L. 2014; 71: 589-601
  • A multi-objective feedback approach for evaluating sequential conceptual building design decisions AUTOMATION IN CONSTRUCTION Basbagill, J. P., Flager, F. L., Lepech, M. 2014; 45: 136-150
  • Firm-level ecosystem service valuation using mechanistic biogeochemical modeling and functional substitutability ECOLOGICAL ECONOMICS Comello, S. D., Maltais-Landry, G., Schwegler, B. R., Lepech, M. D. 2014; 100: 63-73
  • Probabilistic design and management of environmentally sustainable repair and rehabilitation of reinforced concrete structures CEMENT & CONCRETE COMPOSITES Lepech, M. D., Geiker, M., Stang, H. 2014; 47: 19-31
  • Application of multi-criteria material selection techniques to constituent refinement in biobased composites MATERIALS & DESIGN Miller, S. A., Lepech, M. D., Billington, S. L. 2013; 52: 1043-1051
  • Behavior of Concrete and ECC Structures under Simulated Earthquake Motion JOURNAL OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING-ASCE Gencturk, B., Elnashai, A. S., Lepech, M. D., Billington, S. 2013; 139 (3): 389-399
  • Network-Level Pavement Asset Management System Integrated with Life-Cycle Analysis and Life-Cycle Optimization JOURNAL OF INFRASTRUCTURE SYSTEMS Zhang, H., Keoleian, G. A., Lepech, M. D. 2013; 19 (1): 99-107
  • Application of life-cycle assessment to early stage building design for reduced embodied environmental impacts BUILDING AND ENVIRONMENT Basbagill, J., Flager, F., Lepech, M., Fischer, M. 2013; 60: 81-92
  • Improvement in environmental performance of poly(beta-hydroxybutyrate)-co-(beta-hydroxyvalerate) composites through process modifications JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION Miller, S. A., Billington, S. L., Lepech, M. D. 2013; 40: 190-198
  • Durability of strain-hardening cement-based composites (SHCC) MATERIALS AND STRUCTURES Van Zijl, G. P., Wittmann, F. H., Oh, B. H., Kabele, P., Toledo Filho, R. D., Fairbairn, E. M., Slowik, V., Ogawa, A., Hoshiro, H., Mechtcherine, V., Altmann, F., Lepech, M. D. 2012; 45 (10): 1447-1463
  • Cradle-to-Gate Life Cycle Assessment for a Cradle-to-Cradle Cycle: Biogas-to-Bioplastic (and Back) ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Rostkowski, K. H., Criddle, C. S., Lepech, M. D. 2012; 46 (18): 9822-9829

    Abstract

    At present, most synthetic organic materials are produced from fossil carbon feedstock that is regenerated over time scales of millions of years. Biobased alternatives can be rapidly renewed in cradle-to-cradle cycles (1-10 years). Such materials extend landfill life and decrease undesirable impacts due to material persistence. This work develops a LCA for synthesis of polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) from methane with subsequent biodegradation of PHB back to biogas (40-70% methane, 30-60% carbon dioxide). The parameters for this cradle-to-cradle cycle for PHB production are developed and used as the basis for a cradle-to-gate LCA. PHB production from biogas methane is shown to be preferable to its production from cultivated feedstock due to the energy and land required for the feedstock cultivation and fermentation. For the PHB-methane cycle, the major challenges are PHB recovery and demands for energy. Some or all of the energy requirements can be satisfied using renewable energy, such as a portion of the collected biogas methane. Oxidation of 18-26% of the methane in a biogas stream can meet the energy demands for aeration and agitation, and recovery of PHB synthesized from the remaining 74-82%. Effective coupling of waste-to-energy technologies could thus conceivably enable PHB production without imported carbon and energy.

    View details for DOI 10.1021/es204541w

    View details for Web of Science ID 000308787800002

    View details for PubMedID 22775327

  • Human Health Impact as a Boundary Selection Criterion in the Life Cycle Assessment of Pultruded Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composite Materials JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY Basbagill, J. P., Lepech, M. D., Ali, S. M. 2012; 16 (2): 266-275
  • Project-Level Assessment of Environmental Impact: Ecosystem Services Approach to Sustainable Management and Development JOURNAL OF MANAGEMENT IN ENGINEERING Comello, S. D., Lepech, M. D., Schwegler, B. R. 2012; 28 (1): 5-12
  • Multi-objective building envelope optimization for life-cycle cost and global warming potential 9th European Conference on Product and Process Modelling Flager, F., Basbagill, J., Lepech, M., Fischer, M. CRC PRESS-TAYLOR & FRANCIS GROUP. 2012: 193–200
  • Structural modeling of corroded reinforced concrete bridge columns 6th International Conference on Bridge Maintenance, Safety and Management (IABMAS) Rao, A. S., Lepech, M. D., Kiremidjian, A. S. CRC PRESS-TAYLOR & FRANCIS GROUP. 2012: 1008–1014
  • USING LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT METHODS TO GUIDE ARCHITECTURAL DECISION-MAKING FOR SUSTAINABLE PREFABRICATED MODULAR BUILDINGS JOURNAL OF GREEN BUILDING Faludi, J., Lepech, M. D., Loisos, G. 2012; 7 (3): 151-170
  • ECOLOGICAL PAYBACK TIME OF AN ENERGY-EFFICIENT MODULAR BUILDING JOURNAL OF GREEN BUILDING Faludi, J., Lepech, M. 2012; 7 (1): 100-119
  • INTEGRATED PROBABILISTIC LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT AND DURABILITY DESIGN FOR SUSTAINABLE SHCC INFRASTRUCTURE 2nd International RILEM Conference on Strain Hardening Cementitious Composites (SHCC2-Rio) Lepech, M. D., Stang, H., Geiker, M. R I L E M PUBLICATIONS. 2011: 157–164
  • A Framework for Multiphysics Modeling of Natural Environments for Valuation of Privately Owned Ecosystem Services IEEE International Symposium on Sustainable Systems and Technology (ISSST) Comello, S. D., Lepech, M. D. IEEE. 2011
  • Life-Cycle Optimization of Pavement Overlay Systems JOURNAL OF INFRASTRUCTURE SYSTEMS Zhang, H., Keoleian, G. A., Lepech, M. D., Kendall, A. 2010; 16 (4): 310-322
  • Dynamic Life-Cycle Modeling of Pavement Overlay Systems: Capturing the Impacts of Users, Construction, and Roadway Deterioration JOURNAL OF INFRASTRUCTURE SYSTEMS Zhang, H., Lepech, M. D., Keoleian, G. A., Qian, S., Li, V. C. 2010; 16 (4): 299-309
  • Design of Sustainable Pavements Using Probabilistic LCA/Durability Design Proceedings of International Workshop on Energy and Environment in the Development of Sustainable Asphalt Pavements Lepech, M. D. XIAN JIAOTUNG UNIV PRESS. 2010: 16–21
  • Improving infrastructure sustainability using nanoparticle engineered cementitious composites International Conference on Advanced Concrete Materials (ACM) Lepech, M. D. CRC PRESS-TAYLOR & FRANCIS GROUP. 2010: 153–161
  • Time varying risk modeling of deteriorating bridge infrastructure for sustainable infrastructure design 5th International Conference on Bridge Maintenance, Safety and Management (IABMAS) Rao, A. S., Lepech, M. D., Kiremidjian, A. S., Sun, X. Y. CRC PRESS-TAYLOR & FRANCIS GROUP. 2010: 2501–2508
  • Water permeability of engineered cementitious composites CEMENT & CONCRETE COMPOSITES Lepech, M. D., Li, V. C. 2009; 31 (10): 744-753
  • Application of ECC for bridge deck link slabs MATERIALS AND STRUCTURES Lepech, M. D., Li, V. C. 2009; 42 (9): 1185-1195
  • Introduction of Transition Zone Design for Bridge Deck Link Slabs Using Ductile Concrete ACI STRUCTURAL JOURNAL Qian, S., Lepech, M. D., Kim, Y. Y., Li, V. C. 2009; 106 (1): 96-105
  • Transition Zone Analysis and Design for Bridge Deck Link Slabs using Ductile Concrete ACI Structural Journal Qian, S., Lepech, M., Kim, Y., Y., Li, V., C. 2009; 1 (106): 96-105
  • Sustainable Infrastructure Systems using Engineered Cementitious Composites Lepech, M., D. 2009
  • Treatment of Uncertainties in Life Cycle Assessment Baker, J., W., Lepech, M. 2009
  • Improving Infrastructure Sustainability using Nanoparticle Engineered Cementitious Composites Lepech, M., D. 2009
  • Autogenous Healing of Engineered Cementitious Composites Under Wet-Dry Cycles Journal of Cement and Concrete Research Yang, Y., Lepech, M., D., Yang, E., H., Li, V., C. 2009; 39: 382-390
  • Design of Green Engineered Cementitious Composites for Improved Sustainability ACI MATERIALS JOURNAL Lepech, M. D., Li, V. C., Robertson, R. E., Keoleian, G. A. 2008; 105 (6): 567-575
  • Materials design for sustainability through life cycle modeling of engineered cementitious composites MATERIALS AND STRUCTURES Kendall, A., Keoleian, G. A., Lepech, M. D. 2008; 41 (6): 1117-1131
  • Design of green engineered cementitious composites for pavement overlay applications 1st International Symposium on Life-Cycle Civil Engineering Lepech, M. D., Keoleian, G. A., Qian, S., Li, V. C. CRC PRESS-TAYLOR & FRANCIS GROUP. 2008: 837–842
  • Large Scale Processing of Engineered Cementitious Composites ACI Materials Journal Lepech, M., D., Li, V., C. 2008; 4 (105): 358-366
  • An integrated life cycle assessment and life cycle analysis model for pavement overlay systems 1st International Symposium on Life-Cycle Civil Engineering Zhang, H., Keoleian, G. A., Lepech, M. D. CRC PRESS-TAYLOR & FRANCIS GROUP. 2008: 907–912
  • Integrated Structure and Materials Design for Sustainable Concrete Transportation Infrastructure Lepech, M., Keoleian, G., A., Li, V., C. 2007
  • Incorporating Life Cycle Analysis into Early Stage Office Furniture Product Development International Life Cycle Assessment and Management 2007. Conway, C., Lepech, M., VanValkenburg, D., Youngs, B. 2007
  • Guiding the design and application of new materials for enhancing sustainability performance: Framework and infrastructure application Symposium on Life-Cycle Analysis Tools for Green Materials and Process Selection held at the 2005 MRS Fall Meeting Keoleian, G. A., Kendall, A. M., Lepech, M. D., Li, V. C. MATERIALS RESEARCH SOCIETY. 2006: 123–134
  • Sustainable Infrastructure Engineering: Integrating Material and Structural Design with Life Cycle Analysis Advances in Cement and Concrete X: Sustainability Lepech, M., Li, V., C. edited by Schrivener, K., Monteiro, P., Hanehara, S. ECI. 2006: 55–60
  • Long Term Durability Performance of Engineered Cementitious Composites International Journal for Restoration of Buildings and Monuments Lepech, M., D., Li, V., C. 2006; 2 (12): 119-132
  • Durability ang Long Term Performance of Engineered Cementitious Composites Lepech, M., Li, V., C. 2006
  • General Design Assumptions for Engineered Cementitious Composites Li, V., C., Lepech, M. 2006
  • Life Cycle Modeling of Concrete Bridge Design: Comparison of Engineered Cementitious Composite Link Slabs and Conventional Steel Expansion Joints JOURNAL OF INFRASTRUCTURE SYSTEMS Keoleian, G. A., Kendall, A., Dettling, J. E., Smith, V. M., Chandler, R. F., Lepech, M. D., Li, V. C. 2005; 11 (1): 51-60
  • Water Permeability of Cracked Cementitious Composites Lepech, M., Li, V. 2005
  • Life-Cycle Cost Model for Evaluating the Sustainability of Bridge Decks Keoleian, G., A., Kendall, A., Chandler, R., F., Helfand, G., Lepech, M., D., Li, V., C. 2005
  • Life Cycle Model for Evaluating the Sustainability of Concrete Infrastructure Systems Keoleian, G., Kendall, A., Chandler, R., Helfand, G., Lepech, M., Li, V., C. 2005
  • Design and Field Demonstration of ECC Link Slabs for Jointless Bridge Decks Lepech, M., Li, V., C. 2005
  • Sustainable Infrastructure Material Design Lepech, M., Li, V., C., Keoleian, G. 2005
  • Self -healing of ECC under cyclic wetting and drying Yang, Y., Lepech, M., Li, V. 2005
  • Self-healing in Cementitious Compounds Self-healing Materials Workshop Li, V., C., Lepech, M. edited by aan Zee, N. Delft, Netherlands. 2005: 1
  • Life Cycle Modeling of Concrete Bridge Design: Comparison of ECC Link Slabs and Conventional Steel Expansion Joints Journal of Infrastructure Systems Keoleian, G., A., Kendall, A., Dettling, J., E., Smith, V., M., Chandler, R., F., Lepech, M., D. 2005: 51-60
  • Development of green engineered cementitious composites for sustainable infrastructure systems International Workshop on Sustainable Development and Concrete Technology Li, V. C., Lepech, M., Wang, S. X., Weimann, M., Keoleian, G. CENTER TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH & EDUCATION. 2004: 181–191
  • Development of Green ECC for Sustainable Infrastructure Systems. Li, V., C., Lepech, M., Wang, S., Weimann, M., Keoleian, G. edited by Wang, K. 2004
  • Size Effect in ECC Structural Members in Flexure Lepech, M., Li, V., C. 2004
  • Crack Resistant Concrete Material for Transportation Construction Transportation Research Board 83rd Annual Meeting Compendium of Papers, Paper No. 04-4680. Li, V., C., Lepech, M. 2004
  • Preliminary Findings on Size Effect in ECC Structural Members in Flexural Lepech, M., Li, V., C. 2003